Lie algebras are algebraic structures which were introduced to study the concept of infinitesimal transformations. The term "Lie algebra" (after Sophus Lie) was introduced by Hermann Weyl in the 1930s. In older texts, the name "infinitesimal group" is used. Related mathematical concepts include Lie ...

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26 views

Centralizer of a non-regular Lie algebra element

It is well understood that the centralizer of a regular element $A$ of a Lie algebra of complex (square, diagonalizable) matrices consists of polynomials $p(A)$ in that element of degree less than $n$ ...
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71 views

Local coordinates on (infinite dimensional) Lie groups

Given a (finite dimensional) Lie group $G$ (real $k=\mathbb{R}$ or complex $k=\mathbb{C}$) and its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, one can prove (a basis $B=(b_i)_{1\leq i\leq n}$ of $\mathfrak{g}$ being ...
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1answer
91 views

Largest subgroup of $SU(n)$ for which the adjoint action preserves specific inner product on $\mathfrak{su}(N)$

Given $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$ such that $K(A, B)=0$, I am looking for the largest subgroup $H$ of $SU(n)$ for which: $K \left(A, Ad_{U}(B) \right) = 0, \ \ \forall U \in H$ where $K$ is the ...
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102 views

How to show the compatibility between Duflo isomorphism and Harish-Chandra isomorphism for semi-simple Lie algebras?

I was told that the Duflo isomorphism is compatible with the Harish-Chandra isomorphism when the Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ is semi-simple. However I cannot see why this is true. All I can show is ...
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1answer
126 views

Existence of a Lie algebra element orthogonal to the adjoint orbit of another element

Consider a compact, semi-simple, connected Lie group $G$ and its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Denote the Killing form by $K$. Given a single $A \in \mathfrak{g}$ when (i.e. which groups and which $A$) ...
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1answer
92 views

Generating function for $t$-residues of partitions using Heisenberg + $\hat{sl_t}$ representation theory

Recall that for $t\geq2$, a partition is a $t$-core if none of its hooklengths is divisible by $t$. It is known that the $t$-cores are parametrized by ${\mathbb Z}^{t-1}$. More precisely, let ...
2
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1answer
105 views

Understanding representations of affine Lie algebras

Please reference this paper for notation in this question. I'm trying to understand two claims made in the above paper (they may be related). First, in the construction of $\mathcal{H}_\lambda$ on ...
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38 views

Reference for using an algebra of meromorphic functions to extend a Lie algebra

For example, let $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{sl}_{2}\left(\mathbb{C}\right)$, let $s_{0}=1$, $s_{1}=-1$, $s_{2}$=0, $s_{3}=\infty$ in $\mathbb{P}_{1}\left(\mathbb{C}\right)$ and $\mathcal{R}$ is the ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Interpreting Frobenius pullback as an invariant differential in the case of an elliptic curve

Let $S$ be an affine scheme of characteristic $p > 0$, let $E \rightarrow S$ be an elliptic curve over $S$, and let $F$ denote the absolute Frobenius. Since $E$ is its own $\mathrm{Pic}^0$ there is ...
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1answer
120 views

A subalgebra of the Virasoro algebra

Let $L_n$ ($n\in\mathbb{Z}$) and $c$ be the standard generators of the Virasoro algebra ${\rm Vit}$. In the literature one usually considers the involutive authomorphism given by $\tau(L_n)=-L_{-n}$, ...
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2answers
125 views

Solvable Lie algebras: embedded in upper triangular matrices?

Let $K$ be an arbitrary field and $\mathfrak{g}$ a finite-dimensional Lie $K$-algebra. Let $\mathfrak{nil}_n\leq\mathfrak{sol}_n\leq\mathfrak{gl}_n$ be the Lie algebras of all ((strictly) ...
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88 views

A solvable Lie algebra

Consider the Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ span by $x_1,\ldots,x_n,y_1,\ldots,y_n$ with the commutator $\left[y_i,x_i\right]=y_i, \left[x_i,x_{i+1}\right]=y_i, \left[y_i,x_{i+1}\right]=-y_i,\quad 1\leq ...
2
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0answers
108 views

$l$-weights and $l$-character of finite-dimensional highest $l$-weight representation of $L\mathfrak{g}$

I am trying to solve the following problem, which is related to relatively recent results, but I am not sure how to do it. Problem In this problem, $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{sl}_{2}$. We study ...
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1answer
115 views

Equivalence of Lie subalgebras, within a (irreducible) representation

Lie subalgebras inside simple Lie algebras (of type ABCDEFG) have been classified up to equivalence, and linear equivalence (by Dynkin et al). How does one classify embeddings of a Lie algebra h ...
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1answer
103 views

Minimal dimension of a Lie algebra of matrices, with a restrictive property

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a sub-Lie-algebra of $\mathfrak{gl}_n(\mathbb{C})$, the Lie algebra of complex $n\times n$ square matrices. Let us call $(H)$ the hypothesis: for all $x, y\in\mathbb{C}^n$, ...
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3answers
261 views

Root in positive Weyl chamber

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a complex simple Lie algebra. We fix a Cartan subalgebra $\mathfrak{t}\subset \mathfrak{g} $. Let $R\subset \mathfrak{t}^*$ the set of roots. We fix $\Pi\subset R$ the set of ...
6
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2answers
206 views

Is an $\mathfrak{sl}_2$-triple determined up to Lie algebra automorphism by the adjoint representation?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite-dimensional complex semisimple Lie algebra, and let $\phi_1:\mathfrak{sl}_2(\mathbb{C})\rightarrow\mathfrak{g}$ and ...
3
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1answer
98 views

Prescribed spherical representations, symplectic group $Sp(n)$

An irreducible representation $(\pi,V_\pi)$ of a compact group $G$ is called spherical with respect to the pair $(G,K)$, $K$ is closed subgroup of $G$, if $V_\pi$ has a non-zero vector invariant by ...
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1answer
257 views

On a drawing in Dixmier's Enveloping Algebras

This image comes from Dixmier's book, 'Enveloping Algebras' ('Algèbres enveloppantes'). Dixmier writes that The curves shown on p. XIV have their origin in the study of U(sl(3)). They are ...
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1answer
187 views

When do two non-degenerate quadratic forms give rise to isomorphic Lie algebras?

Let $V$ be a vector space over some number field $k$. (I'm fine with $\mathbb{Q}$.) Let $\phi \colon V \to k$ be a non-degenerate quadratic form. Associated with $\phi$ is the orthogonal group ...
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140 views

How the exceptional simple Lie groups/ algebras were first discovered and by whom?

I am wondering whether exceptional simple Lie groups/ algebras were first discovered in order to obtain a complete list of such objects, or they appeared as answers to completely different questions. ...
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123 views

Kernel of the Weil homomorphism for compact symmetric spaces

Let $X = G/K$ be a Riemannian symmetric space of compact type and consider the "Weil homomorphism" $$w^\bullet: H^\bullet(BK; \mathbb R) \to H^\bullet(X; \mathbb R),$$ i.e. the map in cohomology ...
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81 views

Irreducible decomposition of $\Lambda^i(\mathfrak{p})$

Let $G$ be a connected semisimple real Lie group with finite center with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Take $K$ its maximal compact subgroup of $G$, and $\mathfrak{k}$ its Lie algebra. We denote by ...
2
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3answers
383 views

First Explicit Irreducible Representations

Although the classification of simple Lie Algebras and their representations is fully understood, I wonder whether there is some book with exhaustive tables describing explicit irreducible ...
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0answers
88 views

Reference about a formula of coroot in an affine root system

Let $\delta$ be the null of an affine root system and let $\alpha + p\delta$ be a real affine root, $p$ is an integer. It is said that $$ (\alpha + p\delta)^{\vee} = \alpha^{\vee} + ...
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60 views

Cayley graphs for finitely presented Lie algebras

I have seen that an important tool of finitely presented groups consists in writing down its Cayley graph with respect to a given set of generators, and then try to extract data like the coarse ...
2
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1answer
71 views

Bounds on Hilbert-Schmidt norm of difference of products of matrices

I suspect the following is well-known, but don't know of a reference (and it is not close to the area I normally work in). I have two sequences of matrices $Q_{1},\ldots,Q_{k}$ and ...
6
votes
0answers
113 views

vanishing of Lie algebra cohomology with coefficients in an infinite-dimensional module

Let $G$ be a real semisimple Lie group, $K$ its maximal compact subgroup, $\mathfrak g, \mathfrak k$ the corresponding Lie algebras. Let $V$ be a locally convex, Hausdorff vector space, which is a ...
2
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103 views

Exploiting a finite presentation of a Lie algebra

In "my youth" I computed a finite presenation of the Poisson algebra on $S^2$ (finite presentation as a Lie algebra). In what ways might this be useful? Does this allow you to extract information ...
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1answer
107 views

generalization of highest weight theorem for semisimple lie algebras

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a real semisimple Lie algebra (without compact factors) with Iwasawa decomposition $\mathfrak g=\mathfrak k\oplus \mathfrak a\oplus \mathfrak u$. Let $\mathfrak p$ be a ...
3
votes
1answer
155 views

The Jordan Plane and Enveloping Algebras

Let $k$ denote a field of characteristic $0$ (assume algebraically closed for convenience). Define $J=k\langle x,y|[x,y]=y^{2}\rangle$. This noncommutative algebra (which can be viewed as a derivation ...
3
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1answer
496 views

Why are 1 and -1 eigenvalues of this matrix?

This is a subject I've been working on for a very long time now, but still did not manage to fully understand the interesting properties of this matrix $\mathbf{A}$. First, let's define two matrices: ...
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48 views

How to define the determinant of a morphism between graded Lie algebras?

I have the following question. Suppose $g_1$ and $g_2$ are two finite dimensional, nilpotent, stratified Lie algebras and $A:g_1\to g_2$ is a morphism of the graded Lie algebra. I wonder whether there ...
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76 views

How to characterize the class of $(\mathfrak{g},K)$-modules with a fixed lowest K-type in the framework of D-modules?

Let $G$ be a real semisimple Lie group, $K$ be a maximal compact subgroup. Let $\mathfrak{g}_0$ and $\mathfrak{k}_0$ be their real Lie algebras respectively. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ and $\mathfrak{k}$ be ...
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1answer
162 views

Reductive space & Reductive Lie algebra

If $M=G/H$ is a reductive space and $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{h}+\mathfrak{m}$ be the canonical decomposition, then are $\mathfrak{g}$ or $\mathfrak{h}$ or both reductive lie algebras? (in this case, ...
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133 views

How to write BRST-BV for dg-Lie?

The usual BRST-BV implements a Lie algebra and its module in terms of ghosts, etc. Where is there written a corresponding formula incorporating the differential of a dg Lie algebra and module?
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1answer
122 views

Explicit generators of $Z(U(\mathfrak{g}))$

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra over an algebraically closed field. By Harish-Chandra, the center of its universal enveloping algebra $Z(U(\mathfrak{g}))$ is a polynomial ring and the ...
2
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0answers
126 views

Free-field representations: how to study highest-weight submodules of the Fock module?

Suppose we have a representation of some affine Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{n}_- \oplus \mathfrak{h} \oplus \mathfrak{n}_+$ on a Fock space $V$. The module $V$ will contain a lot of ...
3
votes
1answer
358 views

Is $M=E_{7(7)}/SU(7)\times\mathbb{R}^{+}$ a (pseudo)Kähler-Hodge manifold? Open problem

I have been told that the following is an open problem in mathematics, but I am pretty sure that experts in the topic surely know the answer. Is the manifold $$M=\frac{E_{7(7)}}{SU(7)}\times ...
2
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0answers
54 views

Homology of derivations of Differential Graded Lie algebra

Let $(L,d)$ be a Differential Graded Lie Algebra ($L=\bigoplus L_i$ and $d:L_i \to L_{i-1}$ satisfying the graded Leibniz rule). On the algebra $\mathrm{Der}L$ of derivations of $L$ define a grading ...
2
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0answers
101 views

Torsion in profinite groups

Is there a finitely generated profinite group $G$ with a closed subgroup of infinite index $K \leq G$ such that for every $g \in G$ there exists some $n \in \mathbb{N}$ for which $g^n \in K$ ? Can ...
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144 views

rational representation of semisimple algebraic group

Let $G$ be a connected semisimple algebraic group defined over $\mathbb Q$. Could some expert give me a complete classification of finite dimensional $\mathbb Q$-irreducible representations of $G$? ...
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94 views

List of irreducible representations whose weights are in a single Weyl group orbit

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a (finite dimensional) simple (nonabelian) Lie algebra over $\mathbb C$. I need a complete list of irreducible (nontrivial) representations $V$ of $\mathfrak g$ such that the Weyl ...
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23 views

problem with the notation for derivation of contact lie algebra

For contact Lie algebras $K$ over field of characteristic $p>2$ we know that contact lie algebra is the derived lie algebra of the image of contact operator which is defined as $D_K:A(n,m) \mapsto ...
3
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3answers
398 views

classifying space and cohomology of integer general linear group

I have obtained that the classifying space $$ BGL(\mathbb{R}^n)=BO(\mathbb{R}^n)=G_n(\mathbb{R}^\infty) $$ is the Grassmannian. I have also obtained that the mod 2 cohomology is the polynomial ...
5
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0answers
116 views

LS paths construction

Let $W$ be the Weyl group of a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak L$, and for a dominant weight $\lambda$ denote by $W_{\lambda}$ the stabilizer of $\lambda$ in $W$. Let $\leq$ be the Bruhat order on ...
8
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111 views

Comparing a Chevalley basis with the canonical basis of the adjoint module?

First some background: Given a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0 such as $\mathbb{C}$, fix a Cartan decomposition $\mathfrak{g} = \mathfrak{h} ...
3
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171 views

Bruhat decomposition of $G/Q$

Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group over $\mathbb C$, $T$ be a maximal torus and $B$ be a Borel subgroup of $G$ containing $T$. Let $R^+$ be the set of positive roots with respect to $B$. Let $Q$ ...
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43 views

format of grading Witt Lie Algebra

Let $W(n,m)$ be generalized Jacobson-Witt algebra over a field of characteristic p>3, according to the grading of $W(n,m)$ , we know that it inherit the grading from $A(n,m)$ as follows: ...
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64 views

An embedding of modules by tensor product over a Noetherian domain

I have a problem on Ring theory. I would like to prove or disprove the following statement: Let $R$ be a Noetherian domain. Then by the Goldie theorem $R$ have $Q$ as a full ring of quotients and $Q$ ...