Lie Groups are Groups that are additionally smooth manifolds such that the multiplication and the inverse maps are smooth.

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26
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1answer
526 views

Why do the adjoint representations of three exceptional groups have the same first eight moments?

For a representation of a compact Lie group, the $n$th moment of the trace of that representation against the Haar measure is the dimension of the invariant subspace of the $n$th tensor power. The ...
5
votes
1answer
256 views

If $G$ is absolutely simple simply connected, why is G(F_v) quasisimple for almost every valuation v?

Let $G$ be an absolutely simple simply connected and connected algebraic group defined over a global field $k$ with ring of integers $\mathcal{O}$. Fix an embedding of $G$ into $GL_n$. Given $v$ a non-...
11
votes
3answers
396 views

$A_{\infty}$-structure on closed manifold

Is there an exmaple of a closed smooth connected manifold $M$ having a structure of $A_{\infty}$-space (with unit) but $M$ is not homeomorphic to a compact connectd Lie group as space ? Edit: First, ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

Roots of matrices in $G_2(Z)$

Let $G_2$ denote the exceptional Lie group $G_2$ as a $\mathbb{Q}$-algebraic group. Suppose that is also given a matrix representation $\rho : G_2\rightarrow SO(7)$. Let $M$ be a matrix with integral ...
6
votes
3answers
303 views

Simple lie algebras, (almost-)simple groups of Lie type

Take an algebraic group $G$ defined over a finite field $K$. Suppose its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ is simple. It should follow that $G$ is almost-simple. (By this I mean not that $G(K)$ is simple -- ...
4
votes
0answers
171 views

Compactly supported distributions as a projective G-module

For a Lie group $G$ and a locally convex space $V$ let $\mathcal{E}(G,V)$ be the locally convex space of smooth functions from $G$ to $V$, and accordingly $\mathcal{E}_c^\prime(G,V)$ the space of ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Points with finite stabilizer in Hamiltonian torus actions

Atiyah-Guillemin-Sternberg theorem asserts that the image of the moment map $\mu$ for a Hamiltonian $(S^1)^m$-action on a smooth compact symplectic manifold $(M^{2n},\omega)$ is a convex polytope of $\...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Uniform lattice in semidirect product

A uniform lattice in a locally compact group $G$ is a discrete subgroup $\Gamma\subset G$ such that $G/\Gamma$ is compact. My question is whether a uniform lattice exists in the group $$ G={\mathbb R}^...
2
votes
0answers
136 views

Lie Algebra of Aut(GL(n,R))

What is the Lie Algebra of $Aut(Gl(n,F))$ when $F$ is either $\mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{C}$? Is it enough to consider the injection via Hochschild: $Aut(GL(n)) \to Aut(\mathfrak{gl}(n))$? Edit: The ...
2
votes
0answers
149 views

Exponential analogue of formal connections

Let $F=\mathbb{C}((t))$. Let $G=GL_n$. Then $G(F)$ acts on $\mathfrak{g}(F)$ by gauge transformation: $$ g.x:=gxg^{-1} + \dot{g}g^{-1},\quad \quad g\in G(F), \quad x\in \mathfrak{g}(F). $$ Here, $\...
1
vote
2answers
138 views

Four Sphere Fibrations

Does there exist a manifold $M$ and a compact Lie group $H$ such that we have a fibration $H \to S^4 \to M$, where $S^4$ is the four sphere?
2
votes
0answers
143 views

Deligne-Simpson problem for classical groups

Additive Deligne-Simpson problem was partially prooved by Kostov. Also there is Crawley-Boevey's approach to the question. The problem is about existence of a solution of the equation $$ A_1 +...+A_n =...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Set of Special Unitary Matrices that are dense in SU(4) and obey certain relations

I'm trying to find a finite set of 4x4 Unitary matricies $\{U_1,U_2,\ldots U_N\}$ such that the matrices are dense in SU(4), and obey the relations: $[U_i, U_j] = 0$ for $|i-j|>1$ $U_iU_{i+1}U_i=...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Lie Symmetries of the Bessel Differential Equation

The Bessel differential equation has an arbitrary looking form, but a lot is known about it. $$ x^2 \frac{d^2 y}{dx^2} + x \frac{dy}{dx} + (x^2 - n^2)y = 0 $$ Is there a way to derive the Bessel ...
4
votes
2answers
278 views

odd length Chevalley relations (in rank two)

The unipotent radicals $\text{N}$ of the Borel subgroups of the complex algebraic groups of type $A_2$, $B_2$, and $G_2$ can each be abstractly presented using two one-parameter subgroups $x_1, x_2: \...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Generalized Gaussian Decomposition

Let $G$ be a connected complex semisimple Lie group. Let $H$ be a maximal torus of $G$, let $W$ be the Weyl group of $G$, and let $N_\pm$ be a pair of opposite maximal unipotent subgroups. For each ...
4
votes
0answers
158 views

Representation theory and associated bundles

I am looking for a text or set of notes that discusses the relationship between the representation theory of Lie groups and associated vector bundles, preferably using modern categorical language. For ...
8
votes
1answer
334 views

Intuition for the Cartan connection and “rolling without slipping” in Cartan geometry

Consider a Cartan geometry $\pi: \mathcal{G} \to M$ with Cartan connection $\omega$ modelled on the Klein geometry $(G, H)$. The Cartan connection is supposed to formalize what it means to "roll ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Kirillov orbit Method for Complex nilpotent groups

Let $G$ be a nilpotent simply connected real Lie group. From the classical work of Kirillov, it is well-known that the irreducible unitary representations of $G$ are in a canonical bijective ...
6
votes
0answers
94 views

Samelson Products in $SO(n)$

Given a topological group $G$ one forms the commutator $c\colon G\times G\rightarrow G$, $(x,y)\mapsto xyx^{-1}y^{-1}$. This map then factors through the smash $G\wedge G$. This map is the most ...
17
votes
2answers
654 views

Solving equations in SO(3) : an open problem by Jan Mycielski

I am interested in a problem closely related to a problem stated by Jan Mycielski in his paper Can One Solve Equations in Group? (The American Mathematical Monthly, 1977, http://www.jstor.org/stable/...
20
votes
4answers
918 views

Technical issue in the approach to Lie groups taken in a book

I'm teaching Lie groups and Lie Algebras out of Brian C. Hall's book (Lie Groups, Lie Algebras, and Representations: An Elementary Introduction, Springer), which I've enjoyed using. I'm confused about ...
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Totally geodesic subgroups in Lie groups

Let $G$ be a Lie group with a left invariant metric $g$. Let $H$ be a (closed) Lie subgroup of $G$, and assume $g$ is right-$H$-invariant. (That is $d(R_h)_e:T_eG \to T_hG$ is an isometry for every $...
9
votes
3answers
276 views

Construct discrete series of SL(2,R) as kernel of twisted Dirac operators

I’m studying the paper of (Baum-Connes-Higson, ex 4.25), and I would like to give an explicit computation for the Connes-Kasparov conjecture for SL(2,R). The idea is that each non-trivial ...
6
votes
0answers
140 views

An analogue of Deligne--Lusztig theory for real groups?

I am considering the following analogue of Deligne--Lusztig theory: Take e.g. $G=GL_n(\mathbb{C})$, and let $F$ be the complex conjugate, then we have $G^F=GL_n(\mathbb{R})$. Consider the ``Lang map''...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

Lie functor preserves “surjections” in synthetic differential geometry?

In classical finite-dimensional differential geometry, the Lie functor preserves surjections, sending a surjective Lie group homomorphism to a surjective Lie algebra homomorphism. As pointed out ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Weingarten function for unitary group

Studying integration over unitary group I came across this function, the Weingarten function Wg, such that $$ \int_{\mathcal{U}(N)} \prod_{k=1}^{n} U_{i_kj_k} U^*_{m_k r_k} dU=\sum_{\tau,\sigma\in S_n}...
8
votes
2answers
227 views

Quasi-isometric rigidity of Nil

Let $Nil$ be the unique simply connected non-abelian three-dimensional nilpotent Lie group, i.e. the group of upper triangular matrices with all the eigenvalues equal to 1 (this group is also known as ...
8
votes
2answers
528 views

Interpret Fourier transform as limit of Fourier series

Let $V=\mathbb{R}^n$, $\Lambda_r=2\pi r \mathbb{Z}^n \subset V (r>0)$ a lattice; $V^*\cong\mathbb{R}^n$ the dual vector space of $V$, and $\Lambda_r^*=\frac{1}{2\pi r} \mathbb{Z}^n =\text{Hom}(\...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Maximal split torus of universal chevalley group

Let $G$ be simply connected chevalley group over a field $K$. I am following the notations as in 'Lectures on Chevalley group' by Steinberg (Yale lectures). Let $H$ be the subgroup generated by $\{h_{\...
10
votes
2answers
238 views

Can one describe the multiplication of two Bruhat cells?

For $G$ a simple linear algebraic group and $B$ a fixed Borel subgroup, we have the Bruhat decomposition $G = \coprod_{w \in W} B\dot{w}B$, where $W$ is the Weyl group and $\dot{w}$ is any ...
5
votes
1answer
163 views

The action of $GL_{\infty}$ on the infinite wedge space

This is a question from the book "Highest weight representations of infinite dimensional Lie algebras, 2nd ed" by V. G. Kac, A. K. Raina, and N. Rozhkovskaya. Consider the following objects: the ...
16
votes
5answers
556 views

Is there a formula for the Frobenius-Schur indicator of a rep of a Lie group?

Let $G$ be a simple algebraic group group over $\mathbb C$. Let $V$ be a self-dual representation of $G$. Let $\lambda$ be the highest weight of $V$. Write $\lambda$ as a sum of fundamental weights: $...
4
votes
0answers
123 views

When can a locally compact group be approximated by discrete subgroups?

This question is about partitioning a (locally) compact group into cells by using discrete subgroups. Let $G$ be a locally compact group. (I am really most interested in the case where $G$ is a ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Are singular critical points isolated for control systems on compact semisimple Lie groups

Given a control system on $\mathrm{SU}(n)$ (or any other compact, semi-simple Lie group I suspect) of the form: $\frac{d U_t}{dt} = (A + w(t)B)U_t$ where $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$ generate the ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Characterization of $L^1(\text{SL}(3,\mathbb{R}))$ [closed]

Is there a characterisation of the integrable functions on SL($3,\mathbb{R}$) or an explicit expression for the Haar measure?
2
votes
0answers
167 views

Manifolds as simultaneous coset spaces

Let $X$ and $Y$ be real manifolds. Under what conditions is there a Lie group $G$ with transitive actions on $X$ and $Y$ such that the stabiliser of a point in $X$ is a subgroup of the stabiliser of ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

G-invariant functions on manifold for G compact

In a paper I saw the following statement: Let $M$ be a connected symplectic manifold and $G$ be a compact Liegroup acting symplectically and hamiltonian on $M$. Let $\Phi \colon M \to \mathfrak{g^*}$ ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

Commutator 2-forms on Lie groups

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $\mathfrak g$ its Lie algebra. For any $f$ in the dual space $\mathfrak g^*$, we can define a skew-symmetric bi-linear form on $\mathfrak g$ by $(A,B)\mapsto f([A,B])...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Concept of Facets in the structure of reductive algebraic groups

Where can I find a precise definition of Facet ? In some online notes it is stated that Facet is a maximal subset of co-characters having the same sign for every root. But shouldn't then every facet ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

$E \times_H \mathbb{R}^n$ is isomorphic to the total space of the tautological bundle $\gamma^n$ over $G_n(\mathbb{R}^{n+k})$?

Let $H$ be the subgroup of $\text{GL}(n + k, \mathbb{R})$ consisting of matrices whose lower $n \times k$ block is empty; i.e. consisting of matrices of the form$$\begin{pmatrix} A & * \\ 0 & ...
7
votes
1answer
105 views

$\text{GL}(n + k, \mathbb{R})$ is a principal $H$ bundle over the Grassmann manifold $G_n(\mathbb{R}^{n+k})$?

Let $H$ be the subgroup of $\text{GL}(n + k, \mathbb{R})$ consisting of matrices whose lower $n \times k$ block is empty; i.e. consisting of matrices of the form$$\begin{pmatrix} A & * \\ 0 & ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Abelian isometry groups of codimension one

Good day. Let (M,g) be an n-dimensional Riemannian manifold (complete, if you wish), and suppose that there exists an n-1 dimensional Abelian group acting by isometries on M. Or locally, near a point ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Rigidity of lower-dimensional lattices in Euclidean groups

Informal intro / motivation: Suppose I have an infinite set of atoms arranged in a 2D periodic crystalline "sheet". By crystalline I simply mean that it is preserved by the action of integer linear ...
15
votes
2answers
472 views

Exotic smooth structures on Lie groups?

If a topological group $G$ is also a topological manifold, it is well-known (Hilbert's 5th Probelm) that there is a unique analytic structure making it a Lie group. However, for a compact Lie group $...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

A particular Lie algebra $L_{n}$ and (various) lie groups whose Lie algebra is isomorphic to $L_{n}$

We define $$L_{n}=\{A=(a_{ij})\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})\mid \sum_{i=1}^{n} a_{ij}=0 \;\;\;\text{for every fixed j}\}$$ This is a Lie subalgebra of $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$. A dynamic-geometric proof for ...
4
votes
0answers
193 views

Lie group structure over diffeomorphisms group

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold. Is it true that for every subgroup $G$ of $diff(M)$ there is at most one Lie group structure on $G$ such that the natural left $G$-action on $M$ is smooth? Edit: by "Lie ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Universal Chevalley group associated to $D_l$

Consider the simple Lie algebra $D_l$. Consider the universal Chevalley group $G$ over a field $K$ associated to it. Then $G$ is a subgroup of the orthogonal group $O_{2l}(K, f)$ where $f$ is the ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Hua Luogeng's definition of automorphism group for Hermitian symmetric space

I'm trying to make sense of a definition appearing in Hua Luogeng's book "Harmonic Analysis of Functions of Several Complex Variables in the Classical Domains". Consider the Hermitian symmetric space ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

A question about the associative classes of parabolic subgroups

Let $\mathbb{A}$ denote the adele group of $\mathbb{Q}$. Suppose that $P_1$ and $P_2$ are parabolic subgroups of a reductive algebraic group $G$, and consider their Langlands decomposition $$ P(\...