Lie Groups are Groups that are additionally smooth manifolds such that the multiplication and the inverse maps are smooth.

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First Variation of Dyson Series/Magnus Expansion

Given the matrix differential equation $\frac{dU_t}{dt}=A_t U_t$ there are at least two ways to write a formal solution. Both the Dyson series: $U_t = \mathcal{T} e^{\int_{0}^{t} A_t dt}$ and the ...
42
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2answers
1k views

$H^4(BG,\mathbb Z)$ torsion free for $G$ a connected Lie group

Recently, prompted by considerations in conformal field theory, I was let to guess that for every compact connected Lie group $G$, the fourth cohomology group of it classifying space is torsion free. ...
3
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1answer
126 views

Two matrix Fisher distributions on SO(3)?

After the uniform distribution (normalized Haar measure), the matrix Fisher distribution seems to be the most popular probability distribution on the Lie group SO(3). The density is proportional to ...
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100 views

Is every irreducible unitary class one representation induced?

Let $G$ be a connected semi simple Lie group with finite center. Fix a maximal compact subgroup $K$. An irreducible representation $(\pi,V)$ of $G$ is called a "class-one representation", if it ...
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317 views

Do compact groups acting irreducibly have finite subgroups which do the same?

Let $G$ be a closed subgroup of $U(n,{\bf C})$, not necessarily connected. Regard ${\bf C}^n$ as a complex $G$-module $M$. Q. Suppose $M$ is irreducible as a $G$-module (equivalent, I think, to ...
3
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1answer
143 views

Rational homogenous spaces and symmetric spaces

What are the complex rational homogenous spaces $G/P$ ($G$ a semi-simple complex Lie group, $P$ a parabolic subgroup) such that the set of real points $(G/P)(\mathbb R)$ is a (compact) riemannian ...
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2answers
172 views

reference help indecomposable representations of SL(2,R)

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the Lie algebra $\mathfrak{sl}_2(\mathbb{C})$, $K=SO(2)$ the maximal compact subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$. Then the classification of irreducible admissible ...
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1answer
81 views

equation for geodesics of a right invairant Finsler metric on $SU(n)$ which are parallel to a linear affine distribution

I am looking for an equation analogous to the Euler-Poincare equations for a right invariant Finlser metric except I want the geodesics which are parallel to a linear affine distribution on $SU(n)$. ...
11
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409 views

Who originated the standard symbols for Lie groups GL, SL, SU, etc.?

Who was first to use symbols GL, SL, O, SO, U, SU, Sp and their projective versions, and how did this notation become standard? The notation appears in fairly modern form in Weyl's "The Classical ...
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1answer
51 views

Converting Dirichlet boundary conditions for E-L equations on a Lie group into an equivilent condition for EP equaiton

I need to find a specific geodesic of a right invariant Finsler geodesic on a Lie group ($SU(n)$) that connects $I$ to some desired $O$. These are Dirichlet boundary conditions for the E-L equations ...
5
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3answers
428 views

Characterising the adjoint representation of SU(N)

One can show that the adjoint representation of $\mathrm{SU}(n)$, the image of the map $\mathrm{Ad}:\mathrm{SU}(n) \rightarrow \mathrm{Aut}(\mathrm{su(n)})\subset \mathrm{GL}(\mathrm{su}(n))$, is an ...
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1answer
77 views

Bi-invariant one forms on compact Lie groups

I'm hoping to learn of a criterion for the existence of a bi-invariant one form on a Lie group $G$. I'm looking for a reference that there are no such one forms son $SU(n)$ (as long as this is in fact ...
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0answers
93 views

adjoint representation of 2-Lie groups

Baez and Crans in their paper on Lie 2-algebras refer to adjoint representations of Lie 2-groups but don't say much, as far as I can tell, except to say that such a representation acts on a 2-Lie ...
5
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1answer
183 views

Special linear groups contained in symplectic groups

Let $q$ be a power of prime $p$, and $n, m, k$ positive integers such that $mk=2n$ and $2\leq m<2n$. Let $\mathrm{Sp}(2n,q)$ be the symplectic group of dimension $2n$ over $\mathrm{GF}(q)$ and ...
8
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1answer
228 views

Construction of the Lie functor: left vs. right invariant vector fields on Lie groups and Lie groupoids

When constructing the Lie algebra $L(G)$ of a Lie group $G$, one usually uses the identification of the tangent space $T_1 G$ with left invariant vector fields $\mathcal{V}^l(G)$ to construct the Lie ...
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0answers
68 views

Reference request: How you can reach any point in the vector space of vector fields generated by Lie brackets

By a Theorem of Chow, you can reach any point in the vector space of vector fields generated by Lie brackets. Do you know any reference for this theorem?
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1answer
224 views

Laplace-Beltrami operator on a Lie group

For an arbitrary Lie group, is it always possible to chose a left-invariant Riemannian metric such that the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ is given by $$\Delta f = \delta^{i j} X_i X_j f$$ for ...
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1answer
138 views

Compact subgroups of linear groups over nonarchimedean fields

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $K$ a (nonarchimedean) local field, $\overline{K}$ its algebraic closure. Take a compact subgroup $G \leq \text{GL}_n(\overline{K})$. Must there be a finite extension $F$ of ...
1
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1answer
143 views

Euler-Poincare equations with constraints

It is well known that the stationary curves (say $\Xi(t)$) of a regular Lagrangian $\mathcal{L}$ on a compact, semi-simple Lie group $G$ have the property that $\xi(t) = \frac{d \Xi(t)}{dt} ...
6
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2answers
234 views

Approximating the action of the U(N) exponential map

Let's say that I have a curve in $\mathbb{C}^N$ given by the action of the unitary group: $$x(t) = e^{Ht}x_0,~ H \in \mathfrak{u}(N),~ ||x_0||=1$$ Here, $H$ is an NxN skew-Hermitian matrix (for very ...
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379 views

Homology of Lie groups

Let $G$ be a Lie group and $G^{\delta}$ the underlying group (with discrete topology). Obviously, we have a continuous map of groups $i:G^{\delta}\rightarrow G$ which induces a map between classifying ...
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2answers
465 views

Geodesics on $SU(4)$

Are the geodesics of the following metrics on $SU(4)$ known or easy (in a way not known to me!) to find? In the adjoint representation, one can express the Killing form as a matrix and consider it as ...
11
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2answers
556 views

Multiplicative Identity for all elements in SU(n)

Let $\{P_i\}$ be a subset of $SU(n)$ such that for any $U$ in another subset (or perhaps subgroup) $H$ of $SU(n)$: $$P_1UP_2U\cdots P_mU=I$$ where $I$ is the identity element. Is there a sequence ...
2
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1answer
221 views

Maximal compact subgroups of a semisimple Lie group are conjugate

I'm trying to go through the proof that all maximal compact subgroups of a semisimple Lie group $G$ are conjugate. I know that a possible proof follows the following steps: Take one maximal compact ...
5
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1answer
161 views

$C^\infty$-vectors in general representations of Lie groups on locally convex spaces

This question is related to this one. Let $G$ be a real Lie group (I should emphasize I only care about ordinary Lie groups, not Lie groups modeled on locally convex spaces or anything like that). In ...
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86 views

$G$-invariant part of products of determinants of minors

Let $G = SL_n$; then for any tuple $\lambda$ such that $\sum \lambda_i = n$, define $f_\lambda(g)$ as the product of the determinants of successive minors of lengths $\lambda_i$ of $g$ (e.g. for ...
7
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3answers
798 views

nth term in the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula

I am trying to prove a result for which I need the nth term of the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula. I came at this particular result (which is not of significance for the question, but mentioning for ...
2
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2answers
194 views

Bound on the index of an abelian subgroup in discrete subgroup of the euclidean group?

I asked the following question on math.SE a couple of days ago. Dietrich Burde gave an answer for the case that the subgroup is not only discrete but also acts cocompactly. What about the general ...
8
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2answers
290 views

Integrals of representations over geodesics

Let $G$ be a compact, connected Lie group and $\rho$ any of its irreducible, unitary representations. If $\gamma:S^1\to G$ is an injective homomorphism (a periodic geodesic passing through the ...
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1answer
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Is the Duflo polynomial conjecture open?

Let $G/K$ be a symmetric space. Let $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{k}\oplus\mathfrak{p}$ be a Cartan decomposition, with the odd part $\mathfrak{p}$. It is well known that the algebra of invariant ...
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39 views

Symmetry analysis of differential equations

What is the connected component of the identical transformation in the pseudogroup of local diffeormorphism on the real line? similar question Let $\tilde t=T(t)\quad T_t>0,$ be a local ...
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1answer
159 views

Unipotent conjugacy classes

Consider a connected reductive group G over the complex numbers. Is there a `simple' formula for the number of conjugacy classes of unipotent elements in G?
5
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1answer
356 views

The surjectivity of the exponential map for the isometry group

Little is known on general conditions guaranteeing that the exponential map between a Lie algebra and an associated Lie group is surjective. Let $M$ be a noncompact connected Riemann manifold, and ...
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1answer
178 views

Orbits of an action of maximal compact subgroups of p-adic orthogonal groups

Let $Q$ be a non-degenerate indefinite quadratic form on ${\mathbb R}^n$ and write $G=SO(Q)$ for the associated special orthogonal group. Let $K$ be a maximal compact subgroup of $G$ and consider the ...
4
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1answer
236 views

Calculation with weights of $E_6$

Question: Consider the complex simple Lie group $E_6$. Let $\lambda_1$ and $\lambda_6$ be the fundamental weights defining the $27$-dimensional representation $V$ and $V^*$, resp. Consider the complex ...
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1answer
440 views

Differences in philosophy between Lie Groups and Differential Galois Theory

As far as I have heard,Sophus Lie's aim was to construct an analogue of galois theory for differential galois theory. I am familiar with lie group but not with differential galois theory. What is the ...
2
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1answer
162 views

Fibers of the Bott-Samelson Resolution of Schubert Varieties

Is there an explicit (perhaps visual) description of the fibers of the Bott-Samelson Resolutions of Schubert Varieties? Let's fix $G$ to be $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$. Also, how would the answer to the ...
6
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2answers
228 views

Union of conjugates of a closed subgroup of a compact group

Let $G$ be a compact Hausdorff group, $H \leq G$ a closed subgroup of infinite index in $G$. Is it possible that the conjugates of $H$ cover some open neighbourhood of $1$ in $G$ (or the whole of ...
4
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164 views

Cohomology of Bott-Samelson varieties?

How is the cohomology of Bott-Samelson varieties (desingularizations of Schubert Varieties ) usually calculated? Let's fix the Lie group to be $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ or $SL_n(\mathbb{C})$ here. Is there ...
4
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2answers
123 views

Hermitian Symmetric Subspaces of Siegel Space

Let $\mathbb{H}_g$ denote Siegel space, and $M$ denote an order 4 element of the unitary subgroup $U(n)(\mathbb{R})$with $p$ eigenvalues equal to $i$, and $q$ eigenvalues equal to $-i$, $p+q=g$. ...
3
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1answer
177 views

Lie group GL(4) representation decomposition

Let $V$ be the defining representation of $GL(4,\mathbb C)\to GL(V)$ with $V=\mathbb{C}^4$. Let $Ext\;V$ be the exterior square of $V$ which is a 6-dim repsentation. My question: How does $$V\otimes ...
4
votes
3answers
271 views

Is the group of isometries of a homogeneous Riemannian manifold maximal?

I have a homogeneous Riemannian manifold X with isometry group Iso. Is Iso a maximal group? By maximal group, I mean that there does not exist another group G such that: Iso is a proper subgroup of ...
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1answer
92 views

A Non-homogeneous, Linear (Matrix) System of ODEs: What's Known About it? [closed]

Consider the following system of ODEs $$ Y^{'}(t) = - \left[ A Y(t) + Y(t) A \right] + B(t) , $$ where $Y(t)$,$A$,$B(t)$ are all matrices, with the properties $A=A^T$, $Y=Y^T$. $Y(t)$ is the matrix ...
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1answer
173 views

Compact Lie groups with only 3 dimensional cohomology generators

Let $M$ be a compact connected semi-simple Lie group. Then by Hopf's Theorem $H^*(M;\mathbb Q)=\Lambda[\omega_1,...,\omega_s]$ where $\omega_i\in H^i(M;\mathbb Q)$ , $i\ge 3$ is odd. For which $M$, ...
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58 views

Godement-Jacquet and L-functions

Let $M_{r}(F)$ be the matrices with coefficients in a local nonarchimedean field $F$ and $q$ the cardinal of the residue field. We have a Fourier tansform on $M_{r}(F)$ with kernel ...
5
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2answers
198 views

Local maxima and minima of the trace of a product of $SL_2^\pm(\mathbb{R})$-matrices

I am working on a problem relating to Lyapunov exponents of products of random matrices, and this has led me to the following question which I suspect is best approached using techniques outside my ...
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86 views

Representations of $\mathfrak{so}(3)$ ($\mathfrak{so}(2,1)$) and $SO(3)$ ($SO(2,1)$)

(Apologies if this question is too basic!) I have explicit 5-dimensional real representations of $\mathfrak{so}(3)$ and $\mathfrak{so}(2,1)$, and I want to know whether it's necessarily true that the ...
2
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0answers
49 views

Locus maximizing the holomorphic sectional curvature in a non-compact Hermitian symmetric space

Is there a quick way to prove the following statement, if possible without resorting to the classification of simple Lie groups? Let $G$ be a simple Lie group of non-compact Hermitian type of rank ...
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72 views

Adjoint action of semi-direct product

Let $G$ and $H$ be Lie groups with associated Lie algebras $\mathfrak{g}:=\text{Lie}(G)$ and $\mathfrak{h}:=\text{Lie}(H)$ and adjoint actions $\text{Ad}^G:G \to \text{Aut}_\text{Lie}(\mathfrak{g})$ ...
2
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1answer
198 views

R-linear representations of sl(2,C)

Is there some good reference for the classification of finite-dimensional ${\mathbb R}$-linear (as opposed to ${\mathbb C}$-linear) representations of $\mathfrak{sl}_2{\mathbb C}$? Equivalently, what ...