Lie Groups are Groups that are additionally smooth manifolds such that the multiplication and the inverse maps are smooth.

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Euler-Poincare equations with constraints

It is well known that the stationary curves (say $\Xi(t)$) of a regular Lagrangian $\mathcal{L}$ on a compact, semi-simple Lie group $G$ have the property that $\xi(t) = \frac{d \Xi(t)}{dt} ...
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1answer
466 views

Decomposing maximal compact subgroups of SO(n,1)

Let $G=SO(n,1)$ and let $G=KAN$ be an Iwasawa decomposition of $G$. Let $M$ be the centralizer of $A$ in $K$. In this case, we have $K≃SO(n)$, $A≃\Bbb R$(this is the maximal diagonalizable subgroup), ...
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1answer
543 views

Is the Duflo polynomial conjecture open?

Let $G/K$ be a symmetric space. Let $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{k}\oplus\mathfrak{p}$ be a Cartan decomposition, with the odd part $\mathfrak{p}$. It is well known that the algebra of invariant ...
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adjoint representation of 2-Lie groups

Baez and Crans in their paper on Lie 2-algebras refer to adjoint representations of Lie 2-groups but don't say much, as far as I can tell, except to say that such a representation acts on a 2-Lie ...
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158 views

Special linear groups contained in symplectic groups

Let $q$ be a power of prime $p$, and $n, m, k$ positive integers such that $mk=2n$ and $2\leq m<2n$. Let $\mathrm{Sp}(2n,q)$ be the symplectic group of dimension $2n$ over $\mathrm{GF}(q)$ and ...
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Construction of the Lie functor: left vs. right invariant vector fields on Lie groups and Lie groupoids

When constructing the Lie algebra $L(G)$ of a Lie group $G$, one usually uses the identification of the tangent space $T_1 G$ with left invariant vector fields $\mathcal{V}^l(G)$ to construct the Lie ...
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60 views

Reference request: How you can reach any point in the vector space of vector fields generated by Lie brackets

By a Theorem of Chow, you can reach any point in the vector space of vector fields generated by Lie brackets. Do you know any reference for this theorem?
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390 views

How does duality of symmetric spaces explain the hyperbolic cosine theorem?

There is a well-known duality between compact symmetric spaces and symmetric spaces of noncompact type. Basically it goes as follows: If $G/K$ is a symmetric space of noncompact type, $g=k+p$ the ...
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1answer
137 views

Approximating the action of the U(N) exponential map

Let's say that I have a curve in $\mathbb{C}^N$ given by the action of the unitary group: $$x(t) = e^{Ht}x_0,~ H \in \mathfrak{u}(N),~ ||x_0||=1$$ Here, $H$ is an NxN skew-Hermitian matrix (for very ...
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782 views

What is the status of the Friedlander-Milnor conjecture today?

For the purposes of this question, the Friedlander-Milnor (FM) conjecture asserts an equality of the group homology for algebraic groups, and their discretizations in the following sense: Conjecture ...
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144 views

Laplace-Beltrami operator on a Lie group

For an arbitrary Lie group, is it always possible to chose a left-invariant Riemannian metric such that the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ is given by $$\Delta f = \delta^{i j} X_i X_j f$$ for ...
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312 views

Homology of Lie groups

Let $G$ be a Lie group and $G^{\delta}$ the underlying group (with discrete topology). Obviously, we have a continuous map of groups $i:G^{\delta}\rightarrow G$ which induces a map between classifying ...
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1answer
117 views

Compact subgroups of linear groups over nonarchimedean fields

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $K$ a (nonarchimedean) local field, $\overline{K}$ its algebraic closure. Take a compact subgroup $G \leq \text{GL}_n(\overline{K})$. Must there be a finite extension $F$ of ...
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2answers
411 views

Geodesics on $SU(4)$

Are the geodesics of the following metrics on $SU(4)$ known or easy (in a way not known to me!) to find? In the adjoint representation, one can express the Killing form as a matrix and consider it as ...
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Cohomology of Lie groups and Lie algebras

The length of this question has got a little bit out of hand. I apologize. Basically, this is a question about the relationship between the cohomology of Lie groups and Lie algebras, and maybe ...
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2answers
716 views

Torsion for Lie algebras and Lie groups

This question is about the relationship (rather, whether there is or ought to be a relationship) between torsion for the cohomology of certain Lie algebras over the integers, and torsion for ...
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Multiplicative Identity for all elements in SU(n)

Let $\{P_i\}$ be a subset of $SU(n)$ such that for any $U$ in another subset (or perhaps subgroup) $H$ of $SU(n)$: $$P_1UP_2U\cdots P_mU=I$$ where $I$ is the identity element. Is there a sequence ...
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75 views

Isomorphic Dual and Conjugate Representations of a Lie Algebra [migrated]

Let $\frak{g}$ be a complex Lie algebra $\frak{g}$, and $R:\frak{g} \to $End$(V)$, a representation for some finite dimensional complex vector space $V$. As is well-known, we can construct from $R$ ...
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1answer
131 views

Maximal compact subgroups of a semisimple Lie group are conjugate

I'm trying to go through the proof that all maximal compact subgroups of a semisimple Lie group $G$ are conjugate. I know that a possible proof follows the following steps: Take one maximal compact ...
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7 views

How to characterize elements in the Bruhat open cell? [migrated]

This might be an elementary question. For simplicity, let's assume $G=GL(n,F)$, where $F$ is a local field. Let $U$ be the subgroup of upper triangular unipotents, $A$ the subgroup of diagonal ...
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1answer
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$C^\infty$-vectors in general representations of Lie groups on locally convex spaces

This question is related to this one. Let $G$ be a real Lie group (I should emphasize I only care about ordinary Lie groups, not Lie groups modeled on locally convex spaces or anything like that). In ...
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1answer
197 views

labeling state vectors in representation space of a simple lie algebra

Given a simple lie algebra (over ${\mathbb C}$ or ${\mathbb R}$). What is the number of operators such that their eigenvalues sufficiently label all state vectors in the algebra's representation ...
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77 views

$G$-invariant part of products of determinants of minors

Let $G = SL_n$; then for any tuple $\lambda$ such that $\sum \lambda_i = n$, define $f_\lambda(g)$ as the product of the determinants of successive minors of lengths $\lambda_i$ of $g$ (e.g. for ...
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3answers
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nth term in the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula

I am trying to prove a result for which I need the nth term of the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula. I came at this particular result (which is not of significance for the question, but mentioning for ...
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2answers
170 views

Bound on the index of an abelian subgroup in discrete subgroup of the euclidean group?

I asked the following question on math.SE a couple of days ago. Dietrich Burde gave an answer for the case that the subgroup is not only discrete but also acts cocompactly. What about the general ...
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1answer
213 views

Calculation with weights of $E_6$

Question: Consider the complex simple Lie group $E_6$. Let $\lambda_1$ and $\lambda_6$ be the fundamental weights defining the $27$-dimensional representation $V$ and $V^*$, resp. Consider the complex ...
6
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1answer
157 views

Integrals of representations over geodesics

Let $G$ be a compact, connected Lie group and $\rho$ any of its irreducible, unitary representations. If $\gamma:S^1\to G$ is an injective homomorphism (a periodic geodesic passing through the ...
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1answer
283 views

The surjectivity of the exponential map for the isometry group

Little is known on general conditions guaranteeing that the exponential map between a Lie algebra and an associated Lie group is surjective. Let $M$ be a noncompact connected Riemann manifold, and ...
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36 views

Symmetry analysis of differential equations

What is the connected component of the identical transformation in the pseudogroup of local diffeormorphism on the real line? similar question Let $\tilde t=T(t)\quad T_t>0,$ be a local ...
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1answer
137 views

Unipotent conjugacy classes

Consider a connected reductive group G over the complex numbers. Is there a `simple' formula for the number of conjugacy classes of unipotent elements in G?
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83 views

Orbits of an action of maximal compact subgroups of p-adic orthogonal groups

Let $Q$ be a non-degenerate indefinite quadratic form on ${\mathbb R}^n$ and write $G=SO(Q)$ for the associated special orthogonal group. Let $K$ be a maximal compact subgroup of $G$ and consider the ...
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Solving $T^2 = -\kappa\, \mathrm{Tr}\, (\log(e^{i T \hat{H}_0} \hat{O}) )^2$ equation

Is there a way to solve the equation: $T^2 = -\kappa\, \mathrm{Tr}\, (\log(e^{i T \hat{H}_0} \hat{O}) )^2$ for $T$? Here $\kappa$ is an arbitrary positive constant, $\hat{H}_0 \in \mathfrak{su}(N)$ ...
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1answer
272 views

Differences in philosophy between Lie Groups and Differential Galois Theory

As far as I have heard,Sophus Lie's aim was to construct an analogue of galois theory for differential galois theory. I am familiar with lie group but not with differential galois theory. What is the ...
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1answer
115 views

Fibers of the Bott-Samelson Resolution of Schubert Varieties

Is there an explicit (perhaps visual) description of the fibers of the Bott-Samelson Resolutions of Schubert Varieties? Let's fix $G$ to be $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$. Also, how would the answer to the ...
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2answers
215 views

Union of conjugates of a closed subgroup of a compact group

Let $G$ be a compact Hausdorff group, $H \leq G$ a closed subgroup of infinite index in $G$. Is it possible that the conjugates of $H$ cover some open neighbourhood of $1$ in $G$ (or the whole of ...
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1answer
361 views

Connections on a Lie Group

A Lie group $G$ can be considered as a reductive homogeneous space in at least two different ways; $G/\{e\}$ and $G\times G/G^*$. In the first case, the canonical connection associated with the ...
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$G_2$ and Geometry

In a recent question Deane Yang mentioned the beautiful Riemannian geometry that comes up when looking at $G_2$. I am wondering if people could expand on the geometry related to the exceptional Lie ...
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120 views

Cohomology of Bott-Samelson varieties?

How is the cohomology of Bott-Samelson varieties (desingularizations of Schubert Varieties ) usually calculated? Let's fix the Lie group to be $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ or $SL_n(\mathbb{C})$ here. Is there ...
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2answers
93 views

Hermitian Symmetric Subspaces of Siegel Space

Let $\mathbb{H}_g$ denote Siegel space, and $M$ denote an order 4 element of the unitary subgroup $U(n)(\mathbb{R})$with $p$ eigenvalues equal to $i$, and $q$ eigenvalues equal to $-i$, $p+q=g$. ...
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1answer
152 views

Compact Lie groups with only 3 dimensional cohomology generators

Let $M$ be a compact connected semi-simple Lie group. Then by Hopf's Theorem $H^*(M;\mathbb Q)=\Lambda[\omega_1,...,\omega_s]$ where $\omega_i\in H^i(M;\mathbb Q)$ , $i\ge 3$ is odd. For which $M$, ...
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1answer
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Lie group GL(4) representation decomposition

Let $V$ be the defining representation of $GL(4,\mathbb C)\to GL(V)$ with $V=\mathbb{C}^4$. Let $Ext\;V$ be the exterior square of $V$ which is a 6-dim repsentation. My question: How does $$V\otimes ...
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3answers
222 views

Is the group of isometries of a homogeneous Riemannian manifold maximal?

I have a homogeneous Riemannian manifold X with isometry group Iso. Is Iso a maximal group? By maximal group, I mean that there does not exist another group G such that: Iso is a proper subgroup of ...
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1answer
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A Non-homogeneous, Linear (Matrix) System of ODEs: What's Known About it? [closed]

Consider the following system of ODEs $$ Y^{'}(t) = - \left[ A Y(t) + Y(t) A \right] + B(t) , $$ where $Y(t)$,$A$,$B(t)$ are all matrices, with the properties $A=A^T$, $Y=Y^T$. $Y(t)$ is the matrix ...
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Local maxima and minima of the trace of a product of $SL_2^\pm(\mathbb{R})$-matrices

I am working on a problem relating to Lyapunov exponents of products of random matrices, and this has led me to the following question which I suspect is best approached using techniques outside my ...
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2answers
739 views

Calculate the group cohomology classes $H^d[U(1)\rtimes Z_2, Z]$ and $H^d[U(1)\rtimes Z_2, Z_T]$

I would like to know what are the group cohomology classes $H^d[U(1)\rtimes Z_2, Z]$ and $H^d[U(1)\rtimes Z_2, Z_T]$, and/or how to calculate them. It can be shown that $H^d[U(1), Z]$ is $Z$ for ...
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33 views

Godement-Jacquet and L-functions

Let $M_{r}(F)$ be the matrices with coefficients in a local nonarchimedean field $F$ and $q$ the cardinal of the residue field. We have a Fourier tansform on $M_{r}(F)$ with kernel ...
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Representations of $\mathfrak{so}(3)$ ($\mathfrak{so}(2,1)$) and $SO(3)$ ($SO(2,1)$)

(Apologies if this question is too basic!) I have explicit 5-dimensional real representations of $\mathfrak{so}(3)$ and $\mathfrak{so}(2,1)$, and I want to know whether it's necessarily true that the ...
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Locus maximizing the holomorphic sectional curvature in a non-compact Hermitian symmetric space

Is there a quick way to prove the following statement, if possible without resorting to the classification of simple Lie groups? Let $G$ be a simple Lie group of non-compact Hermitian type of rank ...
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Adjoint action of semi-direct product

Let $G$ and $H$ be Lie groups with associated Lie algebras $\mathfrak{g}:=\text{Lie}(G)$ and $\mathfrak{h}:=\text{Lie}(H)$ and adjoint actions $\text{Ad}^G:G \to \text{Aut}_\text{Lie}(\mathfrak{g})$ ...
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R-linear representations of sl(2,C)

Is there some good reference for the classification of finite-dimensional ${\mathbb R}$-linear (as opposed to ${\mathbb C}$-linear) representations of $\mathfrak{sl}_2{\mathbb C}$? Equivalently, what ...