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### Vector fields whose divergence are proper maps

Let $X$ be a polynomial vector field of degree $2$ on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Does there exist a nonvanishing smooth function $g$ such that $Div(gX)$ is a proper map?Or at least the zero locus of ...

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### Lifting a quadratic system to a non vanishing vector field on $S^{3}$ or $T^{1} S^{2}$

Let $P:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration. For a vector field $X$ on $S^{2}$ there is a non vanishing vector field $\tilde{X}$ on $S^{3}$ such that $DP(\tilde{X})=X$. It is constructed in ...

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### Limit cycles as closed geodesics(geodesible flow)

The classical Van der Pol equation is the following vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$:
\begin{equation}\cases{\dot{x}=y-(x^{3}-x)\\ \dot{y}=-x}\end{equation}
This equation defines a foliation on ...

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### Analytic vector fields on surfaces which have infinite number of singularities

Let $X$ be an analytic vector field on a compact oriantable surface $S$ with volume form $\omega$. We denote the set of its singularities by $Z(X)$.
A local question
Is there an analytic vector ...

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### A question on “The weakened Hilbert 16th problem”

In this question we are interested in the number of limit cycles which appear in the following perturbational system:
\begin{equation}\cases{
x'=y -x^{2}+\epsilon P(x,y) \\
y'=-x+\epsilon Q(x,y) }
...

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### An algebraic Hamiltonian vector field with a finite number of periodic orbits

Edit: There is an interesting complete answer for the second part(see the answer by Thomas Kragh). I search for an answer for the first part.
1.Is there a polynomial Hamiltonian ...

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### The centralizer of Lienard equation

Consider the lienard vector field $\cases{
x'=y -F(x) \\
y'=-x }
$ in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$, where $F$ is a polynomial fuction with $F(0)=0$. Assume that $Y$ is a smooth vector field globally defined ...

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### limit cycles of dynamical systems

Consider 2d dynamical systems X' = F(X) where X is a 2-vector, and there is an equilibrium point at the origin. Let L be the set of numbers x > 0 such that a limit cycle of the system meets the ...

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### Existence of a vector field with a finite number of limit cycles.

The following question is related to the Seifert conjecture.
Let $M$ be a closed manifold with zero Euler characteristic. Is it true that each homotopy class of nowhere-zero vector fields on $M$ ...