Questions about the properties of vector spaces and linear transformations, including linear systems in general.

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3
votes
3answers
368 views

classifying space and cohomology of integer general linear group

I have obtained that the classifying space $$ BGL(\mathbb{R}^n)=BO(\mathbb{R}^n)=G_n(\mathbb{R}^\infty) $$ is the Grassmannian. I have also obtained that the mod 2 cohomology is the polynomial ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

cone and its scaled image

Let $C$ be a polyhedral cone in $\mathbb{R}^m$ defined by $C = \{R y : y \in \mathbb{R}^m_+\}$ and $R\in\mathbb{R}^{m\times m}$. Let $S: \mathbb{R}^m \to \mathbb{R}^m$, be a scaling map, i.e. $S = ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Dual cone of a set of particular semidefinite cones

Let $X$ be a matrix variable $$X=\begin{pmatrix} x_1 & x_2 & x_3\\ x_2 & x_4 & x_5\\x_3 & x_5 & x_6\end{pmatrix},$$ define the cone as ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Smoothness of linear equation

Suppose $\beta$ is a solution to some linear equation $ M \beta = f$ where $M$ is lower triangular with all negative entries except for the diagonal and first sub-diagonal where all entries are ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Bound of spectral radius of polynomial of a complex matrix

I am trying to prove or disprove the following inequality. $$ ||P(A)||_2\leq 2 \max_{\alpha\in W(A)}| P(\alpha)|,$$ where $P(\cdot)$ is a complex polynomial, $A\in \mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

An exact fraction of a matrix

Let $A$ be a $n \times m$ real matrix with $n<<m$ and of rank $r<n$. It is known that $A$ has exactly two distinct non-zero singular values: $\sigma_{\max}$ and $\sigma_{2}$, and also that ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Rank changes with matrix edits

Assume we have rank $r$ real matrix $M\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ (not constrained to symmetric). Assume $W\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ is rank $1$ real matrix. Case $1$: $M+W\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$. Could ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Decomposing matrices to lower ranks

Given real matrix $M\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ of rank $r$. How many $M_i\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ of rank $s$ does one need to write $M'=\sum_{i=1}^ta_iM_i$ for some $a_i\in\Bbb R$ where maximum absolute ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Bits of precision matrix reconstruction

We have a real rank $r$ matrix $M\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$. Suppose we have diagonalized using $LMR=D$. I want to recover a real matrix $\widetilde{M}$ such that maximum absolute entry of ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Unitary transformation of a Hermitian indefinite pencil to a real non-symmetric pencil

Given a Hermitian indefinite pencil $(A-\lambda B)$ where both $A=A^H$ and $B=B^H \in \mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ are possibly indefinite, it is straightforward to show that the eigenvalues are either ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Homogeneous polynomial vector fields tangent to the unit sphere

This question has something to do with that one. Let $n\ge1$ and $d\ge1$ be two given integers. Consider the polynomial vector fields $v=(v_1,\ldots,v_n)$ whose components $v_j$ are homogeneous of ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

An expectation of the product of random unitaries

I want to find the answer of $$\int dU \ U^m X \ U^{\dagger m}$$ Where $m\in\mathbb{N}$ and $U$'s are unitary matrices in $U(n)$ and $dU$ is a normalized Haar measure. $X$ is a given self-adjoint ...
5
votes
2answers
324 views

Expectation of trace of nth power of unitary matrices

I am trying to find the answer of $$\int dU \ |Tr(U^m)|^2$$ where $m\in\mathbb{N}$ and $U$'s are unitary matrices in $\textit{U}(n)$ and $dU$ is a normalized Haar measure. In the case $m=1$, the ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Way to parameterise sparse multi diagonal matrix

I have an NxN matrix S that looks like this: $$ S^{-1} = K^{-1} + \Lambda $$ where N is a multiple of 3, both K and S are positive definite matrices, and Lambda is $$ \Lambda = \begin{bmatrix} x ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Are A and A^T unitarily equivalent over a p-adic field?

Let $E/F$ be a quadratic extension of p-adic field. Let $U=\{u\in GL_2(E): uu^*=1\}$ be the unitary group of rank 2. My question is: given a matrix $A\in GL_2(E)$ can we find $u_1,u_2\in U$ such ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

About adjacency matrices of $k-$shift lifts of graphs

I am finding the notation of cyclic lifts of graphs to be very confusing. Lets say one is looking at a cyclic $k-$lift of a $\vert V \vert$ sized graph. I would like to understand what is the ...
1
vote
1answer
183 views

Probabilistic statement on matrix ranks

Given $A\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ with $\operatorname{rank}(A)=r=2^{O((\log_2n)^{\frac{1}{c+1}})}$. Denote $\mathsf{1_n}\in\{0,1\}^n$ as vector with $1$s. Does ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

Can every finite abelian $p$-group with duality pairing be written as cokernel of a symmetric matrix over the $p$-adic integers?

Let $G$ be a finite abelian $p$-group (where $p$ is a prime). Suppose there exists a symmetric bilinear map $\delta\colon G\times G\to \mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z}$ such that the induced map $g\to\langle ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Phase of the inner product between the elements of an ETF

I am doing research in compressive sampling for Cognitive Radio applications. While working on a project I came across with the following question: Is there any research about the phase of inner ...
5
votes
1answer
414 views

Some calculus in the orthogonal group $O(n)$

How can one compute each of the following matrices, explicitly: $$\int_{O(n)} e^{g}dg$$ or $$\int_{O(n)} g^{n}dg \;\;\;\;n\in \mathbb{N} \;\;n>1$$ What is the explicite entries of the resulting ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Relations in a space generated by indicator functions

Simple Question I ran into the following seemingly simple question. For an arbitrary set $M$ consider the real vector space generated by indicator functions $\chi_A$ of all subsets $A\subset M$. ...
7
votes
0answers
93 views

Approximate singular value decomposition in Banach spaces

I am interested in generalisations to Banach spaces of the following construction, which relates to the singular value decomposition of a finite-dimensional linear map. If $V$, $W$ are ...
1
vote
0answers
184 views

A (possible) equivalent relation on the space of vector bundles

Edit: According to the essential comment of Alex Degtyarev, we revise the question as follows; Assume that $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are two oriention preserving automorphism of Lie groups $O(n)$ and ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Column Subset Selection implementations

Are there readily available implementations of algorithms for the CSSP - Column Subset Selection Problem?
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Normalizing a matrix via triangular transformations

Consider the following $n\times n$ real-valued matrix: $$ A=\begin{bmatrix} \alpha_1 & \beta_1 & 0 &\cdots & 0 &\gamma_n\\ \gamma_1 & \alpha_2 & \beta_2 & \cdots & ...
4
votes
2answers
203 views

An algorithm to compare two representations of a simple Lie algebra?

I have two representations of a simple (complex or real) finite-dimensional Lie algebra $S$, both given in terms of their structure constants on a given basis. the first one is the adjoint ...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

Explicit Isomorphism between $Cl(8)$ and $\mathbb{R}(16)$

I am looking for a explicit isomorphism between $Cl(8)$ (Clifford algebra over $\mathbb{R}^8$ with standard Euclidean metric) and $\mathbb{R}(16)$ (algebra of $16\times 16$ matrices over ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Computing maximal ideals of a Lie algebra

Would you know an algorithm (or an automatic method) that computes all maximal ideals $J$ of a given Lie algebra? Or an algorithm that computes all maximal ideals $J$ containing a given minimal ideal ...
5
votes
1answer
304 views

Examples of Polyhedra with Large Shadows

Let $P \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be a polyhedron described by $\mathcal{O}(n^{c_1})$ inequalities, where $c_1$ is a constant. Moreover, let $M\colon P \to \mathbb{R}^2$ be a linear mapping. I'm looking ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

What is exponentially fitted osculating straight line?

While reading an article about iterative methods for solving nonlinear equations I can't understand what is exponentially fitted osculating straight line. Could someone please briefly explain this ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

When is a $2$-lift of a graph connected? [closed]

Let $\ (V\ E)\ $ be a graph, i.e. $\ E\subseteq\binom V2.\ $ A $2$-lift pattern of a graph is a function $\ e:E\rightarrow\{-1\,\ 1\}.\ $ The induced 2-lift is defined as the graph $\ V\times\{-1\,\ ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Lower bound on difference between polynomials at moderate distance

Fix $r > 0$ and $k, n \in \mathbb{N}$. Also consider a function $f: \mathbb{R}^{d} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. Let $x_{1},\ldots, x_{n+1}$ be points chosen uniformly from $[-r,r]^{d}$. For $1 \leq i ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

Is there a symmetric basis for $\mathbf{Q}(x,y)$?

Consider $\mathbf{Q}(x,y)$, the rational functions in $x$ and $y$, as a vector space over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $\sigma$ be the map interchanging $x$ and $y$. Is there a basis for $\mathbf{Q}(x,y)$ ...
3
votes
2answers
161 views

Extremal eigenvalues & eigenvectors of skew-adjacency matrix

I am looking for ways to obtain the extremal eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the skew-adjacency matrix of a directed graph without diagonalizing it. The graphs I am interested in are not regular (but ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Signed Laplacians and Ramanujan graphs

Given a signing/2-lift matrix $A_s$ of a $d-$regular graph one has the relationship that the ``Signed Laplacian" is $L = d + A_s$. This $L$ is still the same size as the base graph. But the lifted ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Laplacian spectrum of $2-$lifts of graphs

We know that a $2-$ lift of a graph is specified by a $\pm 1$ assignment on the edges of the graph ( given as a signing matrix) denoting which edge is to be duplicated by the identity permutation on ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

How to calculate the square root of matrix $A+B$ perturbatively?

$A=diag\{\lambda_1,...,\lambda_n\}$ and $\lambda_i>0$, $B$ is a positive definite symmetric matrix and $max\{B_{ij} \}\ll min\{\lambda_i\}$ Note that the perturbative calculation of square root ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

Positive solutions of linear systems with a diagonally dominant matrix

Given a real linear system ($\mathbf{A}\mathbf{x} = \mathbf{b}$), is there any result regarding the positiveness of the solution $\mathbf{x}^*$ considering that $\mathbf{A}$ is diagonally dominant? ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Number of degree $k$ functions [closed]

Given a Boolean function $f:\{0,1\}^n\rightarrow\{0,1\}$, there is a real multivariate multilinear polynomial that is associated with in through interpolation. Example: ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

Simple Spectrum of Jacobi matrices

I want to call a matrix a Jacobi matrix (cause there may be different notions of Jacobi matrices) if it is a tridiagonal matrix with positive off-diagonal entries. Now, I read that the spectrum of ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Are these particular kinds of matrices well known?

Given two positive integers $n$ and $a \leq \frac{n}{2}$ consider a $n \times n$ matrix $A$ such that, all the diagonal entries are either $a$ or $a+1$ all the non-zero off-diagonal entries are ...
0
votes
2answers
90 views

About adding a negative definite rank-1 matrix to a symmetric matrix

If $B$ is a symmetric matrix then how do its eigenvalues compare to the eigenvalues of $B - vv^T$? ( where $v$ is a vector of the same dimension as $B$) I guess that the eigenvalues of $B - vv^T$ ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Tools to bound the singular values of a finite sum of random matrices from below?

Matrix Chernoff bounds (see also this arXiv paper) are usually used to give upper bounds on the largest eigenvalue of a finite sum of random matrices. Sometimes it can also be used to give a lower ...
5
votes
0answers
195 views

Existence of a matrix product from its eigenvalues

Let A and B be two positive definite, real, symmetric matrices. The eigenvalues of A, B and AB, denoted by $\lambda(X)$, obey the relation (from Bhatia): $$ \lambda^\downarrow(A) \cdot ...
11
votes
5answers
771 views

Does k(X) have a k-basis for every set X, without AC?

This question is inspired by Pace Nielsen's recent question Does a left basis imply a right basis, without AC?. For any field $k$, the field $k(x)$ of rational functions in one variable has an ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Are there good ways of relating a minor to the full determinant?

Say $A$ is a $(n-1)\times (n-1)$ matrix and we augment it by a $n^{th}$ row and a column and get a $n \times n$ matrix $B$. Is there a nice way to relate $det(B)$ and $det(A)$ and the added row and ...
-1
votes
1answer
79 views

How to show the square root function of a positive semidefinite matrix is differentiable? [closed]

How to show the square root function of a positive semidefinite matrix is differentiable? In this context PSD means symmetric PSD.
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Distribution of a signal covariance matrix

A common estimation problem in signal processing assumes the following signal model \begin{equation} \mathbf{r} = \sum_{i=1}^{Q}\alpha_i\mathbf{s}\left(w_i\right)+\mathbf{n} \end{equation} where ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

Determinant of the sum of a psd (Kronecker) matrix and a diagonal matrix?

Let $K = K1 \otimes K2$ where $K1$ and $K2$ are positive semidefinite matrices. Let $W$ be a diagonal matrix with positive entries. (Everything is real-valued.) I want to calculate or bound $\det ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Shift functor and the origin of the linear decalage isomorphism

Let $(\mathbf{Vec}_\mathbb{Z}(\mathbb{K}),\otimes,\tau)$ be the symmetric monoidal category of $\mathbb{Z}$-graded $\mathbb{K}$-vector spaces, where $\otimes$ is the tensor product of ...