Questions about the properties of vector spaces and linear transformations, including linear systems in general.

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1
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0answers
66 views

Reference request on operator matrices [on hold]

I'm looking for a reference on linear, bounded, self-adjoint operators defined on the product space, $T:E\times F\to E\times F$ such that $$Tx = \begin{pmatrix}A & B \\ C & D ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Symmetric Zero-Diagonal Matrices

Consider matrices with entries in a field $F$ of characteristic $2$. Let $\Omega$ denote the $2n\times2n$ matrix $\left[\begin{array}{ll}0&1_n\\1_n&0\end{array}\right]$. Then $X^t\Omega X$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Speed up Linear programming

I have a linear programming problem like this: minimize $c^t X$ under the constraint that $AX \ge b$. I will need to solve this linear programming problem online many times. I need it to be as fast ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Find relationships between events

I have a set of Events $(E_i)_i$ which have a probability $(P_i)_i$. I am able to write each event as a sum of distinct events that form a partition of the space. My goal is to find all the ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Checking the intersection of two sets

Let $E\subset{\mathbb R}^n$ be a set of the type $I_1\times \dots \times I_n$, where $I_k$ are real intervals, and $X$ be and $n\times p$ real matrix. Suppose also that $rank(X)=p$ and $n>p$. Is ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Multiplicative Symmetrization of Bilinear Forms

Let $F$ be a field of characteristic $2$, let $V$ be an even dimensional $F$-vector space, let $B$ be a non-degenerate symplectic bilinear form on $V$ and let $^*$ be the adjoint of $B$ on ${\rm ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Applying a linear operator to a basis set following SVD orthonormalization

Define $\Phi$ as an $N$x$N$ dense, symmetric matrix, who's columns represent a set of $N$ non-orthogonal bases. My intention is to: decompose $\Phi$ via SVD: $U \Lambda V^T = \Phi$ to create it's ...
-2
votes
0answers
24 views

non-negativity of cost function

For which set of real parameters $\alpha $ and $\beta$ the following expression is negative and for which positive $\frac{1}{\alpha \beta} \sum_{i=1}^n \log \frac{\alpha \lambda_i^{\beta}+\beta ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

A criteria for a subalgebra of M(n,C) being M(n,C) [migrated]

Suppose $S$ is a subalgebra of the matrix algebra $M_n(\mathbb{C})$. If for any vector $v$ and $w$ in $\mathbb{C}$, there always exists a matrix $A$ in $S$, depending on $v$ and $w$ of course, which ...
0
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0answers
59 views

Inequality of determinants for symmetric, positive definite matrices [closed]

Assume that A and B are symmetric, positive definite matrices of the same size. For which set of real parameters $\alpha $ and $\beta$ (if any) the following relation holds: ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Bounds on the effect of a matrix product on the Frobenius norm

I was wondering if there was a way to put upper and lower bounds on the Frobenius norm of a matrix product in relation to the Frobenios norm of one of the individual matrices, i.e, ...
5
votes
0answers
172 views

Weyl's construction for symplectic groups--an exercise in Fulton and Harris's book

This is an exercise in section 17.3 in Fulton and Harris's book:Representation theory-a first course. Let $V=\mathbb{C}^{2n}$ and $Sp(2n)$ be the symplectic group w.r.t the nondegenerate bilinear ...
-5
votes
0answers
108 views

What does “finding an element” in Z_n means? [closed]

I am currently in my last year of high-school and I try to learn Algebra on my own, one of my textbook exercise ask me to $$Find\;elements\;1,\;1/2,\;1/4,\;5,\;\sqrt(-2)\;in\;Z_5$$ I have no idea what ...
-4
votes
0answers
57 views

Group of characters of a group [closed]

The dual of a vector space E over a field \mathbb{K} is by definition given by the set E' of linear mappings f from E into \mathbb{K}. The similar concept in the case of an arbitrary group G is the ...
9
votes
0answers
174 views

Determinant inequality involving Hermitian, positive definite matrices

Question: Let $A,B,C\in M_{n}(C)$ be Hermitian and positive definite matrices such that:$$A+B+C=I_{n}$$ Show that: $$\det\left(6(A^3+B^3+C^3)+I_{n}\right)\ge 5^n\det(A^2+B^2+C^2)$$ This question ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Action of $(\mathbb{Z}/2g\mathbb{Z})$ on quadratic forms on $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$-vector space

Let $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$ the 2 elements field, with additive notation. I need some clarifications on the relation between quadratic forms on a $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$-vector space (say, of ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

determinant inequality for symmetric positive definite matrices

Assume that A and B are symmetric, positive definite matrices of the same size. For which set of real parameters $\alpha $ and $\beta$ the following relation holds ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Two matrix Fisher distributions on SO(3)?

After the uniform distribution (normalized Haar measure), the matrix Fisher distribution seems to be the most popular probability distribution on the Lie group SO(3). The density is proportional to ...
19
votes
1answer
781 views

Recognize this strange expression from linear algebra?

I've come across an odd-looking expression and oh how I wish I had a more elegant description of it. Maybe someone who enjoys symmetric bilinear forms in characteristic two will recognize it? Or ...
0
votes
2answers
103 views

Proof for a Rank-One Decomposition Theorem of Positive (semi) Definite Matrices

Consider the following result which I recently came across in a research paper in my area (Signal Processing) Let $X$ be a $N\times N$ positive semidefinite (psd) matrix whose rank is $r$. Let ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Largest eigenvalue of the sum of hermitian matricies

Is there an expression for the largest eigenvalue of the sum of two hermitian matricies in terms of the spectrum of the same matricies?
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Schur norm for self-adjoint operators

If $A$ is a $n \times n$ complex matrix then the Schur norm of $A$ is given by $$ || A||_S := \max_{||B||=1} ||A*B||,$$ where $||. ||$ is the operator norm and $*$ is the Hadamard (entry-wise) ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

What are the upper bound and stability conditions for the following simple linear system?

Consider the following linear system $$\dot{x}=\sum\limits_{i=1}^{m}{{{\alpha }_{i}}}\left( t \right)\cdot {{A}_{i}}\cdot x \quad (1) $$ where, $x\in {{\mathbb{R}}^{n}}$ represents the state vector, ...
4
votes
0answers
75 views

Strong convexity of the trace of the square root of a matrix function

Any clues about how to prove that the following function is strongly-concave in $x$? (We conjecture it is $2$-strongly concave but cannot prove it. We have already proved strict concavity through ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Dimension of Commutator Space [closed]

For each $n\times n$ matrix $A$ with real entries the set $$C(A)=\{X\in M_n(\mathbb{R}): AX=XA\}$$ is obviously a linear subspace of $M_n(\mathbb{R})$. Can we recognize the dimension of this ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Proving that the eigenvalues of a certain matrix product are positive

Let $A$ be an $m \times n$ matrix, and define: \begin{align*} U &= {\rm diag} \{ \frac{1}{\beta_j} \}, \beta_j = \sum_{k=1}^m |a_{kj}|, j = 1 \dots n \\ V &= {\rm diag} \{ \frac{1}{\alpha_i} ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Multi-dimensional permanent of structured tensor

I am facing the multidimensional permanent \begin{equation} \text{perm}(W) = \sum_{\sigma, \rho \in S_n} \prod_{j=1}^n W_{j, \sigma_j, \rho_j } \end{equation} of a 3-tensor $W_{j,k,l}$ of ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Adjusting matrix in generalized eigenvalue problem for the design of eigenfunctions

Take two matrices $A,B \in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$. I am considering the generalized eigenvalue problem ($\gamma \in \mathbb{R}, \phi \in \mathbb{R}^n$) $$A\phi = \gamma B\phi.$$ Is there a ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

When is the solution to a n initial value problem matrix differential equation invertible? [migrated]

Suppose $A (t,s)$ a $n\times n$ matrix is the solution of the initial value problem below, where $B_s$ is also an $n\times n$ matrix, invertible for all $s$: $$\dfrac{d A(t,s)}{ds} = B_s A(t,s)$$ $$ ...
7
votes
1answer
182 views

Block Matrix determinant

Consider the $k \times k$ block matrix: $ C = \left(\begin{array}{ccccc} A & B & B & \cdots & B \\ B & A & B &\cdots & B \\ \vdots & \vdots & \ddots & ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

How can I prove that the negative biased triangular kernel is positive semidefinite

How can I prove that the following triangular kernel function defined in $[0, 1] \subset R^1$ $k(x, x') = (1 - 2|x-x'|)$ is a positive semidefinite function? It turns out to be psd function when ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

$\mathcal{H}$-polyhedron under a linear map

Let $P = \{ x \in \mathbb{R}^n \mid Ax \leq b \}$ be a (bounded) polyhedron for $A \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$ and $b \in \mathbb{R}^m$, $n,m > 0$. Moreover, let $M \colon \mathbb{R}^n \to ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Separating duality for TVS?

What is the modern concept (term) for "separating duality" (dualité séparante in french) in the sense of Bourbaki (TVS Ch II § 6) as explained in the following ? ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Bounding multiplications of PSD random matrices

Consider the following setup, $(X, \hat{X}, Y, \hat{Y})$ are four $n \times n$ real, symmetric, full-rank, positive-definite matrices with entries between zero and one and operator norm $O(n)$. The ...
8
votes
2answers
323 views

Is there a hyperplane avoiding two independent sets?

Let $V$ be a vector space over a field with $5$ elements, $A,B \subseteq V$ independent subsets. Must there be a subspace of $V$ of codimension 1 disjoint from $A \cup B$?
2
votes
1answer
319 views

Who defined and who coined “module”?

The title of my Q. says it all: QUESTION:   Who defined and who coined: module? Would it be Emmy Noether? EDIT   In view of @anon's and KConrad's answers, and as it could have been ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

Eigendecomposition of analytic Hermitian matrix-valued functions of several variables

If $A(t)$ is an analytic, Hermitian matrix-valued function of a real variable $t$, then it is known that there are analytic functions $\lambda_i(t)$ and $x_i(t)$ corresponding to the eigenvalues and ...
2
votes
1answer
265 views

Operator norm vs spectral radius for positive matrices

I believe the following statement should be true but somehow I don't see an argument: For every integer $d>1$ there exists a constant $C=C(d)>1$ such that whenever $A$ is a $d \times d$ matrix ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Find base of kernel with as many 0 as possible

I have a 400x132 rectangular matrix with only 0 and 1. I am looking for the linear combinations of the columns of the matrix that sum to 0. For example C1 + C2 - C3 = 0. I want to find the linear ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Linear transformation of a polyhedral cone

Let $C$ be a polyhedral cone in $\mathbb{R}^m$ with H- and V-representations $C = \{x : A x \le 0 \} = \{R y : y \ge 0\}.$ The pair $(A,R)$ is referred to as a double description (DD) pair of the ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Smith Normal Form for block matrix

are there any known results on the smith normal form for block matrices over the integers? In particular I am interested in matrices of size (kr)x(ks) made of square blocks of size k such that each ...
4
votes
2answers
192 views

Is there an easy way to tell if all eigenvalues of a unitary or self-adjoint matrix only have eigenvalues of multiplicity two?

I am interested in a class of $2n\times 2n$ unitary matrices with complex entries (if you prefer, we can replace "unitary" with "self-adjoint"). I know that all the eigenvalues of matrices in this ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Complex parameters in the Ritz procedure

I am using the Ritz procedure to write a trial function as the superposition of other admissible functions, with the coefficients being unknown variational parameters to be determined. The variational ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Dimension of a similarity class

Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field with characteristic $0$. I consider the Jordan decomposition of a NILPOTENT matrix: $A=diag(J_{r_1},\cdots,J_{r_s})\in M_n(K)$ where $J_k$ is the nilpotent ...
-2
votes
0answers
21 views

Can a very bad Coefficient of determination (R squared value) not be indicative of model performance? [migrated]

Thanks in advance for the advice. I am trying to build a generalized linear model that has many predictors. The R squared value of the model is quite low (.21), but when I use the model to predict ...
5
votes
0answers
269 views

Reference request: Book of Linear algebra from categorical point of view

Is there any book of Linear algebra in the modern language of Category theory? I refer to the (systematic, formalist) study of the category whose objects are vector spaces and whose morphisms are ...
4
votes
2answers
117 views

When does a cone contain its dual cone?

Let $V$ be a finite-dimensional vector space with an inner-product $(,)$ and let $C\subset V$ be a cone in $V$. Let $C^\vee$ denote the dual of $C$ with respect to $(,)$, i.e., the set of vector $v\in ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Efficient way to find SVD of sum of projection matrices?

Lets say that we have n matrices of data $X_i : i \in [1, n]$. All $X_i$ have the same number of rows. Their associated projection matrices are $P_i = X_i(X_i^T X_i)^{-1}X_i^T$ Also say that we have ...
4
votes
1answer
347 views

Are constant connection coefficients uniquely determined by the (1,3) curvature coefficients?

Suppose that on a certain coordinate system the coefficients $\Gamma^i_{jk}$, $i,j,k=1,\cdots, n$, of a linear connection are constant. We do not require compatibility with a metric, however I am ...
2
votes
1answer
341 views

An inequality involving traces and matrix inversions

The following question kept me wondering for some time: Given the symmetric matrices $A,B,C\in\mathbb{R}^{n×n}$ where $A$ and $C$ are positive definite (hence invertible), and $B$ is positive ...