Lie algebras are algebraic structures which were introduced to study the concept of infinitesimal transformations. The term "Lie algebra" (after Sophus Lie) was introduced by Hermann Weyl in the 1930s. In older texts, the name "infinitesimal group" is used. Related mathematical concepts include Lie ...

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3
votes
1answer
71 views

Lie subalgebra of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ of codimension one

Assume that $M$ is a manifold.Is there a Lie subalgebra of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$, the space of smooth vector fields on $M$, whose codimension is equal to one?
6
votes
1answer
85 views

Chevalley restriction theorem for non-split Cartan

Let $G$ be a reductive group over a field $k$ with maximal torus $H$. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ and $\mathfrak{h}$ denote the corresponding Lie algebra. If $k$ is algebraically closed, we have a theorem of ...
4
votes
1answer
184 views

Is the assignment of a root system to a complex semisimple Lie algebra functorial?

As described here, we have a category of root systems, where a morphism from a root system $\Phi$ in a Euclidean space $E$ to a root system $\Phi'$ in $E'$ is given by a linear map $f: E \to E'$ such ...
10
votes
1answer
539 views

Construction of the Lie functor: left vs. right invariant vector fields on Lie groups and Lie groupoids

When constructing the Lie algebra $L(G)$ of a Lie group $G$, one usually uses the identification of the tangent space $T_1 G$ with left invariant vector fields $\mathcal{V}^l(G)$ to construct the Lie ...
3
votes
1answer
190 views
+50

Lie algebra of invariant polynomials or invariant smooth functions

Is there a symplectic structure on $M_{2n}(\mathbb{R})$, not necessarily with constant coefficients, such that the space of smooth invariant functions, those smooth functions $f:M_{2n}(\mathbb{...
17
votes
0answers
282 views

Follow-up to Steinberg's problem (12) in his 1966 ICM talk?

Steinberg's lecture at the 1966 ICM in Moscow here surveyed his work on regular elements of semisimple algebraic groups, while also formulating a number of then-open questions as "problems" (with ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Sum of Young symmetrisers of a given shape

Preliminaries and notation: Let $n\in \mathbb{Z}_{>0}$ and $\lambda=(\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\dots,\lambda_s)\vdash n$ be a partition. Given a Young diagram of shape $\lambda$, we can associate it ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

“Nice” basis for highest-weight irreducible module of a simple Lie algebra

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a simple complex Lie algebra, $\mathfrak{h}$ a Cartan subalgebra, $\Phi \subset \mathfrak{h}^*$ the associated root system, $\Sigma = \{\sigma_i : i\in I\}$ a basis of simple ...
-2
votes
0answers
36 views

Irreducible modules of dimension $\leq d$ is finite [migrated]

Let $L$ be a finite dimensional semisimple Lie algebra and $V(\lambda)$ denote the unique irreducible (upto isomorphism of $L$ modules) standard cyclic module of highest weight $\lambda$.For each $p\...
3
votes
1answer
216 views

Irreducible representations containing simple actions of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$

Let $G$ be a complex semisimple Lie group and let $\rho: G \longrightarrow \mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$ be a faithful irreducible representation of $G$ with $n \geq 3$. Suppose that $G$ contains a copy ...
10
votes
1answer
273 views

Uncle of Witt algebra

A Witt algebra W is an infinite-dimensional Lie-algebra defined by the generator relations: W: $[L_{j},L_{k}]:=(j-k)\cdot L_{j+k}$ And my first thought was: What about the analogous algebra defined by ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

What is known about the morphism $H^*_{Lie}(L,L)\to H^*_{Lie}(L,UL)$ induced by $L\hookrightarrow UL$

Let $L$ be a (differential) graded Lie algebra over a field $k$ of characteristic 0, and let $UL$ be the universal enveloping algebra of $L$. The inclusion $L\hookrightarrow UL$ induces a morphism of ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Explicit generators of the Lie algebra $spin(9)$

It is well known that the Lie group $Spin(9)$ acts on the vector space $\mathbb{R}^{16}$ (see e.g. Harvey's book "Spinors and calibrations".) It is convenient to identify this vector space with the ...
5
votes
0answers
185 views

Reconstructing a nilpotent Lie algebra from its cohomology with $A_{\infty}$-structure

Let $L$ be a nilpotent Lie algebra (over a field of char 0) and $CE^{\bullet}(L)$ be its Chevalley-Eilenberg dg-algebra. By homotopy transfer, there exists a structure of an $A_{\infty}$-algebra on ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Vanishing of power of nilpotent operator $\mathrm{ad} \, \;e$ in different characteritics

This question needs some background: (1) In his influential 1959 paper here, Kostant studied the adjoint representation of a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ over $\mathbb{C}$ (which can be ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Bounded operators $T: B(H)\to H$ whose Kernel is a Lie algebra

Assume that $H$ is an infinite dimensional Hilbert space.The space of all bounded operators on $H$ is denoted by $B(H)$.We consider the Lie algebra structure $[T,S]=TS-ST$ on $B(H)$. Is there a ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Isomorphisms between extension group and $\mathfrak{u}$-cohomology

Let $\mathcal{O}^{\mathfrak{p}}$ be a parabolic subcategory (see, Humphrey's BGG's Ch.9) of the BGG category $\mathcal{O}$ (w.r.t the Cartan $\mathfrak{h}$ and Borel $\mathfrak{b}$) over a finite-...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Generating $\mathfrak{so}(7)$

Short version: Let $V$ be a 7-dimensional linear space of (real) square matrices. Suppose further that $[V,V]$ (the linear space spanned $[X,Y]$, $X,Y\in V$) is actually a subalgebra isomorphic to $\...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Comodules of the $B,C$ and $D$ series quantum groups

In Section 11.5 of Klimyk and Schmudgen's book on quantum groups, explicit presentations of the isomorphism classes of comodules of ${\cal O}(GL_q(N))$ are given in terms of its "quantum minors". In ...
6
votes
1answer
97 views

Involutions and Little Adjoint Representations of Simple Algebras

In what follows I'm going to use $V_{\theta_s}$ for the little adjoint representation af a Lie algebra i.e. the representation associated with the highest short rooth $\theta_s$. Is easy to see that ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Hamiltonian potential invariant under lie group action?

Let $(M,g)$ be a riemannian manifold and $G$ a Lie group acting on $M$ by isometries. Taking a $G$-invariant function $f\colon M \to \mathbb{R}$, we have the riemannian gradient $\operatorname{grad} ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

$TSU(n)$ completely integrable with 3 $SU(2)$ invariant functions?

Consider the Lie group $SU(n)$ endowed with the standard bi-invariant metric. Then $SU(n)$ can be viewed as a symmetric space of $K_{n,n} := SU(n) \times SU(n)$. Define $M := K_{n,n} /SU(n)$. Using ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Exterior derivative on principal bundle [closed]

In Nakahara's Geometry, Topology and Physics on page 375, he constructs a Lie-algebra-valued one-form $\omega$ on a principal bundle $P$ by "lifting" a Lie-algebra-valued one-form $\mathcal A_i$ on an ...
4
votes
2answers
209 views

Invariant theory for parabolics

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over $\mathbb{C}$ of (reductive) rank $\ell$. Let $P$ be a parabolic of $G$ and let $P=LN$ denote the Levi decomposition. Let $\mathfrak{g}, \mathfrak{p}, \...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Symplectic gradients whose span doesn't intersect Lie group orbits

I asked a similar question some hours ago. But thinking about my problem, I found a loophole in my arguments, so that my question wasn't the right one. This one is what I wanted to ask: Let $G$ be a ...
6
votes
2answers
421 views

Socle of tilting modules in the BGG category $\mathcal{O}$ over a semisimple Lie algebra

Suppose that $\mathfrak{g}$ is a finite dimensional, complex, semisimple Lie algebra. Let $\mathcal{O}$ be the BGG category over $\mathfrak{g}$. Tilting module theory play an important role in the ...
2
votes
0answers
185 views

A problem on 2 Lie (co)homology group and central extension

For a perfect Lie algebra $L$ over $C,$ the kernel of its universal central extension is isomorphic to $H_2(L,C),$ and its central extensions are in 1-1 correspondence to $H^2(L,C).$ Question (1): ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Center of affine W-algebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite-dimensional complex simple Lie algebra and $k$ a complex number. Denote by $\hat{\mathfrak{g}}$ the corresponding affine Lie algebra ($\hat{\mathfrak{g}}=\mathfrak{g}((t)...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

slice theorem for proper actions

I'm trying to understand the slice-theorem for proper Lie-group actions. Having a smooth manifold $M$ and a Liegroup $G$ acting on $M$ in a proper way, we have the slice theorem, saying that at each ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Sandwich rule for Lie algebras

On an infinite dimensional vector space an operator can be onto but not one-to-one (and vice versa). This arises the following question. Let $L_1$ and $L_2$ be Lie algebras (infinite dimensional, over ...
6
votes
0answers
113 views

Software for explicit computations in representations of classical Lie algebras

I'm pretty sure many a mathematician has longed for such a tool but I wasn't able to find such a question here, so here we go. Is there, by any chance, an existing package or program that allows one ...
8
votes
2answers
476 views

Quadratic Casimir of fundamental irreps of simply-laced Lie algebras

I have the following question, motivated by the expression for the character of level 1 highest weight integrable representations of simply-laced affine algebras (in terms of the string function). It ...
34
votes
4answers
3k views

What role does the “dual Coxeter number” play in Lie theory (and should it be called the “Kac number”)?

While trying to get some perspective on the extensive literature about highest weight modules for affine Lie algebras relative to "level" (work by Feigin, E. Frenkel, Gaitsgory, Kac, ....), I run into ...
3
votes
0answers
136 views

Invariant functions on the dual Lie algebra

Let $G$ be a real Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ the corresponding Lie algebra. Let $\mathfrak{g}^*$ be the dual of the Lie algebra. Then we have the coadjoint action of $G$ on $\mathfrak{g}^*$. ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

A particular Lie algebra $L_{n}$ and (various) lie groups whose Lie algebra is isomorphic to $L_{n}$

We define $$L_{n}=\{A=(a_{ij})\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})\mid \sum_{i=1}^{n} a_{ij}=0 \;\;\;\text{for every fixed j}\}$$ This is a Lie subalgebra of $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$. A dynamic-geometric proof for ...
2
votes
3answers
108 views

How can one show G/T is a coadjoint orbit for G a compact lie group and T it's maximal torus

Let $G$ be a compact lie group and $g$ it's lie algebra. I came across the the very important result that $G/T$ ($T$ a maximal torus of $G$) is a coadjoint orbit. However it is not at all clear to me ...
5
votes
1answer
164 views

The action of $GL_{\infty}$ on the infinite wedge space

This is a question from the book "Highest weight representations of infinite dimensional Lie algebras, 2nd ed" by V. G. Kac, A. K. Raina, and N. Rozhkovskaya. Consider the following objects: the ...
-1
votes
1answer
127 views

Crystal basis for quantum groups and Lie algebras

Lie $g$ be a finite dimensional complex simple Lie algebra and $U_q(g)$ the corresponding quantum group, where $q$ is not a root of unity. Every simple finite dimensional $g$-module is of the form $V(\...
1
vote
0answers
126 views

What inner autmorphism really do in abstract algebra? [closed]

The definition of inner automorphism is easy to understand but I wonder what these inner automorphism really do in abstract Lie algebra, especially when we are talking about Lie algebra ? In Lie ...
5
votes
2answers
136 views

Multiplication in universal enveloping algebra in terms of PBW isomorphism

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a Lie algebra. Consider the multiplication map $m:\mathfrak g\otimes U(\mathfrak g)\to U(\mathfrak g)$ and $i:S(\mathfrak g)\to U(\mathfrak g)$ -- Poincare-Birkhoff-Witt ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

Cartan subspaces for general algebraic representations

So I feel like asking the following likely open-ended question: What good generalizations of the notion of Cartan subspace do we have? To be precise, let $G\curvearrowright V$ be an algebraic ...
6
votes
0answers
168 views

Is there an explicit construction of Tate-Beilinson residue?

Background: Tate's construction of abstract residues is generalized in Beilinson's constructon as follows: Let $E$ be a unital, cubically decomposed $k$-algebra, i.e., (a) there are two sided ideals $...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

Realization of irreducible $\mathfrak{S}_d$-modules and the representation theory of Lie algebra

Let $n$ be a positive integer. It is well-known that a method to realize irreducible $\mathfrak{S}_d$-modules is to construct the so-called Specht modules $S^{\mu}$ which are submodules in the so-...
5
votes
1answer
227 views

Motivating the existence of Canonical Bases for Representations

In Representation Theory, the theme of the existence of a canonical basis has been explored quite a lot. I will limit myself in this question to the kind of canonical bases that arise from the ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

Matrix representation for $F_4$

Has anyone ever bothered to write down the 26-dimensional fundamental representation of $F_4$? I wouldn't mind looking at it. Is it in $\mathfrak{so}(26)$? I'm familiar with the construction of the ...
10
votes
0answers
460 views

Local proof of Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch theorem

There is a theorem by Feigin and Tsygan(Theorem 1.3.3 here) which they call "Riemann-Roch" theorem. Given a smooth morphism $f:S\to N$ of relative dimension $n$ and a vector bundle $E/S$ of rank $k$ ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

Modern reference for maximal connected subgroups of compact Lie groups

What's the nicest place to see a list of the maximal connected subgroups of compact Lie groups? Is there anything on-line? I looked at Tits' Bourbaki talk on Dynkin's and others' work, but he admits ...
4
votes
2answers
226 views

A finiteness property for semi-simple algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over a field $K$, I am considering a question about whether there exists a finite set of semi-simple $K$-subgroups, say $H_1,...,H_r$, such that for any semi-...
4
votes
0answers
187 views

A soft question on Gauge Equivalence in Integrable Systems

I have a question about two well-known spectral problems in Integrable Systems. These are the Dirac and the ZS-AKNS spectral problems. They are are known to be gauge equivalent (please see equations (...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

(Co-) Homology of free nilpotent Lie Algebras

What is actually known about the (co-) homology of free nilpotent Lie Algebras over $\mathbb{C}$ and coefficients also in $\mathbb{C}$? I.e. the nilpotent Lie Algebras that one gets by a quotient of a ...