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4
votes
1answer
336 views

What manifolds can have a (non-piecewise) linear structure?

By the definition I'm using, all manifolds are Hausdorff and second countable. For all non-negative integers $n$, I define $B_n$ to be $\bigl\{ \mathbf{v} \in \mathbf{R}^n : \lVert\mathbf{v}\rVert ...
0
votes
0answers
308 views

Locally flat submanifold

Recently I found the next definition: Let $M^n$ be an $n-$dimensional topological manifold. Then $N^k\subseteq M^n$ is a locally flat submanifold if for every $x\in N$ there exists an open set $U$ in ...
1
vote
0answers
125 views

Does there exist any subspace of R^n, homeomorhic to a manifold but not a C^0 submanifold of R^n?

At first I thought that if a subspace of $\mathbb{R}^n$ is homeomorphic to a manifold, then it is a $C^0$ submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^n$. But I found an asterisked exercise in the book Differential ...
-1
votes
0answers
75 views

If there is a diffeomorphism between two surfaces, what is the relation between Laplace-Beltrami operators on the surfaces?

Let $S(0)$ and $S(t)$ be hypersurfaces of dimension $n$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Suppose there is a diffeomorphism $F^0_t:S(0) \to S(t)$. Denote the Laplace-Beltrami operator by $\Delta_{S(\cdot)}$. Let ...
0
votes
1answer
264 views

Is it possible to classify the boundaries of a manifold?

The open ball is a manifold, and the closed ball is a compact manifold-with-boundary which extends the open ball, in which the open ball is dense, in which all the new points are boundary points. Is ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Tubular neighbourhood which is nowhere piecewise linear

I recently asked this question. I think, if the following were true, then I would solve my problem. Let $E\subset\{(x_1,\dots,x_n)\in\mathbb R^n\;|\;x_i\geq 0\, \&\, \sum_ix_i=1\}$ be a convex ...
6
votes
1answer
479 views

How can gauge theory techniques be useful to study when topological manifolds can be triangulated?

I was reading a review article arXiv:1310.7644 and it was explained there that in the last few years it was proven that there are topological manifolds of dimension greater than four that cannot be ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Why maslov zero lagrangian manifolds has the grading functions?

How to prove the following thing: Let $L$ be the lagrangian in calabi-Yau $M$. And $\Omega$ be the canonical m-form. $\Omega|_L=\exp{i\theta}dvol_L$, where \exp{i\theta} is a multivalule function. ...
14
votes
1answer
354 views

Are there geometrically formal manifolds, which are not rationally elliptic?

Formality of a space is meant in the sense of Sullivan, i.e. a space $X$ is called formal, if it's commutative differential graded algebra of piecewise linear differential forms $(A_{PL}(X),d)$ is ...
4
votes
0answers
94 views

A question about something like “shelling” in a PL manifold

If $P$ and $Q$ are compact codimension zero submanifolds of a PL manifold, say that they meet nicely if $P\cap Q$ is a codimension zero submanifold of both $\partial P$ and $\partial Q$. In ...
2
votes
0answers
141 views

What kinds of manifolds admit non-vanishing vector fields defining convergent congruences?

One of the corollaries of the Poincaré–Hopf index theorem is that a closed, connected manifold $M$ admits non-vanishing vector fields iff its Euler characteristic is zero; i.e. $\chi(M) = 0$. I am ...
10
votes
1answer
207 views

orbit space of a topological manifold

Given a compact Lie group G acting freely on a topological manifold M, is it true that the orbit space M/G is also a topological manifold? If so, why?
6
votes
1answer
266 views

Can the monoidal structure on manifolds be strictified?

I'm asking this question purely out of curiosity. Let $\{M_\alpha\}_{\alpha\in A}$ be a collection of closed smooth manifolds, with exactly one in every diffeomorphism class of closed smooth ...
5
votes
0answers
206 views

Embedding tower in low codimension

If $F$ is a suitably nice functor from manifolds to spaces, it has a degree $k$ "polynomial" approximation $T_k F$ in the sense of embedding calculus. We set $T_\infty F := \mathrm{holim} T_k F$. The ...
3
votes
1answer
324 views

Triangulation of Surfaces without Jordan-Schoenflies

Does anyone know of a proof of the fact that any 2-manifold can be triangulated that does not use the Jordan-Curve Theorem or the Jordan-Schoenflies Theorem? Thanks for your help
1
vote
0answers
74 views

PL or projective PL map on the links of a PL manifold

Let $M$ be a PL manifold and $f: M\rightarrow M$ be a PL homeomorphism. Suppose that $f(x)=x$ for some vertex $x$. Is the restriction map of $f$ on the links of $x$ also PL? Someone claims that this ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Euler Characteristic of a manifold with non-vanishing vector field,

A friend of mine recently asked me if I knew any simple, conceptual argument (even one that is perhaps only heuristic) to show that if a triangulated manifold has a non-vanishing vector field, then ...
5
votes
0answers
179 views

Is there a Whitney-type theorem Cauchy manifolds?

Let $M$ be a Cauchy space whose induced topological space is a second-countable Hausdorff space that is locally homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^m$. Does it follow that there exists a subspace $N$ of ...
19
votes
7answers
2k views

Is there a Whitney Embedding Theorem for non-smooth manifolds?

For smooth $n$-manifolds, we know that they can always be embedded in $\mathbb R^{2n}$ via a differentiable map. However, is there any corresponding theorem for the topological category? (i.e. Can ...
2
votes
0answers
207 views

When is the realisation of a simplicial set a manifold?

It is known that a simplicial complex is homeomorphic to a manifold if the link of every vertex is a simplicial sphere, for which there exists a definition. (I know that for high dimension, the ...
7
votes
2answers
240 views

Reference Request: Compact manifolds with boundary have the homotopy type of a CW-complex

Let $M$ be a compact manifold (possibly non-smooth) manifold with boundary $\partial M$. Is the inclusion $\partial M\hookrightarrow M$ homotopy equivalent to the inclusion of a subcomplex into a ...
8
votes
3answers
288 views

Characteristic polynomials of trees and E8

In thinking about constructing manifolds via surgery or plumbing, the following combinatorial problem comes up: If T is a tree with adjacency matrix A and I is the identity matrix of the same order, ...
5
votes
3answers
204 views

Constructing a vector field with given zeros on a torus

By the Hopf-Poincaré theorem, the sum of the indices of the zeros of a vector field on the d-dimensional torus must equal zero. Given an even number of points $x_i$ on a d-dimensional torus, and ...
50
votes
15answers
6k views

Are there examples of non-orientable manifolds in nature?

Whilst browsing through Marcel Berger's book "A Panoramic View of Riemannian Geometry" and thinking about the Klein bottle, I came across the sentence: "The unorientable surfaces are never discussed ...
6
votes
0answers
157 views

Reference Request: Topological h-cobordism theorem in higher dimensions

I think this question on math.stackexchange is more appropriate on mathoverflow. Correct me, if you don't think so. The h-cobordism theorem is true in the topological and in the smooth category in ...
7
votes
1answer
166 views

High dimensional generalized Poincare hypothesis without the h-cobordism theorem?

The generalized PL Poincare hypothesis states that in dimension $n$ there is a unique PL manifold that has the homotopy-type of $S^n$. It's known to be true in all dimensions except perhaps $n=4$. ...
15
votes
2answers
436 views

Distinct manifolds with the same configuration spaces?

For a space $X$, let $C_k X$ denote the space of configurations of $k$ distinct unordered points in $X$. What is an example of a pair of smooth manifolds $M$ and $N$ that are not homeomorphic but ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

How is the notion of a Lipschitz structure on a manifold defined?

According to wikipedia, there is such a definition. $\:$ The candidate that I can come up with is "an equivalence class of metrics that induce the topology and make the space locally bi-Lipschitz to ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Classification of 1-dimensional manifolds (not second-countable)

It is easy to see that every connected $1$-dimensional second-countable manifold (that is, what is often called just a manifold) is either homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}$ or to $S^1$. Now let's drop the ...
5
votes
1answer
628 views

About Sectional Curvature [closed]

In a paper by Yann Ollivier: Let $x$ be a point in $X$, $v$ a small tangent vector at $x$, $y$ the endpoint of $v$, $w_x$ a small tangent vector at $x$, and $w_y$ the parallel transport of $w_x$ from ...
1
vote
0answers
157 views

Why is Thom Transversality theorem the starting point for Surgery theory? [closed]

This question comes from reading the wiki article on Thom's theorem https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transversality_theorem "In differential topology, the transversality theorem,.... Together with the ...
-2
votes
1answer
143 views
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Proving that two given functionally structured spaces are isomorphic

The relevant definitions are listed below. They can be found in Chapter VI, pages 297-298 of Bredon's Introduction to Compact Transformation Groups; and Section 2, Chapter II of Bredon's Topology and ...
1
vote
0answers
167 views

On tangent spaces of Stiefel Manifolds

I was trying to read Edelman et al.'s 1998 paper "The Geometry of Algorithms with Orthogonality Constraints" and, since I don't have any differential geometry or much linear algebra background, I am ...
2
votes
2answers
155 views

Preimage of $1 \in H^n(M^n)$ under Chern character

Let $M$ be a closed, oriented manifold of dimension $n$. We know that the Chern character induces an isomorphism $K^\ast(M) \otimes \mathbb{Q} \cong H^\ast(M; \mathbb{Q})$ and now I was wondering how ...
4
votes
0answers
129 views

Haken manifolds and characterising sutured manifold hierarchies

In Gabai's paper (Knot Theory and Manifolds Lecture Notes in Mathematics Volume 1144, 1985, pp 14-17 An internal hierarchy for 3-manifolds) he considers sutured manifold decompositions of Haken ...
8
votes
2answers
666 views

When is the connected sum of manifolds orientation-independent?

Given $M$ and $N$, two connected orientable manifolds of the same dimension, when is $M$ # $N$ diffeomorphic to $M$ # $\overline{N}$, where $\overline{N}$ is $N$ with the orientation reversed? If $N$ ...
12
votes
6answers
783 views

Does every vector bundle allow a finite trivialization cover?

Suppose there is a vector bundle (smooth, with constant rank finite-dimensional fibres) over a (smooth, second-countable, Hausdorff, not necessarily connected) manifold $B$ of dimension $n$. (a) Is ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

On the canonical neighborhoods

Suppose $M$ is a 3-dimensional manifold, John W. Morgan and Frederick Tsz-Ho Fong in their "Ricci Flow and Geometrization of 3-Manifolds" book as a definition of canonical neighborhoods have ...
3
votes
2answers
469 views

Visualization of the real projective plane [closed]

Consider a closed (compact and without boundary) and non-orientable 2-manifold $M$. By Whitney embedding theorem, one can embed $M$ in $\mathbb{R}^4$. $M$ cannot be embeded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and just ...
16
votes
1answer
723 views

isotopy inverse embeddings vs. diffeomorphisms

I would like to find an example, if one exists, of manifolds $M$ and $N$ with embeddings $f:M\to N$ and $g:N\to M$ such that $f\circ g$ and $g\circ f$ are both isotopic (i.e. homotopic through ...
20
votes
3answers
1k views

The third axiom in the definition of (infinite-dimensional) vector bundles: why?

Serge Lang's Differential and Riemannian Manifolds is a no doubt the best available reference for the theory of not-necessarily-finite-dimensional differential manifolds, but unfortunately it suffers ...
13
votes
3answers
571 views

Does a *topological* manifold have an exhaustion by compact submanifolds with boundary?

If $M$ is a connected smooth manifold, then it is easy to show that there is a sequence of connected compact smooth submanifolds with boundary $M_1\subseteq M_2\subseteq\cdots$ such that ...
7
votes
4answers
733 views

geometric interpretation of Lie bracket

On page 159 of "A Comprehensive Introduction To Differential Geometry Vol.1" by Spivak has written: We thus see that the bracket $[X,Y]$ measures, in some sense, the extent to which the integral ...
0
votes
1answer
434 views

sign of the First chern class fundamental group of Kahler Manifolds

We know by some facts from Kobayashi, if the Kahler manifold $M$ has positive first Chern class, i.e., $c_1 (M)>0$ then $M$ is simply connected. So if $c_1 (M)<0$ under which assumption on $M$ ...
0
votes
1answer
155 views

Does some type of curvature require the space be an embedded manifold in a higher-dimensional space? [closed]

Assuming an appropriate definition of 'curvature', is there a theorem that says: "At least n+1 dimensions are necessary for a particular curvature to exist in an n-dimensional space, and the n-space ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

A k-form is thought of as measuring the flux through an infinitesimal k-parallelepiped

On the wikipedia has written "A $k$-form is thought of as measuring the flux through an infinitesimal $k$-parallelepiped." How does a $k$-form do this? if this sentence is right, then the flux of ...
0
votes
0answers
170 views

A question from Hamilton's Ricci Flow book by bennett chow

On page 3 of the book before exercise 1.2, is written: "torsion free is a compatibility condition with the differentiable structure". I correctly do not understand how torsion-free condition results ...
5
votes
1answer
440 views

Cancellation law for $M^n\times \mathbb R= N^n\times \mathbb R$.

Assume $M^n$ and $N^n$ are null bordant, i.e. each can be realized as boundary of an $n+1$ dimensional manifold. Suppose $M^n \times \mathbb R$ is homeomorphic to $N^n\times \mathbb R$. Is there any ...
57
votes
8answers
7k views

What do heat kernels have to do with the Riemann-Roch theorem and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem?

I know the following facts. (Don't assume I know much more than the following facts.) The Atiyah-Singer index theorem generalizes both the Riemann-Roch theorem and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem. The ...