Questions about the properties of vector spaces and linear transformations, including linear systems in general.

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0
votes
1answer
43 views

Minimal dimension of a Lie algebra of matrices, with a restrictive property

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a sub-Lie-algebra of $\mathfrak{gl}_n(\mathbb{C})$, the Lie algebra of complex $n\times n$ square matrices. Let us call $(H)$ the hypothesis: for all $x, y\in\mathbb{C}^n$, ...
5
votes
0answers
202 views

Does this inequality always hold?

Denote the adjacency matrix of a given undirected graph by $g$. It is an $n$-by-$n$ symmetric Boolean matrix with elements on the diagonal to be zero ($n\geq 3$). Let $g_{12}=g_{21}=g_{13}=g_{31}=1$ ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Notions of consistency / heterogeneity in sets of vector values?

The problem Let us consider a row vector u of size $n\in\mathbb{N}$, containing only binary values (0,1): $$u=(u_1 \cdots u_n), n\in\mathbb{N}$$ $$\forall i \in \{1\ldots n\}, u_i \in\{0,1\}$$ I ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

dual basis of cohomology algebra [migrated]

Let $H^*(M)$ be the cohomology algebra of oriented manifold $M$ with rational coefficients. Let $\{b_i\}$ be a basis of $H^*(M)$ as a vector space over $\mathbb{Q}$. Let the dual basis be ...
0
votes
1answer
278 views

Find the following transformation $G$

I asked this question 6 days ago on math.stackexchange.com (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/656585/find-the-following-transformation-g). I didn't get any answers yet, so I'm posting here. I'm ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Submultiplicative matrix norm: Max Norm

Various sources claim that a maximum norm $||A||_{max}=\max_{i,j}|a_{ij}|$ is not submultiplicative, i.e. $||AB||_{max}\not\leq||A||_{max}||B||_{max}$. Where can I find what norm a,b satisfy ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Dense symmetric unitary integer matrix?

Can someone give me a nontrivial example of a symmetric unitary integer matrix? I'm looking for something as dense as possible (i.e., not too many 0's); 5 <= size <= 8 would be ideal.
9
votes
1answer
335 views

Why does this antisymmetric product factor out a determinant?

Consider a generic $n \times n$ matrix $M$. Define the $(n-1) \times n$ matrix $M_q$ to be $M$ with the $q$th row omitted, and assume that $M_q$ possesses a right inverse, $R_q$: $$R_q = M_q^T (M_q ...
4
votes
3answers
523 views

Algorithm for the intersection of a vector subspace with a cone of non-negative vectors

Hi, I would like to know whether there is some more effective way of how to compute an intersection of a vector subspace of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ with a cone of vectors with non-negative entries than the ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Hadamard / matrix product adjoint

First of all I would like to thank everyone over here at mathoverflow for their amazing generosity and help (for both pros and newbies like myself). I apologize if this question seems dumb; I'm a new ...
3
votes
1answer
225 views

How to calculate the square root of matrix $A+B$ perturbatively?

$A=diag\{\lambda_1,...,\lambda_n\}$ and $\lambda_i>0$, $B$ is a positive definite symmetric matrix and $max\{B_{ij} \}\ll min\{\lambda_i\}$ Note that the perturbative calculation of square root ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Diagonalizing a Certain Real and Symmetric Toeplitz Matrix

Consider $0\leq \alpha\leq 1$, and let $A_{\alpha}$ be the Toeplitz $n\times n$ matrix given by $$ A_\alpha := \begin{bmatrix} 1 & \alpha & \alpha^2 & \ldots &\alpha^{n-1} \\\ \alpha ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

Comparing iterative methods for linear systems

For a tridiagonal matrix of the from \begin{bmatrix} a & -b & \newline -b & a & -b \newline & \ddots & \ddots & \ddots \newline & & & & ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Computation of extreme rays of rational polyhedral cones - Hemmecke's project and lift algorithm

I am working on an implementation of Raymond Hemmecke's algorithm for finding generating sets of cones: http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0203105 Unfortunately I am struggling to make the algorithm work on ...
3
votes
2answers
304 views

Distributing the Hodge map over the wedge product

Let $(V,\langle,\rangle)$ be a finite dimensional inner product space, $V^{\wedge}$ it exterior algebra, and $\ast$ the Hodge star arising from $\langle,\rangle$. Does there exist any formula to ...
6
votes
5answers
270 views

The maximal eigenvalue of a symmetric Toeplitz matrix

Let $0\le x\le 1$ be a real number. Denote by $A_n(x)=(a_{ij})$ the $n$ by $n$ matrix such that $a_{ij}=x^{|i-j|}$ and let $\lambda_n(x)$ be the maximal eigenvalue of $A_n(x)$. Is there any ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Extension of scalars and projective limits

Consider a morphism of commutative rings $h\colon R\rightarrow S$. This gives rise to a functor $h^*\colon{\sf Mod}(R)\rightarrow{\sf Mod}(S)$, called scalar extension by means of $h$. This functor ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Showing a wedge product is nonzero

Let $V$ be a complex vector space of dimension $n$, equipped with a Hermitian inner product whose Kahler form we denote by $\omega$. Let's set $P = \bigwedge^{2p} V^*$ and $Q = \bigwedge^{2q} V^*$ for ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Expectation of Gaussian random vector & arbitrary function thereof?

I saw in a paper (https://www.princeton.edu/~wbialek/rome/refs/bialek+ruyter_05.pdf Eq.37) the following identity: where the <.> operator refers to a population average. No source or ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Reducing eigenvalues of symmetric PSD matrix towards 0: effect on ratios of original matrix elements?

Let $\boldsymbol{S}$ be $k \times k$ positive semi-definite real symmetric matrix with eigen decomposition $\boldsymbol{S} = \boldsymbol{X} \boldsymbol{\Lambda} \boldsymbol{X}'$ ...
4
votes
2answers
229 views

Eigenvectors of a symmetric positive definite Toeplitz matrix

I wish to efficiently compute the eigenvectors of an n x n symmetric positive definite Toeplitz matrix K. A full eigendecomposition would be even better. Although I assumed this would be a well ...
-3
votes
0answers
47 views

On ranks of matrix products [closed]

Tensor product of two matrices increases simultaneously sizes of product matrix, size of rank multiplicatively. Is there a function on two matrices which increases size multiplicatively while rank ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Matrix Elements of Real Representations

I asked this question over at Math.StackExchange and despite having had a bounty on it I did not receive an answer. Suppose that $G$ is a finite group and we have a unitary irreducible representation ...
4
votes
0answers
71 views

Geometric interpretation for partial trace?

This MO question asks for a geometric interpretation of the trace of a linear transformation. I'm wondering about a geometric interpretation of partial trace. Given a linear transformation $f: ...
5
votes
1answer
151 views

Dimensions of a vector space akin to modular symbols

The group $\operatorname{SL}_2(\mathbb Z)$ acts on polynomials in two variables $\mathbb C[x,y]$ via $A\cdot f(x,y)\mapsto f(A^{-1}.(x,y))$ where $(x,y)$ is regarded as a column vector. There are two ...
0
votes
0answers
169 views
0
votes
0answers
85 views

About distinct eigenvalues of a graph

if a graph with adjacency matrix $A$ and Laplacian $L$ has $k$ distinct eigenvalues then does this fact naturally help define or prove existence of a polynomial $p$ of degree $k-1$ such that ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Bound on the ratio of top 2 eigenvalues

Let $P$ be a $(n+1) \times (n+1)$ stochastic matrix such that $P_{ij}=\tau$ if $i \neq j$ and $P_{ii} = (1 - n\tau)$ where $0<\tau < \frac{1}{n+1}$. It is clear that the largest eigenvalue of ...
2
votes
1answer
292 views

Diagonalization of 4th order tensors

I have been wondering about the following problem... Let $n$ be a positive integer and denote by $M_n^s$ the space of symmetric $n\times n$ real matrices. Now, we look at the space $\mathcal ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Determinant of special diagonal matrix [migrated]

Suppose A is a square matrix of any order whose diagonal entries are integers which are pairwise prime and all other entries are 1. Is there any method to find determinant of this matrix A.
17
votes
1answer
1k views

Smallest eigenvalue of a tricky random matrix

While experimenting with positive-definite functions, I was led to the following: Let $n$ be a positive integer, and let $x_1,\ldots,x_n$ be sampled from a zero-mean, unit variance gaussian. Consider ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Changes in singular Values of matrix when adding row

I know that if a column is added to a matrix then the matrix largest signular value increases and the smallest singular value decreases. That is: Given matrix $A \in R^{m \text{x} n}$, $m>n$, and ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

Matrix inequality

Let $\mathbf{Z,R}$ two Hermitian semidefinite positive matrices with all eigenvalues larger than one. Intuition drives me that $\mathbf{R}^{-1/2}\mathbf{Z} \left(\mathbf{R}^{-1/2}\right)^H - ...
5
votes
0answers
83 views

A weak Perron-Frobenius property for sets of positive matrices

A popular form of the Perron-Frobenius theorem states the following result: if $A$ is a $d \times d$ real matrix all of whose entries are positive, then the spectral radius of $A$ is a simple ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Phase of the inner product between the elements of an ETF

I am doing research in compressive sampling for Cognitive Radio applications. While working on a project I came across with the following question: Is there any research about the phase of inner ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

On the stability analysis of a discrete difference system with multiplicative noise

If we assume that \begin{equation*} \rho \{\phi \otimes \phi+\psi \otimes \psi\}<1 \end{equation*} where $\rho$ denotes the spectral radius, then can we verify the following inequality holds ...
1
vote
0answers
142 views

Is there a method to simultaneously block-diagonalize a set of group matrices?

Assume that you are explicitly given the representation matrices of a group. How does one go about finding that common basis which will find the irreducible components of all of them simultaneously? ...
7
votes
1answer
418 views

Determine if a matrix is unimodular

Is deciding if an integer square matrix has determinant $\pm 1$ faster that calculating the determinant of the matrix?
2
votes
2answers
129 views

What is the maximal number of sub spaces of a fixed dimension such that there is another sub space which intersects them are all null

Let $\mathbb F_q$ be the finite field with $q$ elements. Suppose $V$ is a linear space of dimension $n$ over $\mathbb F_q$, and $r<n$. What is the maximal $k$ such that for arbitrary $k$ subspaces ...
-1
votes
1answer
188 views
5
votes
1answer
151 views

The Maximal $\ell_2$ norm of a signed sum of vectors

Suppose we have $n$ vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n.$ Consider the signed sum of these vectors: $$U(s_1,\ldots,s_n)=s_1 v_1+s_2 v_2 + \ldots + s_n v_n$$ where $s_j$'s can only take values of $+1$ or $-1.$ I ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

What are good bounds on ratios of subdeterminants?

Let $A$ be a symmetric matrix and $A_i$ be the matrix obtained from $A$ by dropping the $i^{th}$ row and column. Then what are some good bounds on the value of $\frac{det(A_i)}{det(A)}$ ? Using the ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Scalar restriction and scalar extension

Consider a morphism of commutative rings $h\colon R\rightarrow S$. This yields the two functors $h_*\colon{\sf Mod}(S)\rightarrow{\sf Mod}(R)$ (scalar restriction) and $h^*\colon{\sf ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Bounded domain matrix factorization

Assume we're trying to find $A\in [-1,1]^{n\times d}, B\in [-1,1]^{m\times d}$, from an observed matrix $C\in [-d,d]^{n\times m}$, where $C=AB^T$. The goal is to return $\widehat A, \widehat B$ such ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Trace Determinant [closed]

Let $A$ be an $n \times n$ matrix. Are there formulas that convert linear combinations of traces of powers of $A$ to determinant of $A$ and vice versa from linear combinations of determinants of ...
4
votes
2answers
193 views

Fixed space of the square of a symmetric matrix over $\mathbb{F}_2$

Let $M$ be an invertible symmetric $2n \times 2n$ matrix with entries in the finite field $\mathbb{F}_2$. Is $\mathrm{Ker}\ (M^2 - I_{2n})$ necessarily even dimensional?
0
votes
0answers
54 views

About bounding values of quadratic forms

It would be helpful if someone can share (either as references) examples of calculations/analysis which achieves bounding of values of quadratic forms in say either of the following situations, ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

A question on a trace inequality

Let $A, B\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ be symmetric positive definite matrices. It is easy to see $Tr(A^2+AB^2A)=Tr(A^2+BA^2B)$. Numerical experiments indicate $$Tr[(A^2+AB^2A)^{-1}]\ge ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Traces and projectors

Suppose that $V$ is a $\mathbb C$-vector space. I'm eventually interested in the infinite-dimensional case, but let's say for now that it's finite dimensional. Suppose that $\mathscr S$ is a ...
4
votes
2answers
97 views

Convexity of a (non-symmetric) function of matrices

Let $f : H_{n\times n} (\mathbb{C}) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be the function on Hermitian, positive semidefinite matrices $f(A) = \frac{M_i (A)}{\det(A)}$ where $M_i(A)$ is the determinant of the the ...