**4**

votes

**3**answers

208 views

### Characterising the adjoint representation of SU(N)

One can show that the adjoint representation of $\mathrm{SU}(n)$, the image of the map $\mathrm{Ad}:\mathrm{SU}(n) \rightarrow \mathrm{Aut}(\mathrm{su(n)})\subset \mathrm{GL}(\mathrm{su}(n))$, is an ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

34 views

### Bi-invariant one forms on compact Lie groups

I'm hoping to learn of a criterion for the existence of a bi-invariant one form on a Lie group $G$. I'm looking for a reference that there are no such one forms son $SU(n)$ (as long as this is in fact ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Can the commuting condition in Jordan-Chevalley decomposition be replaced with this global criterion?

Let $G$ be a reductive linear algebraic group defined over an algebraically closed field $k$ of arbitrary characteristic, and write $\mathfrak{g}$ for its Lie algebra.
The Jordan-Chevalley ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### deformation of Lie algebra

How can we deform a given Lie algebra? In particular, in the attachment file how can we arrive at the commutation relations (20) by starting from the commutation relation (19)?
...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Construction of the Lie functor: left vs. right invariant vector fields on Lie groups and Lie groupoids

When constructing the Lie algebra $L(G)$ of a Lie group $G$, one usually uses the identification of the tangent space $T_1 G$ with left invariant vector fields $\mathcal{V}^l(G)$ to construct the Lie ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### A special Lie subalgebra

Motivated by comments of the following post A question on involutions on the Lie algebra of vector fields we ask the following question:
Let $L$ be a Lie algebra. We consider the Lie subalgebra ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Laplace-Beltrami operator on a Lie group

For an arbitrary Lie group, is it always possible to chose a left-invariant Riemannian metric such that the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ is given by
$$\Delta f = \delta^{i j} X_i X_j f$$
for ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Is every closed subgroup of $\text{GL}_n(K[[x]])$ finitely generated?

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $K$ a finite field. Denote by $K[[x]]$ the (profinite) ring of formal power series over $K$. Note that $\text{GL}_n(K[[x]])$ is a profinite group.
Is every closed subgroup of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Explicit description of graded (counital) cofree cocommutative coalgebras

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p \neq 2$, and $V = \oplus V_{n}$ be a graded vector space over $k$.
Then, can one compute the graded (counital) cofree cocommutative coalgebra $C(V)$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

117 views

### Euler-Poincare equations with constraints

It is well known that the stationary curves (say $\Xi(t)$) of a regular Lagrangian $\mathcal{L}$ on a compact, semi-simple Lie group $G$ have the property that $\xi(t) = \frac{d \Xi(t)}{dt} ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Prove the Weyl's Theorem by Kostant's $\mathfrak{n}$-cohomology result [migrated]

I've met an exercise in Kumar's book ("Kac-Moody Groups, their Flag Varieties and Representation Theory", Chapter III, page 89, Ex. 3.2. E, (1) & (2)).
But I have no idea about its proof.
Any ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### (Co)Homology of groups vs. Lie algebras: polynomial rings

For Lie groups (or algebraic groups over fields) there is a strong relation between the cohomology of the group and the cohomology of its Lie algebra. Some MO-question where this is discussed can be ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

414 views

### Geodesics on $SU(4)$

Are the geodesics of the following metrics on $SU(4)$ known or easy (in a way not known to me!) to find?
In the adjoint representation, one can express the Killing form as a matrix and consider it as ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

274 views

### Why should affine lie algebras and quantum groups have equivalent representation theories?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a simple lie algebra over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $\hat{\mathfrak{g}}$ be the Kac-Moody algebra obtained as the canonical central extension of the algebraic loop algebra ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Isomorphic Dual and Conjugate Representations of a Lie Algebra [migrated]

Let $\frak{g}$ be a complex Lie algebra $\frak{g}$, and $R:\frak{g} \to $End$(V)$, a representation for some finite dimensional complex vector space $V$. As is well-known, we can construct from $R$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

47 views

### Involution on $\chi^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$

Is there a Lie algebraic involution $\theta$ on $\chi^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ which restriction to linear vector fields is the involution
$\theta(A)=-A^{tr}$ for $A\in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$?
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### A linear/Lie algebra problem

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a complex linear Lie algebra of dimension $n$. If there exists a basis $\{e_1,\dots,e_n\}$ of $\mathfrak{g}$ such that ...

**22**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Why do Lie algebras pop up, from a categorical point of view?

Groups pop up as automorphism groups in any category.
Rings pop up as endomorphism rings in any additive category.
Is there a similar way to attach a Lie algebra to an object in a category of a ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

149 views

### A Lie algebra identity

Let $G$ be a Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra. Fix a basis $e_1,\dots,e_n$ of $\mathfrak{g}$ and let $e^1,\dots,e^n$ be its dual basis. We also use $e^i$ to denote the left-invariant ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

563 views

### nth term in the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula

I am trying to prove a result for which I need the nth term of the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula. I came at this particular result (which is not of significance for the question, but mentioning for ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

193 views

### A question on involutions on the Lie algebra of vector fields

Edite According to the essential comment of Ian Agol I revise the question as follows
For a smooth manifold $M$, is there a non identity involution $\theta$ on the lie algebra $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Springer Isomorphisms for Adjoint Simple Exceptional Groups

I'm trying to understand explicitly a construction of Springer isomorphisms for adjoint exceptional groups given by Bardsley and Richardson. Their construction is as follows. Let $G$ be an adjoint ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

285 views

### The surjectivity of the exponential map for the isometry group

Little is known on general conditions guaranteeing that the exponential map between a Lie algebra and an associated Lie group is surjective.
Let $M$ be a noncompact connected Riemann manifold, and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

37 views

### Termination conditions for matrix Lie alebra basis generation via “P. Hall algorithm”

Suppose $g_1,...,g_n\in\mathbb{M}_{d\times d}(\mathbb{C})$ are matrices and we are interested in finding the smallest matrix Lie algebra containing them, that is, the matrix Lie algebra generated by ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Non-semisimple Lie algebra tensors

Let $\mathfrak{L}$ be a non-semisimple Lie algebra. Let $T_i$ be its generators. As usual, define the structure constants $C_{ij}^k$ by $[T_i,T_j]=C_{ij}^kT_k$ and the metric tensor $g_{jm}$ by ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Quadratic Casimir of fundamental irreps of simply-laced Lie algebras

I have the following question, motivated by the expression for the character of level 1 highest weight integrable representations of simply-laced affine algebras (in terms of the string function). It ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Generators for invariant tensors of lie algebras

EDITED FOR (hopeful) CLARITY:
For a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ (over $\mathbb{C}$) and its adjoint group G, the $G$-invariant polynomials on $\mathfrak{g}$ are linear combinations of products ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Lie group GL(4) representation decomposition

Let $V$ be the defining representation of $GL(4,\mathbb C)\to GL(V)$ with $V=\mathbb{C}^4$.
Let $Ext\;V$ be the exterior square of $V$ which is a 6-dim repsentation.
My question: How does $$V\otimes ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### PBW basis and canonical basis

Consider the example of $\mathfrak{g} = sl_3$. Then
$$
\mathfrak{g} = \mathfrak{n} \oplus \mathfrak{h} \oplus \mathfrak{n}^{-},
$$
where $\mathfrak{n}$ is generated by $E_{12}, E_{13}, E_{23}$, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### About the construction of the Universal Enveloping Lie Algebroid

Let $X$ be a reasonable smooth scheme over some base $S$. The tangent sheaf $T_X$ is a Lie algebroid, locally free as a $\mathcal{O}_X$ module, and its Universal Enveloping Lie Algebroid ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

65 views

### Representations of $\mathfrak{so}(3)$ ($\mathfrak{so}(2,1)$) and $SO(3)$ ($SO(2,1)$)

(Apologies if this question is too basic!) I have explicit 5-dimensional real representations of $\mathfrak{so}(3)$ and $\mathfrak{so}(2,1)$, and I want to know whether it's necessarily true that the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

64 views

### Smallest subalgebra of $\mathfrak{su}(4)$ arrising from a control problem on $SU(4)$

What is the smallest subalgebra of $\mathfrak{su}(4)$ containing the span of the set $A = \{A, B_1, B_2\}$ where:
$A = i (J^x \sigma_x \otimes \sigma_x + J^y \sigma_y \otimes \sigma_y + J^z \sigma_z ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

122 views

### Which linear combinations of simple roots are roots

Let $\Delta$ be the root system of a complex simple Lie algebra, $\Delta^+$ be positive roots and $\Pi$ be simple roots. We view $\Pi$ as nodes of the Dynkin diagram.
Then for any two simple roots ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Number of Richardson orbits in simple Lie algebras of types $E_n$?

This is a follow-up to my question about nilpotent orbits here asked in connection with an earlier discussion of symplectic resolutions. Leaving aside the connections with algebraic geometry and ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

118 views

### Understanding lie bracket of simple Lie algebra $W(2)$ [closed]

Please accept my apologies in advance for my simple question.
Let $W(2)$ be a simple Lie algebra over $\mathrm{GF}(2)$. We know that it has a basis with three elements like ${w_1,w_2,w_3}$. I cannot ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

66 views

### A property of compact involutions of semi-simple Lie algebras?

I need to prove the statement below. Since my background on Lie theory is rather weak, I post it here.
Let $\frak{g}$ be a complex semi-simple Lie algebra. Fix a Cartan subalgebra $\frak{h}$ with ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Locus maximizing the holomorphic sectional curvature in a non-compact Hermitian symmetric space

Is there a quick way to prove the following statement, if possible without resorting to the classification of simple Lie groups?
Let $G$ be a simple Lie group of non-compact Hermitian type of rank ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

274 views

### Examples of Richardson orbit closures not having a symplectic resolution?

This is a follow-up to a recent question asked by Peter Crooks here. The answer by Ben Webster includes a helpful link to the corrected arXiv version of Baohua Fu's 2003 Invent. Math. paper ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

404 views

### Computing $\int_0^T e^{itA}Be^{-itA} dt$ without an infinite series

I'm hoping to compute the following integral: $\int_0^T e^{itA}Be^{-itA} dt$ where $iA, iB$ are traceless anti-Hermitian matrices (i.e. $\mathfrak{su}(n)$). I have found the following form for the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Adjoint action of semi-direct product

Let $G$ and $H$ be Lie groups with associated Lie algebras $\mathfrak{g}:=\text{Lie}(G)$ and $\mathfrak{h}:=\text{Lie}(H)$ and adjoint actions
$\text{Ad}^G:G \to \text{Aut}_\text{Lie}(\mathfrak{g})$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### R-linear representations of sl(2,C)

Is there some good reference for the classification of finite-dimensional ${\mathbb R}$-linear (as opposed to ${\mathbb C}$-linear) representations of $\mathfrak{sl}_2{\mathbb C}$?
Equivalently, what ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

59 views

### A canonical G_m (or G) action on the Slodowy slice

Question
By Slodowy slice I mean a transverse slice at a subregular nilpotent orbit in a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ (in particular I am not intersecting with the nilpotent cone). Consider the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

300 views

### Solving $T^2 = -\kappa\, \mathrm{Tr}\, (\log(e^{i T \hat{H}_0} \hat{O}) )^2$ equation

Is there a way to solve the equation: $T^2 = -\kappa\, \mathrm{Tr}\, (\log(e^{i T \hat{H}_0} \hat{O}) )^2$ for $T$?
Here $\kappa$ is an arbitrary positive constant, $\hat{H}_0 \in \mathfrak{su}(N)$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### Special Riemannian connections?

Assume that $E$ is a bundle of Lie Algebras. Let $g$ be an invariant metric on $E$, that is for all $p\in M$, $$g_p([x,y],z)+g_p(y,[x,z])=0,$$ where $x,y,z\in E_p$ are arbitrary.
Is there a ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

564 views

### How many three dimensional real Lie algebras are there?

The main point of the question is: I would like to know whether there are only finitely many, countable infinitely many or even uncountable many isomorphism classes of $3$-dimensional real lie ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Special family of Metrics on Transitive Lie Algebroids?

Let $\rho:E\longrightarrow TM$ is a transitive Lie Algebroid, then $L=ker\rho$ is bundle of lie algebras. Suppose $\Gamma:TM\longrightarrow E$ be a linear splitting. Define
$$\nabla_X ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### When does finite presentability of the associated graded Lie algebra of a group imply the group is finitely presented?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group; let $L(G)$ denote the graded Lie algebra (over $\mathbb{Q}$) associated to the lower central series of $G$. I would like to know conditions for when the finite ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### necessary and sufficient conditions for littlewood richardson coefficients to be non zero

Is there any necessary and sufficient conditions for $V(\tau)$ to be an irreducible component of the tensor product of two irreducible representations $V(\lambda)$ and $V(\mu)$ of a simple lie algebra ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

85 views

### tensor product of two irreducibles having same maximal weight

Is there any explicit decomposition of tensor product of two finite dimensional irreducible modules of simple lie algebras whose highest weights are same?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

414 views

### A question about Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory

Let $G$ ba a compat Lie group and $\frak g$ be its Lie algebra, then by Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory we know that if we take $M=T^*G$ and $J:M\to \frak g^*$ be its moment map then the reduced ...