Convergence of series, sequences and functions and different modes of convergence.

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3
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1answer
216 views

Convergence of a triple sum involving the imaginary part of the Riemann zeta function's non trivial zeros

Let $N>0$ an integer, $k>0$ a real parameter and let $\rho = \beta +i \gamma$ a non trivial zero of the Riemann zeta function. For a work I need to find the best possible $k$ such that ...
5
votes
2answers
151 views

When does the radius of convergence of the product of two $p$-adic power series increase?

Let $p$ be a prime number and denote by $R(f)$ the radius of convergence of a power series $f(x) \in \mathbb{C}_p[[x]]$, where $\mathbb{C}_p$ is the completion of the algebraic closure of ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Mapping an arrow from the direct limit of a diagram to the family of arrows from the diagram

Consider the direct limit of an indexed family $\{a_n\}_{n\in \omega}$: $\require{AMScd}$ \begin{CD} a_0 @>>> \ldots @>>> a_n @>>> a_{n+1} @>>> ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Strange limit problem involving $\binom{z}{n} e^{-xn\log n}$ with $z \in \mathbb{C}$

Is the following limit result correct: $$\lim\limits_{x \to 0^{+}}\sum\limits_{n=0}^{\infty} \binom{z}{n} e^{-xn\log n} = 2^{z}$$ where, $z \in \mathbb{C}$, and the notation $\displaystyle ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

Pointwise convergence for continuous functions

Let $f_n:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb R$ be a sequence of continuous functions converging pointwise, i.e. such that $\forall x\in [0,1]$, the sequence $(f_n(x))_{n\in \mathbb N}$ converges. We set ...
4
votes
1answer
612 views

When does this interesting sum diverge?

For $x \gt 0,$ what is the greatest $y$ such that $$\sum_ {1\le h^x \le k^y} \frac{1}{h^x k^y}= \infty ?$$ I don't know of any references or methods for this -- not even for $x=1$, for which the ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

Convergence of a double sum involving prime numbers

This has been moved from math.stackexchange; I am attempting to prove/disprove convergence of the following sum $$ \lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{1}{n} \sum_{p \leq n} \sum_{k=0}^\infty \ln p ...
5
votes
1answer
134 views

Rate of Convergence of Borwein Algorithm for computing Pi

In a book "Pi and the AGM" in 1987, authors, Jonathan Borwein and Peter Borwein, introduced a magical algorithm to compute $\pi$. However there is a problem that I couldn't understand and couldn't ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Interplay between CLT and convergence in Total Variation

Given a random variable $X$ with bounded moments such that $E[X] = 0, E[X^2] = 1$, let $F_n$ denote the distribution $\sum\limits_{i=1}^d\frac{X_i}{\sqrt{n}}$ where each $X_i$ is an independent copy ...
6
votes
1answer
343 views

Factorial-based constant

Am looking for a name for: $$\prod\dfrac{1}{1-\dfrac{1}{n!}}$$ $$=2.529477472079152648180116154253954242$$ Wolfram|Alpha Expanding the formula gives: ...
1
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0answers
101 views

Strong convergence

From this paper: ...
7
votes
0answers
341 views

Lemma in Scholze-Weinstein

In the paper "Moduli of $p$-divisible groups" by Scholze and Weinstein (see http://math.bu.edu/people/jsweinst/Moduli/Moduli.pdf), one finds the following claim in Lemma 5.2.7: Lemma: Let $K$ be a ...
2
votes
2answers
315 views

Is $\liminf \frac{\sigma_{k}(({2}^{m-1})({2^m-1}))}{\phi_{k}(({2}^{m-1})({2^m-1}))}$ finite for every $k$?

I would like to check if this limit :$$\liminf \frac{\sigma_{k}(({2}^{m-1})({2^m-1}))}{\phi_{k}(({2}^{m-1})({2^m-1}))}$$ finite for every $k$? where :$\phi_{k}$ is iterating Euler - totient function ...
4
votes
0answers
80 views

On contractive properties of a nonlinear matrix algorithm

I’m stuck in a problem that concerns a nonlinear iterative matrix algorithm. Although the problem is quite complicated to explain I’ll try to describe it in a simple way, neglecting unnecessary ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Almost sure convergence of smallest eigenvector of diagonal matrix

I have that a sequence of random matrices, $M_n$, converges almost surely to a diagonal matrix, $D$, with finite real entries on its diagonal. During convergence, the off-diagonals are not necessarily ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

convergence of unconstrained convex optimization

I encounter an optimization problem. The simplified version is like following: Denote function $F(x):\mathbf{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbf{R}$, where $F(x)$ is a smooth lower bounded convex function (i.e. ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Pointwise convergence of polynomials to a function on a compact set K that is 1 on some disc D and zero outside D

Motivation of my question: Let $A$ be a bounded selfadjoint operator with spectral measure $E$ and $x$ a vector. Then it is easily seen that the closed linear span of all $A^nx$ ($n\in\mathbb N$) ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Proving convergence is impossible for a sum of hyperbolic cosines

Suppose that $z$ is some complex value. Is it possible to prove that $$\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} \sum_{j = 1}^n {\sqrt{n \over j}} \cdot \cosh(z \log {n \over j}-\operatorname{ Arccoth} (2z)) $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Literature question on the convergence rate of the empirical distribution

Assume that given $n$ i.i.d samples $(X_1, X_2, ..., X_n)$ drawn from $p_X$, an unknown probability mass function defined over a finite alphabet $\mathcal{X}$, one wants to estimate $p_X(x)$ for each ...
3
votes
2answers
162 views

Uniform Convergence of Moment Generating Function

In the article, "The Empirical Moment Generating Function" by Csörgö, the author defines the empirical moment generating function for a sample of $n$ variables $X_1,X_2, \dots, X_n$ as: $$ ...
6
votes
2answers
258 views

Does the limit of this product over primes converge for all $\Re(s) > \frac12$?

Numerical evidence suggests that: $$\displaystyle F(s):= \lim_{N \to \infty}\, \ln^s\left(p_N\right)\, \prod_{n=1}^N \left(\dfrac{\left(p_n-1\right)^s}{p_n^s-1} -\frac{1}{p_n^s}\right)$$ with $p_n$ ...
3
votes
2answers
149 views

Lower bound for Euler's function

Euler function is defined, for $|x|\le 1$, as follows: $$\phi(x)=\prod_{i=1}^\infty(1-x^i)$$ Upper bounds for $\phi$ can be simply derived from ending the product early, e.g. ...
5
votes
1answer
260 views

The limit of the following product? What is the closed form of the value?

Assume that $P_n$ is the $n$'th prime: Please help me solve the following $$\lim_{k\to\infty} {k}\prod_{n=1}^k \frac{P_{2n-1}}{P_{2n}}$$ I am not really sure quite where to start here as I am ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Convergence of generalized inverses

During the reading about Fisher–Tippett–Gnedenko theorem (it can be found easily on wiki - I don't have enough reputation to post more links), I've got stuck, trying to understand more deeply one of ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Uniform convergence of 2-norm of a multinomial vector

Let $(X_1,X_2,\ldots,X_k)$ be distributed according to a multinomial distribution with parameters $(n;p_1,p_2,\ldots, p_k),$ i.e. $$P(X_1=n_1,\ldots,X_k=n_k) = {n\choose n_1,n_2,\ldots,n_k} ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Notion of convergence on a dense subset

My motivation for this question is as follows. Consider the set $D$ of cadlag functions on $(0,1)$ and its subset $D^\uparrow$ of non-decreasing cadlag functions. Each $f \in D$ has at most countably ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

limit and combinatorics

Given $x \in (0,\frac{1}{2})$ and $y \in (0,\frac{1}{2}]$, what is the value of the following limit: $\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty}\sum_{k=0}^{n}{n \choose k}|x^{n-k}(1-x)^{k}-y^{n-k}(1-y)^{k}|?$ When ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Weak convergence of random variables in $L^2$ and vague convergence

Dumb question: Let $X_n:\Omega \to \mathbf{R}$ be a sequence of $L^2(\Omega,\Sigma,\mathbf{P})$ random variables that has a weak limit $X$ in $L^2$. Suppose also that $\mu_n$, the distributions of ...
2
votes
0answers
179 views

Is this limit of a sequence of sets correct? [closed]

The following calculation of a limit of a sequence of sets according to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limit_superior_and_limit_inferior has been claimed to be wrong in MSE ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Large deviation for Brownian path on $[0,\infty)$

It seems strange to me that all we can find about Schilder's theorem in the literature is on a finite interval of Brownian path. If we equip the space of continuous function starting from $0$, ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Rate of convergence of ergodic averages related to irrational rotation

Let $\alpha$ be an irrational number, consider the basic dynamical system $T^{n}(0) = \{n \alpha\}$ where $\{.\}$ denotes the fractional part. Let $a < b$ be two numbers in $[0, 1]$. Then by ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Optimal condition for the weak convergence of the jacobian determinant

Whenever $n<q,$ it is known that given a sequence $\{ u_{k} \}$ which is weakly convergent in $W^{1,q}(U)$ one has that the Jacobian determinants $\text{det} Du_{k}$ converge weakly in ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

Special filters in the algebra of regular open sets of a topological space

Let $\mathrm{r}\mathscr{O}$ be the family of open domains (regular open sets) of a topological space $\langle X,\mathscr{O}\rangle$, that is: $$A\in\mathrm{r}\mathscr{O}\iff ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Is there a way to find $\limsup$ and $\liminf$ for ergodic processes almost surely?

Let $\{X_k\}$ be an ergodic process. I know that if $f$ is a smooth real valued function then by Birkoff's ergodic theorem, $$\lim_{n\to \infty}\frac{1}{n}\sum_{k=1}^n f(X_k)=\mathbb{E}(f(X_1))\ ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Convergence rate of Pearson correlation matrix

I am interested in (rather sharp if not the finest) tail/concentration bounds for the Pearson correlation matrix: let $X_1,\ldots,X_N \sim \mathcal{N}(0,1)$ be correlated random variables; let ...
25
votes
5answers
964 views

How many rearrangements must fail to alter the value of a sum before you conclude that none do?

This will not be altogether unrelated to this earlier question. For which classes $C$ of bijections from $\{1,2,3,\ldots\}$ to itself is it the case that for all sequences $\{a_i\}_{i=1}^\infty$ of ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Limit of largest eigenvalue [closed]

For positive definite matrix, if we increase the dimension to the infinity, is it true that the largest eigenvalue stays bounded from above? In other words does the following limit exists: ...
4
votes
0answers
79 views

Convergence of a particular double sum [closed]

Consider the following double sum: $$Q(n)=\frac{1}{n^2}\sum_{i=1}^{n}\sum_{j=1}^{n}\left [ \partial _{ij}lnf\left ( x \right ) \right ]^2$$ where $\partial_{ij}$ is the partial second order ...
-1
votes
1answer
243 views

Are limits decidable? Should definitions be decidable? [closed]

This question is about the Turing computability of the $\epsilon-N$ definition of a limit of an infinite sequence $S$. First, a proposition: There cannot exist a Turing Machine $M$ which, given a ...
18
votes
1answer
461 views

Rearrangements that never change the value of a sum

I posted this question on math.stackexchange.com and so far the only answer posted (also mentioned in the comments under the question) shows that one of my rash initial guesses about the bottom-line ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

Swapping sums and integration for a kernel in Fourier space (the non absolutely convergent case)

Under what conditions on $c_{r}^{m}$ does $$\int_0^{2\pi} k(p,q)\exp(-inq)dq=\sum_{r=0}^{\infty}c_{r}^{m}\exp\left(-imp\right) \text{ in } L^2_{per}$$ hold for ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a $q$-L'Hospital's Rule?

Let $\binom{n}{j}_q$ be a $q$-binomial coefficient and $(x;q)_n = (1-x)(1-qx)\cdots(1-q^{n-1}x).$ Consider the sum $$f(n,m,r,k)= \sum\limits_{j = 0}^{2n} {( - 1)}^{ j}q^{mj^2+rj} ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Decomposition of the space according to the Ergodic Theorem

Given a space $(X, T)$, it is well known that for every $T$-invariant ergodic measure $\mu$, there exists a set $E_\mu$ of $\mu$-measure $1$ s.t. for every "nice" function $f$ $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

Entropy, convergence and invariant measures

Could you give conditions that a sequence of shift invariant measures $\eta_{n}$ has to satisfy in order to happen this convergence in terms of entropies $h(\eta_{n})$: $h(\eta_{n}) \rightarrow ...
6
votes
3answers
325 views

Natural topologies for the space of rational functions

I am looking for natural families of Hausdorff topologies (metrics, norms, if possible) for the space of rational functions of a single complex variable of arbitrary, unbounded denominator degree ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Convergence of the solution of Volterra integral equation with convergent kernel (reposted, need help!)

Consider the following Volterra integral equation $g(t)=∫_0^tK_n(t,s)w_n(s)ds$ where $g(t)$ and $K_n(t,s)$ are continuous and $K_n(t,s)≥K_{n+1}(t,s)$ for all $t,s$. Moreover, $K_n(t,s)$ converges to ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Bound on $g(n+1)/g(n)$ for Landau's function

I have read that for the Landau function $g(n)$ (http://mathworld.wolfram.com/LandausFunction.html), one knows that $\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} g(n+1)/g(n) = 1$ (stated, but not proved in "On ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Convergence of weighted double sum of random variables

I'm looking for convergence results of particular weighted sum: $$S_n=\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^{n}\sum_{j=1}^{n}a_{i,j}X_i X_j.$$ when random variables $X_i$ ar i.i.d. Are there any investigation ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Does strong convergence in $W_p^1$ imply strong convergence of derivatives of absolute values in $L_p$?

Let $G$ be a Lipshitz domain and $u_n \to u$ in $W_p^1(G)$. Is it correct, that $\frac{\partial |u_n|}{\partial x_m} \to \frac{\partial |u|}{\partial x_m}$ in $L_p(G)$? I know, that $\frac{\partial ...
6
votes
2answers
272 views

Convergence of Fixed-Point Iteration of a dependent map

Suppose that we have two mappings $T_1(\cdot): Y \mapsto Y$ and $T_2(\cdot,\cdot) : X \times Y \mapsto X$ where both $X$ and $Y$ are compact and convex subsets of the same Euclidean space. Furthermore ...