**3**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Commutative decomposition for full-rank $A$ and low-rank $B$ matrices that do not commute

1. Motivation
Consider symmetric matrices $A,B\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$, and let $A$ be full-rank and $B$ be low-rank. The simultaneous block-diagonalization, defined as the following
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

97 views

### Pre- and post-multiplication by diagonal matrices [closed]

Let $\mathbf{1}$ denote an $n\times 1$ vector with all entries equal to 1. Given an $n\times n$ matrix A with strictly positive entries, and non-negative diagonal matrices $D_1$ and $D_2,$ evaluate ...

**13**

votes

**6**answers

737 views

### Does the linear automorphism group determine the vector space?

I was recently thinking about what it means to put structure on a set. It seems to me that, in my area (representation theory), the two main ways of imposing structure on a set $X$ are:
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

78 views

### Nonlinear system of equations whereas most of the equations are linear. How to minimise operation?

Let us say we have a n * n system of equations like KU=F where K is a n*n matrix and U and F are n*1 vectors. K and F are defined and the final goal is to find U values.
K is a sparse banded matrix ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

234 views

### Ratio of entries of A and log A where A is a triangular matrix

Consider triangular matrices $A = \left( {a(n,k)} \right)$ of arbitrary order with $a(n,k) = 0$ if $n + k$ is odd and $a(n,n - 2k) = \frac{{n!}}{{k!(n - 2k)!}}\frac{{(m + n - k - 1)!}}{{(m + n - ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### minimal polynomial for a graph

I wonder if there is any result relating the degree $d$ of the minimal polynomial of a directed finite graph to any of its topological features - such as its diameter, or any other similar 'natural' ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Let $R$ be a $M\times N$ matrix with rational entries, Is $|(R\mathbb{Z}^N)/\mathbb{Z}^M|=|(R^T\mathbb{Z}^M)/\mathbb{Z}^N|$?

Let $R$ be a $M\times N$ matrix with rational entries, $R\mathbb{Z}^N$ be the image of $\mathbb{Z}^N$ under R.
Consider a equivalent relation on $R\mathbb{Z}^N$ defined by
$a\sim b$ if $a-b\in ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

306 views

### Partial inverse of a matrix - or does it have its own name?

In my calculations I need to use something which is "between" a matrix and its inverse. That is, I invert only some dimensions. I am interested if it has an established name.
That is, a matrix (here ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### When exactly and why matrix multiplication became a part of undergraduate curriculum?

The story about Heisenberg inventing matrices and matrix multiplication in 1925 is very well known and well documented. Few weeks later Born and Jordan picked this and recognized the matrix ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

53 views

### Decomposition of non-singular matrix [closed]

Is there any way to show that a non-singular matrix A can be partitioned as follows:
\begin{eqnarray*}
A&=&\left[
\begin{array}{cc}
\underset{\left( k\times k_{1}\right) ...

**39**

votes

**1**answer

963 views

### Determinant of a determinant

Consider an $mn \times mn$ matrix over a commutative ring $A$, divided into $n \times n$ blocks that commute pairwise. One can pretend that each of the $m^2$ blocks is a number and apply the $m ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Product $PVPVP$ is elementwise nonnegative?

Let $P\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be the inverse of a positive definite M-matrix and $V\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be any diagonal matrix. Prove (or disprove) that $PVPVP$ is elementwise nonnegative.
...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

122 views

### Minimize distance between centroids of subsets of points

In a n-dimensional space, I want to divide a set of m points into v (non-empty) subsets.
I want to minimize the sum of the pairwise Euclidean distances between the centroids of the resulting subsets.
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Anti-bidiagonal matrix with main anti-diagonal {1,2,3,…} and first sub-anti-diagonal {-1,-2,-3,…} has eigenvalues lambda={1,-2,3,-4,…}

Consider the anti-bidiagonal matrix $B_6\in\mathbb{R}^{6\times 6}$, defined along its anti-diagonals as follows
$$
B_6=\begin{bmatrix} & & & & & 6\\
& & & ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

621 views

### Proving that the kernel of this matrix is of dimension 2

(Edit : see at the bottom of the question for an additional surprising possible hint.)
Using a computational software program, I found that the kernel of the following matrix is of dimension 2 when ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

194 views

### Do singular values dominate eigenvalues?

Suppose $A$ is an $n \times n$ complex matrix with singular values $s_1 \ge s_2 \ge \cdots \ge s_n$ and eigenvalues $(\lambda_i)_{i=1}^{n}$ arranged so that $|\lambda_1| \ge |\lambda_2| \ge \cdots ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

169 views

### Question on Posets and open sets [closed]

i'm sorry if my question is really trivial but this one is really bugging me out..
So let's have a partially ordered set $I$ with the topology in which the open sets are the increasing ones: $i\in U$ ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

190 views

### Are sums of 0-1 Pareto efficient vectors Pareto efficient?

Does there exist $m,n\ge1$, an $m \times n$ matrix $A$, and a vector $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ such that:
The entries of $A$ are $\in \{0, 1\}$.
For all pairs of columns $u, v$ of $A$ the entries of $u - ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### Questions about some special tensor transformation

Suppose tensor $U_{i\alpha\beta}$ with dimension $M*N*N$ satisfy following condition:
$$U_{i\beta\alpha}=W^1_{\alpha\alpha'}W^2_{\beta\beta'}U_{i\alpha'\beta'}$$
where $W^1$ and $W^2$ are $N*N$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

155 views

### Is the notation ${}^t g$ for the transpose of a linear transformation intended to be suggestive?

The notation ${}^t g$ for the transpose of a linear transformation is, in my view, quite unusual: otherwise (at least in many areas of math), one almost never sees subscripts or superscripts appearing ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Which nonnegative matrices have exact nonnegative matrix factors of smaller dimensionality?

The nonnegative matrix
$V = \left( \begin{array}{cc}
1 & 1 \\
1 & 1 \end{array} \right)$
has nonnegative matrix factors $W = \left( \begin{array}{c} 1 \\ 1 \end{array} \right)$ and $H = ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Is there an efficient way to compute the “complete subset regression”?

Background: Let $X \in \mathbb{R}^{N\times K}$ and $y \in \mathbb{R}^{N\times 1}$ be data for a regression problem. The aim is to find $\beta \in \mathbb{R}^{K\times 1}$ such that $X\beta \approx y$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Linearly constrained eigenvalue problem

Suppose I'd like to:
\begin{align}
\mathop{\text{min}}_\mathbf{x} && \mathbf{x}^T\mathbf{A}\mathbf{x} \\
\text{subject to:} && \mathbf{x}^T \mathbf{M} \mathbf{x} = 1\\
&& ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

50 views

### How to restructure adjacency matrix $A$ from shortest distance matrix $B$ in Network topology inference

An undirected graph with $n$ nodes could be referred to as an adjacency matrix $A$. $A=[a_{ij}]_{n×n}$ with $a_{ij}=a_{ji}=1$ standing for there being an edge between node $i$ and node $j$, and no ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Writing a complex orthogonal matrix as a conjugation by real orthogonal matrices

Let $Q\in O(n,\mathbb C)$ be a complex orthogonal matrix. I would like to know if $Q$ can always be written as $Q = T^{-1}ST$, where $T\in O(n,\mathbb R)\subset O(n,\mathbb C)$ and $S$ belongs to some ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

59 views

### Looking for algorithms based on sorting [closed]

i am looking for algorithms which use sorting in low-dimensional space like $R$ and how they are generalized for higher-dimensional spaces like $R^2$ where there is no sorting possible. (i.e. numbers ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

128 views

### eigenvalue estimate of the adjacency matrix

The adjacency matrix of a nonempty (undirected) graph has a strictly positive largest eigenvalue $\lambda_\max$. A very easy upper estimate for it can be obtained directly by Gershgorin's theorem:
$$
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

265 views

### Is there a Gröbner basis analogue that exists for vector spaces?

Suppose I have a coordinate system $t_1,\ldots t_N$ with a lexicographical ordering. Let LT denote choosing the lowest term of a polynomial with respect to this ordering. e.g. LT$(t_1 + t_2)=t_2$.
...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

121 views

### Can any antilinear involution be trivialized by a change of basis?

Consider an antilinear involution, that is an antilinear map on a complex vector space, whose matrix $M$ obeys $MM^*=1$ where the star denotes complex conjugation. Can we find a change of basis whose ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

226 views

### Generalized Cauchy-Binet sum over a fixed subset of indices

I originally posted this on math.stackexchange, but it quickly got buried. I removed it not too long after, thinking of rewriting it for MO, but I didn’t have a chance to post it until now. Apologies ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

145 views

### Linearly independent family of sequences of rationals with a cardinal equal to the continuum

I'm coming back to this question. Is it possible to have "an explicit" linearly independent family of sequences of rationals with a cardinal equal to the continuum?
PS: sorry for the duplicate on the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### The space of sequences of rationals and its dimension [duplicate]

In the following page, I give an example of a vector space not isomorphic to its double dual.
I use the space $E$ of sequences of reals. Its dimension (over the field of the reals) is the one of the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Random matrices whose limit gives exact Wigner surmise

Let $M$ come from an ensemble of $N\times N$ matrices. The Wigner surmise is density function $p^W_0(s)=\frac{\pi}{2}se^{-\pi s^2/4}$. From a random matrix point of view, we can write ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

76 views

### MInors related problem [closed]

A matrix $A$ has $m$ rows and $n$ colums, such that $m \leq n$. We know that each row of $A$ has the norm $1$ (the norm of an element $x=(x_1,x_2,...,x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n$ is ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

207 views

### Why is the spectrum of this matrix product invariant with respect to order of the multiplicants?

I've been chewing on the following problem for some time and I just don't have any more ideas how to tackle it. I have matrices $A_1,...,A_k \in \mathbb R^{n\times n}$ and I'm observing that the ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

### Hlawka inequality for determinants of positive definite matrices

It is mentioned here that if $A, B, C\in M_{n}(\mathbb C)$ are positive semidefinite, then $$\det (A+B+C)+\det C\ge \det (A+C)+\det (B+C)$$ (quoted from this article) and the special case ($C=\bf 0$) ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Eigenvalues of this matrix

I have a linear map that is defined by $$T:\text{lin}(1,...,x^m) \rightarrow \text{lin}(1,...,x^m) \text{ with}$$ $$x^k \mapsto 2w(k-m)x^{k+1}+(k^2-k-w^2)x^k-2kwx^{k-1}+(k-k^2)x^{k-2}$$
Let me give a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### Compute only selected components of an eigenvector

I am wondering whether it is possible to compute portions of the eigenvectors of a given (possibly very big) matrix. More formally, consider the eigenvalue problem $\mathbf{Ax} = \lambda \mathbf{x}$, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### $n$ columns of a specific “infinite” Vandermonde matrix always linearly independent? [closed]

Consider the "infinite" Vandermonde matrix
$$
V (x_1, x_2, \ldots , x_n) =
\begin{pmatrix}
1 & x_1 & x_1^2 & \cdots & x_1^{n-1} & x_1^n & x_1^{n+1} & \cdots \\
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Let $A\in\operatorname{M}_n(F)$ be a matrix, how to prove $\bigcap_{X\in C(A)}C(X)=F[A]=\frac{F[x]}{(m_A(x))}$

I asked the following question on Math Stack Exchange, but no people reply. I know MO is more professional and it is for mathematicians to discuss research problems. Maybe this question is unsuitable ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### Action of rotation group on Matrices [closed]

Is the following assertion true?
Suppose $p, q \geq 3$. Consider the action of $SO(p,\mathbb{R})$ on $p \times q$ matrices by left multiplication. I want to show that $MA = A$, where $M \in ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### A problem that involves matrix and Lorentz Transformation [closed]

To be clear I address the question in two parts as below. All matrixes involved are real four-dimensional matrixes.
$1.$Let $G$ be the matrix $diag(1,-1,-1,-1)$. $A$ is a matrix satisfying $A G ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

88 views

### Connection between eigenvalues of A and its LDL decomposition

Consider an undirected graph $G$ with $N$ vertices and its adjacency matrix $n_{ij}$: $n_{ij} = 1$ if vertices $i$ and $j$ are connected by an edge and $n_{ij} = 0$ otherwise. Consider $A_{ij} \equiv ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

121 views

### The set of matrices with same spectral radius

I am working on an optimization problem over the set of positive matrices (that is, matrices where all entries are positive numbers) that have the same spectral radius. My main problem is how to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Dimension of the sum of images of transpose

$\newcommand{\rank}{\operatorname{rank}}\newcommand{\im}{\operatorname{im}}$
Given $A,B\in M_{n\times n}(k)$, define $\rank(A,B):=\dim(\im A+\im B)$. I'm looking for results regarding relationships ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

356 views

### What is known about the distribution of eigenvectors of random matrices?

Let $A$ be a real asymmetric $n \times n$ matrix with i.i.d. random, zero-mean elements. What results, if any, are there for the eigenvectors of $A$? In particular:
How are individual eigenvectors ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Solution to generalized Sylvester equation

I am interested in solving generalized Sylvester equations (for $X$) of the form:
$$ \sum_{j=1}^k A_j X B_j^T = F, $$
where $A_j,B_j,X,F\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ and $k$, $n$ are integers. I will ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

85 views

### Reference request on operator matrices [closed]

I'm looking for a reference on linear, bounded, self-adjoint operators defined on the product space, $T:E\times F\to E\times F$ such that
$$Tx = \begin{pmatrix}A & B \\
C & D
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Symmetric Zero-Diagonal Matrices

Consider matrices with entries in a field $F$ of characteristic $2$. Let $\Omega$ denote the $2n\times2n$ matrix $\left[\begin{array}{ll}0&1_n\\1_n&0\end{array}\right]$. Then $X^t\Omega X$ is ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Speed up Linear programming

I have a linear programming problem like this:
minimize $c^t X$
under the constraint that $AX \ge b$.
I will need to solve this linear programming problem online many times. I need it to be as fast ...