Topological vector space with a locally convex topology, i.e. induced by a system of seminorms.

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### Universal property of strong dual of lcs

I'm looking for a categorical explanation of the strong dual topology on $X'$ for $X$ being a locally convex space or, more generally, of the topology of bounded uniform convergence.
What I've ...

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168 views

### Compactly supported distributions as a projective G-module

For a Lie group $G$ and a locally convex space $V$ let $\mathcal{E}(G,V)$ be the locally convex space of smooth functions from $G$ to $V$, and accordingly $\mathcal{E}_c^\prime(G,V)$ the space of ...

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195 views

### Topology in space of test functions $\mathcal{D}(\Omega)$ and space of distributions $\mathcal{D}'(\Omega)$

We can concluded that $\mathcal{D}(\Omega):=\bigcup_{K \in \mathcal{K}(\Omega)} \mathcal{D}_K(\Omega)$ (where $\mathcal{K}(\Omega)$ denotes the union of all compacts set content in a open subset ...

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237 views

### Do Hausdorff locally convex inductive limits always exist?

The following is from Schaefer, "Topological Vector Spaces", 1999, p. 56/57:
Let $(E_\alpha)_{\alpha \in A}$ be a family of locally convex spaces with $\alpha$ in a directed poset $A$ and $h_{\beta ...

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126 views

### Generalization of standard convex problem

In standard convex programming, the objective function and each of the constraint inequalities are convex. in such case, if the KKT condition hold for a point, and Slater condition is also hold for ...

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132 views

### The dual of the space of smooth functions that vanish at infinity

Let $U \subset \Bbb R ^n$ be an open subset and let $\mathcal C$ be the space of the smooth functions on $U$ that vanish at infinity, endowed with the seminorms $p_\alpha (f) = \sup \limits _{x \in U} ...

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101 views

### Existence of a countable linear combination with positive coefficients

Consider a (Hausdorff and complete) locally convex topological vector space $V$ and a countable subset $(v_k)_{k=1}^\infty \subset V$ of non-zero vectors.
$(*)$ Under what conditions on this ...

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109 views

### Generalized functions on a product of two manifolds

Let $X,Y$ be smooth compact manifolds. Let $C^\infty(X)$ and $C^{-\infty}(X)$ denote the spaces of smooth and generalized functions on $X$ respectively. We have the obvious canonical linear map ...

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180 views

### Weak convergence of probability measures on weak versus strong dual

The space of temperate distributions $S'(\mathbb{R}^d)$ is often equipped with the weak-$\ast$ or with the strong topology. When defining the notion of a probability measure on $S'(\mathbb{R}^d)$, ...

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154 views

### Relation between locally convex calculus and Kriegl & Michor's “convenient setting”

I have a very general question regarding the book "Kriegl, Michor: The Convenient Setting of Global Analysis.":
Is the differential calculus of locally convex spaces (see here, for instance) ...

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126 views

### Restriction of derivations on $C^\infty(X)$

In 'Kriegl, Michor - A convenient setting for global infintite-dimensional analysis', they say that for an element $x$ in a convenient (i.e. Mackey-complete locally convex) space $X$, a bounded ...

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118 views

### Universal property of (k-fold) differential $d^k$

does the differential $d^k:C^\infty(U,\mathbb{R}) \to C^\infty(U,S^k(X)^*)$ for $U \subseteq X$ fulfill some kind of (strict) universal property under all '$k$-fold derivations' (you know what i ...

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145 views

### Restricted strong convexity for biconvex functions

Recently, it has been shown (arxiv paper) that non-convex functions with the restricted strong convexity (RSC) property has the interesting property that their local minima lie within a small ball of ...

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169 views

### Examples of topologies compatible with a given dual pair

Let $\langle X, Y \rangle$ be a pair of vector spaces put in duality by a non-degenerate bilinear form $\langle \cdot, \cdot \rangle: X \times Y \to \mathbb{R}$. A topology $\tau$ on $X$ is called ...

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268 views

### Is every Montel locally convex vector space compactly generated?

Let $X$ be a Hausdorff locally convex vector space. Recall (my reference is the book of H. Jarchow, Locally Convex Spaces. B.G. Teubner, 1981) that we say that $X$ is a semi-Montel space if every ...

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268 views

### Tensor product of certain Sobolev spaces on non-compact manifolds

Let $M$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold of bounded geometry (i.e., its injectivity radius is uniformly positive and the curvature tensor and all its covariant derivatives are bounded in ...

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150 views

### Topology for bounded operators quotiented by Schatten ideal

I saw this particular question on stackexchange. Since there has been zero answers and since I've been interested in this question myself I want to ask it here.
Given the $C^{\ast}$-algebra of bounded ...

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208 views

### Topology on the dual of a Frechet space

If $F$ is a Frechet space, is there any locally convex space topology on the dual
$F'$, such that for each local diffeomorphism $f$ from an open subset $U$ of $F$ to $F$,
the map $U \times F' ...

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286 views

### Sequential closure of a set: standard terminology, notation, and properties

Let $X$ be a topological vector space (or, perhaps, more generally uniform space). Let $A\subset X$ be a subset. Let $A^s$ denote the set of limits of all convergent sequences (I guess $A^s$ is called ...

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219 views

### Are functions of moderate growth a bornological space?

I was thinking a bit about distribution theory the last weeks and stumbled across the following question:
There are two natural locally convex topologies on the space of smooth functions of moderate ...

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429 views

### When sequentially continuous linear functional is continuous?

Let $C^\infty(X)$ denote the space of infinitely smooth functions on a compact manifold $X$ (at the beginning one may assume that $X$ is a circle, though I need a more general case). Let ...

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**1**answer

108 views

### Extending affine maps defined on weakly closed sets to the whole topological space

Given $C$ a weakly closed convex subset of a (real) Banach space $B$, with $0\in C$ and $\varphi:C\longrightarrow \mathbb{R}$ weakly continuous, with $\varphi(0)=0$, can we extend $\varphi$ to a ...

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196 views

### Linear operators on distributions with different topologies

Denote by $\mathscr{D}^\prime$ and $\mathscr{D}^\prime_b$ the space of distributions on $\mathbb{R}^n$ equipped with the weak and the strong topology, respectively. Because the topology of ...

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543 views

### Test functions with “wrong” topology not locally convex?

I didn't find it in any book, although it seems that this should be standard: Endow the space $C^\infty_c(\mathbb{R})$ of compactly supported functions with the inductive topology coming from the ...

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187 views

### Sufficient condition such that weak and initial topology coincide for a locally convex space

This is the opposite question to this one: Example of locally convex space such that its weak and initial topology coincide.
If we have a normed vector space $X$ than its norm topology and weak ...

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98 views

### Example of locally convex space such that its weak and initial topology coincide

If $X$ is a normed space than it is well known that its norm topology and its weak topology coincide if and only if $X$ is finite-dimensional.
Now I asked myself the same question about general ...

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399 views

### Interior of a dual cone

Let $K$ be a closed convex cone in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Its dual cone (which is also closed and convex) is defined by $K' = \{ \phi\ |\ \phi(x) \geq 0,\ \ \forall x \in K\}$.
I know that the interior of ...

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190 views

### Extending a Certain Result from Locally Convex Topological Vector Spaces to General Topological Vector Spaces

In this Math Stack Exchange post, I proved the following result.
Theorem: Let $ X $ be a locally convex topological vector space. Let $ x \in X $ and suppose that $ (x_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}} $ is ...

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529 views

### Pull-back of generalized functions

Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a smooth map between smooth manifolds. Then the pull-back operation
$f^*\colon C^\infty(Y)\to C^\infty(X)$ is a linear continuous operator when $C^\infty$ is equipped with the ...

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197 views

### Sequential continuity of linear operators

Let $u\colon L\to M$ be a linear map of locally convex linear topological vector spaces.
Assume that $u$ is sequentually continuous, i.e. maps convergent sequences to convergent ones.
(This notion is ...

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185 views

### closed subspaces of locally convex inductive limits

It's a duplicate of this question, since I really want to get an explanation.
Let $\left(V_{n},\phi_{n,n+1}\right)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ be an inductive sequence of LCTV spaces. A locally convex ...

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578 views

### Are smooth functions tame?

I know the article of Hamilton on the inverse function theorem of Nash and Moser (with the same title) where he proves that $C^\infty(M)$ is a tame Fréchet space, when $M$ is closed or compact with ...

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452 views

### Measurability of subspace of set of all functions

Set $X=\mathbb{R}^n$ and let $X^{I}$, the space of maps from the (bounded or unbounded) interval $I$ to $X$, be endowed with the locally convex topology of pointwise convergence.
Is it true that the ...

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357 views

### Hahn-Banach restricted to a pre-dual

If $V$ is a locally convex topological space, the Hahn-Banach theorem shows that a continuous linear functional on a closed subspace can be extended to a continuous linear functional on all of $V$, ...

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557 views

### finding the most-isolated point in a high-dimensional cube

I have a set of points {$x_1,\ldots,x_n$} located in the d-dimensional unit cube $[0,1]^d$. $n$ is about 1000 and $d$ is about 25. I'd like to find
$\max_{\omega\in [0,1]^d}\min_{i=1,\ldots,n} ...

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289 views

### Entire calculus and clmc algebras

If $\mathcal{A}$ is a complete locally convex (Hausdorff) associative unital algebra (over $\mathbb{C}$) one is interested in defining "transcendental" functions of a given algebra element $a \in ...

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441 views

### The space $H(D)$ of holomorphic functions.

A very natural example of a nuclear Montel space is the space $H(D)$ of all holomorphic functions on the open disc topologized by the family of seminorms
$$p_n(f)=\sup\{|f(z)|\colon |z|\leq ...

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235 views

### Adjoint operators in LCS

Before my main question let me start with the following notions.
Let $X$ and $Y$ be locally convex spaces and let $T \colon X \rightarrow Y$ be a linear mapping. The adjoint of $T$ is an operator
...

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345 views

### Metrizable dual space

I've got the following questions concerning the theory of locally convex spaces :
Let $X$ be a locally convex metrizable space, what is the necessary and sufficient condition to have its dual $X^*$ ...

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272 views

### Are affine continuous functions on Bauer sub-simplices of the probability measures given by integration over continuous functions?

Let $X$ be a compact (non-metrizable) Hausdorff space and $\mathcal{P}(X)$ the set of Radon probability measures with
weak-$*$ topology (weak topology induced by the continuous functions).
Consider a ...

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215 views

### “L^2_loc mod constants” as a reflexive space

In an article of Sten Kaijser ("A note on dual Banach spaces") I find the assertion that $E = L^2_{\text{loc}}({\mathbb R})$ modulo constants is a reflexive space.
Question 1: which is the ...

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548 views

### Example of noncomplete quotient of complete lcs mod closed subspace

The following statement is well-known: for a Fréchet space $V$ and a closed subspace $W \subseteq V$ the quotient $V / W$ is again complete and hence a Fréchet space. For the particular case of a ...

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1k views

### Borel Lemma for vector-valued functions

The classical Borel Lemma states that for an arbitrary sequence $(v_n)_{n \in \mathbb{N}_0}$ of complex numbers there is a smooth function $f\colon \mathbb{R} \longrightarrow \mathbb{C}$ with Taylor ...