Lie algebras are algebraic structures which were introduced to study the concept of infinitesimal transformations. The term "Lie algebra" (after Sophus Lie) was introduced by Hermann Weyl in the 1930s. In older texts, the name "infinitesimal group" is used. Related mathematical concepts include Lie ...

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2
votes
2answers
260 views

Closure relations between Bruhat cells on the flag variety

Given a Lie group $G$ over $\mathbb{C}$ and a Borel subgroup $B$. There is this famous Bruhat decomposition of the flag variety $G/B$. How do we prove the closure relations between the cells, which ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Conjugacy class of semisimple elements

Let $G$ be a complex simple Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ and $G_1$ be a complex simple subgroup of $G$ with Lie algebra $\mathfrak g_1$. We may assume $G$ and $G_1$ to be of adjoint type. ...
8
votes
1answer
384 views

What is the relation between spherical principal series representations of a reductive Liegroup and Verma modules for its Lie algebra?

Here is an issue that thoroughly confuses me. I hope I can express it in a way that is clear cut enough for this site. Let $G$ be a real reductive Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be the complexification ...
2
votes
2answers
232 views

How to find the multiplicity of weight in a Verma module?

In particular, let $\mathfrak g$ be the semisimple Lie algebra of type $A_{2}$ et let $\alpha,\beta$ be its simple roots. How can the multiplicity of weight $-2\alpha -3\beta$ be calculated in the ...
5
votes
1answer
124 views

How can the generators of subalgebra $\mathfrak g^{\sigma}$ of $\sigma$-stable elements be expressed through generators of Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$?

Let $\mathfrak g$ be the semisimple Lie algebra of type $D_{4}$. Let $\sigma$ be the 3-rd order automorphism of $\mathfrak g$ induced by the triality of $D_{4}$: $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
174 views

Does the associated Lie algebra determine a group?

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathcal{L}_G(k)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...
6
votes
1answer
119 views

Injectivity of Rewrite Rule in a Free Lie Algebra

Let $L$ be a free Lie algebra (over $\mathbb{Q}$) on generators $x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_n$, and let $V_k$ be the subspace spanned by the $k$-fold brackets. Let $U_1 = \mathrm{span}\{ x_i | i< ...
1
vote
0answers
270 views

Testing the faithfulness of group homomorphisms by testing on the level of induced Lie Algebras

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathrm{gr}_k(G)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Reducible reductive Lie subalgebras of so(p,q)

Is it true that $S(O(p) \times O(q))$ is the only proper subgroup of $SO(p,q)$ of full rank acting on the natural representation $\mathbb{R}^{p+q}$ of $SO(p,q)$ that stabilizes a $p$-dimensional ...
6
votes
4answers
346 views

Breaking up the free Lie algebra into Gl irreps

The free Lie algebra $L(V)$ generated by an $r$-dimensional vector space $V$ is, in the language of https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_Lie_algebra , the free Lie algebra generated by any choice of ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Whitehead's second Lemma and invariants of exterior square

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$ and let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite dimensional semisimple $k$-Lie algebra. By Whitehead's second Lemma, we know that $H^{2}(\mathfrak{g}, ...
2
votes
1answer
260 views

Weyl group of a symmetric space

Let $G/K$ be a symmetric space of a non-compact type, i.e. $G$ is a semi-simple connected Lie group, and $K$ is its maximal compact subgroup. Helgason in his book "Differential geometry and symmetric ...
10
votes
0answers
197 views

Irreducible representations of Weyl group of F$_4$ on zero weight spaces?

This is a follow-up to a recent question here concerning the natural representation of a Weyl group $W$ on the zero weight space of an irreducible representation $L(\lambda)$ of highest weight ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Associated graded Lie algebra of braid groups

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathcal{L}_G(k)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

perfect Lie algebra with a nonabelian solvable radical

Suppose you want to construct a perfect Lie algebra with a nonabelian solvable radical $\mathfrak{r}$, say with a commutator series of length 2. What are the conditions that guarantee the Lie algebra ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Some questions on analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations

I would like to ask a number of questions about the theory of analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations, but before I do so, let me fix the terminology to be used in this ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Generalized weight space

In their paper Lepowsky and Mcmollum sketch theory of weights in a more general setting. Here is their definition of a weight space: If $A$ is a subset of $\mathfrak g$ and $\lambda$ is a function ...
1
vote
2answers
228 views

Fundamental invariants for root subsystems

Let $\Phi$ be an irreducible root system of rank $\ell$. The fundamental invariants of $\Phi$ is a set of $\ell$ integers $d_1, \cdots, d_\ell$ canonically attached to $\Phi$. Now suppose $\Psi$ is ...
3
votes
4answers
707 views

Representations of the two dimensional non-abelian Lie algebra

I would like to know a complete description of the indecomposable representations of the two dimensional non-abelian Lie algebra over the complex numbers. The finite dimensional representations would ...
5
votes
3answers
380 views

Poincare duality for (co)homology of Lie algebras?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $\mathfrak{g}$ a Lie $R$-algebra that has an $R$-module basis with $n$ elements. In Algebra, Geometry, and Software Systems by Joswig & Takayama on p.200 it ...
-2
votes
2answers
174 views

Any duality between different real forms of a complex Lie group? [closed]

A complex Lie group may have several real forms. Are there any duality/trinity... between them? Maybe a trivial question to ask, is $SL(3,\mathbb{C})$ a real form of $SL(3,\mathbb{C})\times ...
6
votes
3answers
566 views

Generators of invariant polynomials of semisimple Lie algebra

Suppose $\mathfrak{g}$ is a complex semi-simple Lie algebra. By a theorem of Chevalley, we know that $S(\mathfrak{g})^\mathfrak{g}$, i.e. the $\mathfrak{g}$ invariant polynomials, is generated by $l$ ...
16
votes
2answers
838 views

Is homology finitely generated as an algebra?

If a differential graded algebra is finitely generated as an algebra, is its homology finitely generated as an algebra? Is it easier if we impose any of the three conditions: characteristic zero; ...
4
votes
1answer
291 views

When is the Ad (Adjoint Representation) Morphism a Closed Map

Given a Lie group $\mathfrak{G}$ with finite centre and with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, I am looking at a simple proof that negative definite Killing form implies compactness. This proof is given ...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

Basics on lattice in classical groups

as a beginner,I am not sure whether this question is too basic to post here./-\。 Many textbook will talk about the prototypical example SL(n,Z)\SL(n,R), which can be identified with the space of ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

Examples of Lie subalgebras of universal enveloping algebras

I'm looking for non-trivial examples of triples $(\mathfrak g, L, \psi)$, where $\mathfrak g$ and $L$ are finite-dimensional non-abelian Lie algebras over field $\Bbbk$ and $\psi\colon U_{\mathfrak ...
12
votes
1answer
277 views

Variety of nilpotent Lie algebras or $p$-groups

Here's a couple of analogous questions, one in terms of finite-dimensional complex Lie algebras and one in terms of finite $p$-groups; I'd be interested in an answer to either: 1) Let $\mathcal{L}$ ...
3
votes
4answers
232 views

Nilradical of a Lie algebra associated to a associative algebra

Let $A$ be a finite dimensional (unital) $K$-Algebra. By $A^{\circ}$ we denote the associated $K$-Lie-algebra of $A$ with respect to the product $a\circ b:=ab-ba$. In addition, we denote by ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

Basis for Witt algebra in general format

The Witt algebra $W(n,m)$ is defined as the set of element ${∑f_jD_j such that f_j∈A(n,m)}$ with usual Lie bracket. I am a bit confused about basis for $W(n,m)$? What is the meaning of $"f_jD_j"$ ? I ...
5
votes
1answer
279 views

Harish-Chandra isomorphism for compact symmetric spaces

I would be interested to have an explicit description of the algebra of invariant differential operators on functions on a compact symmetric space $G/K$. A reference would be especially useful. ...
0
votes
1answer
244 views

A problem about a matrix norm on $\mathfrak{su}(4)$

Given a fixed $B \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$ is it possible to solve for $F$: $\sigma^{\text{max}}\left(\frac{A}{F(A)} + B \right) = 1$, $\forall A \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$. A theorem in ...
5
votes
0answers
232 views

Weyl's construction for symplectic groups--an exercise in Fulton and Harris's book

This is an exercise in section 17.3 in Fulton and Harris's book:Representation theory-a first course. Let $V=\mathbb{C}^{2n}$ and $Sp(2n)$ be the symplectic group w.r.t the nondegenerate bilinear ...
2
votes
0answers
184 views

First Variation of Dyson Series/Magnus Expansion

Given the matrix differential equation $\frac{dU_t}{dt}=A_t U_t$ there are at least two ways to write a formal solution. Both the Dyson series: $U_t = \mathcal{T} e^{\int_{0}^{t} A_t dt}$ and the ...
8
votes
2answers
371 views

Sums of degrees of irreducible complex characters

The sum of the degrees of the irreducible complex characters (not the square sum which is the group order) is relevant to determine the dimension of a maximal torus of the Lie algebra associated to ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Weight multiplicities for some particular representations of SO(2m).

I am looking for explicit formulas for the weight multiplicities of some particular irreducible representations of $SO(2m)$. It is possible that they have been already computed; in this case I will ...
4
votes
2answers
140 views

Invariant planes of a nilpotent matrix with two Jordan blocks of size two

Describe all the invariant 2-dimensional subspaces of $\mathbb{C}^4$ (or $\mathbb{R}^4$) of the nilpotent map $$ N = \begin{pmatrix} 0 & 1 & & \\ 0 & 0 & & \\ & & 0 ...
0
votes
0answers
208 views

PBW proof proposal

One version of the PBW theorem states: $\omega $:$\mathfrak {S} \mapsto \mathfrak {E} $ is an isomorphism of algebras. I am curious if this is a possible proof for the PBW theorem, part is taken ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

equation for geodesics of a right invairant Finsler metric on $SU(n)$ which are parallel to a linear affine distribution

I am looking for an equation analogous to the Euler-Poincare equations for a right invariant Finlser metric except I want the geodesics which are parallel to a linear affine distribution on $SU(n)$. ...
11
votes
2answers
422 views

Who originated the standard symbols for Lie groups GL, SL, SU, etc.?

Who was first to use symbols GL, SL, O, SO, U, SU, Sp and their projective versions, and how did this notation become standard? The notation appears in fairly modern form in Weyl's "The Classical ...
6
votes
3answers
526 views

Characterising the adjoint representation of SU(N)

One can show that the adjoint representation of $\mathrm{SU}(n)$, the image of the map $\mathrm{Ad}:\mathrm{SU}(n) \rightarrow \mathrm{Aut}(\mathrm{su(n)})\subset \mathrm{GL}(\mathrm{su}(n))$, is an ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Bi-invariant one forms on compact Lie groups

I'm hoping to learn of a criterion for the existence of a bi-invariant one form on a Lie group $G$. I'm looking for a reference that there are no such one forms son $SU(n)$ (as long as this is in fact ...
3
votes
0answers
189 views

Can the commuting condition in Jordan-Chevalley decomposition be replaced with this global criterion?

Let $G$ be a reductive linear algebraic group defined over an algebraically closed field $k$ of arbitrary characteristic, and write $\mathfrak{g}$ for its Lie algebra. The Jordan-Chevalley ...
8
votes
1answer
383 views

Construction of the Lie functor: left vs. right invariant vector fields on Lie groups and Lie groupoids

When constructing the Lie algebra $L(G)$ of a Lie group $G$, one usually uses the identification of the tangent space $T_1 G$ with left invariant vector fields $\mathcal{V}^l(G)$ to construct the Lie ...
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votes
0answers
111 views

A special Lie subalgebra

Motivated by comments of the following post A question on involutions on the Lie algebra of vector fields we ask the following question: Let $L$ be a Lie algebra. We consider the Lie subalgebra ...
6
votes
1answer
294 views

Laplace-Beltrami operator on a Lie group

For an arbitrary Lie group, is it always possible to chose a left-invariant Riemannian metric such that the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ is given by $$\Delta f = \delta^{i j} X_i X_j f$$ for ...
2
votes
1answer
319 views

Is every closed subgroup of $\text{GL}_n(K[[x]])$ finitely generated?

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $K$ a finite field. Denote by $K[[x]]$ the (profinite) ring of formal power series over $K$. Note that $\text{GL}_n(K[[x]])$ is a profinite group. Is every closed subgroup of ...
4
votes
0answers
95 views

Explicit description of graded (counital) cofree cocommutative coalgebras

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p \neq 2$, and $V = \oplus V_{n}$ be a graded vector space over $k$. Then, can one compute the graded (counital) cofree cocommutative coalgebra $C(V)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

Euler-Poincaré equations with constraints

It is well known that the stationary curves (say $\Xi(t)$) of a regular Lagrangian $\mathcal{L}$ on a compact, semi-simple Lie group $G$ have the property that $\xi(t) = \frac{d \Xi(t)}{dt} ...
2
votes
0answers
111 views

(Co)Homology of groups vs. Lie algebras: polynomial rings

For Lie groups (or algebraic groups over fields) there is a strong relation between the cohomology of the group and the cohomology of its Lie algebra. Some MO-question where this is discussed can be ...
11
votes
2answers
509 views

Geodesics on $SU(4)$

Are the geodesics of the following metrics on $SU(4)$ known or easy (in a way not known to me!) to find? In the adjoint representation, one can express the Killing form as a matrix and consider it as ...