Questions about the properties of vector spaces and linear transformations, including linear systems in general.

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3
votes
0answers
34 views

Adjacency matrix, quivers

Let $Q$ be a quiver with finitely many edges and such that the underlying graph is connected. Let $I = \{1, \dots, n\}$ be the vertex set of $Q$, so we have $\mathbb{R}\{I\} \cong \mathbb{R}^n$. For ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Solving sparse linear least squares or a positive definite 5-band matrix system fast

I want to quickly solve linear least squares problem for $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ $$min_x \left\| A x - b \right\|_2^2$$ with a special sparse structure where each row in $A$ has only up to 4 ...
-4
votes
0answers
23 views

constant rate of change [on hold]

When downloading a large file, Travis noticed that the estimated time remaining to complete the download decreased by 35 seconds for each additional megabyte downloaded. When he started the download ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

The Condition Number of a Scaled Vandermonde

Let $V(x_1,..,x_n)$ be the Vandermonde induced by $x_1,..,x_n$ and Let $\tilde{V} = V(\frac{x_1}{h},...,\frac{x_n}{h})$. My intuition says that the condition number should be invariant to such ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

Positive Elements of a $\ast$-Algebra

In a $C^*$-algebra ${\cal A}$, a positive element is a one of the form $aa^*$, for some $a \in {\cal A}$. It is known that the set of positive elements is a cone, and that for $a,b$ two non-zero ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Set of density matrices

A density matrix is a matrix $\rho \in \mathscr{D}:=\{A \in \mathbb{C}^{n \times n}; A^*=A; \operatorname{tr}(A)=1; A \ge 0\}.$ In Quantum Mechanics it is natural to look at a group action $\Phi: ...
-4
votes
0answers
40 views

Algebra II exercise (help) [on hold]

Can anyone please help me with this exercise for my exam? It says: 1)Given S={(x₁,x₂,x₃) ∈ R^3 : x₁ + x₂ -2x₃ = 0}. a)Prove that S is a subspace. b)For each of the matrices A shown, check if ...
15
votes
2answers
788 views

Optimizing the condition number

Suppose I have a set $S$ of $N$ vectors in $W=\mathbb{R}^m,$ with $N \gg m.$ I want to choose a subset $\{v_1, \dots, v_m\}$ of $S$ in such a way that the condition number of the matrix with columns ...
53
votes
11answers
6k views

Geometric proof of the Vandermonde determinant?

The Vandermonde matrix is the $n\times n$ matrix whose $(i,j)$-th component is $x_j^{i-1}$, where the $x_j$ are indeterminates. It is well known that the determinant of this matrix is $$\prod_{1\leq ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Polynomials with positive coefficients passing through fixed points/range of Vandermonde matrices

I'll give two equivalent statements of the setup, then give my questions. Fix integers $M \leq N$ and define the Vandermonde-like matrix $V_{M,N}[i,j] = (1 - \frac{i}{M})^{j-1}$ for $i \in ...
-3
votes
0answers
38 views

eigenvalues of cycle and its complement [on hold]

I am trying to find the eigenvalue of cycle graph and its complement. How to simplify.Suppose $\omega^{1}+\omega^{n-1}=2cos (2\pi/n) $, then, $\omega^{\frac{n-1}{2}}+\omega^{\frac{n+1}{2}}=?$ Is it ...
-4
votes
0answers
26 views

What is the upper bound for training Linear separable set with Perceptron, Rosenblatt rule? [on hold]

I have the following neural networks problem and couldnt find any answer on the web. Any hints would help. I am not looking for a complete solution, just some pointing in the right direction. ...
3
votes
1answer
231 views

Rank changes with matrix edits

Assume we have rank $r$ real matrix $M\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ (not constrained to symmetric). Assume $W\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ is rank $1$ real matrix. Case $1$: $M+W\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$. Could ...
-1
votes
0answers
37 views

A question on spectrum [migrated]

Let $A,B \in {C^{n \times n}}$ and ${\sigma (A + B)}$ is spectrom of $(A+B)$. Suppose $M = \left\{ {\lambda \in C:\lambda \in \sigma (A + B),\left\| B \right\| \le \varepsilon } \right\}$ $F(A) = ...
-3
votes
0answers
40 views

Decomposition of orthogonal matrix into 2 orthogonal matrices [on hold]

Is there anyway to find a decomposition of orthogonal matrix $A$ into 2 orthogonal matrices $P$ and $Q$ such that $A = PQ^T$?
-1
votes
0answers
56 views

Interpolating Product of two Polynomials

Consider we have two non-constant polynomials $A(x)$ and $B(x)$. We define the polynomials over field $\mathbb{Z}_p$, for a large prime number $p$. We define Polynomial $A(x)$ as follows: ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Interpolating a Polynomial Given Multiplier of each $y_i$

It would be great even if you answer only one of the below questions. We have polynomial $P(x)=(x-\beta)\cdot g(x)$, where degree of $P(x)$ is fixed n-1, $\beta$ chosen uniformly at random from the ...
0
votes
2answers
95 views

Estimating the shift in the $\lambda_{max}$ of a matrix under a diagonal perturbation

Given a matrix $A$ and a diagonal matrix $D$, what ways do we have to estimate, $\lambda_{max}(A+D) - \lambda_{max}(A)$? (Feel free to make other assumptions about the matrices that they are all ...
3
votes
2answers
92 views

Spectral theorem from Jordan decomposition in infinite dimensions

The finite-dimensional spectral theorem is a simple special case of the finite-dimensional Jordan decomposition. We also have various infinite-dimensional generalizations of the spectral theorem; can ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

Matrix equation

Let $A$ be $k\times n$ matrix i.e., $A=(a_{1},\ldots, a_{n})$ where $a_{j} \in \mathbb{R}^{k}$, $rank(A)=k$ and $1\leq k \leq n$. Let $q=(q_{1},\ldots, q_{n})\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ be such that ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Interpolating a polynomial when we permute part of $y_i$'s

Let $\vec{x}=[x_1,...,x_n]$ be elements of field $\mathbb{Z}_p$, where $p$ is a large prime. $x_i \neq x_j$, $x_i \in \mathbb{Z}_p$. Note $x_i$ values are NOT picked uniformly random and they are ...
2
votes
1answer
205 views

Two Concepts of Monotonicity

Let $K$ be a closed convex subset in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $F: K\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$. We say that $F$ is strongly monotone on $K$ if there exists $\gamma>0$ such that $$ \langle F(y)-F(x), ...
4
votes
0answers
40 views

$AXB$ sort of decomposition? [migrated]

Let $f: M_n(\mathbb{C}) \to M_n(\mathbb{C})$ be a $\mathbb{C}$-linear map (not necessarily an algebra homomorphism). Do there exist matrices $A_1, \dots, A_d \in M_n(\mathbb{C})$ and $B_1 \dots, B_d ...
6
votes
1answer
157 views

Computation Time of Smith Normal Form in Maple

I am using maple to compute the Smith Normal Form of a matrix of size 120*120 and it seems that I will never get an answer back. I have checked my code for small cases and I believe that it is ...
4
votes
0answers
150 views

Can we drop commutativity assumption?

Let $A$ be an associative algebra with a unit over a field $k$. fix $n > 1$. Define a $k$-algebra structure on the vector space $A^{\otimes n} = A \otimes_k \dots \otimes_k A$ (where there are $n$ ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Number of linearly bisected subsets in finite vector space $F_2^n$

We consider the $n$-dimenstional finite vector space $\mathbb{F}_2^{n}$ over the finite field of two elements. For a subset $A\subseteq \mathbb{F}_2^{n}$ of even size $|A|=2m$ and a linear form ...
-5
votes
0answers
40 views

Function that outputs only 1 or 0 depending on sign of variable? [closed]

Is there a single variable (preferably simple) function which equals 0 for any positive input and 1 for any negative input, or vice versa?
5
votes
1answer
272 views

Number of matrices with given Smith normal form

Denote with $\mathcal{M}$ the set of $(m \times n)$-matrices with integer coefficients bounded by some $K$. Given a matrix $B \in \mathcal{M}$ that is in Smith normal form, is anything known about the ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Avoiding the range of a bivariate integer function or Diophantine function [closed]

I have a bivariate integer function $f(x,y)=5+23x+7y+30xy$ where $x,y \geq 0$ and are integers. The lattice points of this function, or its range contain a large number of values. I'm trying to see if ...
3
votes
1answer
155 views

On the search for an explicit form of a particular integral

Let $f$ be integrable over the interval $(0, 1)$, and $$I_n = \int_0^{1} x^n f(x) \, \mathrm{d}x.$$ Suppose $f(x) = f(1-x)$; we can then show that $$I_n = \sum_{k=0}^{n} \binom{n}{k} (-1)^k \, ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Sum of two parts of a continuous stochastic process

Let $X$ be a centered continuous stochastic process which is square integrable on $[0,2]\times \Omega$ and the basis of $L^2(0,2)$ is $\{e_i\}$. By using Karhunen-Leove Theorem one can write for all ...
4
votes
0answers
86 views

An inequality from the “Interlacing-1” paper

This question is in reference to this paper, http://annals.math.princeton.edu/wp-content/uploads/annals-v182-n1-p07-p.pdf (or its arxiv version, http://arxiv.org/abs/1304.4132) For the argument to ...
-3
votes
0answers
46 views

How to find $B$ by solving the following linear system: $s_k$ $B$ ${s_k}^T$ $=1,$ [closed]

How to find $B$ by solving the following linear system: $s_k$ $B$ ${s_k}^T$ $=1,$ $\qquad$ for $k=1 ... ,p$. Where $s_k$ is a $1\times3$ row_vector from the matrix $S= [s_1 ... ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

About distinct eigenvalues of a graph

if a graph with adjacency matrix $A$ and Laplacian $L$ has $k$ distinct eigenvalues then does this fact naturally help define or prove existence of a polynomial $p$ of degree $k-1$ such that ...
6
votes
2answers
865 views

Computation of a Drazin inverse

I need to compute the Drazin inverse $A^D$ of a singular M-matrix $A$, i.e., a matrix in the form $A=\lambda I -P$, where $P$ has nonnegative entries and $\lambda$ is the spectral radius (Perron ...
5
votes
0answers
100 views

Biggest (or large) rectangle in a polytope

I need an efficient method to construct a (hyper)rectangle inside a polytope with a lot of dimensions (say $100 < d < 1000$). Ideally I'd want the biggest possible rectangle, but as I don't ...
0
votes
1answer
327 views

Find the following transformation $G$

I asked this question 6 days ago on math.stackexchange.com (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/656585/find-the-following-transformation-g). I didn't get any answers yet, so I'm posting here. I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

A question in compact set

Definitions: ${A_j},{\Delta _j} \in {C^{n \times n}},(j = 0,1,2....m)$ ${\rm{P(}}\lambda {\rm{) = }}{{\rm{A}}_m}{\lambda ^m} + .....{A_1}\lambda + {A_0}$ is a matrix polynomial, and $\lambda $ is ...
6
votes
0answers
151 views

When is a polynomial ring free over a graded subalgebra?

Keep the setting of my previous question and let $I := k[x_1, \dots, x_n] \cdot A_{>0}$ be an ideal of the algebra $k[x_1, \dots, x_n]$ generated by the set $A_{>0}$. It is clear that $I$ is a ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Equivalence classes of pairs linear transformations

Consider the set of 4-tuples: $$S_{(x, y), k} = \{ (a_i, b_i, a_j, b_j) : \|a_ixb_i - a_jyb_j\|_F^2 = k \}$$ for $a \in GL(m, \mathbb{R})$, $b \in GL(n, \mathbb{R})$, $x, y \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Transversality in Morse theory, linear algebra version

I am working on a product in Morse-Bott homology which has led me to the following considerations and unanswered question. I would be very grateful if anyone could help. Suppose $H:\mathbb{R}^n \to ...
15
votes
2answers
502 views

Matrix equation $XAXBXC=I$

Let $A,B,C$ be unitary matrices. Does there always exist a unitary matrix $X$ such that $$(XA)(XB)(XC)=I,$$ where $I$ is the identity matrix? The quadratic equation $(XA)(XB)=I$ has the solution ...
0
votes
1answer
245 views

Comparing iterative methods for linear systems

For a tridiagonal matrix of the from \begin{bmatrix} a & -b & \newline -b & a & -b \newline & \ddots & \ddots & \ddots \newline & & & & ...
4
votes
3answers
134 views

Is an associative division algebra required for this phenomenon?

For which integers $d \geq 1$ can we find real matrices $R_1, \dotsc, R_d$ of size $d \times d$ such that for any unit vector $v \in \mathbb{R}^d$, $$R_1 v, \dotsc, R_d v$$ is an orthonormal basis? ...
3
votes
1answer
250 views

Classes of finite resoluble groups which are (faithfully) representable by triangular matrices?

Let $G$ be a group, $k$ a field and $T(n,k)\subset Gl(n,k)$, the group of invertible upper triangular $n\times n$ matrices. I know that if $\rho : G\rightarrow T(n,k)$ is faithful (i.e. into) then ...
2
votes
0answers
187 views

Largest eigenvalues distribution of tridiagonal symmetric random matrix

I would like to find the largest eigenvalue distribution of the following tridiagonal symmetric random matrix in an analytic way. All the ${\lambda}_i$ are distributed the same way with chi-square ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Is there relation between vector valued RKHS and interpolation space?

Vector valued RKHS which is covered extensively in the book "Pick Interpolation and Hilbert function spaces" . In a different context interpolation space is defined in the wikipedia link: ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Possible lower bound in quantum many body system with non-local terms

I am asking a question related to Lieb-Robinson bound and nonlocality. As we know from Lieb-Robinson theorem (see e.g. http://arxiv.org/abs/1008.5137): Suppose a Hamiltonian system is local, i.e. ...
-1
votes
0answers
47 views

Orbit closures of symmetric bilinear form [migrated]

Let $A$ and $B$ be two real symmetric matrices in $M_n(\mathbb{R})$. I would like to learn about necessary and sufficient conditions for knowing when $B \in \overline{GL_n(\mathbb{R})\cdot A}$; where: ...
2
votes
1answer
256 views

Is there an algorithm to test whether a vector is an eigenvector of a power of a matrix?

Given a square matrix $A\in k^{n\times n}$ and a vector $x\in k^n$ over some field $k$, is there an algorithm to test whether there are $s\in\mathbb{N}$ and $\lambda\in k$ such that $A^sx=\lambda x$? ...