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### Number of lattice points inside a parallelogram defined by a vector on the “rhombic plane”

I will give here a specific case and try to explain the question the best I can:
The rhombic plane is the plane with the x-axis the same as the Cartesian plane but the y-axis tilted at $60$ degrees. ...

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50 views

### Is this related to a simple property of a lattice?

I am looking for a certain notion of sparseness of lattices.
I want to find a vector in $\mathbb{Z}^N$ that the minimal possible inner product with all the vectors of a given lattice. Or at least, I ...

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**1**answer

269 views

### Defining measures over frames in place of $\sigma$-algebras

Normally, measures and probability spaces are defined over $\sigma$-algebras. I was wondering what would happen if one tries to define it over frames in place of $\sigma$-algebras? Specifically, ...

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211 views

### Are the homogeneous single chain subfactors, Dedekind?

Background: See here and there.
Recall that a subfactor is Dedekind if all its intermediate subfactors are normal.
A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain (HSC) if its lattice ...

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**4**answers

183 views

### Is every Heyting algebra the Lindenbaum algebra of an intuitionistic first order theory?

This question comes after the comments in the recent related question Sigma-complete Lindenbaum algebras?, but in its current form is sufficiently different in my opinion, and so I decided to follow ...

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519 views

### What groups have a second maximal subgroup below exactly four maximal subgroups?

I am looking for a finite group $G$ with the following property: there is a (core-free) subgroup $H < G$ such that the interval $\{ K : H < K < G\}$ in Sub[$G$] contains exactly four maximal ...

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**1**answer

345 views

### Abelian subfactors, a relevant concept?

Through the questions below, this post asks whether the concept of abelian subfactor is relevant.
Remark : here abelian qualifies an inclusion of II$_1$ factors $(N \subset M)$, $N$ is not an abelian ...

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126 views

### Existence of homogeneous single chain compositions of a given maximal subfactor?

All the subfactors here are irreducible inclusion of hyperfinite II$_1$ factors.
A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain ($HSC$) if its lattice of intermediate subfactors is a ...

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94 views

### Krein-Rutman version of Hahn-Banach

Consider an arbitrary set of normed Riesz spaces $(X_i,\Vert \cdot \Vert_i,\leq)$, $i\in I$ ($I$ can be compact).
Can I apply the Krein-Rutman version (
see Schaefer; TVS; Corollary 2 of 5.4, ...

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**1**answer

153 views

### Is this bounded from below?

Let $u_1, u_2, u_3 \in \mathbb{Z}$ such that $u_1^2 + u_2^2 = u_3^2$.
Is $(u_3 + \frac{u_1 + u_2}{\sqrt{2}})^2$ bounded from below?
The irrationality of $\sqrt{2}$ certainly precludes zero, but can ...

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82 views

### Has the single sorted case of formal concept analysis been investigated?

A formal context in formal concept analysis is a triple $K = (G, M, I)$ where $G$ is a set of objects, $M$ is a set of attributes and the binary relation $I \subset G \times M$ shows which objects ...

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**1**answer

269 views

### Compactness and completeness in Gödel logic

The standard proof of the completeness theorem in first-order Gödel logic is based
on a first-order countable language. I want to know that is there any proof of the completeness theorem in ...

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151 views

### Inequality regarding sum of gaussian on lattices

When S is a subset of an inner product space, let d(S) denote ${\sum\limits_{s \in S} e^{- \langle s,s \rangle}}$
Suppose L is a discrete additive subgroup of $\mathbb{R^n}$, M is a subgroup of L, ...

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**1**answer

59 views

### existence of more distributive Boolean lattices

Are there a Boolean lattice $(X,\le)$ and a nonempty collection $(a_{ij})_{i\in I,j\in J}\subseteq X$ such that
$$\bigvee_{i\in I}\bigwedge_{j\in J}{a_{ij}}\ne \bigwedge_{f:I\to J}\bigvee_{i\in ...

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**1**answer

504 views

### Lovász $\delta$ condition for LLL Algorithm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenstra%E2%80%93Lenstra%E2%80%93Lov%C3%A1sz_lattice_basis_reduction_algorithm
What is the importance of the $\delta$ parameter for LLL bases called LovĂˇsz condition?
...

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336 views

### Minimal (semi)lattice containing a given poset

For a given poset, (I think that) it is easy to construct the minimal join-semilattice containing that poset. I wonder whether the minimal lattice containing that poset is also easy to construct. I ...

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246 views

### Constructing the Stone Space of a Distributive Lattice

Does anyone have a good reference for the method of giving a topology to a distributive lattice as outlined in M.H. Stone's "Topological representation of distributive lattices and Brouwerian logics"? ...

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489 views

### Why is the right permutohedron order (aka weak order) on $S_n$ a lattice?

This is one of those things I never expected to be hard until I tried to prove it. Why is the right permutohedron order (a.k.a. weak Bruhat order, a.k.a. weak order -- not to be confused with the ...

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120 views

### references for properties/examples of breadth in (semi)lattices

This is in some sense following up on my earlier question and the answer given by NN.
I am currently revising the paper which used the condition mentioned in my question. It was pointed out in NN's ...

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131 views

### Bound on Minimal Length of Vectors in Lattice and its Dual Lattice

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\Lambda^\ast$ its dual lattice. Let $d=\min_{v\in\Lambda} (v,v)$ and $d^\ast =\min_{v\in\Lambda^\ast} (v,v)$ be the minimal squared lengths of vectors ...

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526 views

### Maximal number of maximal subgroups

Let $G$ be a finite group. I want to find an upper bound on the number of the maximal subgroups. My questions is does it possible to prove that the number of maximal subgroups of any finite group $G$ ...

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114 views

### Is the direct product of distributive inclusions of groups, modular?

Let $H$ a subgroup of $G$ and $\mathcal{L}(H \subset G)$ the lattice of intermediate subgroups ($\mathcal{L}( G)$ if $H= \{ e \}$).
Definitions: A lattice $(L, \wedge, \vee)$ is :
- Distributive if ...

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118 views

### Products of maximal inclusions of finite groups with a non-obvious intermediate

Let $(H_1 \subset G_1)$ and $(H_2 \subset G_2)$ be core-free maximal inclusions of finite groups.
Their product, the inclusion $(H_1 \times H_2 \subset G_1 \times G_2)$, admits four obvious ...

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165 views

### Existence of inclusions of finite groups with a particular lattice property

Definition : Let $\sim$ be the equivalence relation on inclusions of finite groups, generated by :
$(H \subset G) \sim (\phi(H) \subset \phi(G))$, with $ \phi: G \to L$ a finite group morphism and ...

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**6**answers

885 views

### Was lattice theory central to mid-20th century mathematics?

Four years ago, I read a book on the history of mathematics up to 1970 or so. It was very interesting up until the end. The last few chapters, though, were on lattices. The author claimed that ...

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113 views

### Are there atomistic ortholattices which are not modular?

Let $L$ be an atomic ortholattice. We say that two elements $a$ and $b$ of $L$ are orthogonal if $a\leq b^\perp$. If $L$ is orthomodular then every element of $L$ can be written as a join of pairwise ...

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86 views

### Siegel's Mean Value Theorem by Rogers and Macbeath

I recently became engaged in the work of Siegel, Schmidt, Rogers, Macbeath regarding random lattices and geometry of numbers, e.g. Siegel proved that
$$\int_{SL(n,\mathbb{R})/SL(n,\mathbb{Z})} \sum_{ ...

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58 views

### Algebraicity of isogenies as maps of lattices

Let $E_i\colon y^2=4x^3+A_ix+B_i$, for $i=1,2$ be two elliptic curves where $A_i,B_i \in \mathbb C$ are algebraic over $\mathbb Q$. For $i=1,2$ let $\Lambda_i\subseteq \mathbb C$ be the unique lattice ...

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254 views

### Is this obfuscation scheme unbreakable?

I've just come across this popular article about a breakthrough (which can be purchased here), published in Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS), 2013 IEEE 54th Annual Symposium by a team of ...

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230 views

### Lattice points and convex bodies

Given are two convex bodies $K, L \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ that contain the origin as an interior point. Assume the number of integer points contained in $\lambda K$ equals the number of integer points ...

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95 views

### How “accidental” are equalities between parts of Ehrhart quasi-polynomials? When do they persist to Euler-Maclaurin?

Background
What I think of Ehrhart theory (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ehrhart_polynomial) asserts that if we take a lattice polytope $P$, and count the number of lattice points in the $t$th ...

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51 views

### Finding special vectors generated by a matrix

Let $G\in \Bbb Z^{n\times n}$ be a unimodular matrix.
Are there any efficient algorithms to find the maximum norm of a vector $v$ that satisfies $\langle\Delta(v),v\rangle=0$ over all vectors $v\in ...

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355 views

### Finite index free subgroups of $\mathrm{SL}(3,\mathbb{Z})$

Does $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$ have a free subgroup of finite index for some $n \geq 3$? I know that $\mathrm{SL}(3,\mathbb{Z})$ has many free subgroups and that in the case of ...

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81 views

### Dedekindâ€“MacNeille completion of ordered abelian monoids

It's known that the Dedekindâ€“Macneille completion of an ordered Abelian group necessarily is not an ordered Abelian group (and it is an ordered Abelian monoid). I want to know that what happened ...

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63 views

### approximate coordinates in a one dimensional lattice

suppose I have a finite set of real numbers ${r_1, \ldots r_n \in \mathbf{R} }$ and a single real number $x \in \mathbf{R}$. Is there a fast algorithm for finding integer numbers ${i_1, \ldots i_n \in ...

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1k views

### Online introduction to Lattice Theory?

Apart from J. B Nation's (revised) Notes on Lattice Theory, is there any other (mostly introductory) material on Lattices available online?

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### A group-theoretic perspective on Frankl's union closed problem

Here is a group theoretic phrasing of a special case of the union closed conjecture:
Question: Given a finite group $G$, is there an element of prime power order which is contained in at most half ...

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174 views

### Even unimodular lattices with root system $32 A_1$

I'm studying Venkov's proof of the classification of even unimodular rank 24 lattices, and it prompted the following question.
For an even unimodular lattice $L$, let $R(L)= \{ x \in L : (x,x) =2\}$ ...

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165 views

### Crystal structure, lattice, Graph and coloring

I am working across mathematics, physics and engineering. And I am looking for whether there exists already formally established knowledge in the field.
Given a periodic graph (actually a physical ...

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### Counterexamples in universal algebra

Universal algebra - roughly - is the study, construed broadly, of classes of algebraic structures (in a given language) defined by equations. Of course, it is really much more than that, but that's ...

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90 views

### Lorentz quotient and orientation

$$ U \; = \;
\left( \begin{array}{cc}
0 & 1 \\\
1 & 0
\end{array}
\right) ,
$$
Given a real oriented vector space $V$ with inner product, form Lorentzian $L = V \oplus ...

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1k views

### When are Ehrhart functions of compact convex sets polynomials?

Given a lattice $L$ and a subset $P\subset \mathbb R^d$, we define for each positive integer $t$ $$f_P(L,t)=|(tP\cap L)|$$ the number of lattice points in $tP$. Let's say $P$ is nice if $f_P(L,t)$ is ...

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66 views

### Uniqueness of minimal completions of a partially ordered set

The partially ordered set $(Y,\le)$ is called a superspace of the partially ordered set $(X,\le')$ iff
$X\subseteq Y$.
$\le'=(\le\cap X^2)$.
and a completion of $(X,\le')$ if in addition
$~~ 3$. ...

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**1**answer

160 views

### Finite-index free subgroups in lattices and matrix rings

It is a theorem of Selberg that a lattice $\Gamma$ in a linear group has a torsion-free subgroup of finite index. Page 64 in 'Introduction to Arithmetic Groups' by Dave Morris asserts these can be ...

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95 views

### Nonplanar equilateral lattice “pentagons”

It is well-known that no two-dimensional point lattice contains a regular pentagon. (See for example http://mathworld.wolfram.com/LatticePolygon.html.) The same is true for lattices in $\mathbb{R}^n$, ...

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219 views

### Inequalities for averaging over partially ordered sets

Let's start from a classical inequality:
If $0\le a_1\le\cdots\le a_k$ and $0\le b_1\le\cdots\le b_k$ then
$(a_1+\cdots+a_k)(b_1+\cdots+b_k)\le k(a_1b_1+\cdots+a_k b_k)$.
It can be written also in ...

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124 views

### Sampling a two-dimensional Gaussian distribution at points along an integer lattice

Please consider a two-dimensional Gaussian of the general form: $A*e^{-(\frac{(x-x_0)}{2\sigma_x^2}+\frac{(y-y_0)}{2\sigma_y^2})}$, where $C$ is the peak of the Gaussian, i.e. the point at which the ...

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2k views

### Polar body of a convex body that avoids a lattice

Let $K \subset {\bf R}^d$ be a symmetric convex body (an open bounded convex neighbourhood of the origin with $K = -K$) with the property that $K + {\bf Z}^d \neq {\bf R}^d$, i.e. the projection of ...

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**1**answer

182 views

### Is any order bounded continuous linear functionals a difference of positive continuous functionals?

Let $B$ be a Banach space and $K$ a closed proper cone in $B$ such that the induced partial order makes $B$ a vector lattice. Let $K'=\{x^*\in B':\langle x^*, x\rangle\geq 0\ \forall x\in K\}$ the ...

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123 views

### Techniques for showing optimality of given packing

There are some natural packing problems that have been asked in mathematics. Some of them are:
1)How many balls can be placed with in a cube?
2)How many equidistant points can be place on the ...