Lie algebras are algebraic structures which were introduced to study the concept of infinitesimal transformations. The term "Lie algebra" (after Sophus Lie) was introduced by Hermann Weyl in the 1930s. In older texts, the name "infinitesimal group" is used. Related mathematical concepts include Lie ...

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132 views

Kernel of the Weil homomorphism for compact symmetric spaces

Let $X = G/K$ be a Riemannian symmetric space of compact type and consider the "Weil homomorphism" $$w^\bullet: H^\bullet(BK; \mathbb R) \to H^\bullet(X; \mathbb R),$$ i.e. the map in cohomology ...
2
votes
3answers
404 views

First Explicit Irreducible Representations

Although the classification of simple Lie Algebras and their representations is fully understood, I wonder whether there is some book with exhaustive tables describing explicit irreducible ...
0
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112 views

Reference about a formula of coroot in an affine root system

Let $\delta$ be the null of an affine root system and let $\alpha + p\delta$ be a real affine root, $p$ is an integer. It is said that $$ (\alpha + p\delta)^{\vee} = \alpha^{\vee} + ...
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70 views

Cayley graphs for finitely presented Lie algebras

I have seen that an important tool of finitely presented groups consists in writing down its Cayley graph with respect to a given set of generators, and then try to extract data like the coarse ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Bounds on Hilbert-Schmidt norm of difference of products of matrices

I suspect the following is well-known, but don't know of a reference (and it is not close to the area I normally work in). I have two sequences of matrices $Q_{1},\ldots,Q_{k}$ and ...
6
votes
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132 views

vanishing of Lie algebra cohomology with coefficients in an infinite-dimensional module

Let $G$ be a real semisimple Lie group, $K$ its maximal compact subgroup, $\mathfrak g, \mathfrak k$ the corresponding Lie algebras. Let $V$ be a locally convex, Hausdorff vector space, which is a ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Exploiting a finite presentation of a Lie algebra

In "my youth" I computed a finite presenation of the Poisson algebra on $S^2$ (finite presentation as a Lie algebra). In what ways might this be useful? Does this allow you to extract information ...
0
votes
1answer
223 views

generalization of highest weight theorem for semisimple lie algebras

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a real semisimple Lie algebra (without compact factors) with Iwasawa decomposition $\mathfrak g=\mathfrak k\oplus \mathfrak a\oplus \mathfrak u$. Let $\mathfrak p$ be a ...
3
votes
1answer
214 views

The Jordan Plane and Enveloping Algebras

Let $k$ denote a field of characteristic $0$ (assume algebraically closed for convenience). Define $J=k\langle x,y|[x,y]=y^{2}\rangle$. This noncommutative algebra (which can be viewed as a derivation ...
3
votes
1answer
626 views

Why are 1 and -1 eigenvalues of this matrix?

This is a subject I've been working on for a very long time now, but still did not manage to fully understand the interesting properties of this matrix $\mathbf{A}$. First, let's define two matrices: ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

How to define the determinant of a morphism between graded Lie algebras?

I have the following question. Suppose $g_1$ and $g_2$ are two finite dimensional, nilpotent, stratified Lie algebras and $A:g_1\to g_2$ is a morphism of the graded Lie algebra. I wonder whether there ...
5
votes
0answers
96 views

How to characterize the class of $(\mathfrak{g},K)$-modules with a fixed lowest K-type in the framework of D-modules?

Let $G$ be a real semisimple Lie group, $K$ be a maximal compact subgroup. Let $\mathfrak{g}_0$ and $\mathfrak{k}_0$ be their real Lie algebras respectively. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ and $\mathfrak{k}$ be ...
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1answer
174 views

Reductive space & Reductive Lie algebra

If $M=G/H$ is a reductive space and $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{h}+\mathfrak{m}$ be the canonical decomposition, then are $\mathfrak{g}$ or $\mathfrak{h}$ or both reductive lie algebras? (in this case, ...
2
votes
0answers
158 views

How to write BRST-BV for dg-Lie?

The usual BRST-BV implements a Lie algebra and its module in terms of ghosts, etc. Where is there written a corresponding formula incorporating the differential of a dg Lie algebra and module?
1
vote
1answer
146 views

Explicit generators of $Z(U(\mathfrak{g}))$

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra over an algebraically closed field. By Harish-Chandra, the center of its universal enveloping algebra $Z(U(\mathfrak{g}))$ is a polynomial ring and the ...
2
votes
0answers
155 views

Free-field representations: how to study highest-weight submodules of the Fock module?

Suppose we have a representation of some affine Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{n}_- \oplus \mathfrak{h} \oplus \mathfrak{n}_+$ on a Fock space $V$. The module $V$ will contain a lot of ...
3
votes
1answer
368 views

Is $M=E_{7(7)}/SU(7)\times\mathbb{R}^{+}$ a (pseudo)Kähler-Hodge manifold? Open problem

I have been told that the following is an open problem in mathematics, but I am pretty sure that experts in the topic surely know the answer. Is the manifold $$M=\frac{E_{7(7)}}{SU(7)}\times ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Homology of derivations of Differential Graded Lie algebra

Let $(L,d)$ be a Differential Graded Lie Algebra ($L=\bigoplus L_i$ and $d:L_i \to L_{i-1}$ satisfying the graded Leibniz rule). On the algebra $\mathrm{Der}L$ of derivations of $L$ define a grading ...
6
votes
1answer
336 views

Torsion in profinite groups

Is there a finitely generated profinite group $G$ with a closed subgroup of infinite index $K \leq G$ such that for every $g \in G$ there exists some $n \in \mathbb{N}$ for which $g^n \in K$ ? Can ...
1
vote
0answers
176 views

rational representation of semisimple algebraic group

Let $G$ be a connected semisimple algebraic group defined over $\mathbb Q$. Could some expert give me a complete classification of finite dimensional $\mathbb Q$-irreducible representations of $G$? ...
0
votes
0answers
128 views

List of irreducible representations whose weights are in a single Weyl group orbit

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a (finite dimensional) simple (nonabelian) Lie algebra over $\mathbb C$. I need a complete list of irreducible (nontrivial) representations $V$ of $\mathfrak g$ such that the Weyl ...
0
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0answers
31 views

problem with the notation for derivation of contact lie algebra

For contact Lie algebras $K$ over field of characteristic $p>2$ we know that contact lie algebra is the derived lie algebra of the image of contact operator which is defined as $D_K:A(n,m) \mapsto ...
3
votes
3answers
514 views

classifying space and cohomology of integer general linear group

I have obtained that the classifying space $$ BGL(\mathbb{R}^n)=BO(\mathbb{R}^n)=G_n(\mathbb{R}^\infty) $$ is the Grassmannian. I have also obtained that the mod 2 cohomology is the polynomial ...
5
votes
0answers
124 views

LS paths construction

Let $W$ be the Weyl group of a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak L$, and for a dominant weight $\lambda$ denote by $W_{\lambda}$ the stabilizer of $\lambda$ in $W$. Let $\leq$ be the Bruhat order on ...
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146 views

Comparing a Chevalley basis with the canonical basis of the adjoint module?

First some background: Given a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0 such as $\mathbb{C}$, fix a Cartan decomposition $\mathfrak{g} = \mathfrak{h} ...
4
votes
0answers
188 views

Bruhat decomposition of $G/Q$

Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group over $\mathbb C$, $T$ be a maximal torus and $B$ be a Borel subgroup of $G$ containing $T$. Let $R^+$ be the set of positive roots with respect to $B$. Let $Q$ ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

format of grading Witt Lie Algebra

Let $W(n,m)$ be generalized Jacobson-Witt algebra over a field of characteristic p>3, according to the grading of $W(n,m)$ , we know that it inherit the grading from $A(n,m)$ as follows: ...
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vote
0answers
196 views

A Lie algebra associated with a one dimensional foliation

A non vanishing vector field $X$ on a manifold is called "well behaved" if for every non vanishing smooth function $f$ we have $$C(X)\simeq C(fX)$$ This means that the centralizer Lie algebras ...
3
votes
1answer
212 views

Reference for exercises with solutions for affine Lie algebras

I am doing self-study of affine Lie algebras, and while I have all recommended reference material, I find it hard to prepare for the exam. It was quite easy to study finite-dimensional simple Lie ...
5
votes
1answer
183 views

Invariant Laurent polynomials under cyclic group action

Start with the cyclic group $G:=\mathbb{Z}/p$ of prime order $p$ and and an integer lattice $P:=\mathbb{Z}^p$. Let $G$ act on $P$ by cyclic permutation of coordinates. There is an induced action on ...
-1
votes
1answer
186 views

cartan killing metric [closed]

I know that we can define the killing form on a lie algebra. However, when going to the group manifold, does this give rise to a metric on the manifold? I thought that would be the case, but I cant ...
4
votes
2answers
229 views

An algorithm to compare two representations of a simple Lie algebra?

I have two representations of a simple (complex or real) finite-dimensional Lie algebra $S$, both given in terms of their structure constants on a given basis. the first one is the adjoint ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Computing maximal ideals of a Lie algebra

Would you know an algorithm (or an automatic method) that computes all maximal ideals $J$ of a given Lie algebra? Or an algorithm that computes all maximal ideals $J$ containing a given minimal ideal ...
2
votes
0answers
249 views

The geometry of the holomorph of a Lie group

Every Lie group $G$ is naturally contained in its holomorph Hol($G$) = $G \rtimes $ Aut($G$) Is Hol$(G)$ always a Lie group? If the answer is yes our main questions: 1.For a left ...
2
votes
3answers
423 views

What are Carnot groups?

I'm trying to learn the Pansu differentiability theorem and I need to know what Carnot groups are. Can someone please explain what Carnot groups are? An introductory reference would be greatly ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Commutators of Schur polynomials of Lie algebra elements

Question: Is there a well-known formula for computing the commutators of Schur polynomials when the variables are Lie algebra elements? If the algebra has a particularly simple commutation relation, ...
5
votes
2answers
300 views

Convention about “long” roots for simple Lie algebras of types ADE?

The classification of simple Lie algebras (over $\mathbb{C}$ or other sufficiently large field of characteristic 0) correlates these Lie algebras with the irreducible reduced root systems (in ...
2
votes
1answer
288 views

highest weight representations inside tensor product

Let $G$ be a semisimple simply connected group over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic zero, $B$ a Borel and $T$ a maximal torus. Let $\lambda,\mu,\nu$ be dominant characters of $T$. ...
5
votes
0answers
288 views

A vector space associated with a vector field on a symplectic manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a $2n$ dimensional symplectic manifold and $X$ is a smooth vector field on $M$. Consider the following subvector space of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$: $$S(X)=\{Y\in ...
5
votes
1answer
247 views

Closure order on nilpotent orbits in exceptional Lie algebras

Let $G$ be a simple algebraic group over the algebraically closed field $k$ of positive characteristic, and let ${\mathfrak g}={\rm Lie}(G)$. It is well known that there are finitely many nilpotent ...
5
votes
0answers
149 views

Finite-codimension subalgebras of generalized Kac-Moody lie algebras

Do generalized Kac-Moody lie algebras of infinite dimension contain subalgebras of finite codimension? If so, is there a classification?
0
votes
0answers
113 views

Connection between Lie algebras and fusion rings

Example: Take the irreps of $SU(2)$: $0,1/2,1,...$ (Spin notation.) The quantum dimensions are $1,q+1/q,q^2+q+1+1/q+1/q^2,...$. At $q=(-1)^{1/5}$ this evaluates to $1,\phi,0,...$ and you get the ...
7
votes
3answers
264 views

Polarizations generate the ring of invariants?

The symmetric group $S_n$ acts on $\mathbb R^n$ by permuting the coordinates and the ring of polynomial invariants is generated by the elementary symmetric polynomials. If we restrict the action to ...
3
votes
1answer
264 views

Weyl groups of $E_6$ and $E_7$

The Weyl group $W_6$ of the Lie algebra $E_6$ is of order 51840, the automorphism group of the unique simple group of order 25920, while the Weyl group $W_7$ of the Lie algebra $E_7$ is of order ...
5
votes
1answer
159 views

Questions about the $\mathbf{i}$-trails of Berenstein and Zelevinsky

The $\mathbf{i}$-trails of Berenstein and Zelevinsky was introduced on page 5 (Definition 2.1) in this paper. It is defined as follows. Let $\gamma, \delta \in \mathfrak{h}^*$. Let ${\bf i}=(i_1, ...
1
vote
1answer
287 views

Can we find structure constants of Lie Algebra for Lie Symmetry of ODE without solving determining equations?

Let's consider (for example) one scalar ODE. We are searching for Lie Symmetries of it. There is well-known result, that we can find size of Symmetry Group without solving determining equations. ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Extension of an involutive automorphism

Suppose that $g$ is a complex semi-simple Lie algebra and $g'$ its reductive subalgebra. If $\tau$ is an involutive automorphism of $g'$, can $\tau$ be extended to an involutive automorphism of $g$ ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Link between Virasoro algebra and Heisenberg algebra

I'm reading these notes on infinite-dimensional Lie algebras. On page 5, author defines Heisenberg algebra and shows that certain infinite sums of elements of Heisenberg algebra (I'm being a little ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Inequality for the index of a Lie algebra using its Levi decomposition

The answers to this question indicate that there is a fairly vast literature on the index of Lie algebras. Unfortunately I was not able to find in this literature (or maybe to extract from it) an ...
2
votes
2answers
260 views

Closure relations between Bruhat cells on the flag variety

Given a Lie group $G$ over $\mathbb{C}$ and a Borel subgroup $B$. There is this famous Bruhat decomposition of the flag variety $G/B$. How do we prove the closure relations between the cells, which ...