# Tagged Questions

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### Applications of topological and diferentiable stacks

What are some examples of theorems about topology or differential geometry that have been proven using topological/differentiable stacks, or, some examples of proofs made easier by them? I'm well ...
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### What is the 2-category whose 0-objects are Lie algebroids?

Recall the notion of Lie algebroid (n Lab, Wikipedia). One motivation for studying Lie algebroids is that they are infinitesimal versions of Lie groupoids, and Lie groupoids present stacks. In ...
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### Construction of the Lie functor: left vs. right invariant vector fields on Lie groups and Lie groupoids

When constructing the Lie algebra $L(G)$ of a Lie group $G$, one usually uses the identification of the tangent space $T_1 G$ with left invariant vector fields $\mathcal{V}^l(G)$ to construct the Lie ...
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### Integrating representations of Lie algebroids

If $A \to M$ is a Lie algebroid over a smooth manifold $M$ then a representation of $A$ is a vector bundle $E \to M$ with a flat $A$-connection $$\nabla : \Gamma(E) \to \Gamma(E\otimes A^*).$$ If $G$...
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### Differentiation of Lie $\infty$-groupoids

I've been trying to understand how to differentiate Lie $\infty$-groupoids to get a Lie $\infty$-algebroid. First of all, I will state the definitions that I'm assuming. A Lie $\infty$-groupoid is a ...
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### Internal equivalence implies weak equivalence for Frechet Lie groupoids?

It is a known theorem that an internal equivalence of Lie groupoids (finite dimensional manifolds!) - that is an equivalence in the 2-category of Lie groupoids, smooth functors and transformations - ...
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### Compare three 2-categories of (Lie) groupoids

Lie groupoids are groupoids with smooth structures. There is a nature 2-category of Lie groupoids: Lie groupoids, smooth functors of Lie groupoids, smooth natural transformations of smooth functors. ...
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### Is there a “geometric” language that describes the equivalence groupoid of a foliated manifold?

Sitting on the couch in my office is a certain groupoid. It's waiting for me to say something to it. My problem is that I don't know its language. My question here is for some suggestions. Here, ...
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### On Holonomy in (regular) Riemannian Foliations

Right now, I am trying to understanding the role of holonomy fields on Riemannian foliations, which lead me to the following (probably topological) groupoid: Let $\mathcal{F}\subset M$ be a ...
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### KK-witnesses of Gysin maps between differentiable stacks

In 1982 Alain Connes gave the construction of a KK-element $f! \in KK(C(X), C(Y))$ that "witnesses" the fiber integration/Gysin/Umkehr/wrong-way map on topological $K$-theory along a K-orientable map ...
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### Intrinsic Characterization of when an orbifold (or more general stack) is effective?

Recall that an orbifold is an etale and proper differentiable stack $X$. Etale means that it admits an etale atlas $M \to X$ from a manifold $M$ (which is to say it is represented by an etale Lie ...
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### A-Paths as morphisms of Lie Algebroids $TI\longrightarrow A$?

In the paper Integrability of Lie Brackets Marius Crainic and Rui Fernandes describe obstructions to integrate a Lie algebroid to a Lie groupoid. The process of integration relies on the construction ...
In this paper, John Baez and Urs Schreiber define (see Definition 2.16) a Lie groupoid (there called a '2-space') associated to any manifold $M$. In fact it is a bundle of Lie groups over $M$ thought ...