0
votes
0answers
90 views

Estimating when does a certain binomial sum exceed an upper bound

Given a fixed integer $n > 0$ and $0 \le m \le n$ let us define the numbers $$f_{n,m} = \sum_{i=\lfloor m/2 \rfloor}^m {n-2i \choose n - m -i}{i+1 \choose m - i +1}.$$ For example $f_{n,0} = ...
4
votes
1answer
309 views

Simple lower bounds for Bell numbers (number of set partitions)?

The $n$-th Bell number $B_n$ represents the number of distinct partitions of a set with $n$ distinguished elements. It can be expressed as the infinite sum $B_n = (1/e)\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} (k^n/k!)$, ...
4
votes
1answer
569 views

Best lower bound for off-diagonal Ramsey numbers

What are the current best lower bounds for off-diagonal Ramsey numbers $R(k,l)$ with $l$ of order unity and asking for asymptotic behavior for large $k$, such as $R(k,4)$, $R(k,5)$, and so on? ...
14
votes
6answers
3k views

Lower bounds for chromatic number of a graph

I am trying to find a good lower bound for chromatic number of one family of graphs. I'm curious what are the known lower bounds for chromatic number. There are two obvious: $\chi(G) \geq \omega(G)$ ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Proofs of Lower Bounds for Ramsey Numbers?

As a sort of dual question to this question, I am wondering what proofs people know of lower bounds on Ramsey numbers $R(k, k)$. I know of two proofs: there is Erdos's beautiful probabilistic ...