Questions about linear partial differential equations. Often used in combination with the top-level tag ap.analysis-of-pdes.

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2
votes
1answer
210 views

Pseudoinverse of Neumann-Laplacian

Suppose you have the following PDE: find $u \in H^1(\Omega)$ such that $$-\Delta u = f, \\ \frac{\partial u}{\partial n} = 0. $$ Further assume a solvability condition $$\int_\Omega f ...
0
votes
1answer
267 views

Does Frobenius theorem apply to vector-valued function?

We know Frobenius theorem handle pde systems like $\{Xf=0, Yf=0\}$ requiring Lie bracket $[X,Y]\equiv 0 \mod X, Y$ for completely integrability of the system. However, how to handle systems like ...
4
votes
2answers
653 views

Numerical solution to diffusion-like equation with negative diffusion coefficient region?

I am trying to numerically solve the initial value problem (see later discussion for ICs) $$ x \frac{\partial f}{\partial t} = \frac{\partial}{\partial x} (1-x^2) \frac{\partial f}{\partial x} - f$$ ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

Bound deg 3 partial differential operator on Laplace eigenfunction?

I am no expert on PDE and analysis but I am looking for certain technique from PDE. Let $D_2$ be the Laplace operator and $f$ is an eigenfunction, i.e., $D_2 f=\lambda f$ for some $\lambda>1$. (or ...
8
votes
1answer
215 views

Failure of Fredholm property of elliptic PDE systems

Roughly speaking, a PDE operator satisfies the Fredholm property if its principal symbol is elliptic and the information provided on the boundary satisfies the Shapiro-Lopatinskii condition. What can ...
2
votes
2answers
129 views

Is the left regularizer for elliptic BVP a left inverse for the principal part?

Take a differential operator with elliptic symbol, consider just the principal part of the operator. Can one invert this principal part with some parametrix type construction (at least construct a ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Solutions of a stochastic reduced wave equation

Given a spherical reference frame $\left(\rho,\phi,\theta\right)$, the reduced wave equation can be written as: $$\nabla^2U=k^2n^2U$$ in which: $U=U(\rho,\phi,\theta)$ The solutions of this equation ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

To give an estimate for the maximal function associated to the Schrödinger group by using a measurable selector function

I am consulting some papers (references below) about the Carleson's problem for the pointwise convergence of the Schrödinger group \begin{equation} S_t=e^{i t \Delta}. \end{equation} In this context ...
2
votes
1answer
189 views

Monotonicity preserving parabolic operators

Let $$ \mathcal{L}\equiv\sum_{i,j}^{n}a_{i,j}\frac{\partial^{2}}{\partial x_{i}\,\partial x_{j}}+\sum_{i}^{n}b_{i}\frac{\partial}{\partial x_{i}}+c $$ be uniformly elliptic on ...
2
votes
1answer
274 views

Best approach to solve this PDE

I need to solve this Partial Differential Equation for $\lambda(x,y)$, $$\frac{\partial \lambda}{\partial x} + h(x,y)\frac{\partial \lambda}{\partial y} - \lambda \frac{\partial h}{\partial y} = 0$$ ...
7
votes
2answers
413 views

Fredholm alternative result for general elliptic system?

Now I have known that Fredholm alternative result is valid for the strong elliptic system. But I'm not sure that is it still valid for the general elliptic system, in which the second-order heading ...
4
votes
1answer
272 views

Please recommend some literature on the systematical theory of the elliptic systems!

Now I'm interested in the theory of elliptic systems, for example, both the linear and nonlinear case, the exsitence and regularity results, and is there a Fredholm alternative result for the linear ...
2
votes
1answer
283 views

Uniqueness of classical solution with degenerate boundary

Consider heat equation on the domain $\Omega = (0,1)\times (0,1)$ in the form of $$ \partial_{t} u = \frac 1 2 x^{3} (1-x) \partial_{xx} u, \quad (x,t) \in \Omega$$ with initial data $u(x,0) = x$ for ...
-1
votes
1answer
223 views

Concerning Fritz John's article, The Ultrahyperbolic Differential Equation With Four Independent Variables [closed]

I am trying to read Fritz John's article, here: http://projecteuclid.org/DPubS/Repository/1.0/Disseminate?view=body&id=pdf_1&handle=euclid.dmj/1077490637 And for the proof of Thm 1.1 in page ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

The maximum in the Poisson problem on the cube with constant source

Question: Let us consider the Poisson problem on the square with constant source $1$ $$ \begin{cases} - \Delta u &= 1, \qquad \text{ in } (0,1)^n \\\\ u &= 0, \qquad \text{ on } \partial ...
2
votes
1answer
460 views

Solving Stokes Equations using 3D Fourier transforms

How do you calculate the inverse Fourier transform of $\frac{k_ik_j}{k^4}$. I know it has to be a matrix of the form $=δ_{ij}A(r)+r_ir_jB(r)$, but how do you calculate the functions A(r) and B(r)? I ...
4
votes
0answers
328 views

well-posedness of the transport equation

I asked this question before on math exchange but did not have any luck with an answer. I would like to consider a simple example but get a thorough understanding of the theory behind it. I am ...
6
votes
2answers
371 views

Uniform bound on the eigenfunctions of the Laplacian

Is it possibly to have $L_\infty$ bounds on the eigenfunctions of the Laplacian operator on bounded regular domains with Dirichlet condition? I found several papers by Sogge but these are pretty ...
6
votes
0answers
361 views

Lax Pairs for Linear PDEs

I'm trying to understand the discussion around equation (2.1) of the paper http://www.jstor.org/stable/53053. It says that the linear PDE $M(\partial_x,\partial_y)q=0$ with constant coefficients has ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

if $\Pi_1$ and $\Pi_2$ be elliptic planes then $\Pi_1 \oplus \Pi_2 $ is still elliptic?

Let $\Omega \in\Lambda^{4}\big(V^{ \star }\big)$ be volume form. Define symplectic bilinear form $q: \Pi \oplus \Pi \rightarrow R $ $\big( \alpha ,\beta \big) \longrightarrow \alpha ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

Under which conditions Jacobi PDE system can be represented to symplectic monge Ampere equation?

We know we can reduce Symplectic monge ampere equations to Jacobi PDE system with some compatibility condition. I want to see when the vise versa is correct? and is there any theorem for it. Here ...
10
votes
1answer
828 views

Regularity of the Maxwell equations

As is well-known, the Maxwell equations can be phrased vectorially as, \begin{align} \nabla \cdot \mathbf E &= \frac{\rho_f}{\varepsilon}, &\text{Gauss's law,}\\\ \nabla \cdot \mathbf ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

A Cauchy problem for an iterated Euler-Poisson-Darboux eqaution

Good morning, I'm interested in solving a Cauchy problem for the iterated singular EPD. Well, Weinstein (On a class of PDEs of even order, 1955) showed how the decomposition formula leads to the ...
3
votes
1answer
329 views

Upper bounds for the solution of an elliptic PDE depending on a parameter.

Suppose I have the following PDE on $[0,1]^n$ $$\mathcal{L}u = -\nabla \cdot \left(a(x, r)\nabla u\right) = f(x,r), \qquad x\in [0,1]^n,$$ with periodic boundary conditions and $\int f(x) dx =0$ . ...
1
vote
1answer
333 views

LINEAR Parabolic equations. Smooth dependence from initial data

I am looking for results that show smooth dependence of a solution to a parabolic equation, from the initial data. More specifically I have the following problem: CONSIDER spaces $P:=\mathbb{R}^k$ ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE

I saw several papers that without proof accept the fact "Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE" is there any affirmative proof of this fact? in which book we have this fact, the number of ...
3
votes
0answers
129 views

Quadratic forms over symmetric $3\times3$ matrices

This question is motivated by a technique called compensated compactness (CC), which was elaborated by L. Tartar and F. Murat for the analysis of PDEs. The foreword of CC is a problem about quadratic ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Differential finiteness of power series with hypergeometric coefficients

Let $f$ be a formal (or convergent near the origin, as you wish) power series with variables $x_1$, ... , $x_n$ and complex coefficients. $$ f = \sum_I f_I \mathbf x^I $$ This power series is said to ...
1
vote
1answer
313 views

Linear inhomogeneous PDE

I am trying to understand the behavior of the following linear PDE: $$\partial_t u(x,t) = \partial_{xx} u(x,t) + f(x) u(x,t)$$ where I set $f(x)=\lambda e^{-x^2} -1$ and with: IC : $u(x,0)= 1$ on ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

Physical Interpretation of Robin Boundary Conditions

In a (bounded) domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, if we're studying the Laplace equation or heat equation or such PDE's we can impose the Dirichlet $u|_{\partial\Omega} \equiv 0$, Neumann $D_{\nu} ...
4
votes
2answers
225 views

hodographic transformation

Let $\phi(x,t)$ be smooth function. Let $\zeta= x-t$ and $\eta= x+t$. $u=\phi_\zeta$, $v= \phi_\eta$. Let $u$, $v$ satisfies following equations: 1- $$u_\eta- v_\zeta= 0$$ ...
1
vote
0answers
216 views

Is this Stefan-type problem an open problem?

I am looking for a weak-formulation that would give me an existence and uniqueness of a solution of a Stefan-type problem. It is basically a 2-phase Stefan problem in 2D except that the free-boundary ...
3
votes
1answer
692 views

Stochastic Heat Equation

Given the heat equation: $$\partial_{t}{\varPhi(x,t)}=k^2\partial_{xx}{\varPhi(x,t)}$$ with the boundary conditions: $$\Phi(x,0)=\Phi_0$$ and a Neumann boundary condition of the kind: ...
0
votes
1answer
692 views

Hopf Boundary Point Lemma

The Hopf Boundary Point Lemma http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hopf_lemma is a result for the unit normal vector field and the normal derivative. Is it true if one considers arbitrary directional ...
7
votes
0answers
369 views

Regularity of solutions to a linear degenerate parabolic pde

I've encountered the following problem which is causing me some trouble : Let $(M^2,g)$ be a smooth compact Riemannian surface (with constant curvature for instance) and consider a smooth function ...
3
votes
0answers
388 views

Boundary regularity of the solution to the Beltrami equation

Hello, this question might sound a little vague, but I still dare to state , and I am basically requesting for some reference: Let us consider the orientation-preserving homeomorphic solutions $f: D ...
1
vote
2answers
557 views

Heat equation with Neumann BC

Consider the heat equation $u_t=\Delta u$ with Neumann boundary condition in a bounded domain $\Omega$. Is this true to say: $$\|u(. , t)-v(. , t)\|_p\leq \|u(. , 0)-v(. , 0)\|_p$$ where $u$ and $v$ ...
16
votes
11answers
6k views

Textbooks for PDE between Strauss and Folland

Walter A. Strauss's Partial Differential Equations: An Introduction is a classic PDE textbook for the undergraduate students. While Folland's Introduction to Partial Differential Equations, is a nice ...
0
votes
0answers
698 views

characteristic surface

Hello, I have the following 4 PDEs which I am trying to solve for $G(x,y,z)$ : (1) $G_{xy}=0$ (2) $G_{xz}=0$ (3) $G_{yz}=0$ (4) $G_{xx}-G_{yy}=0$. It is not hard to see that the general ...
2
votes
0answers
289 views

General solutions for HJB equations in a special case.

I am reading the book of Wendell Flemming in control theorem to learn the HJB equation Here is the setting that interests me: Let $g_i: i=1,2$ be $C^2 =C^{2}(-\infty,\infty)$ functions such that ...
3
votes
1answer
716 views

Long time behavior of the heat equation on R

Let $\mu\in\mathcal{S}'(R)$ be a Schwartz distribution. The solution of a heat equation with $\mu$ as the initial data is $$ u(t,x)= \int_R \frac{e^{-\frac{(x-y)^2}{2t}}}{\sqrt{2\pi t}} \mu(d y) $$ ...
21
votes
4answers
2k views

Classification of PDE

Recently I have been attending a course on PDE's. I was totally ignorant of the subject and wasn't that motivated to be honest. But I was intrigued and felt I had to take the course seriously both for ...
1
vote
3answers
474 views

How to prove/disprove that quasiconformal maps send measure-zero sets to measure-zero sets

$Qn#1 $ : Let $f:U\to V$ be a $K$ quasiconformal homeomorphism ( NOT diffeomorphism ) of plane open subsets of $C$. By my definition of quasiconformality, I mean 1)$f$ is continuous, 2)the weak ...
1
vote
2answers
288 views

Structure of solutions of a PDE from a game theory problem

I found the following the following differential equation in the context of a Game Theory problem. I was wondering if this is related to any known family of equations or whether there is any hint ...
2
votes
1answer
412 views

orthonormal basis of eigenvectors for laplacian on a concave polygon

I am interested in the Laplace operator $\Delta$ on a concave polygon. When the polygon is convex, it is known that $\Delta: H^2(\Omega) \rightarrow L^2(\Omega)$ is boundedly invertible. In addition, ...
6
votes
3answers
955 views

Analytical solution to a Linear advection-reaction PDE

I am looking for an analytical solution for the linear PDE $(1)\qquad\qquad \qquad f_t+ A f_x + B f = 0, $ Where $A$ and $B$ are constant matrices and $f=f(x,t)$ is a vector. Clearly each one of ...