Lie algebras are algebraic structures which were introduced to study the concept of infinitesimal transformations. The term "Lie algebra" (after Sophus Lie) was introduced by Hermann Weyl in the 1930s. In older texts, the name "infinitesimal group" is used. Related mathematical concepts include Lie ...

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4
votes
1answer
120 views

PBW basis and canonical basis

Consider the example of $\mathfrak{g} = sl_3$. Then $$ \mathfrak{g} = \mathfrak{n} \oplus \mathfrak{h} \oplus \mathfrak{n}^{-}, $$ where $\mathfrak{n}$ is generated by $E_{12}, E_{13}, E_{23}$, ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

About the construction of the Universal Enveloping Lie Algebroid

Let $X$ be a reasonable smooth scheme over some base $S$. The tangent sheaf $T_X$ is a Lie algebroid, locally free as a $\mathcal{O}_X$ module, and its Universal Enveloping Lie Algebroid ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Representations of $\mathfrak{so}(3)$ ($\mathfrak{so}(2,1)$) and $SO(3)$ ($SO(2,1)$)

(Apologies if this question is too basic!) I have explicit 5-dimensional real representations of $\mathfrak{so}(3)$ and $\mathfrak{so}(2,1)$, and I want to know whether it's necessarily true that the ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Smallest subalgebra of $\mathfrak{su}(4)$ arrising from a control problem on $SU(4)$

What is the smallest subalgebra of $\mathfrak{su}(4)$ containing the span of the set $A = \{A, B_1, B_2\}$ where: $A = i (J^x \sigma_x \otimes \sigma_x + J^y \sigma_y \otimes \sigma_y + J^z \sigma_z ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

Which linear combinations of simple roots are roots

Let $\Delta$ be the root system of a complex simple Lie algebra, $\Delta^+$ be positive roots and $\Pi$ be simple roots. We view $\Pi$ as nodes of the Dynkin diagram. Then for any two simple roots ...
6
votes
1answer
95 views

Number of Richardson orbits in simple Lie algebras of types $E_n$?

This is a follow-up to my question about nilpotent orbits here asked in connection with an earlier discussion of symplectic resolutions. Leaving aside the connections with algebraic geometry and ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Understanding lie bracket of simple Lie algebra $W(2)$ [closed]

Please accept my apologies in advance for my simple question. Let $W(2)$ be a simple Lie algebra over $\mathrm{GF}(2)$. We know that it has a basis with three elements like ${w_1,w_2,w_3}$. I cannot ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

A property of compact involutions of semi-simple Lie algebras?

I need to prove the statement below. Since my background on Lie theory is rather weak, I post it here. Let $\frak{g}$ be a complex semi-simple Lie algebra. Fix a Cartan subalgebra $\frak{h}$ with ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Locus maximizing the holomorphic sectional curvature in a non-compact Hermitian symmetric space

Is there a quick way to prove the following statement, if possible without resorting to the classification of simple Lie groups? Let $G$ be a simple Lie group of non-compact Hermitian type of rank ...
7
votes
1answer
277 views

Examples of Richardson orbit closures not having a symplectic resolution?

This is a follow-up to a recent question asked by Peter Crooks here. The answer by Ben Webster includes a helpful link to the corrected arXiv version of Baohua Fu's 2003 Invent. Math. paper ...
8
votes
4answers
419 views

Computing $\int_0^T e^{itA}Be^{-itA} dt$ without an infinite series

I'm hoping to compute the following integral: $\int_0^T e^{itA}Be^{-itA} dt$ where $iA, iB$ are traceless anti-Hermitian matrices (i.e. $\mathfrak{su}(n)$). I have found the following form for the ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Adjoint action of semi-direct product

Let $G$ and $H$ be Lie groups with associated Lie algebras $\mathfrak{g}:=\text{Lie}(G)$ and $\mathfrak{h}:=\text{Lie}(H)$ and adjoint actions $\text{Ad}^G:G \to \text{Aut}_\text{Lie}(\mathfrak{g})$ ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

R-linear representations of sl(2,C)

Is there some good reference for the classification of finite-dimensional ${\mathbb R}$-linear (as opposed to ${\mathbb C}$-linear) representations of $\mathfrak{sl}_2{\mathbb C}$? Equivalently, what ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

A canonical G_m (or G) action on the Slodowy slice

Question By Slodowy slice I mean a transverse slice at a subregular nilpotent orbit in a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ (in particular I am not intersecting with the nilpotent cone). Consider the ...
3
votes
0answers
303 views

Solving $T^2 = -\kappa\, \mathrm{Tr}\, (\log(e^{i T \hat{H}_0} \hat{O}) )^2$ equation

Is there a way to solve the equation: $T^2 = -\kappa\, \mathrm{Tr}\, (\log(e^{i T \hat{H}_0} \hat{O}) )^2$ for $T$? Here $\kappa$ is an arbitrary positive constant, $\hat{H}_0 \in \mathfrak{su}(N)$ ...
3
votes
1answer
250 views

Special Riemannian connections?

Assume that $E$ is a bundle of Lie Algebras. Let $g$ be an invariant metric on $E$, that is for all $p\in M$, $$g_p([x,y],z)+g_p(y,[x,z])=0,$$ where $x,y,z\in E_p$ are arbitrary. Is there a ...
5
votes
3answers
601 views

How many three dimensional real Lie algebras are there?

The main point of the question is: I would like to know whether there are only finitely many, countable infinitely many or even uncountable many isomorphism classes of $3$-dimensional real lie ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Special family of Metrics on Transitive Lie Algebroids?

Let $\rho:E\longrightarrow TM$ is a transitive Lie Algebroid, then $L=ker\rho$ is bundle of lie algebras. Suppose $\Gamma:TM\longrightarrow E$ be a linear splitting. Define $$\nabla_X ...
4
votes
0answers
95 views

When does finite presentability of the associated graded Lie algebra of a group imply the group is finitely presented?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group; let $L(G)$ denote the graded Lie algebra (over $\mathbb{Q}$) associated to the lower central series of $G$. I would like to know conditions for when the finite ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

necessary and sufficient conditions for littlewood richardson coefficients to be non zero

Is there any necessary and sufficient conditions for $V(\tau)$ to be an irreducible component of the tensor product of two irreducible representations $V(\lambda)$ and $V(\mu)$ of a simple lie algebra ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

tensor product of two irreducibles having same maximal weight

Is there any explicit decomposition of tensor product of two finite dimensional irreducible modules of simple lie algebras whose highest weights are same?
4
votes
2answers
475 views

A question about Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory

Let $G$ ba a compat Lie group and $\frak g$ be its Lie algebra, then by Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory we know that if we take $M=T^*G$ and $J:M\to \frak g^*$ be its moment map then the reduced ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Automorphisms of Nilmanifolds

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be an n-dimensional, rational, nilpotent Lie algebra with simply connected that lie group $G$. It is stated in some papers that if $A$ is an automorphism of $\mathfrak{g}$ which is ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

“Quantum Littlewood-Richardson” Rule?

Let $\frak{g}$ be a complex semi-simple Lie algebra, and $\lambda,\mu \in P^+$ two positive dominant weights with corresponding irreducible representations $V(\lambda)$ and $V(\mu)$. The tensor ...
4
votes
2answers
241 views

Lie's Theorem in characteristic $p$

Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field with characteristic $0$ and $V$ be a Lie sub-algebra of $M_n(K)$, the $n\times n$ matrices over $K$. If $V$ is solvable, then, according to Lie's theorem, $V$ ...
2
votes
2answers
183 views

Lie group about the quantum harmonic oscillator [closed]

We konw that in quantum harmonic oscillator $H=a^\dagger a$, $a^\dagger$, $a$, $1$ will span a Lie algebra, where $a, a^\dagger$ is annihilation and creation operator, $H$ is the Hamiltonian operator. ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

Explicit calculation of module of derivations on noncommutative polynomial ring

Let $R$ be a commutative unital associative ring and set $R<x,y>$ to be the $R$-algebra of non-commuting polynomials in two variables over $R$. Explicitly how would one go about computing ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Decomposition of a representation of SU(N) into representations of SU(N-1)

Let $\omega_k$ be the highest weight of the $k$-th antisymmetric representation of $\mathfrak{su}(N)$. Consider an irreducible representation of $\mathfrak{su}(N)$, characterized by its highest ...
-2
votes
1answer
101 views

Action of automorphism group on Lie algebra [closed]

I want to know whether an automorphism group of a simple Lie algebra over $GF(2)$, acts transitively on non-zero elements of Lie algebra or not? How can I check this property?
1
vote
2answers
193 views

Are two distinct Weyl chambers always disjoint?

Let $G$ be a real semisimple Lie group; we suppose $G$ is connected and centerless. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra, $\mathfrak{a}$ a Cartan subspace of $\mathfrak{g}$ (i. e. a maximal abelian ...
10
votes
1answer
245 views

Cohomological Proof of Serre Relations for a Symmetrizable Kac-Moody Algebra

In 'Infinite Dimensional Lie Algebras, 3rd edition', Kac mentions at the top of p. 170 that 'a simple cohomological proof of Theorem 9.11 was found by O. Mathieu (unpublished)'. Does anyone know how ...
1
vote
1answer
207 views

homogeneous algebras

Let $A$ be a finite dimensional algebra over finite field (not necessarily associative). Then $A$ is said to be homogeneous if $Aut(A)$ acts transitively on the one-dimensional subspace of A. If A is ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Comparison of two infinite dimensional Lie Algebras

Is there an example of a real analytic (compact) manifold $M$ such that the following two lie algebras are isomorphic Lie algebras: $\chi^{\infty}(M)$, the Lie algebra of all smooth vector ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

A canonical map Aut$_{\mathsf{Lie}_R}(\mathfrak{n} \rtimes_\pi \mathfrak{g}) \to$ Aut$_{\mathsf{Lie}_R}(\mathfrak{n})$

Let $\mathfrak{n}$, $\mathfrak{g} \in \mathsf{Lie}_R$ be two Lie algebras over a commutative ring $R$, s.t. $\mathfrak{g}$ acts on $\mathfrak{n}$ as a derivation: $\pi:\mathfrak{g} \to ...
4
votes
2answers
186 views

Dimension of the nilpotent centralizer of a nilpotent matrix

Fix a natural number $n$ and an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{gl}_n(k)$. For any partition of $n$, $\lambda=(\lambda_1,\ldots,\lambda_r)$, let $A_{\lambda}$ be the ...
-3
votes
1answer
269 views

Lie algebraic Grassmannian

Assume that $L$ is a Lie algebra structure on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$, and $1<k<n$ is given. We define $Gr(k,n)_{L}$, the space of all $k$ dimensional Lie subalgebra of $(\mathbb{R}^{n}, L)$. For ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Subgroups of $GL(n,\mathbb{R})$ which are $Aut(L)$ for some Lie structure [closed]

What is a sufficient condition for a lie subgroup $G$ of $GL(n,\mathbb{R})$ to be the automorphism group of a Lie structure on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. In particular does $O(n)$ satisfies this property?
3
votes
1answer
148 views

A Manifold for which $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ is rich

Is there a manifold $M$ for which $\chi^{\infty} (M)$, the lie algebra of smooth vector fields on $M$ contains all finite dimensional Lie algebras(Up to isomorphism)? A weaker question: Is there a ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

The set of leaves of the distribution $D$ on coadjoint orbit $O_{\mu}$

Let $G$ be a compact connected Lie group and $O_{\mu}$ be a coadjoint orbit where $\mu\in \mathfrak{g}^*$ and $\mathfrak{g}^*$ is the dual of the Lie algebra of $\mathfrak{g}=\mathrm{Lie}(G)$. Let ...
10
votes
2answers
323 views

Which nilpotent Lie algebras appear as nilradicals of parabolic subalgabras?

I am interested to identify (ideally classify) nilpotent Lie algebras that occur as nilradicals of parabolic subalgebras in (say) reductive Lie algebras. For example, all Heisenberg Lie algebras ...
5
votes
1answer
308 views

Root space decomposition

What is the root system for the special unitary lie algebra $\mathfrak{su}(p, q)$. Remind that these are matrices of the form $\left( \begin{array}{cc} X & Y \\ \overline{Y}^t & Z ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Reference to definition of matrix log with domain SO(3) which is Borel measurable

I was trying to set up an inverse to matrix exponential $\exp:\mathrm{Skew}(3\times 3)\to SO(3)$ that "covers" the biggest possible domain and is Borel measurable. I was wondering if there is a ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

(Graded) Lie algebras with “nice” irreps

"(The only Lie algebras for which) all finite-dimensional representations are completely reducible (are the semisimple Lie algebras)" (Chapman, here on MO). Evidently this can't no longer hold when ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

On Eigenvalues of the symmetric linear transformation related to a lie algebra's representation?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a quadratic (finite dimensional) lie algebra and $\rho:\mathfrak{g}\rightarrow \mathfrak{gl}(W)$ be an anti-symmetric representation of $\mathfrak{g}$ on a finite dimensional ...
1
vote
0answers
142 views

Replacing the Lie commutator with something else [closed]

Take a vector space $V={A,B,C,...}$ (of matrices), and the commutator $[A,B]=AB-BA$, then a Lie algebra of $V$ is characterized by $[V,V]$ staying in $V$. (Loosely speaking.) What happens ...
1
vote
1answer
226 views

labeling state vectors in representation space of a simple lie algebra

Given a simple lie algebra (over ${\mathbb C}$ or ${\mathbb R}$). What is the number of operators such that their eigenvalues sufficiently label all state vectors in the algebra's representation ...
2
votes
0answers
265 views

Mathematica package for Lie algebra computations?

I am interested in performing Lie algebra computations in Mathematica. I did a bit of searching and found several packages (LieART, KILLING, SuperLie, maybe more), and wondered if anyone would ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Analytic vectors of elliptic elements of the enveloping algebra in a strongly continuous representation of a Lie group

Let $G$ be a semi-simple real Lie group, and $\rho$ a strongly continuous unitary representation of $G$ in a Hilbert space $H$. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra and $d\rho$ be the infinitesimal ...
5
votes
2answers
214 views

Heisenberg subalgebras of affine Lie algebras

It seems to be "well-known" that (infinite-dimensional) Heisenberg subalgebras of an affine Lie algebra $\hat{\mathfrak{g}}$ corresponding to a finite-dimensional simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ of ...
4
votes
0answers
80 views

Adjoint orbit of two vectors

Let $G$ be a simple compact real Lie group and let $\mathfrak g$ be its Lie algebra. Let $u,v\in \mathfrak g$ be two distinct unit vectors and $H\subset \mathfrak g$ be a hyperplane with normal vector ...