**114**

votes

**0**answers

9k views

### Ultrafilters and automorphisms of the complex field

It is well-known that it is consistent with $ZF$ that the only automorphisms of the complex field $\mathbb{C}$ are the identity map and complex conjugation. For example, we have that ...

**26**

votes

**0**answers

873 views

### Concerning the various proofs from the axiom of choice that R^3 admits of surprising geometrical decompositions into circles, skew lines and so on: can we prove in any instance that there are no Borel such decompositions? Or that AC is required?

This question follows up on a comment I made on Joseph O'Rourke's
recent question, one of several questions here on mathoverflow
concerning surprising geometric partitions of space using the axiom
of ...

**24**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Peano Arithmetic and the Field of Rationals

In 1949 Julia Robinson showed the undecidability of the first order theory of the field of rationals by demonstrating that the set of natural numbers $\Bbb{N}$ is first order definable in $(\Bbb{Q}, ...

**20**

votes

**0**answers

795 views

### Godel on recursion-theoretic hierarchies

At the end of his excellent article, "The Emergence of Descriptive Set Theory" (http://math.bu.edu/people/aki/2.pdf), Kanamori writes:
"Another mathematical eternal return: Toward the end of his ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

328 views

### Decidability of equality of elementary expressions

In the following definition the term expression is to be understood as a finite tree built from formal symbols without any predefined meaning assigned to them.
Define the set $\mathcal{E}$ of ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

693 views

### Supercompact and Reinhardt cardinals without choice

A friend of mine and I ran into the following question while reading about proper forcing, and have been unable to resolve it:
Definition. A cardinal $\kappa$ is supercompact if for all ordinals ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

346 views

### Are there lightweight foundations for arbitrarily extendable objects?

My experience with foundations is rather scant, but I've run into some types of objects that seem to resist the sort of set-theoretic encoding schemes via Kurowski tuples that are rather common for ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

446 views

### Dual Borel conjecture in Laver's model

A set $X\subseteq 2^\omega$
of reals is of strong measure zero (smz) if $X+M\not=2^\omega$
for every meager set $M$. (This is a theorem of Galvin-Mycielski-Solovay,
but for the question I am going to ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

414 views

### Density of first-order definable sets in a directed union of finite groups

This is a generalization of the following question by John Wiltshire-Gordon.
Consider an inductive family of finite groups:
$$
G_0 \hookrightarrow G_1 \hookrightarrow \ldots \hookrightarrow G_i ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

344 views

### If all reals are generic, is the set of reals generic?

Let $W\subseteq V$ be two models of $\sf ZFC$ with the same ordinals. Is the following situation consistent:
For every $x\in\Bbb R^V$ there is some $P_x\in W$ such that for some $G\subseteq P_x$ ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

387 views

### Souslin trees on the first inaccessible cardinal

This may be well-known or simply deducible from the existing theorems, but I didn't find an answer in my set theory books:
Is there a model of $ZFC$ in which there are no $\kappa$-Souslin trees where ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

351 views

### Relative consistency of ETCS over the theory of a well-pointed topos with NNO

Gödel's well-known proof of the implication $Con(ZF) \Rightarrow Con(ZFC)$ used the construction of the inner model $L$ in $ZF$ to get a model of $ZFC$ (and in fact much more). However such a ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

521 views

### Antichains of Cardinals in ZF Without Choice…

With the Axiom of Choice, the cardinals form a nice linearly ordered "set". In the absence of the Axiom of Choice, the cardinals form a partially ordered "set". Broadly, I am wondering what ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

235 views

### Computability of Brauer groups

A friend of mine and I were talking about computable algebra, and this question came up. The answer may already be known, but I couldn't find it with Google:
Suppose I have a countable field, $k$. ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

552 views

### Souslin trees and weakly compact cardinals

In Souslin trees on the first inaccessible cardinal it is asked if it is consistent that there are no $\kappa-$Souslin trees at the least inaccessible cardinal $\kappa$.
In this question I would like ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

570 views

### Does ZF prove that topological groups are completely regular?

Let $\mathbf{G} = \langle G,\cdot,\mathcal{T}\;\rangle$ be a topological group. Let $\mathbf{e}$ be the identity element of $\langle G,\cdot \rangle$.
Assume $\{\mathbf{e}\}$ is closed in $\langle ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

278 views

### Do all linear orders in this class have computable copies?

This is a question which has been bothering me now for quite some time. I've talked to a number of people about it, and we've shown that a few basic ideas can't work, but other than that haven't made ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

375 views

### Does every Aronszajn tree has a Suslin or a Special subtree?

Question: Does every $\omega_1$-Aronszajn tree contains a Suslin sub-tree or a special Aronszajn sub-tree?
Recall that Suslin trees are $\omega_1$-trees (trees of height $\omega_1$, and countable ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

374 views

### Hrushovski's Construction

Zilber expressed a conjecture for $\aleph_{1}$- categorical theories.(In 80s)
Zilber's Conjecture: The geometry of any $\aleph_{1}$- categorical structure is one of the following:
a) Trivial (No ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### Savings property: A transformation which turns nonnegative martingales into uniformly integrable ones

Background
I work in a subfield of computability theory called algorithmic randomness. We have been using martingales as long as probability theory (going back to work of von Mises). However, since ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

624 views

### Can a model of $V\neq L$ contain a class giving the $L$-ordering on all its sets?

This question is inspired by the excellent question by Douglas Ulrich When is $L$-Rank definable in inner models of $V=L$?
Suppose $M \in L$ is a countable model of $ZFC$, and furthermore suppose $M ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

259 views

### How to measure the strength of Zermelo over bounded Zermelo?

Bounded Zermelo is Zermelo set theory with only bounded separation. It has the same strength as simple type theory or MacLane set theory or ETCS. It is a finitely axiomatized fragment of Zermelo, so ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

508 views

### Two-cardinal diamond principles and saturation of the nonstationary ideal

In the paper "Stationary reflection and the club filter", the author Masahiro Shioya says that the club filter on $P_{\omega_1}(\lambda)$ cannot be $2^\lambda$-saturated for $\lambda > \omega_1$, ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

556 views

### Minimal resources for Undecidability of First-Order Logic: the number of variables

It is well-known that First-Order Logic (FO) with a full vocabulary (i.e., a countable numbers of unary predicate symbols, a countable number of binary predicate symbols, etc.) is undecidable. And it ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

138 views

### Can Gentzen-style proofs give omega-consistency and beyond?

In 1936, Gentzen famously showed that Primitive Recursive Arithmetic, plus the assumption that the ordinal $\epsilon_0$ is well-founded, is able to prove Con(PA). But of course, Con(PA) doesn't yet ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

245 views

### cardinals below the critical point of a generic embedding

This may be an easy question. Are the cardinals below the critical point of a precipitous ideal embedding always absolute between the generic ultrapower and the generic extension?
To focus on the ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### Maximality of linear orders in the Keisler order on theories

Recently Malliaris and Shelah (see their preprint http://math.uchicago.edu/~mem/Malliaris-Shelah-CST.pdf) have shown that theories with $SOP_2$ are maximal in the Keisler order. A preceding result of ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

470 views

### Can one exhibit an explicit Kuratowski infinite set without invoking Replacement?

The customary formulation of the Axiom of Infinity within Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory asserts the existence of an inductive set: a set $ I$ with $\varnothing\in I$ such that $x\in I$ implies ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

451 views

### Diagonal lemma from recursion theorem?

Does Gödel's diagonal lemma follow from Kleene's recursion theorem? I believe the converse is true, by an argument like the following.
Let e ↦ θe be a bijection between ω and ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Reverse mathematics strength of identically zero polynomials are the zero polynomial

According to wikipedia, the statement "every polynomial over a countable field that is not the zero polynomial has only finitely many roots" is equivalent to RCA0 over RCA0* (which is called ERCA-0 in ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

615 views

### Does Fermat hold in non-standard models?

Let $n \geq 3$ be a natural number and $PA$ denote Peano arithmetic. Do we have
$PA \models \forall x,y,z \geq 1 : x^n + y^n \neq z^n$?
In other words, does Fermat's Last Theorem hold also in ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

375 views

### To what extent does (co)homology of groups made discrete depend on set theory?

There's a well-known paper by Milnor, "On the homology of Lie groups made discrete," that discusses the relation between the homology of a Lie group $G$ and the underlying discrete group $G^\delta$. ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### Reverse mathematics of meromorphic functions on Riemann surfaces

Various sources touch briefly on the reverse mathematics of measure theory and complex analysis. But I have found none on the uniformization theorem for Riemann surfaces or the existence of ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

380 views

### Existence of a regular subposet which collapses everything except the top cardinal

Suppose $\delta$ is an inaccessible cardinal, and $\mathbb{P}$ is the Levy Collapse $\text{Col}(\kappa, \delta)$ which adds a surjection from $\kappa \to \delta$ (for some regular $\kappa < ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

268 views

### What is the simplest known arithmetic definition of exponentiation?

For $n$ a natural number, let $E_n$ denote the set of bounded arithmetic formulas consisting of n alternating blocks of bounded quantifiers starting with an existential quantifier, followed by a ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

253 views

### Various definitions of recursion from ordinal machines

Background: I'm trying to get an intuitive understanding of α-recursion and related concepts in higher recursion theory. Once nice book is Peter Hinman's Recursion-Theoretic Hierarchies, available ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

459 views

### Existence (or non) of “definable” ultrafilters

This is a question which I suspect has an absurdly easy answer, but I'm not seeing it.
Let $\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle:\omega^2\rightarrow\omega$ be your favorite pairing map (for me, this is the ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

177 views

### full support iteration of semiproper forcings

Suppose $\langle P_\alpha,\dot{Q}_\alpha:\alpha\leq\omega_1\rangle$ is a full support iteration of (semi)proper forcings. Is the full limit $P_{\omega_1}$ (semi)proper or at least stationary set ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

176 views

### Main Gap Phenomenon

Shelah's Main Gap Theorem states that for all first-order, complete theories, T, in a countable language, we have that either $$I(T,\aleph_\alpha)=2^{\aleph_\alpha}$$ or ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

237 views

### From Frege to Gödel - German equivalent?

I know this question does not quite fit here, but I felt it could best be answered here. I recently stumbled upon the book From Frege to Gödel, which is a sourcebook containing some of the most ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

299 views

### “Hard” separation results in reverse mathematics (or similar)

This is a fairly broad question. In particular, I specify 5 questions (Q1, Q2.1, Q2.2, Q3, Q4) which for me all fall under one umbrella. Since this is unreasonably broad, I'm really interested in an ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### A Magnus theorem in the category of residually finite groups

There is a natural notion of a presentations in the category of residually finite groups. Namely, if $X$ is set and $R$ is a set of words in the free group $FG(X)$ on $X$, then define $G=RF\langle ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

291 views

### Using Lindstrom's theorem to prove Craig interpolation

[EDIT: The theorem I call "Beth definability" below is apparently not generally called that (wikipedia notwithstanding; see http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/288450/two-forms-of-beths-theorem). ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

259 views

### Automorphism group of the Turing degrees

It is conjectured that the automorphism group of the Turing degrees, $Aut(\mathcal{D})$, is trivial. However, to the best of my knowledge, the current state-of-the-art is that $Aut(\mathcal{D})$ is ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

257 views

### Forcing to “minimally” add new reals.

Suppose that I want to force to add a "single" new subset of $\omega$ and not much else. For example, consider the Cohen forcing consisting of finite partial functions from $\omega$ to 2. The forcing ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

527 views

### Does Urysohn's Lemma imply Dependent Choice?

It's widely known$^{1}$ that in the proof of Urysohn's Lemma (UL) one uses the Principle of Dependent Choice (DC). Inspired by the equivalence between DC and Baire's Category Theorem$^{2}$, I'd like ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Is there a chess position equivalent to the Collatz conjecture?

Suppose we have an infinite board with a finite number of chess pieces. The question is whether white can checkmate black (without the after 50 moves it is a draw rule). Can you give an explicit ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

247 views

### What are the logical morphisms from a topos E to Set?

If $E$ is a topos, is there a nice way to characterize the category of logical morphisms $E\to Set$? Is it complete and/or cocomplete?
The topos $Set$ geometrically represents a point; what does it ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

293 views

### What is known of the reverse math of Riemann-Roch?

I hope this is not too trivial, but I think this may be well known to someone (not me).

**7**

votes

**0**answers

420 views

### Has anyone pursued Frege's idea of numbers as second-order concepts?

Gottlob Frege was a pivotal figure in the history of mathematical logic. He gave an analysis of numbers that proceeded along roughly the following lines, in his books "The Foundations of Arithmetic" ...