**5**

votes

**2**answers

202 views

### Compute adjugate matrix over commutative ring

Let $A$ be a $n\times n$ matrix over a commutative ring. I'm looking for a good method to compute its adjugate matrix.
My current approach is to use the Cayley-Hamilton theorem:
$$\text{adj}(A) = ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

113 views

### Linear map of Zonotopes [closed]

Consider a linear system with a map $A: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow
\mathbb{R}^m$ such that $y = A x$ with $n \geq m$
The input space $x$ is constrained by a zonotope set $\mathcal{X}
\subseteq ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### $Ax=b$ in a function space

Let
$X$ be compact Hausdorff topological space,
$C(X)$ denote the algebra of complex-valued continuous functions on $X$,
$b\in \mathbb{C}^m$,
$\mathbf{A}\in C(X)^{m\times n}$,
for all $x\in X$, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

270 views

### (linear algebra) - Can a symmetric equilibrium achive higher social-welfare than some equilibrium with the same support?

EDIT: rewritting the question to linear algebra to make it more accessible.
Denote by $\Delta([n])$ the set of all probability distributions over $\{1,2,\ldots,n\}$, that is:
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

194 views

### Characteristic polynomial of Kronecker/tensor product

This was asked before on stackexchange but no answer was given. The question is the following:
Let $A$ and $B$ be matrices in $GL(n)$ and $GL(m)$ respectively. Their tensor product $A\otimes B$ is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### Estimate bounds on Minkowski distance from point to a segment in Lp space

Assumptions
Let
$L_p(x,y)=(\sum_i|x_i - y_i|^p)^{1/p}$ (Minkowski metric),
$a,b$ be arbitrary $n$-dimensional points,
$c$ be a point that satisfies $L_p(a,b) = L_p(a,c) + L_p(c,b)$, i.e., a point ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

72 views

### When a homogeneous map between vector spaces is also additive?

Suppose to have two real vector spaces $V$ and $W$ and an injective map $T:V\rightarrow W$ such that $T(\alpha v)=\alpha T(v)$ for all $v\in V$ and $\alpha \in\mathbb{R}$. Do there exist some ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Reasoning about dependent and independent quantities by “degrees of freedom”

In his classic textbook Foundations of the Theory of Probability Kolmogorov defines Independence a little bit differenent then it is usually done today. He denotes a probability space by $(E, \mathcal ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

137 views

### Number of *distinct* dot products of an integer vector by elements of a hyper-rectangle

Imagine a vector $\boldsymbol{v}$ composed of integers, and the set $S$ of all integer vectors within a hyper-rectange, with one corner at the origin and other at $\boldsymbol{m}$. In other words: $S ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

138 views

### Graphs whose degree vectors coincide for all powers of their adjacency matrices

Let symmetric $A,B \in \{0, 1\}^{n \times n}$ denote the adjacency matrices of two simple graphs. Further let $\mathbf{1}$ denote the all-one-vector.
Now assume that $A^k \mathbf{1} = B^k \mathbf{1}$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Sum of the entries of the inverse covariance matrix

Let $T \in\left(0,1\right)$, $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and $e_n = [1,\ldots,1]\in\mathbb{R}^n$. Consider the covariance matrix $\mathfrak{A}_n = ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Quaternion Wishart matrices of half-integer dimension?

For a physics application (quantum delay times of a chaotic scatterer) I need to generate $m$ positive random variables $\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\ldots\lambda_m$ with probability distribution
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Computer software for manipulating loop groups or matrices with polynomial entries

I need to deal with loop groups $LG$ over the complex numbers $\mathbb{C}$, as well as related spaces like the affine Grassmannian and affine flag variety a lot.
In type A, the loop group consists ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Perron-Frobenius theory for reducible matrices

Can someone suggest some sources/references dealing with the Perron-Frobenius theory for nonnegative matrices that are reducible?
Specifically, if $A\ge 0$ is a $d\times d$ matrix with no assumptions ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Resolvent of a triangular matrix

Suppose $A$ is a triangular matrix. What is the most efficient known algorithm to compute the polynomial (in $x$) matrix $(xI-A)^{-1}$?
Of course, $(xI-A)^{-1}= N(x)/p_A(x)$, where $p_A$ is the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### Example of proof using the generic matrix

There is a really nice proof of the Cayley-Hamilton Theorem using the generic matrix. I expose it briefly.
One defines the generic matrix $G:=(X_{ij})_{ij} ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Worst-Case Solution to (Stochastic) Matrix Inequality

EDIT: Some specific conjectures added.
This problem comes with an associated stochastic process, but I phrase everything as linear algebra in case somebody from a non-probability community has seen ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Powers of orthogonal matrices is closed [closed]

This might be a basic question, nonetheless I cannot give a proof.
Given an orthogonal matrix $A$ with eigendecomposition $A = Q \Lambda Q^{-1}$ with only non-real eigenvalues. Given also a diagonal ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Is there an improvement for the Schur-Horn inequalities for positive semi-definite matrices?

By the Schur-Horn inequality I am thinking of the statement that for any Hermitian matrix $H$ its diagonal n-tuple $(H_{11},H_{22},..,H_{nn})$ for any choice of basis lies in the convex hull of the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

191 views

### Eigenvalue of a linear map over finite field

Let $ F_q $ be a finite field with $ q $ elements.
Let $ g $ be a multiplicative generator of $ F_{q^2}^* $.
It implies that
$ <g^{q+1}> = F_q^* $.
Let $ l $ be a prime greater than $ q^2-1 ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Unitary factor in polar decompositions

Let $A, B$ be $n$-square (Hermitian) positive definite matrices. Let $AB=U|AB|$ be the polar decomposition of $AB$. So $U$ is unitary (called the unitary factor of $AB$). What is the optimal constant ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Powers of traces, integrals over spheres and class functions

I asked this on math.StackExchange a while back but got no answers. I hope I'll be forgiven for the double post.
Let $V$ be a complex vector space of dimension $\operatorname{dim}_{\mathbb C} V = n$, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Matrix equation

Let $A$ be $k\times n$ matrix i.e., $A=(a_{1},\ldots, a_{n})$ where $a_{j} \in \mathbb{R}^{k}$, $rank(A)=k$ and $1\leq k \leq n$. Let $q=(q_{1},\ldots, q_{n})\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ be such that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### Do the sequences with divergent associated $\zeta$-function form a vector space?

Let $V$ be the set of sequences $a \in\mathbb{R}^\mathbb{N}$ such that $\lim_{n\to\infty} a_n = 0$. The set $V$ can be seen as a real vector space, with pointwise addition and scalar multiplication.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### Can anyone help me deduce a matrix inequality?

The following lemma is taken from references firstly.
Lemma 1 [1-2] Given matrices $Q=Q^{T} , F, M$ and $N$ of appropriate dimensions, then $$Q+MFN+N^{T}F^{T}M^{T}<0$$
for all $F$ satisfying ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### In what sense is the Bayesian posterior mean a “convex combination”?

I asked this on math.stackexchange with no response, I'm hoping someone here might have something.
Suppose I want to estimate $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ from two signals with zero mean, normally ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

95 views

### Infinite matrices with a finite number of non-zero values on each row

The little bit of literature on infinite matrices I've been able to find studies a general setting in which the theory is hindered by constantly having to worry about whether or not various infinite ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

299 views

### How to prove that a kernel is positive definite?

For example, how to prove
$\forall(x,y)\in R^N\times R^N,K(x,y) = \displaystyle\frac{1}{1+\frac{||x - y||^2}{{\sigma}^2}}\\$
where $\sigma > 0$ is a parameter, is positive definite? I have tried to ...

**-3**

votes

**3**answers

307 views

### Determinant of matrix from set {-1, 1} [closed]

Let $A \in \mathbb{R}^{11 \times 11}$ and it's elements are form set $\{ -1,1 \}$. $\mathbb{P}(-1) = \mathbb{P}(1) = 0.5$. What is a probability to get such a matrix, that $\det A > 4000$?
I have ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Characterizing space that preserves positive-definiteness property

Given a symmetric positive-definite matrix $\Sigma$, consider the space $\mathcal{D}$ of diagonal matrices such that $\forall D\in\mathcal{D}$, the matrix $\Sigma-D\Sigma^{-1}D$ is positive definite. ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

266 views

### When does a Vandermonde-like matrix have full rank

I have a matrix which is similar to Vandermonde matrix except that the entries are monomials of degree $d$ polynomial in 2 variables. Each row has the following form:
$X_{i}= [1, x_{i}, y_{i}, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

38 views

### Distributing partially known data between n parties

Assume that $n = 2r+1$. There are $n$ elements $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n$ from a finite field $\mathcal{F}$, and $n$ parties. Each party knows the values of at least $r+1$ elements out of those $n$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Counting cosets of matrices of determinant > 1 under the action of a congruence subgroup

I tried asking this on math exchange, but no luck, so thought I'd try here.
Let $M_2(m,\mathbb{Z}) $ be the $2\times 2$ matrices with integer entries and determinant $m$. Let $\Gamma^0(N)$ be the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

19 views

### Composition of Lossless Systems from Delay and Mixing regarding junction admittance

Given $m_1, \dots m_N \in \mathbb{N}$ and matrix $\mathbf{A} \in \mathbb{C}^{N\times N}$.
Let us define a diagonal matrix $\mathbf{D}(z) = diag(z^{-m_1}, \dots, z^{-m_N})$ with $z\in\mathbb{C}$. ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

482 views

### About Sylvester's determinant

If $A$ is any $n \times m$ matrix and $B$ is any $m \times n$ matrix then one familiar form of the Sylvester's identity is $\det(I + AB) = \det(I + BA)$.
Now somehow curiously this above identity ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Dirichlet Characters as Eigenvectors

This was asked in Math Stackexchange here but generated no comments or answers. I have slightly edited the original question with the comment in the fourth paragraph and the explicit matrix example at ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Copositivity under tensor products

Is there any symmetric real matrix $A$ such that $A^{\otimes n}$ is copositive for all positive integers $n$, but such that A is neither positive semidefinite nor has just non-negative entries?
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Commutative decomposition for full-rank $A$ and low-rank $B$ matrices that do not commute

1. Motivation
Consider symmetric matrices $A,B\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$, and let $A$ be full-rank and $B$ be low-rank. The simultaneous block-diagonalization, defined as the following
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

97 views

### Pre- and post-multiplication by diagonal matrices [closed]

Let $\mathbf{1}$ denote an $n\times 1$ vector with all entries equal to 1. Given an $n\times n$ matrix A with strictly positive entries, and non-negative diagonal matrices $D_1$ and $D_2,$ evaluate ...

**13**

votes

**6**answers

754 views

### Does the linear automorphism group determine the vector space?

I was recently thinking about what it means to put structure on a set. It seems to me that, in my area (representation theory), the two main ways of imposing structure on a set $X$ are:
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

79 views

### Nonlinear system of equations whereas most of the equations are linear. How to minimise operation?

Let us say we have a n * n system of equations like KU=F where K is a n*n matrix and U and F are n*1 vectors. K and F are defined and the final goal is to find U values.
K is a sparse banded matrix ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

235 views

### Ratio of entries of A and log A where A is a triangular matrix

Consider triangular matrices $A = \left( {a(n,k)} \right)$ of arbitrary order with $a(n,k) = 0$ if $n + k$ is odd and $a(n,n - 2k) = \frac{{n!}}{{k!(n - 2k)!}}\frac{{(m + n - k - 1)!}}{{(m + n - ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### minimal polynomial for a graph

I wonder if there is any result relating the degree $d$ of the minimal polynomial of a directed finite graph to any of its topological features - such as its diameter, or any other similar 'natural' ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Let $R$ be a $M\times N$ matrix with rational entries, Is $|(R\mathbb{Z}^N)/\mathbb{Z}^M|=|(R^T\mathbb{Z}^M)/\mathbb{Z}^N|$?

Let $R$ be a $M\times N$ matrix with rational entries, $R\mathbb{Z}^N$ be the image of $\mathbb{Z}^N$ under R.
Consider a equivalent relation on $R\mathbb{Z}^N$ defined by
$a\sim b$ if $a-b\in ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

321 views

### Partial inverse of a matrix - or does it have its own name?

In my calculations I need to use something which is "between" a matrix and its inverse. That is, I invert only some dimensions. I am interested if it has an established name.
That is, a matrix (here ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### When exactly and why matrix multiplication became a part of undergraduate curriculum?

The story about Heisenberg inventing matrices and matrix multiplication in 1925 is very well known and well documented. Few weeks later Born and Jordan picked this and recognized the matrix ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

54 views

### Decomposition of non-singular matrix [closed]

Is there any way to show that a non-singular matrix A can be partitioned as follows:
\begin{eqnarray*}
A&=&\left[
\begin{array}{cc}
\underset{\left( k\times k_{1}\right) ...

**39**

votes

**1**answer

992 views

### Determinant of a determinant

Consider an $mn \times mn$ matrix over a commutative ring $A$, divided into $n \times n$ blocks that commute pairwise. One can pretend that each of the $m^2$ blocks is a number and apply the $m ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### Product $PVPVP$ is elementwise nonnegative?

Let $P\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be the inverse of a positive definite M-matrix and $V\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be any diagonal matrix. Prove (or disprove) that $PVPVP$ is elementwise nonnegative.
...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

128 views

### Minimize distance between centroids of subsets of points

In a n-dimensional space, I want to divide a set of m points into v (non-empty) subsets.
I want to minimize the sum of the pairwise Euclidean distances between the centroids of the resulting subsets.
...