Lie algebras are algebraic structures which were introduced to study the concept of infinitesimal transformations. The term "Lie algebra" (after Sophus Lie) was introduced by Hermann Weyl in the 1930s. In older texts, the name "infinitesimal group" is used. Related mathematical concepts include Lie ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

5
votes
1answer
310 views

A Hom-Tensor identity - $\text{Hom}_{R}(P,B)\otimes _SC \cong \text{Hom}_{R}(P,B \otimes_S C) $

let $R,S$ be associative algebras over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\mathcal{C} \subseteq$ $R$-Mod be a full abelain subcategory of $R$-Mod which is the category of $R$-modules. Let $B$ and $C$ be, a ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Vanishing of power of nilpotent operator $\mathrm{ad} \, \;e$ in different characteritics

This question needs some background: (1) In his influential 1959 paper here, Kostant studied the adjoint representation of a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ over $\mathbb{C}$ (which can be ...
10
votes
2answers
367 views

From Weyl groups to Weyl groupoids?

I'm trying to find a framework where the choices in the classical construction of a root system of a semi-simple lie algebra are not needed. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple lie algebra. ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

A criterion for orbits of complex reductive group to be closed

I am having some trouble understanding Nakajima's proof of the Kempf-Ness theorem in [1]. At the end (proof of Proposition 3.9(6)), his argument is basically the following: Let $G=K_{\Bbb C}$ be a ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

Cartan subspaces for general algebraic representations

So I feel like asking the following likely open-ended question: What good generalizations of the notion of Cartan subspace do we have? To be precise, let $G\curvearrowright V$ be an algebraic ...
-3
votes
0answers
154 views

Maps from $S^3$ to $S^3$ [on hold]

As a physicist, I apologize for imprecise language. I am interested in maps from $S^3$ to $S^3$ (identical to the group $SU(2)$). Since $S^3$ is threedimensional, there is some similarity to maps ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Integrable modules and comodules

Let $G$ be a semisimple Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra. Do we have the following result: $V$ is an integrable $U(\mathfrak{g})$-module if and only if $V$ is a $\mathbb{C}[G]$-comodule? ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

A finiteness property for semi-simple algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over a field $K$, I am considering a question about whether there exists a finite set of semi-simple $K$-subgroups, say $H_1,...,H_r$, such that for any ...
5
votes
1answer
489 views

Finite dimensional Lie algebra with non-degenerate invariant bilinear forms $\Omega_{ab}$

Firstly, my apology to MO experts that I am in a more science/physics background (a PhD). So please feel free refine/modify/comment my language if I have different math accents than yours. From ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Are there nilpotent Manin Triples?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Lie bialgebra and denote by $\mathfrak{d}$ the double of $\mathfrak{g}$, i.e. $\mathfrak{d}$ is a Manin triple. Are there known examples or conditions on $\mathfrak{g}$ for ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Try to understand the relation between Poisson Lie groups and Lie bialgebras

I am trying to understand the relation between Poisson Lie groups and Lie bialgebras. In the book Lectures on quantum groups, Page 20, Theorem 22 says that given a Poisson Lie group, we can construct ...
-3
votes
0answers
31 views

Nilpotent Lie algebra [closed]

Lemma: Let $T$ be a maximal torus on $\mathfrak{g}$, $\{x_1,\ldots,x_l\}$ a $T$-msg (minimal system generator), $\lambda_i$ the weight of $x_i$ . The dimension of $T$ is equal to the rank of ...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

Recover Poisson bracket on $C[G]$ using the Lie cobracket $\delta: g \to \Lambda^2 g$

By a theorem of Drinfeld, there is a one to one correspondence between Lie bialgebras and Poisson Lie groups. Therefore given a Lie cobracket $\delta: g \to \Lambda^2 g$, there is a Poisson bracket on ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Projections of orbifolds

A while back I came across orbifolds, in particular the quotients $SU(2)/U(1)\cong S^2$, $SU(3)/(SU(2)\times U(1)\cong \mathbb{C}P^2$ and $SU(3)/(U(1)\times U(1))$. The way I needed them, was as an ...
30
votes
1answer
814 views

Roadmap to Geometric Representation Theory (leading to Langlands)?

I believe there has been at least one question similar to this one and yet I still think this particular question deserves to have a thread of its own. I'm becoming increasingly fascinated by stuff ...
5
votes
2answers
177 views

“Diagonalizing” Littlewood-Richardson coefficients

Let's consider the Littlewood-Richardson coefficients $c^{\lambda}_{\mu \nu}$ so that \begin{equation} V_\mu \otimes V_\nu = \bigoplus_\lambda V_\lambda^{\oplus c^{\lambda}_{\mu \nu}} \end{equation} ...
4
votes
0answers
55 views

Harmonicity on semisimple groups

I asked this on Math.SE and got no answer, so I'll try my luck here. Let $G$ be a semisimple real Lie group, $U(\mathfrak{g})$ its universal enveloping algebra, let $\Omega$ be the Casimir element in ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 $ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic?

I want to know why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}= X^2 + Y^2$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 = \mathbb C \times \mathbb R$ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic, where $X$ and $Y$ are the left-invariant ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

multiplicity-free action on $SO(n+1)/SO(n-1)$

I'm trying to show that the Lie group $G=SO(n+1) \times SO(2)$ acts multiplicity-free on the cotangentbundle $T^* (SO(n+1)/SO(n-1))$. That means: 1) There exists an ...
6
votes
1answer
390 views

What is this Lie algebra?

Consider two matrices $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(N)$ which are both diagonal in the standard basis and non-zero. If we consider the new matrix $\tilde{B} := FBF^{\dagger}$ where $F$ is the `quantum' ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

The Jacobi identity of a Lie algebra?

Let $g$ be a finite dimensional real Lie algebra and $(,)$ be a nondegenerate invariant symmetric bilinear form on $g$. Let $r\in g\bigotimes g$ be a skew-symmetric solution of the MCYBE. We may ...
4
votes
0answers
141 views

Do I understand the Chevalley Restriction Theorem correctly? [migrated]

Let $G$ be a complex semisimple Lie group with Lie algebra $\frak g$, and let $\frak h$ be a Cartan subalgebra with Weyl group $W$. The Chevalley Restriction Theorem states that the restriction map ...
18
votes
6answers
626 views

Automorphism group of real orthogonal Lie groups

I would like to know what is the "outer-automorphism group" $Out$ of $SO(p,q)$ and $O(p,q)$, where $p+q >0$. My working definition of $Out$ is as follows: Let us denote by $Aut(G)$ the ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

When this Ad-invariant function on a Lie algebra is zero?

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with Haar measure $dg$ and (finite-dimensional real) Lie algebra $\frak g$. Endow $\frak g$ with an $\hbox{Ad}$-invariant norm $\|\cdot\|_{\frak g}$ so that $\frak g$ ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

(Co-) Homology of free nilpotent Lie Algebras

What is actually known about the (co-) homology of free nilpotent Lie Algebras over $\mathbb{C}$ and coefficients also in $\mathbb{C}$? I.e. the nilpotent Lie Algebras that one gets by a quotient of a ...
12
votes
5answers
2k views

Matrix representation for $F_4$

Has anyone ever bothered to write down the 26-dimensional fundamental representation of $F_4$? I wouldn't mind looking at it. Is it in $\mathfrak{so}(26)$? I'm familiar with the construction of the ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Unclear asymmetry in Lie-algebra module structure on space of linear transformations Hom(V,W)

Let $L$ be a (finite dimensional) Lie-algebra. Let $V, W$ be finite-dimensional vector spaces. If $V,\; W$ are in addition $L$-modules (see, e.g., 6.1 in Humphreys Introduction to Lie Algebras), then ...
6
votes
2answers
134 views

Can we count the number of simple modules for a reduced enveloping algebra?

Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group over a field of positive characteristic $p$, which I'll assume to be very good for $G$. Then the Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ is restricted and each simple ...
4
votes
0answers
98 views

Lie algebras whose derivation algebra is nilpotent

Let $L$ be a Lie algebra and denote by $\mathrm{Der}(L)$ the derivation algebra of $L$. If $L$ is finite-dimensional, then a theorem of Leger and Togo (Duke Math. J. $\bf{26}$ (1959), 623 – 628, DOI: ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

filteration for Leibniz algebras [closed]

Let $L$ be restricted Lie algebra, we define p-filteration $$ L=L_{1} \supseteq L_{1} ... \supseteq L_{n}... $$, satisfying the following conditions: $ [L_{i},L_{j}] \subseteq L_{i+j}$ and ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Vector fields, diffeomorphism subgroups and lie group actions

Let $M$ be a compact smooth manifold. Since any vector field is complete we get a $1$-parameter subgroup for each vector field. Consider the following generalization: Let $\{X_j\} \in Vect(M)$ be a ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Action of orthogonal group on the free Lie algebra

This question is somewhat related and inspired by this post of professor Montgomery. The free Lie algebra $L(V)$ generated by an $r$-dimensional vector space $V$ is, in the language of ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

False optima for control on Lie groups?

Consider the equation $\frac{d Y_t}{dt} = (A + w(t)B) Y_t$ evolving on a compact semi-simple Lie group $G$ where $\frak{g}$ is the Lie algebra of $G$ and $A,B \in \frak{g}$ and: $J:G \rightarrow ...
7
votes
1answer
98 views

Symmetries of the flag variety

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a finite dimensional simple Lie algebra over $\mathbb C$, and let $\mathcal B=G/B$ be the associated Flag variety. Is it true that the obvious map $$ \mathfrak g\to \Gamma ...
4
votes
0answers
138 views

Affine Steinberg groups vs Steinberg groups over Laurent polynomials

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $\Phi$ be a finite (also called spherical) reduced irreducible root system of rank $\geq 2$. I will denote by $\mathrm{St}(\Phi,R)$ the Steinberg group of type $\Phi$ ...
8
votes
1answer
392 views

Kazhdan-Lusztig graph for the Springer fiber of the minimal special unipotent class?

This graph was determined in the case of simply-laced root systems by Igor Dolgachev and Norman Goldstein here. For other root systems the original question should be modified, leading to a precise ...
3
votes
0answers
74 views

Automorphism group of Lie algebra of bounded operators

What is the automorphism group of the complex Lie algebra of bounded operators on a complex Hilbert space, with the commutator as Lie bracket? What for the real Lie algebra of bounded antihermitian ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Commuting nilpotent matrix collection

For every large enough $m\in\Bbb N$ are there $c=\alpha m$ (for some fixed $\alpha>0$) square matrices $A_1,\dots,A_c$ that commute with each other with nonzero product ($\forall ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Poincaré-Birkhoff-Witt theorem for Leibniz algebras

Leibniz algebras can be seen as a non-skew-symmetric generalization of Lie algebras. I have already taken a look at some papers related to Leibniz algebras and extending main results of Lie algebras ...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

How to write down solutions of Yang-Baxter equations for $sl_3$ explicitly?

In the paper, Stolin classifies all quasi-Frobenius subalgebras of $sl_3$. How to write down solutions of Yang-Baxter equations for $sl_3$ explicitly using these quasi-Frobenius subalgebras? Thank you ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Lie algebra (co)homology of the Lie algebra of differential operators

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety (or a complex manifold) over $\mathbb C$. Let $D(X)$ be its algebra of differential operators. Mostly I am interested in algebraic differential operators, but the case ...
5
votes
0answers
81 views

Analytic continuation of $\mathfrak{so}(n)$ algebras to real $n$?

In a 1988 paper "The Lie algebras $\mathfrak{gl}(\lambda)$ and cohomologies of Lie algebras of differential operators", Feigin defined the analytic continuation of $\mathfrak{sl}(n)$ algebras (over ...
11
votes
6answers
890 views

Representation Theory of Lie Groups: Reference Request

I am looking for a reference that describes the correspondence between the (finite-dimensional) representations of (real) Lie groups and the representations of their Lie algebras. More precisely, ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Characterization of restricted weights of representations of real semisimple Lie groups

I need to use the following theorem: Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple real Lie algebra, $\Sigma$ a set of restricted roots for $\mathfrak{g}$. Let $\rho$ be any finite-dimensional representation of ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Is there a name for a noncommutative generalization of Poisson algebra?

Is there a name for an associative algebra which is further endowed with a Lie algebra structure such that the Leibniz rule holds, i.e., $$[a, b \circ c]=[a,b]\circ c+b\circ [a,c], \hspace{15mm}(*)$$ ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Irreducible representations in BGG category $\mathcal{O}$ over (finitely) direct sum of general linear Lie superalgebra

Let $\mathfrak{g} = \oplus_i^k\mathfrak{gl}(m_i|n_i)$ be a direct sum of general linear Lie superalgebras $\mathfrak{gl}(m_i|n_i)$'s with the Cartan subalgebra $\mathfrak{h} = \oplus_i^k ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Diagonal invariants of $SO(n)$

Consider a Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ (I am mostly interested in the case $\mathfrak g=so(n)$), its universal enveloping algebra $U$ and its center $C$. There is an adjoint action of $\mathfrak g$ on ...
30
votes
1answer
537 views

Is there a geometric construction of hyperbolic Kac-Moody groups?

Just as the theory of finite-dimensional simple Lie algebras is connected to differential geometry and physics via the theory of simple Lie groups, the theory of affine Lie algebras was connected to ...
11
votes
4answers
367 views

Real and Quaternionic Representations according to Weights

According to this question, it is easy to know whether a representation is self dual or not: just check if the weight distribution in space is symmetric about the origin. Now, for self dual ...
23
votes
2answers
810 views

Why should affine lie algebras and quantum groups have equivalent representation theories?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a simple lie algebra over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $\hat{\mathfrak{g}}$ be the Kac-Moody algebra obtained as the canonical central extension of the algebraic loop algebra ...