**4**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Homotopes of simple Lie algebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a complex simple Lie algebra with bracket $[x,y]$. For which $z\in \mathfrak{g}$ does the formula
$$
\mu(x,y)=ad (z)([x,y])=[z,[x,y]]
$$
define another Lie bracket on the same ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Plethysm of $S^3(S^2V)$ as $\mathfrak{sl}_3(\mathbb{C})$-module

I have asked this question in MSE before, but have not got any answer. So here I am asking it again with some more detail.
I believe that the following sequence of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

56 views

### Where does the algebraic closure enter into Block's Theorem?

When applying Block's Theorem on the structure of differentiably simple rings to Lie algebras most authors require an algebraically closed field, but I can see no reference to algebraic closure in ...

**39**

votes

**15**answers

5k views

### What does the generating function $x/(1 - e^{-x})$ count?

Let $x$ be a formal (or small, since the function is analytic) variable, and consider the power series
$$ A(x) = \frac{x}{1 - e^{-x}} = \sum_{m=0}^\infty \left( -\sum_{n=1}^\infty ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### When is the image of the adjoint representation of a real algebraic group Zariski closed?

Let $\operatorname{Ad}:\operatorname{SL}_n(\mathbb{R}) \to \operatorname{GL}(\mathfrak{sl}_n(\mathbb{R}))$ be the adjoint representation (i.e. $\operatorname{Ad}(g)X=gXg^{-1}$) of $SL_n(\mathbb{R})$. ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

233 views

### Confusion about Subcategories of Category $\mathcal{O}$

So, in learning about category $\mathcal{O}$ representations of a semisimple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, I've come across two natural kinds of subcategories, and I think I'm confused about their ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Field's charatteristic in Lie algebras [on hold]

If $L$ is a Lie algebra over the field $\mathbb { F}$ with charatteristic not 2 , $[x, x]=0 , \forall x\in L$ if and only if $[ x, y]=- [ y, x] ,\forall x, y\in L$.I would an example of vector ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

61 views

### Homogeneous Quaternionic-Kähler Structure of the Grassmannians?

Paraphrasing from Cortes' notes:
The quaternionic Kähler condition for a manifold $M$, means that $\operatorname{End}(T(M))$ admits a
parallel subbundle $Q$ which is locally spanned by $3$
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Singularities of the Quantum propagator (baby version)

Given $a,b \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$ which are taken to generate the whole algebra, consider the following map $V:\mathbb{R}^{2} \rightarrow SU(4)$:
$V : (w_1, w_{2}) \mapsto e^{(a+w_2 b)} e^{(a+w_1 b)}$
...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Constructing Affine Kac-Moody Groups

Does anyone know a simple construction for Affine Kac-Moody groups? There is a book by Kumar ("Kac-Moody groups, their flag varieties, and representation theory") that does the construction for the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### $(L, \nabla)$ comes from a $G$-bundle with connection for some abelian algebraic subgroup $G \subset GL(n)$?

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$. How do I prove, without using transcendental methods, that if $\nabla$ is an integrable connection on a vector bundle $L$ on $A$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

294 views

### A question about $O(3,1)$

Recall that $O(3,1)$ is the collection of matrices $A\in M_4(\mathbb R)$ such that
$$A\begin{pmatrix}1 ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### Centralizer of hermitian matrices with zero trace

In Quantum Physics one often has to deal with commutators.
Here I want to denote by $H_0$ the set of all hermitian matrices with trace equal to zero!
One can easily relate it to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

88 views

### A simple Lie algebra with modules of a particular type

I’m trying to copy the following construction of P. Forster in group theory for Lie algebras. He takes a non-abelian simple group E which has an FpE-module V such that R = Rad(V ) is faithful and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Double loop groups and cohomology

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over $\mathbb{C}$ of Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$.
What is the value of $H^{3}(\mathfrak{g}((t))((s)),\mathbb{C})$?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

53 views

### An irreducible Lie algebra module decomposition over a subalgebra

My question in the most simple form:
Let $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{g}_1\oplus \mathfrak{g}_2$ be a direct sum of simple finite-dimensional Lie algebras over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $M$ be a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Finding $U,V$ in Thompson's Formula

Thompson's formula says, given $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$, there exists $U,V \in SU(n)$ such that:
$e^{A}e^{B}=e^{UAU^{\dagger} + VBV^{\dagger}}$
Given $a,b \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$ defined by:
$a=J_x ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### A proof of the Ibragimov et al. commutation relation

Let $u_a(x),\,a=1,2,\ldots n$ be a $n$-component field in Minkowski spacetime
$x^\mu,\,\mu=0,1,2,3$ and let $u_{a,\,\mu}=\frac{du_a}{dx^\mu}$. Let us introduce two operators (we use Einstein ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Meaning of $[A,B]$ when $A$, $B$ are self-adjoint

This is just a question about notation, but it got no useful answers on math.stackexchange.
Let $L$ be the Lie algebra of $n\times n$ Hermitian matrices, with Lie bracket $(A,B)\mapsto i(AB-BA)$.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### The role of the Vandermonde determinant in representations of affine Lie algebras

I am reading a paper 'Yangians and R-matrices' by Chari & Pressley (1990) and to classify representations for particular quantum groups, they define a "quantum Vandermonde determinant". They also ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Invariant polynomials with respect to group actions on matrices

Let $\mathfrak{gl}_n(\mathbb{R})$ be the Lie algebra of matrices with real entries and $GL_n(\mathbb{R})$ its associated Lie group. Recall that a linear subgroup $G \subseteq GL_n(\mathbb{R})$ acts by ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

110 views

### Level sets on $SU(4)$

Given $G \in SU(4)$, what are the level sets of the function $F:SU(n)\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ defined by $F(V) = |tr(G^{\dagger}V)|^2$?
Can they be written only in terms of abstract linear maps, not ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Invariants for the exceptional complex simple Lie algebra $F_4$

This is an edited version of the original question taking into account the comments below by Bruce. The original formulation was imprecise.
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ denote a complex simple Lie algebra of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Simultaneous integral equation on $SU(n)$

Consider a smooth curve $U_s:[0,T] \rightarrow SU(4)$ which solves:
$\frac{d U_s}{ds} = (a + w(s)b)U_s$
for some given $a,b \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$ (which generate $\mathfrak{su}(n)$) and a smooth ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Existence of a Lie algebra element orthogonal to the adjoint orbit of another element

Consider a compact, semi-simple, connected Lie group $G$ and its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Denote the Killing form by $K$.
Given a single $A \in \mathfrak{g}$ when (i.e. which groups and which $A$) ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

114 views

### Is the endpoint map smooth

Given $a,b \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$ and (with $U_0 = I$ taken) the following ODE:
$\frac{d U_t}{dt} = (a + w(t)b)U_t$
consider the "fixed time" endpoint map $V_T: L^2([0,T]) \rightarrow SU(n)$ for ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Lie algebra of holomorphic vector fields

It's well known that the holomorphic vector fields on a complex manifold form a Lie algebra. In simplest situations, this Lie algebra can be described explicitly.
For example, take $X=\mathbb{P}^n$, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

127 views

### Curves on $SU(4)$ whose adjoint action on $\mathfrak{su}(4)$ integrates to $0$

Given $\xi \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$ and positive $T \in \mathbb{R}$, is it possible to find all smooth curves $U_s \in SU(4)$ with $U_0 = I$ such that
$$\int_0^T U_s \xi U_s^{\dagger} ds =0\; ?$$

**3**

votes

**3**answers

354 views

### Form of elements of a Lie algebra

How can we write the elements of a free Lie algebra? Is there any reference concerning this subject?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### generalization of highest weight theorem for semisimple lie algebras

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a real semisimple Lie algebra (without compact factors) with Iwasawa decomposition
$\mathfrak g=\mathfrak k\oplus \mathfrak a\oplus \mathfrak u$.
Let $\mathfrak p$ be a
...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

117 views

### Does an analytic tensorial Lie structure on $S^2$ gives a fiberwise Abelian Lie algebra structure?

Motivated by the answer to this question we ask:
Is it true to say that for every real analytic tensorial Lie algebra structure $\alpha$ on $\chi^{\infty}(S^2)$, all fibers are necessarily ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

123 views

### Manifold_Lie algebra compatibility

In this question we try to improve some parts of this post as follows:
What is an example of a manifold $M$ and a Lie algebra $L$ (with the same dimension) such that $M$ does not admit ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

318 views

### Some questions about the Malcev completion

Let $G$ be an abstract group. The Malcev completion $\widehat{G}$ of $G$ (over $\mathbb{Q}$) is the set of group-like elements in the complete Hopf algebra $\widehat{\mathbb{Q}[G]} = \lim_n ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Faithful linear representation of a nilpotent Lie algebra

Let
\begin{align}
\mathfrak{g} = Span_{\mathbb{C}}\{ e_1, e_2, e_3, e_4, e_5: \text{ non-zero brackets are } [e_1, e_i]=e_{i+1}, i=2,3,4, [e_2, e_3]=e_5 \}
\end{align}
be a $5$-dimensional Lie ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

77 views

### Normalized invariant form on a Kac-Moody Algebra

For a symmetrizable Kac-Moody Algebra, we can define a normalized invariant form that performs the same role as the Killing form in the finite dimensional case. My question is, do these forms ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Understanding moment maps and Lie brackets

I'm trying to learn about moment maps in symplectic topology (suppose our Lie group is $G$ with Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$, acting on the symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$ by symplectomorphisms). I'm ...

**36**

votes

**7**answers

6k views

### What is the symbol of a differential operator?

I find Wikipedia's discussion of symbols of differential operators a bit impenetrable, and Google doesn't seem to turn up useful links, so I'm hoping someone can point me to a more pedantic ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

342 views

### What is the homomorphism between the third exterior and third symmetric power of the adjoint representation of a simple Lie algebra?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the adjoint representation of a simple Lie algebra (which is not of type $A$). Then the space of intertwiners between the third exterior power of $\mathfrak{g}$ and the third ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### A problem about a matrix norm on $\mathfrak{su}(4)$

Given a fixed $B \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$ is it possible to solve for $F$:
$\sigma^{\text{max}}\left(\frac{A}{F(A)} + B \right) = 1$, $\forall A \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$. A theorem in ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Matrix from a homomorphism of simply connected groups

Let $H$ be a simple algebraic group of type $\mathbf{G}_2$ over $\mathbb{C}$.
Let $\rho$ be the standard 7-dimensional complex representation
$$ \rho\colon H=\mathbf{G}_2\to \mathrm{SO}_7.$$
We ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### Do the values of the differential of a function on a Lie group with a single maximum span the Lie algebra?

Consider: a vector field $X=\nabla \phi$ on a compact, semi-simple, connected matrix Lie group $G$ where $\phi$ as a smooth scalar field on $G$ possessing only a single maxima which topologically is a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

68 views

### Classification of finite dimensional Lie subalgebras of $\mathbb R[q^1,\dots,q^n,p_1,\dots,p_n]$

Do there exist results towards answering the following question?
Consider the Poisson algebra of regular functions $A=\mathbb R[V]$ on the symplectic vector space $V:=T^* \mathbb R^n$. Using ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Check symplectomorphism property on infinitesimal generators

I stumbled over the following question:
First, let me give the basic definition of a symplectic group action:
Let $(M, \omega)$ be a symplectic manifold and $G$ a Lie group. A smooth action $\Phi:G ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### What does “control of a deformation problem” mean?

Is the expression "control of a deformation problem' ever defined? There are of course many examples relating a dg-Lie or L-infty algebra to a deformation problem, and the phrase is evocative. Is it ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Characterizations of Jacobson-Morozov parabolics associated to a nilpotent

Let $x \in \mathfrak{g}$ (or $x \in G$) be a nilpotent (resp. unipotent) element of a simple Lie algebra (resp. linear algebraic group). One can associate to this data a Jacobson-Morozov parabolic ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

328 views

### Torsion in profinite groups

Is there a finitely generated profinite group $G$ with a closed subgroup of infinite index $K \leq G$ such that for every $g \in G$ there exists some $n \in \mathbb{N}$ for which $g^n \in K$ ?
Can ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

209 views

### What are the “tensor-closed” object of the BGG category $\mathcal{O}$ of a semisimple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite dimensional complex semisimple Lie algebra and we can consider its BGG category $\mathcal{O}$. It is well-known that $\mathcal{O}$ is not closed under tensor product, ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

595 views

### A question on the root systems of simple Lie algebras in the 90 degree case

I've been taking a look at simple Lie algebras for particle physics and I've found myself wondering about the following question. It can be shown that the adjacent roots in a root diagram ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Poincare inequality for connected Lie groups

Let $G$ be a compactly generated second countable locally compact group, and let $\mu$ be a probability measure which is:
symmetric,
adapted (in the sense that there is no proper subgroup $H$ such ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

127 views

### Lie Algebras over DVRs and basechange to the completion

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring containing an algebraically closed field $K$ of characteristic zero and let $L$ be a Lie algebra over $R$ whose underlying $R$-module is finitely generated and ...