Lattices as they are used in number theory. (Not to be confused with lattice theory or lattices as used in physics!)

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10
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1k views

The Gauss circle problem on a hexagonal lattice

Take an infinite hexagonal lattice (or equivalently, an equilateral triangular lattice), with unit spacing between the closest lattice point pairs, and draw a disc of radius $r$ centered on a lattice ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Is the complete lattice of inflators on a frame a frame?

Yup, it may sound like an inocent question to many of you; but a very good friend of mine is completely baffled in his research about lattices of inflators on a frame. He asked me very kindly to post ...
3
votes
0answers
143 views

references for properties/examples of breadth in (semi)lattices

This is in some sense following up on my earlier question and the answer given by NN. I am currently revising the paper which used the condition mentioned in my question. It was pointed out in NN's ...
4
votes
1answer
281 views

Invariant lattice of algebraic surface.

Given an algebraic surface $S$ with action of a finite group $G$. Is it true that the invariant lattice $H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})^G$ is generated by elements pulled back from the $H^2(X/G,\mathbb{Z})$ (or $H^...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Covering a $d$-dimensional integer lattice by repeating a minimal set of deterministic moves

Imagine I place a turtle on some desired vertex, $v_i$, of a bounded $d$-dimensional integer lattice, $Z^d$, with dimensions $(l_1, ..., l_d)$. The turtle is able to travel from vertex to vertex ...
1
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0answers
132 views

How many more join-irreducibles can there be in a sub join-semilattice of a finite lattice?

Let $L$ be a finite lattice. Then $L$ is generated by its join-irreducible elements $J(L)$ or alternatively its meet-irreducible elements $M(L)$. If $S \subseteq L$ is a sub join-semilattice then $|M(...
7
votes
1answer
199 views

Restricting representations to lattices

Let $V$ be a finite-dimensional irreducible representation of the Lie group $\text{SL}_n(\mathbb{R})$. Must $V$ remain irreducible when you restrict the action to $\text{SL}_n(\mathbb{Z})$? More ...
1
vote
1answer
313 views

The probability a self-avoiding random walk (SAW) on a rectangular or hexagonal lattice takes more than $N$ steps before trapping itself

What is the probability that a self-avoiding random walk (SAW) on a rectangular or hexagonal lattice is able to take more than $N$ steps, i.e. able to take more than $N$ steps before trapping itself ...
0
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0answers
147 views

$T^2$-fibered K3 surface with involution

Let $S$ be a K3 surface and $f:S\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ a $T^2$-fibration (not necessarily holomorphic, I have a special Langrangian fibration in mind). Assume there is a $k$-section, then a fiber ...
2
votes
0answers
342 views

Singular fibers of an elliptic fibered K3 surface.

Let $f:S\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ be an elliptic K3 surface. Assume that $\mathrm{Pic}(S)\cong U$, where $U$ stands for the hyperbolic lattice. I think that the elliptic fibration has only singular ...
5
votes
0answers
845 views

On “The Average Height of Planted Plane Trees” by Knuth, de Bruijn and Rice (1972)

I am trying to derive the classic paper in the title only by elementary means (no generating functions, no complex analysis, no Fourier analysis) although with much less precision. In short, I "only" ...
3
votes
0answers
186 views

Automorphisms of Torsion Quadratic Forms

Let $L$ be an $n$-dimensional lattice with an integer valued quadratic form $q$. Fix a basis $e_i$ for $L$ and let $K_{ij} = \langle e_i, e_j \rangle$, where $\langle x,y \rangle = q(x+y) - q(x) - q(...
4
votes
2answers
277 views

Cancellation theorem for lattices

By a lattice, we mean a finitely generated, free $\mathbb{Z}$-module together with a symmetric bilinear form. Typical examples are the hyperbolic lattices $U$ and the root lattices $A_{n}, D_{n}, E_{n}...
14
votes
2answers
627 views

Maximal number of maximal subgroups

Let $G$ be a finite group. I want to find an upper bound on the number of the maximal subgroups. My questions is does it possible to prove that the number of maximal subgroups of any finite group $G$ ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Basis of a group

Let $G$ be a finite group. I will say that a set of a subgroups $H_1,\ldots ,H_k$ defines a basis for a group $G$ if any subgroup $H$ of $G$ there exists $S\subset [k]$ such that $H=\cap_{i\in S}H_i$....
2
votes
2answers
261 views

Involution of $E_{8}$ lattice

Let $L$ be a lattice associate to the Dykin matrix of type $E_{8}$. I would like to understand involutions of $L$ and their invariant $L^{+}$ and coinvariant lattice $L^-$ (I think they are isomorphic)...
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0answers
88 views

can minimal volume rational subspaces in a lattice be arbitrarily 'close'.

Let $\Gamma$ be a cocompact lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$, eg. $\Gamma = A \mathbb{Z}^n$ for some $A \in SL_n \mathbb{R}$. Then any $k$-dimensional subspace $P$ which is rational in $\Gamma$ has a volume: ...
4
votes
1answer
265 views

Reference for subsemigroups of $\mathbb{N}^n$

A well known result about the natural numbers $\mathbb{N}$ says that for any finite subset $A \subset \mathbb{N}$ there exists $R \ge 0$ such that if $n$ is in the subgroup of $\mathbb{Z}$ generated ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Expected number of identical vertex pairs with the same Euclidean distance on a randomly colored rectangular lattice

Imagine I have an $N$ by $M$ rectangular lattice where I randomly assign one of $k$ colors to every vertex in the lattice. I then write down a list of the ${N*M}\choose{2}$ possible unordered pairs ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

Finite subgroups (lattices) in the large N limit of SU(N)

I would like to gain some information about the discrete subgroups (lattices) of SU(N) Lie groups. I have already read some answers and references concerning the N=3 and N=4 cases. I am more ...
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0answers
131 views

Comparing the volume of a rational lagrangian under a linear symplectomorphism.

Let's fix the standard symplectic structure $(\mathbb{R}^{2g}, \omega, J)$. A (marked) symplectic lattice then has the form $A\mathbb{Z}^{2g}$ for $A \in Sp_{2g}\mathbb{R}$. We say a vector subspace $...
8
votes
2answers
430 views

Lattices in $SL(n,\mathbb R)$

If $\Gamma\subseteq SL(n,\mathbb{R})$ is a lattice (i.e. discrete and finite covolume), does $\Gamma$ necessarily contain some $\mathbb{R}$-diagonalizable copy of $\mathbb{Z}^{n-1}$? I know that the ...
16
votes
4answers
512 views

The latice spanned by $m$ random 0-1 vectors of length $n$

Consider $m$ random 0-1 vectors of length $n$. Let $L$ be the lattice spanned by them. What is the value of $m$ (as a function of $n$) for which it is true with positive probability that $L=Z^n$? More ...
3
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0answers
91 views

Versions of Helly's Theorem for Unbounded Parallelpipeds

I'm studying Frobenius splitting of toric varieties based on Sam Payne's characterization of Frobenius splitting ("Frobenius splittings of toric varieties" (2008)) and I came across a sort of Helly's ...
17
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1answer
597 views

Is the ball reducible in some high dimension?

Let $K$ be a bounded symmetric ($-K=K$) open convex body in $\mathbb R^n$. The critical determinant $d(K)$ of $K$ is the least possible volume $|\operatorname{det}(a_1\dots a_n)|$ of the fundamental ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Lorentz quotient and orientation

$$ U \; = \; \left( \begin{array}{cc} 0 & 1 \\\ 1 & 0 \end{array} \right) , $$ Given a real oriented vector space $V$ with inner product, form Lorentzian $L = V \oplus U....
5
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0answers
173 views

Effect of Covering Radius on Shortest Vector

For "even" integral lattices in dimension at least 4, does a covering radius strictly less than $\sqrt 2$ imply that there is a vector of norm 2, also called a root? Note that this is simply false in ...
4
votes
3answers
608 views

Product-Decomposition of distributive lattices

EDIT I now (strongly) believe that the following claim answers my question (see the text below). However, if it does, then I am sure that it is known. It is not difficult to prove and the question ...
5
votes
3answers
671 views

Matrices generating non-discrete subgroups of SL(2,R)

Jorgensen's inequality $\mid \left(Tr\left(A\right)\right)^2-4\mid+\mid Tr\left[A,B\right]-2\mid\ge 1$ gives a necessary condition for two matrices A,B to generate a discrete subgroup of SL(2,R). Are ...
4
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0answers
133 views

Commutative quantale (Q,+) with a binary operation distributing over +

Context: In Flagg's "Quantales and continuity spaces" the notion of a continuity spaces enriched in a certain quantale is introduced. Abstracting from the set $[0,\infty]$ the essential properties ...
0
votes
1answer
152 views

dither in Leech lattice quantization!

Hi, Can you please help me how to generate a dither signal $\mathbf{U}$, where $\mathbf{U}$ is a random vector of length 24 that is uniformly distributed over the voronoi region of the Leech lattice. ...
2
votes
1answer
365 views

When are the join-irreducibles in a complete lattice join-dense?

A subset $A$ of a complete lattice $L$ is said to be join-dense if $L=\{\bigvee R|R\subseteq A\}$. An element $a\in L$ is said to be join-irreducible if $a\neq 0$ and if $a=x\vee y$ then $a=x$ or $a=y$...
4
votes
1answer
362 views

Linear symmetric spaces are spaces with ''orthogonal complements''?

The collection of marked unimodular lattices in the euclidean $n$-space corresponds to the symmetric space $S_n:=SO_n(\mathbb{R}) \backslash SL_n(\mathbb{R})$. I have only recently been made aware ...
7
votes
1answer
419 views

Octonionic reflection groups

Consider Leech lattice definition provided by Wilson (Octonions and Leech lattice, 2008). There are 819 E8 sublattices defined by $ (2\lambda, 0, 0); $ $ (\lambda \overline{s}, (\lambda \...
3
votes
2answers
308 views

Inner product spaces, Siegel's theorem and lattices: book suggestion

Background: I am a theoretical computer scientist (PhD candidate) and have done graduate level courses in Algebra. I want to understand the following theorem from the book "Symmetric Bilinear Forms" ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

Spanning set for Lattice generated by an orbit of the group.

For a vector spaces it always holds that any set of vectors spanning vector space $V$ has a subset of vectors which is a basis for $V$. While for lattices it is not true. For example consider one ...
6
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0answers
488 views

What is the structure of a space of $\sigma$-algebras?

Let $X$ be a compact metric space, and consider the Banach space $\Omega = C(X,\mathbb R)$ of continuous, real-valued functions on $X$, equipped with the supremum norm. Let $\delta_x \in \Omega^*$ be ...
1
vote
2answers
404 views

Topology on Set of Prime Filters of a Distributive Lattice

Given a distributive lattice $A$ we can look at $Spec(A)$, whose points are prime ideals and its open sets are given similarly to the Zariski topology on Spec of a ring. That is, the basis of open ...
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vote
2answers
240 views

Relationship of Bousfield Classes of Morava K-theories

Suppose we have $\langle K(n)\rangle$ and $\langle K(n-1) \rangle$ for some fixed prime $p$. do we know whether or not $\langle K(n) \rangle \geq \langle K(n-1) \rangle$ or $\langle K(n-1) \rangle \...
1
vote
3answers
384 views

Triangulations of lattice polygons

Let L be a 2-dimensional lattice and P- a lattice polygon. Suppose, it is triangulated into lattice tiangles. What are restrictions on their areas? For instance, can a lattice triangle of even area ...
2
votes
1answer
284 views

Name of a lattice-property

Assume that we have a complete lattice $(L,\leq)$. I would like to know whether the following property has a specific name and whether lattices with this property have been studied somewhere: For ...
2
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0answers
218 views

Hurwitz integers and $F_4$

The Hurwitz integers are $$ \mathcal H= \{a+bi+cj+dk:a,b,c,d\in\mathbb Z\;\text{ or } \;a,b,c,d\in \tfrac12+\mathbb Z\}. $$ I want to know if there is a formula, for $m\in\mathbb Z$, for the number ...
2
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0answers
305 views

Constructing the Stone Space of a Distributive Lattice

Does anyone have a good reference for the method of giving a topology to a distributive lattice as outlined in M.H. Stone's "Topological representation of distributive lattices and Brouwerian logics"? ...
9
votes
1answer
812 views

Reference request: Ehrhart's conjecture on the geometry of numbers

Conjecture (Ehrhart). If a convex body $K \subset {\mathbb R}^n$ has its barycenter at the origin and contains no other point with integer coordinates, the volume of $K$ is less than or equal to $(n +...
9
votes
2answers
609 views

Ellipsoids and lattices: an enclosure problem.

$E \subset {\mathbb R}^2$ is an ellipse of area $1$ centered at the origin that contains no other point with integer coordinates. Is there a matrix $A \in SL(2,{\mathbb Z})$ such that the ellipse $A(E)...
0
votes
1answer
359 views

Finding lattice with short basis-vectors containing given lattice

Hello While working on understanding the space spanned by certain integer relations of real numbers I have come across the following problem. Given $v_1,\dots, v_n \in \mathbb{Z}^m$ I am would like ...
20
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0answers
802 views

Given a lattice L with n elements, are there finite groups H < G such that L $\cong$ the lattice of subgroups between H and G?

If there is no restriction on $n$, this is a famous open problem. I'm wondering if any recent work has been done for small $n>6$. I believe the question is answered (positively) for $n=6$ by ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

Is the cardinality of occuring torsion subgroups in cofinite lattices in SL(2,R) bounded?

Let $\Gamma$ be a cofinite lattice in $PSL(2,\mathbb{R})$ with torsion subgroup $H$. Is the a uniform bound on the cardinality of $H$?
0
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0answers
103 views

Question regarding contiguous forms

I read about contiguous forms in Achill Scürmann's thesis on positive quadratic forms. I am wondering about one aspect of the Voronoi algorithm presented in there, that enumerates all arithmetically ...
1
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1answer
375 views

Complete De Morgan algebra

Recall that an algebra $(A,\sim)$ is a De Morgan algebra if $A$ is a bounded distributive lattice and $\sim$ is a unary operation which satisfies: ${\sim} (x\vee y)={\sim} x\wedge {\sim} y$ and ${\...