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26
votes
2answers
599 views

good covers of manifolds

It is well-known and easy to prove (see for instance this post) that every smooth manifold admits a "good cover", i.e. a locally finite cover by open balls such that all nonempty intersections of the ...
31
votes
1answer
826 views

Are there only countably many compact topological manifolds?

Up to homeomorphism, there are 2 one-dimensional topological manifolds and countably many 2- and 3-dimensional compact manifolds, respectively, since each manifold in these dimensions can be ...
0
votes
1answer
248 views

History of Poincare conjecture in higher dimension [closed]

As far as I know, when Poincare formulated his well known conjecture, the original statement was the follwoing: if a closed manifold has the same homology groups as the sphere it is homoeomorphic to ...
0
votes
0answers
105 views

Generalization of the Riemann curvature tensor

The Riemannian curvature tensor (also holding for manifolds with torsion) is for the vector fields $X,Y,Z$ formally given by: $R(X,Y)Z=(∇ X ∇ Y −∇ Y ∇ X −∇ [X,Y] )Z$ . This tensor clearly exist for ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Dual cell structures on manifolds

Suppose that $M$ is a compact manifold without boundary (smooth if you like), and suppose further that $M$ is equipped with a regular CW-complex structure. Denote the face poset of this CW-complex by ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Whether the manifold part of an Alexandrov space is connected?

The title is my question. Alexandrov space here means finite dimensional Alexandrov space with curvature bounded below ,denoted by CBB. Let $\gamma$ be a simple curve in a $n$ dimensional CBB $M$ ...
6
votes
2answers
304 views

Number of critical points of smooth functions on $S^1$

Let $u$ be a smooth function on the unit circle $S^1$ such that $\int_{S^1}ux_j=0$, for $j=1,2$. Is the number of critical points of $u$ strictly bigger than 2?
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Caffarelli-Silvestre extension definition of fractional Laplace-Beltrami on hypersurface

Let $\Gamma \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ be a $n$-dimensional (closed) $C^k$-hypersurface. Consider the problem $$\nabla_\Gamma \cdot (y^{1-2s}\nabla_\Gamma u)(x,y) =0 \quad \text{for $(x,y) \in \Gamma ...
6
votes
0answers
323 views

Is there a manifold with fundamental group $\mathbb{Q}$?

It is known that the fundamental group of a locally path connected, path connected compact metric space is finitely presented or uncountable. Furthermore the fundamental group of every manifold is ...
4
votes
0answers
106 views

Sampling from a Manifold

Suppose we were to obtain a uniform sample, $S=\{x_1,...,x_m\}$, of points on a closed Riemannian $n$-manifold $M$. Let $\Gamma(S)$ be the set of all geodesics between the points in $S$ and we are ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

The relation between Hausdorff dimension of an $n$-manifold and $n$

It is known that for a topological space with different metrics, the Hausdorff dimensions may not be equal in general. For the case of manifolds, suppose $M$ is a $n$-manifold with a ...
0
votes
0answers
107 views

A consequenc of a Lie group act on a Riemannian manifold by isometry

I am learning differential geometry for using this topic in my research. I am stuck to prove following Result which I got in a article. Formulation: Let $ f: [0, 1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ be a ...
8
votes
2answers
765 views

Simplifying triangulations of 3-manifolds

Throughout, by finite triangulation I mean a triangulation consisting of a finite number of triangles. Suppose $T$ and $T'$ are finite triangulations of a 3-manifold $M$. We will say that $T'$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Invariant subsets of a local action

I have also asked this in MSE, but it seems to me that my question wasn't very well received there and I think someone in here will be able to answer it more quickly, hence this post. I don't ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Approximate rank of the set formed by all delayed replicas of a bandlimited signals between 0 and T

My question is given a complex-valued signal with a certain delay $s(t-\tau)$ for which we sample $N$ isntants: $$\mathbf{s(\tau)}=\left[s(0-\tau),\ldots,s\left(\frac{N-1}{f_s}-\tau\right)\right]^T$$ ...
24
votes
3answers
2k views

A “meta-mathematical principle” of MacPherson

In an appendix to his notes on intersection homology and perverse sheaves, MacPherson writes Why do we want to consider only spaces $V$ that admit a decomposition into manifolds? The intuitive ...
6
votes
1answer
859 views

Does a Trivial Tangent Bundle Induce a Multiplication?

Let $M$ be a connected smooth manifold, and assume that it is parallelisable; that is, its tangent bundle is trivial. Does $M$ admit an H space structure? That is, does there exist a smooth map ...
26
votes
4answers
711 views

Ring of closed manifolds modulo fiber bundles

Let $R$ be the ring which is generated by homeomorphism classes $[M]$ of compact closed manifolds (of arbitrary dimension) subject to the relations that $$[F]\cdot [B] = [E]$$ if there exists a fibre ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

Are there analogs of smooth partitions of unity and good open covers for PL-manifolds?

Smooth partitions of unity and differentiable good open covers are important technical tools in the realm of smooth manifolds. Are there analogs of these tools for piecewise linear manifolds? A PL ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

A book on locally ringed spaces?

Are there enough interesting results that hold for general locally ringed spaces for a book to have been written? If there are, do you know of a book? If you do, pelase post it, one per answer and a ...
6
votes
2answers
223 views

Homeo-Fixed point property

Edit: According to comment of Michał Kukieła I revised the question A topological space $X$ satisfies "Homeo-fixed point" property if every homeomorphism $f$ on $X$ possess a fixed point. ...
13
votes
1answer
307 views

If all balls around two points are isometric… — manifold version

This question is a natural follow-up of this other question, asked earlier today by wspin. Let's say that a metric space $(X,d)$ has two poles if: there are two distinct points $x$, $y$ such that ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Zariski closure of the boundary of a closed convex subset of ${\mathbb R}^n$

Let $\eta$ be a closed convex subset of ${\mathbb R}^n$ of convex dimension $n$ (not necessarily compact) with nonempty boundary $\partial \eta$. Then $\eta$ is an $n$-dimensional topological ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

(Very) High dimensional manifolds

Usually one regards manifolds up to dimension 4 as a part of low dimensional topology. There are plenty of various results which work only in low dimensional topology; especially in dimension 4. ...
8
votes
2answers
344 views

Inverse cohomological isomorphisms

Let $\ M'\ M''\ $ be simply-connected Hausdorff compact manifolds (possibly with boundary for another variant of the question). Let $\ f:M'\rightarrow M''\ $ be a continuous function which induces an ...
8
votes
1answer
119 views

Can the graph Laplacian be well approximated by a Laplace-Beltrami operator?

It seems rather well known that given a Laplace-Beltrami operator $\mathcal{L}_{M}$ on a manifold $M$ we can approximate its spectrum by that of a graph Laplacian $L_{G}$ for some $G$ (where $G$ is ...
3
votes
3answers
347 views

Canonical Metric on Grassmann Manifold

I was curious and quite clueless as to how we can equip the Grassmann Manifold with a canonical metric - I have yet to find anything upon this subject.
58
votes
16answers
8k views

Are there examples of non-orientable manifolds in nature?

Whilst browsing through Marcel Berger's book "A Panoramic View of Riemannian Geometry" and thinking about the Klein bottle, I came across the sentence: "The unorientable surfaces are never discussed ...
4
votes
1answer
314 views

Manifolds such that every homeomorphism of a submanifold to itself extends to the full manifold

Let manifold $S$ (connected, without boundary) have next property: for every submanifold $D \subset S$ (connected, compact, without boundary), every homeomorphism $f:D \to D$ extends to a ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Codimension $k$ homeomorphism extensions

Let $f:D \to D$ homeomorphism of $k$ codimension manifold (closed, compact, without boundary) to itself. ($D \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+k}$). For which $f$ does homeorophism $g: \mathbb{R}^{n+k} \to ...
4
votes
1answer
368 views

On the fundamental group of closed 3-manifolds

I know that every finitely presented group can be realized as the fundamental group of a compact, connected, smooth manifold of dimension 4 (or higher). In dimension 2 there are strong restriction on ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Orientability of Stiefel manifold V2(R4) [closed]

What is an easy proof of orientability of Stiefel manifold $V_2(\mathbb{R}^4)$ (pairs of orthonormal vectors from $\mathbb{R}^4$ - subset of $\mathbb{R}^8$)? All proofs I found deal with Lie groups ...
31
votes
3answers
2k views

Connected sum of topological manifolds

A definition of the connected sum of two $n$-manifolds $M$ and $M'$ begins by considering two $n$-balls $B$ in $M$, $B'$ in $M'$, and glueing the varieties $M\setminus \mathring B$ and $M'\setminus ...
65
votes
4answers
4k views

Which manifolds are homeomorphic to simplicial complexes?

This question is only motivated by curiousity; I don't know a lot about manifold topology. Suppose $M$ is a compact topological manifold of dimension $n$. I'll assume $n$ is large, say $n\geq 4$. ...
4
votes
0answers
178 views

Action of the mapping class group on separating spheres in a connected sum of aspherical 3-manifolds

Let $M$ be a connected sum of $g$ closed aspherical 3-manifolds $M_1, \ldots, M_g$. [Update: I also assume that all the $M_i$-s are diffeomorphic, i.e. $M$ is a connected sum of copies of the same ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Can the second order frame bundle of a 2-d manifold be embeded inside the ordinary frame bundle of a 3-d manifold?

I would like to know whether the second order frame bundle of a 2-d manifold can be embedded inside the ordinary frame bundle of a 3-d manifold. Explanation Suppose we have a 3D smooth manifold ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

homology of punctured manifolds

Let $M$ be an $n$-dimensional closed manifold. Choose $x \in M$. Using long exact sequence of pairs $(M,M - x)$, we have $$H_k(M - x, \mathbb{Z}) \cong H_k(M, \mathbb{Z})$$ for $k<n-1$. For ...
15
votes
5answers
1k views

Is every real n-manifold isomorphic to a quotient of $\mathbb{R}^n$?

I'm curious about the following: Is every real $n$-manifold isomorphic to a quotient of $\mathbb{R}^n$? Thanks. EDIT: As Tilman points out, the manifold should be connected. Also, yes, I'm thinking ...
4
votes
1answer
362 views

What manifolds can have a (non-piecewise) linear structure?

By the definition I'm using, all manifolds are Hausdorff and second countable. For all non-negative integers $n$, I define $B_n$ to be $\bigl\{ \mathbf{v} \in \mathbf{R}^n : \lVert\mathbf{v}\rVert ...
0
votes
0answers
360 views

Locally flat submanifold

Recently I found the next definition: Let $M^n$ be an $n-$dimensional topological manifold. Then $N^k\subseteq M^n$ is a locally flat submanifold if for every $x\in N$ there exists an open set $U$ in ...
1
vote
0answers
166 views

Does there exist any subspace of R^n, homeomorhic to a manifold but not a C^0 submanifold of R^n?

At first I thought that if a subspace of $\mathbb{R}^n$ is homeomorphic to a manifold, then it is a $C^0$ submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^n$. But I found an asterisked exercise in the book Differential ...
1
vote
1answer
271 views

Is it possible to classify the boundaries of a manifold?

The open ball is a manifold, and the closed ball is a compact manifold-with-boundary which extends the open ball, in which the open ball is dense, in which all the new points are boundary points. Is ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Tubular neighbourhood which is nowhere piecewise linear

I recently asked this question. I think, if the following were true, then I would solve my problem. Let $E\subset\{(x_1,\dots,x_n)\in\mathbb R^n\;|\;x_i\geq 0\, \&\, \sum_ix_i=1\}$ be a convex ...
9
votes
1answer
642 views

How can gauge theory techniques be useful to study when topological manifolds can be triangulated?

I was reading a review article arXiv:1310.7644 and it was explained there that in the last few years it was proven that there are topological manifolds of dimension greater than four that cannot be ...
14
votes
1answer
467 views

Are there geometrically formal manifolds, which are not rationally elliptic?

Formality of a space is meant in the sense of Sullivan, i.e. a space $X$ is called formal, if it's commutative differential graded algebra of piecewise linear differential forms $(A_{PL}(X),d)$ is ...
5
votes
0answers
136 views

A question about something like “shelling” in a PL manifold

If $P$ and $Q$ are compact codimension zero submanifolds of a PL manifold, say that they meet nicely if $P\cap Q$ is a codimension zero submanifold of both $\partial P$ and $\partial Q$. In ...
2
votes
0answers
231 views

What kinds of manifolds admit non-vanishing vector fields defining convergent congruences?

One of the corollaries of the Poincaré–Hopf index theorem is that a closed, connected manifold $M$ admits non-vanishing vector fields iff its Euler characteristic is zero; i.e. $\chi(M) = 0$. I am ...
10
votes
1answer
220 views

orbit space of a topological manifold

Given a compact Lie group G acting freely on a topological manifold M, is it true that the orbit space M/G is also a topological manifold? If so, why?
6
votes
1answer
299 views

Can the monoidal structure on manifolds be strictified?

I'm asking this question purely out of curiosity. Let $\{M_\alpha\}_{\alpha\in A}$ be a collection of closed smooth manifolds, with exactly one in every diffeomorphism class of closed smooth ...
5
votes
0answers
223 views

Embedding tower in low codimension

If $F$ is a suitably nice functor from manifolds to spaces, it has a degree $k$ "polynomial" approximation $T_k F$ in the sense of embedding calculus. We set $T_\infty F := \mathrm{holim} T_k F$. The ...