Questions about linear partial differential equations. Often used in combination with the top-level tag ap.analysis-of-pdes.

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Killing vector fields on sphere and nodal sets

Let $u$ be a smooth function on $S^2$ such that $\int_{S^2} ux_j =0$, for $j=1,2,3$. Does there exist a killing vector field $V$ on $S^2$ such that the nodal line of $\varphi=V(u)$ ($\{x\in S^2: ...
0
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0answers
45 views

Linking theorem, elliptic pde

I am trying to solve some linear system of the form $$ \Delta \phi +p v(r)^{p-1} \psi = -f, \qquad \Delta \psi + qu(r)^{q-1} \phi =g $$ in $ \mathbb{R}^N$ where $ f,g$ are given and $ \phi,\psi$ are ...
3
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2answers
202 views

Heat equation and evolution of number of critical points

Let $u_0$ be a smooth function on the unit sphere $S^1$ and assume that $u(t,x)$ is a smooth solution of the heat equation with initial data $u(0,x)=u_0(x)$. How one can apply the maximum principle to ...
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0answers
111 views

Solving gradient of an especial heat equation

In my research I came up with a gradient of heat equation on a edge-weighted graph as: \begin{equation*} \nabla_w T_t(t,w) + T(t,w) . \nabla_w L_w + L_w . \nabla_w T(t,w) = 0 \end{equation*} where ...
1
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1answer
90 views

Method of characteristics of a system of first order pdes

I asked the question on math.stackexchange.com, but didn't get any reply. So, I asked it again here. Any suggestion or hint is welcome, and thank you for your attention. Consider the system of first ...
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0answers
72 views

Frobenius-Perron operator leaving a function sub space invariant

I consider a linear subspace of $L^1(\mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R)$, $$ \mathcal S := \{ h: L^1(\mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R) \; | \; \int_{H^{-1}(\{y\})} h(x) \, dS = 0 \text{ for all } y \in \mathbb R\} ...
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15 views

Existence to an advection equation with level-set constraints

Let $f: \mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R^n$ be a sufficiently smooth vector field and let $h: \mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$ a scalar field. We consider the following advection equation ...
2
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0answers
47 views

only solution to wave equation under certain restriction?

Suppose $u_1, u_2: \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ are two bounded solutions to the wave equation \begin{equation} \partial_t^2u_i = \partial_x^2u_i \end{equation} obeying the restriction ...
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0answers
63 views

Existence of Green's functions for PDEs

Here is what I think I know: Given a symmetric linear differential operator $\mathcal{L}$ that is positive definite on a function space(/space of distributions) $\mathcal{H}$, we can find its inverse, ...
0
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0answers
76 views

Non-trivial global solution for Dirichlet eigenvalue problem

Suppose $f:\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$ is smooth everywhere except a set of measure zero.(i.e. A set of area zero) and satisfies the equation $\Delta f=\lambda f$ for some constant $\lambda$ off this ...
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0answers
129 views

Existence of solution?

I am sorry if this question is not at the MO level. But I have not found a reference so I would like ask it here. Follow this paper :http://www.math.ku.dk/~hugger/articles/CTAC2003.pdf Let ...
1
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1answer
65 views

Maximal minimum of Bessel functions

This comes from a scattering problem. Consider the usual non singular Bessel functions of the first kind, $J_n(x)$. It is known that their zeros are countable, and all zeros are distinct. My question ...
1
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1answer
85 views

Wave equation with linear coefficients

The following pde came up in a physics problem: $$ (Cy+D)\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2}-(Ay+B)\frac{\partial u^2}{\partial y^2}-A\frac{\partial u}{\partial y} =f(x,y), $$ A,B,C,D are fixed ...
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33 views

evolution PDE in comlex domaim

i have got (an example for some other theorem) an existence theorem for such a type problem $$u_t(t,z)=-u(t,z)+a(t)z^m\frac{\partial^N u(t,z)}{\partial z^N},\quad u(0,z)=\hat u(z)\in \mathcal ...
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0answers
49 views

Uniform bounds for a coupled parabolic system of PDE (linear)

Let $V=H^1(\Omega)$ and $H=L^2(\Omega)$ where $\Omega$ is a compact Riemannian manifold. Define $W = \{ w \in L^2(0,T;V) : w_t \in L^2(0,T;V^*)\}$. Consider the system, with $u^\epsilon, v^\epsilon ...
1
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1answer
135 views

Estimates on evolution operator

Let's consider the following evolution operator in $\mathbb{R}^3$ $$S(t)=e^{(i+\delta)t\Delta }$$ How to get the following estimate $$\Vert S(t)f\Vert_2\leq C_\varepsilon t^{-\frac{1}{4}}\Vert ...
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0answers
52 views

References Request : Existence and Uniqueness for PDE which is “ALMOST (?)” Parabolic

I am doing a research using PDE which is a little different from the standard Parabolic type. The following is my case: \begin{equation} Lu = - \sum_{i, j = 1}^{N}a^{i,j}(x, t)u_{x_{i}x_{j}} + ...
2
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2answers
102 views

First order pde with characteristics [closed]

Consider a first order pde of the type $$u_y+b(x)u_x=0$$ and suppose that the coefficient $b$ is not necessairly continuous (for instance with a jump in some point). Is it still possible to apply in ...
5
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0answers
103 views

Reference request: Optimal $L^p$-decay for nonhomogenous heat equation in $\mathbb R^d$

Let $u$ be a classical solution for the nonhomogeneous heat equation in $\mathbb R_+ \times\mathbb R^d$: $$ \begin{cases} \partial_tu(t,x)-\Delta u(t,x) = f(t,x), \\ u(0,x)=u_0(x). \end{cases} $$ ...
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1answer
116 views

Holder regularity for the heat potentials

First I apologize for my bad English and for any error: this is my first question. I need some regularity results for the single and double layer heat potentials. If $\Gamma(t,x)$ is the fundamental ...
2
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0answers
102 views

Regularity of solution to Fokker Planck equation

Suppose that $\rho \in L^1(\mathbb{R}^n \times (0,T))$ for every $T < \infty$ is a weak solution of the PDE \begin{align} \partial_t\rho &= \Delta \rho + \text{div}(\rho\nabla\Psi(x))\\ \rho(t ...
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95 views

A linear operator equation (PDE) with non-monotone term

I'm interested in the existence and/or uniqueness to the following problem. Let $V$ and $H$ be Hilbert spaces and $V \subset H \subset V^*$ form a Gelfand triple. There is a linear operator $L:{D}(L) ...
2
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0answers
55 views

Solve a PDE related to free boundary problem

I would like to solve the following system for my problem: $$\max\Big(\frac{1}{2}u_{ss}+u_l\delta(s-s_0), F(l)-\lambda(s)-u(s,l)\Big)=0.$$ where $u=u(s,l): R\times R_+\to R$ is the unknown function ...
3
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1answer
169 views

Uniqueness of weak solutions of a heat equation

Let $M$ be a smooth compact closed manifold. Let $u \in H^1(0,T;H^{-1}(M)) \cap L^2(0,T;H^1(M))$ be a solution of $$u_t - \Delta u - u = 0$$ $$u(0)=u(T)$$ satisfying $\int_M u(t) = 0$ for all $t$. Is ...
2
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2answers
131 views

Some Questions from Reading on Wave Front Set from Hormander's Linear PDE Vol. 1

In Hormander's Linear PDE Vol. 1 (pg 252-253, before the definition of wave front set is introduced), Lemma $8.1.1$ says that if $\phi \in C_{0}^{\infty}$ and $v \in \mathcal{E}^{\prime}$, then ...
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0answers
49 views

Finding gradient of an optimization

I am trying to find the gradient of the following optimization problem and then add to objective, but I got some trouble in computing. Could you please help me? Assume that we have an optimization ...
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2answers
116 views

Lack of parabolicity of PDE due to invariancy under diffeomorphisms? [closed]

Let a nonlinear differential equation is invariant under all diffeomorphisms, then we get lack of parabolicity?
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45 views

$L^\infty$ estimate for a fourth order (hyperbolic) equation

Consider the following fourth order equation $$u_{tt}+u_t= d\Delta u-\Delta^2u+f,$$ with Dirichlet or Navier boundary conditions, that is on $\partial\Omega$, we assume that ...
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0answers
46 views

Finite element convergence rates for mixed problems [closed]

I've coded up a Stokes Flow problem using finite elements and am in the process of verifying that it works. I'm just not sure what convergence rate I should be expecting as I globally refine the mesh. ...
0
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1answer
215 views

When is separation of variables an acceptable assumption to solve a PDE?

We know that one of the classical methods for solving some PDEs is the method of separation of variables. It works for known types of PDEs and many examples of physical phenomena are successfully ...
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0answers
83 views

Estimate for an integral of a function of the solution to a PDE

Let $\Omega \in \mathbb{R}^3$ be a bounded smooth domain. Assume that smooth functions $\sigma_1,\sigma_2$ satisfy $\sigma_1-\sigma_2 \in C_0^\infty(\Omega)$ and $\lambda\leq \sigma_1, \sigma_2 \leq ...
4
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2answers
183 views

Solution to Schrödinger equation

I asked this question already on stackexchange, but I did not get any resonance at all, so maybe anybody here can give me a few hints about my problem. My goal is to solve this PDE for $f:[-1,1] ...
4
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2answers
268 views

Analytic solution of a system of linear, hyperbolic, first order, partial differential equations

In a try to solve a physical problem, I've faced a system of first-order partial differential equations of the form ...
2
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1answer
123 views

Heat transfer: boundary conditions with fluid velocity

The following equation is considered: $$ \frac{\partial u}{\partial t} - a\Delta u + \mathbf v \cdot \nabla u = f. $$ I have difficulties in formulating boundary conditions for this equation. If ...
9
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1answer
358 views

Special Second-Order PDE

Let $\Phi$ be a given smooth function on a neighborhood of zero in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with $$\Phi(0) = 0, ~~~~D \Phi(0) = 0, ~~~~ D^2\Phi(0) >0,$$ the latter meaning that the Hessian is positive ...
3
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0answers
56 views

How can one do change of variables for solutions to a staochastic partial differential equation?

isHow can one do change of variables for solutions to a staochastic partial differential equation? For example, let us consider the following stochastic transport equation: $$ dy(t,x) + y_x(t,x) + ...
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0answers
82 views

Limit Toward Discontinuous Point of Dirichlet Boundary Value

The question arises from a paper on Schwarz's domain decomposition method (click here). We consider a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and a curve splits it into two, see the figure below. Now we ...
2
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2answers
119 views

Let $\mathrm{div}\,(A\,\mathrm{grad}\,u) + b u = f$. Is $(A\,\mathrm{grad}\,u)$ weakly differentiable?

Let us consider the basic linear elliptic PDE $$ \mathrm{div} (A\,\mathrm{grad}\,u) + bu = f, $$ with $f\in L^p,$ $A,b$ uniformly bounded. Do we have, for a weak solution $u\in W^{1,p}(\Omega')$, $$ ...
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1answer
114 views

Existence of the solution of a linear parabolic pde

Good day! Let $V = H^1(\Omega)$, $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^3$. Consider the linear parabolic equation $y' + Ay = f$ where $f \in L^q(0,T;V')$, $y \in W = \{y \in L^p(0,T;V) \colon dy/dt \in ...
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0answers
108 views

positive eigenfunction on complete Riemannian manifold

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a complete(non-compact) Riemannian manifold. Consider the positive solution to the equation $$ \Delta u = u $$ where $\Delta=\nabla_i \nabla_i$ is negative semi-definite. Is there ...
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1answer
94 views

Harmonic extension in a ball $B(x, r) \subset \mathbb R^n$

I have recently been trying to understand the theory regarding harmonic extensions in $\mathbb R^n$. I have, however, had some difficulties to find the kind of results I am looking for. For that ...
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1answer
166 views

Tempered distribution solution to a simple PDE

Let's consider the following PDE in $\mathbb R^d$ : $$\frac{\partial^d u}{\partial x_1...\partial x_d}=f$$ where $f$ is a tempered distribution with support in $\mathbb R^d_+$. There is a result by ...
5
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0answers
290 views

Feynman-Kac theorem: probabilistic proof of existence of solution to parabolic PDE

Friedman (in his book: PDEs of Parabolic Type) shows how to construct a solution to the Cauchy problem $$ \partial_t u(t,x) = b(x) \partial_x u(t,x) + \frac{1}{2} \sigma(x)^2 \partial_{x,x} u(t,x) $$ ...
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0answers
57 views

Why is it impossible to reduce a linear PDE of the second order in more than two independent variables to canonical form globally

It is known that in the case of more than two independent variables, it is usually not possible (especially in the case of PDE with the variable coefficients) to reduce a linear partial differential ...
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0answers
95 views

Algebraic methods in pde [duplicate]

I'm finding myself with a linear, very symetric system of first orders pde with polynomial coefficients. Wandering on the web, i learnt there is some nice alebraic way to deal with it involving ...
2
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1answer
127 views

Extending a harmonic function in a ball to subharmonic in a larger ball

Consider the Laplace equation in a ball $B(r) \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ of radius $r$: $$ \begin{cases} -\Delta u &= 0, \quad \text {in} \quad B(r), \\ \ \ \ \ \ \, u&= g, \quad \text {in}\quad ...
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0answers
58 views

Parabolic partial differential equation, initial conditions

Let $U\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be open bounded, $T>0$. Given the parabolic PDE $$\partial_tf+a\partial_xf+b\partial_{xx}f = g \qquad (1)$$ I'm interested in the initial and boundary conditions that ...
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0answers
115 views

Solvable PDEs and their Green's functions

I have a class of PDEs of the form $$ -\Box\phi(x)+\lambda\phi_0^2(x)\phi(x)=0 $$ with $\phi_0^2(x)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty b_ne^{ip_n\cdot x}$. I know some exact solutions for them (see here and ...
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1answer
210 views

Reference request: Boundary behavior and quantitative lower bound for the principal eigenfunction of an elliptic PDE in a ball $B(r)$

Consider the elliptic eigenvalue problem $$ \begin{cases} \int_{B(r)} A(x) \nabla u \cdot \nabla \phi \, dx &= \ \ \frac{\lambda_1}{r^2}\int_{B(r)} u \phi \, dx \\ \qquad \qquad \qquad \quad ...
2
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1answer
154 views

The centralizer of Lienard equation

Consider the lienard vector field $\cases{ x'=y -F(x) \\ y'=-x } $ in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$, where $F$ is a polynomial fuction with $F(0)=0$. Assume that $Y$ is a smooth vector field globally defined ...