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### KK-witnesses of Gysin maps between differentiable stacks

In 1982 Alain Connes gave the construction of a KK-element $f! \in KK(C(X), C(Y))$ that "witnesses" the fiber integration/Gysin/Umkehr/wrong-way map on topological $K$-theory along a K-orientable map ...

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### When are $k$-sectors of a Lie groupoid a manifold?

Let ${\mathcal{G} = \lbrace s,t:G_1 \to G_0 \rbrace}$ be a Lie groupoid. Define
$$(\mathcal{G}^k)_0:=\lbrace (a_1,\dots,a_k) \in G_1^k\mid s(a_1)=t(a_1)=\dots=s(a_k)=t(a_k) \rbrace$$
(This is the ...

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### What are the possible symplectic structures on a given Lie groupoid?

Recall the definition of a symplectic groupoid. Roughly this is a Lie groupoid such that the object manifold is Poisson, and the arrow manifold is symplectic such that the symplectic form is ...

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### Internal equivalence implies weak equivalence for Frechet Lie groupoids?

It is a known theorem that an internal equivalence of Lie groupoids (finite dimensional manifolds!) - that is an equivalence in the 2-category of Lie groupoids, smooth functors and transformations - ...

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### Which makes Lie groupoids so nice?

This is a continuation of my previous question.
A) Morphisms in (1') are basically internal anafunctors, their compositions heavily use (and only) pullback/limit.
B) Bibundles in (2) are basically ...

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### Compare three 2-categories of (Lie) groupoids

Lie groupoids are groupoids with smooth structures. There is a nature 2-category of Lie groupoids: Lie groupoids, smooth functors of Lie groupoids, smooth natural transformations of smooth functors. ...

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### Why is the base manifold of a Lie groupoid required to be second-countable?

I wonder why one requires that the base manifold of a Lie groupoid is second-countable?

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### Is there a “geometric” language that describes the equivalence groupoid of a foliated manifold?

Sitting on the couch in my office is a certain groupoid. It's waiting for me to say something to it. My problem is that I don't know its language. My question here is for some suggestions.
Here, ...

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### Intrinsic Characterization of when an orbifold (or more general stack) is effective?

Recall that an orbifold is an etale and proper differentiable stack $X$. Etale means that it admits an etale atlas $M \to X$ from a manifold $M$ (which is to say it is represented by an etale Lie ...

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### What is the 2-category whose 0-objects are Lie algebroids?

Recall the notion of Lie algebroid (n Lab, Wikipedia). One motivation for studying Lie algebroids is that they are infinitesimal versions of Lie groupoids, and Lie groupoids present stacks. In ...

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### Applications of topological and diferentiable stacks

What are some examples of theorems about topology or differential geometry that have been proven using topological/differentiable stacks, or, some examples of proofs made easier by them? I'm well ...