**4**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### How many commuting nilpotent matrices are there?

To be precise, fix $n$, fix a field $k$.
What is the maximal dimension of a subspace of the vector space of all $n\times n$ matrices formed by commutative nilpotent matrices? By commutative I mean ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

723 views

### Goin' with the flow with Kummer and Pascal: Combinatorics and geometry underlying the logarithm of the derivative operator

In a MO-Q111165 and associated MSE-Q125343, I present a pair of raising / lowering (creation / annihilation) operators $R_x = log(D)$ and $L_x = -x·D$ with $D=d/dx$ (for a sequence of functions ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

170 views

### Are two distinct Weyl chambers always disjoint?

Let $G$ be a real semisimple Lie group; we suppose $G$ is connected and centerless. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra, $\mathfrak{a}$ a Cartan subspace of $\mathfrak{g}$ (i. e. a maximal abelian ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### The centralizer of Lienard equation

Consider the lienard vector field $\cases{
x'=y -F(x) \\
y'=-x }
$ in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$, where $F$ is a polynomial fuction with $F(0)=0$. Assume that $Y$ is a smooth vector field globally defined ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

965 views

### Invariants for the exceptional complex simple Lie algebra $F_4$

This is an edited version of the original question taking into account the comments below by Bruce. The original formulation was imprecise.
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ denote a complex simple Lie algebra of ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

111 views

### Lie group about the quantum harmonic oscillator [closed]

We konw that in quantum harmonic oscillator $H=a^\dagger a$, $a^\dagger$, $a$, $1$ will span a Lie algebra, where $a, a^\dagger$ is annihilation and creation operator, $H$ is the Hamiltonian operator. ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### Cohomological Proof of Serre Relations for a Symmetrizable Kac-Moody Algebra

In 'Infinite Dimensional Lie Algebras, 3rd edition', Kac mentions at the top of p. 170 that 'a simple cohomological proof of Theorem 9.11 was found by O. Mathieu (unpublished)'.
Does anyone know how ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Explicit calculation of module of derivations on noncommutative polynomial ring

Let $R$ be a commutative unital associative ring and set $R<x,y>$ to be the $R$-algebra of non-commuting polynomials in two variables over $R$.
Explicitly how would one go about computing ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Is there a generalization of niradicals in Lie algebras?

This is a follow-up question to Which nilpotent Lie algebras appear as nilradicals of parabolic subalgabras?.
I was wondering if one can somehow invert the question above in the sense that we do not ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

126 views

### adjoint action of a Levi subalgebra

We work over an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0.
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a reductive Lie algebra and let $\mathfrak{p}\supset\mathfrak{m}$ be a parabolic subalgebra, respectively a Levi ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

64 views

### Decomposition of a representation of SU(N) into representations of SU(N-1)

Let $\omega_k$ be the highest weight of the $k$-th antisymmetric representation of $\mathfrak{su}(N)$. Consider an irreducible representation of $\mathfrak{su}(N)$, characterized by its highest ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Action of automorphism group on Lie algebra [closed]

I want to know whether an automorphism group of a simple Lie algebra over $GF(2)$, acts transitively on non-zero elements of Lie algebra or not? How can I check this property?

**2**

votes

**2**answers

221 views

### Generalizations of Lie algebras

I often stumble over the term "Lie superalgebra" (= "Lie algebra with a $\mathbb{Z}_2$ grading"). Obvious question: What about $\mathbb{Z}_3$ grading (and so on)? Is a Lie algebra with $\mathbb{Z}_n$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### homogeneous algebras

Let A be a finite dimensional algebra over finite field (not necessarily associative). Then A is said to be homogeneous if Aut(A) acts transitively on the one-dimensional subspace of A. If A is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

150 views

### labeling state vectors in representation space of a simple lie algebra

Given a simple lie algebra (over ${\mathbb C}$ or ${\mathbb R}$). What is the number
of operators such that their eigenvalues sufficiently label all state vectors in the algebra's representation ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

278 views

### Which nilpotent Lie algebras appear as nilradicals of parabolic subalgabras?

I am interested to identify (ideally classify) nilpotent Lie algebras that occur as nilradicals of parabolic subalgebras in (say) reductive Lie algebras.
For example, all Heisenberg Lie algebras ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Comparison of two infinite dimensional Lie Algebras

Is there an example of a real analytic (compact) manifold $M$ such that the following two lie algebras are isomorphic Lie algebras:
$\chi^{\infty}(M)$, the Lie algebra of all smooth vector ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

414 views

### Para-Complexification of Lie Groups

Let $G$ be a real Lie group. Then the complexification $G_\mathbb{C}$ of $G$ is the unique complex Lie group equipped with a map $φ:G\to G_\mathbb{C}$ such that any map $G\to H$ where $H$ is a
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

127 views

### Dimension of the nilpotent centralizer of a nilpotent matrix

Fix a natural number $n$ and an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{gl}_n(k)$. For any partition of $n$, $\lambda=(\lambda_1,\ldots,\lambda_r)$, let $A_{\lambda}$ be the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

39 views

### A canonical map Aut$_{\mathsf{Lie}_R}(\mathfrak{n} \rtimes_\pi \mathfrak{g}) \to$ Aut$_{\mathsf{Lie}_R}(\mathfrak{n})$

Let $\mathfrak{n}$, $\mathfrak{g} \in \mathsf{Lie}_R$ be two Lie algebras over a commutative ring $R$, s.t. $\mathfrak{g}$ acts on $\mathfrak{n}$ as a derivation: $\pi:\mathfrak{g} \to ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### Lie algebraic Grassmannian

Assume that $L$ is a Lie algebra structure on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$, and $1<k<n$ is given.
We define $Gr(k,n)_{L}$, the space of all $k$ dimensional Lie subalgebra of $(\mathbb{R}^{n}, L)$.
For ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### A mysterious Heisenberg algebra identity from Sylvester, 1867

I am trying to understand two papers by James Joseph Sylvester:
P92: "Note on the properties of the test operators which occur in the calculus of invariants, their derivatives, analogues, and laws of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### A Manifold for which $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ is rich

Is there a manifold $M$ for which $\chi^{\infty} (M)$, the lie algebra of smooth vector fields on $M$ contains all finite dimensional Lie algebras(Up to isomorphism)?
A weaker question:
Is there a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### Subgroups of $GL(n,\mathbb{R})$ which are $Aut(L)$ for some Lie structure

What is a sufficient condition for a lie subgroup $G$ of $GL(n,\mathbb{R})$ to be the automorphism group of a Lie structure on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. In particular does $O(n)$ satisfies this property?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

145 views

### The set of leaves of the distribution $D$ on coadjoint orbit $O_{\mu}$

Let $G$ be a compact connected Lie group and $O_{\mu}$ be a coadjoint orbit where $\mu\in \mathfrak{g}^*$ and $\mathfrak{g}^*$ is the dual of the Lie algebra of $\mathfrak{g}=\mathrm{Lie}(G)$. Let ...

**16**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Pythagorean 5-tuples

What is the solution of the equation $x^2+y^2+z^2+t^2=w^2$ in polynomials over C ("Pythagorean 5-tuples")?
There are simple formulas describing Pythagorean n-tuples for n=3,4,6:
n=3. The formula ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Root space decomposition

What is the root system for the special unitary lie algebra $\mathfrak{su}(p, q)$. Remind that these are matrices of the form
$\left(
\begin{array}{cc}
X & Y \\
\overline{Y}^t & Z ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Reference to definition of matrix log with domain SO(3) which is Borel measurable

I was trying to set up an inverse to matrix exponential $\exp:\mathrm{Skew}(3\times 3)\to SO(3)$ that "covers" the biggest possible domain and is Borel measurable. I was wondering if there is a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### (Graded) Lie algebras with “nice” irreps

"(The only Lie algebras for which) all finite-dimensional representations are completely reducible (are the semisimple Lie algebras)" (Chapman, here on MO). Evidently this can't no longer hold when ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

248 views

### Are maximal connected semisimple subgroups automatically closed?

(Yet another question in a series demonstrating my rather embarrassing ignorance of standard Lie theory... I hope this is not too basic for MO!)
To be a little more precise: let $G$ be a real ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

141 views

### Replacing the Lie commutator with something else [closed]

Take a vector space $V={A,B,C,...}$ (of matrices), and the commutator $[A,B]=AB-BA$, then a Lie algebra of $V$ is characterized by $[V,V]$ staying in $V$. (Loosely speaking.)
What happens ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### On Eigenvalues of the symmetric linear transformation related to a lie algebra's representation?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a quadratic (finite dimensional) lie algebra and $\rho:\mathfrak{g}\rightarrow \mathfrak{gl}(W)$ be an anti-symmetric representation of $\mathfrak{g}$ on a finite dimensional ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

136 views

### Mathematica package for Lie algebra computations?

I am interested in performing Lie algebra computations in Mathematica. I did a bit of searching and found several packages (LieART, KILLING, SuperLie, maybe more), and wondered if anyone would ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

364 views

### Dense subgroups of Lie Groups

SETUP: Let $G$ be a connected Lie group, and $H\subset G$ be a FINITELY GENERATED dense subgroup.
I am interested in knowing what kind of information one can infer on the complexity of $H$.
I am ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

167 views

### Heisenberg subalgebras of affine Lie algebras

It seems to be "well-known" that (infinite-dimensional) Heisenberg subalgebras of an affine Lie algebra $\hat{\mathfrak{g}}$ corresponding to a finite-dimensional simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

39 views

### Analytic vectors of elliptic elements of the enveloping algebra in a strongly continuous representation of a Lie group

Let $G$ be a semi-simple real Lie group, and $\rho$ a strongly continuous unitary representation of $G$ in a Hilbert space $H$. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra and $d\rho$ be the infinitesimal ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### What is a pure algebraic interpretation for this dynamical property?

According to comments of Yves Cornulier to the previous version of this question I revise the question as follows:
To what extent the following types of Lie algebras $A$ are classified? And what is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Adjoint orbit of two vectors

Let $G$ be a simple compact real Lie group and let $\mathfrak g$ be its Lie algebra. Let $u,v\in \mathfrak g$ be two distinct unit vectors and $H\subset \mathfrak g$ be a hyperplane with normal vector ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

181 views

### Finding the 2nd homotopy group $\pi_2(G^\mathbb{C}/P)$

Let $G$ be a compact connected and simply connected Lie group and $G^\mathbb{C}$ be the complexification of Lie group (with is diffeomorphic with $G^\mathbb{C}\cong T^*G$) then I am looking for ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

820 views

### Simple Lie algebras and Jordan decomposition

Let $F$ be an algebraically closed field and let $L$ be a simple Lie algebra of dimension $n$ over $F$. Let $ad: L\longrightarrow End_F(L)$ denote the adjoint representation of $L$. If $F$ has ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### “Unicolor” irreps (R is in RxR)

If $R$ occurs in the Clebsch-Gordan series $R\bigotimes{R}$, I call an irrep $R$ of a Lie algebra "unicolor" - for the obvious reason that you can color any cubic graph with $R$ only and get (at least ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Examples of divisible Lie algebras

We say that a nonzero Lie algebra $L$ is divisible, if for all elements $a$ and $b$ with $a\neq 0$, there exists $x\in L$ such that $[a, x]=b$. What are examples of divisible Lie algebras?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

120 views

### Each coadjoint orbit of a compact connected Lie group $G$ admits a $G$-invariant generalized complex structure

I am looking for a proof or counterexample for following assertion
Each coadjoint orbit of a compact connected Lie group $G$ admits
a $G$-invariant generalized complex structure (In sense of ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

209 views

### Summary of Lie-Algebra integration tactics

If this is in the scope of MO, I would like to gather here the known tactics of
Lie algebra integration, since it appear surprisingly hard to find such a
compendium, library or any other kind of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### Is Nijenhuis–Richardson bracket a BV bracket?

Let $g$ be a finite dimensional Lie algebra, and let me denote $A=(\bigwedge g^* \otimes g, d)$ the Chevalley-Eilenberg complex that calculates cohomology of the Lie algebra with coefficients in the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Physical relevance of either fundamental identity generalizing Jacobi [closed]

There are two fundamental identities for n-ary generalizations of the Jacobi identity.
One fundamental identity is right for Nambu mechanics and such, the other for L_\infty algebras as in CSFT.
Which ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

226 views

### Injectivity of Lie group exponential function

If $G$ is a (finite-dimensional) Lie group, then the exponential function $\exp\colon\mathfrak{g}\to G$ is injective on some identity neighbourhood. If, moreover, $\mathfrak{g}$ is semi-simple and ...

**15**

votes

**17**answers

7k views

### Learning about Lie groups

Can someone suggest a good book for teaching myself about Lie groups? I study algebraic geometry and commutative algebra, and I like lots of examples. Thanks.

**0**

votes

**2**answers

159 views

### A question on Lie algebras

To what extent, the following types of Lie algebras are classified :
Those Lie algebras $L$ such that every Lie Group $G$ with $Li(G)\sim L$, is necessarily compact.

**6**

votes

**1**answer

288 views

### Origin of symbols used for half-sum of positive roots in Lie theory?

The Weyl character formula is a central result in the finite dimensional representation theory of semisimple Lie groups, algebraic groups, Lie algebras. Related questions on MO include these here ...