Lattices as they are used in number theory. (Not to be confused with lattice theory or lattices as used in physics!)

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Finding Generators of O( Z^3,x^2 + xy + y^2 - z^2) and integer solutions

All pythagorean triples can be generated from $(3,4,5)^T$ and $(5,4,3)^T$ by the matrices: \[ A = \left(\begin{array}{ccc} -1 & 2 & 2 \\\\ -2 & 1 & 2 \\\\-2 & 2 & 3 ...
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139 views

Minimally 6-connected 3D discrete lines that are convex lattice sets

There are several definitions of 3D discrete lines, e.g. http://diwww.epfl.ch/w3lsp/publications/discretegeo/nratddl.html , http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-19867-0_4 . However, I know of none that ...
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252 views

Pointwise bounds for Dirichlet kernel over truncated lattice

In 1 dimension, a "one-sided" Dirichlet kernel $D_N(x)=\sum_{k=0}^{k=N}e^{\frac{2\pi}{N}ikx}$ has its module sharply peaked around points corresponding, roughly, to the "dual lattice" ...
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194 views

Upper bound on the number of shortest vectors in a lattice

Given a Lattice $L$ (e.g. by its Gram-Matrix or via a basis) I would like to know whether there is an upper bound on the number of shortest vectors in $L$. Available information on $L$ includes ...
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527 views

Maximal number of edges and triangular cells for n points in a triangular lattice

Consider a subset of $n$ points in an equilateral triangular lattice. Draw all the edges between nearest-neighbor points. What is the maximum, over all such subsets, of the number of edges? This ...
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1answer
208 views

Representing integer points inside a polytope using a unit hypercube

Let $D\subset\mathbb{Z}\times\mathbb{Z}$ such that $D$ is formed by the points bounded by a convex polytope. Let $f:D\to\mathbb{R}$ defined by $f(x,y)=ax+by+c$, where $a,b,c\in\mathbb{R}$ and ...
5
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2answers
525 views

Lattices in SOL

Consider a semi-direct product $\mathbb{Z}^2\rtimes_A\mathbb{Z}$, where $A\in SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ and $|Tr(A)|>2$. It is clear that it is isomorphic to a lattice in the 3-dimensional solvable Lie ...
8
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676 views

The Number of Short Vectors in a Lattice

Given a lattice $L = \bigoplus_{i=1}^{m} \mathbb{Z}v_i$ (the $v_i$ are linearly independent vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$) and a number $c > 0$, can one quickly compute or find a good estimate on the ...
4
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1answer
451 views

Lorentzian characterization of genus

Suppose we take the "even" indefinite lattice from page 50 in Serre A Course in Arithmetic (1973) $$ U \; = \; \left( \begin{array}{cc} 0 & 1 \\\ 1 & 0 \end{array} \right),$$ ...
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3answers
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A Priori proof that Covering Radius strictly less than $\sqrt 2$ implies class number one

It turns out that each of Pete L. Clark's "euclidean" quadratic forms, as long as it has coefficients in the rational integers $\mathbb Z$ and is positive, is in a genus containing only one ...
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421 views

Is the square of the covering radius of an integral lattice/quadratic form always rational?

This is one of many observations from Pete L. Clark's questions on "Euclidean" quadratic forms. I sent Pete many positive integral forms that obeyed his condition. In turn, his condition turns out to ...
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1answer
401 views

Scott topology, but for graphs

Hi, Would it be possible to define an order theoretic topology on graphs? I am thinking about the scott topology. There would be an associated continuous map on graphs.
5
votes
1answer
287 views

Orthogonal Complements of Root Lattices in E_8

I have a rather stupid lattice theory question. Suppose $L$ is a root lattice that can be primitively embedded in the $ E_8 $ lattice. Is the orthogonal complement of $ L$ in $E_8$ unique up to ...
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1answer
543 views

Neron-Severi Lattice of Elliptic K3

I'm trying to compute Neron-Severi lattices of some K3 surfaces. They have elliptic fibrations with multiple sections. Setting one section to be the identity section, I can write down a Weierstrass ...
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2answers
480 views

Lattice generators

I hope this question isn't trivial. Let $L$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{C}$ generated by two complex numbers $w_1,w_2$ which are linearly independent over $\mathbb{R}$. Let $\gamma\in\mathbb{C}$ be a ...
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1answer
701 views

Codes, lattices, vertex operator algebras

At the end of "Notes on Chapter 1" in the Preface to the Third Edition of Sphere packings, lattices and groups, Conway and Sloane write the following: Finally, we cannot resist calling attention ...
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174 views

Ordering labellings of a fixed poset.

Let $\{A_1,\ldots, A_m\}$ be a family of sets and $I=\{1, \ldots, m\}$. Assume for any $J\subset I$, $B_J=\bigcap_{i\in J}A_j$ satisfies $1\leq |B_J| \leq m-1$ as long as $|J|>1$. We define a ...
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1answer
337 views

Integrating the multinomial over a hypercube

I have come across an integral of the form $$\int_{b}^{a}\cdots\int_{b}^{a} \left( \sum_{i=1}^{n}x_i\right)^mdx_1d x_2\dots dx_n.$$ I have a solution that makes use of the partition function, but I ...
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1answer
472 views

Even lattices and binary codes

I have a maybe simple question about even positive-definite lattices and lattices coming from binary codes. They seemed to be used in framed vertex operator algebras. What is known about even ...
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2answers
1k views

How is the Ising model an example of a lattice model as per Kontsevich?

In section 3.2 of Kontsevich's very interesting paper "Notes on motives in finite characteristic,", he gives an axiomatic definition of a "lattice model" attached to a Boltzmann datum (V_1,V_2,R), ...
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2answers
517 views

diameter of Voronoi cell of the lattice ? What about R^n ? What about small n =2,3,4 ?What about random lattice ?

Consider a lattice in R^n. Consider Voronoi cell of it. What is known about diameter ? About the shape ? What are good references ? As far as I understand they are not easy to compute. May be in ...
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2answers
525 views

What groups have a second maximal subgroup below exactly four maximal subgroups?

I am looking for a finite group $G$ with the following property: there is a (core-free) subgroup $H < G$ such that the interval $\{ K : H < K < G\}$ in Sub[$G$] contains exactly four maximal ...
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2answers
177 views

how to find vertex of parallelotope closest to given point P in R^n ? (Or minimize quadratic form over {+-1}) Is it NP ?

Consider a parallelotope in R^n and some point "P" in R^n. What algorithms (except of brute force) can be suggested to find the closest vertex of paralleloptope to "P" ? Is it NP ? Parallelotope ...
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158 views

How to find closest point to restricted lattice on the plane ? ( m*h1 + n*h2, for 0<m,n<N)

Consider finite piece of lattice i.e. points of the form m*h1 + n*h2, for 0<m,n<N h1, h2 -some vectors. Consider some point "P" on the plane. How to find ...
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2answers
529 views

Geometric interpretation of distributivity

I'm studying distributivity in the lattice theory, consequently, I'm after any ideas that might help to develop some intuition. In elementary school level algebra, distributivity property ...
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6answers
555 views

Which finite nonabelian groups have long chains of subgroups as intervals in their subgroup lattice?

Given N, what is a finite non-abelian (and preferably non-solvable) group G in whose subgroup lattice Sub[G] there is an interval that is a chain of length at least N? Since N can be arbitrarily ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Closest vector problem (=nearest lattice point) is trivial for “reduced lattice” ?

Consider some lattice in R^n. Take some point "P" in R^n (which does not belong to this lattice in general). The problem is to find "nearest" lattice point. The problem is known NP-hard in general it ...
9
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1answer
475 views

Niemeier lattices and theta functions

I have an extremely elementary question. Let's say someone randomly hands you a theta function associated to a Niemeier lattice (unimodular even, n=24). What can you say about which Niemeier lattice ...
3
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1answer
260 views

How “often” does LLL-reduction produce “optimal” result ? Is there condition (or informal understanding) on lattice that it LLL is optimal ?

Consider some lattice in R^4 (C^4) or C^8. Famous "lattice reduction" procedures (like LLL latice reduction) produces some "reduced basis". However in general there results are not "the best ...
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519 views

Lattice reduction in R^3 (R^4) or what is fundamental domain for SL(3,Z) , (SL(4,Z)) ?

Consider a lattice in R^3. Is the some "canonical" way or ways to choose basis in it ? I mean in R^2 we can choose a basis |h_1| < |h_2| and |(h_2, h_1)| < 1/2 |h_1|. Considering lattices with ...
7
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2answers
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How to find nearest lattice point to given point in R^n ? Is it NP ?

Consider some lattice in R^n. Take some point "P" in R^n (which does not belong to this lattice in general). What are the algorithms to find some nearest lattice point to "P" ? "Nearest" - means in ...
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2answers
300 views

compact elements and continuous functors

Hi, I am interested in abstracting the Scott topology from Domains to Categories. One can find a definition of a continuous functor which is just such an abstraction: A functor F:C→D is continuous ...
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2answers
458 views

Dense sphere packings which are not lattice packings

This question is about dense sphere packings in euclidean space $\mathbb R^n$. By a sphere packing I understand any arrangement of mutually disjoint solid open spheres in $\mathbb R^n$, all of the ...
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133 views

Bogus(?) proof for equivalence of normal and dual distributivity conditions in lattices

I am attempting to prove the equivalence of the following two definitions of distributive lattices: $(a \lor b) \land c = (a \land c) \lor (b \land c)$ $(a \land b) \lor c = (a \lor c) \land (b \lor ...
4
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1answer
243 views

Turing Machine which generates order on the set of its states

This question is related to this one Do Turing Machines generates any nontrivial lattice on the set o symbols or states? The Turing machine (TM) is an abstract model for effective implementation of ...
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Listing lattice points in a simplex

Let $n \in \mathbf{Z}_{\geq 1}$. Is there an algorithm which, given a simplex $\Delta \subset \mathbf{R}^n$ specified as the convex hull of $v_0,\dots,v_n \in \mathbf{Z}^n$, computes the set $\Delta ...
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1answer
212 views

Do Turing Machines generates any nontrivial lattice on the set o symbols or states?

Second question, probably better: Turing Machine which generates order on the set of its states I would like to ask ( if it is not terribly obviously wrong): Do Turing Machine generates ...
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171 views

what is bottom in a dcpo of groups

Hi, Given a dcpo of finitely presented groups, I wanted to say that the free group is bottom, but I don't think that is right. Can anyone say what is a typical bottom in a dcpo of groups? ...
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1answer
241 views

Distributive lattices arising from a collection of sets closed under intersection.

Hello everyone, It's well known that every collection of subsets of a set X which is closed both under intersection and reunion is also a distributive lattice (the order relation being sets inclusion ...
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212 views

Domination in Nice Lattices

Let an integer vector be nice when it has only two nonzero components, which sum to zero. So (0, 0, 3, 0, -3) and (-1, 0, 1, 0, 0) are examples of nice vectors in $n=5$ dimensions. Call a lattice ...
4
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3answers
818 views

Lattices: why require bilinear form to be integral?

This is a quite localized question, but I hope it won't be closed as unfit to MO. Well, a lattice $\Lambda$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is a discrete subgroup generated by a basis. Such a lattice gets a ...
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352 views

Semilattices with n elements

How many n-element semilattices there are? For example, for n-element partially ordered set we can figured out, that there are $2^{n*(n-1)}$ possible sets. And can I find all possible n-element ...
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572 views

additive functions on a lattice

Given a lattice $L$. Can one classify all functions $f:L\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, that satisfy $f(a \wedge b)+f(a\vee b) = f(a)+f(b)$. Some examples are the the set of all finite subsets of a given ...
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3answers
641 views

Localic locales? Towards very pointless spaces by iterated internalization.

One can think of locales as (generalizations of) topological spaces which don't necessary have (enough) points. Of course when one studies locales, one "actually" studies frames, certain sorts of ...
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4answers
604 views

Angles in an integral lattice

Let $d\geq 1$ be a fixed integer, and $\mathbb{Z}^d$ be the lattice of all integers; consider the set $A_d \subset [-1,1]$ defined by $$ \alpha \in A_d \ \iff \ \alpha=\frac{v \cdot w}{\|v\| \|w\|} ...
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Can lattice join be an element of residuated pair?

Given a classic (not Residuated) lattice, with standard definition of partial order via lattice join and meet operations, is it possible to satisfy Galois equivalence ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Sublattices of Young's Lattice

Young's Lattice is the lattice of inclusions of Young tableaux, or integer partitions. In R. Stanley's Enumerative Combinatorics Vol. 1, Proposition 1.4.4., there is a generalization of integer ...
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1answer
363 views

Does “antichain” mean something different in set-forcing than in lattice theory?

On page 3 of Introduction to Lattices and Order, Davey and Priestley define an antichain in a poset $\langle P,\leq\rangle$ as a set of pairwise incomparable elements: The ordered set P is an ...
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389 views

Complex Lorentzian Leech Lattice and the Bimonster [closed]

I'm reading an excellent paper on the complex Lorentzian Leech Lattice and the bimonster (Tathagata Basak). Instead of using the binary Golay Code, the author uses the ternary Golay code and the ...
7
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1answer
629 views

Lattice-ordered commutative monoids

By a lattice-ordered monoid, I mean a structure $(A,0,{+},{\vee},{\wedge})$ such that $(A,0,{+})$ is a (not necessarily commutative) monoid, $(A,{\vee},{\wedge})$ is a lattice, and the two ...