# Tagged Questions

**1**

vote

**0**answers

64 views

### Dominant eigenvalue of sum of tridiagonal and diagonal matrices

Suppose I have a tridiagonal square matrix $A$ of some nice form, for which I know the eigenvalues $\lambda_1<\dots<\lambda_n$. $A$ is also essentially nonnegative (nonnegative everywhere except ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### An algebraic equation question [closed]

My question is this:
If $\frac{\sqrt[n]{\prod_{i=1}^n(p_i + 1)}}{\sqrt[n]{\prod_{i=1}^n(m_i + 1)}} = e ^\beta$
can I find an expression (either exact or approximate) for ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Algorithms to find the solutions of a homogenous matrix equations for non-commutative rings

In one paper from 1980 I found a note that there are no known algorithms for solving
homogenous matrix equations $x \cdot M = 0$ for matrices which elements belong to a non-commutative ring.
(The ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### Eigendecomposition of a summation of matrices [duplicate]

Can anyone tell me if there's a way to relate the eigendecomposition of the result of a summation of matrices with the eigendecomposition of those matrices?
More specifically:
If I have a matrix $K = ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Casson invariant

Part of the definition of the Casson invariant is that if you have an integer homology sphere $\Sigma$ and a knot $k,$ then $$\lambda(\Sigma + \frac{1}{m} k) - \lambda(\Sigma + \frac{1}{m+1} k)$$ does ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### Diagonalization for sums of Hermitian matrices

I found an interesting question about diagonalizable matrices,
Let $A,B\in \mathcal{M}_n(\mathbb{C})$ Hermitian, such that $AB\neq BA$.
Do there exist complex numbers $u\neq v$, such that $A+uB$ and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

53 views

### How do I prove a matrix A is self adjoint to an inner product? . [closed]

In the source question
B is an element of $M_n(R)$ and is a symmetic matrix
such that $v^tBv>0$.
Also $<.|.>$ is an inner product on $R^n$ called the $B$-inner product.
we are asked to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Efficiently factorize a KKT system with block diagonal upper corner

I have a system resulting from a quadratic energy minimization with linear equality constraints enforced with Lagrange multipliers which has the form:
\begin{equation}
A =
\left[\begin{array}{c|c}
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Symplectic block-diagonalization of a complex symmetric matrix

This is a follow-up question to the one asked here:
Given a complex symmetric $2n\times2n$-matrix $A$, i.e., $A\in \mathbb{C}^{2n\times2n}$ with $A = A^T$. Is it possible, to block-diagonalize $A$ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

47 views

### Linear Programm with matrix [closed]

Is there a name for problems like this
min norm(Cx)
Ax = b
where C is a matrix and norm is the maximum norm.
This is kind of like a linear Programm. Could this be rewritten as linear programm? Or Any ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Collecting terms of a linear expression with nested sums and combinatorics in coefficients

I need to collect the $\Pr(\cdot)$ terms of the following expression:
$\sum_{m=3}^{n}\frac{g_{m}\left( \cdot \right) }{\left( \sqrt{\theta \left(
1-\theta \right) }\right) ^{m}}\left[ ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

348 views

### Codimension of the range of certain linear operators

Assume that $P(x,y), Q(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials. We define a linear map
$D$ on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$ with $D(U)=PU_{x}+QU_{y}$. In fact $D$ is the derivational operator correspond ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### variation of the Lieb concavity theorem

A special case of the well known Lieb concavity theorem states that the following function is concave on positive operators A and B:
$$
(A,B) \to \text{Tr} \{A^s X B^{1-s} X^\dagger \}
$$
for $s \in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Injectivity of a linear logistic transform

The motivation for this question has to do with neural networks, but it is essentially a purely mathematical question.
Suppose you have a perceptron with one hidden layer, a bias, and a logistic ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Sets of cardinalities of bases without choice

For a vector space $V$, let $BS(V)$ be the set of cardinalities (not necessarily $\aleph$s) of bases of $V$. Of course, in ZFC each $BS(V)$ is a singleton, but supposing the axiom of choice fails, it ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Inverse problem with a rank-1 update

I hope you can help me out with this. I have to find the solution x to an inverse system
$$
x=A^{-1}b
$$
This inverse problem is basically a least square problem with a rank-1 update.
$$
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

203 views

### Find the Range of Function

What is the range of the map $\mathbb{C}^m\to\mathbb{C}^m$,
$$(z_1,\ldots,z_m)\mapsto (b_1,\ldots,b_m),$$
where $b_k=\prod_{j\neq k}(z_j-z_k)$ for $1\leq k\leq m$ ?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Any generic way to move a psd matrix to its neighbors?

Given a two positive matrices $A,B$. For simplicity, let's assume that $Tr A=Tr B=1$. Assume that $\|A-B\|_1\leq\varepsilon$, for some small $\varepsilon>0$, where $\|\cdot\|_1$ is the $l_1$-norm, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Multiplicity of Minimum Eigenvalue of a Convex Combination of Hermitian matrices?

Let $A_1,\dots,A_L$ be $N\times N$ hermitian matrices. Consider the problem
\begin{align}
\lambda^{\star}=\max_{}&\lambda_{min}\left(\sum_{i=1}^{L}r_iA_i\right) \\
&r_i\geq ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Characterization(?) of coersive(?) elements in the special linear group

Take your favorite matrix norm $\|\bullet\|$ (my favorite is the Frobenius norm $\|A\| = \sqrt{\operatorname{tr} A A^t}$). Now consider the set $S_x$ of matrices $A,$ such that
$\|A\| < x$ and ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

472 views

### What are the invariants of $U\otimes V\otimes W$ under action of $GL(U)\times GL(V) \times GL(W)$

The tensor product of some (finite dimensional real) vector spaces is acted on by the direct product of their general linear groups. I would like to know if there are explicit invariants in the case ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

61 views

### Lanczos algorithm with thick restart on a dynamic matrix

currently, I'm working on a way to compute the 2 biggest eigenvalues of a real, symmetric, huge and sparse matrix that changes a few entries from time to time. The problem should be solved using an ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

378 views

### Lift chain complex from $\mathbb{F}_2$ to $\mathbb{Z}$

We start with a finite dimensional chain complex over $\mathbb{F}_2$, equipped with a basis. That is, we have finitely many finite dimensional $\mathbb{F}_2$-vector spaces $C_0,\dots,C_k$ with bases ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

44 views

### Bounding Rayleigh quotioent for stochastic matrix

Suppose you have an irreducible, stochastic matrix $A$ with left Perron-Frobenius eigenvector $v$ (corresponding to the eigenvalue $1$), and suppose the next largest eigenvalue for $A$ is $\lambda$. ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### About partial uniqueness of SVD

In order to prove non-uniqueness of singular vectors when a repeated singular value is present, the book (Trefethen-Bau, considered the most authotitative book on the subject), argues as follows: Let ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### successive schur complements

If I have a large (e.g. 6000x6000), sparse, positive definite matrix $M$ (which may have individual entries everywhere, but most non-zero entries are on / around the diagional).
Divide $M$ into blocks ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

249 views

### Symmetric matrices with $\rho(A)\gg\|A\|_\infty$

For a symmetric real matrix $A$, denote by $\rho(A)$ the spectral radius of $A$, and by $\sigma(A)$ the largest absolute row sum of $A$; that is, $\sigma(A)=\max_i \sum_j |a_{ij}|$, where $a_{ij}$ are ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Norm bound of a complex resolvent

A well known result by Varah states that if $A$ is a strictly diagonally dominant matrix of dimension $n$, then
$\|A^{-1}\|_{\infty} \le \max_i\frac{1}{|a_{kk}|-\sum_{j \neq k}|a_{kj}|}$, where the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Simultaneous Tridiagonalization of a given set of hermitian matrices?

I have a set of $N\times N$ hermitian matrices $A_i,~i=1,\dots,M$. Are there any results on the possibility of simultaneously tridiagonalizing them?

**5**

votes

**2**answers

314 views

### How to check whether a matrix is completely positive or not?

The definition:
cone of completely positive matrices
$\mathcal{C}=\{\sum_{i=1}^kx_ix_i^T:x_i\in\mathbb{R}^n_+\ for \ i=1,2,...,k\}$.
I just don't knwo how to check whether a matrix belongs to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### submatrix of a given size with maximum frobenius norm

Let $I\subset \{1,2,\ldots,n\}$, and let $|I|$ denote its cardinality. Now given a Hermitian matrix $\mathbf{A}\in\mathbf{C}^{n\times n}$. I am interested in finding the subset $I$ that maximizes the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### When is a product of hyperbolic matrices hyperbolic?

Suppose $A_1,\ldots,A_n$ is a sequence of $2 \times 2$ complex matrices such that $| \det(A_j) | =1$ and $ | \mathrm{tr}(A_j) | > 2 $ for each $j$. What kinds of reasonable restrictions can one ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

139 views

### Distributing the Hodge map over the wedge product

Let $(V,\langle,\rangle)$ be a finite dimensional inner product space, $V^{\wedge}$ it exterior algebra, and $\ast$ the Hodge star arising from $\langle,\rangle$. Does there exist any formula to ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

47 views

### Compare full-rank probabilities of products of random matrices

Consider two matrices $C_1=A\times B_1$ and $C_2=A\times B_2$, where $A\in\mathbb{F}_q^{N\times K}$, $B_1\in\mathbb{F}_q^{K\times M}$ and $B_2\in\mathbb{F}_2^{K\times M}$; $M\leq N\leq K$.
It is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Complexity of turning a d-degree polynomial to 2-degree polynomial

For a very simple example,
$(1+x)^4=x^4+4x^3+6x^2+4x+1$ is a 4 degree polynomial, and I want to change it to a 2-degree polynomial by add more variables, for this example, we can simply let $y=x^2$, ...

**28**

votes

**0**answers

798 views

### a naive question about the second dual of a vector space

Let $K$ be a field. Are there non-scalar endomorphisms of the endofunctor
$$
V\mapsto V^{**}/V
$$
of the category of $K$-vector spaces?
I asked a related question on Mathematics Stackexchange, but ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Is there such a matrix in $SO(n)$?

Given two $n$ dimensional positive definite matrices $A', B'$, is there a matrix $O \in SO(n)$ such that $A=O A', B=O B'$ and
$$
\frac{A_{ij}}{\sqrt{A_{ii}A_{jj}}} = ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

331 views

### NP-hard problems in linear algebra and real analysis [closed]

I am curious about NP-hard problems in linear algebra and real analysis. An example in linear algebra would be the calculation of the permanent.
I would thus like to collect in this thread a list of ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

238 views

### Square root of a complex matrix commuting with a given one

Assume two commuting $n\times n$ complex matrices $A$ and $B$ are given. Then it is in general false that if $C$ is a square root of $A$, i.e., if $C^2=A$, then $C$ commutes with $B$ (the simplest ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### dual space of the quotient space of some locally convex topological space

I would like to a classical result about dual space. Let $E$ be a locally convex space and $F$ its closed linear subspace. If $E^{\ast}$ is the dual space of $E$, could some one affirm me that the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

65 views

### What is the time complexity of approximated SVD

Full SVD, on an m*n matrix $A$, $[U,S,V] = svd(A)$, would cost $O(m^2n + mn^2 + n^3)$ time.
But what is the time complexity if we only need the $k$ largest singular values, say, $[U_k,S_k,V_k] = ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Linear maps between arbitrarily chosen vectors of vector spaces $V$ and $W$

I recently came across this question:
Is the axiom of choice needed to prove the following statement:
Let $V, W$ be vector spaces, and suppose $V \neq \{0\}$. Let $v \in V$, $v \neq 0$, $w \in W$. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### The height of the Perron-Frobenius eigenvector

Does the height of a real symmetric matrix with non-negative entries control the height of its Perron-Frobenius eigenvector, under some reasonable definition of heights?
Just as an example of what ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### Existence of parametrizations of rational orthogonal matrices

I suppose that there are formulas which parametrize all the orthogonal matrices with rational coefficients. Does anyone know anything about it? And what are some publications that discuss this?
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Sparse matrix factorization of a rank deficient matrix by decomposition into linearly independent components

I've got a little conjecture I need to prove for a theoretical result related to causal Bayes net search with latent variables under sparsity constraints. If you're interested in the application ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

98 views

### Neighborhood overlap matrix for a bipartite graph

Let $G$ be an undirected, simple, bipartite graph with parts $V$ (having $n$ vertices) and $W$ (having $m$ vertices). Define the following $n$-by-$n$ matrix: for any $i,j \in V$, $$a_{ij} = |N_i \cap ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Known Results on Convexity of Numerical Range

Let $A_1,A_2,\dots,A_M$ be given $N\times N$ hermitian matrices. The numerical range is defined as the set
\begin{align}
\mathbb{S}=\{(u^HA_1u,\dots,u^HA_Mu)\in \mathbb{R}^M\mid u^Hu=1\}
\end{align}
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### A hyperplane inside another one

Let D be a divison ring, let V be a left vector space of over D,
possibly infinite dimensional, and let F be the prime field of D.
Is it true that every F-hyperplane of V contains a D-hyperplane of ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

294 views

### When are two subvarieties of matrices conjugate?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two subvarieties of $n\times n$ matrices. My question is that is there any condition to guarantee that there exits some matrix $g$ such that $Y=g^{-1} X g$? If such $g$ exists, then ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

59 views

### Dimension of some ideal in the group ring Z/p[Z/p]

Let I be the augmentation ideal of the group ring Z/p[Z/p] and I^n denotes the ideal generated by all possible products of n elements from I.
Question: What is dimension of I^n as a vector subspace ...