# Tagged Questions

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### Hlawka inequality for determinants of positive definite matrices

It is mentioned here that if $A, B, C\in M_{n}(\mathbb C)$ are positive semidefinite, then $$\det (A+B+C)+\det C\ge \det (A+C)+\det (B+C)$$ (quoted from this article) and the special case ($C=\bf 0$) ...
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### Separating duality for TVS?

What is the modern concept (term) for "separating duality" (dualité séparante in french) in the sense of Bourbaki (TVS Ch II § 6) as explained in the following ? ...
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### Who defined and who coined “module”?

The title of my Q. says it all: QUESTION:   Who defined and who coined: module? Would it be Emmy Noether? EDIT   In view of @anon's and KConrad's answers, and as it could have been ...
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### What is a degenerate Legendre Transformation?

I am studying the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian description of some dynamical systems. The problem with this description of the particular kind of systems I am studying, is that the Legendre ...
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### Isomorphism of matrix ring over ore domain

Let $R_1,R_2$ be (left and right) ore domains. Does $Mat_n(R_1)\cong Mat_m(R_2)$ implie m=n and $q.f.(R_1)\cong q.f.(R_2)$? An counter example, a proof or a reference is welcomed. Thanks
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### Central idempotents from characters in Frobenius algebras (generalizing Lusztig arXiv:math/0208154v1 §19)

$\newcommand{\refone}{\textbf{(1)}}$ $\newcommand{\Hom}{\operatorname{Hom}}$ $\newcommand{\tr}{\operatorname{Tr}}$ $\newcommand{\kk}{\mathbf{k}}$ Let $\kk$ be a field. Let $A$ be a $\kk$-algebra which ...
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### Origin of exact sequences

I have seen exact sequences appearing a lot in algebraic texts with different purposes. But I've never seen names of the people associated with it. Also I don't understand what's so good about showing ...
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### Rings in which every J-matrix is non-singular

Let $R$ be a ring with identity. A matrix $A=[a_{ij}] \in M_n(R)$ is called a J-matrix if for any $i$, $a_{ii} \not \in J(R)$ but for any $i \not = j$, $a_{ij} \in J(R)$. Now suppose that every ...
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### On separable field extensions [closed]

Let $F\subseteq K$ be a finite separable field extension with $a_1,..., a_n$ an $F$-basis for $K$. Is it true that the matrix $A := [\mbox{tr}(a_ia_j)]$ is non-singular ?
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### Hermitian forms over quaternion algebra

Notations: Let $Q=(a,b)$ be a quaternion algebra over a field of characteristic $\neq 2$, i.e. $i^2=a, j^2=b, k=ij, ij=-ji$. Consider $K=k(t)(\alpha)$, where $\alpha=\sqrt{at^2+b}$. Let ...
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### Writing a matrix as a sum of two invertible matrices

Let $n\geq 2$. Is it true that any $n\times n$ matrix with entries from a given ring (with identity) can be written as a sum of two invertible matrices with entries from the same ring ?
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### Number of Minimal left ideals in the full matrix ring over a finite commutative local ring

Inspired with another QUESTION I would like to know the number of minimal left ideals of $M_n(R)$ in terms of $n$ and $R$ where $R$ is a finite local commutative ring with identity ?
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### Number of minimal left ideals

Is there any way to compute the number of minimal left ideals of $M_n(K)$, the full $n\times n$ matrix ring with entries in the field $K$ ?
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### What is the composition in SesquiAlg?

To motivate my question, I will describe a famous 2-category. First, there is the 1-category $\text{Vect}$ of vector spaces (over some fixed field). This category has a tensor product $\otimes$, and ...
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### Existence of a generalized matrix inverse over an arbitrary field?

Let $A\in M_n(K)$ be a square matrix over a field $K$. The notion of inverse matrix was generalized by Moore and Penrose for real and complex matrices (also called pseudo-inverse $A^{\dagger}$ of $A$, ...
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### On the linear transformation between matrix space

Suppose we have two matrix subspaces, $n\times n$ matrix subspace $S_1$ and $m\times m$ matrix subspace $S_2$. Every element of $S_1$ and $S_2$ is complex symmetric matrix. Suppose there exists ...
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### How to explain the picturesque patterns in François Brunault's matrix?

How to explain the patterns in the matrix defined in François Brunault's answer to the question Freeness of a Z[x] module depicted below? -- Choosing colors according to the highest power of 2 which ...
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### when upper triangular matrix modulo prime ideals implies upper triangular?

Let $E/ \mathbb{Q}_p$ be a finite extension, let $\mathcal{O}$ be the ring of integers of $E$. Let $A$ be a reduced noetherian local complete $\mathcal{O}$-algebra with the maximal ideal ...
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### Does this Linear Algebra Construction have a Name?

Let $\mathcal{R}$ be a ring and let $v^0,\ldots,v^{k-1}\in\mathcal{R}^m$ with $m \geq k$. Suppose we wish to find $w\in Span(v^0,\ldots,v^{k-1})$ such that $k-1$ specified coordinates of $w$ vanish ...
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### The sum of same powers of all matrices modulo p

The following is a problem from our department algebra competition for students: Non-question. An experimental-math geek was trying to raise all matrices $17\times17$ over the field with 17 ...
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### Tensoring with descending chain of modules

Let $A \to B$ be a ring homomorphism. Let $M_1 \supseteq M_2\supseteq \ldots$ be an infinite chain of $A$-modules ($M_i$ not necessarily finite free). Suppose that the limit $\cap_{i=1}^{\infty} M_i$ ...
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### Is there a wedge which operates on multiple vector spaces?

Let's say I have two vector spaces $V,W$ , and we have the graded algebras $\Lambda(V),\Lambda(W)$, each with an operation $\wedge$. I'd like to know if there are "many" $\wedge$ operators, or if ...
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### Complementation in an extension field

If $E$ is an extension field of $F$, is $F$ necessarily (without assuming the axiom of choice) complemented as a vector subspace of $E$? (Of course the answer is easily yes if the extension is ...
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### Proving a determinant = 0

The two most elementary ways to prove an N x N matrix's determinant = 0 are: A) Find a row or column that equals the 0 vector. B) Find a linear combination of rows or columns that equals the 0 ...
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### Average weighted value of a linear functional over increasing bounded subsets of Z^n

Say you're working within the finite-dimensional free Z-module $\mathbb{Z}^n$, and you want to impose a "norm" on this module. By a "norm" I mean a function $\|·\|: \mathbb{Z}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ which ...
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### A reference on semisimple linear algebra

Is there any literature where the tools familiar from (multi)linear algebra are systematically transferred to the setting of semisimple modules over noncommutative rings? In fact this question is a ...
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### Is the trivial solution the only solution? [closed]

Let n be a positive integer, and c_1, c_2, ... c_n be (unkown) real numbers . Consider the system $$c_1+c_2+ ... +c_n=0,$$ $$c_1^2+c_2^2+ ... +c_n^2=0,$$ $$c_1^3+c_2^3+ ... +c_n^3=0,$$ .... ...