Lie algebras are algebraic structures which were introduced to study the concept of infinitesimal transformations. The term "Lie algebra" (after Sophus Lie) was introduced by Hermann Weyl in the 1930s. In older texts, the name "infinitesimal group" is used. Related mathematical concepts include Lie ...

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Comodules of the $B,C$ and $D$ series quantum groups

In Section 11.5 of Klimyk and Schmudgen's book on quantum groups, explicit presentations of the isomorphism classes of comodules of ${\cal O}(GL_q(N))$ are given in terms of its "quantum minors". In ...
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83 views

Involutions and Little Adjoint Representations of Simple Algebras

In what follows I'm going to use $V_{\theta_s}$ for the little adjoint representation af a Lie algebra i.e. the representation associated with the highest short rooth $\theta_s$. Is easy to see that ...
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1answer
49 views

Hamiltonian potential invariant under lie group action?

Let $(M,g)$ be a riemannian manifold and $G$ a Lie group acting on $M$ by isometries. Taking a $G$-invariant function $f\colon M \to \mathbb{R}$, we have the riemannian gradient $\operatorname{grad} ...
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$TSU(n)$ completely integrable with 3 $SU(2)$ invariant functions?

Consider the Lie group $SU(n)$ endowed with the standard bi-invariant metric. Then $SU(n)$ can be viewed as a symmetric space of $K_{n,n} := SU(n) \times SU(n)$. Define $M := K_{n,n} /SU(n)$. Using ...
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1answer
69 views

Exterior derivative on principal bundle [on hold]

In Nakahara's Geometry, Topology and Physics on page 375, he constructs a Lie-algebra-valued one-form $\omega$ on a principal bundle $P$ by "lifting" a Lie-algebra-valued one-form $\mathcal A_i$ on an ...
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2answers
192 views

Invariant theory for parabolics

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over $\mathbb{C}$ of (reductive) rank $\ell$. Let $P$ be a parabolic of $G$ and let $P=LN$ denote the Levi decomposition. Let $\mathfrak{g}, \mathfrak{p}, \...
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54 views

Symplectic gradients whose span doesn't intersect Lie group orbits

I asked a similar question some hours ago. But thinking about my problem, I found a loophole in my arguments, so that my question wasn't the right one. This one is what I wanted to ask: Let $G$ be a ...
6
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2answers
414 views

Socle of tilting modules in the BGG category $\mathcal{O}$ over a semisimple Lie algebra

Suppose that $\mathfrak{g}$ is a finite dimensional, complex, semisimple Lie algebra. Let $\mathcal{O}$ be the BGG category over $\mathfrak{g}$. Tilting module theory play an important role in the ...
2
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185 views

A problem on 2 Lie (co)homology group and central extension

For a perfect Lie algebra $L$ over $C,$ the kernel of its universal central extension is isomorphic to $H_2(L,C),$ and its central extensions are in 1-1 correspondence to $H^2(L,C).$ Question (1): ...
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1answer
117 views

Sum of Young symmetrisers of a given shape

Preliminaries and notation: Let $n\in \mathbb{Z}_{>0}$ and $\lambda=(\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\dots,\lambda_s)\vdash n$ be a partition. Given a Young diagram of shape $\lambda$, we can associate it ...
2
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61 views

Center of affine W-algebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite-dimensional complex simple Lie algebra and $k$ a complex number. Denote by $\hat{\mathfrak{g}}$ the corresponding affine Lie algebra ($\hat{\mathfrak{g}}=\mathfrak{g}((t)...
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1answer
77 views

slice theorem for proper actions

I'm trying to understand the slice-theorem for proper Lie-group actions. Having a smooth manifold $M$ and a Liegroup $G$ acting on $M$ in a proper way, we have the slice theorem, saying that at each ...
2
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142 views

Irreducible representations containing simple actions of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$

Let $G$ be a complex semisimple Lie group and let $\rho: G \longrightarrow \mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$ be a faithful irreducible representation of $G$ with $n \geq 3$. Suppose that $G$ contains a copy ...
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72 views

Sandwich rule for Lie algebras

On an infinite dimensional vector space an operator can be onto but not one-to-one (and vice versa). This arises the following question. Let $L_1$ and $L_2$ be Lie algebras (infinite dimensional, over ...
6
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111 views

Software for explicit computations in representations of classical Lie algebras

I'm pretty sure many a mathematician has longed for such a tool but I wasn't able to find such a question here, so here we go. Is there, by any chance, an existing package or program that allows one ...
8
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2answers
472 views

Quadratic Casimir of fundamental irreps of simply-laced Lie algebras

I have the following question, motivated by the expression for the character of level 1 highest weight integrable representations of simply-laced affine algebras (in terms of the string function). It ...
34
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4answers
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What role does the “dual Coxeter number” play in Lie theory (and should it be called the “Kac number”)?

While trying to get some perspective on the extensive literature about highest weight modules for affine Lie algebras relative to "level" (work by Feigin, E. Frenkel, Gaitsgory, Kac, ....), I run into ...
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129 views

Invariant functions on the dual Lie algebra

Let $G$ be a real Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ the corresponding Lie algebra. Let $\mathfrak{g}^*$ be the dual of the Lie algebra. Then we have the coadjoint action of $G$ on $\mathfrak{g}^*$. ...
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1answer
124 views

A particular Lie algebra $L_{n}$ and (various) lie groups whose Lie algebra is isomorphic to $L_{n}$

We define $$L_{n}=\{A=(a_{ij})\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})\mid \sum_{i=1}^{n} a_{ij}=0 \;\;\;\text{for every fixed j}\}$$ This is a Lie subalgebra of $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$. A dynamic-geometric proof for ...
2
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3answers
106 views

How can one show G/T is a coadjoint orbit for G a compact lie group and T it's maximal torus

Let $G$ be a compact lie group and $g$ it's lie algebra. I came across the the very important result that $G/T$ ($T$ a maximal torus of $G$) is a coadjoint orbit. However it is not at all clear to me ...
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1answer
163 views

The action of $GL_{\infty}$ on the infinite wedge space

This is a question from the book "Highest weight representations of infinite dimensional Lie algebras, 2nd ed" by V. G. Kac, A. K. Raina, and N. Rozhkovskaya. Consider the following objects: the ...
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1answer
119 views

Crystal basis for quantum groups and Lie algebras

Lie $g$ be a finite dimensional complex simple Lie algebra and $U_q(g)$ the corresponding quantum group, where $q$ is not a root of unity. Every simple finite dimensional $g$-module is of the form $V(\...
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126 views

What inner autmorphism really do in abstract algebra? [closed]

The definition of inner automorphism is easy to understand but I wonder what these inner automorphism really do in abstract Lie algebra, especially when we are talking about Lie algebra ? In Lie ...
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2answers
135 views

Multiplication in universal enveloping algebra in terms of PBW isomorphism

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a Lie algebra. Consider the multiplication map $m:\mathfrak g\otimes U(\mathfrak g)\to U(\mathfrak g)$ and $i:S(\mathfrak g)\to U(\mathfrak g)$ -- Poincare-Birkhoff-Witt ...
5
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2answers
147 views

Cartan subspaces for general algebraic representations

So I feel like asking the following likely open-ended question: What good generalizations of the notion of Cartan subspace do we have? To be precise, let $G\curvearrowright V$ be an algebraic ...
6
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0answers
166 views

Is there an explicit construction of Tate-Beilinson residue?

Background: Tate's construction of abstract residues is generalized in Beilinson's constructon as follows: Let $E$ be a unital, cubically decomposed $k$-algebra, i.e., (a) there are two sided ideals $...
3
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1answer
117 views

Isomorphisms between extension group and $\mathfrak{u}$-cohomology

Let $\mathcal{O}^{\mathfrak{p}}$ be a parabolic subcategory (see, Humphrey's BGG's Ch.9) of the BGG category $\mathcal{O}$ (w.r.t the Cartan $\mathfrak{h}$ and Borel $\mathfrak{b}$) over a finite-...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

Realization of irreducible $\mathfrak{S}_d$-modules and the representation theory of Lie algebra

Let $n$ be a positive integer. It is well-known that a method to realize irreducible $\mathfrak{S}_d$-modules is to construct the so-called Specht modules $S^{\mu}$ which are submodules in the so-...
5
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1answer
204 views

Motivating the existence of Canonical Bases for Representations

In Representation Theory, the theme of the existence of a canonical basis has been explored quite a lot. I will limit myself in this question to the kind of canonical bases that arise from the ...
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5answers
2k views

Matrix representation for $F_4$

Has anyone ever bothered to write down the 26-dimensional fundamental representation of $F_4$? I wouldn't mind looking at it. Is it in $\mathfrak{so}(26)$? I'm familiar with the construction of the ...
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443 views

Local proof of Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch theorem

There is a theorem by Feigin and Tsygan(Theorem 1.3.3 here) which they call "Riemann-Roch" theorem. Given a smooth morphism $f:S\to N$ of relative dimension $n$ and a vector bundle $E/S$ of rank $k$ ...
15
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1answer
1k views

Modern reference for maximal connected subgroups of compact Lie groups

What's the nicest place to see a list of the maximal connected subgroups of compact Lie groups? Is there anything on-line? I looked at Tits' Bourbaki talk on Dynkin's and others' work, but he admits ...
4
votes
2answers
223 views

A finiteness property for semi-simple algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over a field $K$, I am considering a question about whether there exists a finite set of semi-simple $K$-subgroups, say $H_1,...,H_r$, such that for any semi-...
4
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0answers
183 views

A soft question on Gauge Equivalence in Integrable Systems

I have a question about two well-known spectral problems in Integrable Systems. These are the Dirac and the ZS-AKNS spectral problems. They are are known to be gauge equivalent (please see equations (...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

(Co-) Homology of free nilpotent Lie Algebras

What is actually known about the (co-) homology of free nilpotent Lie Algebras over $\mathbb{C}$ and coefficients also in $\mathbb{C}$? I.e. the nilpotent Lie Algebras that one gets by a quotient of a ...
6
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1answer
684 views

Nilpotent matrices related to Lie algebras of special orthogonal groups in characteristic 0

In terms of matrix theory, the question I'm led to is the following: Start with an $n$-dimensional vector space over an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0 such as $\mathbb{C}$, which has ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Are singular critical points isolated for control systems on compact semisimple Lie groups

Given a control system on $\mathrm{SU}(n)$ (or any other compact, semi-simple Lie group I suspect) of the form: $\frac{d U_t}{dt} = (A + w(t)B)U_t$ where $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$ generate the ...
5
votes
1answer
340 views

A criterion for orbits of complex reductive group to be closed

I am having some trouble understanding Nakajima's proof of the Kempf-Ness theorem in [1]. At the end (proof of Proposition 3.9(6)), his argument is basically the following: Let $G=K_{\Bbb C}$ be a ...
2
votes
1answer
234 views

The Quasimirs and Casimirs of a Lie algebra

Casimirs are not completely trivial to compute, and somewhat ill defined (if $C_4$ is a quartic casimir and $C_2$ a quadratic, $C_4'=C_4+p*C_2^2+q*C_2$ is another quartic casimir). With generalized ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Vanishing of power of nilpotent operator $\mathrm{ad} \, \;e$ in different characteritics

This question needs some background: (1) In his influential 1959 paper here, Kostant studied the adjoint representation of a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ over $\mathbb{C}$ (which can be ...
5
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1answer
321 views

A Hom-Tensor identity - $\text{Hom}_{R}(P,B)\otimes _SC \cong \text{Hom}_{R}(P,B \otimes_S C) $

let $R,S$ be associative algebras over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\mathcal{C} \subseteq$ $R$-Mod be a full abelain subcategory of $R$-Mod which is the category of $R$-modules. Let $B$ and $C$ be, a $(R,S)$-...
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2answers
424 views

From Weyl groups to Weyl groupoids?

I'm trying to find a framework where the choices in the classical construction of a root system of a semi-simple lie algebra are not needed. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple lie algebra. ...
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49 views

Integrable modules and comodules

Let $G$ be a semisimple Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra. Do we have the following result: $V$ is an integrable $U(\mathfrak{g})$-module if and only if $V$ is a $\mathbb{C}[G]$-comodule? ...
5
votes
1answer
501 views

Finite dimensional Lie algebra with non-degenerate invariant bilinear forms $\Omega_{ab}$

Firstly, my apology to MO experts that I am in a more science/physics background (a PhD). So please feel free refine/modify/comment my language if I have different math accents than yours. From ...
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51 views

Are there nilpotent Manin Triples?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Lie bialgebra and denote by $\mathfrak{d}$ the double of $\mathfrak{g}$, i.e. $\mathfrak{d}$ is a Manin triple. Are there known examples or conditions on $\mathfrak{g}$ for ...
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58 views

Try to understand the relation between Poisson Lie groups and Lie bialgebras

I am trying to understand the relation between Poisson Lie groups and Lie bialgebras. In the book Lectures on quantum groups, Page 20, Theorem 22 says that given a Poisson Lie group, we can construct ...
2
votes
2answers
170 views

Recover Poisson bracket on $C[G]$ using the Lie cobracket $\delta: g \to \Lambda^2 g$

By a theorem of Drinfeld, there is a one to one correspondence between Lie bialgebras and Poisson Lie groups. Therefore given a Lie cobracket $\delta: g \to \Lambda^2 g$, there is a Poisson bracket on ...
2
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1answer
79 views

Projections of orbifolds

A while back I came across orbifolds, in particular the quotients $SU(2)/U(1)\cong S^2$, $SU(3)/(SU(2)\times U(1)\cong \mathbb{C}P^2$ and $SU(3)/(U(1)\times U(1))$. The way I needed them, was as an ...
30
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1answer
887 views

Roadmap to Geometric Representation Theory (leading to Langlands)?

I believe there has been at least one question similar to this one and yet I still think this particular question deserves to have a thread of its own. I'm becoming increasingly fascinated by stuff ...
6
votes
2answers
193 views

“Diagonalizing” Littlewood-Richardson coefficients

Let's consider the Littlewood-Richardson coefficients $c^{\lambda}_{\mu \nu}$ so that \begin{equation} V_\mu \otimes V_\nu = \bigoplus_\lambda V_\lambda^{\oplus c^{\lambda}_{\mu \nu}} \end{equation} ...