**2**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Attainability of Global Optima In Optimal Control

Given a manifold $M$ and a set of smooth functions of one real variable $\mathcal{A}$ and a 'control system' type first order differential equation:
$\frac{d x(t)}{dt} = F(x,u)$
one can consider the ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

164 views

### Classifying compact homogeneous Kähler manifolds

In this comprehensive answer to an old question, it is stated that
Flag manifolds exhaust all compact homogeneous Kähler manifolds corresponding to a compact connected semi-simple Lie group.
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Regular functions on nilpotent orbits and their covers

Let $G$ be a complex semisimple algebraic group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$.
In 1989 McGovern described the structure (as $G$-module) of the ring of regular functions on a finite cover of the ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Failure of surjectivity in Hotta-Springer specialization: examples for special unipotents?

Last weekend's workshop on Springer theory and its generalizations at UMass demonstrated how far the subject has expanded over four decades, but the original set-up for the Springer correspondence ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### What's the story with the Hopf fibration and the Jacobi identity?

I like the Hopf fibration of the 3-sphere $S^3$ enough that I found a nice way to make a physical model of it. All you need is to combine a bunch of key rings in such a way that (ii) every pair of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

329 views

### Lie algebra and base change

I am very confused by the following and would appreciate any help.
Let $\mu_p \subset \mathbb{G}_m$ be the $p$-torsion subgroup scheme of the multiplicative group over $\mathbb{Z}_p$. I would like to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Orbits in the adjoint representation of $SU(2,1)$

How can one describe the orbits of the Lie group $G=\mathrm{SU}(2,1)$ in its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{su}(2,1)$ with respect to the adjoint representation?

**5**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Plethysm of $S^3(S^2V)$ as $\mathfrak{sl}_3(\mathbb{C})$-module

I have asked this question in MSE before, but have not got any answer. So here I am asking it again with some more detail.
I believe that the following sequence of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Where does the algebraic closure enter into Block's Theorem?

When applying Block's Theorem on the structure of differentiably simple rings to Lie algebras most authors require an algebraically closed field, but I can see no reference to algebraic closure in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### When is the image of the adjoint representation of a real algebraic group Zariski closed?

Let $\operatorname{Ad}:\operatorname{SL}_n(\mathbb{R}) \to \operatorname{GL}(\mathfrak{sl}_n(\mathbb{R}))$ be the adjoint representation (i.e. $\operatorname{Ad}(g)X=gXg^{-1}$) of $SL_n(\mathbb{R})$. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Homogeneous Quaternionic-Kähler Structure of the Grassmannians?

Paraphrasing from Cortes' notes:
The quaternionic Kähler condition for a manifold $M$, means that $\operatorname{End}(T(M))$ admits a
parallel subbundle $Q$ which is locally spanned by $3$
...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

380 views

### Confusion about Subcategories of Category $\mathcal{O}$

So, in learning about category $\mathcal{O}$ representations of a semisimple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, I've come across two natural kinds of subcategories, and I think I'm confused about their ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Singularities of the Quantum propagator (baby version)

Given $a,b \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$ which are taken to generate the whole algebra, consider the following map $V:\mathbb{R}^{2} \rightarrow SU(4)$:
$V : (w_1, w_{2}) \mapsto e^{(a+w_2 b)} e^{(a+w_1 b)}$
...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

310 views

### $(L, \nabla)$ comes from a $G$-bundle with connection for some abelian algebraic subgroup $G \subset GL(n)$?

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$. How do I prove, without using transcendental methods, that if $\nabla$ is an integrable connection on a vector bundle $L$ on $A$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Centralizer of hermitian matrices with zero trace

In Quantum Physics one often has to deal with commutators.
Here I want to denote by $H_0$ the set of all hermitian matrices with trace equal to zero!
One can easily relate it to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

103 views

### A simple Lie algebra with modules of a particular type

I’m trying to copy the following construction of P. Forster in group theory for Lie algebras. He takes a non-abelian simple group E which has an FpE-module V such that R = Rad(V ) is faithful and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Double loop groups and cohomology

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over $\mathbb{C}$ of Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$.
What is the value of $H^{3}(\mathfrak{g}((t))((s)),\mathbb{C})$?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### An irreducible Lie algebra module decomposition over a subalgebra

My question in the most simple form:
Let $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{g}_1\oplus \mathfrak{g}_2$ be a direct sum of simple finite-dimensional Lie algebras over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $M$ be a ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Finding $U,V$ in Thompson's Formula

Thompson's formula says, given $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$, there exists $U,V \in SU(n)$ such that:
$e^{A}e^{B}=e^{UAU^{\dagger} + VBV^{\dagger}}$
Given $a,b \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$ defined by:
$a=J_x ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### The role of the Vandermonde determinant in representations of affine Lie algebras

I am reading a paper 'Yangians and R-matrices' by Chari & Pressley (1990) and to classify representations for particular quantum groups, they define a "quantum Vandermonde determinant". They also ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Invariant polynomials with respect to group actions on matrices

Let $\mathfrak{gl}_n(\mathbb{R})$ be the Lie algebra of matrices with real entries and $GL_n(\mathbb{R})$ its associated Lie group. Recall that a linear subgroup $G \subseteq GL_n(\mathbb{R})$ acts by ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

122 views

### Level sets on $SU(4)$

Given $G \in SU(4)$, what are the level sets of the function $F:SU(n)\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ defined by $F(V) = |tr(G^{\dagger}V)|^2$?
Can they be written only in terms of abstract linear maps, not ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Simultaneous integral equation on $SU(n)$

Consider a smooth curve $U_s:[0,T] \rightarrow SU(4)$ which solves:
$\frac{d U_s}{ds} = (a + w(s)b)U_s$
for some given $a,b \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$ (which generate $\mathfrak{su}(n)$) and a smooth ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Lie algebra of holomorphic vector fields

It's well known that the holomorphic vector fields on a complex manifold form a Lie algebra. In simplest situations, this Lie algebra can be described explicitly.
For example, take $X=\mathbb{P}^n$, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

131 views

### Curves on $SU(4)$ whose adjoint action on $\mathfrak{su}(4)$ integrates to $0$

Given $\xi \in \mathfrak{su}(4)$ and positive $T \in \mathbb{R}$, is it possible to find all smooth curves $U_s \in SU(4)$ with $U_0 = I$ such that
$$\int_0^T U_s \xi U_s^{\dagger} ds =0\; ?$$

**1**

vote

**2**answers

129 views

### Does an analytic tensorial Lie structure on $S^2$ gives a fiberwise Abelian Lie algebra structure?

Motivated by the answer to this question we ask:
Is it true to say that for every real analytic tensorial Lie algebra structure $\alpha$ on $\chi^{\infty}(S^2)$, all fibers are necessarily ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

126 views

### Manifold_Lie algebra compatibility

In this question we try to improve some parts of this post as follows:
What is an example of a manifold $M$ and a Lie algebra $L$ (with the same dimension) such that $M$ does not admit ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

453 views

### Some questions about the Malcev completion

Let $G$ be an abstract group. The Malcev completion $\widehat{G}$ of $G$ (over $\mathbb{Q}$) is the set of group-like elements in the complete Hopf algebra $\widehat{\mathbb{Q}[G]} = \lim_n ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Faithful linear representation of a nilpotent Lie algebra

Let
\begin{align}
\mathfrak{g} = Span_{\mathbb{C}}\{ e_1, e_2, e_3, e_4, e_5: \text{ non-zero brackets are } [e_1, e_i]=e_{i+1}, i=2,3,4, [e_2, e_3]=e_5 \}
\end{align}
be a $5$-dimensional Lie ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

86 views

### Normalized invariant form on a Kac-Moody Algebra

For a symmetrizable Kac-Moody Algebra, we can define a normalized invariant form that performs the same role as the Killing form in the finite dimensional case. My question is, do these forms ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

241 views

### Meaning of $[A,B]$ when $A$, $B$ are self-adjoint

This is just a question about notation, but it got no useful answers on math.stackexchange.
Let $L$ be the Lie algebra of $n\times n$ Hermitian matrices, with Lie bracket $(A,B)\mapsto i(AB-BA)$.
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

297 views

### A question about $O(3,1)$

Recall that $O(3,1)$ is the collection of matrices $A\in M_4(\mathbb R)$ such that
$$A\begin{pmatrix}1 ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

394 views

### What is the homomorphism between the third exterior and third symmetric power of the adjoint representation of a simple Lie algebra?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the adjoint representation of a simple Lie algebra (which is not of type $A$). Then the space of intertwiners between the third exterior power of $\mathfrak{g}$ and the third ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### Matrix from a homomorphism of simply connected groups

Let $H$ be a simple algebraic group of type $\mathbf{G}_2$ over $\mathbb{C}$.
Let $\rho$ be the standard 7-dimensional complex representation
$$ \rho\colon H=\mathbf{G}_2\to \mathrm{SO}_7.$$
We ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Do the values of the differential of a function on a Lie group with a single maximum span the Lie algebra?

Consider: a vector field $X=\nabla \phi$ on a compact, semi-simple, connected matrix Lie group $G$ where $\phi$ as a smooth scalar field on $G$ possessing only a single maxima which topologically is a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Check symplectomorphism property on infinitesimal generators

I stumbled over the following question:
First, let me give the basic definition of a symplectic group action:
Let $(M, \omega)$ be a symplectic manifold and $G$ a Lie group. A smooth action $\Phi:G ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### What does “control of a deformation problem” mean?

Is the expression "control of a deformation problem' ever defined? There are of course many examples relating a dg-Lie or L-infty algebra to a deformation problem, and the phrase is evocative. Is it ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

78 views

### Classification of finite dimensional Lie subalgebras of $\mathbb R[q^1,\dots,q^n,p_1,\dots,p_n]$

Do there exist results towards answering the following question?
Consider the Poisson algebra of regular functions $A=\mathbb R[V]$ on the symplectic vector space $V:=T^* \mathbb R^n$. Using ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Poincaré inequality for connected Lie groups

Let $G$ be a compactly generated second countable locally compact group, and let $\mu$ be a probability measure which is:
symmetric,
adapted (in the sense that there is no proper subgroup $H$ such ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

136 views

### Lie Algebras over DVRs and basechange to the completion

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring containing an algebraically closed field $K$ of characteristic zero and let $L$ be a Lie algebra over $R$ whose underlying $R$-module is finitely generated and ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

177 views

### Permutable (Lie) subgroups

Let's recall that, a group $G$ being given,
two subgroups $A,B\subset G$ are called
permutable iff $AB=BA$ for the Minkowski
law. It is straightforward to see that $(A,B)$
are permutable iff $AB$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Solving $\lambda U^{\dagger}V -\bar{\lambda} V^{\dagger}U = A$ [closed]

Given an $A \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$, is it always possible to solve for $U,V \in SU(n)$ and $\lambda \in \mathbb{C}$ such that $\lambda U^{\dagger}V -\bar{\lambda} V^{\dagger}U = A$?
Cross posted from ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### A proof of the Ibragimov et al. commutation relation

Let $u_a(x),\,a=1,2,\ldots n$ be a $n$-component field in Minkowski spacetime
$x^\mu,\,\mu=0,1,2,3$ and let $u_{a,\,\mu}=\frac{du_a}{dx^\mu}$. Let us introduce two operators (we use Einstein ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

235 views

### What are the “tensor-closed” object of the BGG category $\mathcal{O}$ of a semisimple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite dimensional complex semisimple Lie algebra and we can consider its BGG category $\mathcal{O}$. It is well-known that $\mathcal{O}$ is not closed under tensor product, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Gradient on $SU(n)$

I'm trying to calculate the gradient (wrt to the bi-invariant metric) of the following functions $F_1, F_2 : SU(n) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ defined by $F_1(U) = | Tr (G^{\dagger} U) |^2$, $F_2(U) = \Re ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Homological dimension of Joseph quotients

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a simple Lie algebra over $\mathbb C$ not isomorphic to $sl(n)$.
Let $\mathcal O$ be the minimal nilpotent orbit in $\mathfrak g^*$. Joseph proved that there exists unique ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Infinite-dimensional admissible representations of SL(2,C)

I'm working in my research with the infinite dimensional (admissible) irreducible representations of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$ introduced by Harish-Chandra in his paper "Infinite Irreducible ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

283 views

### Jacobson-Morozov theorem

Jacobson-Morozov theorem for a semisimple algebraic group $G$ (presumably I am working over algebraically closed field) states that: given a unipotent u, there exists a homomorphism $\phi$ from $SL_2$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Restricted Burnside Problem: Lower bound nilpotency class

Let $p$ be a prime and let $F$ be a free group of rank $d\geq 1$.
Kostrikin [1] proved that the $d$-generated Burnside group $B=B(d,p)=F/F^p$
of exponent $p$ has a maximal finite quotient
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### What is Jantzen's formula for the determinant of the Shapovalov form in the case of generalized Verma modules?

The best reference I found is
[Kac, Kazhdan '79]
which extends the results of Shapovalov and Jantzen to the case of infinite dimensional Lie algebras.
Theorem 1 of this paper gives the Shapovalov ...