**4**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Recognizing Schwartz regular distributions

Are there characterizations of Schwartz regular distributions other than being locally integrable (which does not lend itself to easy manipulations)?
To be more detailed: if I want to show that some ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### Localized eigenfunctions of drift Laplacians

I am looking for literature which discusses localization of eigenfunctions of drift Laplacians, i.e. $L\underline u=-\Delta \underline u+\underline{v}.\nabla \underline u$ in 2D/3D domains with ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

153 views

### Well-posedness of Fokker-Planck equation

Consider the following equation on $[0,T]\times\mathbb{R}^n$
\begin{eqnarray}
&\partial_t\rho=\mathrm{div}(\rho\nabla V)+\Delta\rho\\
&\rho|_{t=0}=\rho^0,
\end{eqnarray}
where $V\in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### How do solutions of a PDE depend on parameters?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded smooth domain and $\sigma_1,\sigma_2:\Omega\to(c^{-1},c)$ measurable (for some constant $1<c<\infty$).
Let $f\in ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

347 views

### Structure of sign changes under the heat flow

Let $f$ be a smooth function on $R^2$, and define $N_f$ to be the set of points $p$ such that the nodal set of $f$ ($\{x\in R^2: f(x)=0\}$) divided every neighborhood of $p$ into four regions. Indeed, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

88 views

### Nodal sets under the heat flow

Let $u(t,X)$ be a smooth solution of the heat equation on $R^2$
$u_t=\Delta u,$
where $(t,X)\in R \times R^2$. Suppose $\lim_{t \rightarrow 0} u(t,x,y)=x^2-y^2$. Can we prove that the nodal set of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

19 views

### Renormalization for Transport Equations with SBD velocity field

In the paper Traces and fine properties of a $BD$ class of vector fields and applications by Ambrosio, Crippa and Maniglia (to be found here)the authors prove a chain rule for vector fields $B\in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

83 views

### Strong maximum principle for the heat equation in non-cylindrical domains

let $u(t,x)$ be a bounded smooth solution of the heat equation $u_t=\Delta u$, $(t,x) \in R \times R^2$, and let $V \subset (R \times R^2)$ be an open connected component of $\{(t,x) \in R \times R^2: ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Mountain Pass theorem for minimization problems with constraints

Let $I[u]$ be a functional on a (possibly infinite dimensional) Hilbert space. Then, under some conditions, the Mountain Pass theorem guarantees the existence of a saddle point (see ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Linking theorem, elliptic pde

I am trying to solve some linear system of the form
$$ \Delta \phi +p v(r)^{p-1} \psi = -f, \qquad \Delta \psi + qu(r)^{q-1} \phi =g $$ in $ \mathbb{R}^N$ where $ f,g$ are given and $ \phi,\psi$ are ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

221 views

### Heat equation and evolution of number of critical points

Let $u_0$ be a smooth function on the unit sphere $S^1$ and assume that $u(t,x)$ is a smooth solution of the heat equation with initial data $u(0,x)=u_0(x)$. How one can apply the maximum principle to ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Solving gradient of an especial heat equation

In my research I came up with a gradient of heat equation on a edge-weighted graph as:
\begin{equation*}
\nabla_w T_t(t,w) + T(t,w) . \nabla_w L_w + L_w . \nabla_w T(t,w) = 0
\end{equation*}
where ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Method of characteristics of a system of first order pdes

I asked the question on math.stackexchange.com, but didn't get any reply. So, I asked it again here. Any suggestion or hint is welcome, and thank you for your attention.
Consider the system of first ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### only solution to wave equation under certain restriction?

Suppose $u_1, u_2: \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ are two bounded solutions to the wave equation
\begin{equation}
\partial_t^2u_i = \partial_x^2u_i
\end{equation}
obeying the restriction
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

70 views

### Existence of Green's functions for PDEs

Here is what I think I know: Given a symmetric linear differential operator $\mathcal{L}$ that is positive definite on a function space(/space of distributions) $\mathcal{H}$, we can find its inverse, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Non-trivial global solution for Dirichlet eigenvalue problem

Suppose $f:\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$ is smooth everywhere except a set of measure zero.(i.e. A set of area zero) and satisfies the equation
$\Delta f=\lambda f$ for some constant $\lambda$ off this ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

136 views

### Existence of solution?

I am sorry if this question is not at the MO level. But I have not found a reference so I would like ask it here.
Follow this paper :http://www.math.ku.dk/~hugger/articles/CTAC2003.pdf
Let ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

75 views

### Maximal minimum of Bessel functions

This comes from a scattering problem. Consider the usual non singular Bessel functions of the first kind, $J_n(x)$. It is known that their zeros are countable, and all zeros are distinct. My question ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

91 views

### Wave equation with linear coefficients

The following pde came up in a physics problem:
$$
(Cy+D)\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2}-(Ay+B)\frac{\partial u^2}{\partial y^2}-A\frac{\partial u}{\partial y} =f(x,y),
$$
A,B,C,D are fixed ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### evolution PDE in comlex domaim

i have got (an example for some other theorem) an existence theorem for such a type problem
$$u_t(t,z)=-u(t,z)+a(t)z^m\frac{\partial^N u(t,z)}{\partial z^N},\quad u(0,z)=\hat u(z)\in \mathcal ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

77 views

### Uniform bounds for a coupled parabolic system of PDE (linear)

Let $V=H^1(\Omega)$ and $H=L^2(\Omega)$ where $\Omega$ is a compact Riemannian manifold. Define $W = \{ w \in L^2(0,T;V) : w_t \in L^2(0,T;V^*)\}$.
Consider the system, with $u^\epsilon, v^\epsilon ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

138 views

### Estimates on evolution operator

Let's consider the following evolution operator in $\mathbb{R}^3$
$$S(t)=e^{(i+\delta)t\Delta }$$
How to get the following estimate
$$\Vert S(t)f\Vert_2\leq C_\varepsilon t^{-\frac{1}{4}}\Vert ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

58 views

### References Request : Existence and Uniqueness for PDE which is “ALMOST (?)” Parabolic

I am doing a research using PDE which is a little different from the standard Parabolic type. The following is my case:
\begin{equation}
Lu = - \sum_{i, j = 1}^{N}a^{i,j}(x, t)u_{x_{i}x_{j}} + ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

102 views

### First order pde with characteristics [closed]

Consider a first order pde of the type $$u_y+b(x)u_x=0$$ and suppose that the coefficient $b$ is not necessairly continuous (for instance with a jump in some point).
Is it still possible to apply in ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### Reference request: Optimal $L^p$-decay for nonhomogenous heat equation in $\mathbb R^d$

Let $u$ be a classical solution for the nonhomogeneous heat equation in $\mathbb R_+ \times\mathbb R^d$:
$$
\begin{cases}
\partial_tu(t,x)-\Delta u(t,x) = f(t,x), \\
u(0,x)=u_0(x).
\end{cases}
$$
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Holder regularity for the heat potentials

First I apologize for my bad English and for any error: this is my first question.
I need some regularity results for the single and double layer heat potentials.
If $\Gamma(t,x)$ is the fundamental ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Regularity of solution to Fokker Planck equation

Suppose that $\rho \in L^1(\mathbb{R}^n \times (0,T))$ for every $T < \infty$ is a weak solution of the PDE
\begin{align}
\partial_t\rho &= \Delta \rho + \text{div}(\rho\nabla\Psi(x))\\
\rho(t ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

98 views

### A linear operator equation (PDE) with non-monotone term

I'm interested in the existence and/or uniqueness to the following problem. Let $V$ and $H$ be Hilbert spaces and $V \subset H \subset V^*$ form a Gelfand triple.
There is a linear operator $L:{D}(L) ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Solve a PDE related to free boundary problem

I would like to solve the following system for my problem:
$$\max\Big(\frac{1}{2}u_{ss}+u_l\delta(s-s_0), F(l)-\lambda(s)-u(s,l)\Big)=0.$$
where $u=u(s,l): R\times R_+\to R$ is the unknown function ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Uniqueness of weak solutions of a heat equation

Let $M$ be a smooth compact closed manifold.
Let $u \in H^1(0,T;H^{-1}(M)) \cap L^2(0,T;H^1(M))$ be a solution of
$$u_t - \Delta u - u = 0$$
$$u(0)=u(T)$$
satisfying $\int_M u(t) = 0$ for all $t$. Is ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

147 views

### Some Questions from Reading on Wave Front Set from Hormander's Linear PDE Vol. 1

In Hormander's Linear PDE Vol. 1 (pg 252-253, before the definition of wave front set is introduced), Lemma $8.1.1$ says that if $\phi \in C_{0}^{\infty}$ and $v \in \mathcal{E}^{\prime}$, then ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Finding gradient of an optimization

I am trying to find the gradient of the following optimization problem and then add to objective, but I got some trouble in computing. Could you please help me?
Assume that we have an optimization ...

**-2**

votes

**2**answers

121 views

### Lack of parabolicity of PDE due to invariancy under diffeomorphisms? [closed]

Let a nonlinear differential equation is invariant under all diffeomorphisms, then we get lack of parabolicity?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

47 views

### $L^\infty$ estimate for a fourth order (hyperbolic) equation

Consider the following fourth order equation
$$u_{tt}+u_t= d\Delta u-\Delta^2u+f,$$
with Dirichlet or Navier boundary conditions, that is on $\partial\Omega$, we assume that
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

48 views

### Finite element convergence rates for mixed problems [closed]

I've coded up a Stokes Flow problem using finite elements and am in the process of verifying that it works. I'm just not sure what convergence rate I should be expecting as I globally refine the mesh.
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### When is separation of variables an acceptable assumption to solve a PDE?

We know that one of the classical methods for solving some PDEs is the method of separation of variables. It works for known types of PDEs and many examples of physical phenomena are successfully ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Estimate for an integral of a function of the solution to a PDE

Let $\Omega \in \mathbb{R}^3$ be a bounded smooth domain. Assume that smooth functions $\sigma_1,\sigma_2$ satisfy $\sigma_1-\sigma_2 \in C_0^\infty(\Omega)$ and
$\lambda\leq \sigma_1, \sigma_2 \leq ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

192 views

### Solution to Schrödinger equation

I asked this question already on stackexchange, but I did not get any resonance at all, so maybe anybody here can give me a few hints about my problem.
My goal is to solve this PDE for $f:[-1,1] ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

358 views

### Analytic solution of a system of linear, hyperbolic, first order, partial differential equations

In a try to solve a physical problem, I've faced a system of first-order partial differential equations of the form
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Heat transfer: boundary conditions with fluid velocity

The following equation is considered:
$$
\frac{\partial u}{\partial t} - a\Delta u + \mathbf v \cdot \nabla u = f.
$$
I have difficulties in formulating boundary conditions for this equation.
If ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

366 views

### Special Second-Order PDE

Let $\Phi$ be a given smooth function on a neighborhood of zero in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with
$$\Phi(0) = 0, ~~~~D \Phi(0) = 0, ~~~~ D^2\Phi(0) >0,$$
the latter meaning that the Hessian is positive ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### How can one do change of variables for solutions to a staochastic partial differential equation?

isHow can one do change of variables for solutions to a staochastic partial differential equation? For example, let us consider the following stochastic transport equation:
$$
dy(t,x) + y_x(t,x) + ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

83 views

### Limit Toward Discontinuous Point of Dirichlet Boundary Value

The question arises from a paper on Schwarz's domain decomposition method (click here).
We consider a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and a curve splits it into two, see the figure below.
Now we ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

122 views

### Let $\mathrm{div}\,(A\,\mathrm{grad}\,u) + b u = f$. Is $(A\,\mathrm{grad}\,u)$ weakly differentiable?

Let us consider the basic linear elliptic PDE
$$
\mathrm{div} (A\,\mathrm{grad}\,u) + bu = f,
$$
with $f\in L^p,$ $A,b$ uniformly bounded. Do we have, for a weak solution $u\in W^{1,p}(\Omega')$,
$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

120 views

### Existence of the solution of a linear parabolic pde

Good day!
Let $V = H^1(\Omega)$, $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^3$.
Consider the linear parabolic equation $y' + Ay = f$ where $f \in L^q(0,T;V')$, $y \in W = \{y \in L^p(0,T;V) \colon dy/dt \in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### positive eigenfunction on complete Riemannian manifold

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a complete(non-compact) Riemannian manifold. Consider the positive solution to the equation
$$
\Delta u = u
$$
where $\Delta=\nabla_i \nabla_i$ is negative semi-definite. Is there ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Harmonic extension in a ball $B(x, r) \subset \mathbb R^n$

I have recently been trying to understand the theory regarding harmonic extensions in $\mathbb R^n$. I have, however, had some difficulties to find the kind of results I am looking for. For that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Tempered distribution solution to a simple PDE

Let's consider the following PDE in $\mathbb R^d$ :
$$\frac{\partial^d u}{\partial x_1...\partial x_d}=f$$
where $f$ is a tempered distribution with support in $\mathbb R^d_+$. There is a result by ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

331 views

### Feynman-Kac theorem: probabilistic proof of existence of solution to parabolic PDE

Friedman (in his book: PDEs of Parabolic Type) shows how to construct a solution to the Cauchy problem
$$
\partial_t u(t,x) = b(x) \partial_x u(t,x) + \frac{1}{2} \sigma(x)^2 \partial_{x,x} u(t,x)
$$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Why is it impossible to reduce a linear PDE of the second order in more than two independent variables to canonical form globally

It is known that in the case of more than two independent variables, it is usually not possible (especially in the case of PDE with the variable coefficients) to reduce a linear partial differential ...