Lattices as they are used in number theory. (Not to be confused with lattice theory or lattices as used in physics!)

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2
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2answers
265 views

Lattice reduction on an orthonormal lattice?

Suppose you are given an inner product on a vector space and given a set of linearly independent vectors, and that you have been promised that the lattice they span has an orthonormal basis. Can you ...
6
votes
2answers
347 views

Measuring how far from being cocompact a lattice is

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and $\Gamma$ a lattice (=discrete subgroup of $G$ such that $G/\Gamma$ carries a probability measure $\mu$ that is invariant under the action of $G$ by ...
11
votes
1answer
285 views

Defining measures over frames in place of $\sigma$-algebras

Normally, measures and probability spaces are defined over $\sigma$-algebras. I was wondering what would happen if one tries to define it over frames in place of $\sigma$-algebras? Specifically, ...
3
votes
1answer
536 views

Maximizing the number of lattice points in a circle of radius $r$ placed on a lattice

I have a circle of radius $r$, and I wish to place this circle of a $Z^2$ integer lattice or an $A_2$ hexagonal lattice s.t. I maximize the number of lattice points within or along the contour of the ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

An exact counting solution for the number of points within a circle of radius $r$ centered on a lattice point in a $A_2$ hexagonal lattice

In a previous question: (The Gauss circle problem on a hexagonal lattice) I asked for an analytic approximation for the number of lattice points in or along the contour of a circle centered on a ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

variant on ring objects in the category of complete lattices

Let $L$ be a complete lattice and denote its top and bottom elements by $0$ and $\infty$ respectively. Consider two binary operations $+$ and $\times$ defined on $L$ such that $(L^{op},+,0)$ is a ...
4
votes
1answer
231 views

Most orthogonal lattice basis

Let $n \in \mathbf{N}$ be a natural number and $v_1,\cdots,v_n$ a set of basis vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$. How does one find the matrix $g \in \mathbf{GL}_n(\mathbb{Z})$ orthogonalizing these best ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Is the complete lattice of inflators on a frame a frame?

Yup, it may sound like an inocent question to many of you; but a very good friend of mine is completely baffled in his research about lattices of inflators on a frame. He asked me very kindly to post ...
3
votes
0answers
128 views

references for properties/examples of breadth in (semi)lattices

This is in some sense following up on my earlier question and the answer given by NN. I am currently revising the paper which used the condition mentioned in my question. It was pointed out in NN's ...
4
votes
1answer
281 views

Invariant lattice of algebraic surface.

Given an algebraic surface $S$ with action of a finite group $G$. Is it true that the invariant lattice $H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})^G$ is generated by elements pulled back from the $H^2(X/G,\mathbb{Z})$ (or ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Covering a $d$-dimensional integer lattice by repeating a minimal set of deterministic moves

Imagine I place a turtle on some desired vertex, $v_i$, of a bounded $d$-dimensional integer lattice, $Z^d$, with dimensions $(l_1, ..., l_d)$. The turtle is able to travel from vertex to vertex ...
1
vote
0answers
125 views

How many more join-irreducibles can there be in a sub join-semilattice of a finite lattice?

Let $L$ be a finite lattice. Then $L$ is generated by its join-irreducible elements $J(L)$ or alternatively its meet-irreducible elements $M(L)$. If $S \subseteq L$ is a sub join-semilattice then ...
7
votes
1answer
195 views

Restricting representations to lattices

Let $V$ be a finite-dimensional irreducible representation of the Lie group $\text{SL}_n(\mathbb{R})$. Must $V$ remain irreducible when you restrict the action to $\text{SL}_n(\mathbb{Z})$? More ...
1
vote
1answer
285 views

The probability a self-avoiding random walk (SAW) on a rectangular or hexagonal lattice takes more than $N$ steps before trapping itself

What is the probability that a self-avoiding random walk (SAW) on a rectangular or hexagonal lattice is able to take more than $N$ steps, i.e. able to take more than $N$ steps before trapping itself ...
0
votes
0answers
143 views

$T^2$-fibered K3 surface with involution

Let $S$ be a K3 surface and $f:S\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ a $T^2$-fibration (not necessarily holomorphic, I have a special Langrangian fibration in mind). Assume there is a $k$-section, then a fiber ...
2
votes
0answers
284 views

Singular fibers of an elliptic fibered K3 surface.

Let $f:S\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ be an elliptic K3 surface. Assume that $\mathrm{Pic}(S)\cong U$, where $U$ stands for the hyperbolic lattice. I think that the elliptic fibration has only singular ...
5
votes
0answers
726 views

On “The Average Height of Planted Plane Trees” by Knuth, de Bruijn and Rice (1972)

I am trying to derive the classic paper in the title only by elementary means (no generating functions, no complex analysis, no Fourier analysis) although with much less precision. In short, I "only" ...
3
votes
0answers
163 views

Automorphisms of Torsion Quadratic Forms

Let $L$ be an $n$-dimensional lattice with an integer valued quadratic form $q$. Fix a basis $e_i$ for $L$ and let $K_{ij} = \langle e_i, e_j \rangle$, where $\langle x,y \rangle = q(x+y) - q(x) - ...
3
votes
2answers
268 views

Cancellation theorem for lattices

By a lattice, we mean a finitely generated, free $\mathbb{Z}$-module together with a symmetric bilinear form. Typical examples are the hyperbolic lattices $U$ and the root lattices $A_{n}, D_{n}, ...
14
votes
2answers
558 views

Maximal number of maximal subgroups

Let $G$ be a finite group. I want to find an upper bound on the number of the maximal subgroups. My questions is does it possible to prove that the number of maximal subgroups of any finite group $G$ ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Basis of a group

Let $G$ be a finite group. I will say that a set of a subgroups $H_1,\ldots ,H_k$ defines a basis for a group $G$ if any subgroup $H$ of $G$ there exists $S\subset [k]$ such that $H=\cap_{i\in ...
1
vote
0answers
161 views

Involution of $E_{8}$ lattice

Let $L$ be a lattice associate to the Dykin matrix of type $E_{8}$. I would like to understand involutions of $L$ and their invariant $L^{+}$ and coinvariant lattice $L^-$ (I think they are ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

can minimal volume rational subspaces in a lattice be arbitrarily 'close'.

Let $\Gamma$ be a cocompact lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$, eg. $\Gamma = A \mathbb{Z}^n$ for some $A \in SL_n \mathbb{R}$. Then any $k$-dimensional subspace $P$ which is rational in $\Gamma$ has a volume: ...
4
votes
1answer
254 views

Reference for subsemigroups of $\mathbb{N}^n$

A well known result about the natural numbers $\mathbb{N}$ says that for any finite subset $A \subset \mathbb{N}$ there exists $R \ge 0$ such that if $n$ is in the subgroup of $\mathbb{Z}$ generated ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

Expected number of identical vertex pairs with the same Euclidean distance on a randomly colored rectangular lattice

Imagine I have an $N$ by $M$ rectangular lattice where I randomly assign one of $k$ colors to every vertex in the lattice. I then write down a list of the ${N*M}\choose{2}$ possible unordered pairs ...
2
votes
0answers
96 views

Finite subgroups (lattices) in the large N limit of SU(N)

I would like to gain some information about the discrete subgroups (lattices) of SU(N) Lie groups. I have already read some answers and references concerning the N=3 and N=4 cases. I am more ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

Comparing the volume of a rational lagrangian under a linear symplectomorphism.

Let's fix the standard symplectic structure $(\mathbb{R}^{2g}, \omega, J)$. A (marked) symplectic lattice then has the form $A\mathbb{Z}^{2g}$ for $A \in Sp_{2g}\mathbb{R}$. We say a vector subspace ...
8
votes
2answers
390 views

Lattices in $SL(n,\mathbb R)$

If $\Gamma\subseteq SL(n,\mathbb{R})$ is a lattice (i.e. discrete and finite covolume), does $\Gamma$ necessarily contain some $\mathbb{R}$-diagonalizable copy of $\mathbb{Z}^{n-1}$? I know that the ...
15
votes
4answers
497 views

The latice spanned by $m$ random 0-1 vectors of length $n$

Consider $m$ random 0-1 vectors of length $n$. Let $L$ be the lattice spanned by them. What is the value of $m$ (as a function of $n$) for which it is true with positive probability that $L=Z^n$? More ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Versions of Helly's Theorem for Unbounded Parallelpipeds

I'm studying Frobenius splitting of toric varieties based on Sam Payne's characterization of Frobenius splitting ("Frobenius splittings of toric varieties" (2008)) and I came across a sort of Helly's ...
16
votes
1answer
569 views

Is the ball reducible in some high dimension?

Let $K$ be a bounded symmetric ($-K=K$) open convex body in $\mathbb R^n$. The critical determinant $d(K)$ of $K$ is the least possible volume $|\operatorname{det}(a_1\dots a_n)|$ of the fundamental ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Lorentz quotient and orientation

$$ U \; = \; \left( \begin{array}{cc} 0 & 1 \\\ 1 & 0 \end{array} \right) , $$ Given a real oriented vector space $V$ with inner product, form Lorentzian $L = V \oplus ...
5
votes
0answers
165 views

Effect of Covering Radius on Shortest Vector

For "even" integral lattices in dimension at least 4, does a covering radius strictly less than $\sqrt 2$ imply that there is a vector of norm 2, also called a root? Note that this is simply false in ...
4
votes
3answers
450 views

Product-Decomposition of distributive lattices

EDIT I now (strongly) believe that the following claim answers my question (see the text below). However, if it does, then I am sure that it is known. It is not difficult to prove and the question ...
5
votes
3answers
488 views

Matrices generating non-discrete subgroups of SL(2,R)

Jorgensen's inequality $\mid \left(Tr\left(A\right)\right)^2-4\mid+\mid Tr\left[A,B\right]-2\mid\ge 1$ gives a necessary condition for two matrices A,B to generate a discrete subgroup of SL(2,R). Are ...
3
votes
0answers
120 views

Commutative quantale (Q,+) with a binary operation distributing over +

Context: In Flagg's "Quantales and continuity spaces" the notion of a continuity spaces enriched in a certain quantale is introduced. Abstracting from the set $[0,\infty]$ the essential properties ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

dither in Leech lattice quantization!

Hi, Can you please help me how to generate a dither signal $\mathbf{U}$, where $\mathbf{U}$ is a random vector of length 24 that is uniformly distributed over the voronoi region of the Leech lattice. ...
2
votes
1answer
301 views

When are the join-irreducibles in a complete lattice join-dense?

A subset $A$ of a complete lattice $L$ is said to be join-dense if $L=\{\bigvee R|R\subseteq A\}$. An element $a\in L$ is said to be join-irreducible if $a\neq 0$ and if $a=x\vee y$ then $a=x$ or ...
4
votes
1answer
351 views

Linear symmetric spaces are spaces with ''orthogonal complements''?

The collection of marked unimodular lattices in the euclidean $n$-space corresponds to the symmetric space $S_n:=SO_n(\mathbb{R}) \backslash SL_n(\mathbb{R})$. I have only recently been made aware ...
7
votes
1answer
387 views

Octonionic reflection groups

Consider Leech lattice definition provided by Wilson (Octonions and Leech lattice, 2008). There are 819 E8 sublattices defined by $ (2\lambda, 0, 0); $ $ (\lambda \overline{s}, (\lambda ...
3
votes
2answers
277 views

Inner product spaces, Siegel's theorem and lattices: book suggestion

Background: I am a theoretical computer scientist (PhD candidate) and have done graduate level courses in Algebra. I want to understand the following theorem from the book "Symmetric Bilinear Forms" ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

Spanning set for Lattice generated by an orbit of the group.

For a vector spaces it always holds that any set of vectors spanning vector space $V$ has a subset of vectors which is a basis for $V$. While for lattices it is not true. For example consider one ...
6
votes
0answers
412 views

What is the structure of a space of $\sigma$-algebras?

Let $X$ be a compact metric space, and consider the Banach space $\Omega = C(X,\mathbb R)$ of continuous, real-valued functions on $X$, equipped with the supremum norm. Let $\delta_x \in \Omega^*$ be ...
1
vote
2answers
344 views

Topology on Set of Prime Filters of a Distributive Lattice

Given a distributive lattice $A$ we can look at $Spec(A)$, whose points are prime ideals and its open sets are given similarly to the Zariski topology on Spec of a ring. That is, the basis of open ...
1
vote
2answers
232 views

Relationship of Bousfield Classes of Morava K-theories

Suppose we have $\langle K(n)\rangle$ and $\langle K(n-1) \rangle$ for some fixed prime $p$. do we know whether or not $\langle K(n) \rangle \geq \langle K(n-1) \rangle$ or $\langle K(n-1) \rangle ...
1
vote
3answers
368 views

Triangulations of lattice polygons

Let L be a 2-dimensional lattice and P- a lattice polygon. Suppose, it is triangulated into lattice tiangles. What are restrictions on their areas? For instance, can a lattice triangle of even area ...
2
votes
1answer
281 views

Name of a lattice-property

Assume that we have a complete lattice $(L,\leq)$. I would like to know whether the following property has a specific name and whether lattices with this property have been studied somewhere: For ...
2
votes
0answers
215 views

Hurwitz integers and $F_4$

The Hurwitz integers are $$ \mathcal H= \{a+bi+cj+dk:a,b,c,d\in\mathbb Z\;\text{ or } \;a,b,c,d\in \tfrac12+\mathbb Z\}. $$ I want to know if there is a formula, for $m\in\mathbb Z$, for the number ...
2
votes
0answers
288 views

Constructing the Stone Space of a Distributive Lattice

Does anyone have a good reference for the method of giving a topology to a distributive lattice as outlined in M.H. Stone's "Topological representation of distributive lattices and Brouwerian logics"? ...
9
votes
1answer
774 views

Reference request: Ehrhart's conjecture on the geometry of numbers

Conjecture (Ehrhart). If a convex body $K \subset {\mathbb R}^n$ has its barycenter at the origin and contains no other point with integer coordinates, the volume of $K$ is less than or equal to $(n ...