Lattices as they are used in number theory. (Not to be confused with lattice theory or lattices as used in physics!)

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157 views

Involution of $E_{8}$ lattice

Let $L$ be a lattice associate to the Dykin matrix of type $E_{8}$. I would like to understand involutions of $L$ and their invariant $L^{+}$ and coinvariant lattice $L^-$ (I think they are ...
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78 views

can minimal volume rational subspaces in a lattice be arbitrarily 'close'.

Let $\Gamma$ be a cocompact lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$, eg. $\Gamma = A \mathbb{Z}^n$ for some $A \in SL_n \mathbb{R}$. Then any $k$-dimensional subspace $P$ which is rational in $\Gamma$ has a volume: ...
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1answer
243 views

Reference for subsemigroups of $\mathbb{N}^n$

A well known result about the natural numbers $\mathbb{N}$ says that for any finite subset $A \subset \mathbb{N}$ there exists $R \ge 0$ such that if $n$ is in the subgroup of $\mathbb{Z}$ generated ...
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1answer
185 views

Expected number of identical vertex pairs with the same Euclidean distance on a randomly colored rectangular lattice

Imagine I have an $N$ by $M$ rectangular lattice where I randomly assign one of $k$ colors to every vertex in the lattice. I then write down a list of the ${N*M}\choose{2}$ possible unordered pairs ...
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95 views

Finite subgroups (lattices) in the large N limit of SU(N)

I would like to gain some information about the discrete subgroups (lattices) of SU(N) Lie groups. I have already read some answers and references concerning the N=3 and N=4 cases. I am more ...
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125 views

Comparing the volume of a rational lagrangian under a linear symplectomorphism.

Let's fix the standard symplectic structure $(\mathbb{R}^{2g}, \omega, J)$. A (marked) symplectic lattice then has the form $A\mathbb{Z}^{2g}$ for $A \in Sp_{2g}\mathbb{R}$. We say a vector subspace ...
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2answers
373 views

Lattices in $SL(n,\mathbb R)$

If $\Gamma\subseteq SL(n,\mathbb{R})$ is a lattice (i.e. discrete and finite covolume), does $\Gamma$ necessarily contain some $\mathbb{R}$-diagonalizable copy of $\mathbb{Z}^{n-1}$? I know that the ...
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4answers
485 views

The latice spanned by $m$ random 0-1 vectors of length $n$

Consider $m$ random 0-1 vectors of length $n$. Let $L$ be the lattice spanned by them. What is the value of $m$ (as a function of $n$) for which it is true with positive probability that $L=Z^n$? More ...
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85 views

Versions of Helly's Theorem for Unbounded Parallelpipeds

I'm studying Frobenius splitting of toric varieties based on Sam Payne's characterization of Frobenius splitting ("Frobenius splittings of toric varieties" (2008)) and I came across a sort of Helly's ...
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1answer
552 views

Is the ball reducible in some high dimension?

Let $K$ be a bounded symmetric ($-K=K$) open convex body in $\mathbb R^n$. The critical determinant $d(K)$ of $K$ is the least possible volume $|\operatorname{det}(a_1\dots a_n)|$ of the fundamental ...
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1answer
96 views

Lorentz quotient and orientation

$$ U \; = \; \left( \begin{array}{cc} 0 & 1 \\\ 1 & 0 \end{array} \right) , $$ Given a real oriented vector space $V$ with inner product, form Lorentzian $L = V \oplus ...
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159 views

Effect of Covering Radius on Shortest Vector

For "even" integral lattices in dimension at least 4, does a covering radius strictly less than $\sqrt 2$ imply that there is a vector of norm 2, also called a root? Note that this is simply false in ...
4
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2answers
394 views

Product-Decomposition of distributive lattices

EDIT I now (strongly) believe that the following claim answers my question (see the text below). However, if it does, then I am sure that it is known. It is not difficult to prove and the question ...
5
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3answers
423 views

Matrices generating non-discrete subgroups of SL(2,R)

Jorgensen's inequality $\mid \left(Tr\left(A\right)\right)^2-4\mid+\mid Tr\left[A,B\right]-2\mid\ge 1$ gives a necessary condition for two matrices A,B to generate a discrete subgroup of SL(2,R). Are ...
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116 views

Commutative quantale (Q,+) with a binary operation distributing over +

Context: In Flagg's "Quantales and continuity spaces" the notion of a continuity spaces enriched in a certain quantale is introduced. Abstracting from the set $[0,\infty]$ the essential properties ...
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1answer
140 views

dither in Leech lattice quantization!

Hi, Can you please help me how to generate a dither signal $\mathbf{U}$, where $\mathbf{U}$ is a random vector of length 24 that is uniformly distributed over the voronoi region of the Leech lattice. ...
2
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1answer
284 views

When are the join-irreducibles in a complete lattice join-dense?

A subset $A$ of a complete lattice $L$ is said to be join-dense if $L=\{\bigvee R|R\subseteq A\}$. An element $a\in L$ is said to be join-irreducible if $a\neq 0$ and if $a=x\vee y$ then $a=x$ or ...
4
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1answer
346 views

Linear symmetric spaces are spaces with ''orthogonal complements''?

The collection of marked unimodular lattices in the euclidean $n$-space corresponds to the symmetric space $S_n:=SO_n(\mathbb{R}) \backslash SL_n(\mathbb{R})$. I have only recently been made aware ...
7
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1answer
369 views

Octonionic reflection groups

Consider Leech lattice definition provided by Wilson (Octonions and Leech lattice, 2008). There are 819 E8 sublattices defined by $ (2\lambda, 0, 0); $ $ (\lambda \overline{s}, (\lambda ...
3
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2answers
266 views

Inner product spaces, Siegel's theorem and lattices: book suggestion

Background: I am a theoretical computer scientist (PhD candidate) and have done graduate level courses in Algebra. I want to understand the following theorem from the book "Symmetric Bilinear Forms" ...
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1answer
193 views

Spanning set for Lattice generated by an orbit of the group.

For a vector spaces it always holds that any set of vectors spanning vector space $V$ has a subset of vectors which is a basis for $V$. While for lattices it is not true. For example consider one ...
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373 views

What is the structure of a space of $\sigma$-algebras?

Let $X$ be a compact metric space, and consider the Banach space $\Omega = C(X,\mathbb R)$ of continuous, real-valued functions on $X$, equipped with the supremum norm. Let $\delta_x \in \Omega^*$ be ...
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2answers
321 views

Topology on Set of Prime Filters of a Distributive Lattice

Given a distributive lattice $A$ we can look at $Spec(A)$, whose points are prime ideals and its open sets are given similarly to the Zariski topology on Spec of a ring. That is, the basis of open ...
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2answers
227 views

Relationship of Bousfield Classes of Morava K-theories

Suppose we have $\langle K(n)\rangle$ and $\langle K(n-1) \rangle$ for some fixed prime $p$. do we know whether or not $\langle K(n) \rangle \geq \langle K(n-1) \rangle$ or $\langle K(n-1) \rangle ...
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3answers
353 views

Triangulations of lattice polygons

Let L be a 2-dimensional lattice and P- a lattice polygon. Suppose, it is triangulated into lattice tiangles. What are restrictions on their areas? For instance, can a lattice triangle of even area ...
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1answer
279 views

Name of a lattice-property

Assume that we have a complete lattice $(L,\leq)$. I would like to know whether the following property has a specific name and whether lattices with this property have been studied somewhere: For ...
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212 views

Hurwitz integers and $F_4$

The Hurwitz integers are $$ \mathcal H= \{a+bi+cj+dk:a,b,c,d\in\mathbb Z\;\text{ or } \;a,b,c,d\in \tfrac12+\mathbb Z\}. $$ I want to know if there is a formula, for $m\in\mathbb Z$, for the number ...
2
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0answers
277 views

Constructing the Stone Space of a Distributive Lattice

Does anyone have a good reference for the method of giving a topology to a distributive lattice as outlined in M.H. Stone's "Topological representation of distributive lattices and Brouwerian logics"? ...
9
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1answer
742 views

Reference request: Ehrhart's conjecture on the geometry of numbers

Conjecture (Ehrhart). If a convex body $K \subset {\mathbb R}^n$ has its barycenter at the origin and contains no other point with integer coordinates, the volume of $K$ is less than or equal to $(n ...
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2answers
564 views

Ellipsoids and lattices: an enclosure problem.

$E \subset {\mathbb R}^2$ is an ellipse of area $1$ centered at the origin that contains no other point with integer coordinates. Is there a matrix $A \in SL(2,{\mathbb Z})$ such that the ellipse ...
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1answer
289 views

Finding lattice with short basis-vectors containing given lattice

Hello While working on understanding the space spanned by certain integer relations of real numbers I have come across the following problem. Given $v_1,\dots, v_n \in \mathbb{Z}^m$ I am would like ...
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680 views

Given a lattice L with n elements, are there finite groups H < G such that L $\cong$ the lattice of subgroups between H and G?

If there is no restriction on $n$, this is a famous open problem. I'm wondering if any recent work has been done for small $n>6$. I believe the question is answered (positively) for $n=6$ by ...
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1answer
124 views

Is the cardinality of occuring torsion subgroups in cofinite lattices in SL(2,R) bounded?

Let $\Gamma$ be a cofinite lattice in $PSL(2,\mathbb{R})$ with torsion subgroup $H$. Is the a uniform bound on the cardinality of $H$?
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100 views

Question regarding contiguous forms

I read about contiguous forms in Achill Scürmann's thesis on positive quadratic forms. I am wondering about one aspect of the Voronoi algorithm presented in there, that enumerates all arithmetically ...
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1answer
313 views

Complete De Morgan algebra

Recall that an algebra $(A,\sim)$ is a De Morgan algebra if $A$ is a bounded distributive lattice and $\sim$ is a unary operation which satisfies: ${\sim} (x\vee y)={\sim} x\wedge {\sim} y$ and ...
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178 views

Implementation of the bounded-distance decoder of Leech-lattice?

Hi all, I am wondering, anybody can help me how can I find an implemented version of Leech-Lattice quantizer/decoder, i.e., "Matlab", "C++" or "Python" code, using the approach proposed by Ofer ...
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1answer
553 views

Lovász $\delta$ condition for LLL Algorithm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenstra%E2%80%93Lenstra%E2%80%93Lov%C3%A1sz_lattice_basis_reduction_algorithm What is the importance of the $\delta$ parameter for LLL bases called Lovász condition? ...
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1answer
333 views

Extending a complete lattice to get a “nice” Boolean lattice

Suppose we have a complete lattice. Which additional axioms (e.g. distributivity axioms) are needed to obtain a Boolean lattice in which complement(a) = lub{b | b /\ a = bottom} = glb{b | b / a = ...
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1answer
238 views

Is there existing terminology for this technical condition on semilattices?

Given a semilattice $S$, a subset $E$, and a positive integer $n$, let $E^{[n]}$ be the set of all products of $n$-tuples in $E$. Thus $\bigcup_{n\geq 1} E^{[n]}$ is nothing but the subsemigroup of ...
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141 views

bounds for the covering radius (or diameter of the Voronoi cell) of a lattice coming from a number field

Let $K$ be a number field and $O$ an order in $K$. Denote the real embeddings of $K$ by $\sigma_1,\dots,\sigma_s$ and the non-real complex embeddings of $K$ by ...
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2answers
211 views

About lattice $\pmod q$

For any matrix $A \in Z^{n\times m}$, Let $$\wedge_q(A)=\{ y\in Z^m:\exists s\in Z^n, s.t. y=A^ts (\mod q) \},$$ $$\wedge_q^\bot(A)=\{x\in Z^m: Ax=0 (\mod q)\}.$$ There is a result stating that ...
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205 views

Simultaneous diophantine approximation with polynomial bound

For a given number $\alpha$ continued fractions expansion $(p_n, q_n)$ of $\alpha$ has the remarkable property that not only $|\alpha - \frac{p_n}{q_n}| < \frac{1}{q_n^2}$, but the converse holds - ...
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3answers
484 views

Genus and Spinor genus of a lattice

Hi, I'm looking for a motivation for the names genus and spinor genus of a lattice (and spinor norm of an isometry). Is there any relation between the genus of a lattice and the genus of an algebraic ...
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1answer
420 views

Finding Generators of O( Z^3,x^2 + xy + y^2 - z^2) and integer solutions

All pythagorean triples can be generated from $(3,4,5)^T$ and $(5,4,3)^T$ by the matrices: \[ A = \left(\begin{array}{ccc} -1 & 2 & 2 \\\\ -2 & 1 & 2 \\\\-2 & 2 & 3 ...
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138 views

Minimally 6-connected 3D discrete lines that are convex lattice sets

There are several definitions of 3D discrete lines, e.g. http://diwww.epfl.ch/w3lsp/publications/discretegeo/nratddl.html , http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-19867-0_4 . However, I know of none that ...
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248 views

Pointwise bounds for Dirichlet kernel over truncated lattice

In 1 dimension, a "one-sided" Dirichlet kernel $D_N(x)=\sum_{k=0}^{k=N}e^{\frac{2\pi}{N}ikx}$ has its module sharply peaked around points corresponding, roughly, to the "dual lattice" ...
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192 views

Upper bound on the number of shortest vectors in a lattice

Given a Lattice $L$ (e.g. by its Gram-Matrix or via a basis) I would like to know whether there is an upper bound on the number of shortest vectors in $L$. Available information on $L$ includes ...
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2answers
517 views

Maximal number of edges and triangular cells for n points in a triangular lattice

Consider a subset of $n$ points in an equilateral triangular lattice. Draw all the edges between nearest-neighbor points. What is the maximum, over all such subsets, of the number of edges? This ...
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1answer
208 views

Representing integer points inside a polytope using a unit hypercube

Let $D\subset\mathbb{Z}\times\mathbb{Z}$ such that $D$ is formed by the points bounded by a convex polytope. Let $f:D\to\mathbb{R}$ defined by $f(x,y)=ax+by+c$, where $a,b,c\in\mathbb{R}$ and ...
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2answers
517 views

Lattices in SOL

Consider a semi-direct product $\mathbb{Z}^2\rtimes_A\mathbb{Z}$, where $A\in SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ and $|Tr(A)|>2$. It is clear that it is isomorphic to a lattice in the 3-dimensional solvable Lie ...