Lattices as they are used in number theory. (Not to be confused with lattice theory or lattices as used in physics!)

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285 views

Is this obfuscation scheme unbreakable?

I've just come across this popular article about a breakthrough (which can be purchased here), published in Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS), 2013 IEEE 54th Annual Symposium by a team of ...
2
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1answer
426 views

Abelian subfactors, a relevant concept?

Through the questions below, this post asks whether the concept of abelian subfactor is relevant. Remark : here abelian qualifies an inclusion of II$_1$ factors $(N \subset M)$, $N$ is not an abelian ...
5
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3answers
445 views

Finite index free subgroups of $\mathrm{SL}(3,\mathbb{Z})$

Does $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$ have a free subgroup of finite index for some $n \geq 3$? I know that $\mathrm{SL}(3,\mathbb{Z})$ has many free subgroups and that in the case of ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Has the single sorted case of formal concept analysis been investigated?

A formal context in formal concept analysis is a triple $K = (G, M, I)$ where $G$ is a set of objects, $M$ is a set of attributes and the binary relation $I \subset G \times M$ shows which objects ...
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0answers
109 views

Dedekind–MacNeille completion of ordered abelian monoids

It's known that the Dedekind–Macneille completion of an ordered Abelian group necessarily is not an ordered Abelian group (and it is an ordered Abelian monoid). I want to know that what happened ...
0
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0answers
66 views

approximate coordinates in a one dimensional lattice

suppose I have a finite set of real numbers ${r_1, \ldots r_n \in \mathbf{R} }$ and a single real number $x \in \mathbf{R}$. Is there a fast algorithm for finding integer numbers ${i_1, \ldots i_n \in ...
4
votes
2answers
191 views

Even unimodular lattices with root system $32 A_1$

I'm studying Venkov's proof of the classification of even unimodular rank 24 lattices, and it prompted the following question. For an even unimodular lattice $L$, let $R(L)= \{ x \in L : (x,x) =2\}$ ...
25
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2answers
905 views

A group-theoretic perspective on Frankl's union closed problem

Here is a group theoretic phrasing of a special case of the union closed conjecture: Question: Given a finite group $G$, is there an element of prime power order which is contained in at most half ...
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15answers
2k views

Counterexamples in universal algebra

Universal algebra - roughly - is the study, construed broadly, of classes of algebraic structures (in a given language) defined by equations. Of course, it is really much more than that, but that's ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Uniqueness of minimal completions of a partially ordered set

The partially ordered set $(Y,\le)$ is called a superspace of the partially ordered set $(X,\le')$ iff $X\subseteq Y$. $\le'=(\le\cap X^2)$. and a completion of $(X,\le')$ if in addition $~~ 3$. ...
2
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1answer
192 views

Finite-index free subgroups in lattices and matrix rings

It is a theorem of Selberg that a lattice $\Gamma$ in a linear group has a torsion-free subgroup of finite index. Page 64 in 'Introduction to Arithmetic Groups' by Dave Morris asserts these can be ...
2
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2answers
114 views

Nonplanar equilateral lattice “pentagons”

It is well-known that no two-dimensional point lattice contains a regular pentagon. (See for example http://mathworld.wolfram.com/LatticePolygon.html.) The same is true for lattices in $\mathbb{R}^n$, ...
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2answers
344 views

Inequalities for averaging over partially ordered sets

Let's start from a classical inequality: If $0\le a_1\le\cdots\le a_k$ and $0\le b_1\le\cdots\le b_k$ then $(a_1+\cdots+a_k)(b_1+\cdots+b_k)\le k(a_1b_1+\cdots+a_k b_k)$. It can be written also in ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Finding special vectors generated by a matrix

Let $G\in \Bbb Z^{n\times n}$ be a unimodular matrix. Are there any efficient algorithms to find the maximum norm of a vector $v$ that satisfies $\langle\Delta(v),v\rangle=0$ over all vectors $v\in ...
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7answers
1k views

Was lattice theory central to mid-20th century mathematics?

Four years ago, I read a book on the history of mathematics up to 1970 or so. It was very interesting up until the end. The last few chapters, though, were on lattices. The author claimed that ...
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0answers
179 views

Sampling a two-dimensional Gaussian distribution at points along an integer lattice

Please consider a two-dimensional Gaussian of the general form: $A*e^{-(\frac{(x-x_0)}{2\sigma_x^2}+\frac{(y-y_0)}{2\sigma_y^2})}$, where $C$ is the peak of the Gaussian, i.e. the point at which the ...
6
votes
1answer
117 views

How “accidental” are equalities between parts of Ehrhart quasi-polynomials? When do they persist to Euler-Maclaurin?

Background What I think of Ehrhart theory (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ehrhart_polynomial) asserts that if we take a lattice polytope $P$, and count the number of lattice points in the $t$th ...
13
votes
2answers
293 views

Lattice points and convex bodies

Given are two convex bodies $K, L \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ that contain the origin as an interior point. Assume the number of integer points contained in $\lambda K$ equals the number of integer points ...
6
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0answers
82 views

Minimum of the product of linear forms over a lattice

In Chapter [IX.1] of Siegel's Lectures on the Geometry of Numbers it is shown that if we have $n$ linear forms $y_{j}=\sum_{k=1}^{n}{a_{jk}x_{k}},\quad j=1,\ldots,n$, with the coefficient matrix ...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

Is any order bounded continuous linear functionals a difference of positive continuous functionals?

Let $B$ be a Banach space and $K$ a closed proper cone in $B$ such that the induced partial order makes $B$ a vector lattice. Let $K'=\{x^*\in B':\langle x^*, x\rangle\geq 0\ \forall x\in K\}$ the ...
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0answers
68 views

Determining the position of a coordinate by binning Gaussian noise around that coordinate to lattice points with vertex-specific probabilities [closed]

(NOTE: I have changed and hopefully simplified this question by removing the section on randomly perturbing lattice points, and instead specifying that the counts at each vertex should be randomly ...
5
votes
1answer
306 views

coloring in lattice

This is a mathematical question raised from engineering and physics: Is there some established mathematical approach in filling a physical lattice with some colored basis (black and white here)? For ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Achieving the largest possible minimum spacing between vertices of the same color in an integer lattice

Consider an infinite integer lattice, or an infinite hexagonal lattice with unit length edges. Provided a set of $k$ possible vertex colors, is there a known largest possible minimum spacing that can ...
3
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0answers
122 views

n-dimensional Delaunay Triangulation of Lattices

I have several questions concerning the Delaunay triangulation of a high dimensional lattice. Given an $n$-dimensional lattice $L$ and its Delaunay triangulation (partition of $R^n$ into simplices ...
3
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3answers
217 views

Crystal structure, lattice, Graph and coloring

I am working across mathematics, physics and engineering. And I am looking for whether there exists already formally established knowledge in the field. Given a periodic graph (actually a physical ...
10
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3answers
427 views

orbits of automorphism group for indefinite lattices

I have a question about indefinite lattices. QUESTION: Let $\Lambda\times\Lambda\rightarrow {\Bbb Z}$ be a lattice, that is, ${\Bbb Z}^n$ with a non-degenerate integer quadratic form, not necessarily ...
4
votes
2answers
496 views

Do constructible sets have Krull dimension?

Let $(I,\leq)$ be a poset. Recall that the Krull dimension of $I$ is defined as follows: -- $K.dim(I)=-1$ if and only if $I=\{0\}$; -- if $\alpha$ is an ordinal and we already defined what it means ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Classification of maximal nonuniform Fuchsian lattices existent?

I am interested in the set of all non-cocompact Fuchsian lattices which all have a distinguished point as cusp, say $\infty$ in the upper half plane model of the hyperbolic plane. Of course, the ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Arithmetic Fuchsian lattices that are not finite index subgroups of Eichler orders?

Lindenstrauss' proof of AQUE (arithmetic quantum unique ergodicity) assumes that the Fuchsian lattice is an Eichler order or, if I understand it correctly, a finite index subgroup of an Eichler order. ...
4
votes
1answer
407 views

Topological Problems Solved by Lattice Duality

It is well known the success of lattice dualities (as Pontryagin duality for abelian groups, Stone duality for Boolean algebras and Priestley duality for distributive lattices) to solve algebraic ...
4
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1answer
163 views

Finding Finite Generators of a Subset of a Quaternion Algebra/Cocompact Lattices

I was wondering if anyone had some ideas (books, papers, experience) on how to explicitly compute generators for the elements of a quaternion algebra, $Q$, with reduced norm $1$. I'm trying to ...
2
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1answer
147 views

Lattice automorphisms of finite order

Are there any known examples of lattice automorphisms of finite order in indefinite lattices being classified up to conjugacy?
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0answers
74 views

Group actions on polytopes in indefinite integer lattices

Is anything at all known about polytopes in indefinite integer lattices? I'm interested in lattice automorphisms which preserve certain polytopes of "high regularity" (e.g. cones). As a first step, ...
7
votes
1answer
240 views

Main problems on lattice-basis reduction algorithms (such as LLL)?

What are the main open problems on lattice-basis reduction algorithms (such as LLL)? I am looking for problems satisfying the following two conditions: (a) their solution would likely be of some ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Submodular measures on the hypercube

By the hypercube I mean the lattice formed by all n-bit strings ordered by pointwise inequality. For example, $000 \leq 110$, $010 \leq 110$, $110$ and $001$ are not comparable. Further we have the ...
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votes
2answers
135 views

sublattice generated by lattice points intersecting a convex set

Suppose that $M\subseteq \mathbb{Z}^n$ is a module such that $\mathbb{Z}^n/M$ is free and $S\subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ is a bounded, symmetric (around $0$) convex set. Let $M'$ be the module generated by ...
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0answers
79 views

Classification of involutions of the lattice $H\oplus H(k)^{\oplus2}$ for $k=5,6$?

Let $H$ denote the hyperbolic lattice (rank 2 lattice generated by $e,f$ such that $e^2=f^2=e.f-2=0$). Let $k >0$ be an integer. Is it possible to classify involutions $\iota$ of the lattice $$ ...
3
votes
2answers
134 views

Techniques for showing optimality of given packing

There are some natural packing problems that have been asked in mathematics. Some of them are: 1)How many balls can be placed with in a cube? 2)How many equidistant points can be place on the ...
2
votes
2answers
338 views

Embedding a brouwerian lattice into a boolean lattice

I have already asked a similar question at http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/470704/can-a-brouwerian-lattice-be-extended-into-a-boolean-algebra but have received no answer. Sorry, I ask a ...
3
votes
2answers
219 views

Minkowski successive minima inequality for a lattice base?

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice of $\mathbb{R}^n$, and $\lambda_i$ be the radius of the smallest ball containing $i$ linearly independent lattice vectors. The Minkowski successive minima inequality says ...
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0answers
139 views

Determine lattice basis from given lattice points

I'm working on the Shortest Lattice Vector Problem (SVP) for a paper that I'm currently writing. I wish to verify whether a particular structural, namely the building block property ( refer to the ...
7
votes
1answer
348 views

A characterization of the poset of filters on a set

For the lattices of all subsets of a given set it is known an axiomatic characterization: A poset is isomorphic to a set of all subsets of some set iff it is a complete atomic boolean algebra. The ...
7
votes
0answers
233 views

What are the homological properties of Young's lattice?

Young's lattice $Y$ is a graded poset and a distributive lattice whose elements are all the partitions of $n$ for $n \in \mathbb{N}$ with the poset relation coming from inclusion of Young diagrams. ...
0
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1answer
73 views

A description of the isometry group $O(U\oplus E_8)$?

Are there any good description of the isometry group $O(U\oplus E_8)$? Here $U$ denotes the hyperbolic lattice and $E_8$ the root lattice of type $E_8$.
2
votes
1answer
261 views

How to determine $O(L)$ is finite or not?

Let $L$ be an indefinite {\it non-unimodular} integral lattice. I am particularly interested in unimodular cases, such as $U(2)\oplus A_4, U\oplus D_4$. Are there any general method to determine ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

Are there atomistic ortholattices which are not modular?

Let $L$ be an atomic ortholattice. We say that two elements $a$ and $b$ of $L$ are orthogonal if $a\leq b^\perp$. If $L$ is orthomodular then every element of $L$ can be written as a join of pairwise ...
2
votes
1answer
289 views

Automorphism groups of indefinite non-unimodular integer lattices

Does anyone know of any papers in which structural aspects of the orthogonal group of some indefinite non-unimodular integral lattice are calculated? The exact lattice isn't so important and they ...
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1answer
249 views

Diagonalization of Quaternion Hermitian matrices

How do I go about diagonalizing such a matrix. I ask because I need to sort out the following problem: Let $D$ be the quaternion algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ with $i^2 = -1, j^2 = -11, ij=-ji=k$. ...
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0answers
133 views

Lattice basis reductions and finding minimal values

While reading several articles about lattice basis reduction I am left with a few questions. For one, I came across this piece of text Let $\alpha$ and $\beta \in \mathbb{R}$. Also let $X>0$ and ...
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50 views

Tensor product with $\mathbb{R}$ of an even unimodular lattice

Let $\Lambda$ be an unimodular even lattice of signature $(m,n)$. By a classifying theorem by Milnor, $\Lambda$ must be of the form $U^k\oplus E_8(\pm 1)^l$, where $U$ is the hyperbolic plane. Now ...