# Tagged Questions

**6**

votes

**1**answer

402 views

### What is this Lie algebra?

Consider two matrices $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(N)$ which are both diagonal in the standard basis and non-zero.
If we consider the new matrix $\tilde{B} := FBF^{\dagger}$ where $F$ is the `quantum' ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### When this Ad-invariant function on a Lie algebra is zero?

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with Haar measure $dg$ and (finite-dimensional real) Lie algebra $\frak g$. Endow $\frak g$ with an $\hbox{Ad}$-invariant norm $\|\cdot\|_{\frak g}$ so that $\frak g$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Unclear asymmetry in Lie-algebra module structure on space of linear transformations Hom(V,W)

Let $L$ be a (finite dimensional) Lie-algebra. Let $V, W$ be finite-dimensional vector spaces. If $V,\; W$ are in addition $L$-modules (see, e.g., 6.1 in Humphreys Introduction to Lie Algebras), then ...

**30**

votes

**1**answer

904 views

### Roadmap to Geometric Representation Theory (leading to Langlands)?

I believe there has been at least one question similar to this one and yet I still think this particular question deserves to have a thread of its own.
I'm becoming increasingly fascinated by stuff ...

**17**

votes

**6**answers

665 views

### Automorphism group of real orthogonal Lie groups

I would like to know what is the "outer-automorphism group" $Out$ of $SO(p,q)$ and $O(p,q)$, where $p+q >0$. My working definition of $Out$ is as follows:
Let us denote by $Aut(G)$ the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Vector fields, diffeomorphism subgroups and lie group actions

Let $M$ be a compact smooth manifold. Since any vector field is complete we get a $1$-parameter subgroup for each vector field. Consider the following generalization:
Let $\{X_j\} \in Vect(M)$ be a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### (Co-) Homology of free nilpotent Lie Algebras

What is actually known about the (co-) homology of free nilpotent Lie Algebras over $\mathbb{C}$ and coefficients also in $\mathbb{C}$?
I.e. the nilpotent Lie Algebras that one gets by a quotient of a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Lie algebras whose derivation algebra is nilpotent

Let $L$ be a Lie algebra and denote by $\mathrm{Der}(L)$ the derivation algebra of $L$. If $L$ is finite-dimensional, then a theorem of Leger and Togo (Duke
Math. J. $\bf{26}$ (1959), 623 – 628, DOI: ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Action of orthogonal group on the free Lie algebra

This question is somewhat related and inspired by this post of professor Montgomery.
The free Lie algebra $L(V)$ generated by an $r$-dimensional vector space $V$ is, in the language of https://en....

**3**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### filteration for Leibniz algebras [closed]

Let $L$ be restricted Lie algebra, we define p-filteration $$ L=L_{1} \supseteq L_{1} ... \supseteq L_{n}... $$, satisfying the following conditions:
$ [L_{i},L_{j}] \subseteq L_{i+j}$ and $L_{i}^{[p]...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Projections of orbifolds

A while back I came across orbifolds, in particular the quotients $SU(2)/U(1)\cong S^2$, $SU(3)/(SU(2)\times U(1)\cong \mathbb{C}P^2$ and $SU(3)/(U(1)\times U(1))$. The way I needed them, was as an ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Symmetries of the flag variety

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a finite dimensional simple Lie algebra over $\mathbb C$, and let $\mathcal B=G/B$ be the associated Flag variety.
Is it true that the obvious map
$$
\mathfrak g\to \Gamma (T\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### False optima for control on Lie groups?

Consider the equation
$\frac{d Y_t}{dt} = (A + w(t)B) Y_t$
evolving on a compact semi-simple Lie group $G$ where $\frak{g}$ is the Lie algebra of $G$ and $A,B \in \frak{g}$ and:
$J:G \rightarrow [0,...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

148 views

### Cartan subspaces for general algebraic representations

So I feel like asking the following likely open-ended question: What good generalizations of the notion of Cartan subspace do we have?
To be precise, let $G\curvearrowright V$ be an algebraic ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Automorphism group of Lie algebra of bounded operators

What is the automorphism group of the complex Lie algebra of bounded operators on a complex Hilbert space, with the commutator as Lie bracket? What for the real Lie algebra of bounded antihermitian ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### Reconstructing a nilpotent Lie algebra from its cohomology with $A_{\infty}$-structure

Let $L$ be a nilpotent Lie algebra (over a field of char 0) and $CE^{\bullet}(L)$ be its Chevalley-Eilenberg dg-algebra. By homotopy transfer, there exists a structure of an $A_{\infty}$-algebra on ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Commuting nilpotent matrix collection

For every large enough $m\in\Bbb N$ are there $c=\alpha m$ (for some fixed $\alpha>0$) square matrices $A_1,\dots,A_c$ that commute with each other with nonzero product ($\forall i,j\in\{1,\dots,t\}...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Poincaré-Birkhoff-Witt theorem for Leibniz algebras

Leibniz algebras can be seen as a non-skew-symmetric generalization of Lie algebras. I have already taken a look at some papers related to Leibniz algebras and extending main results of Lie algebras ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### How to write down solutions of Yang-Baxter equations for $sl_3$ explicitly?

In the paper, Stolin classifies all quasi-Frobenius subalgebras of $sl_3$. How to write down solutions of Yang-Baxter equations for $sl_3$ explicitly using these quasi-Frobenius subalgebras? Thank you ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Lie algebra (co)homology of the Lie algebra of differential operators

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety (or a complex manifold) over $\mathbb C$. Let $D(X)$ be its algebra of differential operators. Mostly I am interested in algebraic differential operators, but the case ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Analytic continuation of $\mathfrak{so}(n)$ algebras to real $n$?

In a 1988 paper "The Lie algebras $\mathfrak{gl}(\lambda)$ and cohomologies of Lie algebras of differential operators", Feigin defined the analytic continuation of $\mathfrak{sl}(n)$ algebras (over $\...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Affine Steinberg groups vs Steinberg groups over Laurent polynomials

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $\Phi$ be a finite (also called spherical) reduced irreducible root system of rank $\geq 2$. I will denote by $\mathrm{St}(\Phi,R)$ the Steinberg group of type $\Phi$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Is there a name for a noncommutative generalization of Poisson algebra?

Is there a name for an associative algebra which is further endowed with a Lie algebra structure such that the Leibniz rule holds, i.e.,
$$[a, b \circ c]=[a,b]\circ c+b\circ [a,c], \hspace{15mm}(*)$$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Irreducible representations in BGG category $\mathcal{O}$ over (finitely) direct sum of general linear Lie superalgebra

Let $\mathfrak{g} = \oplus_i^k\mathfrak{gl}(m_i|n_i)$ be a direct sum of general linear Lie superalgebras $\mathfrak{gl}(m_i|n_i)$'s with the Cartan subalgebra $\mathfrak{h} = \oplus_i^k \mathfrak{h}...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Diagonal invariants of $SO(n)$

Consider a Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ (I am mostly interested in the case $\mathfrak g=so(n)$), its universal enveloping algebra $U$ and its center $C$. There is an adjoint action of $\mathfrak g$ on $...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Characterization of restricted weights of representations of real semisimple Lie groups

I need to use the following theorem:
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple real Lie algebra, $\Sigma$ a set of restricted roots for $\mathfrak{g}$. Let $\rho$ be any finite-dimensional representation of ...

**31**

votes

**1**answer

573 views

### Is there a geometric construction of hyperbolic Kac-Moody groups?

Just as the theory of finite-dimensional simple Lie algebras is connected to differential geometry and physics via the theory of simple Lie groups, the theory of affine Lie algebras was connected to ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Curves in $\mathfrak{su}(n)$ with specific property

Consider a curve $\gamma_s= U_s^{\dagger} b U_s$ in $\mathfrak{su}(n)$ where $U_s$ is a smooth curve on $SU(n)$ (starting at $U_0 = \mathbb{I}$) and nonzero $b\in \mathfrak{su}(n)$ and $s \in[0,T]$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

148 views

### Can we count the number of simple modules for a reduced enveloping algebra?

Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group over a field of positive characteristic $p$, which I'll assume to be very good for $G$. Then the Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ is restricted and each simple $\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

324 views

### A Hom-Tensor identity - $\text{Hom}_{R}(P,B)\otimes _SC \cong \text{Hom}_{R}(P,B \otimes_S C) $

let $R,S$ be associative algebras over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\mathcal{C} \subseteq$ $R$-Mod be a full abelain subcategory of $R$-Mod which is the category of $R$-modules. Let $B$ and $C$ be, a $(R,S)$-...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

224 views

### Nilpotency of Lie Algebra from Structure Constants

Suppose we have a Lie algebra with structure constants
$$\mathrm{d}e^i=\sum_{j<k}a_{ijk}e^j\wedge e^k$$
for some coefficients $a_{ijk}$.
In this setting, how may be checked (perhaps ...

**26**

votes

**1**answer

533 views

### Why do the adjoint representations of three exceptional groups have the same first eight moments?

For a representation of a compact Lie group, the $n$th moment of the trace of that representation against the Haar measure is the dimension of the invariant subspace of the $n$th tensor power. The ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

164 views

### Replacement for Lie-algebra complements

All groups are linear algebraic over some fixed field $k$.
I believe that it is true that, in characteristic $0$, if $G'$ is a reductive subgroup of $G$, then there is a $G'$-invariant complement to $...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

317 views

### Simple lie algebras, (almost-)simple groups of Lie type

Take an algebraic group $G$ defined over a finite field $K$. Suppose its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ is simple. It should follow that $G$ is almost-simple. (By this I mean not that $G(K)$ is simple -- ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Whitehead's lemma (Lie algebras) for reductive Lie algebras [closed]

Whitehead's lemma (Lie algebras) is: Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra over a field of characteristic zero, $V$ a finite-dimensional module over it and $f$: $\mathfrak{g} \to V$ a linear ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Are all the Lie bialgebra structure on $sl_n$ coboundary?

In the case of $sl_2$, there are three Lie bialgebra structures. We have three cobrackets $\delta: sl_2 \to \Lambda^2 sl_2$. Each $\delta$ can be written as $\delta=d r$ for some matrix $r$. Therefore ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Picard scheme analogy with Lie algebra

I'm far from an expert, but its classic to study for a smooth, proper scheme over a field Pic(X) its Picard scheme and to note from deformation theory that the tangent space at the identity of Pic(X) ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Low-dimensional classical r-matrices

Let $g= gl_2$. Suppose that $r \in g \otimes g$ satisfies the following properties:
(1) $r_{12} + r_{21} \in g \otimes g$ is $g$-invariant, $r_{12} = r$, $r_{21} = \tau \ r_{12}$.
(2) $[r_{12}, r_{...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Lie Algebra of Aut(GL(n,R))

What is the Lie Algebra of $Aut(Gl(n,F))$ when $F$ is either $\mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{C}$?
Is it enough to consider the injection via Hochschild:
$Aut(GL(n)) \to Aut(\mathfrak{gl}(n))$?
Edit: The ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

170 views

### Recover Poisson bracket on $C[G]$ using the Lie cobracket $\delta: g \to \Lambda^2 g$

By a theorem of Drinfeld, there is a one to one correspondence between Lie bialgebras and Poisson Lie groups. Therefore given a Lie cobracket $\delta: g \to \Lambda^2 g$, there is a Poisson bracket on ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Classifications of Lie bialgebras

What is the current status of the classifications of Lie bialgebras? In particular, has the following problem been solved? Let $gl_n$ be the general linear Lie algebra. Classify all Lie cobrackets $\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

170 views

### Solvable Lie algebra whose nilradical is not characteristic

It is well known that the nilradical of a finite-dimensional Lie algebra over a field of characteristic p > 0 need not be characteristic (that is, invariant under all derivations of the algebra), but ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### Exponential analogue of formal connections

Let $F=\mathbb{C}((t))$. Let $G=GL_n$. Then $G(F)$ acts on $\mathfrak{g}(F)$ by gauge transformation:
$$
g.x:=gxg^{-1} + \dot{g}g^{-1},\quad \quad g\in G(F), \quad x\in \mathfrak{g}(F).
$$
Here, $\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Deligne-Simpson problem for classical groups

Additive Deligne-Simpson problem was partially prooved by Kostov. Also there is Crawley-Boevey's approach to the question. The problem is about existence of a solution of the equation
$$
A_1 +...+A_n =...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Systematic treatment of folding and valued graphs

I'm going to say beforehand that this question has something of a "am I missing something?" flavor. I'm in that odd position mathematicians often find themselves, where a topic has been addressed ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Set of Special Unitary Matrices that are dense in SU(4) and obey certain relations

I'm trying to find a finite set of 4x4 Unitary matricies $\{U_1,U_2,\ldots U_N\}$ such that the matrices are dense in SU(4), and obey the relations:
$[U_i, U_j] = 0$ for $|i-j|>1$
$U_iU_{i+1}U_i=...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Subquotients of Jantzen Filtration for Kac-Moody algebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a complex symmetrizable Kac-Moody algebra, with triangular decomposition $\mathfrak{n}^- \oplus \mathfrak{h} \oplus \mathfrak{n}^+$. Let $\lambda \in \mathfrak{h}^*$, and $M(\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

47 views

### Generalized Gaussian Decomposition

Let $G$ be a connected complex semisimple Lie group. Let $H$ be a maximal torus of $G$, let $W$ be the Weyl group of $G$, and let $N_\pm$ be a pair of opposite maximal unipotent subgroups. For each ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

338 views

### Intuition for the Cartan connection and “rolling without slipping” in Cartan geometry

Consider a Cartan geometry $\pi: \mathcal{G} \to M$ with Cartan connection $\omega$ modelled on the Klein geometry $(G, H)$.
The Cartan connection is supposed to formalize what it means to "roll ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

46 views

### Extra-Lorentzian Kac-Moody algebras

My question is about Kac-Moody (KM) algebras of finite rank with symmetrized Cartan matrices $B = C A$ ($A$ is Cartan matrix) of signatures $(-,-,+,...,+)$, $(-,-,-,+,...,+)$, etc. i.e. with $2$,...