**22**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Nice proofs of the Poincaré–Birkhoff–Witt theorem

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite-dimensional Lie algebra with an ordered basis $x_1 < x_2 < ... < x_n$.
We define the universal enveloping algebra $U(\mathfrak{g})$ of $\mathfrak{g}$ to be the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

615 views

### list of Hall basis

Anyone know a place where the standard Hall basis is listed up to at lest
5 fold brackets?
and for gradedLie algebras?
The rules are clear but I'd rather not turn the crank myself.
Google search did ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### A converse to Whitehead's Second Lemma (and more)

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$ and let $\mathfrak{h}$ be a finite dimensional $k$-Lie algebra. I'm interested in knowing which (Lie algebraic) properties $\mathfrak{h}$ ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Subquotients of Jantzen Filtration for Kac-Moody algebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a complex symmetrizable Kac-Moody algebra, with triangular decomposition $\mathfrak{n}^- \oplus \mathfrak{h} \oplus \mathfrak{n}^+$. Let $\lambda \in \mathfrak{h}^*$, and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Generalized Gaussian Decomposition

Let $G$ be a connected complex semisimple Lie group. Let $H$ be a maximal torus of $G$, let $W$ be the Weyl group of $G$, and let $N_\pm$ be a pair of opposite maximal unipotent subgroups. For each ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Affine analog of the theory of sheets

In the study of adjoint orbits in a complex semi-simple lie algebra, there is a well known object known as a "sheet". These are the irreducible components of the union of orbits of the same dimension. ...

**16**

votes

**5**answers

521 views

### Is there a formula for the Frobenius-Schur indicator of a rep of a Lie group?

Let $G$ be a simple algebraic group group over $\mathbb C$.
Let $V$ be a self-dual representation of $G$.
Let $\lambda$ be the highest weight of $V$.
Write $\lambda$ as a sum of fundamental weights: ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

142 views

### References about Hasse diagrams of root systems

This is to ask about references of Hasse diagrams of irreducible root systems. I found here and there nice pictures of root systems of type $E$. I would like to ask for Hasse diagrams of classical ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### Intuition for the Cartan connection and “rolling without slipping” in Cartan geometry

Consider a Cartan geometry $\pi: \mathcal{G} \to M$ with Cartan connection $\omega$ modelled on the Klein geometry $(G, H)$.
The Cartan connection is supposed to formalize what it means to "roll ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Extra-Lorentzian Kac-Moody algebras

My question is about Kac-Moody (KM) algebras of finite rank with symmetrized Cartan matrices $B = C A$ ($A$ is Cartan matrix) of signatures $(-,-,+,...,+)$, $(-,-,-,+,...,+)$, etc. i.e. with ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

227 views

### Fundamental invariants for root subsystems

Let $\Phi$ be an irreducible root system of rank $\ell$. The fundamental invariants of $\Phi$ is a set of $\ell$ integers $d_1, \cdots, d_\ell$ canonically attached to $\Phi$.
Now suppose $\Psi$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Maximal possible dimension of abelian Lie subalgebra of Heisenberg Lie algebra of dimension $2n+1$? [closed]

Fix $n \in \mathbb{N}$, and let $\mathfrak{h}_n$ denote the Heisenberg Lie algebra of dimension $2n+1$ (over any given field $k$). Namely, $\mathfrak{h}_n$ is the Lie algebra with basis $x_1, \dots, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Lie functor preserves “surjections” in synthetic differential geometry?

In classical finite-dimensional differential geometry, the Lie functor preserves surjections, sending a surjective Lie group homomorphism to a surjective Lie algebra homomorphism.
As pointed out ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### The parity of the full automorphism group order of finite non-abelian groups of prime exponent

Is there a finite non-abelian group $G$ of prime exponent such that the full automorphism group of $G$ is of odd order?

**69**

votes

**13**answers

17k views

### why study Lie algebras?

I don't mean to be rude asking this question, I know that the theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras is a very deep one, very aesthetic and that has broad applications in various areas of mathematics ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Tensor products of simple modules over algebras [closed]

Let $A$ and $B$ be $\mathbb{C}$-algebras. Suppose that $M$ and $N$ are respectively simple $A$ and $B$ modules.
We can regard $M\otimes_{\mathbb C}N$ as $A\otimes_{\mathbb C} B$-modules in natural ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

128 views

### del Pezzo surfaces and exceptional algebras

It is well-known that $H^2(dP_n, Z)$ for a del Pezzo surface of degree $9-n$ which is $\mathbb{P}^2$ blown up at $n$ generic points, is encoded by the exceptional Lie algebra $E_n$. However, the Mori ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

212 views

### Soliton equation and non-killing potential vector field

I am searching for a non-Killing vector field $\zeta \in\frak X\rm (M)$ where $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold such that
$$\frac12 \frak L_\zeta \rm g+Ric=\lambda g$$
$$ \frak L_\zeta \rm Ric=\lambda ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

389 views

### Why is the trace of the Casimir on the irrep of a semisimple algebra nonzero?

A crucial step in the "purely algebraic" proof of Weyl's semisimplicity theorem is that the Casimir element $C\in U\mathfrak{g}$ acts by nonzero scalars on a nontrivial irrep $V$. However, at least ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### The action of $GL_{\infty}$ on the infinite wedge space

This is a question from the book "Highest weight representations of infinite dimensional Lie algebras, 2nd ed" by V. G. Kac, A. K. Raina, and N. Rozhkovskaya.
Consider the following objects:
the ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

5k views

### Outer automorphisms of simple Lie Algebras

There is, of course, a complete classification for simple complex Lie algebras. Is there a good reference which lists the group of outer automorphisms for each?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### Are singular critical points isolated for control systems on comapct semi-simple Lie groups

Given a control system on $SU(n)$ (or any other compact, semi-simple Lie group I suspect) of the form:
$\frac{d U_t}{dt} = (A + w(t)B)U_t$
where $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$ generate the algebra (to ...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

485 views

### Lie groups vs Lie monoids

Does there exist a well developed theory of a class of objects which might rightfully be called Lie monoids? By this I mean with axioms similar to those of Lie grousp but with the axiomatic existence ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

121 views

### Relationship between the Lie functor applied to a Lie group action, and the fundamental vector field mapping?

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold, and $G$ a Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. The Lie algebra of the diffeomorphism group of $M$ is the Lie algebra of vector fields on $M$; that is ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

453 views

### factorization of the regular representation of the symmetric group

Let $\mathbb{C}[S_n]$ be the regular representation of the symmetric group $S_n$, and let $\mathbb{C}^n$ be the vector representation.
Question: Does there exist a representation $V$ (of dimension ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Ideals of $U(\mathrm{gl}(n,\mathbb{C}))$ and their intersection with center

Does every non-null two-sided ideal of $U(\mathrm{gl}(n,\mathbb{C}))$ have nonzero intersection with the center of $U$?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

49 views

### Authomorphisms of factoralgebra A_5 over its center in characteristic 2

Let L be classical Lie algebra of type A_5 over field of characteristic 2, M - factoralgebra L/Z(L) where Z(L) - center of L.
What about group of automorphisms of M?
Does anybody know answer or at ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Poincaré inequality for connected Lie groups

Let $G$ be a compactly generated second countable locally compact group, and let $\mu$ be a probability measure which is:
symmetric,
adapted (in the sense that there is no proper subgroup $H$ such ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Euler-Poincaré equations with constraints

It is well known that the stationary curves (say $\Xi(t)$) of a regular Lagrangian $\mathcal{L}$ on a compact, semi-simple Lie group $G$ have the property that $\xi(t) = \frac{d \Xi(t)}{dt} ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

249 views

### The geometry of the holomorph of a Lie group

Every Lie group $G$ is naturally contained in its holomorph Hol($G$) = $G \rtimes $ Aut($G$)
Is Hol$(G)$ always a Lie group?
If the answer is yes our main questions:
1.For a left ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### Does the normal ordered product on differential operators lift to $U\left(\mathfrak{gl}_n\right)$?

Let $n\in\mathbb N$. Let $k$ be a commutative ring in which $1,2,3,\ldots$ are invertible. Let $\Omega$ denote the $k$-algebra of polynomial differential operators on $n$ variables $x_1$, $x_2$, ..., ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

140 views

### Commutator 2-forms on Lie groups

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $\mathfrak g$ its Lie algebra.
For any $f$ in the dual space $\mathfrak g^*$, we can define a skew-symmetric bi-linear form on $\mathfrak g$ by $(A,B)\mapsto ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Is $F_{f, c, \ell}$ a $G$-harmonic polynomial?

Let $G \subset \text{GL}_n(\mathbb{C})$ be a finite subgroup. The group $G$ acts naturally on $\mathbb{C}^1[\mathbb{C}^n]$ the space of degree $1$ homogeneous polynomials in $x_1, \dots, x_n$, i..e, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### A particular Lie algebra $L_{n}$ and (various) lie groups whose Lie algebra is isomorphic to $L_{n}$

We define $$L_{n}=\{A=(a_{ij})\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})\mid \sum_{i=1}^{n} a_{ij}=0 \;\;\;\text{for every fixed j}\}$$
This is a Lie subalgebra of $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$.
A dynamic-geometric proof for ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

367 views

### Is the space of polynomial functions on M_n a faithful U(gl_n)-module?

We are over some field $k$ of characteristic $0$. The general linear group $\mathrm{GL}_n$ canonically acts from the left and from the right on the space $\mathrm{M}_n$ of all $n\times n$-matrices, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

89 views

### A question about the associative classes of parabolic subgroups

Let $\mathbb{A}$ denote the adele group of $\mathbb{Q}$. Suppose that $P_1$ and $P_2$ are parabolic subgroups of a reductive algebraic group $G$, and consider their Langlands decomposition
$$
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

304 views

### Mystery behind ADE Dynkin diagram [duplicate]

ADE Dynkin diagram classifies:
finite type quiver (Gabriel's theorem)
du Val singularity (minimal resolution of $\mathbb{C}^2/G$, $G$ is a finite subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{C})$)
simply laced simple ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### The existence of zero-divisors in the universal enveloping algebra of an infinite-dimensional Lie algebra

The intuition for this problem comes from $\S$17 Exercise 1 Humphreys' Introduction to Lie Algebras and Representation Theory which essentially asks us to use PBW in order to prove that if a Lie ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

278 views

### $(L, \nabla)$ comes from a $G$-bundle with connection for some abelian algebraic subgroup $G \subset GL(n)$?

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$. How do I prove, without using transcendental methods, that if $\nabla$ is an integrable connection on a vector bundle $L$ on $A$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### Differential of the adjoint quotient map

My question is regarding a paper by R.W Richardson titled "Derivatives of invariant polynomials on a semisimple Lie Algebra" ** . In this paper, he reports on computations of the rank of the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### Hochschild cohomology of SU(2)

I have a question about the computation of an Hochschild Cohomology. Or at least about a space which really looks like a cohomology space. All the functions i consider are assumed to be smooth.
Let's ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### Constructing symmetric invariants of the exceptional simple Lie algebra as restrictions

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a complex simple Lie algebra with maximal torus $\mathfrak{h}$, Weyl group $W$. The adjoint representation $\operatorname{ad} : \mathfrak{g} \rightarrow \mathfrak{gl(g)}$ extends ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

834 views

### Making D-modules on affine varieties more explicit

This is a follow up to my question about D-modules supported on the nilpotent cone. I got some good answers there but now I have a more basic question.
Consider an affine algebraic variety X, a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

280 views

### A technical question about root systems

I'm studying root systems and coming up with an observation:
Let $\Phi$ be an irreducible root system and $\Phi^+$ be a positive root system. Denote by $\Delta=\{\alpha_1, \alpha_2,\ldots,\alpha_n\}$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

217 views

### Recurrence Formula for Zernike polynomials

I'm not sure if this is research level, so if this result is known, please excuse the intrusion. I am trying to find a relation between solutions of the Laplacian equation in $4$ dimensions and those ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

967 views

### Is the sequence of partition numbers log-concave?

Let $p(n)$ denote the number of partitions of a positive integer $n$. It seems to me that we have for all $n>25$
$$
p(n)^2>p(n-1)p(n+1).
$$
In other words, the sequence $(p(n))_{n\in ...

**42**

votes

**7**answers

7k views

### What is the symbol of a differential operator?

I find Wikipedia's discussion of symbols of differential operators a bit impenetrable, and Google doesn't seem to turn up useful links, so I'm hoping someone can point me to a more pedantic ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Invariant Laurent polynomials under cyclic group action

Start with the cyclic group $G:=\mathbb{Z}/p$ of prime order $p$ and and an integer lattice $P:=\mathbb{Z}^p$. Let $G$ act on $P$ by cyclic permutation of coordinates. There is an induced action on ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

32 views

### Iwasawa decomposition and Non-Abelian Centraliser of A

I'm studying Knapp's book "Representation Theory of Semisimple Groups" and am trying to understand the structure theory of non-compact groups. Namely, let $G=KAN$ be the Iwasawa decomposition, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Length of Weyl group element mapping highest root to a simple root

Let $\Phi$ be an irreducible root system and $\Delta$ a simple system (base). Let $W$ be the Weyl group of $\Phi$. Let $\theta$ be the highest root and $h^\vee$ be the dual Coxeter number. Choose the ...