# Tagged Questions

**29**

votes

**0**answers

959 views

### a naive question about the second dual of a vector space

Let $K$ be a field. Are there non-scalar endomorphisms of the endofunctor
$$
V\mapsto V^{**}/V
$$
of the category of $K$-vector spaces?
I asked a related question on Mathematics Stackexchange, but ...

**21**

votes

**0**answers

991 views

### Correspondence between eigenvalue distributions of random unitary and random orthogonal matrices

In the course of a physics problem (arXiv:1206.6687), I stumbled on a curious correspondence between the eigenvalue distributions of the matrix product $U\bar{U}$, with $U$ a random unitary matrix and ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

644 views

### conjectures regarding a new Renyi information quantity

In a recent paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1403.6102, we defined a quantity that we called the "Renyi conditional mutual information" and investigated several of its properties. We have some open ...

**17**

votes

**0**answers

463 views

### Cauchy matrices with elementary symmetric polynomials

$\newcommand{\vx}{\mathbf{x}}$
Let $e_k(\vx)$ denote the elementary symmetric polynomial, defined for $k=0,1,\ldots,n$ over a vector $\vx=(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ by
\begin{equation*}
e_k(\vx) := \sum_{1 ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

256 views

### Who stated and proved the “Hopf lemma” on bilinear maps?

If $A\otimes B\rightarrow C$ is a nondegenerate linear map, where $A, B, C$ are vector spaces over an algebraically closed field, then $\dim C\ge \dim A + \dim B -1$.
Nondegenerate here means ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

523 views

### How to explain the picturesque patterns in François Brunault's matrix?

How to explain the patterns in the matrix defined in François Brunault's
answer to the question Freeness of a Z[x] module depicted below? --
Choosing colors according to the highest power of 2 which ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

227 views

### Ratio of entries of A and log A where A is a triangular matrix

Consider triangular matrices $A = \left( {a(n,k)} \right)$ of arbitrary order with $a(n,k) = 0$ if $n + k$ is odd and $a(n,n - 2k) = \frac{{n!}}{{k!(n - 2k)!}}\frac{{(m + n - k - 1)!}}{{(m + n - ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

574 views

### Regular languages of matrices and their generating functions

My question is somewhat related to this question.
Let us fix natural numbers $k$ and $C$. Let $A$ be an automaton whose alphabet consists of $k\times k$ matrices with integer coefficients of ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

287 views

### Matroids with prescribed independent sets

Let $A$ be a finite set. Let $B$ be a family of subsets of $A$. We are interested in a matroid with a minimum rank such that every element of $B$ is independent. The answer is obvious - a uniform ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

217 views

### Determinant inequality involving Hermitian, positive definite matrices

Question:
Let $A,B,C\in M_{n}(C)$ be Hermitian and positive definite matrices such that:$$A+B+C=I_{n}$$
Show that:
$$\det\left(6(A^3+B^3+C^3)+I_{n}\right)\ge 5^n\det(A^2+B^2+C^2)$$
This question ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

402 views

### Which doubly stochastic matrices can be written as products of pairwise averaging matrices?

A matrix $A$ is called doubly stochastic if its entries are nonnegative, and if all of its rows and columns add up to $1$. A subset of doubly stochastic matrices is the set of pairwise averaging ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

307 views

### Eigenvalues of permutations of a real matrix: how complex can they be?

This is sort of complementary to this thread. I’ll repeat the definitions here:
For a matrix $M\in GL(n,\mathbb R)$, consider the $n!$ matrices obtained by permutations of the rows (say) of $M$ and ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

283 views

### An identity for Hankel determinants

Is the following result about Hankel determinants known or a simple consequence of some known results?
Let
$f(x) = \frac{\displaystyle 1}{{\displaystyle 1 - \frac{{a x^{m + 2}}}{\displaystyle {1 - ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

463 views

### Bounding sum of first singular values squared for Kronecker sum of traceless matrices

Let $A$ and $B$ be $4\times4$ traceless matrices with Hilbert-Schmidt norms summing up to $1/4$, i.e.
$$\text{Tr}\left[ A\right]=\text{Tr}\left[ B\right] = 0,\qquad\text{Tr}\left[ A^\dagger A + ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

522 views

### An elementary linear algebra problem

Let $K$ be a field, and let $E$ be the algebra of $n\times n$ matrices over $K$. Let $V_0$ and $V_1$ be the (left) $E$-modules of matrices of size $n\times n_0$ and $n\times n_1$. Let $W \subseteq ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

211 views

### Generalized Classical Adjoints and Factorizations of the Characteristic Polynomial

This is idle noodling, and I'm prepared to learn that it's foolish as well as idle. But....
Let $M$ be an $n\times n$ matrix over, oh, let's say an algebraically closed field for now. There have ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

405 views

### integral matrix of order p

Hi everyone
Let $p$ be a prime number. I am interested to classify $\{ A\in {\rm GL}_{p-1}(\mathbb{Z}): {\rm ord}(A)=p \}$ up to conjugacy. One reason to consider this problem is its relation to ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

415 views

### On a tentative generalization of the Schmidt decomposition

Background
I am a PhD student in Physics and I am currently developing quite refined computer codes that allow to simulate many-body quantum systems living on a lattice. The difficulty resides in ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

637 views

### coordinate-free proof of transitivity of norms or traces

Hello:
Suppose $A$ is a finite free $B$-algebra and $B$ is a finite free $C$-algebra. Does anyone
know a coordinate-free proof (i.e. without choosing bases) of the identity:
$N_{A/C} = N_{B/C}\circ ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

924 views

### roots of quadratic forms

This may be a very silly question, but I was wondering what is known about the roots of a quadratic form over variables $x_1,\ldots,x_n,y_1,\ldots,y_m$ in the finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$. I'm not ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### When is a product of hyperbolic matrices hyperbolic?

Suppose $A_1,\ldots,A_n$ is a sequence of $2 \times 2$ complex matrices such that $| \det(A_j) | =1$ and $ | \mathrm{tr}(A_j) | > 2 $ for each $j$. What kinds of reasonable restrictions can one ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

334 views

### On the number of polynomials that divide $x^{q-1}-1$ in some subspaces of $\mathbb F_q[x]$

Let $\mathbb F_q$ be a finite field (where $q$ is in general a power of a prime), and let $e, k$ be positive integers with $k \leq e < q-1$. Let $f_0(x), \ldots,
f_k(x) \in \mathbb F_q[x]$ be ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### In what sense is the Bayesian posterior mean a “convex combination”?

I asked this on math.stackexchange with no response, I'm hoping someone here might have something.
Suppose I want to estimate $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ from two signals with zero mean, normally ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Product $PVPVP$ is elementwise nonnegative?

Let $P\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be the inverse of a positive definite M-matrix and $V\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be any diagonal matrix. Prove (or disprove) that $PVPVP$ is elementwise nonnegative.
...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### A variant of an Eventown problem for modulo a prime number

Consider the following problem, called the 'Eventown problem':
In a town, residents can form different clubs. The town council establishes the following rules:
1) Every club must have an even ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

335 views

### Spaces of matrices with same eigenvalue/Great circles in O(n)-orbits

Let $Sym^2(V)$ be the set of symmetric matrices of a real $n$-dimensional vector space $V$. Given an element $\underline{\lambda}=[\lambda_1,\ldots \lambda_n]\in \mathbb{RP}^n$, where ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

285 views

### maximal subgroups of $GL_2(Z/p^kZ)$

Hello,
is there any classification of proper maximal subroups of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/p^k\mathbb{Z})$ for $k>1$ (analogous to the one which exist for $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z})$)?
Could you give ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

669 views

### Inverse of a matrix with binomial coefficients

Let $a(n,k)=(-1)^k {{2n-k}\choose k}$ for $0 \le k \le n$ and $a(n,k)=0$ else. Then it is known (cf. OEIS A005439 and A098435) that the first column of the inverse matrix of $(a(i,j))_{i,j\ge0}$ is ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

377 views

### Can we write unitary matrices as positive linear combinations of Hermitian matrices?

The space $M_n:=M_n(\mathbb{C})$ of complex $n\times n$ matrices has the structure of a finite-dimensional complex vector space.
The space of Hermitian matrices forms a cone in this vector space ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Is there a straightforward way to solve unmixed, homogeneous systems of polynomials?

I came across this problem in my research. It might just be an easy algebraic geometry question, but I don't know much algebraic geometry.
Suppose we have a system of $k\leq n$ polynomials in ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Perron-Frobenius theory for reducible matrices

Can someone suggest some sources/references dealing with the Perron-Frobenius theory for nonnegative matrices that are reducible?
Specifically, if $A\ge 0$ is a $d\times d$ matrix with no assumptions ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

200 views

### Weyl's construction for symplectic groups--an exercise in Fulton and Harris's book

This is an exercise in section 17.3 in Fulton and Harris's book:Representation theory-a first course.
Let $V=\mathbb{C}^{2n}$ and $Sp(2n)$ be the symplectic group w.r.t the nondegenerate bilinear ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

509 views

### A stronger Cauchy-Schwarz inequality for traces of compression matrices

Assume that $A$ and $B$ are contractions, so
$I-AA^T$ and $I-BB^T$ are positive-definite matrices. Let
$C=(I-AB^T)^{-1}(I-AA^{T})(I-BA^{T})^{-1}$, and show that:
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

261 views

### Symmetric matrices with $\rho(A)\gg\|A\|_\infty$

For a symmetric real matrix $A$, denote by $\rho(A)$ the spectral radius of $A$, and by $\sigma(A)$ the largest absolute row sum of $A$; that is, $\sigma(A)=\max_i \sum_j |a_{ij}|$, where $a_{ij}$ are ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### Kasteleyn, Gessel-Viennot and eigenvalues

The Kasteleyn matrix (for counting perfect matchings) and the Lindström-Gessel-Viennot matrix (for counting families of nonintersecting lattice paths) are tightly related, as observed many times by ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

201 views

### Singularity of an $l\times l$ matrix whose entries are $2l$-th roots of unity

Let $l$ be a positive integer, $\zeta$ be a primitive $2l$-th root of unity in $\mathbb{C}$, and $\alpha,\beta$ be $\pm1$ sequences of length $l$, i.e. $\alpha_k=\pm1,\beta_k=\pm1$ for ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Inverses of the sums of all possible subsets of a set of symmetric and positive definite matrices

I have a set of $c$ matrices $A_1 ... A_c$ which are all symmetric and positive definite. I would like to calculate the inverses of all the possible sums, i.e.
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

200 views

### On the linear transformation between matrix space

Suppose we have two matrix subspaces, $n\times n$ matrix subspace $S_1$ and $m\times m$ matrix subspace $S_2$. Every element of $S_1$ and $S_2$ is complex symmetric matrix.
Suppose there exists ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### Largest entry of the inverse matrix?

I wonder if there is a "qualitative way" of predicting from the structure ix of the matrix $A$ which entry of $A^{-1}$ will be the largest. I am specially interested in the case
that $A$ is a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

559 views

### Computing the characteristic polynomial without determinants

Given this matrix:
$\\\
A=\left( \begin{array}{cccccccc}
3 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\\
1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & -1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\\
0 & 3 & ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Numerical linear algebra: how to compute $B^TC^{−1}B$ efficiently

Hi,
my question is similar to this one. I have to compute $B^TC^{−1}B$, where $C$ is a strictly positive definite $n\times n$ matrix and $B$ is $n\times m$.
The matrix $C$ is huge ($n$ up to a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

350 views

### Determine if a matrix is unimodular

Is deciding if an integer square matrix has determinant $\pm 1$ faster that calculating the determinant of the matrix?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

404 views

### A reference on semisimple linear algebra

Is there any literature where the tools familiar from (multi)linear algebra are systematically transferred to the setting of semisimple modules over noncommutative rings?
In fact this question is a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### reference for perturbation of projection result

Let $A$ and $B$ have the same rank and dimensions. If $P_A$ denotes the projection onto the range space of $A$, then
$$
\|P_A - P_B\|_2 \leq \|A - B\| \cdot \min (\|A^\dagger\|_2, \|B^\dagger\|_2).
$$
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

211 views

### concentration for eigenvectors

I am interested in bounding from above the ratio between the maximum and minimum entries of a Perron vector. The only results that I found in the literature are from the classic masters (Ostrowski and ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

558 views

### Status of Hadamard matrix conjecture

I would like to know if any progress has been made on Hadamard conjecture : There exists a Hadamard matrix of order $n=4k$ $\forall k \in \mathbb{N}$.

**5**

votes

**0**answers

356 views

### A class of determinants associated to Catalan-like Hankel determinants

The following matrices are related to some Catalan-like Hankel matrices. My question is whether direct computations of determinants of such matrices (i.e. without recourse to Hankel determinants) ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### minimal polynomial for a graph

I wonder if there is any result relating the degree $d$ of the minimal polynomial of a directed finite graph to any of its topological features - such as its diameter, or any other similar 'natural' ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Strong convexity of the trace of the square root of a matrix function

Any clues about how to prove that the following function is strongly-concave in $x$? (We conjecture it is $2$-strongly concave but cannot prove it. We have already proved strict concavity through ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### A question on hyperplanes in partial linear spaces and hypergraphs

A partial linear space (or a linear hypergraph) is a point line geometry $(P,L,I)$ where for every pair of points there is at most one line incident with both of them. A hyperplane in a partial linear ...