A manifold is a topological space that locally resembles Euclidean space near each point. More precisely, each point of an n-dimensional manifold has a neighbourhood that is homeomorphic to the Euclidean space of dimension n.

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Measuring the failure of pushforward to commute with Steenrod squares

Let $f \colon X \rightarrow Y$ be a map of topological spaces. Let's say that they are (closed) manifolds (not necessarily orientable), though to be honest I'm really interested in the more general ...
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5answers
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Background to learn about manifolds [closed]

Greetings As a necessity to go forward with physics, I find myself in the need to learn about manifolds. Being an engineering student, I don't have the chance to study topology in all its glory. So, ...
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geometric interpretation of Lie bracket

On page 159 of "A Comprehensive Introduction To Differential Geometry Vol.1" by Spivak has written: We thus see that the bracket $[X,Y]$ measures, in some sense, the extent to which the integral ...
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3answers
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What is the difference between holonomy and monodromy?

What is the difference between holonomy and monodromy? And what is the simplest example in which one is trivial and the other is not?
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1answer
329 views

When are $k$-sectors of a Lie groupoid a manifold?

Let ${\mathcal{G} = \lbrace s,t:G_1 \to G_0 \rbrace}$ be a Lie groupoid. Define $$(\mathcal{G}^k)_0:=\lbrace (a_1,\dots,a_k) \in G_1^k\mid s(a_1)=t(a_1)=\dots=s(a_k)=t(a_k) \rbrace$$ (This is the ...
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Is a one-dimensional unstable manifold of an ODE a union of the associated equilibrium point and two full orbits? [closed]

Consider an ordinary differential equation (ODE) system \begin{align} \frac{dx}{dt} = f(x) \end{align} where $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ ($n \geq 2$) and the vector field $f$ is defined on an open subset $X$ ...
4
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115 views

Classifying countable sets of weighted dots on a real line

Each dot is located on the real line and assigned a weight that can be positive or negative. A dot is equivalent to two(or more) dots located at the same place whose weights sum is equal to that of ...
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4answers
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When is a Riemannian metric equivalent to the flat metric on $\mathbb R^n$?

I'm looking for an easily-checked, local condition on an $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold to determine whether small neighborhoods are isometric to neighborhoods in $\mathbb R^n$. For example, for ...
9
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1answer
257 views

Elements of infinite order in the topological mapping class group

Let $M$ be a closed topological manifold, and let $\operatorname{MCG}(M):=\operatorname{Homeo}(M)/\operatorname{Homeo}_0(M)$ denote the topological mapping class group of $M$ ...
81
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17answers
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Are there examples of non-orientable manifolds in nature?

Whilst browsing through Marcel Berger's book "A Panoramic View of Riemannian Geometry" and thinking about the Klein bottle, I came across the sentence: "The unorientable surfaces are never discussed ...
4
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189 views

Manifolds with a lower degree of regularity

I've been reading a paper about regularity theory for a P.D.E in a non-smooth domain(see the reference below). There, the authors consider domains of $R^n$ with regularity of class $W^2 ...
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115 views

does there exist a generalization of a manifold [closed]

Does there exist a generalization of a manifold whereby instead of being locally $\mathbb{R}^n$, it's locally another specified space?
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2answers
785 views

What is an example of an orbifold which is not a topological manifold?

In Thurston's book The Geometry and Topology of Three-Manifolds it is proven that the underlying space of a two-dimensional orbifold is always a topological surface. Are there any easy examples of ...
7
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3answers
991 views

Canonical Metric on Grassmann Manifold

I was curious and quite clueless as to how we can equip the Grassmann Manifold with a canonical metric - I have yet to find anything upon this subject.
10
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1answer
461 views

What is the Status of Borel conjecture today?

Let me recall the conjecture: $M$ and $N$ two aspherical closed $n$-manifolds with isomorphic fundamental groups, then $M$ and $N$ are homeomorphic.
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1answer
142 views

Rational cohomology of the Rosenfeld projective planes

The bioctonionic plane $(\mathbb{C} \otimes \mathbb{O})\mathbb{P}^2$, the quarteroctonionic plane $(\mathbb{H} \otimes \mathbb{O})\mathbb{P}^2$ and the octooctonionic plane $(\mathbb{O} \otimes ...
2
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1answer
181 views

Smallest homotopy equivalent space inside a manifold with boundary

It is well known that any compact manifold with boundary is homotopy equivalent to its interior. Is there a notion of some smallest space in the interior of the manifold that is homotopy equivalent to ...
1
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1answer
258 views

On compact, orientable 3-manifolds with non-empty boundary

I recall my Professor having stated something along the lines of the following, but I am not quite certain about the precise statement she gave: Let $M$ be a compact, orientable 3 manifold with ...
5
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2answers
213 views

Poisson structures on non-smooth manifolds with singularities

It's very known how we can describe a Poisson structure on a manifold $M$, where $M$ is a smooth manifold, but what about a Non-smooth manifold with singularities? In section $(2)$ of the paper The ...
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1answer
92 views

A connection on fibred manifold always exists?

May be $\pi:Y \mapsto X$ a general fibred manifold. Is it true that in fibred manifold a connection always exists? This wiki article states this: ...
2
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1answer
116 views

Is the complement of the ends of a manifold bounded?

Let $M$ be a connected manifold with precisely $k$ ends $\epsilon_1,...,\epsilon_k$. Choose a collection $(U_i)_{i=1}^k$ of pairwise disjoint open $\epsilon_i$-neighborhoods. Then I wonder how to ...
15
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1answer
196 views

Smooth manifolds as idempotent splitting completion

The nlab has a particularly interesting thing to say about the category of smooth manifolds: it is the idempotent-splitting completion of the category of open sets of Euclidean spaces and smooth maps. ...
32
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3answers
2k views

When is a submanifold of $\mathbf R^n$ given by global equations?

Let $M \subset \mathbf R^n$ be a (smooth) submanifold of dimension $d$. Under which conditions does there exist global equations defining $M$? By global equations I mean : does there exist a smooth ...
4
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1answer
115 views

Is the signature of inverse images of diffeomorphic submanifolds (along a homotopy equivalence) the same?

Suppose it is given an orientation preserving homotopy equivalence $h:N→M$ between closed oriented connected manifolds. Let $X,Y\subset M$ be diffeomorphic submanifolds, and assume $h$ to be ...
4
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2answers
331 views

Gluing two 3 manifolds along their boundary

Let $X,Y$ be two compact, smooth, orientable 3 manifolds, each with an incompressible boundary component diffeomorphic to some genus $g $ surface $S_g$. Under an orientation-reversig diffeomorphism ...
18
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1answer
809 views

Is there a manifold with fundamental group $\mathbb{Q}$?

It is known that the fundamental group of a locally path connected, path connected compact metric space is finitely presented or uncountable. Furthermore the fundamental group of every manifold is ...
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5answers
872 views

Simplicial volume

Is there a finite dimensional closed manifold $M$ which is a $K(\pi,1)$, whose fundamental group is not word-hyperbolic, but which has a positive simplicial volume (ie "Gromov norm")? (Added:) The ...
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0answers
31 views

Approximate rank of the set formed by all delayed replicas of a bandlimited signals between 0 and T

Given a complex-valued signal with a certain delay $s(t-\tau)$ for which we sample $N$ instants $$ \mathbf{s(\tau)}=\left[s(0-\tau),\ldots,s\left(\frac{N-1}{f_s}-\tau\right)\right]^T $$ at Nyquist ...
10
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2answers
339 views

Homeo-Fixed point property

Edit: According to comment of Michał Kukieła I revised the question A topological space $X$ satisfies "Homeo-fixed point" property if every homeomorphism $f$ on $X$ possess a fixed point. ...
3
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0answers
47 views

Cubulating non-compact hyperbolic manifolds

Let $X$ be a hyperbolic manifold of arbitrary dimension. When does $X$ admit a cell structure of a CAT(-1) cube complex? of a hyperbolic CAT(0) cube complex? I suspect that the question is widely ...
10
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0answers
199 views

Mapping class groups in high dimension

Let $M$ be a $1$-connected, closed, smooth manifold with $dim(M)>4$ and let us set $MCG(M)=\pi_0(Diff(M))$. Dennis Sullivan proved that $MCG(M)$ is commensurable to an arithmetic group. I was ...
8
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168 views

Geometric argument for “easy” part of Jordan-Brouwer separation theorem without local flatness

Let $M^n \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ be an $n$-dimensional compact connected topological submanifold. The Jordan-Brouwer separation theorem says that $\mathbb{R}^{n+1} \setminus M^n$ contains two ...
3
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1answer
223 views

Perturb a given smooth function to a Morse function relative to fixed level sets, which are already fine

This question was not answered on math.stackexchange. Let $M$ be a manifold (not necessarily compact) , for the sake of clearness embedded in $\mathbb{R^n}$ and $f\colon M\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ a ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Existence of tubular neighborohoods of locally flat topological embeddings

Suppose $X$ is a topological manifold and $Y \subset X$ is a locally flat submanifold. We know that $Y$ doesn't necessarily have a tubular neighborhood. My definition of a tubular neighborhood of $Y$ ...
10
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4answers
2k views

When is a finite cw-complex a compact topological manifold?

I think the statement of the question is pretty straightforward. Given a finite $n$-dimensional CW complex, are there necessary and sufficient conditions for determining that it is also a compact ...
77
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8answers
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What do heat kernels have to do with the Riemann-Roch theorem and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem?

I know the following facts. (Don't assume I know much more than the following facts.) The Atiyah-Singer index theorem generalizes both the Riemann-Roch theorem and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem. The ...
5
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1answer
174 views

Which combinations of normality, separability, and paracompactness do complex manifolds possess?

I am interested in what kinds of non-paracompact complex manifolds may exist and which topological properties they may have. Is there a non-separable complex manifold? Can a non-separable complex ...
27
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3answers
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What manifolds are bounded by RP^odd?

Real projective spaces $\mathbb{R}P^n$ have $\mathbb{Z}/2$ cohomology rings $\mathbb{Z}/2[x]/(x^{n+1})$ and total Stiefel-Whitney class $(1+x)^{n+1}$ which is $1$ when $n$ is odd, so it follows that ...
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1answer
55 views

Tube formula for r-neighbourhood of a manifold

Let $P$ be a topologically embedded submanifold in a Riemannian manifold $M$. Then the tube $T(P, r)$ of radius $r \geq 0$ about $P$ is the set of all points $m \in M$ such that there exists a ...
5
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1answer
375 views

Homeomorphism of closed manifold

Suppose that we have two closed n-manifold $M$ and $N$ such that the topological group of homeomorphisms $Homeo(M)$ is homotopy equivalent to $Homeo(N)$ (maybe as topological groups if needed), can ...
11
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1answer
385 views

Homology spheres and fundamental group

I have a curiosity about homology spheres: I was wondering if they were uniquely characterized by their fundamental group. I.e. given two $n-$dimensional (integral) homology spheres with isomorphic ...
4
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1answer
127 views

Exotic C^k manifolds

How much is known about exotic $C^k$-manifolds? For example, Is it known whether there are $C^k$-differentiable manifolds that are homeomorphic, but not $C^k$ diffeomorphic? More generally, is it ...
3
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1answer
70 views

Can any $n$ dimensional (smooth, PL, topological) closed manifold be covered by $2^n$ pieces of $n$ dimensional real spaces?

For any $n$ dimensional closed manifold $M^n$, can we find an open covering $\{U_i\}_{i\in[2^n]}$ such that $M=\cup U_i$ and each $U_i\cong \mathbb R^n$? How about complex manifolds (replacing ...
2
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1answer
185 views

Digital topology, animal problem, 2-sphere and torus

I have the following question relating digital topology, surfaces, particularly $S^2$ and torus. Can a body $B$ constructed with cubes (without cavities or tunnels) and with frontier homeomorphic to ...
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1answer
175 views

Homology of manifold with action of group

Sorry for my ignorance in advance, this should be a very naive question and I would be happy for a reference. Let $G$ be an arbitrary group (not necessary finite) acting on two (connected) manifolds ...
9
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2answers
411 views

Topological $n$-manifolds have the homotopy type of $n$-dimensional CW-complexes

I search for a chain of clean references, which lead the fact of topological manifolds of dimension $n$ having the homotopy type of a CW of dimension $n$. Milnor's On spaces having the homotopy type ...
28
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2answers
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good covers of manifolds

It is well-known and easy to prove (see for instance this post) that every smooth manifold admits a "good cover", i.e. a locally finite cover by open balls such that all nonempty intersections of the ...
32
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1answer
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Are there only countably many compact topological manifolds?

Up to homeomorphism, there are 2 one-dimensional topological manifolds and countably many 2- and 3-dimensional compact manifolds, respectively, since each manifold in these dimensions can be ...
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1answer
312 views

History of Poincare conjecture in higher dimension [closed]

As far as I know, when Poincare formulated his well known conjecture, the original statement was the follwoing: if a closed manifold has the same homology groups as the sphere it is homoeomorphic to ...
6
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1answer
253 views

Dual cell structures on manifolds

Suppose that $M$ is a compact manifold without boundary (smooth if you like), and suppose further that $M$ is equipped with a regular CW-complex structure. Denote the face poset of this CW-complex by ...