# Tagged Questions

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votes

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30 views

### Bounding Rayleigh quotioent for stochastic matrix

Suppose you have an irreducible, stochastic matrix $A$ with left Perron-Frobenius eigenvector $v$ (corresponding to the eigenvalue $1$), and suppose the next largest eigenvalue for $A$ is $\lambda$. ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Feature relationship based class separability [closed]

I am a computer science guy, not a mathematician so kindly excuse me if there is any ridiculous error in my problem description.
I have two clusters $C_1$ and $C_2$ in a feature space spanned by $k$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Injectivity of matrix “fingerprint”

Consider $S$, the set of all $n\times m$ real matrices with specified row sums $(r_1,...,r_n)$, column sums $(c_1,...,c_m)$, and strictly positive entries.
For any matrix $A$, define
$$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

61 views

### Relating joint probability to norm of vector of probabilities

I have a set of Bernoulli random variables $X_1,X_2,\ldots, X_n$ and I would want to bound the joint probability $P(X_1=0,X_2=0,\ldots, X_n=0)$ using the norm $\lvert \lvert \mathbf{p}\rvert \rvert$, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Weak ergodicity of nonhomogenous products of 0-1 matrices

Here is a question which probably has a negative answer, but I couldn't find any literature directly on it.
Let $(A_n)$ be a sequence of rectangular 0-1 matrices (that is, the entries are restricted ...

**0**

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**0**answers

43 views

### Distinguishing two different matrix distributions in polynomial time

I have two distributions:
$\{ (f^TA + e_1, f^T(As+e) \}$ and $\{ (f^TA, f^T(As+e) + s_i \}$
where $A$ is a randomly generated $m \times n$ binary matrix $A, A_{ij} \in \{0,1\}$, $f$ and $e$ are a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Full-rank rectangular matrices over GF(2)

Given positive integers $k$, $m$, $n$, let $A$ be an $m \times n$ matrix over $GF(2)$ constructed as follows. Let $X_1, \ldots, X_m$ be independent random subsets of $\{1,\ldots,n\}$ with cardinality ...

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103 views

### Kullback-Leibler Divergence of Stationary Distributions of Markov chains

Consider two finite Markov chains on the same state space, both assumed to be irreducible, with transition matrices $P$ and $Q$ and associated stationary distributions $\pi$ and $\tilde \pi$. Is it ...

**4**

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**0**answers

183 views

### Probability distribution function for singular value sum of Gaussian random matrix

Let $\mathbf{X}$ be an $N \times N$ random matrix with IID Gaussian entries. They can be standard normal, but $N$ is not large: that is $N$ $<$ 6, typically. Call its singular value decomposition ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Expected number of random binary vectors so that the form a basis

I would like to compute the expected number of vectors in $\mathbb{F}_2^n$ we need to draw (following a uniform distribution) so that they form a basis of $\mathbb{F}_2^n$, i.e., that we have $n$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### The d-dimensional matrix with columns (1,0,0…), (1/2,1/2,0,…), (1/3,1/3,1/3,0,…),…, (1/d,1/d,…,1/d)

During the course of physics research on nonequilibirum statistical mechanics involving the theory of majorization, I have come across a linear transformation on a d-dimensional vector space that I ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

245 views

### Rank of covariance matrix whose diagonal elements are same [closed]

Suppose A is a covariance matrix whose diagonal elements are same, i.e. $A_{1,1}=A_{2,2}=\cdots=A_{N,N}$, can we conclude that A is full rank?
Suppose the absolute values of the off-diagonal elements ...

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234 views

### Eigenvalues of permutations of a real matrix: how complex can they be?

This is sort of complementary to this thread. I’ll repeat the definitions here:
For a matrix $M\in GL(n,\mathbb R)$, consider the $n!$ matrices obtained by permutations of the rows (say) of $M$ and ...

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votes

**4**answers

993 views

### Eigenvalues of permutations of a real matrix: can they all be real?

For a matrix $M\in GL(n,\mathbb R)$, consider the $n!$ matrices obtained by permutations of the rows (say) of $M$ and define the total spectrum $TS(M)$ as the union of all their spectra (counting ...

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**0**answers

201 views

### Canonical forms for block-positive-definite matrices

Suppose we are given a block $2\times 2$ matrix that is positive-definite, and let's suppose for simplicity that the blocks along the main diagonal are the identity. So
$$
\begin{bmatrix} I & X ...

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votes

**2**answers

561 views

### Probability of random (0,1) Toeplitz matrix being invertible

A Toeplitz matrix or diagonal-constant matrix is a matrix in which each descending diagonal from left to right is constant.
What is the probability that a random $n \times n$ binary Toeplitz ...

**0**

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**0**answers

65 views

### Convexity of a Certain Set of Covariance Matrices

Hello,
My question is about a certain set of matrices being convex or not. I'll start with some preliminaries in order to define myself properly. Let $X_1,U,X_2$ be three zero-mean Gaussian random ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

908 views

### The probability for a symmetric matrix to be positive definite

Let me give a reasonable model for the question in the title. In ${\rm Sym}_n({\mathbb R})$, the positive definite matrices form a convex cone $S_n^+$. The probability I have in mind is the ratio ...

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vote

**1**answer

256 views

### Is there a relationship between Entropy of a fininte distrete probability distribution and the squre sum of the values of probability mass function of that distribution?

Sorry for the long title. What I mean is that for two vectors (a_1,...,a_n) and (b_1,...,b_n) with the property $a_i,b_i \geq 0 $ and $ \sum a_i =\sum b_i =1$.
If $ -\sum a_ilog(a_i) > -\sum ...

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**0**answers

85 views

### Do the Eigenvectors find by use PCA on a set of data point, a good replacement for Random Projection when I later on use L1Magic to reconstruct the sparse vector?

Concretely if I use the first k eigenvectors find by PCA with a point set A,to project another sparse vector b to k dimension subspace, then use L1-magic to recover b. Will this be better than a ...

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**2**answers

185 views

### Iterating Random Matrix Operations

Consider the following probability measure on the integers concentrated around $0$: the probability of drawing $0$ is $\frac{1}{2}$, of drawing ($1$ or $-1$) is $\frac{1}{4}$ split evenly among the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

620 views

### Probability of a submatrix to be full rank in a N x N Random Matrix of rank m.

Consider a random matrix $\mathbf{A} \in \mathbb{C}^{N \times N}$ of rank $m$ with $m < N$ that follows the Wishart distribution ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wishart_distribution ).
I have a ...

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**0**answers

157 views

### Expectation of a multivariate Gaussian over a plane

For a vector $X$ which follows a multinomial Gaussian distribution $N(\vec{0},\Sigma)$, a given vector $b$, and a known scalar value $c$, I would like to calculate the expectation :
$E[X|X^Tb = c]$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

261 views

### Lower bound on Bhattacharya distance between independent Gaussian distributions ?

I am interested in a lower bound on the Bhattacharya distance between two independent multivariate Gaussian distributions. To be precise, consider zero-mean independent Gaussian distributions ...

**22**

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**0**answers

859 views

### Correspondence between eigenvalue distributions of random unitary and random orthogonal matrices

In the course of a physics problem (arXiv:1206.6687), I stumbled on a curious correspondence between the eigenvalue distributions of the matrix product $U\bar{U}$, with $U$ a random unitary matrix and ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

259 views

### Characterising semi-definite positiveness on vectors with non-negative entries

My problem is to characterise (or find useful information on) the cone $C$ of $N\times N$ matrices $M$ ($N\geq 1$) such that $$V^t M V\geq 0$$ for every vector $V $ with non-negative entries. Is this ...

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**2**answers

256 views

### On Random Vectors and Eigenvectors of Symmetric Matrices

I have a question that might be answered with a pointer to some references or with some discussion. I did some searching, to no avail, but I realized that I might not have the vocabulary to form a ...

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votes

**1**answer

275 views

### Elementary Markov Chain Question

Are any general conditions known on a finite transition nxn matrix that ensure that there exists at least one mth root which is also a transition matrix? It is easy to construct a 3x3 , diagonally ...

**27**

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**4**answers

1k views

### Probability of zero in a random matrix

Let $M(n,k)$ be the set of $n\times n$ matrices of nonnegative integers such that every row and every column sums to $k$. Let $P(n,k)$ be the fraction of such matrices which have no zero entries, ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

430 views

### Representing a real number as the value of a countably infinite game

Is it true that for any real number $p$ between 0 and 1, there exist finite or infinite sequences $x_m$ and $y_n$ of positive real numbers, and a finite or infinite matrix of numbers $\varphi_{mn}$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

221 views

### Continuous family of Markov chains

Suppose I have a family of countable state-space, discrete-time Markov chains, indexed by a parameter $r \in \mathbb{R}$. The state space is the same for all values of $r$; the transition ...

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**1**answer

840 views

### Convergence of Eigenvalues

Suppose we have a matrix $A_n = \frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^nX_i X_i^T$, where $X_i$ is a $p$-dimensional random-vector. We also know that $E(XX^T) = \Sigma_{p \times p}$. Let us denote the $j$-th largest ...

**3**

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**0**answers

92 views

### Linear relations with small coefficients

NOTE: Slightly more general question follows my specific one at the top
For $1 \leq i,j \leq n$, let $e_{ij}$ be the vector in $\mathbb{R}^{n^{2}}$ with a 1 in entry $(n-1)i + j$, and 0's everywhere ...

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**0**answers

256 views

### Seeking the normalizing constant (or any references) for a distribution over a subset of positive definite martrices

I'm interested in a probability distribution over the set of positive definite matrices with unit diagonal elements. That is, and $X$ such that:
$X \in S^{n+}, \forall_{i}X_{ii} = 1$ where $S^{n+}$ ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

332 views

### probability that a random element of Z/NZ can be written as a subset sum of others

How could one calculate the probability that any element in $\mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z}$ can be written as a subset sum of $n$ random elements in $\mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z}$?
In other words, say I pick ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

726 views

### A Question on Random Matrices

Consider the following $n\times n$ random matrix $V_{n}$ where the $(p,q)$ entry is given by
$$
V_{n}(p,q):= \frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}\exp(2\pi i(p-1) x_{q})
$$
where $x_{1},x_{2},\ldots,x_{n}$ are iid ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

434 views

### Spectral gap of a product of Markov processes

For $m \in [N] \equiv \{1,\dots, N\}$, let $Q^{(m)}$ be the generator of a (well-behaved) continuous-time Markov process on a finite state space $[n_m]$. Write $J \equiv (j_1,\dots,j_N) \in \prod_m ...

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vote

**4**answers

802 views

### Prove: if a1,…,an are uniformly distributed unit vectors, then a1*a1'+…+an*an'=n/2*I

Hello everyone,
I have a very interesting question on orthogonal projection matrices. Intuitively it is quite straightforward to understand. But for me it is not easy to prove.
In $R^2$ space, ...

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votes

**2**answers

737 views

### The space of probability measures and its intersection with hyperplanes in the space of measures

Let $X$ be some uncountable standard Borel space (e.g., the real line).
Let $D$ be the set of Borel probability measures on $X$.
Let $M$ be the set of signed Borel measures on $X$
Now let ...

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vote

**0**answers

337 views

### Bounding point-wise maximum of the absolute difference of two convex functions

Let $\Delta: R \times R \rightarrow R_{+}$ be a positive and convex function (convex in, say, both the arguments) called the loss function.
Let $x \in R^d$. Moreover, let $H_1,...,H_r$ be sets of ...

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votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Non-Diagonalizable Doubly Stochastic Matrices

Are there constructive examples for doubly stochastic matrices (whose rows and columns all sum up to 1 and contain only non-negative entries) which are not diagonalizable?

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vote

**0**answers

149 views

### “Lift and project” procedure for matrices

Definition. Let us call $n\times n$ matrix with non-negative entries good if sum of every row and column is equal to $1/n$.
Suppose we have a good matrix $A$. Let us consider the following strange ...

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vote

**1**answer

495 views

### Sequential sampling of Gaussian and von Mises-Fisher Random Variable

I don't find any article discussing this problem, so I dare to ask it.
Suppose we are dealing with a data $x_0 \in \mathbb{R}$ and a function $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$. Say we repeatedly apply ...

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**0**answers

1k views

### Can we pass to the limit in Poincaré-Jaynes-Bretthorst interpolation and deconvolution?

In Science and Hypothesis, chapter XI, The calculus of probabilities, Henri Poincaré deals informally with the fundamental problem of interpolation. He concludes (see ...

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votes

**1**answer

469 views

### Bounds on $||P^{k+1} - P^k||$ for $n$ by $n$ stochastic matrix $P$ with trace $n-1$ and integer $k>>n$.

The problem:
We have a $n$-state Markov chain with arbitrary initial distribution and transition matrix $P$ that is arbitrary except that we know that $P$ has trace $n-1$. Of course $P$ is also a ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

599 views

### Random products of projections: bounds on convergence rate?

The von Neumann-Halperin [vN,H] theorem shows that iterating a fixed product of projection operators converges to the projector onto the intersection subspace of the individual projectors. A good ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

453 views

### Surface of the cut of an ellipsoid / Marginal density of a multivariate normal over an affine space

So I'm trying to get the marginal density of a multivariate normal over an affine space
if $A$ is a matrix in $\mathbb{R}^p \times \mathbb{R}^n$ for $p < n$ and $B \in \mathbb{R}^n$, $\Sigma$ is a ...

**27**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Perron-Frobenius “inverse eigenvalue problem”

The Perron-Frobenius theorem says that the largest eigenvalue of a positive real matrix (all entries positive) is real. Moreover, that eigenvalue has a positive eigenvector, and it is the only ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

937 views

### Matrices whose exponential is stochastic

The complex matrix exponential of a Hermitian matrix is unitary: $e^{-iH} = U$. Is there a name or a characterization for matrices Q whose real exponential is stochastic: $e^{-Q} = S$?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

505 views

### Random projection and finite fields

Suppose we have, say, $n$ $2n$-dimensional linearly independent vectors over $\mathbb{F}_2$. We do a projection on a random $d$-dimensional subspace. We are interested in probability that images of ...