Lie algebras are algebraic structures which were introduced to study the concept of infinitesimal transformations. The term "Lie algebra" (after Sophus Lie) was introduced by Hermann Weyl in the 1930s. In older texts, the name "infinitesimal group" is used. Related mathematical concepts include Lie ...

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221 views

An algorithm to compare two representations of a simple Lie algebra?

I have two representations of a simple (complex or real) finite-dimensional Lie algebra $S$, both given in terms of their structure constants on a given basis. the first one is the adjoint ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Computing maximal ideals of a Lie algebra

Would you know an algorithm (or an automatic method) that computes all maximal ideals $J$ of a given Lie algebra? Or an algorithm that computes all maximal ideals $J$ containing a given minimal ideal ...
2
votes
0answers
194 views

The geometry of the holomorph of a Lie group

Every Lie group $G$ is naturally contained in its holomorph Hol($G$) = $G \rtimes $ Aut($G$) Is Hol$(G)$ always a Lie group? If the answer is yes our main questions: 1.For a left ...
2
votes
3answers
335 views

What are Carnot groups?

I'm trying to learn the Pansu differentiability theorem and I need to know what Carnot groups are. Can someone please explain what Carnot groups are? An introductory reference would be greatly ...
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vote
1answer
107 views

Commutators of Schur polynomials of Lie algebra elements

Question: Is there a well-known formula for computing the commutators of Schur polynomials when the variables are Lie algebra elements? If the algebra has a particularly simple commutation relation, ...
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0answers
136 views

representation of $SO(p)\times SO(q)$ with $p,q$ odd

Assume $p,q$ odd. We denote by $\sigma_p$ the standard representation of $SO(p)$, that is the representation of $SO(p)$ acting on $\mathbf{R}^p$ as matrix. So is $\sigma_q$. Take $K=SO(p)\times ...
5
votes
2answers
260 views

Convention about “long” roots for simple Lie algebras of types ADE?

The classification of simple Lie algebras (over $\mathbb{C}$ or other sufficiently large field of characteristic 0) correlates these Lie algebras with the irreducible reduced root systems (in ...
2
votes
1answer
235 views

highest weight representations inside tensor product

Let $G$ be a semisimple simply connected group over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic zero, $B$ a Borel and $T$ a maximal torus. Let $\lambda,\mu,\nu$ be dominant characters of $T$. ...
4
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282 views

A vector space associated with a vector field on a symplectic manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a $2n$ dimensional symplectic manifold and $X$ is a smooth vector field on $M$. Consider the following subvector space of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$: $$S(X)=\{Y\in ...
5
votes
1answer
213 views

Closure order on nilpotent orbits in exceptional Lie algebras

Let $G$ be a simple algebraic group over the algebraically closed field $k$ of positive characteristic, and let ${\mathfrak g}={\rm Lie}(G)$. It is well known that there are finitely many nilpotent ...
4
votes
0answers
132 views

Finite-codimension subalgebras of generalized Kac-Moody lie algebras

Do generalized Kac-Moody lie algebras of infinite dimension contain subalgebras of finite codimension? If so, is there a classification?
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42 views

References about reality of minimal affinizations of quantum affine algebras

Let $U_q(\widehat{\mathfrak{g}})$ be the quantum affine algebra associated to a complex simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. A simple module $M$ of $U_q(\widehat{\mathfrak{g}})$ is called real if $M ...
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107 views

Connection between Lie algebras and fusion rings

Example: Take the irreps of $SU(2)$: $0,1/2,1,...$ (Spin notation.) The quantum dimensions are $1,q+1/q,q^2+q+1+1/q+1/q^2,...$. At $q=(-1)^{1/5}$ this evaluates to $1,\phi,0,...$ and you get the ...
7
votes
3answers
252 views

Polarizations generate the ring of invariants?

The symmetric group $S_n$ acts on $\mathbb R^n$ by permuting the coordinates and the ring of polynomial invariants is generated by the elementary symmetric polynomials. If we restrict the action to ...
3
votes
1answer
245 views

Weyl groups of $E_6$ and $E_7$

The Weyl group $W_6$ of the Lie algebra $E_6$ is of order 51840, the automorphism group of the unique simple group of order 25920, while the Weyl group $W_7$ of the Lie algebra $E_7$ is of order ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Questions about the $\mathbf{i}$-trails of Berenstein and Zelevinsky

The $\mathbf{i}$-trails of Berenstein and Zelevinsky was introduced on page 5 (Definition 2.1) in this paper. It is defined as follows. Let $\gamma, \delta \in \mathfrak{h}^*$. Let ${\bf i}=(i_1, ...
1
vote
1answer
191 views

Can we find structure constants of Lie Algebra for Lie Symmetry of ODE without solving determining equations?

Let's consider (for example) one scalar ODE. We are searching for Lie Symmetries of it. There is well-known result, that we can find size of Symmetry Group without solving determining equations. ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Extension of an involutive automorphism

Suppose that $g$ is a complex semi-simple Lie algebra and $g'$ its reductive subalgebra. If $\tau$ is an involutive automorphism of $g'$, can $\tau$ be extended to an involutive automorphism of $g$ ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Link between Virasoro algebra and Heisenberg algebra

I'm reading these notes on infinite-dimensional Lie algebras. On page 5, author defines Heisenberg algebra and shows that certain infinite sums of elements of Heisenberg algebra (I'm being a little ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

Inequality for the index of a Lie algebra using its Levi decomposition

The answers to this question indicate that there is a fairly vast literature on the index of Lie algebras. Unfortunately I was not able to find in this literature (or maybe to extract from it) an ...
2
votes
2answers
248 views

Closure relations between Bruhat cells on the flag variety

Given a Lie group $G$ over $\mathbb{C}$ and a Borel subgroup $B$. There is this famous Bruhat decomposition of the flag variety $G/B$. How do we prove the closure relations between the cells, which ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Conjugacy class of semisimple elements

Let $G$ be a complex simple Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ and $G_1$ be a complex simple subgroup of $G$ with Lie algebra $\mathfrak g_1$. We may assume $G$ and $G_1$ to be of adjoint type. ...
7
votes
1answer
269 views

What is the relation between spherical principal series representations of a reductive Liegroup and Verma modules for its Lie algebra?

Here is an issue that thoroughly confuses me. I hope I can express it in a way that is clear cut enough for this site. Let $G$ be a real reductive Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be the complexification ...
2
votes
2answers
189 views

How to find the multiplicity of weight in a Verma module?

In particular, let $\mathfrak g$ be the semisimple Lie algebra of type $A_{2}$ et let $\alpha,\beta$ be its simple roots. How can the multiplicity of weight $-2\alpha -3\beta$ be calculated in the ...
5
votes
1answer
115 views

How can the generators of subalgebra $\mathfrak g^{\sigma}$ of $\sigma$-stable elements be expressed through generators of Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$?

Let $\mathfrak g$ be the semisimple Lie algebra of type $D_{4}$. Let $\sigma$ be the 3-rd order automorphism of $\mathfrak g$ induced by the triality of $D_{4}$: $$ ...
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vote
1answer
142 views

Does the associated Lie algebra determine a group?

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathcal{L}_G(k)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...
6
votes
1answer
106 views

Injectivity of Rewrite Rule in a Free Lie Algebra

Let $L$ be a free Lie algebra (over $\mathbb{Q}$) on generators $x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_n$, and let $V_k$ be the subspace spanned by the $k$-fold brackets. Let $U_1 = \mathrm{span}\{ x_i | i< ...
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vote
0answers
268 views

Testing the faithfulness of group homomorphisms by testing on the level of induced Lie Algebras

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathrm{gr}_k(G)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Reducible reductive Lie subalgebras of so(p,q)

Is it true that $S(O(p) \times O(q))$ is the only proper subgroup of $SO(p,q)$ of full rank acting on the natural representation $\mathbb{R}^{p+q}$ of $SO(p,q)$ that stabilizes a $p$-dimensional ...
5
votes
4answers
315 views

Breaking up the free Lie algebra into Gl irreps

The free Lie algebra $L(V)$ generated by an $r$-dimensional vector space $V$ is, in the language of https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_Lie_algebra , the free Lie algebra generated by any choice of ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Whitehead's second Lemma and invariants of exterior square

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$ and let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite dimensional semisimple $k$-Lie algebra. By Whitehead's second Lemma, we know that $H^{2}(\mathfrak{g}, ...
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votes
0answers
39 views

defining generators for Hamilton lie algebra

By definition, the Hamiltonian algebra over $GF(2)$. $$H(2r; n):=\text{span}_F \{D_H(x^α) | α ∈A(m; n), α \neq π\}$$ such that $π=(2^{m_1}-1,...,2^{m_n}-1)$. Now I want to know what happens for ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

Weyl group of a symmetric space

Let $G/K$ be a symmetric space of a non-compact type, i.e. $G$ is a semi-simple connected Lie group, and $K$ is its maximal compact subgroup. Helgason in his book "Differential geometry and symmetric ...
9
votes
0answers
177 views

Irreducible representations of Weyl group of F$_4$ on zero weight spaces?

This is a follow-up to a recent question here concerning the natural representation of a Weyl group $W$ on the zero weight space of an irreducible representation $L(\lambda)$ of highest weight ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Associated graded Lie algebra of braid groups

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathcal{L}_G(k)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

perfect Lie algebra with a nonabelian solvable radical

Suppose you want to construct a perfect Lie algebra with a nonabelian solvable radical $\mathfrak{r}$, say with a commutator series of length 2. What are the conditions that guarantee the Lie algebra ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Some questions on analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations

I would like to ask a number of questions about the theory of analytic vectors and the integrability of Lie-algebra representations, but before I do so, let me fix the terminology to be used in this ...
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0answers
67 views

Generalized weight space

In their paper Lepowsky and Mcmollum sketch theory of weights in a more general setting. Here is their definition of a weight space: If $A$ is a subset of $\mathfrak g$ and $\lambda$ is a function ...
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0answers
87 views

Fundamental invariants for root subsystems

Let $\Phi$ be an irreducible root system of rank $\ell$. The fundamental invariants of $\Phi$ is a set of $\ell$ integers $d_1, \cdots, d_\ell$ canonically attached to $\Phi$. Now suppose $\Psi$ is ...
3
votes
4answers
601 views

Representations of the two dimensional non-abelian Lie algebra

I would like to know a complete description of the indecomposable representations of the two dimensional non-abelian Lie algebra over the complex numbers. The finite dimensional representations would ...
5
votes
3answers
346 views

Poincare duality for (co)homology of Lie algebras?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $\mathfrak{g}$ a Lie $R$-algebra that has an $R$-module basis with $n$ elements. In Algebra, Geometry, and Software Systems by Joswig & Takayama on p.200 it ...
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votes
2answers
171 views

Any duality between different real forms of a complex Lie group? [closed]

A complex Lie group may have several real forms. Are there any duality/trinity... between them? Maybe a trivial question to ask, is $SL(3,\mathbb{C})$ a real form of $SL(3,\mathbb{C})\times ...
6
votes
3answers
425 views

Generators of invariant polynomials of semisimple Lie algebra

Suppose $\mathfrak{g}$ is a complex semi-simple Lie algebra. By a theorem of Chevalley, we know that $S(\mathfrak{g})^\mathfrak{g}$, i.e. the $\mathfrak{g}$ invariant polynomials, is generated by $l$ ...
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votes
2answers
798 views

Is homology finitely generated as an algebra?

If a differential graded algebra is finitely generated as an algebra, is its homology finitely generated as an algebra? Is it easier if we impose any of the three conditions: characteristic zero; ...
1
vote
1answer
212 views

When is the Ad (Adjoint Representation) Morphism a Closed Map

Given a Lie group $\mathfrak{G}$ with finite centre and with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, I am looking at a simple proof that negative definite Killing form implies compactness. This proof is given ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Fixed Point Algebras of Adjoint Actions of Banach Lie groups

I have the following question: Let a be an element in a connected Banach Lie group G (over K, where K is the reals or the complex numbers). We assume that G is not trivial, that has more than one ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Basics on lattice in classical groups

as a beginner,I am not sure whether this question is too basic to post here./-\。 Many textbook will talk about the prototypical example SL(n,Z)\SL(n,R), which can be identified with the space of ...
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vote
0answers
89 views

Examples of Lie subalgebras of universal enveloping algebras

I'm looking for non-trivial examples of triples $(\mathfrak g, L, \psi)$, where $\mathfrak g$ and $L$ are finite-dimensional non-abelian Lie algebras over field $\Bbbk$ and $\psi\colon U_{\mathfrak ...
11
votes
1answer
253 views

Variety of nilpotent Lie algebras or $p$-groups

Here's a couple of analogous questions, one in terms of finite-dimensional complex Lie algebras and one in terms of finite $p$-groups; I'd be interested in an answer to either: 1) Let $\mathcal{L}$ ...
3
votes
4answers
214 views

Nilradical of a Lie algebra associated to a associative algebra

Let $A$ be a finite dimensional (unital) $K$-Algebra. By $A^{\circ}$ we denote the associated $K$-Lie-algebra of $A$ with respect to the product $a\circ b:=ab-ba$. In addition, we denote by ...