The manifolds tag has no usage guidance.

**67**

votes

**16**answers

9k views

### Are there examples of non-orientable manifolds in nature?

Whilst browsing through Marcel Berger's book "A Panoramic View of Riemannian Geometry" and thinking about the Klein bottle, I came across the sentence:
"The unorientable surfaces are never discussed ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Is there a Whitney-type theorem Cauchy manifolds?

Let $M$ be a Cauchy space whose induced topological space is a second-countable Hausdorff space that is locally homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^m$.
Does it follow that there exists a subspace $N$ of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### What is the topology of the structure group of a fiber bundle?

I dont know how can we topologize the structure group G of a fiber bundle P:E\rightarrow B
by transition functions \psi_i^j (Osbern)
Do you know an easy and fundamental book on fiber and vector ...

**68**

votes

**4**answers

5k views

### Which manifolds are homeomorphic to simplicial complexes?

This question is only motivated by curiousity; I don't know a lot about manifold topology.
Suppose $M$ is a compact topological manifold of dimension $n$. I'll assume $n$ is large, say $n\geq 4$. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

389 views

### Understanding manifold GL+(3,R)/SO(3) ?

I'm trying to better understand the manifold GL+(3,R)/S0(3) which is diffeomorphic to positive definite symmetric matrices. My motivation is to understand U in F = RU where F in GL+(3,R) = deformation ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

448 views

### Self homeomorphisms of $S^2\times S^2$

Every matrix $A\in SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ induces a self homeomorphism of $S^1\times S^1=\mathbb{R}^2/\mathbb{Z}^2$. For different matrices these homeomorphisms are not homotopic, as the induced map on ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Euler Characteristic of a manifold with non-vanishing vector field,

A friend of mine recently asked me if I knew any simple, conceptual argument (even one that is perhaps only heuristic) to show that if a triangulated manifold has a non-vanishing vector field, then ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

811 views

### Simplifying triangulations of 3-manifolds

Throughout, by finite triangulation I mean a triangulation consisting of a finite number of triangles.
Suppose $T$ and $T'$ are finite triangulations of a 3-manifold $M$. We will say that $T'$ is ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Higher-dimensional braid group?

Let $\Delta$ be 2-disk. Let $C(\Delta;n)$ be a configuration space.
i.e.) $C(\Delta;n)= \lbrace (z_1,\ldots,z_n)\in \Delta\times\ldots\Delta | z_i\neq z_j ~\textrm{if}~ i\neq j \rbrace $
Then, it ...

**26**

votes

**4**answers

723 views

### Ring of closed manifolds modulo fiber bundles

Let $R$ be the ring which is generated by homeomorphism classes $[M]$ of compact closed manifolds (of arbitrary dimension) subject to the relations that
$$[F]\cdot [B] = [E]$$
if there exists a fibre ...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

864 views

### topologically homogeneous space?

I want to know the example which satisfies the following.
X is topological space.
for every point x,y in X, there exist open nbhd Ux,Uy of x,y which are homeomorphic.
X has some kind of good ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### A Pachner complex for triangulated manifolds

A theorem of Pachner's states that if two triangulated PL-manifolds are PL-homeomorphic, the two triangulations are related via a finite sequence of moves, nowadays called "Pachner moves".
A ...

**21**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Are topological manifolds homotopy equivalent to smooth manifolds?

There exist topological manifolds which don't admit a smooth structure in dimensions > 3, but I haven't seen much discussion on homotopy type. It seems much more reasonable that we can find a smooth ...

**24**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Is there a Whitney Embedding Theorem for non-smooth manifolds?

For smooth $n$-manifolds, we know that they can always be embedded in $\mathbb R^{2n}$ via a differentiable map. However, is there any corresponding theorem for the topological category? (i.e. Can ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

825 views

### G-spaces and manifolds

In his book "The geometry of geodesics" H. Busemann defines the notion of a G-space to be a space which satisfies the following axioms:
The space is metric
The space is finitely compact, i.e., a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

516 views

### Status of Hilbert-Smith conjecture and H-S conjecture for Hölder actions

The Hilbert-Smith conjecture states that
If $G$ is a locally compact group which acts effectively on a connected manifold as a
topological transformation group then is $G$ a Lie group.
It was ...

**27**

votes

**1**answer

741 views

### “Affine communication” for topological manifolds

There is a situation that comes up regularly in algebraic topology when giving proofs of facts about manifolds, like Poincare duality and the like. The typical sequence goes like this:
Prove ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

678 views

### Is the complement of a strong deformation retract of a manifold M homotopic equivalent with the boundary of M?

It seems an easy problem but I couldn't prove it.
Let $M$ be a manifold with boundary and $N\subset \mathrm{int}(M)$ is a strong deformation retract of $M$.
Then I wonder whether $M-N$ is homotopic ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

622 views

### How does the Lefschetz-Poincare dual torsion linking pairing on manifolds with boundary interact with the maps of the long exact sequence of the manifold-boundary pair?

I'm wondering if anyone can point me to a reference on how the various
Lefschetz-Poincare dual torsion pairings of a manifold with boundary fit
together.
To explain in more detail, consider a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

555 views

### Counting submanifolds of the plane

After thinking about this question and reading this one I am led to ask for an uncountable collection of homeomorphism types of boundaryless connected path-connected submanifolds of the plane.
My ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Algebraic properties of the algebra of continuous functions on a manifold.

Does the algebra of continuous
functions from a compact manifold to
$\mathbb{C}$ satisfy any specific
algebraic property?
I'm not sure what kind of algebraic property I expect, but I feel ...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Classification of 1-dimensional manifolds (not second-countable)

It is easy to see that every connected $1$-dimensional second-countable manifold (that is, what is often called just a manifold) is either homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}$ or to $S^1$. Now let's drop the ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Can we decompose Diff(MxN)?

If you have two manifolds $M^m$ and $N^n$, how does one / can one decompose the diffeomorphisms $\text{Diff}(M\times N)$ in terms of $\text{Diff}(M)$ and $\text{Diff}(N)$? Is there anything we can say ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

784 views

### Spins as tensor fields

I have often come across this implicit translation of the classical field of a particle of a given spin into a specific tensor field. But I could not locate any literature from which I could learn ...

**74**

votes

**8**answers

8k views

### What do heat kernels have to do with the Riemann-Roch theorem and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem?

I know the following facts. (Don't assume I know much more than the following facts.)
The Atiyah-Singer index theorem generalizes both the Riemann-Roch theorem and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem.
The ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Poincaré Theorem on presentation from a fundamental polyhedra

Poincaré Theorem on Kleinian groups (groups acting discontinously on Euclidean or hyperbolic spaces or on spheres) provides a method to obtain a presentation of a Kleinian group from a fundamental ...

**19**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### A book on locally ringed spaces?

Are there enough interesting results that hold for general locally ringed spaces for a book to have been written? If there are, do you know of a book? If you do, pelase post it, one per answer and a ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

818 views

### Meaning of orientation/orientability over rings other than the integers

This was asked as part of an earlier question. But since this part did not attract many answers, I am asking it separately.
We consider the homology definition of an orientation for a manifold, as ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

461 views

### Help me understand boundary terms in actions over nontrivial manifolds

So I have this manifold $M$, along with a metric $g_{\mu\nu}(x)$ and metric-compatible covariant derivative $\nabla_\mu$ (which is not necessarily the one corresponding to the Levi--Civita ...

**18**

votes

**15**answers

3k views

### Important results that use infinite-dimensional manifolds?

Are Banach manifolds (or other types of infinite-dimensional manifolds) just curiosities, or have they been utilized to prove some interesting/important results? Where do they turn up? Important ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

408 views

### Special map from a manifold to GL_n(R)?

I've just finished my first course in differential geometry, so forgive me if this is maybe a silly or well-known question, but given any, say, diffeomorphism of $n$-manifolds $\phi:M\rightarrow N$, I ...

**25**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### What manifolds are bounded by RP^odd?

Real projective spaces $\mathbb{R}P^n$ have $\mathbb{Z}/2$ cohomology rings $\mathbb{Z}/2[x]/(x^{n+1})$ and total Stiefel-Whitney class $(1+x)^{n+1}$ which is $1$ when $n$ is odd, so it follows that ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Algebraic varieties which are topological manifolds

Inspired by this thread, which concludes that a non-singular variety over the complex numbers is naturally a smooth manifold, does anyone know conditions that imply that the topological space ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

546 views

### Maximal exotic $\mathbb{R}^4$

Article Exotic $\mathbb{R}^4$ on Wikipedia says that there is at least one maximal smooth structure on $\mathbb{R}^4$, that is such an atlas on $\mathbb{R}^4$ that any other smooth $\mathbb{R}^4$ can ...

**6**

votes

**6**answers

5k views

### What books should I read before beginning Masaki Kashiwara's “Sheaves on Manifolds”

I am a beginner trying to learn about sheaves. I am trying to read Masaki Kashiwara's book "Sheaves on Manifolds", but I find it is not easy for me to understand.
What other books should I read ...

**8**

votes

**5**answers

809 views

### Simplicial volume

Is there a finite dimensional closed manifold $M$ which is a $K(\pi,1)$, whose fundamental group is not word-hyperbolic, but which has a positive simplicial volume (ie "Gromov norm")?
(Added:) The ...