Lie Groups are Groups that are additionally smooth manifolds such that the multiplication and the inverse maps are smooth.

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on the center of a Lie group

I'm trying to set straight my various pieces of knowledge about the center of a compact Lie group, and I'm running in circles... First some definitions: • Let $G$ be compact, simple, and simply ...
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65 views

Maximal subgroups of indefinite special orthogonal group SO(p,q)

Can someone answer the following question: Is there any classification of maximal proper Zariski-closed real subgroups of $SO(p,q)$ which are not parabolic, and satisfy the following conditions: ...
0
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81 views

Does the homogeneous spaces $K^{\mathbb{C}}/{{Z(k)}^{\mathbb{C}}}$ have a natural Kähler or sympletic structure?

Let $K$ be a connected compact Lie group, $K^{\mathbb{C}}$ be complexified Lie group of $K$. Denote $Z(k)$ by the centralizer of k∈K and $Z^{\mathbb{C}}(k) $ be the complexified Lie group of $Z(k)$ ...
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43 views

Localization on orbit type submanifolds (generalization of Atiyah-Bott-Berline-Vergne)

In equivariant cohomology, the Atiyah-Bott-Berline-Vergne localization theorem says roughly speaking that the integral of an equivariant cohomology class on the $G$-manifold $M$ has only contributions ...
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36 views

How to show a matrix can't be written as exponential? [migrated]

How can I show the matrix $$A = \left( \begin{array}{c c} -2 & 0 \\ 0 & -1 \\ \end{array} \right)$$ can't be written as $A = exp(a)$? I've tried to write A like $$A = \left( ...
5
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360 views

A function canonically associated to an irreducible representation in L^2(M) for a Riemannian G-manifold M. Who has seen it?

The following is my first question here on mathoverflow. Let $M$ be a closed connected Riemannian manifold with an isometric effective action of a compact connected Lie group $G$. Consider the ...
4
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1answer
212 views

Harish-Chandra isomorphism for compact symmetric spaces

I would be interested to have an explicit description of the algebra of invariant differential operators on functions on a compact symmetric space $G/K$. A reference would be especially useful. ...
1
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1answer
97 views

Large and Small Conformal Groups

It's well-known that on a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ with dimension larger than 2, the dimension of its conformal group $\text{conf}(M,g)$ is bounded above by ${n+2\choose 2}$. A Riemannian manifold ...
2
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1answer
149 views

When are induction and coinduction of representations of Lie groups isomorphic? When they are compact? Semisimple?

This is in a sense a follow up on the popular question Induction and Coinduction of Representations, where this particular question is one of several points, and it is neglected. It seems that the ...
5
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184 views

Weyl's construction for symplectic groups--an exercise in Fulton and Harris's book

This is an exercise in section 17.3 in Fulton and Harris's book:Representation theory-a first course. Let $V=\mathbb{C}^{2n}$ and $Sp(2n)$ be the symplectic group w.r.t the nondegenerate bilinear ...
2
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58 views

First Variation of Dyson Series/Magnus Expansion

Given the matrix differential equation $\frac{dU_t}{dt}=A_t U_t$ there are at least two ways to write a formal solution. Both the Dyson series: $U_t = \mathcal{T} e^{\int_{0}^{t} A_t dt}$ and the ...
37
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1answer
886 views

$H^4(BG,\mathbb Z)$ torsion free for $G$ a connected Lie group

Recently, prompted by considerations in conformal field theory, I was let to guess that for every compact connected Lie group $G$, the fourth cohomology group of it classifying space is torsion free. ...
3
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1answer
109 views

Two matrix Fisher distributions on SO(3)?

After the uniform distribution (normalized Haar measure), the matrix Fisher distribution seems to be the most popular probability distribution on the Lie group SO(3). The density is proportional to ...
2
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85 views

Is every irreducible unitary class one representation induced?

Let $G$ be a connected semi simple Lie group with finite center. Fix a maximal compact subgroup $K$. An irreducible representation $(\pi,V)$ of $G$ is called a "class-one representation", if it ...
6
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2answers
299 views

Do compact groups acting irreducibly have finite subgroups which do the same?

Let $G$ be a closed subgroup of $U(n,{\bf C})$, not necessarily connected. Regard ${\bf C}^n$ as a complex $G$-module $M$. Q. Suppose $M$ is irreducible as a $G$-module (equivalent, I think, to ...
3
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1answer
133 views

Rational homogenous spaces and symmetric spaces

What are the complex rational homogenous spaces $G/P$ ($G$ a semi-simple complex Lie group, $P$ a parabolic subgroup) such that the set of real points $(G/P)(\mathbb R)$ is a (compact) riemannian ...
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63 views

reference help indecomposable representations of SL(2,R)

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the Lie algebra $\mathfrak{sl}_2(\mathbb{C})$, $K=SO(2)$ the maximal compact subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$. Then the classification of irreducible admissible ...
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67 views

equation for geodesics of a right invairant Finsler metric on $SU(n)$ which are parallel to a linear affine distribution

I am looking for an equation analogous to the Euler-Poincare equations for a right invariant Finlser metric except I want the geodesics which are parallel to a linear affine distribution on $SU(n)$. ...
11
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368 views

Who originated the standard symbols for Lie groups GL, SL, SU, etc.?

Who was first to use symbols GL, SL, O, SO, U, SU, Sp and their projective versions, and how did this notation become standard? The notation appears in fairly modern form in Weyl's "The Classical ...
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1answer
43 views

Converting Dirichlet boundary conditions for E-L equations on a Lie group into an equivilent condition for EP equaiton

I need to find a specific geodesic of a right invariant Finsler geodesic on a Lie group ($SU(n)$) that connects $I$ to some desired $O$. These are Dirichlet boundary conditions for the E-L equations ...
5
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3answers
373 views

Characterising the adjoint representation of SU(N)

One can show that the adjoint representation of $\mathrm{SU}(n)$, the image of the map $\mathrm{Ad}:\mathrm{SU}(n) \rightarrow \mathrm{Aut}(\mathrm{su(n)})\subset \mathrm{GL}(\mathrm{su}(n))$, is an ...
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1answer
45 views

Bi-invariant one forms on compact Lie groups

I'm hoping to learn of a criterion for the existence of a bi-invariant one form on a Lie group $G$. I'm looking for a reference that there are no such one forms son $SU(n)$ (as long as this is in fact ...
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0answers
85 views

adjoint representation of 2-Lie groups

Baez and Crans in their paper on Lie 2-algebras refer to adjoint representations of Lie 2-groups but don't say much, as far as I can tell, except to say that such a representation acts on a 2-Lie ...
5
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168 views

Special linear groups contained in symplectic groups

Let $q$ be a power of prime $p$, and $n, m, k$ positive integers such that $mk=2n$ and $2\leq m<2n$. Let $\mathrm{Sp}(2n,q)$ be the symplectic group of dimension $2n$ over $\mathrm{GF}(q)$ and ...
8
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151 views

Construction of the Lie functor: left vs. right invariant vector fields on Lie groups and Lie groupoids

When constructing the Lie algebra $L(G)$ of a Lie group $G$, one usually uses the identification of the tangent space $T_1 G$ with left invariant vector fields $\mathcal{V}^l(G)$ to construct the Lie ...
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65 views

Reference request: How you can reach any point in the vector space of vector fields generated by Lie brackets

By a Theorem of Chow, you can reach any point in the vector space of vector fields generated by Lie brackets. Do you know any reference for this theorem?
5
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1answer
159 views

Laplace-Beltrami operator on a Lie group

For an arbitrary Lie group, is it always possible to chose a left-invariant Riemannian metric such that the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ is given by $$\Delta f = \delta^{i j} X_i X_j f$$ for ...
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1answer
123 views

Compact subgroups of linear groups over nonarchimedean fields

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $K$ a (nonarchimedean) local field, $\overline{K}$ its algebraic closure. Take a compact subgroup $G \leq \text{GL}_n(\overline{K})$. Must there be a finite extension $F$ of ...
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1answer
130 views

Euler-Poincare equations with constraints

It is well known that the stationary curves (say $\Xi(t)$) of a regular Lagrangian $\mathcal{L}$ on a compact, semi-simple Lie group $G$ have the property that $\xi(t) = \frac{d \Xi(t)}{dt} ...
3
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1answer
158 views

Approximating the action of the U(N) exponential map

Let's say that I have a curve in $\mathbb{C}^N$ given by the action of the unitary group: $$x(t) = e^{Ht}x_0,~ H \in \mathfrak{u}(N),~ ||x_0||=1$$ Here, $H$ is an NxN skew-Hermitian matrix (for very ...
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Homology of Lie groups

Let $G$ be a Lie group and $G^{\delta}$ the underlying group (with discrete topology). Obviously, we have a continuous map of groups $i:G^{\delta}\rightarrow G$ which induces a map between classifying ...
10
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2answers
431 views

Geodesics on $SU(4)$

Are the geodesics of the following metrics on $SU(4)$ known or easy (in a way not known to me!) to find? In the adjoint representation, one can express the Killing form as a matrix and consider it as ...
11
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2answers
530 views

Multiplicative Identity for all elements in SU(n)

Let $\{P_i\}$ be a subset of $SU(n)$ such that for any $U$ in another subset (or perhaps subgroup) $H$ of $SU(n)$: $$P_1UP_2U\cdots P_mU=I$$ where $I$ is the identity element. Is there a sequence ...
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1answer
142 views

Maximal compact subgroups of a semisimple Lie group are conjugate

I'm trying to go through the proof that all maximal compact subgroups of a semisimple Lie group $G$ are conjugate. I know that a possible proof follows the following steps: Take one maximal compact ...
4
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1answer
85 views

$C^\infty$-vectors in general representations of Lie groups on locally convex spaces

This question is related to this one. Let $G$ be a real Lie group (I should emphasize I only care about ordinary Lie groups, not Lie groups modeled on locally convex spaces or anything like that). In ...
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$G$-invariant part of products of determinants of minors

Let $G = SL_n$; then for any tuple $\lambda$ such that $\sum \lambda_i = n$, define $f_\lambda(g)$ as the product of the determinants of successive minors of lengths $\lambda_i$ of $g$ (e.g. for ...
7
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3answers
583 views

nth term in the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula

I am trying to prove a result for which I need the nth term of the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula. I came at this particular result (which is not of significance for the question, but mentioning for ...
2
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2answers
176 views

Bound on the index of an abelian subgroup in discrete subgroup of the euclidean group?

I asked the following question on math.SE a couple of days ago. Dietrich Burde gave an answer for the case that the subgroup is not only discrete but also acts cocompactly. What about the general ...
6
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1answer
160 views

Integrals of representations over geodesics

Let $G$ be a compact, connected Lie group and $\rho$ any of its irreducible, unitary representations. If $\gamma:S^1\to G$ is an injective homomorphism (a periodic geodesic passing through the ...
6
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1answer
628 views

Is the Duflo polynomial conjecture open?

Let $G/K$ be a symmetric space. Let $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{k}\oplus\mathfrak{p}$ be a Cartan decomposition, with the odd part $\mathfrak{p}$. It is well known that the algebra of invariant ...
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36 views

Symmetry analysis of differential equations

What is the connected component of the identical transformation in the pseudogroup of local diffeormorphism on the real line? similar question Let $\tilde t=T(t)\quad T_t>0,$ be a local ...
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1answer
141 views

Unipotent conjugacy classes

Consider a connected reductive group G over the complex numbers. Is there a `simple' formula for the number of conjugacy classes of unipotent elements in G?
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1answer
293 views

The surjectivity of the exponential map for the isometry group

Little is known on general conditions guaranteeing that the exponential map between a Lie algebra and an associated Lie group is surjective. Let $M$ be a noncompact connected Riemann manifold, and ...
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1answer
140 views

Orbits of an action of maximal compact subgroups of p-adic orthogonal groups

Let $Q$ be a non-degenerate indefinite quadratic form on ${\mathbb R}^n$ and write $G=SO(Q)$ for the associated special orthogonal group. Let $K$ be a maximal compact subgroup of $G$ and consider the ...
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1answer
215 views

Calculation with weights of $E_6$

Question: Consider the complex simple Lie group $E_6$. Let $\lambda_1$ and $\lambda_6$ be the fundamental weights defining the $27$-dimensional representation $V$ and $V^*$, resp. Consider the complex ...
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1answer
300 views

Differences in philosophy between Lie Groups and Differential Galois Theory

As far as I have heard,Sophus Lie's aim was to construct an analogue of galois theory for differential galois theory. I am familiar with lie group but not with differential galois theory. What is the ...
2
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1answer
121 views

Fibers of the Bott-Samelson Resolution of Schubert Varieties

Is there an explicit (perhaps visual) description of the fibers of the Bott-Samelson Resolutions of Schubert Varieties? Let's fix $G$ to be $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$. Also, how would the answer to the ...
6
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2answers
222 views

Union of conjugates of a closed subgroup of a compact group

Let $G$ be a compact Hausdorff group, $H \leq G$ a closed subgroup of infinite index in $G$. Is it possible that the conjugates of $H$ cover some open neighbourhood of $1$ in $G$ (or the whole of ...
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Cohomology of Bott-Samelson varieties?

How is the cohomology of Bott-Samelson varieties (desingularizations of Schubert Varieties ) usually calculated? Let's fix the Lie group to be $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ or $SL_n(\mathbb{C})$ here. Is there ...
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105 views

Hermitian Symmetric Subspaces of Siegel Space

Let $\mathbb{H}_g$ denote Siegel space, and $M$ denote an order 4 element of the unitary subgroup $U(n)(\mathbb{R})$with $p$ eigenvalues equal to $i$, and $q$ eigenvalues equal to $-i$, $p+q=g$. ...