Lie algebras are algebraic structures which were introduced to study the concept of infinitesimal transformations. The term "Lie algebra" (after Sophus Lie) was introduced by Hermann Weyl in the 1930s. In older texts, the name "infinitesimal group" is used. Related mathematical concepts include Lie ...

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14
votes
3answers
567 views

Can one show the equivalence of the abstract and classical Jordan decompositions for simple Lie algebras without complete reducibility?

The following fact is basic in the theory of complex Lie algebras: Theorem. Let ${\mathfrak g} \subset {\mathfrak gl}_n({\bf C})$ be a simple Lie algebra, and let $x \in {\mathfrak g}$. Let $x = ...
2
votes
1answer
516 views

Kirillov-Kostant-Souriau Theorem on $\mathfrak{g}\oplus \mathfrak{g^*} $

My question is about the extention of kirillov's symplectic structure on coadjoint orbits. The most remarkable feature of the coadjoint representation is the fact that all coadjoint orbits possess a ...
1
vote
2answers
325 views

Representation theory, classical Lie algebra, D_{n}

I want to know the fundamental representation of classical Lie algebra of type $D_{n}$ over complex numbers with the following informations. For example, $L(\omega_i)$ be a fundamental rep of ...
0
votes
1answer
395 views

fiber bundle on an orbit of $\mathfrak{g}\oplus\mathfrak{g^*}$

Let $G$, be a Lie Group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra ,i.e, $Lie(G)=\mathfrak{g}$. Let $\zeta=(\ X,F)\ \in \mathfrak{g}\oplus\mathfrak{g^*}$. Here $X\in \mathfrak{g} $ and $F\in ...
12
votes
2answers
414 views

calculating Littlewood-Richardson coefficients

It is known that if $\alpha,\beta,\gamma$ are three partitions then the Littlewood-Richardson coefficient $c_{\alpha \beta}^{\gamma}$ is positive when the triple ($\alpha,\beta,\gamma$ ) occurs as ...
0
votes
1answer
169 views

when $g^*$ is invariant under $Ad(G)$?

Let $G$ be a Lie Group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be its lie algebra. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ is semisimple or reductive lie algebra, then prove that $\mathfrak{g}^*$ (dual of $\mathfrak{g}$)is invariant under ...
2
votes
1answer
287 views

Kac Moody algebra defintion

Why is the dimension of the cartan subalgebra $2n-\text{rank}(A)$ in the defintion from Kumar's book. From a few examples I can see why the defintion is the way it is, but, I would like a better ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

The condition of maximality in branching rules of $SO$ group representations

Let the highest weight of a $SO(2n+1)$ representation be given as $(m_1,m_2,...,m_n)$ ($m_1\geq m_2 \geq .. \geq m_n \geq 0$) and the highest weight of a $SO(2n)$ representation be $(s_1,s_2,...,s_n)$ ...
4
votes
1answer
309 views

About using the character formula for $SO(2n)$.

I have known of the following equation for characters of a $SO(2n)$ representation with highest weights $(h_1,...,h_n)$ and for $(t_1,t_2,..,t_n,t_1^{-1},t_2^{-1},..,t_n^{-1})$ being the eigenvalues ...
0
votes
1answer
200 views

explicit realization of irreducible representations of simple lie algebras

I know explicit realization of irreducible representations of simple lie algebra $sl_n$ when the highest weight of that representation is a fundamental weight.Is there any explicit realization of any ...
3
votes
0answers
138 views

Homotopes of simple Lie algebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a complex simple Lie algebra with bracket $[x,y]$. For which $z\in \mathfrak{g}$ defines $$ \mu(x,y)=ad (z)([x,y])=[z,[x,y]] $$ another Lie bracket on the same vector space ? For ...
10
votes
1answer
276 views

Does the 'string property' finish Joseph's proof of Demazure character formula?

The too long, didn't read form of the question would simply be, has someone completed A. Joseph's proof of the Demazure character formula? Is Joseph's proof considered complete? In more detail, ...
8
votes
2answers
402 views

What is a Homotopy between $L_\infty$-algebra morphisms

A $L_\infty$-algebra can be defined in many different ways. One common way, that gives the 'right' kind of morphisms, is that a $L_\infty$-algebra is a graded cocommutative and coassociative ...
5
votes
2answers
414 views

When did the meaning of the term “metabelian” change?

I just realised that the meaning of the term "metabelian", when applied to groups, or Lie algebras, seems to have changed over years. (These days, it means that $[[G,G],[G,G]]$ is trivial, while in ...
1
vote
1answer
254 views

Irreducible quotient of $U\otimes V$

All modules here are finite dimensional. The field is over complex number. Let $U$ be an irreducible $\mathfrak{sl}_n$-module, and $V$ is a highest weight $\mathfrak{sl}_n$-module. Suppose $U\otimes ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Linear independence in (graded) Lie algebras

I asked a mixed-up version of this question earlier. The Lie algebras I have in mind are the homotopy Lie algebras of wedges of finitely many spheres (in dimensions greater than $1$). Thus each ...
17
votes
3answers
781 views

Is the sequence of partition numbers log-concave?

Let $p(n)$ denote the number of partitions of a positive integer $n$. It seems to me that we have for all $n>25$ $$ p(n)^2>p(n-1)p(n+1). $$ In other words, the sequence $(p(n))_{n\in ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

Exact sequence of L-infinity-algebras

We call a sequence of $L_\infty$-algebras (weak) maps $$0\to L\xrightarrow{f} M\xrightarrow{g} N\to 0$$ is exact if it is exact on the the underlying chain complexes level. Thought I don't know ...
6
votes
1answer
221 views

Easy argument for “connected simple real rank zero Lie groups are compact”?

Let $G$ be a connected simple Lie group. It is known that if $G$ has real rank zero, then $G$ is compact. Background: every connected (semi)simple Lie group $G$ (with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$) has ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

Lie algebras with a one-dimensional maximal subalgebra

Let L be a Lie algebra with a one-dimensional maximal subalgebra. Is the following true? Over a perfect field of characteristic 0 or p > 3, every such finite-dimensional Lie algebra is either ...
4
votes
1answer
164 views

Decomposing tensor products of modules for the orthogonal/symplectic groups in characteristic zero

I would like to know if there is a perfect analogue of the classical Littlewood-Richardson rule for decomposing tensor products of simple modules for the orthogonal/symplectic groups in characteristic ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Maurer-Cartan elements of the extension of an $L_{\infty}$-algebra

Let $g$ be a nilpotent $L_{\infty}$-algebra. For every commutative differential graded algebra $A$, one can form the extension $g\otimes A$ and endow it with a nilpotent $L_{\infty}$-algebra ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

A Isomorphism between the extension group and cohomology group of Lie algebras [closed]

Within the book An introduction to homological algebra by Weibel, I am trying to prove the following isomorphism, but I am not sure this is true. But I really want to know how to prove or disprove ...
7
votes
1answer
235 views

Restriction of highest-weight representations to Heisenberg subalgebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite-dimensional complex simple Lie algebra and $\tilde{\mathfrak{g}}=\mathfrak{g}((t))\oplus \mathbf{C}K\oplus \mathbf{C}d$ its Kac-Moody extension ($K$ is the level and $d$ ...
12
votes
2answers
370 views

Introducing division strategically in operads to accommodate formulas like the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula

I am not as familiar with operad terminology as I'd like to be, so I might be missing some well-known term in the area. If so, I'd appreciate any pointers to the correct terms. Consider the following ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Is it possible to compute the Iwahori Decomposition using the Chavalley Commutator Formulas?

Ideally, I would like a constructive, algorithmic proof of this fact. I have convinced myself that it is true, but my "proof" is not pretty. I would like to know if a more attractive or intuitive ...
9
votes
0answers
194 views

differentiating positive energy LG reps

Background:Let $G$ be a cscsc¹ Lie group, and let $\widetilde{LG}$ be the universal central extension (center = $S^1$) of $LG:=Map_{C^\infty}(S^1,G)$, with the topology inherited from the $C^\infty$ ...
1
vote
2answers
143 views

References request: representations of Heisenberg algebra.

Let $p_1, p_2, \ldots$, be the power sum symmetric functions. Let $p_n^* = n \frac{\partial}{\partial p_n}$. Then $$ p_n^* p_m - p_m p_n^* = \delta_{m, n} 1. $$ Where could I find this result in some ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

The orbit $(G\cdot X) \cap \mathfrak{t}$ for $X\in \mathfrak{t}$ singular

This question may be a simple problem for experts. Let $G$ be a connected compact Lie group and $T$ be its maximal torus. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ and $\mathfrak{t}$ be the corresponding Lie algebras. We ...
0
votes
1answer
180 views

non-locally simple $\mathcal{g}$-modules

I'm interested in an example of a simple $\mathcal{g}$-module $M$ over some locally simple Lie algebra say $\mathcal{g}\simeq gl(\infty)$ such that $M$ is not isomorphic to a direct limit of simple ...
4
votes
2answers
282 views

lie algebras, Kac Moody, and quantum mechanics book

Hi all, I've just finished a graduated course on Kac-Moody algebras, and I'm really looking for some reading in regard to their applications to Quantum Mechanics. Can you help?
-1
votes
1answer
249 views

identifying dual of lie algebra of general linear groups

Is there any reference for the following fact? I am looking for a nice and simple proof. Assume that $G=GL(n,C)$, the group of invertible $n\times n$ matrices with complex entries. Why can the dual ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Zero-divisors in a graded Lie algebra

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be positively graded Lie algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$, concentrated in even degrees. Question: If $\mathfrak{g}$ is not free, must there exist linearly independent elements ...
6
votes
5answers
414 views

Applications of Chevalley Restriction Theorem

Let $G$ be a simple linear algebraic group (over $\mathbb{C}$, say) and $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra, $\mathfrak{t}\subset \mathfrak{g}$ the Lie algebra of a maximal torus in $G$ and $W$ the ...
3
votes
3answers
414 views

Decomposition into irreducibles of symmetric powers of irreps.

Suppose I have an irreducible representation of a simple Lie algebra, say $\mathfrak{sl}(n)$ or $\mathfrak{so}(n)$ i.e., $A$ and $D$ type. Given such a representation, $\Gamma_\lambda$, indexed by its ...
-1
votes
1answer
244 views

Heisenberg Lie algebras

Dear forum, I would like to ask if $H(m)$ is the Heisenberg Lie algebra of dimension $2m+1$ and $M$ is an ideal of $H(m)$. Can we say that $M$ has a complement in $H(m)$?
9
votes
1answer
451 views

Why are affine Lie algebras called affine?

Hi. I was wondering if someone could explain why we call affine Lie algebras affine. Thanks! Oliver
4
votes
1answer
401 views

Algorithm to find exponential map of differential operators acting on function

I am trying to write a computer program which computes the action of the exponential of a differential operator on a function, for any given differential operator. Examples: $\exp(\varepsilon ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

Resolutions of Lie algebras

We have a good notion of dgc algebra resolutions of commutative algebras. Is there an explicit construction of a dg Lie algebra resolution of a Lie algebra?
11
votes
0answers
358 views

Source of a formula for tensor product multiplicities?

This is a follow-up to a recent question by Allen Knutson here, involving a special type of tensor product multiplicity for a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ over $\mathbb{C}$ (or other ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

Quantized conserved quantities appearing from the Lie-algebra

Hi, consider a simple situation in quantum mechanics: Your Hilbert space is $\mathcal{H}=L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$ and you use the obvious unitary representation $\pi\colon G=O(3)\times\mathbb{R}^3\to ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Connectedness of Springer Fibers

Let $G$ be a connected, simply-connected, complex semisimple Lie group with Lie algebra $\frak{g}$. Let $\mu:T^*\mathcal{B}\rightarrow\mathcal{N}$ be the Springer resolution of $\mathcal{N}$. If ...
0
votes
2answers
147 views

quasi-minuscule representations

Wich representations of $F_{4}$, $E_{8}$ and $G_{2}$ are quasi-minuscule?
2
votes
0answers
128 views

Explicit Lie May structure on cosimplicial DG Lie algebras

In the paper "Homotopy Lie algebras", Schechtman and Hinich proved that any cosimplicial differential graded Lie algebra has the structure of a 'Lie May algebra'. If my understanding is right here, ...
3
votes
1answer
216 views

'Generalised' coinvariant algebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a simple complex Lie algebra, and $\mathfrak{h}\subset\mathfrak{g}$ a Cartan subalgebra with Weyl group $W$. Consider the fibre product $\mathfrak{h}\times_{\mathfrak{g}} N$, ...
0
votes
0answers
174 views

polynomial representation of $sl_{2}(k)$

Let $k$ be an algebraic closed field of characteristic 0. We write $$X=\left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0 & 1\\ 0 & 0\\ \end{array} \right),~~ Y=\left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0 & 0\\ 1 & 0\\ ...
2
votes
1answer
313 views

Reference request - localisation de g-modules

Does anyone have a link to a copy of Beilinson-Bernstein's "Localisation de g-modules", in which they prove the Beilinson-Bernstein theorem? I can't find it anywhere.
1
vote
0answers
166 views

universal enveloping algebras and commutator subalgebras

Let $A$ and $B$ are Lie subalgebras of a Lie algebra $L$. $U(A)$, $U(B)$ and $U(L)$ are the universal enveloping algebras of $A$, $B$ and $L$, respectively. Let $[A, B]$ be the Lie subalgebras ...
2
votes
1answer
261 views

finite dimensional irreducible representation of finite dimensional nilpotent Lie algebra

Let $k$ be a field, $L$ be a finite dimensional nilpotent Lie algebra over $k$ and $M$ be a finite dimensional irreducible representation of $L$. Assume that there is a linear function $\rho : ...
5
votes
1answer
415 views

A question about the proof of Beilinson-Bernstein localisation

I'm trying to understand the proof of the Beilinson-Bernstein localisation theorem at the moment, but there's just one point where I'm having a mental block, and was wondering if anybody could clarify ...