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3
votes
1answer
83 views

Existence of tubular neighborohoods of locally flat topological embeddings

Suppose $X$ is a topological manifold and $Y \subset X$ is a locally flat submanifold. We know that $Y$ doesn't necessarily have a tubular neighborhood. My definition of a tubular neighborhood of $Y$ ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Perturb a given smooth function to a Morse function relative to fixed level sets, which are already fine

This question was not answered on math.stackexchange. Let $M$ be a manifold (not necessarily compact) , for the sake of clearness embedded in $\mathbb{R^n}$ and $f\colon M\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ a ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

When is a finite cw-complex a compact topological manifold?

I think the statement of the question is pretty straightforward. Given a finite $n$-dimensional CW complex, are there necessary and sufficient conditions for determining that it is also a compact ...
73
votes
8answers
8k views

What do heat kernels have to do with the Riemann-Roch theorem and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem?

I know the following facts. (Don't assume I know much more than the following facts.) The Atiyah-Singer index theorem generalizes both the Riemann-Roch theorem and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem. The ...
5
votes
1answer
158 views

Which combinations of normality, separability, and paracompactness do complex manifolds possess?

I am interested in what kinds of non-paracompact complex manifolds may exist and which topological properties they may have. Is there a non-separable complex manifold? Can a non-separable complex ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

What manifolds are bounded by RP^odd?

Real projective spaces $\mathbb{R}P^n$ have $\mathbb{Z}/2$ cohomology rings $\mathbb{Z}/2[x]/(x^{n+1})$ and total Stiefel-Whitney class $(1+x)^{n+1}$ which is $1$ when $n$ is odd, so it follows that ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Tube formula for r-neighbourhood of a manifold

Let $P$ be a topologically embedded submanifold in a Riemannian manifold $M$. Then the tube $T(P, r)$ of radius $r \geq 0$ about $P$ is the set of all points $m \in M$ such that there exists a ...
8
votes
2answers
294 views

Homeo-Fixed point property

Edit: According to comment of Michał Kukieła I revised the question A topological space $X$ satisfies "Homeo-fixed point" property if every homeomorphism $f$ on $X$ possess a fixed point. ...
5
votes
1answer
338 views

Homeomorphism of closed manifold

Suppose that we have two closed n-manifold $M$ and $N$ such that the topological group of homeomorphisms $Homeo(M)$ is homotopy equivalent to $Homeo(N)$ (maybe as topological groups if needed), can ...
11
votes
1answer
313 views

Homology spheres and fundamental group

I have a curiosity about homology spheres: I was wondering if they were uniquely characterized by their fundamental group. I.e. given two $n-$dimensional (integral) homology spheres with isomorphic ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Exotic C^k manifolds

How much is known about exotic $C^k$-manifolds? For example, Is it known whether there are $C^k$-differentiable manifolds that are homeomorphic, but not $C^k$ diffeomorphic? More generally, is it ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Can any $n$ dimensional (smooth, PL, topological) closed manifold be covered by $2^n$ pieces of $n$ dimensional real spaces?

For any $n$ dimensional closed manifold $M^n$, can we find an open covering $\{U_i\}_{i\in[2^n]}$ such that $M=\cup U_i$ and each $U_i\cong \mathbb R^n$? How about complex manifolds (replacing ...
66
votes
16answers
9k views

Are there examples of non-orientable manifolds in nature?

Whilst browsing through Marcel Berger's book "A Panoramic View of Riemannian Geometry" and thinking about the Klein bottle, I came across the sentence: "The unorientable surfaces are never discussed ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

Digital topology, animal problem, 2-sphere and torus

I have the following question relating digital topology, surfaces, particularly $S^2$ and torus. Can a body $B$ constructed with cubes (without cavities or tunnels) and with frontier homeomorphic to ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Looking for Information on Local Degree of Maps on Homology Manifolds

By a homology $n$-manifold, we mean a topological space $X$ such that for all $x \in X$: 1: if $k \neq n$ then $H_k(X, X-x)=0$ 2: $H_n(X,X-x) \cong \mathbb{Z}$. Given homology $n$-manifolds $X$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
161 views

Homology of manifold with action of group

Sorry for my ignorance in advance, this should be a very naive question and I would be happy for a reference. Let $G$ be an arbitrary group (not necessary finite) acting on two (connected) manifolds ...
19
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the difference between holonomy and monodromy?

What is the difference between holonomy and monodromy? And what is the simplest example in which one is trivial and the other is not?
6
votes
2answers
349 views

Topological $n$-manifolds have the homotopy type of $n$-dimensional CW-complexes

I search for a chain of clean references, which lead the fact of topological manifolds of dimension $n$ having the homotopy type of a CW of dimension $n$. Milnor's On spaces having the homotopy type ...
5
votes
3answers
554 views

Canonical Metric on Grassmann Manifold

I was curious and quite clueless as to how we can equip the Grassmann Manifold with a canonical metric - I have yet to find anything upon this subject.
26
votes
2answers
694 views

good covers of manifolds

It is well-known and easy to prove (see for instance this post) that every smooth manifold admits a "good cover", i.e. a locally finite cover by open balls such that all nonempty intersections of the ...
31
votes
1answer
890 views

Are there only countably many compact topological manifolds?

Up to homeomorphism, there are 2 one-dimensional topological manifolds and countably many 2- and 3-dimensional compact manifolds, respectively, since each manifold in these dimensions can be ...
-1
votes
1answer
285 views

History of Poincare conjecture in higher dimension [closed]

As far as I know, when Poincare formulated his well known conjecture, the original statement was the follwoing: if a closed manifold has the same homology groups as the sphere it is homoeomorphic to ...
0
votes
0answers
125 views

Generalization of the Riemann curvature tensor

The Riemannian curvature tensor (also holding for manifolds with torsion) is for the vector fields $X,Y,Z$ formally given by: $R(X,Y)Z=(∇ X ∇ Y −∇ Y ∇ X −∇ [X,Y] )Z$ . This tensor clearly exist for ...
6
votes
1answer
143 views

Dual cell structures on manifolds

Suppose that $M$ is a compact manifold without boundary (smooth if you like), and suppose further that $M$ is equipped with a regular CW-complex structure. Denote the face poset of this CW-complex by ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Whether the manifold part of an Alexandrov space is connected?

The title is my question. Alexandrov space here means finite dimensional Alexandrov space with curvature bounded below ,denoted by CBB. Let $\gamma$ be a simple curve in a $n$ dimensional CBB $M$ ...
7
votes
2answers
329 views

Number of critical points of smooth functions on $S^1$

Let $u$ be a smooth function on the unit circle $S^1$ such that $\int_{S^1}ux_j=0$, for $j=1,2$. Is the number of critical points of $u$ strictly bigger than 2?
2
votes
0answers
120 views

Caffarelli-Silvestre extension definition of fractional Laplace-Beltrami on hypersurface

Let $\Gamma \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ be a $n$-dimensional (closed) $C^k$-hypersurface. Consider the problem $$\nabla_\Gamma \cdot (y^{1-2s}\nabla_\Gamma u)(x,y) =0 \quad \text{for $(x,y) \in \Gamma ...
7
votes
0answers
372 views

Is there a manifold with fundamental group $\mathbb{Q}$?

It is known that the fundamental group of a locally path connected, path connected compact metric space is finitely presented or uncountable. Furthermore the fundamental group of every manifold is ...
4
votes
0answers
111 views

Sampling from a Manifold

Suppose we were to obtain a uniform sample, $S=\{x_1,...,x_m\}$, of points on a closed Riemannian $n$-manifold $M$. Let $\Gamma(S)$ be the set of all geodesics between the points in $S$ and we are ...
3
votes
1answer
212 views

The relation between Hausdorff dimension of an $n$-manifold and $n$

It is known that for a topological space with different metrics, the Hausdorff dimensions may not be equal in general. For the case of manifolds, suppose $M$ is a $n$-manifold with a ...
0
votes
0answers
114 views

A consequenc of a Lie group act on a Riemannian manifold by isometry

I am learning differential geometry for using this topic in my research. I am stuck to prove following Result which I got in a article. Formulation: Let $ f: [0, 1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ be a ...
8
votes
2answers
798 views

Simplifying triangulations of 3-manifolds

Throughout, by finite triangulation I mean a triangulation consisting of a finite number of triangles. Suppose $T$ and $T'$ are finite triangulations of a 3-manifold $M$. We will say that $T'$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Invariant subsets of a local action

I have also asked this in MSE, but it seems to me that my question wasn't very well received there and I think someone in here will be able to answer it more quickly, hence this post. I don't ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Approximate rank of the set formed by all delayed replicas of a bandlimited signals between 0 and T

My question is given a complex-valued signal with a certain delay $s(t-\tau)$ for which we sample $N$ isntants: $$\mathbf{s(\tau)}=\left[s(0-\tau),\ldots,s\left(\frac{N-1}{f_s}-\tau\right)\right]^T$$ ...
24
votes
3answers
2k views

A “meta-mathematical principle” of MacPherson

In an appendix to his notes on intersection homology and perverse sheaves, MacPherson writes Why do we want to consider only spaces $V$ that admit a decomposition into manifolds? The intuitive ...
6
votes
1answer
870 views

Does a Trivial Tangent Bundle Induce a Multiplication?

Let $M$ be a connected smooth manifold, and assume that it is parallelisable; that is, its tangent bundle is trivial. Does $M$ admit an H space structure? That is, does there exist a smooth map ...
26
votes
4answers
718 views

Ring of closed manifolds modulo fiber bundles

Let $R$ be the ring which is generated by homeomorphism classes $[M]$ of compact closed manifolds (of arbitrary dimension) subject to the relations that $$[F]\cdot [B] = [E]$$ if there exists a fibre ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

Are there analogs of smooth partitions of unity and good open covers for PL-manifolds?

Smooth partitions of unity and differentiable good open covers are important technical tools in the realm of smooth manifolds. Are there analogs of these tools for piecewise linear manifolds? A PL ...
19
votes
3answers
2k views

A book on locally ringed spaces?

Are there enough interesting results that hold for general locally ringed spaces for a book to have been written? If there are, do you know of a book? If you do, pelase post it, one per answer and a ...
13
votes
1answer
323 views

If all balls around two points are isometric… — manifold version

This question is a natural follow-up of this other question, asked earlier today by wspin. Let's say that a metric space $(X,d)$ has two poles if: there are two distinct points $x$, $y$ such that ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Zariski closure of the boundary of a closed convex subset of ${\mathbb R}^n$

Let $\eta$ be a closed convex subset of ${\mathbb R}^n$ of convex dimension $n$ (not necessarily compact) with nonempty boundary $\partial \eta$. Then $\eta$ is an $n$-dimensional topological ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

(Very) High dimensional manifolds

Usually one regards manifolds up to dimension 4 as a part of low dimensional topology. There are plenty of various results which work only in low dimensional topology; especially in dimension 4. ...
8
votes
2answers
358 views

Inverse cohomological isomorphisms

Let $\ M'\ M''\ $ be simply-connected Hausdorff compact manifolds (possibly with boundary for another variant of the question). Let $\ f:M'\rightarrow M''\ $ be a continuous function which induces an ...
8
votes
1answer
138 views

Can the graph Laplacian be well approximated by a Laplace-Beltrami operator?

It seems rather well known that given a Laplace-Beltrami operator $\mathcal{L}_{M}$ on a manifold $M$ we can approximate its spectrum by that of a graph Laplacian $L_{G}$ for some $G$ (where $G$ is ...
4
votes
1answer
328 views

Manifolds such that every homeomorphism of a submanifold to itself extends to the full manifold

Let manifold $S$ (connected, without boundary) have next property: for every submanifold $D \subset S$ (connected, compact, without boundary), every homeomorphism $f:D \to D$ extends to a ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Codimension $k$ homeomorphism extensions

Let $f:D \to D$ homeomorphism of $k$ codimension manifold (closed, compact, without boundary) to itself. ($D \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+k}$). For which $f$ does homeorophism $g: \mathbb{R}^{n+k} \to ...
4
votes
1answer
423 views

On the fundamental group of closed 3-manifolds

I know that every finitely presented group can be realized as the fundamental group of a compact, connected, smooth manifold of dimension 4 (or higher). In dimension 2 there are strong restriction on ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Orientability of Stiefel manifold V2(R4) [closed]

What is an easy proof of orientability of Stiefel manifold $V_2(\mathbb{R}^4)$ (pairs of orthonormal vectors from $\mathbb{R}^4$ - subset of $\mathbb{R}^8$)? All proofs I found deal with Lie groups ...
33
votes
3answers
2k views

Connected sum of topological manifolds

A definition of the connected sum of two $n$-manifolds $M$ and $M'$ begins by considering two $n$-balls $B$ in $M$, $B'$ in $M'$, and glueing the varieties $M\setminus \mathring B$ and $M'\setminus ...
67
votes
4answers
5k views

Which manifolds are homeomorphic to simplicial complexes?

This question is only motivated by curiousity; I don't know a lot about manifold topology. Suppose $M$ is a compact topological manifold of dimension $n$. I'll assume $n$ is large, say $n\geq 4$. ...