# Tagged Questions

**4**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### Writing a complex orthogonal matrix as a conjugation by real orthogonal matrices

Let $Q\in O(n,\mathbb C)$ be a complex orthogonal matrix. I would like to know if $Q$ can always be written as $Q = T^{-1}ST$, where $T\in O(n,\mathbb R)\subset O(n,\mathbb C)$ and $S$ belongs to some ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

299 views

### Do compact groups acting irreducibly have finite subgroups which do the same?

Let $G$ be a closed subgroup of $U(n,{\bf C})$, not necessarily connected. Regard ${\bf C}^n$ as a complex $G$-module $M$.
Q. Suppose $M$ is irreducible as a $G$-module (equivalent, I think, to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Groups of operators between local unitaries and full unitaries

Consider the group $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ of "local unitary" operators acting on the complex space $\mathbb{C}^{d_1} \otimes \mathbb{C}^{d_2}$ (i.e., $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ is the group of unitary ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

211 views

### $SO(N^2-1)$ and the adjoint representation of $SU(N)$

It is a known fact that the adjoint representation of $SU(N)$ is a proper subgroup of $SO(N^2-1)$.
I would like to know how a generic $(N^2-1)\times (N^2-1)$ special ($det =1$), orthogonal matrix $O$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

463 views

### A question on Grassmannian

Let $V$ be the space of $4$ by $4$ Hermitian matrices, that
is a vector space of dimension $16$ over $\mathbb{R}$. Is the uniform
measure of
$$
\left\{ W\in Gr\left(5,V\right):W \text{contains no ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

478 views

### A question on eigenvalues

Let $A_{1}$, $A_{2}$, $A_{3}$, $A_{4}$, $A_{5}$ be linearly independent Hermitian matrices in the the space of $6$ by $6$ Hermitian matrices as a vector space over $\mathbb{R}$. Does there always ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### On matrices conjugated in a faithful representation

Let $k$ an algebraically closed field.
Let $O=k[[\pi]]$ and $F=k((\pi))$ and $G\rightarrow GL_{n}$ a faithful representation of a semisimple group.
Let $A, B\in G(O)\cap G(F)^{rs}$ (rs for regular ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### integral stable conjugacy classes

Let $G$ be a semisimple simply connected group over $k$ algebraically closed field .
Let $\gamma,\gamma'\in G(k[[\pi]])$ that are generically regular semisimple on $G(k((\pi)))$.
We assume that ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

173 views

### How to find the unitary matrices in this exponential matrix representation

In the following post
Representing a product of matrix exponentials as the exponential of a sum
there is a statement regarding the result of the multiplication of two matrix exponentials:
if $A$ and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Compute the discriminant for reductive groups

Consider $G=GL_{2}$ and $F=k((\pi))$, and a diagonal matrix $t=\left(\begin{array}{cc}a&0\\0&b\end{array}\right)$.
The characteristic polynomial of $t$ is $X^{2}-(a+b)X+ab$, and the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

348 views

### Iwasawa Decomposition for Matrices [closed]

I was asked to prove that if
$$ T_{n}^{+}(\mathbb{R}) \subseteq M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$$
denotes the set of upper triangular matrices with positive diagonal entries, then prove that the multiplication ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### identifying dual of lie algebra of general linear groups

Is there any reference for the following fact? I am looking for a nice and simple proof.
Assume that $G=GL(n,C)$, the group of invertible $n\times n$ matrices with complex entries. Why can the dual ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

325 views

### Have derivatives of determinants along 1-psg's ever been 'coherently' computed via Jacobi's formula?

Suppose $\mathfrak{p}$ denotes all the symmetric matrices in $\mathfrak{sl}_{2n} \mathbb{R}$.
Then for each parameterized 1-dimensional linear subspace $\xi=\xi(t)$ of $\mathfrak{p}$ we get a ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

423 views

### Matrices generating non-discrete subgroups of SL(2,R)

Jorgensen's inequality $\mid \left(Tr\left(A\right)\right)^2-4\mid+\mid Tr\left[A,B\right]-2\mid\ge 1$ gives a necessary condition for two matrices A,B to generate a discrete subgroup of SL(2,R). Are ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

324 views

### Linear subspaces in cones over orthogonal groups

Consider the orthogonal group $G=O(n)$ as a subset of the vector space of $n\times n$ real matrices. Let $C=C(G)$ denote the Euclidean cone over $G$, i.e., the space of matrices of the form $tA, A\in ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

327 views

### Spaces of matrices with same eigenvalue/Great circles in O(n)-orbits

Let $Sym^2(V)$ be the set of symmetric matrices of a real $n$-dimensional vector space $V$. Given an element $\underline{\lambda}=[\lambda_1,\ldots \lambda_n]\in \mathbb{RP}^n$, where ...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Representing a product of matrix exponentials as the exponential of a sum

In Proof of a conjectured exponential formula, R. C. Thompson (1986) [edit: apparently, assuming Horn's conjecture] proved that if $A$ and $B$ are Hermitian matrices, then there exist unitary matrices ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

310 views

### Invariants of co-diagonalizability in real symmetric matrices

This question has been mentionned to me by U. Frisch. He wanders whether it has ever been considered by algebraists.
In the vector space ${\bf Sym}_n({\mathbb R})$, two elements commutte to each ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### omega-Commuting matrices vs Stone-von Neumann Theorem

Let me first recall the Stone-von Neumann theorem that if two one-parameter groups of unitary operators $U_t$ and $V_s$ over a Hilbert space satisfy $U_tV_s=e^{ist}V_sU_t$ for every $s,t\in{\mathbb ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### criterion for deciding whether the product of a sequence of Givens rotations can reach the full special orthogonal group

By Givens' rotation $R(1,2;\theta)$ I mean a matrix which has the
$$\begin{pmatrix} \hphantom{-}\cos \theta &\sin \theta \cr -\sin \theta & \cos \theta \end{pmatrix}$$
$2 \times 2$ block at ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

704 views

### What's the Lipschitz constant of the exponential map for $SO(n,R)$?

Consider the Lie algebra $so(n)$ equipped with the metric $\langle e_i \wedge e_j, e_k \wedge e_l \rangle = \delta_{i,k} \delta_{j,l}$. Similarly equip the tangent space at other points of $SO(n)$ by ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

351 views

### Analogies between orthogonal/unitary groups and their indefinite counterparts

Suppose I have $A\in U(n)$ such that $A^t=A$ (which is a bit un-natural, as usually you'd consider the hermitian transpose, not the transpose).
Well, then $A=X+iY$ say, for $X$ and $Y$ real matrices. ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Parametrization of O(3)

Is there a simple way to parametrize the orthogonal group O(3) of 3 by 3 orthogonal matrices?

**9**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Left and right eigenvalues

A quaternionic matrix $A$ gives rise to a
function $\mathbb{H}^n \to \mathbb{H}^n$
given by $x \mapsto A \cdot x$. This is real linear,
but not complex- or quaternionic-linear
(in general) if we ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

461 views

### What matrix groups can be embedded in $Sp_4$?

In a joint paper with Yifan Yang we constructed an "exotic" embedding
of $SL_2(\mathbb R)$ in $Sp_4(\mathbb R)$ (in fact, of $PSL_2(\mathbb R)$ in $PSp_4(\mathbb R)$),
namely,
$$
...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### How to show the matrix exponential is onto? And, how to create a powerseries for log that works outside B(I,1)

Hi,
I've been looking for a clear reference which shows that the matrix exponential is surjective from $M_{n}(C)$ to $Gl_{n}(C)$. Wikipedia claims this is true, but I haven't seen it proven... ...