**21**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Classification of PDE

Recently I have been attending a course on PDE's. I was totally ignorant of the subject and wasn't that motivated to be honest. But I was intrigued and felt I had to take the course seriously both for ...

**14**

votes

**11**answers

5k views

### Textbooks for PDE between Strauss and Folland

Walter A. Strauss's Partial Differential Equations: An Introduction is a classic PDE textbook for the undergraduate students. While Folland's Introduction to Partial Differential Equations, is a nice ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

770 views

### Regularity of the Maxwell equations

As is well-known, the Maxwell equations can be phrased vectorially as,
\begin{align}
\nabla \cdot \mathbf E &= \frac{\rho_f}{\varepsilon}, &\text{Gauss's law,}\\\
\nabla \cdot \mathbf ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

4k views

### Physical Interpretation of Robin Boundary Conditions

In a (bounded) domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, if we're studying the Laplace equation or heat equation or such PDE's we can impose the Dirichlet
$u|_{\partial\Omega} \equiv 0$,
Neumann
$D_{\nu} ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

374 views

### Special Second-Order PDE

Let $\Phi$ be a given smooth function on a neighborhood of zero in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with
$$\Phi(0) = 0, ~~~~D \Phi(0) = 0, ~~~~ D^2\Phi(0) >0,$$
the latter meaning that the Hessian is positive ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

207 views

### Evolution operator for a linear parabolic equation

Let $A(t)$ be a smooth family of positive definite operators on a Hilbert space $H$. Consider the operator
$$D:= \frac{d}{dt}+A(t)$$
and let $U(t):H\to H$ be the evolution operator, i.e., $U(0)=I$ and ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Failure of Fredholm property of elliptic PDE systems

Roughly speaking, a PDE operator satisfies the Fredholm property if its principal symbol is elliptic and the information provided on the boundary satisfies the Shapiro-Lopatinskii condition.
What can ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE

I saw several papers that without proof accept the fact "Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE" is there any affirmative proof of this fact?
in which book we have this fact, the number of ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

362 views

### Fredholm alternative result for general elliptic system?

Now I have known that Fredholm alternative result is valid for the strong elliptic system. But I'm not sure that is it still valid for the general elliptic system, in which the second-order heading ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Mountain Pass theorem for minimization problems with constraints

Let $I[u]$ be a functional on a (possibly infinite dimensional) Hilbert space. Then, under some conditions, the Mountain Pass theorem guarantees the existence of a saddle point (see ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

193 views

### Does hypoellipticity imply the existence of a parametrix?

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold, like $\mathbb{R}^n$ for instance. The existence of a parametrix for an operator $P$ on $C^\infty(M)$ in any reasonable pseudodifferential calculus implies that $P$ is ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

357 views

### Regularity of solutions to a linear degenerate parabolic pde

I've encountered the following problem which is causing me some trouble :
Let $(M^2,g)$ be a smooth compact Riemannian surface (with constant curvature for instance) and consider a smooth function ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

890 views

### Analytical solution to a Linear advection-reaction PDE

I am looking for an analytical solution for the linear PDE
$(1)\qquad\qquad \qquad f_t+ A f_x + B f = 0, $
Where $A$ and $B$ are constant matrices and $f=f(x,t)$ is a vector.
Clearly each one of ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

327 views

### Uniform bound on the eigenfunctions of the Laplacian

Is it possibly to have $L_\infty$ bounds on the eigenfunctions of the Laplacian operator on bounded regular domains with Dirichlet condition? I found several papers by Sogge but these are pretty ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

185 views

### Bounded input Bounded output stability for heat equation

This is a cross-post from Computational Science.
I am interested in proving or obtaining a counterexample to the following conjecture.
Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^d$ be a bounded open domain. Let ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Reference request: Optimal $L^p$-decay for nonhomogenous heat equation in $\mathbb R^d$

Let $u$ be a classical solution for the nonhomogeneous heat equation in $\mathbb R_+ \times\mathbb R^d$:
$$
\begin{cases}
\partial_tu(t,x)-\Delta u(t,x) = f(t,x), \\
u(0,x)=u_0(x).
\end{cases}
$$
...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

350 views

### Lax Pairs for Linear PDEs

I'm trying to understand the discussion around equation (2.1) of the paper http://www.jstor.org/stable/53053. It says that the linear PDE $M(\partial_x,\partial_y)q=0$ with constant coefficients has ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

224 views

### Well-posedness of Fokker-Planck equation

Consider the following equation on $[0,T]\times\mathbb{R}^n$
\begin{eqnarray}
&\partial_t\rho=\mathrm{div}(\rho\nabla V)+\Delta\rho\\
&\rho|_{t=0}=\rho^0,
\end{eqnarray}
where $V\in ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

236 views

### Recognizing Schwartz regular distributions

Are there characterizations of Schwartz regular distributions other than being locally integrable (which does not lend itself to easy manipulations)?
To be more detailed: if I want to show that some ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

364 views

### Structure of sign changes under the heat flow

Let $f$ be a smooth function on $R^2$, and define $N_f$ to be the set of points $p$ such that the nodal set of $f$ ($\{x\in R^2: f(x)=0\}$) divided every neighborhood of $p$ into four regions. Indeed, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### Are smooth solutions to a PDE dense in the space of $L^2$ solutions to the PDE?

Let's say I have a linear differential operator $P$ with smooth coefficients between bundles $E$ and $F$ over a smooth compact manifold $X$ with smooth boundary. Let's consider $P$ as an operator ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

416 views

### Feynman-Kac theorem: probabilistic proof of existence of solution to parabolic PDE

Friedman (in his book: PDEs of Parabolic Type) shows how to construct a solution to the Cauchy problem
$$
\partial_t u(t,x) = b(x) \partial_x u(t,x) + \frac{1}{2} \sigma(x)^2 \partial_{x,x} u(t,x)
$$
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

220 views

### hodographic transformation

Let $\phi(x,t)$ be smooth function.
Let $\zeta= x-t$ and $\eta= x+t$. $u=\phi_\zeta$, $v= \phi_\eta$.
Let $u$, $v$ satisfies following equations:
1-
$$u_\eta- v_\zeta= 0$$
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

474 views

### Analytic solution of a system of linear, hyperbolic, first order, partial differential equations

In a try to solve a physical problem, I've faced a system of first-order partial differential equations of the form
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

73 views

### Regularity up to the boundary for the Poisson problem

It seems that the following assertion is widely accepted:
For $k\in\mathbb N$, $p\geq 2$, $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$ bounded with $\partial\Omega\in C^{k+2}$ and $f\in W^{k,p}(\Omega)$, the weak ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

204 views

### Solution to Schrödinger equation

I asked this question already on stackexchange, but I did not get any resonance at all, so maybe anybody here can give me a few hints about my problem.
My goal is to solve this PDE for $f:[-1,1] ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

555 views

### Numerical solution to diffusion-like equation with negative diffusion coefficient region?

I am trying to numerically solve the initial value problem (see later discussion for ICs)
$$ x \frac{\partial f}{\partial t} = \frac{\partial}{\partial x} (1-x^2) \frac{\partial f}{\partial x} - f$$
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### Please recommend some literature on the systematical theory of the elliptic systems!

Now I'm interested in the theory of elliptic systems, for example, both the linear and nonlinear case, the exsitence and regularity results, and is there a Fredholm alternative result for the linear ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Elliptic regularity for two dimensional domains

Suppose $ \Omega$ is a smooth bounded domain in $ R^2$. I am interested in the regularity of solutions to
$$-\Delta u(x) = f(x) \mbox{ in } \Omega$$ with $ u=0$ on $ \partial \Omega$.
If $ f \in ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Gradient estimate for elliptic equation

Given:
1)a bounded domain $\Omega$ in $\mathbb R^n$ of class $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$
2) the function $f\in L^{\infty}(\Omega)$ with $\int_{\Omega} f=0$
3)$g=(g_i,\ldots,g_n)\in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### How do solutions of a PDE depend on parameters?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded smooth domain and $\sigma_1,\sigma_2:\Omega\to(c^{-1},c)$ measurable (for some constant $1<c<\infty$).
Let $f\in ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

130 views

### Does “solutions of an $n$-th order ODE form an $n$-dimensional vector space” somehow generalise to PDEs?

It is well known that the set of solutions $u:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ of an $n$-th order, linear, homogeneous ordinary differential equation
$$a_n(x)\frac{d^n u}{dx^n}+\dots + ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

229 views

### Heat equation and evolution of number of critical points

Let $u_0$ be a smooth function on the unit sphere $S^1$ and assume that $u(t,x)$ is a smooth solution of the heat equation with initial data $u(0,x)=u_0(x)$. How one can apply the maximum principle to ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

131 views

### Let $\mathrm{div}\,(A\,\mathrm{grad}\,u) + b u = f$. Is $(A\,\mathrm{grad}\,u)$ weakly differentiable?

Let us consider the basic linear elliptic PDE
$$
\mathrm{div} (A\,\mathrm{grad}\,u) + bu = f,
$$
with $f\in L^p,$ $A,b$ uniformly bounded. Do we have, for a weak solution $u\in W^{1,p}(\Omega')$,
$$
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

622 views

### Stochastic Heat Equation

Given the heat equation:
$$\partial_{t}{\varPhi(x,t)}=k^2\partial_{xx}{\varPhi(x,t)}$$
with the boundary conditions:
$$\Phi(x,0)=\Phi_0$$
and a Neumann boundary condition of the kind:
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

648 views

### Long time behavior of the heat equation on R

Let $\mu\in\mathcal{S}'(R)$ be a Schwartz distribution. The solution of a heat equation with $\mu$ as the initial data is
$$
u(t,x)= \int_R \frac{e^{-\frac{(x-y)^2}{2t}}}{\sqrt{2\pi t}} \mu(d y)
$$
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### To give an estimate for the maximal function associated to the Schrödinger group by using a measurable selector function

I am consulting some papers (references below) about the Carleson's problem for the pointwise convergence of the Schrödinger group
\begin{equation}
S_t=e^{i t \Delta}.
\end{equation}
In this context ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Uniqueness of weak solutions of a heat equation

Let $M$ be a smooth compact closed manifold.
Let $u \in H^1(0,T;H^{-1}(M)) \cap L^2(0,T;H^1(M))$ be a solution of
$$u_t - \Delta u - u = 0$$
$$u(0)=u(T)$$
satisfying $\int_M u(t) = 0$ for all $t$. Is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

316 views

### Upper bounds for the solution of an elliptic PDE depending on a parameter.

Suppose I have the following PDE on $[0,1]^n$
$$\mathcal{L}u = -\nabla \cdot \left(a(x, r)\nabla u\right) = f(x,r), \qquad x\in [0,1]^n,$$
with periodic boundary conditions and $\int f(x) dx =0$ . ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Laplace Equation with Tangential Derivative Prescribed on the Boundary [closed]

I asked this question on MSE. However, I didn't get good answers there so I am seeking for it here. :)
Consider the following Laplace boundary value problem (BVP)
$$\matrix{
{{\nabla ^2}\Phi ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

183 views

### Regularity of solution to Fokker Planck equation

Suppose that $\rho \in L^1(\mathbb{R}^n \times (0,T))$ for every $T < \infty$ is a weak solution of the PDE
\begin{align}
\partial_t\rho &= \Delta \rho + \text{div}(\rho\nabla\Psi(x))\\
\rho(t ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### How can one do change of variables for solutions to a staochastic partial differential equation?

isHow can one do change of variables for solutions to a staochastic partial differential equation? For example, let us consider the following stochastic transport equation:
$$
dy(t,x) + y_x(t,x) + ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

298 views

### well-posedness of the transport equation

I asked this question before on math exchange but did not have any luck with an answer. I would like to consider a simple example but get a thorough understanding of the theory behind it. I am ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Quadratic forms over symmetric $3\times3$ matrices

This question is motivated by a technique called compensated compactness (CC), which was elaborated by L. Tartar and F. Murat for the analysis of PDEs. The foreword of CC is a problem about quadratic ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

381 views

### Boundary regularity of the solution to the Beltrami equation

Hello, this question might sound a little vague, but I still dare to state , and I am basically requesting for some reference:
Let us consider the orientation-preserving homeomorphic solutions $f: D ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Does this PDE only have the trivial solution?

Let $(M,g)$ be a closed Einstein manifold of dimension $m>2$ and
$$
\mathrm{Ricc}(g)=\lambda g,
$$
$h$ a symmetric $2$-covariant tensor, $\Delta=\nabla^*\nabla$ the Laplacian on functions as well ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

342 views

### Method of characteristics of a system of first order pdes

I asked the question on math.stackexchange.com, but didn't get any reply. So, I asked it again here. Any suggestion or hint is welcome, and thank you for your attention.
Consider the system of first ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

169 views

### Some Questions from Reading on Wave Front Set from Hormander's Linear PDE Vol. 1

In Hormander's Linear PDE Vol. 1 (pg 252-253, before the definition of wave front set is introduced), Lemma $8.1.1$ says that if $\phi \in C_{0}^{\infty}$ and $v \in \mathcal{E}^{\prime}$, then ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Tempered distribution solution to a simple PDE

Let's consider the following PDE in $\mathbb R^d$ :
$$\frac{\partial^d u}{\partial x_1...\partial x_d}=f$$
where $f$ is a tempered distribution with support in $\mathbb R^d_+$. There is a result by ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### The centralizer of Lienard equation

Consider the lienard vector field $\cases{
x'=y -F(x) \\
y'=-x }
$ in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$, where $F$ is a polynomial fuction with $F(0)=0$. Assume that $Y$ is a smooth vector field globally defined ...