# Tagged Questions

**7**

votes

**2**answers

443 views

### What is the name of this type of groups?

Suppose $A$ is a finite set and $\Sigma=A\cup A^{-1}$. Let $L\subseteq \Sigma^{\ast}$ be a regular language on the alphabet $\Sigma$. Is there a common name for the group $G$ presented as:
$$G=\langle ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

121 views

### Algebras admitting quantifier elimination

I apologize if this question is meaningless or trivial:
What are examples of Algebras admitting quantifier elimination? Especially are there Groups admitting quantifier elimination?
I need to say ...

**24**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### A preprint of Sela concerning the work of Kharlampovich-Miyasnikov

Yesterday, Z. Sela published a preprint in arXiv which claims that the solution of Olga Kharlampovich and Alexi Miyasnikov for the Tarski problem on decidablity of the first order theories of free ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Why the axiomatic rank of the variety of groups is equal to three?

I am thankful of Anton Klyachko who introduced axiomatic rank to me: the axiomatic rank of a variety is the minimum number of variables which we need to define that variety by identities.
It seems ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

128 views

### Negated varieties and their relatively free algebras

During the past days, I asked some questions in order to gain a clear understanding of the notion of "free algebras". I suppose that the question below is the most clear image of the concept I have ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

242 views

### The existence of an algebra whose set of identities and first order theory are equivalent

Is there an algebra $A$ (for example a group) such that $Th(A)$ is logically equivalent to $id(A)$? In other words, is there an algebra $A$ such that
$$
Mod(Th(A))=Var(A)?
$$
Clearly finite algebras ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### relatively free groups in $Var(S_3)$

Suppose $S_3$ is the symmetric group of order 6. Which elements of the variety $Var(S_3)$ are relatively free?
This question is related to my previous question
Relatively free algebras in a variety ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Hilbert's 10th problem and nilpotent groups

I am asking this question on behalf of a colleague of mine who does not have an MO account. Nevertheless I am also interested in the answer.
The question concerns relationships between Hilbert's ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### A Magnus theorem in the category of residually finite groups

There is a natural notion of a presentations in the category of residually finite groups. Namely, if $X$ is set and $R$ is a set of words in the free group $FG(X)$ on $X$, then define $G=RF\langle ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

308 views

### First-order axiomatization of free groups

Is there a way to axiomatize [non-abelian] free groups in first-order logic using the language of groups (which contains the binary operation symbol $\cdot$, and the constant symbol $e$)?
Is there ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### A “mother of all groups”? What kind of structures have “mother of all”s?

For ordered fields, we have a “mother of all ordered fields”, the surreal numbers $\mathbf{No}$, a proper-class “field” which includes (an isomorphic copy of) every other ordered field as a subfield. ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

247 views

### Automorphism group of the Turing degrees

It is conjectured that the automorphism group of the Turing degrees, $Aut(\mathcal{D})$, is trivial. However, to the best of my knowledge, the current state-of-the-art is that $Aut(\mathcal{D})$ is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Free ultrafilters on groups and irregularity

Hello,
Let $G$ be an infinite finitely generated discrete group. I call an infinite set $S$ irregular iff for every $g\in G$, $g\neq 1$, we have that $S\cap gS$ is finite. For example ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### A categorical framework for Freiman s-morphisms

Let $\mathfrak A_i$ be groups ($i = 1, 2$), written multiplicatively, and $s$ a non-negative integer (here, as usual, I am abusing notation and denoting the operations of $\mathfrak A_1$ and ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### Original source for the undecidabity of the first order theory of finite dimensional representations of the free algebra on 2 generators

Many books and papers on the representation theory of finite dimensional algebras state that the first order theory for finite dimensional modules for the free algebra on two generators is undecidable ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### Membership problem for cyclic subgroups

Question: is there any example of a finitely presented (or at least finitely generated) group $G$ with an infinite cyclic subgroup $C \leqslant G$ such that the word problem in $G$ is solvable but ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

403 views

### Amenability and ultrafilters

Among hundreds of equivalent definitions of amenability (for discrete, countable, groups), I would like to discuss two which are most common:
A1. A group $G$ is amenable if it admits a Folner ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Universe-sized groups with only set-sized normal subgroups, their cardinality in a certain range

Let $\kappa$ be an inaccessible cardinal, and let $G$ be a group with $|G| \geq \kappa$. For any cardinal $\lambda \le \kappa$ (regular, say, but not necessary), say $G$ is $\lambda$-simple if for all ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

388 views

### For the symmetric group on an infinite set, is there a generating set of strictly smaller cardinality? [closed]

Let $S_{\kappa}$ denote the symmetric group on some set of cardinality $\kappa$. Does there exist a generating set $X \subset S_{\kappa}$ such that $|X| < |S_{\kappa}|$ ($\stackrel{?}{=} ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

721 views

### Is there a non-Hopfian lacunary hyperbolic group?

The question's in the title and is easily stated, but let me try to give some details and explain why I'm interested. First, a disclaimer: if the answer's not already somewhere in the literature then ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

914 views

### Is it decidable whether or not a collection of integer matrices generates a free group?

Suppose we have integer matrices $A_1,\ldots,A_n\in\operatorname{GL}(n,\mathbb Z)$. Define $\varphi:F_n\to\operatorname{GL}(n,\mathbb Z)$ by $x_i\mapsto A_i$. Is there an algorithm to decide whether ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

720 views

### Cherlin's “Main Conjecture”

Cherlin's "Main Conjecture" from his 1979 paper "Groups of Small Morley Rank" is the following: Every simple $\omega$-stable group is an algebraic group over an algebraically closed field. Zilber was ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

560 views

### (Dis)similarity between groups and Lie algebras

There are many questions which sound similar or the same for groups and Lie algebras. Some (very few, actually) of those questions have identical solutions and answers. Some have identical answers but ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

728 views

### What is the largest Laver table which has been computed?

Richard Laver proved that there is a unique binary operation $*$ on $\{1,\ldots,2^n\}$ which satisfies $$a*1 \equiv a+1 \mod 2^n$$
$$a* (b* c) = (a* b) * (a * c).$$
This is the $n$th Laver table ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

401 views

### Density of first-order definable sets in a directed union of finite groups

This is a generalization of the following question by John Wiltshire-Gordon.
Consider an inductive family of finite groups:
$$
G_0 \hookrightarrow G_1 \hookrightarrow \ldots \hookrightarrow G_i ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### What is known about the ultra-inverse limit?

Given a nonprincipal ultrafilter $\mu$ on $\mathbb{N}$ and a sequence of groups $G_i$, one can define its ultraproduct as:
$$ ^*\prod_{i\in \mathbb{N}}G_i:=\{(x_i)_{i \in \mathbb{N}}| x_i\in ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

713 views

### Construction of a proper uncountable subgroup of $\mathbb{R}$ without Choice.

It is straightforward to construct proper uncountable subgroups of $\mathbb{R}$. One can construst a basis for $\mathbb{R}$ over $\mathbb{Q}$, and then there are many possibilities (just consider the ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

421 views

### Which finitely presented groups can be distinguished by decidable properties?

This question continues the line of inquiry
of these
three
questions.
Question. Which finitely presented groups can be
distinguished by decidable properties?
To be precise, let us say that φ is ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

726 views

### Does every decidable question about finitely presented groups amount to a question about abelian groups?

This question is about an issue left unresolved by Chad
Groft's excellent
question and
John Stillwell's excellent
answer of
it. Since I find the possibility of an affirmative answer
so tantalizing, I ...

**18**

votes

**5**answers

940 views

### Is any interesting question about a group G decidable from a presentation of G?

We say that a group G is in the class Fq if there is a CW-complex which is a BG (that is, which has fundamental group G and contractible universal cover) and which has finite q-skeleton. Thus F0 ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

655 views

### An ubiquitous pattern of questions

There is an ubiquitous pattern of questions concerning assumedly any kind of mathematical object or structure: groups, graphs, numbers, categories, and so on. It goes like this (informally):
Can a ...

**38**

votes

**5**answers

4k views

### Which graphs are Cayley graphs?

Every group presentation determines the corresponding Cayley graph, which has a node for each group element, and arrows labeled with the generators to get from one group element to another.
My main ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### How bad can the recursive properties of finitely presented groups be?

Any finitely presented group naturally gives rise to an edge-labeled graph (the Cayley graph) and I am considering paths through this graph. Paths correspond to infinite sequences of generators, so ...

**52**

votes

**3**answers

5k views

### Does every non-empty set admit a group structure (in ZF)?

It is easy to see that in ZFC, any non-empty set $S$ admits a group structure: for finite $S$ identify $S$ with a cyclic group, and for infinite $S$, the set of finite subsets of $S$ with the binary ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

523 views

### elementary equivalence of infinitary symmetric groups

Two questions:
Suppose a and b are two uncountable cardinals. Consider the symmetric groups on sets of sizes a and b respectively (the symmetric group on a set is the group of all bijections from ...