# Tagged Questions

**4**

votes

**1**answer

501 views

### Surprising connection between linear algebra and graph theory

What is the intuition for linear algebra being such an effective tool to resolve questions regarding graphs?
For example, one can determine if a given graph is connected by computing its Laplacian ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### Kneser graphs eigenvalues

Basically, I want to prove that, in the Kneser graph (wikipedia has a good definition),$K_{n, m}$, if $n_{-}(A(G)) $ and $n_{+}(A(G))$ denote the number of negative and positive eigenvalues of A(G) ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Heat equation with graph laplacian

I would like to start with considering the time-dependent heat equation on a connected graph and consider its Laplacian matrix.
Suppose we have a connected graph with unknown temperature on vertices. ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Characterize the equivalence class of bipartite graphs obtained from each other by elementary row operations on their adjacency matrices

Let $M$ be an $m\times n$ matrix real matrix. Let $G$ be a bipartite graph, with partitions $A$ and $B$, such that $|A|=m$ and $|B|=n$. A node $i\in A$ is linked to a node $j\in B$ if and only if ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

99 views

### Neighborhood overlap matrix for a bipartite graph

Let $G$ be an undirected, simple, bipartite graph with parts $V$ (having $n$ vertices) and $W$ (having $m$ vertices). Define the following $n$-by-$n$ matrix: for any $i,j \in V$, $$a_{ij} = |N_i \cap ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### The largest size of a boolean subgraph (a hypercube) of a given graph

Let $G(\mathbb{F}_2^n)$ denote the graph that represents the lattice of all subspaces of $\mathbb{F}_2^n$ (also called a Hasse diagram). I am interested in knowing if there exists a large hypercube ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### The spectral radius of a modified graph

Let $H$ be a graph and let $G=H \vee K_{1}$ be obtained by creating a new vertex and joining it to every vertex in $H$.
This situation has many different names: $G$ is called the cone or the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Calculating a generalized inverse (Moore–Penrose pseudoinverse)

I am considering a graph with $n$ edges with the following nicely structured adjacency matrix:
\begin{equation}
A_n=
\begin{pmatrix}
0 & 0 & 0 &\cdots & 0 & 0 & 1\\
0 & 0 ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

201 views

### Equivalence of Hadamard Graph and Hadamard Matrix

I'm reading Distance Regular Graphs by Brouwer, Cohen, and Neumaier. In section 1.8, they explained Hadamard graphs.
Conversion from a Hadamard Matrix into a Hadamard Graph
An $n$-Hadamard graph $G$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Graph of Grassmannian

Let p be an integer, and let G be the graph $(V=Gr(k,\mathbb{F}_q ^n),E)$
where: $Gr(k,\mathbb{F}_q ^n)$ is the set of all subspace of $\mathbb{F}_q$ of dimension k, and $E=\{ W_1,W_2 \in V | ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### Coherence between different ranking methods of a graph's vertices

Given a (connected) graph $G$ it is natural to want to rank its vertices, with the more "central" vertices ranked higher.
Two natural ways of doing it are:
By the degrees.
By the entries in a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Constructing a digraph from its spectrum

This is related to the following question from cs theory stack exchange:
http://cstheory.stackexchange.com/questions/3742/reverse-graph-spectra-problem
So it seems as if given a sequence of real ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### positive semidefinite matrix condition

There is a great work of Alizadeh that in section 4 speaks about Minimizing sum of the first few(k-largest) eigenvalues of a symmetric matrix. Instead of a symmetric model we use the weighted ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

254 views

### eigenvalue of Laplacian matrix

If we have a Laplacian matrix $\boldsymbol{A}$ such that
\begin{align}
&A_{ii} >0 \\
&A_{ii}=-\sum_{j\neq i}A_{ij}
\end{align}
with known eigenvalues $\lambda_i$.
Define the matrix ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

229 views

### A problem on graph theory and complex numbers!

Let ${\mathcal G} = ({\mathcal V},{\mathcal E})$ be a simple connected undirected graph with $n$ vertices. Also let $z_1, \ldots, z_n \in {\mathbb C}$ be complex numbers such that
$$
||z_1||=\ldots = ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

114 views

### “Stable” bounds on maximum size independent set in a graph

Suppose we have a graph $G=(V,E)$, and we want to upper bound $|I|/|V|$, where $I$ is the largest independent set in $G$. Then there is the Hoffman bound, which is $|I|/|V| \leq ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

65 views

### Second eigenvalue of a weighted tree

Hello,
I am interested in upper bounding the second largest eigenvalue of the adjacency matrix of a graph $T$ with the following property:
1. $T$ contains self loops.
2. $T$ contains multiple edges ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### What is the largest possible operator norm of a sparse (0,1)-matrix?

Inspired by this question, I was wondering about the following problem:
Consider all $n\times n$ $(0,1)$-matrices with $k$ ones. Which of these matrices has the largest operator norm? And how does ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Upper bound on iterations count for power iteration algorithm

I'm stuck trying to get upper bound on iterations count for power iteration algroithm for finding first eigenvalue of adjacency matrix $A$ given tolerance value. I've tried to figure something out ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Optimization over Spectral Laplacian in cycles and trees

Is there any idea on how one can deal with an optimization problem of sum of k largest eigenvalues(min) of Laplacian matrix of a simple cycle or tree?
I would like to use semidefinite programming for ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

501 views

### How many distinct eigenvalues does a random graph have?

It is well-known that a random graph a.e. has diameter 2. It is also well-known that the number of distinct eigenvalues of a graph is at least the diameter plus one.
But what is known about the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Global solution for spectral clustering

I used spectral clustering for directed graphs suggested by Dengyong Zhou paper to partition the graph.I selected the eigen vectors corresponding to k largest eigen values and then I use kmeans or FCM ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

241 views

### How to identify bridge nodes between nearly connected graph components in partitioned adjacency matrices?

I have adjacency matrices which have nearly connected components. That is partitions with a dense number of edges between nodes in the same group and few edges acting as bridges between these groups. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

309 views

### Find edge weights that fit given node weights

Let $G = (V,E)$ be a connected simple graph (unweighted, undirected, no selfloops) on $n$ nodes.
Let $\mathbf{d} := (d_1, d_2, ..., d_n) \in \mathbb{R}_{>0}^n$ be a vector of arbitrary given node ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

123 views

### Kernel of modified Kronecker sum

The Kronecker sum of two matrices $A \in M(n \times n, \mathbb{R})$ and $B \in M(m \times m,\mathbb{R})$ is defined by the matrix
$$A \oplus B = A \otimes I_m + I_n \otimes B \in M(nm \times nm, ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

338 views

### 1 or -1 as an eigenvalue of graph

I have a regular and arc transitive graph which I think that either 1 or -1 is an eigenvalues of adjacency matrix of this graph. How can I prove it? Is there any classification of graphs which have 1 ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

100 views

### Optimal weights for large eigenvalues of Laplacian

For a weighted and directed graph $G$ on $n$ vertices we define the Laplacian matrix by $L(G) = D(G)-A(G)$. Here $(i,j)$-th entry of ${A(G)}$ equals the weight $w_{ij}$ of the edge from $i$ to $j$ if ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

139 views

### a variation on the theory of equitable partitions for graphs

Assume you have a graph with an equitable partition with respect to cells $V_1,\ldots,V_n$. Accordingly, you can take the cellwise average value of a function on the node set - in other words, the ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

697 views

### Eigenvalues of a special block matrix associated with strongly connected graph

Definition
Let $G=(V,E,A)$ be a strongly connected directed graph, where $V=\{1,2,...,n\}$ denotes the vertex set, $E$ is the edge set, and $A$ is the associated adjacency matrix with $0-1$ ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

376 views

### When Do a Few Eigenvectors of Graph Laplacians Not Determine the Graph?

Essentially as the title, but I'll give a little bit more background.
I have some finite graph $G$ with $n$ vertices and adjacency matrix $A$. Let $D$ be the $n$ by $n$ matrix with the degree of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

469 views

### Complexity of finding a 0-1 vector in a subspace or showing that there is none

This question, is a slightly different disguise (see below), came up in discussions of this question about equitable partitions
A $0,1$ vector in $\mathbb{Z}^n$ is any vector with all entries $0$ and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

246 views

### Matrix Operations Preserving Hurwitz Stability

I begin with terminology I use in the question. A real square matrix $A$ is
negative-stable if for every eigenvalue $\lambda$ of $A$, ${\mathrm{Re}}(\lambda) < 0$;
$\ast$-negative-stable ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

563 views

### equitable partitions

It is well known that if $\pi$ is an equitable partition of a graph, then the spectrum of the corresponding partition matrix is a subset of the spectrum of the graph's matrix (where the matrix can be ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

515 views

### Positive semidefinite decomposition, Laplacian eigenvalues, and the oriented incidence matrix

Suppose $A\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ is Hermitian and positive semidefinite with some decomposition $A=BB^*$, where $B=(b_{ij})\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times m}$ (not necessarily the Cholesky decomposition). ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

235 views

### Ax=0, estimate min(Hamming(x)) ? Equivalently: Bipartite graph. How to find (estimate) minimal number of vertices1 which are connected with EVEN number of vertices2 ? Equivalently: estimate minimal weight of error correcting code ?

Consider system of linear equations Ax=0 over $F_2$ (field with two elements {0,1}).
Where number of variables is bigger than equations - so we have many solutions $x$.
Question How to estimate ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

576 views

### Computing the multiplicity of an eigenvalue of a 0-1 symmetric matrix…

When we want to compute the multiplicity of an eigenvalue of a 0-1 symmetric matrix (viewed as the adjacency matrix of an undirected regular graph), we commonly resort to the know lemma of Feit and ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

476 views

### Is this statement about the real edge space of a graph known or trivial?

The statement is:
($u$ is a fixed node in a fixed graph $G$)
$G$ is 3-connected
if and only if
the set of u-cycles span $\mathbb{R}^{E(G)}$.
A u-cycle is a simple (no vertex repetitions) cycle in G ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

472 views

### Relationship between free probability and deterministic graphs?

Consider the $N\times N$ matrix $$
M = \left(\begin{array} \\
0 & 1 & & 0 \\
1 & \ddots & \ddots & \\
& \ddots & \ddots & 1 \\
0 & & 1 & 0 \\
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

701 views

### Complex Eigenvalues of Directed Graphs

I have been computing eigenvalues of adjacency matrices for several directed (not necessarily strongly connected) graphs and one remarkable property seemed to hold (each graph that I have examined ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

267 views

### Encoding information about submatrix determinants

$M$ is an $n\times n$ matrix. Consider the submatrices $M(P;Q)$ formed from $P$ rows and $Q$ columns of $M$ where $P$ and $Q$ are disjoint indices.
Is there some way to encode the various ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

802 views

### Laplacian spectrum for product graphs

Let $G$ and $H$ be simple graphs.
I am interested in the Laplacian spectrum for various products of $G$ and $H$ namely the cartesian product, tensor product, lexicographical product and strong ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Planar Graphs and Skew Binary Spaces

Let $G$ be a planar triangulation on $3m$ edges and $m+2$ vertices. Let $A$ be the binary matrix obtained from the incidence matrix of $G$ by deleting a row (equivalently we require the rows of $A$ to ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

603 views

### Spectral radius of a proper subgraph

I came across a Chinese reference in the paper "On the spectral radius of trees with ﬁxed diameter" by Guo and Shao. The attribute the following to Q. Li, K.Q. Feng in: "On the largest eigenvalue of ...

**28**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### How much linear algebra can be done with graphs?

Let G be a finite directed acyclic graph, with sources $A=\{a_1,\ldots,a_n\}$ and sinks $B=\{b_1,\ldots,b_n\}$, with edge weights $w_{ij}$. The weight of a directed path P is the product of weights of ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

714 views

### Defining a canonical ordering of matrix rows/columns [closed]

I would like to find a way to define a canonical ordering of rows/columns in a matrix.
If two rows/columns cannot be ordered according to this canonical ordering (i.e. they're the "same"), then it ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

237 views

### When is polytope compatible with network flow?

A linear program is the problem of optimizing an linear objective function within some polytope $A$ over $\mathbf R^n$. My question is motivated by the question of when a linear programming problem ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

832 views

### Can a complex non-skew Hermitian matrix have purely imaginary eigenvalues?

I am trying to determine if a certain matrix can have purely imaginary eigenvalues. My question in its most general form is weather a complex matrix that is not skew-Hermitian and irreducible can ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Singular values of differences of square matrices

Suppose $A, B \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$. Let $\sigma_1(A),\ldots,\sigma_n(A)$ be the singular values of $A$, and let $\sigma_1(B),\ldots,\sigma_n(B)$ be the singular values of $B$. If I know these ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

306 views

### Morphisms between representations

I am looking at the automorphism group $G$ of a graph, represented as permutation matrices. The point in a proof I am trying to understand goes something like this:
"For any permutation matrix $P$ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

599 views

### eigenvalues of edge regular graphs

In graph theory, an edge regular graph is defined as follows.
Let G = (V,E) be a regular graph with v vertices and degree k.
G is said to be edge regular if there is also integer λ such that:
Every ...