Lattices as they are used in number theory. (Not to be confused with lattice theory or lattices as used in physics!)

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5
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1answer
146 views

Given a positive-definite integral unimodular Gram matrix, how to find a basis of the associated lattice (over $\mathbf Q$)?

Let $G$ be a $n\times n-$symmetric matrix with integral coefficients and determinant $1$ (i.e. unimodular) such that the associated quadratic form is positive-definite. I am interested in having an ...
12
votes
3answers
589 views

Conjecture regarding closest point inside a discrete ball to a line

I'm a PhD student in image processing, where I've stumbled into a problem that seems to be essentially number theory. I've hunted around online and while I've found many results on similar problems, ...
6
votes
1answer
106 views

Translative packing constant strictly larger than lattice packing constant

Simply put, my question is this: what is the smallest dimension, if any, where we can know for sure that a convex body exists whose translative packing constant is strictly larger than its lattice ...
3
votes
2answers
165 views

Cohomology of SL(2,R) with coefficients given by linear action

Let $SL(2,{\mathbb R})$ act on ${\mathbb R}^2$ by matrix multiplication. What is known about group cohomology $H^*(SL(2,{\mathbb R}),{\mathbb R}^2)$? And about $$H^*(\Gamma,{\mathbb R}^2)$$ for a ...
5
votes
2answers
165 views

Decomposing polyhedral cones into “direct sums” and a polynomial

This question consists of two parts. I'm not breaking it up into two separate ones because posing the second question would essentially require me two rewrite the first one. Also, to some extent, the ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Generators for lattice polytopes

Let $V$ be a finite set of integral vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Consider the real (positive) convex cone $\mathbb{R}_+V$ spanned by $V$. We can assume that all vectors in $V$ are extremal in ...
45
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4answers
2k views

How do the compact Hausdorff topologies sit in the lattice of all topologies on a set?

This question is about the space of all topologies on a fixed set X. We may order the topologies by refinement, so that τ ≤ σ just in case every τ open set is open in σ. ...
7
votes
1answer
636 views

Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Theorem (Øystein Ore, 1938): A finite group $G$ is cyclic iff its lattice of subgroups $\mathcal{L}(G)$ is distributive. Proof: see below. Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups and ...
0
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2answers
62 views

Information needed to distinguish combinatorially isomorphic polytopes (up to affine equivalence)

I originally posted this question on Stack Exchange, thinking it perhaps does not qualify as "research-level" but it received no answers... hopefully someone here can help. The title pretty much ...
5
votes
0answers
76 views

Bound on the number of lattice points in d-dimensional ball

The following paper states that the number of lattice points in a $d$-dimensional ball of radius $R$ is $V_d R^d + O(R^\alpha)$ where $\alpha = d - 2$ and $V_d$ is the volume of the unit ...
11
votes
0answers
197 views

Who first showed that $SL(n,O_K)$ is a lattice for a number ring $O_K$?

Let $O_K$ be the ring of integers in an algebraic number field $K$. Assume that $K$ has $r$ real embeddings and $s$ pairs of complex conjugate complex embeddings. There is then an injective ...
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0answers
134 views

Standard name for a Monoid/Semigroup with $a+b \leq a, b$?

I have seen suplattice and inflattice being used when dealing with a lattice. What about when you don't have a lattice? For instance, for reals $a,b > 0$, define $$a \oplus b = ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

Dislocations,Disclinations Latices, Displacement fields and scaling

I am looking up Frank, and Burger vectors and associated material on dislocation/disclination. It seems straightforward describing a lattice and what dislocation means. It is even possible to restrict ...
3
votes
0answers
244 views

What's the ratio of inclusions of finite groups with a distributive lattice?

Definition: Two inclusions of finite groups are equivalent, $(A \subset B) \sim (C \subset D)$, if: $(A/A_B \subset B/A_B) \simeq (C/C_D \subset D/C_D)$ with $A_B$ the normal core of $A$ in $B$. ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Sumset of parallel arithmetic progressions in Euclidean space

Let $A$ be a finite subset of $\mathbb R^n$ such that dim $A=n$ ($A$ is not contained in any lower dimensional hyperplane). It is a known result from Freiman that the size of the sumset $A+A$ is lower ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Are Zariski-dense representations of a cocompact complex hyperbolic lattice non-obstructed?

Question Suppose that $\Gamma < \text{SU}(n,1)$ is a cocompact lattice, and let $\rho \colon \Gamma \to G$ be a representation to a non-compact simple Lie group (most interesting case for me: $G = ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Functional Encryption for Inner Product Predicates

I want to try to implement a functional encryption scheme proposed in http://eprint.iacr.org/2011/410. The first problem I faced with is a TrapGen algorithm. In the paper theorem 3.1 states that: ...
2
votes
1answer
421 views

Abelian subfactors, a relevant concept?

Through the questions below, this post asks whether the concept of abelian subfactor is relevant. Remark : here abelian qualifies an inclusion of II$_1$ factors $(N \subset M)$, $N$ is not an abelian ...
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0answers
171 views

$\mathcal{L}(H_i \subset G_i)$ distributive $\Rightarrow$ $\mathcal{L}(H_1 \times H_2 \subset G_1 \times G_2)$ modular?

Let $\mathcal{L}( G)$ be the lattice of subgroups of $G$ and $\mathcal{L}(H \subset G)$ the lattice of intermediate subgroups. Definitions: A lattice $(L, \wedge, \vee)$ is distributive if, ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

When are the congruence lattices nicer?

This is a purely idle question, but one I'm increasingly interested the more thought I put into it: For $\mathcal{A}$ a universal algebra (that is, nonempty set together with some named functions), a ...
6
votes
0answers
123 views

Upper bound on the number of ismorphism classes of bilinear forms on $\mathbb{Z}^n$

$\DeclareMathOperator{\Hom}{Hom}$A symmetric, positive definite bilinear form on $\mathbb{Z}^n$ is any mapping $$b : \mathbb{Z}^n \times \mathbb{Z}^n \to \mathbb{Z}$$ satisfying $b$ is bilinear, ...
3
votes
0answers
121 views

n-dimensional Delaunay Triangulation of Lattices

I have several questions concerning the Delaunay triangulation of a high dimensional lattice. Given an $n$-dimensional lattice $L$ and its Delaunay triangulation (partition of $R^n$ into simplices ...
1
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1answer
193 views

Existence of homogeneous single chain compositions of a given maximal subfactor?

All the subfactors here are irreducible inclusion of hyperfinite II$_1$ factors. A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain ($HSC$) if its lattice of intermediate subfactors is a ...
5
votes
1answer
313 views

Easiest way to distinguish $E_8 \oplus E_8$ from $E_{16}$

For $n$ an integer divisible by $8$, let me denote by $E_n$ the "usual" even non-degenerate positive definite integral symmetric bilinear form over $\mathbf Z^n$. It is well known that in dimension ...
5
votes
2answers
153 views

Covolume of the row span of a matrix and of the kernel of a matrix

Let $L$ be a $k$-dimensional lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$. The covolume $\hbox{CoVol}(L)$ of $L$ is the $k$-dimensional volume of a fundamental domain for $L$, i.e., the volume of the parallelopiped ...
7
votes
1answer
272 views

Examples of fundamental domains

Everyone knows that it's difficult to compute a general fundamental domain for an arithmetic group but are there any specific examples where such domains have been calculated? I'm mostly interested in ...
8
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1answer
199 views

Why do the projections in the Calkin algebra not form a lattice?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable complex Hilbert space. Denote by $\mathcal{B}(H)$ the C*-algebra of bounded operators on $H$, $\mathcal{K}(H)$ the ideal of compact operators on $H$, and ...
1
vote
1answer
405 views

Compactness and completeness in Gödel logic

The standard proof of the completeness theorem in first-order Gödel logic is based on a first-order countable language. I want to know that is there any proof of the completeness theorem in ...
10
votes
2answers
340 views

Inequalities for averaging over partially ordered sets

Let's start from a classical inequality: If $0\le a_1\le\cdots\le a_k$ and $0\le b_1\le\cdots\le b_k$ then $(a_1+\cdots+a_k)(b_1+\cdots+b_k)\le k(a_1b_1+\cdots+a_k b_k)$. It can be written also in ...
20
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7answers
1k views

Was lattice theory central to mid-20th century mathematics?

Four years ago, I read a book on the history of mathematics up to 1970 or so. It was very interesting up until the end. The last few chapters, though, were on lattices. The author claimed that ...
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0answers
40 views

Is it true that the set of points minimizing their distance to a multiset of intervals from a distributive lattice is an interval?

Let $(E, \preceq)$ be a finite distributive lattice, $H_E$ be the Hasse diagram of $E$ and $d$ be the distance on $E \times E$ defined as the length of the shortest path in $H_E$ between any pair of ...
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vote
0answers
174 views

A question on the poset of classes of isomorphic subgroups of finite groups

Given a finite group $G$, we consider the set $${\rm Iso}(G)=\{[H]\mid H\leq G\},$$where $[H]=\{K\leq G\mid K\cong H\}, \forall H\leq G$. Then ${\rm Iso}(G)$ can be partially ordered by defining ...
29
votes
15answers
2k views

Counterexamples in universal algebra

Universal algebra - roughly - is the study, construed broadly, of classes of algebraic structures (in a given language) defined by equations. Of course, it is really much more than that, but that's ...
3
votes
0answers
103 views

Lattice with trivial spinor norm

Let $\Lambda$ be a non-degenerate lattice (over $\mathbb{Z}$) with quadratic form $q$. I define the spinor norm $\theta \colon O(\Lambda_\mathbb{R} )\to \lbrace\pm 1\rbrace$ as follows: For a ...
22
votes
0answers
387 views

Is there an Ehrhart polynomial for Gaussian integers

Let $N$ be a positive integer and let $P \subset \mathbb{C}$ be a polygon whose vertices are of the form $(a_1+b_1 i)/N$, $(a_2+b_2 i)/N$, ..., $(a_r+b_r i)/N$, with $a_j + b_j i$ being various ...
2
votes
1answer
626 views

Theta Functions and Cousins

So I am (barely) familiar with the construction of the theta function of an integral lattice $L$. The theta function, as I understand it, is defined as the function which takes a variable $z$ and ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

Periodic functions over different lattices in $\mathbb R^d$ are linearly independent [closed]

I have the following claim that I think have been proved by someone, but I can not find the reference, hence I would like to ask for help. Here is the claim: Let $f_1, \ldots, f_n$ be continuous ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

A limit of a sum related to integer lattice and power series

I have the following lemma that I would like to find a source to cite for. Let $L$ be a subset of $\mathbb Z^d_{>0}$. I would like to claim that the limit $$\lim_{z \to (1,\ldots,1)^-} (\sum_{v ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

generality of the lattice of normal subgroups

Let $(X,\le)$ a (finite) modular lattice. Is there a (finite) group $G$ such that the lattice of all normal subgroups of $G$ is isomorphic to $(X,\le)$?
10
votes
3answers
422 views

orbits of automorphism group for indefinite lattices

I have a question about indefinite lattices. QUESTION: Let $\Lambda\times\Lambda\rightarrow {\Bbb Z}$ be a lattice, that is, ${\Bbb Z}^n$ with a non-degenerate integer quadratic form, not necessarily ...
4
votes
1answer
395 views

Topological Problems Solved by Lattice Duality

It is well known the success of lattice dualities (as Pontryagin duality for abelian groups, Stone duality for Boolean algebras and Priestley duality for distributive lattices) to solve algebraic ...
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0answers
59 views

Is this related to a simple property of a lattice?

I am looking for a certain notion of sparseness of lattices. I want to find a vector in $\mathbb{Z}^N$ that the minimal possible inner product with all the vectors of a given lattice. Or at least, I ...
11
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1answer
279 views

Defining measures over frames in place of $\sigma$-algebras

Normally, measures and probability spaces are defined over $\sigma$-algebras. I was wondering what would happen if one tries to define it over frames in place of $\sigma$-algebras? Specifically, ...
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0answers
239 views

Are the homogeneous single chain subfactors, Dedekind?

Background: See here and there. Recall that a subfactor is Dedekind if all its intermediate subfactors are normal. A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain (HSC) if its lattice ...
5
votes
4answers
262 views

Is every Heyting algebra the Lindenbaum algebra of an intuitionistic first order theory?

This question comes after the comments in the recent related question Sigma-complete Lindenbaum algebras?, but in its current form is sufficiently different in my opinion, and so I decided to follow ...
7
votes
2answers
525 views

What groups have a second maximal subgroup below exactly four maximal subgroups?

I am looking for a finite group $G$ with the following property: there is a (core-free) subgroup $H < G$ such that the interval $\{ K : H < K < G\}$ in Sub[$G$] contains exactly four maximal ...
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votes
0answers
97 views

Krein-Rutman version of Hahn-Banach

Consider an arbitrary set of normed Riesz spaces $(X_i,\Vert \cdot \Vert_i,\leq)$, $i\in I$ ($I$ can be compact). Can I apply the Krein-Rutman version ( see Schaefer; TVS; Corollary 2 of 5.4, ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Is this bounded from below?

Let $u_1, u_2, u_3 \in \mathbb{Z}$ such that $u_1^2 + u_2^2 = u_3^2$. Is $(u_3 + \frac{u_1 + u_2}{\sqrt{2}})^2$ bounded from below? The irrationality of $\sqrt{2}$ certainly precludes zero, but can ...
2
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1answer
100 views

Has the single sorted case of formal concept analysis been investigated?

A formal context in formal concept analysis is a triple $K = (G, M, I)$ where $G$ is a set of objects, $M$ is a set of attributes and the binary relation $I \subset G \times M$ shows which objects ...