For questions on limits and colimts in the sense of category theory, and related notions.

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9
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0answers
83 views

How “nondegenerate” are amalgamated free products of C*-algebras?

In the following, I assume all algebras are unital. Let $A$ and $B$ be C*-algebras that each contain (isomorphic copies of) a common C*-subalgebra $C$. Let $A *_C B$ denote the amalgamated free ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

colimits in Cat via coproducts and coequalizers

I am attempting to do a calculation of a colimit in $Cat$, the category of small categories. To this end, people have suggested that I do this by calculating coproducts and using coequalizers. I ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

What do you get when you apply a universal cocone to a colimit functor

Any colimit can be represented as a functor $F$ left adjoint to a particular diagonal functor $\Delta: C \rightarrow C^J$. The unit of this adjunction is the natural transformation $\eta_K: K ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

What is an example of a colimit-dense generator which is not dense?

An object $G$ of a category $\mathcal{C}$ is a dense generator if every object $X$ is the colimit of the canonical diagram of copies of $G$ mapping to $X$. (This canonical diagram is indexed by the ...
-1
votes
1answer
268 views

Representable functors and direct limits

Let $\mathcal{F}:\mathrm{Sch}/S \to \{\mathrm{Sets}\}$ be a representable functor. Denote by $X$ the scheme representing $\mathcal{F}$. The question is whether the natural tranformation ...
2
votes
0answers
126 views

Universal property of limits of invertible sheaves

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring, $m$ the maximal ideal and $f:X \to \mathrm{Spec}(R)$ be a flat, proper morphism of relative dimension $1$. Assume further that $X$ is regular. For any $n>0$, ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

Inverse limits of schemes and open subsets

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring, $\{A_i\}_{i \in I}$ be a direct system of $R$-algebras and $A$ the limit of the system. Let $X$ be a noetherian projective scheme over $\mathrm{Spec}(R)$. ...
4
votes
0answers
189 views

Chow group over function field and algebraic equivalence

It is known that for smooth projective varieties $X,Y$ over $k=\bar k,$ $$CH^d(X_{k(Y)})=\varinjlim_{U\subset Y\ open}CH^d(X\times_k U)$$ I was wondering whether there was such an equality with ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Relation between dual of nuclear space $(\substack{\text{lim} \\ \leftarrow i} H_i)'$ and $\substack{\text{colim} \\ i \rightarrow } H_i$

Let $\substack{\text{lim} \\ \leftarrow i} H_i$ be a nuclear space, considered as the limit of the codirected diagram $$... \to H_2 \to H_1 \to H_0,$$ with $f_{ji}:H_i \to H_j$ being the trace class ...
1
vote
0answers
110 views

How does one compute a colimit of monoidal categories?

The question is in the title. I'm also happy to get answers about (your favorite adjective) monoidal categories. Here's a guess: In order to compute a colimit of monoids we can push everything down ...
4
votes
1answer
555 views

Direct limit of compact topological spaces

Let $\{X_n\}_{n\in \mathbb{N}}$ be a direct system of compact topological spaces, meaning that we have morphisms $f_i\colon X_i \to X_{i+1}$ with the necessary compatibility conditions. Is there any ...
5
votes
0answers
257 views

Is it possible to assume that an étale neighborhood is connected?

I am new to étale topology (though I've seen Grothendieck's sites before). Let $S:=\mathcal{O}^\textrm{sh}_{X,x}$ be the strict local ring of a point $x$ of a scheme $X=\operatorname{Spec}R$ (over a ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Groups arising as direct limits of a stationary system of primitive matrices over the integers

I am interested in the kinds of groups of the form $\displaystyle\lim_{\longrightarrow}(\mathbf{Z}^k,M)$ where $M$ is a primitive (some power of $M$ has strictly positive components) $k\times k$ ...
5
votes
0answers
98 views

Contractibility of a poset-indexed colimit

Let $(X,\leq)$ be a poset with distinguished element $p$, and let $P'$ be the poset of "finite chains which weakly descend to $p$" given by all $\sigma = (x_0 \geq x_1 \geq \cdots \geq x_k \geq p)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

Pre-Order induced by continuous functions

I'm an newbie in category theory, but I want use it to solve a pre-order question I encountered in my research: Let $X$ be a convex&compact subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$. $f,g: X \rightarrow [0,1]$ ...
4
votes
2answers
262 views

Canonical presentation of pro-modules over pro-rings

Let $A = (\dotsc \twoheadrightarrow A_2 \twoheadrightarrow A_1 \twoheadrightarrow A_0)$ be a (commutative) pro-ring with surjective transition maps. Consider the category $\mathcal{M} := \varprojlim_i ...
10
votes
1answer
384 views

Do direct limits (filtered colimits) commute with pullbacks, in C*-algebras?

I asked this question already on math.stackexchange, but maybe it is also useful to ask this here, since it was not answered there. Suppose we have three directed sequences of $C^*$-algebras, say ...
5
votes
3answers
392 views

Maximum cardinality of a filtered limit of finite sets

Let $(I,<)$ be a directed, partially ordered set. Consider an inverse system $(S_i)_{i \in I}$ of finite sets, i. e. a functor $S:I^{op}\to \mathbf{FinSet}$. What is the maximum possible ...
3
votes
0answers
144 views

Which reflexive coequalizer diagrams are projectively cofibrant?

Consider the walking reflexive pair category W, which consists of two objects 0 and 1 and three generating morphisms f: 0→1, g: 0→1, and h: 1→0 satisfying the relation fh=gh=id₁. Consider the ...
0
votes
1answer
163 views

Direct limit of primitive integral matrices

I'm interested in computing the direct limit of an arbitrary $2\times 2$ primitive matrix over $\mathbf{Z}$. That is for a fixed primitive matrix $M$, the colimit ...
1
vote
0answers
138 views

Continuity of Kan extension along the Yoneda embedding

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category and $h_-: \mathcal{C} \to \mathrm{Set}^{\mathcal{C}^{op}}$ be the Yoneda embedding. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a cocomplete category and $F: \mathcal{C} \to \mathcal{A}$ a ...
6
votes
2answers
367 views

Unexpected interaction between limits and colimits

Let $D$ be a limit-complete category. My vague question is: given two diagrams in $D$, what comparisons between them induce a morphism of their limits? I'm especially interested in the case that the ...
1
vote
4answers
318 views

Homology of infinite intersection

If $X_1\supseteq X_2\supseteq \ldots$ is a sequence of "nice" compact spaces, I would like to know whether the natural map from $H_*(\cap X_i)$ to the inverse limit $\lim \, H_*(X_i)$ is surjective. ...
22
votes
1answer
282 views

Finite limits in the category of smooth manifolds?

The category of smooth manifolds does not have all finite limits. However, it does have some limits: it has finite products, it has splittings of idempotents, and it has certain other limits if we ...
3
votes
0answers
348 views

Homotopy category of groupoids

The nlab Ho(Cat) page says: morphisms in the homotopy category of groupoids $Ho(Gpd)$, have two equivalent description: iso-classes of functors. formally invert equivalence functors (i.e. ...
2
votes
1answer
544 views

What are the uses of Limits and Colimits of Category Theory in every day problems? [closed]

I am interested in knowing how we can use the concepts of Limits and Colimits in modeling problems in every day life? Could anyone provide (Software) engineering examples, perhaps? Or describe ...
4
votes
0answers
177 views

Reference request: colimits of locally presentable categories

Consider the 2-category of locally presentable categories, cocontinuous functors, and natural transformations. I believe that this 2-category is 2-cocomplete in the sense of containing all small ...
7
votes
1answer
308 views

Is there a practical criterion to determine whether the limit of a diagram of real chain complexes is also a homotopy limit?

Consider a diagram D: I→ChR of real connective chain complexes. In the example I have in mind all chain complexes are concentrated in some fixed degree n. There is a canonical map lim D → holim D ...
3
votes
0answers
200 views

Ends and Coends - Analogues for higher arity - Horn Filling

Consider the setting of categories enriched over a suitable monoidal category $\mathbb V$. We define $$\mathrm{Dist}(X,Y):=\mathbb V−\mathrm{Cat}(X^ \mathrm{op}⊗Y,\mathbb V).$$ Recall the definition ...
5
votes
1answer
246 views

Limits in span categories

What are the limits in the span categories? and what is known about them in the literature?
8
votes
1answer
228 views

Explicit description of the oplax limit of a functor to Cat?

The nCatLab Grothendieck construction page gives an explicit description of the oplax colimit of any functor to Cat. Can someone give me a similarly explicit description (the objects and morphisms) ...
3
votes
1answer
255 views

Does Ind-completion commute with finite limits?

The broad and vague question is in the title. The more precise question is: Say $\{\mathcal{C}_i\}$ is a finite diagram of (essentially small) stable $\infty$-categories and exact functors with ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Co-completeness of differential stacks?

I once heard a rumour that various nice categories of stacks were co-complete. Gepner and Henriques, working from the groupoids point of view, give a construction [link] of 2-colimits of topological ...
4
votes
2answers
339 views

grothendieck construction for profunctors

Given categories $X$ and $Y$ and a strong functor $$D:X^{op}\times Y\to Cat$$ we can of course build the oplax colimit $$\mathrm{colim}^{oplax}_{X^{op}\times Y}D$$ via the usual (covariant) ...
1
vote
0answers
135 views

Composition of Cat-valued distributors - compatible with grothendieck construction?

Let $C$ be a category and $F\in[C^{op}, Cat]$ be a strong functor. (1) There are functors $$hom_C(c',c)\times F(c)\to F(c').$$ (2) The grothendieck construction gives a 2-equvalence $$\int_C: ...
2
votes
2answers
297 views

Projective limit construction of a semigroup

Let $\tilde{\mathbb N}$ be the Abelian semigroup (under addition) given by $\mathbb N\cup\{0,\infty\}$, and let $S_n$ be the Abelian monoid $\tilde{\mathbb N}^{2^n}$ under point-wise addition. ...
4
votes
1answer
482 views

Which E_∞-spaces are homotopy colimits of k-truncated E_∞-spaces?

This question is closely related to my previous question about modules over truncated sphere spectra, in particular, it has the same motivation. Recall that every space (or ∞-groupoid) can be ...
5
votes
0answers
399 views

Constructing pointwise Kan extensions as adjoints to some functor

Background I'm working on formalizing some category theory in Coq at https://bitbucket.org/JasonGross/catdb. Currently, I'm in the process of formalizing pointwise Kan extensions. Partly because ...
7
votes
1answer
309 views

Is the evaluation of polynomial functors appropriately continuous?

I'd like a nice proof of the following fact. Let $C$ and $D$ be categories, and let $\mathbf{Cat}/(C\times D)$ be the usual (1-categorical) slice category whose objects are triples $(X,F\colon X\to ...
4
votes
1answer
380 views

When do reflexive coequalizers preserve weak equivalences?

In my work I've run into the following situation. In a model category, I have two reflexive coequalizers $A_i \stackrel{\to}{\to} B_i \to C_i$ and a map of diagrams which is levelwise a weak ...
1
vote
2answers
322 views

Cech cohomology as a colimit over maps to a CW complex

Given a topological space $X$, we consider the following category $\mathsf{CW}_{X\to}$. The objects are finite CW complexes $Y$ equipped with a continuous map $X\to Y$. The morphisms are continuous ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Which limits does group cohomology commute with?

For a discrete group G, if $M$ is a direct/inverse limit of $M_i$, is $H^i(G, M)$ the direct/inverse limit of the $H^i(G, M_i)$? Of course, cohomology commutes with finite direct sums, but how about ...
1
vote
1answer
269 views

Colimit notation

In Wikipedia's article on Kan extensions 1, in the view of Kan extensions as colimits, I am confused about the notation: $(Lan_F X)(b) = \varinjlim_{f:Fa \to b} X(a)$. Wikipedia says that the colimit ...
5
votes
1answer
405 views

The crude monadicity theorem

In order to test the monadicity of a functor, there is a precise monadicity theorem (PM) as well as a crude monadicity theorem (CM), see the nlab. In CM, the forgetful functor should create reflexive ...
1
vote
0answers
428 views

The inductive and projective limits of compact Hausdorff topological groups

Are there conditions known under which the inductive or projective limit of a family of compact Hausdorff topological groups is compact? (For instance, such a result is valid for the projective limit ...
5
votes
2answers
179 views

Local finality condition (for re-indexing parameterized colimits)

I'm in need of a condition that is analogous to the "finality" condition in the following lemma: Lemma: A functor $F\colon A\to B$ is final if and only if for any functor $x\colon B\to Set$, the ...
7
votes
1answer
551 views

Adjoint Functors as Initial Objects of Some Category

Just as universal arrows can be characterized as initial objects of some appropriate comma category, and (co)limits can be characterized as (initial) terminal objects of the appropriate (co)cone ...
10
votes
2answers
516 views

Fubini theorem for hocolim.

I wanted to ask the following question, Suppose $\mathbf{M}$ a cof generated model category and $I,~J$ two small categories. Suppose that $F:J\rightarrow \mathbf{M}^{\mathrm{I}}$ is a functor. Is it ...
3
votes
0answers
171 views

Inverse limit of graded rings

Let $(I,\le)$ be a directed set and let $(\rho^{\beta\alpha}: R^\beta \to R^\alpha)_{\alpha \le \beta}$ be an $I$-directed system of $\mathbb{Z}$-graded rings whose multiplication is denoted by ...
0
votes
0answers
194 views

how many ways can an algebra be a weighted colimit of free algebras?

For a given weight $W : \mathcal{S}^{op} \to \mathcal{V}$ and diagram $D : \mathcal{S} \to \mathcal{A}$, the weighted colimit is an object $W \cdot D$ together with an isomorphism $$\mathcal{A}(W\cdot ...