Questions about the properties of vector spaces and linear transformations, including linear systems in general.

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0
votes
1answer
143 views

Positive Semidefinite matrix [closed]

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ symmetrix matrix, if $\forall i$, $a_{ii}\geq |a_{ij}|,\forall j$ satisfies, can we say that $A$ is a positive semidefinite matrix? I tried to find a counter example, but ...
6
votes
1answer
198 views

On an inequality among determinants

For Hermitian matrices $X, Y$, I write $X\ge Y\ge 0$ to mean $X-Y$ and $Y$ are positive semidefinite. In Lemma 2.5 of [Linear Algebra Appl. 452 (2014) 1-6] I proved that if $X + Y\ge W + Z$, $X\ge ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

L is the laplacian matrix of an undirected graph, D is a diagonal matrix. What does the cofactor of L+D looks like?

We know that any cofactor of the Laplacian matrix constant, and equal to the number of spanning tree. How are the cofactors change if I just add a diagonal matrix to the Laplacian matrix. Any help ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

An integral problem related to matrix determinant

I am stuck in an integral problem: ...
19
votes
0answers
601 views
+50

conjectures regarding a new Renyi information quantity

In a recent paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1403.6102, we defined a quantity that we called the "Renyi conditional mutual information" and investigated several of its properties. We have some open ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Space of matrices B for which there is a solution to Bx=c for a given c

Let $F$ be a field, $k$ and $m$ natural numbers with $k \leq m$, and $c \in F^m$. Is there some name for the set $\mathcal{B}_c = \{ B \in F^{m \times k}\, | \,\, \exists x \in F^k $s.t. $ Bx = c\}$ ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

the annihilator of cokernel in a particular case

Let $A\in Mat(m,n;R)$ for $m\le n$ and $R$ a local ring. Consider the $mn\times(m^2+n^2)$ matrix $A\otimes 1_{nn}\oplus 1_{mm}\otimes A^T$, here $1_{mm}$, $1_{nn}$ are identity matrices. I'd like to ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Diagonalization of 4th order tensors

I have been wondering about the following problem... Let $n$ be a positive integer and denote by $M_n^s$ the space of symmetric $n\times n$ real matrices. Now, we look at the space $\mathcal ...
6
votes
1answer
257 views

Equivalence of exterior forms

Let us start with the following definition. Let $1\leqslant k\leqslant n$ and let $\omega_1,\omega_2\in\Lambda^k(\mathbb{R}^n)$. We say that $\omega_1$, $\omega_2$ are equivalent, if there exists ...
5
votes
2answers
189 views

Local maxima and minima of the trace of a product of $SL_2^\pm(\mathbb{R})$-matrices

I am working on a problem relating to Lyapunov exponents of products of random matrices, and this has led me to the following question which I suspect is best approached using techniques outside my ...
4
votes
0answers
339 views

A stronger Cauchy-Schwarz inequality for traces of compression matrices

Assume that $A$ and $B$ are contractions, so $I-AA^T$ and $I-BB^T$ are positive-definite matrices. Let $C=(I-AB^T)^{-1}(I-AA^{T})(I-BA^{T})^{-1}$, and show that: ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Compressing a system of linear equations

Consider the system of linear equations $A\mathbf x=\mathbf b$ in which $A$ is an $m\times n$ matrix with $m < n$ and with the following property: Property $\Gamma$: Given $M=\{ M_1,\cdots,M_r ...
2
votes
1answer
217 views

A similar Cauchy-Schwarz inequality with linear-algebra

Let $A$ be matrix in $M_{n}$ (i.e., $n\times n$ complex matrices), and $\|A\|\le 1$, we call it a contraction. Assume that $A$ and $B$ are contractions such that $I-AA^*$ and $I-BB^*$ are ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Reference request for: inverse of a non-singular M-matrix has all elements non-negative?

Does anyone know the best (earliest?) reference please for the proof that the inverse of a non-singular M-matrix has all elements non-negative?
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Nonlinear matrix equation (transpose) [duplicate]

Let $H$, $M$ and $N$ be 10 by 10 matrices over the integers. If $M$ and $N$ are known, how do you solve for $H$ from the following equation? $M = H N H^T$ where $H^T$ is the transpose of H.
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Reduce a Combinatorial problem

It is given n sets with k vectors. (k is element-wise positive or zero) Choose one vector of each set so that the biggest element of the sum of the chosen vectors is minimal. What i also know but is ...
2
votes
2answers
246 views

Relationship between largest eigenvalue of a positive matrix $A$ and $A∘A^T$

I'm wondering whether there is certain relationship between the largest eigenvalue of a positive matrix(every element is positive, not neccesarily positive definite) $A$, $\rho(A)$ and that of ...
0
votes
1answer
154 views

Kneser graphs eigenvalues

Basically, I want to prove that, in the Kneser graph (wikipedia has a good definition),$K_{n, m}$, if $n_{-}(A(G)) $ and $n_{+}(A(G))$ denote the number of negative and positive eigenvalues of A(G) ...
5
votes
1answer
180 views

Comparing Krein-Rutman theorem and Perron–Frobenius theorem

Krein–Rutman theorem is a generalization of Perron–Frobenius theorem, I know that things could be more subtle in infinite dimension, yet there's an important result in Perron–Frobenius that's missing ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Approximation with a rank-$1$ matrix

Given a matrix $A$ (generally speaking, complex and non-square), I want to find an identically-sized matrix $D$ with ${\rm rk} D\le 1$ to minimize the induced operator norm $\|A-D\|_2$. From the ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Extending a matrix with a certain property over a finite field

Suppose we have a $m \times n$ matrix $M$ with $n > m$ with entries over a finite field, say $\mathbb{F}_q$ with $q$ considered to be large compared to $m,n$. Suppose that $M$ has the property that ...
3
votes
0answers
131 views

Method to Generate Random Mutually Orthogonal Unitary Matrices

The title says it all, I'd like to know if such a method exists to generate random mutually orthogonal unitary matrices. If so, any supplementary references would be very much obliged. Thanks again!
3
votes
3answers
574 views

Algebraic K-theory can be seen as a generalization of Linear algebra? [closed]

Algebraic K-theory can be seen as a generalization of Linear algebra? If yes, how so?
8
votes
1answer
123 views

A variant of Cholesky decomposition involving binary matrices

Studying a problem that is not directly related to linear algebra I came across the following problem. Let $B$ be $n \times n$ symmetric matrix whose entries are non-negative integers. I would like ...
2
votes
0answers
147 views

Cavalieri's principle and inversion of the Vandermonde matrix

There are many examples on the Web of the use of Cavalieri's principle in determining areas and volumes of 2-D and 3-D geometrical figures. The Wikipedia link uses the principle as both a proof and ...
0
votes
0answers
118 views

classify antiholomorphic involutions of projective space

On $\mathbb{CP}^1$ with standard complex structure, how to prove that there are only two types of antiholomorphic involution, given by $$ \tau :[z:w]\mapsto [\bar w, \bar z] \qquad \eta :[z:w]\mapsto ...
9
votes
4answers
776 views

Elements of finite order of $\mathrm{PGL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$

For some research work, I need to know the classification of elements of finite order of $\mathrm{PGL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$, up to conjugation. Since I essentially need $n\le 4$, I think that I can show it ...
1
vote
0answers
140 views

Is finding a single vector in the null space as difficult as discovering the whole null space?

Let $A \in \mathbb R^{k\times n}$ be a matrix of rank $k$, where $k \ll n$. One can use Gaussian eliminations to discover $\operatorname{null}(A)$ at the cost of $O(nk^2)$. My question is: Is the ...
4
votes
0answers
102 views

Rank 1 Approximation of Elementwise Inverse Matrix

I'm wondering whether there is a good way to solve the following optimisation problem. Given a strictly positive quadratic matrix $A$, find two diagonal matrices $D_1$ and $D_2$ so that $$ \| D_1 A ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Heat equation with graph laplacian

I would like to start with considering the time-dependent heat equation on a connected graph and consider its Laplacian matrix. Suppose we have a connected graph with unknown temperature on vertices. ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Position of complete flags

$E$ is a vector space of dimension $n \geq 2$. $\mathbb{F}=(F_1,F_2,\dots,F_n)$ and $\mathbb{G}=(G_1,G_2,\dots,G_n)$ are two complete flags of $E$. We say that $(\mathbb{F},\mathbb{G})$ is in ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

C-Periodic boundary conditions

I'm working with linear chain of strongly correlated electrons. These types of models have problems due to finite size effects, this leads one to consider C-Periodic boundary conditions as an attempt ...
4
votes
1answer
289 views

dim Hom(V,W) =?

I asked this question on Mathematics Stack Exchange, but got no answer: Given two vector spaces $V$ and $W$ over a field $K$, what is the dimension of $\operatorname{Hom}_K(V,W)\ $? To state the ...
13
votes
1answer
384 views

A weird question about two weird decompositions of $\mathbb{R}$ as a $\mathbb{Q}$-vector space

While working in a question about the affine group $\text{Aff}(\mathbb{R})$, I have come up with the following strange question about the real numbers: Question: Do there exist a non-trivial ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Find a common expression (parameterized by y = 1/2, 1 and 2) uniting three (rational) polynomials in k [closed]

I am seeking a common "simple" expression (preferably/presumably a sum of products of linear factors, or sum of products of low-degree factors) uniting the three polynomials (parameterized by ...
7
votes
1answer
277 views

What is the total polarization of the determinant?

Let $A\in\mathfrak{gl}(\mathbb{R},n)$ be an endomorphism, and think up to conformal factors (in particular, $\Lambda^n\mathbb{R}^n$ will be the same as $\mathbb{R}$). By the total polarization ...
2
votes
3answers
270 views

Solving a quadratic matrix equation with non-squared matrix

I was trying to solve the problem of finding the value of a non-squared matrix $T$ ($n \times m$) which solves $$ T^T T = X$$ where $X$ is a symmetric and positive semidefinite $m \times m$ matrix, ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

Existence of a real eigenvalue

I have a matrix $M \in \mathbb{R}^{(n+1) \times (n+1)}$ that is tridiagonal. In numerical computations I found out that I always find a real eigenvalue. My question is: Is there a theorem that ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

Perturbed linear system, particular form

We have a linear system $Ax=b$ where $A$ is real and symmetric, all elements of its main diagonal are strictly positive and all off-diagonal elements are $\leq 0$. Further, $A_{ii} > -A_{ij} \; ...
6
votes
2answers
310 views

$\|T\|_2 \le \sqrt{\|T\|_1\|T\|_\infty}$

Let $T$ be a linear operator acting on a finite-dimensional real or complex vector space. As a direct consequence (or rather a particular case) of the Riesz-Thorin theorem, we have $$ \|T\|_2 \le ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

spectrum of a special class of tridiagonal matrices

Consider a real and symmetric tridiagonal matrix with zero diagonals and where subdiagonals and superdiagonals are equal to 1 except the (1,2)-th component being equal to $a$, i.e., ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Bounds for the infinity norm of the inverse for certain diagonaly dominant matrices

I m trying to analyse the stability against perturbations for a specific system of linear equations $Ax=b$. For this, i use the standard condition number $||A||_{\infty}||A^{-1}||_{\infty}$. Here ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

eigenvalues of product of many symmetric positive definite matrices

Given $A_1, ..., A_n$ ($n\geq 3$), where each $A_i$ is a $d$-by-$d$ symmetric, positive definite matrix, define $S = A_1\cdot A_2\cdot...\cdot A_n$ (product of all the $A_i$'s). Let $\lambda_1(A)$ and ...
3
votes
1answer
366 views

Is every element of $\mathrm{SL}(n,R)$ of finite order diagonalizable?

Let $k>0$ be an integer, let $R$ be a ring (commutative, unital), which contains $\mathbb{Q}$ (i.e. with a ring homomorphism $\mathbb{Q}\to R$) and all $k$-roots of unity. The examples I have in ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Maximising a Rayleigh quotient over a subspace II

Let $M$ be an SPD matrix and let $\Pi=QQ^T$ be the orthogonal projection onto the range of $Q$ (a "tall" matrix with orthonormal columns). I have an expression in the form $$\tag{1} ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Hilbert Schmidt Operators and the Conditional Expectation Operator

Consider the function $\text{E}_W: L_2(\mathbb{R},P_X) \mapsto L_2(\mathbb{R},P_W)$ where $P_X$ and $P_W$ are two different probability measures. They are related in such a way that if $f_X$, $f_W$ ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Trying to solve for total derivatives at a stationary point (maybe using the implicit function theorem)

Suppose we have a function $F(q) \in \mathbb{R}$, where $q=(q_1, \dots, q_n) \in [0,1]^n$, at least thrice differentiable in $(0,1)^n$. We fix the value of one variable $q_i \in (0,1)$, then maximize ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Characterize the equivalence class of bipartite graphs obtained from each other by elementary row operations on their adjacency matrices

Let $M$ be an $m\times n$ matrix real matrix. Let $G$ be a bipartite graph, with partitions $A$ and $B$, such that $|A|=m$ and $|B|=n$. A node $i\in A$ is linked to a node $j\in B$ if and only if ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Maximising a Rayleigh quotient over a subspace

Let $M\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be symmetric positive definite and consider a matrix $Q\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times m}$ ($m<n$) with orthonormal columns ($Q^TQ=I$). I'm interested in finding an exact ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Metabolic vs stably metabolic

Let $A$ be a commutative ring with unit. A non-degenerate symmetric bilinear form $\phi$ on a finitely generated projective $A$-module $P$ is called metabolic if there is a direct summand $L$ of $P$ ...