**3**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Weyl groups of $E_6$ and $E_7$

The Weyl group $W_6$ of the Lie algebra $E_6$ is of order 51840, the automorphism group of the unique simple group of order 25920, while the Weyl group $W_7$ of the Lie algebra $E_7$ is of order ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### symmetrizability of generalised cartan matrix

How to prove a generalized Cartan matrix whose diagram contains no cycles is symmetrizable?
Any hint would be sufficient.
Thanks in Advance.
I asked the same question MSE. Later I thought it is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Questions about the $\mathbf{i}$-trails of Berenstein and Zelevinsky

The $\mathbf{i}$-trails of Berenstein and Zelevinsky was introduced on page 5 (Definition 2.1) in this paper. It is defined as follows. Let $\gamma, \delta \in \mathfrak{h}^*$. Let ${\bf i}=(i_1, ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

796 views

### Hopf algebra structure on the universal enveloping algebra of a Leibniz algebra?

A Leibniz algebra L may be thought of as a noncommutative generalisation of a Lie algebra. One drops the requirement that the bracket be alternating and substitutes the Jacobi identity for the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### Extension of an involutive automorphism

Suppose that $g$ is a complex semi-simple Lie algebra and $g'$ its reductive subalgebra.
If $\tau$ is an involutive automorphism of $g'$, can $\tau$ be extended to an involutive automorphism of $g$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Can we find structure constants of Lie Algebra for Lie Symmetry of ODE without solving determining equations?

Let's consider (for example) one scalar ODE.
We are searching for Lie Symmetries of it.
There is well-known result, that we can find size of Symmetry Group without solving determining equations.
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### What is the relation between spherical principal series representations of a reductive Liegroup and Verma modules for its Lie algebra?

Here is an issue that thoroughly confuses me. I hope I can express it in a way that is clear cut enough for this site.
Let $G$ be a real reductive Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be the complexification ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### Does an arbitrary product of $f$ and $f^\dagger$ belong to a universal enveloping algebra of the Heisenberg algebra? [migrated]

The Heisenberg algebra is essentially the canonical commutation relations (CCR) for bosons $[f,f^\dagger]=1$. $f$ is called an annihilation operator in physics ($f^\dagger$ creation operator). ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

217 views

### Closure relations between Bruhat cells on the flag variety

Given a Lie group $G$ over $\mathbb{C}$ and a Borel subgroup $B$. There is this famous Bruhat decomposition of the flag variety $G/B$.
How do we prove the closure relations between the cells, which ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

307 views

### Reductive Lie Groups and Complexification

Let $G$ be a complex Lie group (not necessarily connected) with reductive Lie algebra $\frak{g}$. (We may assume that $G$ has finitely many connected components and is linear-algebraic.) Of course, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Link between Virasoro algebra and Heisenberg algebra

I'm reading these notes on infinite-dimensional Lie algebras.
On page 5, author defines Heisenberg algebra and shows that certain infinite sums of elements of Heisenberg algebra (I'm being a little ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Inequality for the index of a Lie algebra using its Levi decomposition

The answers to this question indicate that there is a fairly vast literature on the index of Lie algebras. Unfortunately I was not able to find in this literature (or maybe to extract from it) an ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### A problem on about a matrix norm on $\mathfrak{su}(4)$

Given a fixed $B \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$ is it possible to solve for $F$:
$\sigma^{\text{max}}\left(\frac{A}{F(A)} + B \right) = 1$, $\forall A \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$. A theorem in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

70 views

### Conjugacy class of semisimple elements

Let $G$ be a complex simple Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ and $G_1$ be a complex simple subgroup of $G$ with Lie algebra $\mathfrak g_1$. We may assume $G$ and $G_1$ to be of adjoint type. ...

**24**

votes

**11**answers

3k views

### What does the generating function $x/(1 - e^{-x})$ count?

Let $x$ be a formal (or small, since the function is analytic) variable, and consider the power series
$$ A(x) = \frac{x}{1 - e^{-x}} = \sum_{m=0}^\infty \left( -\sum_{n=1}^\infty ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### How can the generators of subalgebra $\mathfrak g^{\sigma}$ of $\sigma$-stable elements be expressed through generators of Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$?

Let $\mathfrak g$ be the semisimple Lie algebra of type $D_{4}$. Let $\sigma$ be the 3-rd order automorphism of $\mathfrak g$ induced by the triality of $D_{4}$:
$$
...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

513 views

### Rigid nilpotent Lie algebras

I am very interested in the Nicola Ciccoli's answer to a question formulated in math*overflow*:67717
My questions are:
Can a nilpotent Lie bracket be rigid in the scheme of Lie brackets on ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

160 views

### How to find the multiplicity of weight in a Verma module?

In particular, let $\mathfrak g$ be the semisimple Lie algebra of type $A_{2}$ et let $\alpha,\beta$ be its simple roots.
How can the multiplicity of weight $-2\alpha -3\beta$ be calculated in the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

590 views

### A question about Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory

Let $G$ ba a compat Lie group and $\frak g$ be its Lie algebra, then by Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory we know that if we take $M=T^*G$ and $J:M\to \frak g^*$ be its moment map then the reduced ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

128 views

### Does the associated Lie algebra determine a group?

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathcal{L}_G(k)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

214 views

### Weyl group of a symmetric space

Let $G/K$ be a symmetric space of a non-compact type, i.e. $G$ is a semi-simple connected Lie group, and $K$ is its maximal compact subgroup. Helgason in his book "Differential geometry and symmetric ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### How are these two ways of thinking about the cross product related?

I was always bothered by the definition of the cross product given in e.g. a calculus course because it's never made clear how one would go about defining the cross product in a coordinate-free ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Injectivity of Rewrite Rule in a Free Lie Algebra

Let $L$ be a free Lie algebra (over $\mathbb{Q}$) on generators $x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_n$, and let $V_k$ be the subspace spanned by the $k$-fold brackets. Let $U_1 = \mathrm{span}\{ x_i | i< ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

84 views

### Reducible reductive Lie subalgebras of so(p,q)

Is it true that $S(O(p) \times O(q))$ is the only proper subgroup of $SO(p,q)$ of full rank acting on the natural representation $\mathbb{R}^{p+q}$ of $SO(p,q)$ that stabilizes a $p$-dimensional ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

262 views

### Testing the faithfulness of group homomorphisms by testing on the level of induced Lie Algebras

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the
lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set
$\mathrm{gr}_k(G)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and
...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

288 views

### Breaking up the free Lie algebra into Gl irreps

The free Lie algebra $L(V)$ generated by an $r$-dimensional vector space $V$ is, in the
language of https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_Lie_algebra ,
the free Lie algebra generated by any choice of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

77 views

### Whitehead's second Lemma and invariants of exterior square

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$ and let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite dimensional semisimple $k$-Lie algebra. By Whitehead's second Lemma, we know that $H^{2}(\mathfrak{g}, ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

374 views

### What is a Homotopy between $L_\infty$-algebra morphisms II

I would like to continue on question I asking, what is a homotopy between
Lie infinity algebras, since I'm not satisfied in two directions:
1.) The naive approach to define a homotopy would be ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### defining generators for Hamilton lie algebra

By definition, the Hamiltonian algebra over $GF(2)$. $$H(2r; n):=\text{span}_F \{D_H(x^α) | α ∈A(m; n), α \neq π\}$$ such that $π=(2^{m_1}-1,...,2^{m_n}-1)$. Now I want to know what happens for ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

144 views

### Understanding lie bracket of simple Lie algebra $W(2)$ [closed]

Please accept my apologies in advance for my simple question.
Let $W(2)$ be a simple Lie algebra over $\mathrm{GF}(2)$. We know that it has a basis with three elements like ${w_1,w_2,w_3}$. I cannot ...

**-2**

votes

**2**answers

162 views

### Any duality between different real forms of a complex Lie group? [closed]

A complex Lie group may have several real forms.
Are there any duality/trinity... between them?
Maybe a trivial question to ask, is $SL(3,\mathbb{C})$ a real form of $SL(3,\mathbb{C})\times ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Irreducible representations of Weyl group of F$_4$ on zero weight spaces?

This is a follow-up to a recent question here concerning the natural representation of a Weyl group $W$ on the zero weight space of an irreducible representation $L(\lambda)$ of highest weight ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Associated graded Lie algebra of braid groups

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathcal{L}_G(k)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

495 views

### Representations of the two dimensional non-abelian Lie algebra

I would like to know a complete description of the indecomposable representations of the two dimensional non-abelian Lie algebra over the complex numbers. The finite dimensional representations would ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Some questions on analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations

I would like to ask a number of questions about the theory of analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations, but before I do so, let me fix the terminology to be used in this ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

53 views

### perfect Lie algebra with a nonabelian solvable radical

Suppose you want to construct a perfect Lie algebra with a nonabelian solvable radical $\mathfrak{r}$, say with a commutator series of length 2. What are the conditions that guarantee the Lie algebra ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

349 views

### Maximal Submodule of a Verma Module

Let $\mathfrak{h}$ be a Cartan subalgebra of a $\mathbb{C}$-semi simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Given $\lambda \in \mathfrak{h}^*$, $M(\lambda)$ the Verma module of highest weight $\lambda$ and ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

202 views

### Nilradical of a Lie algebra associated to a associative algebra

Let $A$ be a finite dimensional (unital) $K$-Algebra. By $A^{\circ}$ we denote the associated $K$-Lie-algebra of $A$ with respect to the product $a\circ b:=ab-ba$. In addition, we denote by ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Generalized weight space

In their paper Lepowsky and Mcmollum sketch theory of weights in a more general setting. Here is their definition of a weight space:
If $A$ is a subset of $\mathfrak g$ and $\lambda$ is a function ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### Fundamental invariants for root subsystems

Let $\Phi$ be an irreducible root system of rank $\ell$. The fundamental invariants of $\Phi$ is a set of $\ell$ integers $d_1, \cdots, d_\ell$ canonically attached to $\Phi$.
Now suppose $\Psi$ is ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

294 views

### Poincare duality for (co)homology of Lie algebras?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $\mathfrak{g}$ a Lie $R$-algebra that has an $R$-module basis with $n$ elements.
In Algebra, Geometry, and Software Systems by Joswig & Takayama on p.200 it ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### Cohomological Proof of Serre Relations for a Symmetrizable Kac-Moody Algebra

In 'Infinite Dimensional Lie Algebras, 3rd edition', Kac mentions at the top of p. 170 that 'a simple cohomological proof of Theorem 9.11 was found by O. Mathieu (unpublished)'.
Does anyone know how ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

202 views

### Generators of invariant polynomials of semisimple Lie algebra

Suppose $\mathfrak{g}$ is a complex semi-simple Lie algebra. By a theorem of Chevalley, we know that $S(\mathfrak{g})^\mathfrak{g}$, i.e. the $\mathfrak{g}$ invariant polynomials, is generated by $l$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

166 views

### When is the Ad (Adjoint Representation) Morphism a Closed Map

Given a Lie group $\mathfrak{G}$ with finite centre and with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, I am looking at a simple proof that negative definite Killing form implies compactness. This proof is given ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Cohomology of Lie groups and Lie algebras

The length of this question has got a little bit out of hand. I apologize.
Basically, this is a question about the relationship between the cohomology of Lie groups and Lie algebras, and maybe ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

736 views

### Is homology finitely generated as an algebra?

If a differential graded algebra is finitely generated as an algebra, is its homology finitely generated as an algebra?
Is it easier if we impose any of the three conditions: characteristic zero; ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Fixed Point Algebras of Adjoint Actions of Banach Lie groups

I have the following question:
Let a be an element in a connected Banach Lie group G (over K, where K is the reals or the complex numbers).
We assume that G is not trivial, that has more than one ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

186 views

### Basics on lattice in classical groups

as a beginner,I am not sure whether this question is too basic to post here./-\。
Many textbook will talk about the prototypical example SL(n,Z)\SL(n,R), which can be identified with the space of ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

706 views

### Lie algebra admitting some hyperbolic automorphism is nilpotent

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite dimensional Lie algebra over $\mathbb{R}$ and $\phi:\mathfrak{g}\to\mathfrak{g}$ be a Lie algebra automorphism.
Viewing $\mathfrak{g}$ as a linear space and $\phi$ a ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

781 views

### Why is there a connection between enumerative geometry and nonlinear waves?

I'm not 100% sure that this question is appropriate for this site. If it's not, please tell me and I'll delete it.
Recently I encountered in a class the fact that there is a generating function of ...