# Tagged Questions

**6**

votes

**2**answers

121 views

### Do compact groups acting irreducibly have finite subgroups which do the same?

Let $G$ be a closed subgroup of $U(n,{\bf C})$, not necessarily connected. Regard ${\bf C}^n$ as a complex $G$-module $M$.
Q. Suppose $M$ is irreducible as a $G$-module (equivalent, I think, to ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

304 views

### Characterising the adjoint representation of SU(N)

One can show that the adjoint representation of $\mathrm{SU}(n)$, the image of the map $\mathrm{Ad}:\mathrm{SU}(n) \rightarrow \mathrm{Aut}(\mathrm{su(n)})\subset \mathrm{GL}(\mathrm{su}(n))$, is an ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Special linear groups contained in symplectic groups

Let $q$ be a power of prime $p$, and $n, m, k$ positive integers such that $mk=2n$ and $2\leq m<2n$. Let $\mathrm{Sp}(2n,q)$ be the symplectic group of dimension $2n$ over $\mathrm{GF}(q)$ and ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

523 views

### Multiplicative Identity for all elements in SU(n)

Let $\{P_i\}$ be a subset of $SU(n)$ such that for any $U$ in another subset (or perhaps subgroup) $H$ of $SU(n)$: $$P_1UP_2U\cdots P_mU=I$$ where $I$ is the identity element. Is there a sequence ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

133 views

### Maximal compact subgroups of a semisimple Lie group are conjugate

I'm trying to go through the proof that all maximal compact subgroups of a semisimple Lie group $G$ are conjugate. I know that a possible proof follows the following steps:
Take one maximal compact ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

172 views

### Bound on the index of an abelian subgroup in discrete subgroup of the euclidean group?

I asked the following question on math.SE a couple of days ago. Dietrich Burde gave an answer for the case that the subgroup is not only discrete but also acts cocompactly.
What about the general ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

137 views

### Unipotent conjugacy classes

Consider a connected reductive group G over the complex numbers. Is there a `simple' formula for the number of conjugacy classes of unipotent elements in G?

**6**

votes

**2**answers

216 views

### Union of conjugates of a closed subgroup of a compact group

Let $G$ be a compact Hausdorff group, $H \leq G$ a closed subgroup of infinite index in $G$.
Is it possible that the conjugates of $H$ cover some open neighbourhood of $1$ in $G$ (or the whole of ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

368 views

### How to estimate the Haar measure on $G_2$

I have a sequence of real numbers. I want to know whether this sequence looks like the traces in the standard representation of a random sequence of elements of $G_2$. (Here random is according to the ...

**1**

vote

**4**answers

235 views

### About structure of parabolic subgroups of finite classical algebraic groups

Dear Members of Mathoverflow,
I am interested about a Fact (if it is right) of the structure of parabolic subgroups of finite classical algebraic groups:
Let G be a classical algebraic group over ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Brauer characters of finite simple group $E_8(5)$

I would like to find the irreducible characters of the group $E_8(5)$ (mod 2)?
Can anyone help? (I am elementary in working with Brauer characters)
Many thanks

**4**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Groups of operators between local unitaries and full unitaries

Consider the group $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ of "local unitary" operators acting on the complex space $\mathbb{C}^{d_1} \otimes \mathbb{C}^{d_2}$ (i.e., $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ is the group of unitary ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Subgroups with trivial Centralizers

Let $G$ be a compact, simply-connected, and simple Lie group. Let $H$ be a closed subgroup of $G$ that has the same centralizer as the center of $G$. Is there a nice classification of such subgroups?
...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

342 views

### When is a subgroup of a Lie group itself a Lie group?

Assume that $G$ is a Lie group. Is it understood which subgroups of $G$ are Lie groups?
Ideally, I would like to make no extra assumption about $G$. In particular, $G$ can be infinite dimensional.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

204 views

### $SO(N^2-1)$ and the adjoint representation of $SU(N)$

It is a known fact that the adjoint representation of $SU(N)$ is a proper subgroup of $SO(N^2-1)$.
I would like to know how a generic $(N^2-1)\times (N^2-1)$ special ($det =1$), orthogonal matrix $O$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

### Can Galois conjugates of lattices in SL(2,R) be discrete?

Let $\Gamma$ be a lattice in $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$. Suppose that the trace field of $\Gamma$ is a totally real number field of degree $d$. This gives $d$ homomorphisms $\rho_i:\Gamma\to SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

195 views

### The compact Lie group contains a finite subgroup $\mathbb{Z}_{n_1} \times \mathbb{Z}_{n_2} \times \mathbb{Z}_{n_3}$

Given a finite Abelian group: $G=\mathbb{Z}_{n_1} \times \mathbb{Z}_{n_2} \times \mathbb{Z}_{n_3}$, where ${n_1},{n_2},{n_3}$ are arbitrary positive integers. ${n_1},{n_2},{n_3}$ may have or may not ...

**22**

votes

**2**answers

727 views

### In any Lie group with finitely many connected components, does there exist a finite subgroup which meets every component?

This question concerns a statement in a short paper by S. P. Wang titled “A note on free subgroups in linear groups" from 1981. The main result of this paper is the following theorem.
Theorem (Wang, ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

255 views

### Realizing a subgroup of a Lie group as a stabilizer subgroup

Let $G$ a compact semisimple Lie group, $H$ a subgroup of $G$. Is it always possible to find an irreducible representation $R$ of $G$ such that the stabilizer of an $x\in R$ is "locally isomorphic" to ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Is there an analogue of Mostow-Palais equivariant embedding theorem for noncompact groups

Let $M$ be a (Hausdorff) smooth compact manifold and $G$ a Lie group acting smoothly on $M$. If $G$ is compact then, by Mostow-Palais theorem, there exists an equivariant smooth embedding $M\to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

372 views

### Bi invariant Riemannian metric on a Lie Group

I'm trying to find an example of a Lie group $G$ which admits a bi-invariant Riemannian metric, and which has a closed subgroup $H$ such that the manifold $G/H$ does not admit a $G$-invariant ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Determining the Lie algebra elements exponentiating to the center of a Lie group

For a semi-simple compact Lie group $G$ with center $Z(G)$, one can characterize the preimage of $Z(G)$ in the Cartan subalgebra under the exponential map as the nodes of the Stiefel diagram (see for ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Are compact simple groups homotopically non-abelian?

Take a compact connected simple centreless Lie group $G$.
Can the commutator map $G\times G\to G$ sending $(x,y)$ to $[x,y]$ be homotopic to a constant map?
I am interested mostly in the case, ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

578 views

### The non-simplicity of $SO(4)$ and $A_4$

It is well known that the alternating group $A_n$ is simple unless $n=4$. It is likewise well known that the special orthogonal group $SO(n)$ is essentially simple unless $n=4$ (specifically, the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### semisimple conjugacy classes over general bases

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $G$ a connected reductive group, $T$ a maximal torus, $W$ the Weyl group and $\chi:G\rightarrow T/W$ the Steinberg morphism.
We know that if ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

422 views

### Para-Complexification of Lie Groups

Let $G$ be a real Lie group. Then the complexification $G_\mathbb{C}$ of $G$ is the unique complex Lie group equipped with a map $φ:G\to G_\mathbb{C}$ such that any map $G\to H$ where $H$ is a
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

359 views

### A question about flag variety of $SL(n,\mathbb{C})$

We know that the flag variety $SL(2,\mathbb{C})/B$ which $B$ is Borel subgroup, can be identified with $\mathbb{P^1}$, What can we say about $SL(n,\mathbb{C})/B$ which $B$ is Borel subgroup of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

140 views

### on the open bruhat cell

Let $G$ a connected reductive group and $S=U^{-}TU$ the open cell.
Do we have $G=\bigcup\limits_{g\in G}gSg^{-1}$?
And also if I assume that $G$ is adjoint and $\overline{G}$ is the de ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Compute the discriminant for reductive groups

Consider $G=GL_{2}$ and $F=k((\pi))$, and a diagonal matrix $t=\left(\begin{array}{cc}a&0\\0&b\end{array}\right)$.
The characteristic polynomial of $t$ is $X^{2}-(a+b)X+ab$, and the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### question about twisted group of Lie type A_n

Let $G=PSU_3(q)$ and $q=p^n$, where $n$ is odd. Can we conclude that $PSU_3(p)$ is a subgroup of $G$?

**5**

votes

**2**answers

352 views

### The number of conjugacy classes of the simple group PSL(2,q)

If $q=p^a$ , where $p$ is a prime number, then I would like to know the number of conjugacy classes related to elements of order $p$ and $2$ in the simple group $PSL(2,q)$ .

**0**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### when $g^*$ is invariant under $Ad(G)$?

Let $G$ be a Lie Group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be its lie algebra.
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ is semisimple or reductive lie algebra, then prove that $\mathfrak{g}^*$ (dual of $\mathfrak{g}$)is invariant under ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

349 views

### Diffeomorphisms of the sphere conjugate to a rotation

What are sufficient condition on a given diffeomorphism of the sphere (say, given explicitly with formulas) that can ensure that it is conjugate to a rotation, in the group of diffeomorphism of the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### Which cocompact subgroups of $G$ do contain a cocompact normal subgroup of $G$?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and let $H$ be a cocompact (or more generally, a cofinite) subgroup of $G$.
Is there any criterion to determine whether $H$ contains a cocompact normal subgroup of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

437 views

### Are maximal compact subgroups of connected groups connected?

Assume $G$ is a connected locally compact group and $M$ is a maximal compact subgroup of $G$. Is $M$ connected too?

**6**

votes

**2**answers

340 views

### Discrete subgroups of products of SU(2)

It is known that there are -up to conjugation- 5 classes of discrete subgroups of SU(2). One way to show this is by means of the McKay correspondence. My question is more regarding products of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Easy argument for “connected simple real rank zero Lie groups are compact”?

Let $G$ be a connected simple Lie group. It is known that if $G$ has real rank zero, then $G$ is compact.
Background: every connected (semi)simple Lie group $G$ (with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$) has ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

78 views

### The action of graph automorphism of finite symplectic group on maximal subgroups

Let $G=Sp(4,2^f)$ with $f>1$. Based on the facts when $f$ is small, I would feel the following:
$G$ has two conjugacy classes of subgroups isomorphic to $SO^+(4,2^f)$. One is in Aschbacher's class ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

566 views

### Spin group as an automorphism group

Consider the real algebraic group $SO(p,q)$, this is the automorphism group of the vector space $\mathbb{R}^n$ of dimension $n=p+q$ over $\mathbb{R}$, endowed with the diagonal quadratic form with ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Orbit structure of linear representations of complex Lie groups

Let $G$ be a semisimple complex Lie group (or perhaps a reductive algebraic group over $\mathbb{C}$) and $V$ an irreducible finite-dimensional representation of $G$, determined by its highest weight. ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

756 views

### How can I tell if a group is linear?

The basic question is in the title, but I am interested in both necessary and sufficient conditions.
I know the Tits' alternative and Malcev's result that finitely generated linear groups are ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

230 views

### Quotient of 3-sphere by binary octahedral group?

Consider the Lie group $Spin(3)$, which can be thought of geometrically as the 3-sphere (e.g., it can be represented by the collection of unit quaternions). The quotient $Spin(3)/\pm I$ yields the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

198 views

### Homomorphisms of Lie groups preserving regularity

Let $G_1, G_2$ be connected semisimple Lie groups, let us assume for simplicity that both groups are complex (even though, I am interested in the real Lie groups as well). Let $f: G_1\to G_2$ be a ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

394 views

### Is there an almost-direct product decomposition for disconnected reductive algebraic groups?

$\textbf{Some definitions:}$
Let $G$ be an algebraic group (for me that is the complex points of an affine algebraic group). We say $G$ is reductive if its unipotent radical (maximal connected normal ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

266 views

### Which orbits of a separable representation of the infinite unitary group are closed?

Consider a separable irreducible unitary representation of $U(\mathcal{H})$ in the Hilbert space $V$. Assume that $\mathcal{H}$ is separable. My question is the following:
Is it true that all ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

242 views

### Extensions of Groups

I believe there is a reasonable notion of $\text{Ext}^1(G,H)$ in the category of groups (where $G$ and $H$ are groups). Is there a decent reference describing this?
My particular situation involves a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Maximal subgroups of semisimple Lie groups

The problem of finding and classifying the maximal subgroups of simple Lie groups like $SU(3)$ is well known and solved in the literature. What about maximal subgroups of semisimple groups like $SU(3) ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

427 views

### Finite subgroups of $PGL(3,K)$

It is well-known that finite subgroups of $PGL_2(\mathbb{C})$ are cyclic groups, dihedral groups, A4, S4 and A5 and each of these groups occurs exactly once (up to conjugacy). These facts are ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

292 views

### Parabolic-type subgroups of GL(V)

Dear all,
Consider a flag $V=V_1\supset V_2\supset \cdots \supset V_k\supset V_{k+1}=\{0\}$ of a vector space $V$ over a field of $p$ elements. Let $I$ be a subset of the index set $\{1,2,...,k\}$.
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

217 views

### Reductive Lie Groups and Complexification

Let $G$ be a complex Lie group (not necessarily connected) with reductive Lie algebra $\frak{g}$. (We may assume that $G$ has finitely many connected components and is linear-algebraic.) Of course, ...