Questions about the properties of vector spaces and linear transformations, including linear systems in general.

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-1
votes
0answers
21 views

multiplication of a projection matrix and PSD matrix is a PSD?

I have a projection matrix P and X^TAX where A is a diagonal matrix with all strictly positive entries can I tell that PX^TAX is PSD?
1
vote
0answers
84 views

Default Orientation of Vectors [on hold]

When I started studying math in 1982 in Germany, there seemed to have been a change in the choice of the default orientation of vectors; while it was row-vectors till then, it changed to ...
6
votes
1answer
153 views

Horn's inequalities for n matrices

Where I can find necessary and sufficient conditions on eigenvalues of Hermitian matrices with the relation $$A_1 + A_2 + ... + A_n = A_0 ,$$ i.e. Horn's inequalities for n matrices? Can such ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Reducing $\ell_1$ norm of non-full-rank matrices

I have two matrices ${\bf{X}}_{p\times r}$ and ${\bf{Y}}_{r\times q}$ with $r<\min(p,q)$. Matrix ${\bf Y}$ does not have full row rank (i.e., rank$({\bf Y})<r$). Can I build two new matrices ...
8
votes
1answer
236 views

Why does this antisymmetric product factor out a determinant?

Consider a generic $n \times n$ matrix $M$. Define the $(n-1) \times n$ matrix $M_q$ to be $M$ with the $q$th row omitted, and assume that $M_q$ possesses a right inverse, $R_q$: $$R_q = M_q^T (M_q ...
-1
votes
0answers
122 views

Why do I study a lot but still don't understand the material too well? [on hold]

I had a linear algebra test yesterday and I studied a week in advance for it. I did all the assigned homework questions, past exam questions, problem set questions, but I still did poorly on the test. ...
3
votes
2answers
57 views

Norm of triangular truncation operator on rank deficient matrices

Let $T_{n\times n}$ be a triangular truncation matrix, i.e. $$T_{i,j}=\begin{cases}1 & i\ge j\\ 0 & i<j \end{cases}$$ It is known that for arbitrary $A_{n\times n}$ $$\|T\circ ...
-4
votes
0answers
24 views

Help with simple rotation on an x,y plane [migrated]

I'm a programmer, with too little background in mathematics, and I am currently faced with the challenge of rotating an object on a 2 axis plane. Something that is hopefully quite easy for you guys. ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Boundedness of ratio of linear functions

Consider the function \begin{eqnarray} f(x_1,x_2,\cdots, x_n) = \frac{\sum_{i}^{n}a_ix_i}{\sum_{i}^{n}b_ix_i}, \end{eqnarray} over the set $S = \{x := (x_1,x_2,\cdots, x_n):-1 \leq x_i \leq 1,\; ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Linear map with two “incompatible” representations

Let $K$ be a field and let $V$ be the set of sequences $\{v_1,v_2,\dots\}$ of elements of $K$. If $A=\{a_1,a_2,\dots\}$ is also a sequence of elements of $K$, then it defines an endomorphism of $V$ ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

What is a degenerate Legendre Transformation?

I am studying the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian description of some dynamical systems. The problem with this description of the particular kind of systems I am studying, is that the Legendre ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Uniqueness of a quadratic time-dependent matrix equation

Let $v: [0,1] \to \mathbb R^n, t \mapsto v(t)$ continuously differentiable with the property that for any constant vector $h \in \mathbb R^n$ the fact that $v(t)^{\top} h = 0$ for all $t \in [0,1]$ ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Number of Matrices with bounded determinant

Here's my question: Let $k,B,C$ be positive integers such that $B<C$. Can you give an upper bound for the number of $k\times k$ integer matrices having entries bounded in modulus by $B$ having ...
-6
votes
0answers
47 views

solve for three unknowns. [closed]

Apple cost 97 dollars. Orange cost 56 and lemon cost 3. The total amount spent is 16047 dollars and total fruits bought is 240 and each one is bought atleast one. Calculate how many of each have been ...
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

NonLinear Maps and homogeneity [closed]

An example of a function $\phi : R^2 \to R$ such that $\phi(av) = a \phi(v)$ but $\phi$ is not linear. So I know that I need to find a function that has linear homogeneity but doesn't have the ...
-4
votes
0answers
43 views

let A be an n*n matrix with real entries which of the following is coorect? [closed]

let A be an n*n matrix with real entries which of the following is coorect? (a) if A^2 =0 then A diagonalisable over complex numbers (b) if A^2= I then A diagonalisable over real numbers (c) if A^2 ...
4
votes
3answers
202 views

Is this function well studied?

Let $A_1,\dots,A_L$ be $N\times N$ hermitian matrices. Define the simplex \begin{align} \mathcal{S}=\left\{[x_1,\dots,x_L]\mid x_i\geq 0,~\sum_{i=1}^{L}x_i=1 \right\} \end{align} and consider the ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Isomorphism of matrix ring over ore domain

Let $R_1,R_2$ be (left and right) ore domains. Does $ Mat_n(R_1)\cong Mat_m(R_2)$ implie m=n and $q.f.(R_1)\cong q.f.(R_2)$? An counter example, a proof or a reference is welcomed. Thanks
6
votes
2answers
158 views

elementwise functions of positive definite matrix

The fact that the Schur (that is, element wise) product of two positive definite (symmetric) matrices is positive definite immediately implies (using the convexity of the positive semi definite cone) ...
7
votes
1answer
135 views

Finite-dimensional inverse limits of double-dual spaces

Let $k$ be a field and $\{V_i\}_{i \in I}$ a filtered projective system of $k$-spaces with transition maps $f_{ji}: V_j \rightarrow V_i$ for $i \leq j$ (for my purposes we may assume the index set is ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Text book for 2nd Linear Algebra course [migrated]

I stumbled across this site while searching for Hoffman and Kunze. There was a discussion about using HK for a beginning linear algebra course. I am teaching (for the first time) a 2nd course in ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Solving a matrix equation $X=c \cdot AXA' +I$ with a diagonal corrections

I am now struggling to solve the matrix $X \in R^{n \times n}$ in the following equation: $X=c \cdot AXA' - diag(c \cdot AXA')+ I$, where (1) $A \in R^{n \times n}$ is a given matrix whose element ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Comparison of the smallest eigenvalues of two tridiagonal matrices

Let $n\geq2$ be an integer and $E_{ii}$ for an integer $2\leq i\leq n$ be the $n\times n$-matrix with its $ii$-entry equal to 1 and remaining entries equal zero. Furthermore, let ...
10
votes
3answers
530 views

Are all vector-space valued functors on sets free?

Let $\mathbf{Set}$ be the category of finite sets and functions between them, and let $\mathbf{Vect}$ be the category of finite-dimensional complex vector spaces and linear transformations between ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Integer Solutions To Linear Equation [migrated]

$$a*q_1+b*q_2=c$$ $$a*q_3+b*q_4=f$$ $q_1, q_2, q_3, q_4$ rational numbers, $c,f$ integer Given $q_1, q_2$ can you construct all solutions $(a,b)$ where $c,f$ is intenger I made an edit since the ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Solution of infinite dimension linear system

Suppose that ${a_n}$ and $b_n$ is decreasing sequence such that $a_0=A$, $lim_{n->\infty}a_n=0$ and $b_0=B$, $lim_{n->\infty}b_n=0$. For fix n, we can construct n dimension linear equation ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Cholesky decomposition of a large covariance matrix

I have a tricky problem concerning a covariance matrix cholesky decomposition. What I need is to obtain the cholesky decomposition of the estimated variance matrix of the set of samples stored in a ...
0
votes
3answers
196 views

Matrix $A$ such that for all matrices $B$ the product $AB$ has a row with not a single zero

Let $A$ be a given fixed $n \times m$ matrix. We also consider matrices $B$ of dimension $m \times p$. I am interested in those matrices $A$, for which for all $B \in \mathbb R^{m \times p}$ with ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

A Optimization problem using co-ordinates of joint numerical range.

Let $\mathbf{A}_1,\dots,\mathbf{A}_L$ be $N\times N$ hermitian matrices. Define the mapping from the $N-$dimensional unit sphere to $\mathbb{R}^L$ as \begin{align} ...
4
votes
1answer
453 views

Surprising connection between linear algebra and graph theory

What is the intuition for linear algebra being such an effective tool to resolve questions regarding graphs? For example, one can determine if a given graph is connected by computing its Laplacian ...
9
votes
2answers
181 views

A differentiable one-parameter family of codimension 2 subspaces of $\mathbb{C}^n$ cannot fill $\mathbb{C}^n$, right?

Suppose that $P(t)$ is a one-parameter family of rank 2 self-adjoint projections on $\mathbb{C}^n$ that vary analytically in the real parameter $t \in [0,1]$. I claim that there must exist a vector $x ...
2
votes
2answers
218 views

Finding the set of all $0-1$ vectors in an affine subspace

We are given a $0-1$ matrix $A$ with constant row and column sum, and we need to find out if there exists a $0-1$ vector in the solution space of $Ax = \mathbf{1}$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ (or $\mathbb{Z}$) ...
3
votes
4answers
185 views

Determinant of sum of Kronecker products

Given four real symmetric matrices $A,B \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ and $C,D \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times m}$, is there an efficient way to compute the determinant: $\det|A \otimes C + B \otimes D |$
1
vote
0answers
17 views

the 3th and 4th order statistics of Circularly Symmetric Complex Normal random vector?

Assume that ${\bf{z}} \in {\mathbb{C}}^{n \times 1}$ is a CSCG random vector denoted with $\mathcal{C} ~ (\bf{\mu} _0,\bf \Sigma _0)$ where $\mu _0$ and $\bf \Sigma _0$ are mean and contrivance ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

What is classified by $H^1(\mathbb{R},SO(p,q))$ and by $H^1(\mathbb{R},SU(p,q))$?

We denote by $F^{\mathbb{R}}_{p,q}$ the quadratic form over the field ${\mathbb{R}}$ $$ F^{\mathbb{R}}_{p,q}(x)=x_1^2+\dots+x_p^2-(x_{p+1}^2+\dots+x_{p+q}^2) $$ on the vector space ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Matrix equation solving guidelines [closed]

Does anyone how to solve this matrix equation? $$ PXQ^T+P^TXQ=A$$ where all matrices are real and square. Can you provide me with some guidelines? Thanx
13
votes
1answer
237 views

A possible extension of a determinant inequality

It is well known that if $A, B$ are positive semidefinite matrices, then $$\det (A+B)\ge \det A+\det B.$$ I am considering a possible extension of this result. Let $\mathbb{M}_m(\mathbb{M}_n)$ ...
-1
votes
0answers
15 views

2-norm of a canonical Jordan form and spectral radius [migrated]

Let J be a real square matrix which has a canonical real Jordan form. Is it true that the 2-norm of J is equal to its spectral radius? P.S.: The 2-norm of J is ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Under what conditions there is a one-to-one mapping between a product of matrices and the sequence of matrices leading to the product?

I have a set of matrices $A_1,\ldots,A_n$. Let $\mathcal{A} = \{A_i\}$. What are some simple conditions under which for any sequence of indices between $1$ and $n$, $a_1,\ldots,a_m$, the product ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

Positive Semidefinite matrix [closed]

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ symmetrix matrix, if $\forall i$, $a_{ii}\geq |a_{ij}|,\forall j$ satisfies, can we say that $A$ is a positive semidefinite matrix? I tried to find a counter example, but ...
6
votes
1answer
194 views

On an inequality among determinants

For Hermitian matrices $X, Y$, I write $X\ge Y\ge 0$ to mean $X-Y$ and $Y$ are positive semidefinite. In Lemma 2.5 of [Linear Algebra Appl. 452 (2014) 1-6] I proved that if $X + Y\ge W + Z$, $X\ge ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

L is the laplacian matrix of an undirected graph, D is a diagonal matrix. What does the cofactor of L+D looks like?

We know that any cofactor of the Laplacian matrix constant, and equal to the number of spanning tree. How are the cofactors change if I just add a diagonal matrix to the Laplacian matrix. Any help ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

An integral problem related to matrix determinant

I am stuck in an integral problem: ...
16
votes
0answers
503 views

conjectures regarding a new Renyi information quantity

In a recent paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1403.6102, we defined a quantity that we called the "Renyi conditional mutual information" and investigated several of its properties. We have some open ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Space of matrices B for which there is a solution to Bx=c for a given c

Let $F$ be a field, $k$ and $m$ natural numbers with $k \leq m$, and $c \in F^m$. Is there some name for the set $\mathcal{B}_c = \{ B \in F^{m \times k}\, | \,\, \exists x \in F^k $s.t. $ Bx = c\}$ ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

the annihilator of cokernel in a particular case

Let $A\in Mat(m,n;R)$ for $m\le n$ and $R$ a local ring. Consider the $mn\times(m^2+n^2)$ matrix $A\otimes 1_{nn}\oplus 1_{mm}\otimes A^T$, here $1_{mm}$, $1_{nn}$ are identity matrices. I'd like to ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Diagonalization of 4th order tensors

I have been wondering about the following problem... Let $n$ be a positive integer and denote by $M_n^s$ the space of symmetric $n\times n$ real matrices. Now, we look at the space $\mathcal ...
5
votes
1answer
249 views

Equivalence of exterior forms

Let us start with the following definition. Let $1\leqslant k\leqslant n$ and let $\omega_1,\omega_2\in\Lambda^k(\mathbb{R}^n)$. We say that $\omega_1$, $\omega_2$ are equivalent, if there exists ...
5
votes
2answers
186 views

Local maxima and minima of the trace of a product of $SL_2^\pm(\mathbb{R})$-matrices

I am working on a problem relating to Lyapunov exponents of products of random matrices, and this has led me to the following question which I suspect is best approached using techniques outside my ...
4
votes
0answers
291 views

A stronger Cauchy-Schwarz inequality for traces of compression matrices

Assume that $A$ and $B$ are contractions, so $I-AA^T$ and $I-BB^T$ are positive-definite matrices. Let $C=(I-AB^T)^{-1}(I-AA^{T})(I-BA^{T})^{-1}$, and show that: ...