Lie algebras are algebraic structures which were introduced to study the concept of infinitesimal transformations. The term "Lie algebra" (after Sophus Lie) was introduced by Hermann Weyl in the 1930s. In older texts, the name "infinitesimal group" is used. Related mathematical concepts include Lie ...

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Are two distinct Weyl chambers always disjoint?

Let $G$ be a real semisimple Lie group; we suppose $G$ is connected and centerless. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra, $\mathfrak{a}$ a Cartan subspace of $\mathfrak{g}$ (i. e. a maximal abelian ...
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257 views

Cohomological Proof of Serre Relations for a Symmetrizable Kac-Moody Algebra

In 'Infinite Dimensional Lie Algebras, 3rd edition', Kac mentions at the top of p. 170 that 'a simple cohomological proof of Theorem 9.11 was found by O. Mathieu (unpublished)'. Does anyone know how ...
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207 views

homogeneous algebras

Let $A$ be a finite dimensional algebra over finite field (not necessarily associative). Then $A$ is said to be homogeneous if $Aut(A)$ acts transitively on the one-dimensional subspace of A. If A is ...
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121 views

Comparison of two infinite dimensional Lie Algebras

Is there an example of a real analytic (compact) manifold $M$ such that the following two lie algebras are isomorphic Lie algebras: $\chi^{\infty}(M)$, the Lie algebra of all smooth vector ...
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48 views

A canonical map Aut$_{\mathsf{Lie}_R}(\mathfrak{n} \rtimes_\pi \mathfrak{g}) \to$ Aut$_{\mathsf{Lie}_R}(\mathfrak{n})$

Let $\mathfrak{n}$, $\mathfrak{g} \in \mathsf{Lie}_R$ be two Lie algebras over a commutative ring $R$, s.t. $\mathfrak{g}$ acts on $\mathfrak{n}$ as a derivation: $\pi:\mathfrak{g} \to ...
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219 views

Dimension of the nilpotent centralizer of a nilpotent matrix

Fix a natural number $n$ and an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{gl}_n(k)$. For any partition of $n$, $\lambda=(\lambda_1,\ldots,\lambda_r)$, let $A_{\lambda}$ be the ...
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279 views

Lie algebraic Grassmannian

Assume that $L$ is a Lie algebra structure on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$, and $1<k<n$ is given. We define $Gr(k,n)_{L}$, the space of all $k$ dimensional Lie subalgebra of $(\mathbb{R}^{n}, L)$. For ...
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89 views

Subgroups of $GL(n,\mathbb{R})$ which are $Aut(L)$ for some Lie structure [closed]

What is a sufficient condition for a lie subgroup $G$ of $GL(n,\mathbb{R})$ to be the automorphism group of a Lie structure on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. In particular does $O(n)$ satisfies this property?
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151 views

A Manifold for which $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ is rich

Is there a manifold $M$ for which $\chi^{\infty} (M)$, the lie algebra of smooth vector fields on $M$ contains all finite dimensional Lie algebras(Up to isomorphism)? A weaker question: Is there a ...
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1answer
156 views

The set of leaves of the distribution $D$ on coadjoint orbit $O_{\mu}$

Let $G$ be a compact connected Lie group and $O_{\mu}$ be a coadjoint orbit where $\mu\in \mathfrak{g}^*$ and $\mathfrak{g}^*$ is the dual of the Lie algebra of $\mathfrak{g}=\mathrm{Lie}(G)$. Let ...
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339 views

Which nilpotent Lie algebras appear as nilradicals of parabolic subalgabras?

I am interested to identify (ideally classify) nilpotent Lie algebras that occur as nilradicals of parabolic subalgebras in (say) reductive Lie algebras. For example, all Heisenberg Lie algebras ...
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322 views

Root space decomposition

What is the root system for the special unitary lie algebra $\mathfrak{su}(p, q)$. Remind that these are matrices of the form $\left( \begin{array}{cc} X & Y \\ \overline{Y}^t & Z ...
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1answer
109 views

Reference to definition of matrix log with domain SO(3) which is Borel measurable

I was trying to set up an inverse to matrix exponential $\exp:\mathrm{Skew}(3\times 3)\to SO(3)$ that "covers" the biggest possible domain and is Borel measurable. I was wondering if there is a ...
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101 views

(Graded) Lie algebras with “nice” irreps

"(The only Lie algebras for which) all finite-dimensional representations are completely reducible (are the semisimple Lie algebras)" (Chapman, here on MO). Evidently this can't no longer hold when ...
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102 views

On Eigenvalues of the symmetric linear transformation related to a lie algebra's representation?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a quadratic (finite dimensional) lie algebra and $\rho:\mathfrak{g}\rightarrow \mathfrak{gl}(W)$ be an anti-symmetric representation of $\mathfrak{g}$ on a finite dimensional ...
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142 views

Replacing the Lie commutator with something else [closed]

Take a vector space $V={A,B,C,...}$ (of matrices), and the commutator $[A,B]=AB-BA$, then a Lie algebra of $V$ is characterized by $[V,V]$ staying in $V$. (Loosely speaking.) What happens ...
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227 views

labeling state vectors in representation space of a simple lie algebra

Given a simple lie algebra (over ${\mathbb C}$ or ${\mathbb R}$). What is the number of operators such that their eigenvalues sufficiently label all state vectors in the algebra's representation ...
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302 views

Mathematica package for Lie algebra computations?

I am interested in performing Lie algebra computations in Mathematica. I did a bit of searching and found several packages (LieART, KILLING, SuperLie, maybe more), and wondered if anyone would ...
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43 views

Analytic vectors of elliptic elements of the enveloping algebra in a strongly continuous representation of a Lie group

Let $G$ be a semi-simple real Lie group, and $\rho$ a strongly continuous unitary representation of $G$ in a Hilbert space $H$. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra and $d\rho$ be the infinitesimal ...
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240 views

Heisenberg subalgebras of affine Lie algebras

It seems to be "well-known" that (infinite-dimensional) Heisenberg subalgebras of an affine Lie algebra $\hat{\mathfrak{g}}$ corresponding to a finite-dimensional simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ of ...
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82 views

Adjoint orbit of two vectors

Let $G$ be a simple compact real Lie group and let $\mathfrak g$ be its Lie algebra. Let $u,v\in \mathfrak g$ be two distinct unit vectors and $H\subset \mathfrak g$ be a hyperplane with normal vector ...
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194 views

Finding the 2nd homotopy group $\pi_2(G^\mathbb{C}/P)$

Let $G$ be a compact connected and simply connected Lie group and $G^\mathbb{C}$ be the complexification of Lie group (with is diffeomorphic with $G^\mathbb{C}\cong T^*G$) then I am looking for ...
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53 views

“Unicolor” irreps (R is in RxR)

If $R$ occurs in the Clebsch-Gordan series $R\bigotimes{R}$, I call an irrep $R$ of a Lie algebra "unicolor" - for the obvious reason that you can color any cubic graph with $R$ only and get (at least ...
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120 views

Examples of divisible Lie algebras

We say that a nonzero Lie algebra $L$ is divisible, if for all elements $a$ and $b$ with $a\neq 0$, there exists $x\in L$ such that $[a, x]=b$. What are examples of divisible Lie algebras?
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Generalizations of Lie algebras

I often stumble over the term "Lie superalgebra" (= "Lie algebra with a $\mathbb{Z}_2$ grading"). Obvious question: What about $\mathbb{Z}_3$ grading (and so on)? Is a Lie algebra with $\mathbb{Z}_n$ ...
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147 views

Each coadjoint orbit of a compact connected Lie group $G$ admits a $G$-invariant generalized complex structure

I am looking for a proof or counterexample for following assertion Each coadjoint orbit of a compact connected Lie group $G$ admits a $G$-invariant generalized complex structure (In sense of ...
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118 views

Physical relevance of either fundamental identity generalizing Jacobi [closed]

There are two fundamental identities for n-ary generalizations of the Jacobi identity. One fundamental identity is right for Nambu mechanics and such, the other for L_\infty algebras as in CSFT. Which ...
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259 views

Injectivity of Lie group exponential function

If $G$ is a (finite-dimensional) Lie group, then the exponential function $\exp\colon\mathfrak{g}\to G$ is injective on some identity neighbourhood. If, moreover, $\mathfrak{g}$ is semi-simple and ...
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261 views

Summary of Lie-Algebra integration tactics

If this is in the scope of MO, I would like to gather here the known tactics of Lie algebra integration, since it appear surprisingly hard to find such a compendium, library or any other kind of ...
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168 views

A question on Lie algebras

To what extent, the following types of Lie algebras are classified : Those Lie algebras $L$ such that every Lie Group $G$ with $Li(G)\sim L$, is necessarily compact.
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134 views

adjoint action of a Levi subalgebra

We work over an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a reductive Lie algebra and let $\mathfrak{p}\supset\mathfrak{m}$ be a parabolic subalgebra, respectively a Levi ...
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367 views

Origin of symbols used for half-sum of positive roots in Lie theory?

The Weyl character formula is a central result in the finite dimensional representation theory of semisimple Lie groups, algebraic groups, Lie algebras. Related questions on MO include these here ...
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117 views

A question on lie groups( Lie algebras)

What is an example of a compact Lie group $G$ which is not isomorphic to a product of two nontrivial lie groups and satisfies the following property: There are two non zero vector fields $X, Y \in ...
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1answer
67 views

Hermitian symmetric structure on a homogeneous subspace

Let $G$ be a semisimple group over $Q$ and $K$ a maximal compact subgroup of $G(R)^+$. I am assuming that $G(R)^+/K$ has a structure of a non-compact Hermitian symmetric domain. Let $g= p + k$ be ...
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105 views

Derivations of algebra of smooth $g$-valued function?

Let $M$ is a smooth n-manifold and $g$ is a $Z_2$-graded Lie algebra, we denote the algebra of smooth $g$-valued function on $M$ by $C^{\infty} (M,g)$. I wanna find all graded derivation of ...
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A question on the resolution of parabolic Verma module $M_I(\lambda)$ in BGG category O

I am reading Humphrey's book "Representations of semisimple Lie algebras in the BGG Category O" on Page 189, Proposition 9.6, where he remarked that "Note that if we had developed the full BGG ...
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430 views

How was this Lie algebra found?

In a paper the author lists, without justification, generators for a Lie algebra. I would be grateful if someone could justify these choices and perhaps suggest how I might have found them for myself. ...
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425 views

Getting the story of Dynkin and Satake diagrams straight

I've been trying to teach myself the theory of Lie groups. The sources I've been reading reference Lie algebras in the context of Dynkin and Satake diagrams, but not Lie groups (which I am more ...
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1answer
268 views

Associators, Grothendieck-Teichmüller group and monoidal categories

The standard definition of an associator seems to be that it a a grouplike power series in two variables $x$ and $ y $ satisfying some pentagon and hexagon relations. In other words, denoting by $ ...
4
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1answer
224 views

The existence of a finite dimensional Lie algebra with a given symmetric invariant metric

The question is motivated by a more broad perspective in another MO post and here, but here we would like to understand a specific case (our question potentially connects to / is motivated b Quantum ...
4
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1answer
250 views

Finite dimensional Lie algebra with non-degenerate invariant bilinear forms $\Omega_{ab}$

Firstly, my apology to MO experts that I am in a more science/physics background (a PhD). So please feel free refine/modify/comment my language if I have different math accents than yours. From ...
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2answers
347 views

Complete classification of six dimensional non-semi simple Lie algebra

I would aim to know the complete classification of 6 dimensional non-semi simple Lie algebra (here the dimension stands for the generators; or the dimension $\leq 6$). In this paper, in page 7, it ...
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306 views

Lie groups vs Lie monoids

Does there exist a well developed theory of a class of objects which might rightfully be called Lie monoids? By this I mean with axioms similar to those of Lie grousp but with the axiomatic existence ...
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152 views

The centralizer of Lienard equation

Consider the lienard vector field $\cases{ x'=y -F(x) \\ y'=-x } $ in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$, where $F$ is a polynomial fuction with $F(0)=0$. Assume that $Y$ is a smooth vector field globally defined ...
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150 views

Highest weights of irreducible components of tensor product of irreducible sl(3)-module [closed]

I am study the representation theory of $sl(3)$ and I have a question about the tensor representation of irreducible $sl(3)$-modules as follows: For each weight $\mu$, let $L(\mu)$ be the irreducible ...
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1answer
145 views

Right Invariant Randers metrics

I'm hoping to determine the geodesic equation for a right invariant Randers metric $F(x) = \sqrt{a(x,x)} + b(x)$ on $SU(N)$. In my special case the navigation data $(h,W)$ for the Randers metric are ...
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195 views

How to find faces of polytope defined by a Weyl orbit

A few days ago I asked the following question at MSE and received no answer. I thought I would try here. Let $\xi$ be an integral dominant weight of an irreducible root system $\Delta$, and let ...
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1answer
163 views

A class of Lie groups with $f^{abc} \neq -f^{acb}$ (not fully anti-symmetrized) or $f^{abc} \neq f^{bca}$ (not-cyclic)

With the motivation to understand the Lie group structure constraint on a non-Abelian Chern-Simons theory, could some experts give a class of Lie groups with structure constants cannot fully ...
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3answers
598 views

Reg the motivation behind Lusztig-Vogan bijection

Let $G$ be an algebraic group. Choose a Borel subgroup $B$ and a maximal Torus $T \subset B$. Let $\Lambda$ be the set of weights wrt $T$ and let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the lie algebra of $G$. Now, ...
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403 views

History of Jordan Canonical Form?

Can anyone suggest a reference that discusses the history of the Jordan canonical form? In particular, I am interested in: When and how was it first stated? (I understand it was independently stated ...