**6**

votes

**2**answers

161 views

### What methods do we have to understand the spectrum of matrices with restricted entries?

Consider questions of the form (or the "most probable value of" version of these questions rather than the "largest possible"),
What is the largest possible spectral radius of a $n \times n$ matrix ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Tensor and Hom are bi-adjoint functors for finite dimensional vector spaces? [on hold]

Let $U$, $V$ and $W$ be finite dimensional vector spaces over a field $\mathbb{F}$. It is well known that $U\otimes_\mathbb{F}-$ and $\mathrm{Hom}_\mathbb{F}(U,-)$ are adjoint functors in the sense ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Completing Karlin's proof of variation diminishing transformation theorem

In S Karlin's book total positivity there's a theorem
that says if $K(x,y)$ is $TP_r$ (totally positive with degree $r$) and the sign change count of function $h$, $S(h) = n\leq r-1$,
then ...

**-11**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### In Bedrock the citizens can rent cars from Wreck Rental for $40 down and $0.04 per mile. [on hold]

But they can also rent from Cutie Pie Rental for $0.20 per mile. After how many miles does Wreck Rental become a better deal?

**-9**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### The ordered pair (3,100) indicated that it costs $100 for a job that is 3 hours work. He charges $190 for 13 hours of work [on hold]

Find the slope between these two points. Slope = _____________
Find the y-intercept __________________
Write a linear equation to represent this scenario. Where x is the number of hours and y is the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

57 views

### Reference for measures of commutativity needed

I'm looking for an appropriate measure to quantify the extent to which two matrices commute. In other words, if A and B are two n×n Hermitian matrices, and [A,B]=C.
I'd like a function μ:Cn×n→[0,∞) ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

47 views

### inequality involving determinants and quadratic forms [on hold]

I'm interested in comparing $\det(x'\boldsymbol{A}x)$ and $\det(\boldsymbol{A})x'x$ where $\boldsymbol{A}$ is symmetric positive semidefinite, and $x$ is a free vector of constant. My argument is: ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

31 views

### Splines linearly independent

Let $N_1:=\chi_{[0,1]}$ be defined as this characteristic function and $N_n:=N_{n-1}*N_1$ then this leads to polynomials with support $[0,n]$. These splines are well-studied click for wikipedia My ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### I have to show any non-invertible matrix is a reducible matrix [on hold]

Suppose that $A \in M_n(D)$ and $D$ be a division ring. An $n × n$ matrix $A = (a_{ij} )$ is called reducible if $A$
has a non-trivial invariant subspace in $D^n$. I have to show any non-invertible ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### bounding of the largest Singular value of a product of matrices [closed]

Does anybody know the inequality of the largest singular value for product of matrices, i.e.
?? > $\sigma \uparrow (XY)$ > ??, X and Y are positive definite matrices.
The bounds should be linear so ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

312 views

### Is there a nice “synthetic” way for doing differential geometry on infinite dimensional vector spaces?

If $V$ is an infinite dimensional vector space, for example the space of smooth functions on $\mathbb{R}$, we can introduce some differential geometry concepts by choosing a topology on $V$ and doing ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

10 views

### How to treat non-identifiable states in Kalman filtering/dynamic linear models?

Let $x_t = G_tx_{t-1}+\omega_t$ with $\omega_t \sim \mathrm{N}(\mathbf{0}, \mathbf{W}_t)$ be a state equation and $y_t = F_tx_t+\nu_t$ with $\nu_t \sim \mathrm{N}(\mathbf{0}, \mathbf{V}_t)$ be a ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

230 views

### “Typical” convergence rate for the von Neumann mean ergodic theorem

The von-Neumann theorem states that for a unitary operator $U: {\cal H} \mapsto {\cal H}$,
where ${\cal H}$ is a Hilbert space, the following holds:
$$
\lim_{N\to \infty} \frac{1}{N} \sum_{n=1}^N U^n ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

198 views

### Minimum of squared sum minus sum of squares

I know that
$$
\min_{\|x\|_2=1=\|y\|_2} \left(\sum_{k=1}^nx_ky_k\right)^2-\sum_{k=1}^nx_k^2y_k^2 \geq -1/2
$$
with equality whenever $|x_k|=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}=|y_k|$ for two coordinates.
I'm ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

44 views

### non-intersecting families of subspaces

Given $V$, a vector space over a finite field $F$ of size $k$, if $\dim(V)=m$, and $r$ divides $m$, there exists a family of $r$-dimensional subspaces, whose size is equal to $(k^m-1)/(k^r-1)$ and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### Convexity of the product of two exponential matrices

Let $S\subset\mathbb{R}$ be a convex set and $\mathbb{S}^{n}$ be the set of real symmetric matrices of order $n\times n$.
A matrix valued function $\Gamma: S \rightarrow \mathbb{S}^{n}$ is said to ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

78 views

### Nonlinear matrix differential equation

I want to solve the equilibrium of the following differential equation:
$\dot{x_i} = \sum_j A_{ij} x_j + x_i \sum_j B_{ij}x_j$
which is essentiall in matrix notation:
$\dot{\mathbf{x}} = ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Existing complete function space under suitable norm

This question was asked in math.stackexchange.com but no suitable answer was received, so I am posting it here.
This is a question which came to me due to several previous question: sorry for the all ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

73 views

### What is the trace of this operator in $L^\infty$ (if this question make sense)?

Let $\Omega$ be a closed domain in $\mathbb{R}^N$, and $\lambda$ the corresponding Lebesgue measure. We define in $(L^\infty(\Omega), \Vert \cdot \Vert_\infty)$ the following operator :
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

51 views

### Smallest sum of original column entries in 2d matrix [closed]

I have an interesting optimization problem I am trying to solve now and I thought I'd share it here in order to find the best answer. The problem itself is not complicated and it is stated like this:
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

38 views

### Dimension of a certain subspace of univariate polynomials

Let $\mathbb{F}$ be an arbitrary field. For a polynomial $f\in\mathbb{F}[x]$,
we use $Z(f)$ to denote set of roots of $f$ in $\mathbb{F}$. Let $S$
and $T$ be sets of elements of $\mathbb{F}$ of size ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

53 views

### Given $M$, minimize $|Mx|_0$

Given a matrix $M \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times m}$, I would like to find
$\min_{x \in \mathbb{R}^m} \|Mx\|_0$ such that $x \neq 0^m$,
where the $\ell_0$ "norm" is measured by simply counting the number ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

318 views

### How many random matrices does it take to generate a matrix algebra?

Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite field.
Let $A\le \mbox{Mat}_n(\mathbb{F})$ be a matrix algebra.
Is there a good bound on the number $k$ of random elements $a_1,\dots,a_k\in A$
that one needs to take ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

48 views

### Question about Eigenvalues of group elements [migrated]

The quaternion algebra is given by
$\mathbb{H}$ = $\{a+bi+cj+dk \mid a, b, c, d \in \mathbb{R}, i^2 = j^2 = k^2 = -1, ij = k = -ji\} := \{z_1+z_2j \mid z_1, z_2 \in \mathbb{C}\}.$
I consider the ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### Bunnity of multilinear maps

Is there a way to compute the following nullity of multilinear maps? As it is different from any nullity I know of, I call it bunnity after myself:-)) If it already has a name, it be nice to know it. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

1k views

### Does this linear algebra construction based on a graph have a name, and where has it been studied?

In the paper Kochen-Specker set with seven contexts by Lisonek, Badziag, Portillo and Cabello, the following construction is used :
Question : Have such constructions been used elsewhere, and if so ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### Issue of Tikhonov regularization and Sobolev spaces

This question related to the link below:
Shttp://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1272235/space-of-tikhonov-regularization-of-an-ill-poised-problems
Tikhonov regularization gives smoothing results ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

### Which operators other than self-adjoint operators have no purely imaginary eigenvalues? [closed]

Given an operator mapping between suitable spaces, what is the condition that guarantees all eigenvalues have nonzero real part? Obviously self-adjointness implies all eigenvalues are real, but how ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Degree of permutation of hypercube

Given $S_0\cup S_1=T_0\cup T_1=\{0,1\}^n$, $S_0\cap S_1=T_0\cap T_1=\emptyset$, with $|S_i|=|T_i|$ for both $i\in\{0,1\}$, what is degree of transformation that simultaneously maps $S_i$ to $T_i$ for ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Linear independence of +/- 1 strings/vectors II

Let $V=\left\{-1,1\right\}^{n}$. Consider three vectors $v_1,v_2,v_3\in V$. I would like to know whether these vectors are linearly independent over $\mathbb{Z}$. To be more precise - I need a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

152 views

### Is there a way to simplify this apparently huge characteristic polynomial calculation?

Say I am given the $0/1$ adjacency matrix of an undirected graph. Also I am given a representation $\rho$ of some group $G$ and an orientation has been arbitrarily chosen along each edge. Let ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

117 views

### Linear independence of +/- 1 strings/vectors

Let $V=\left\{-1,1\right\}^{n}$. Consider three vectors $v_1,v_2,v_3\in V$. I would like to know whether these vectors are linearly independent over $\mathbb{Z}$. To be more precise - I need a ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

421 views

### Analogue of Cayley Hamilton theorem for operators on Hilbert space

Is there an analogue of Cayley Hamilton theorem which holds for operators on a separable Hilbert space. Obviously the characteristic polynomial will be replaced by something else.

**5**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Dimension of the span of all partial derivatives of a given symmetric polynomial $f$ and the polynomial $E(f)$

I need some help on the problem below.
Let $d\geq 4$ and $f$ a symmetric polynomial, homogeneous of degree $d$, in $n$ variables $x_1,\dots,x_n$, with real coefficients. We set
$$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

294 views

### How to prove the following determinant identity? [migrated]

This problem is relevant to the spin operator matrix elements in the quantum 1D XY model.
For any even integer $N$, define two sets ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

336 views

### A table for irreducible integral representation of finite cyclic groups

Is there such a table where the irreducible integral representations of finite cyclic groups
are listed?
Edited:
Thanks for Todd Leason's comment.Acutally,i want to know all inequivalent ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

90 views

### Projectors onto the invariant subspaces of a unitary representation $U \otimes U^* \otimes U \otimes U^*$

Let $$U \mapsto U \otimes U^* \otimes U \otimes U^*$$ be a unitary representation of the unitary group $U(n)$ acting on the vector space $V$ (where $U^*$ is the complex conjugate of $U$). We can ...

**41**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### How to prove this determinant is positive?

Given the matrices $ A_i=
\biggl(\begin{matrix}
0 & B_i \\
B_i^T & 0
\end{matrix} \biggr)
$, where $B_i$ are real matrices and $i=1,2,\ldots,N$, how to prove that $\det(I + ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

36 views

### Is there a relation between covariance matrices and real and imaginary part of eigenvectors?

Apology if my question not clear or appropriate. Consider a complex positive definite sample covariance matrix (SCM) A, generated by a band limited signal on a set of sensors which is termed as data ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

37 views

### How to characterize a linearly-constrained subspace in a projection [closed]

I hope this one is easy. Suppose I have an underdetermined, rectangular matrix $A$ and vector $b$. I want to reason about the subspace where $Ax = b$ and specifically the projection $y:= Tx$. Is there ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### What is the complexity of intersecting two matrix algebras over a finite field?

The following question arose in a joint project with Arkadius Kalka and Adi Ben-Zvi.
Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite field, and $M_n(\mathbb{F})$ be the $n\times n$ matrices over $\mathbb{F}$.
For a ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

145 views

### constant rank theorem for banach spaces

Is there a similar statement to the constant rank theorem for finite dim real smooth manifolds which holds for a smooth map $F:B \rightarrow M$ where $B$ is an infinite (countable) dim Banach space ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Convenient Basis Presentation of Lefschetz Decomposition

Let $V$ be an almost-complex vector space, equipped with a symplectic element $\omega \in V^{(1,1)}$. In terms of a basis $b^+_i \in V^{(1,0}$, $b^-_i \in V^{(0,1}$, does there exist a "simple" ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### Number of matrices with given Smith normal form

Denote with $\mathcal{M}$ the set of $(m \times n)$-matrices with integer coefficients bounded by some $K$. Given a matrix $B \in \mathcal{M}$ that is in Smith normal form, is anything known about the ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

12 views

### Is it possible to create hierarchy basis? [migrated]

An eigenbasis is defined as basis consisting entirely of eigenvectors of a linear transformation. On the other hand a Schauder basis is also a basis except they allow for infinite sums. I could not ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Do copairings provide dualities in derived categories?

Here is an elementary fact about vector spaces. Let $V,W$ be vector spaces over a field $\mathbb K$ and let $c : \mathbb K \to V \otimes W$ be an element of the tensor product. Then $c$ determines ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

32 views

### Lattice-isotopic essentialization of arrangements

I'm working on a problem related to
$\textbf{Randell's isotopy theorem}$ for complex hyperplane arrangements. I have a question which seems quite obvious. However, I haven't found a rigorous proof ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Symmetric kernel of tensor product

Let $V,W$ be two vector spaces, and let $L_i:V\rightarrow W$, $i=1,\ldots,n$ be $n$ linear maps with disjoint kernels $K_i$ of dimension $1$.
Consider the tensor product of these maps $L_1\otimes ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### A tensor equation related to an invariant of a diffeomorphism

Let $M$ be an $n$-dimensional differentiable manifold, $f : U
\rightarrow V$ a diffeomorphism between open neighbourhoods $U$, $V$
of $M$ with $f(x)=x$ for some $x \in U$, and let $R$, $S$, $T$ be
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

23 views

### LU growth factor applied to LDL of a Positive Semidefinite matrix [closed]

For a Positive Semidefinite matrix $A$, which we can decompose through $LDL$ decomposition as follows: $A=LDL^\text{T}$; how can we prove that for a decomposition $A=LU=L(DL^\text{T})$, the growth ...