The large-cardinals tag has no usage guidance.

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### Woodin's unpublished proof of the global failure of GCH

An unpublished result of Woodin says the following:
Theorem. Assuming the existence of large cardinals, it is consistent that $\forall \lambda, 2^{\lambda}=\lambda^{++}.$
In the paper "The ...

**4**

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**1**answer

269 views

### Large cardinals and mild extensions

It is known that for many large cardinals $\kappa$ (like weakly compact, measurable,...) , $\kappa$ remains large of the same type after forcings of size $<\kappa$. Now the questions are:
Question ...

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463 views

### Some questions about $0^{\sharp}$ and forcing over $L$

1-Let $P\in L$ be a nontrivial set forcing or even a tame class forcing (tameness in the sense of Sy Friedman; see for example his Handbook paper), and let $G$ be $P-$generic over $L$. Then it is well-...

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210 views

### Preservation of measurable cardinals in mild extensions

I would like some help with the proof of the preservation of measurable cardinals in mild extensions, as I am a bit new with forcing.
By mild extensions, I mean the generic extension produced from a ...

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714 views

### What are Moschovakis cardinals?

The question is exactly that of the title: what are Moschovakis cardinals?
Background. In a recent answer to the question, "Are there examples of statements that have been proven whose consistency ...

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**1**answer

215 views

### ultrafilter characterisation of huge cardinals

A cardinal $\kappa$ is huge iff there is $\lambda>\kappa$ and a $\kappa$-complete normal ultrafilter on
$P_{\leq \kappa}(\lambda)$, or, equivalently, on the set of families of subsets of $\lambda$ ...

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665 views

### Failure of diamond at large cardinals

What is known about the failure of $\Diamond_{\kappa}$ (diamond at $\kappa$) for $\kappa$ (the least) inaccessible, (the least) Mahlo and (the least) weakly compact.
Remark. The problem of forcing ...

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738 views

### Good Books about Large Cardinals

I am very new to set theory and have only learned the basics up to cardinal and ordinal aritmetic. I would like to learn about large cardinals and I am reading Thomas Jech's Set Theory. I have read ...

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1k views

### Do Measurable Cardinals Exist? (assuming ZFC)

In Appendix B of his Uniform Central Limit Theorems (1999), Dudley writes:
It is consistent with the usual axioms of set theory (including the axiom f choice) that there are no measurable ...

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**1**answer

315 views

### Indescribability of cardinals and categoricity of $V_\kappa$

If $\kappa$ is an inaccessible cardinal then $V_\kappa$ is a model of $\sf ZFC_2$ ($\sf ZFC$ with a second-order replacement axiom).
If there are many inaccessible cardinals then there are many ...

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486 views

### Every weakly compact cardinal is Mahlo

This is a reference question. Does anyone know any book or paper that has the proof that every weakly compact cardinal is Mahlo, using only combinatorics?
I know the definition of weak compactness ...

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**1**answer

383 views

### Consistency strength of projective determinacy (PD)

Let PD stand for projective determinacy, and consider the two claims:
(1) For each n=1,2,..., Con(ZFC+PD) implies Con(ZFC + there are n Woodin cardinals)
(2) Con(ZFC+PD) implies Con(ZFC + there are ...

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**1**answer

545 views

### Why does the generalised Galvin-Prikry Theorem only hold at Ramsey cardinals?

The Galvin-Prikry theorem says that Borel sets are Ramsey. This means that for every Borel set $S\subseteq[\omega]^\omega$, there is an $A\in\[\omega]^\omega$ such that either $[A]^\omega \subseteq S$ ...

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843 views

### On the large cardinals foundations of categories

(This question was posted on math.SE over two weeks ago, but received no answer. I am therefore posting it here as well.)
It is well-known that there are difficulties in developing basic category ...

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**1**answer

478 views

### Forcing mildly over a worldly cardinal.

A cardinal $\theta$ is worldly if $V_{\theta}$ is a model of ZFC. We could force to collapse $\theta$ to a successor cardinal, for example, and destroy the worldliness of $\theta$, but is there a ...

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1k views

### Does an existence of large cardinals have implications in number theory or combinatorics?

Does an existence of large cardinals have implications in more down-to-earth fields like number theory, finite combinatorics, graph theory, Ramsey theory or computability theory? Are there any ...

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380 views

### The Kunen inconsistency and definable classes

There is a tension between (1) interpreting proper class talk in set theory as talk about first-order formulas and satisfaction; and (2) taking it to be an interesting and non-trivial result that ...

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386 views

### Partition relation, almost a Ramsey cardinal?

Is it consistent with ZFC to have a cardinal $\kappa$ which is not Ramsey and
$\kappa \rightarrow [\kappa]^{<\omega}_{\omega,n}$ holds for some $n\in \omega$?
The partition relation $\kappa \...

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**1**answer

422 views

### More on Kunen's inconsistency result

I would like to suggest another argument for Kunen's inconsistency result, and I wonder to know if the argument is correct. I am also interested to see, if the proof is correct, which part of the ...

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**1**answer

642 views

### Surreal numbers and large cardinals

This is a question in two parts about the interaction of surreal numbers and large cardinals, in both cases just a request for references on the subject.
Part 1 is about foundations. Much of the ...

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**1**answer

282 views

### Stationary many subsets of $\kappa^+$ whose order type is a cardinal and whose intersection with $\kappa$ is an inaccessible cardinal

Is anything known about the consistency strength of the following statement?
$\kappa$ is a Mahlo cardinal and there is a stationary set of $a \in \mathcal{P}_\kappa(\kappa^+)$ such that $a \cap \...

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**1**answer

354 views

### Applications of higher-order reflection principles

Let $L_3$ be the third-order language of set theory with identity on the first sort. Variables $x$ are first-order, $y$ are second-order, and $z$ are third-order. In the style of Lévy and Bernays, we ...

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**1**answer

248 views

### Consistency of many Erdos cardinals

Does anyone have a reference for the consistency strength of saying that the Erdos cardinal $\kappa(\alpha)$ exists for all $\alpha$? Or of various weakenings about how far such cardinals extend into ...

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**1**answer

405 views

### Models of Determinacy

Today we have that $L(\mathbb{R}) \models AD$ (assuming there are $\omega$ many Woodin cardinals and a measurable above them all). I was wondering what other models of $AD$ might look like and if it ...

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**1**answer

177 views

### $\omega$-small and properly small premice.

Let $\mathcal M$ be a premouse.
$\mathcal M$ is said to be $\omega$-small if and only if whenever we have that $\kappa=crit(E)$ for some extender $E$ on the sequence of $\mathcal M$, then $\mathcal J^{...

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**1**answer

186 views

### Versions of large cardinals with target model in a generic extension

(I ran into this question while thinking about the (Strong) Inner Model Hypothesis: see http://www.jstor.org/stable/4093051 or http://arxiv.org/abs/0711.0680.)
A measurable cardinal is a cardinal $\...

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381 views

### A question about Mitchell/Steel Fine Structure and Iteration Trees

In chapter 8 of Mitchell's and Steel's FSIT, they prove a central fine structural result, which basically states that if $\mathcal{M}$ is 1-small, $k$-sound, $k$-iterable premouse then the $k+1$-...

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679 views

### Kunen's inconsistency result

A well-known result of Kunen says that there is no non-trivial elementary embedding $j: V \rightarrow V.$ There are several proofs of this theorem (see Kanamori, The higher infinite). I wonder to know ...

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456 views

### What can the degrees of constructibility be?

If $r, s\in\mathbb{R}$, we say $r$ is constructible relative to $s$ - and write $r\le_cs$ - if $r\in L[s]$. Modding out by the induced equivalence relation $\equiv_c$, we get a partial order, the ...

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346 views

### Homogeneous Namba-like forcing

Let $\kappa \ge \aleph_3$ be a regular cardinal that is countably closed ($\alpha^\omega < \kappa$ for every $\alpha < \kappa$.) I'm mostly interested in the case that $\kappa$ is strongly ...

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303 views

### Elementary Embeddings and Relative Constructibility

Suppose $$j:M\prec N$$ is a non-trivial elementary embedding. Under what conditions on the sets (classes?) $M$ and $N$ (or even the critical point of $j$) does $j$ extend to an elementary embedding $$...

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455 views

### if k is weakly inaccessible, then it is the k-th aleph fixed point

A cardinal $\kappa$ is weakly inaccessible iff $\kappa > \omega$, $\kappa$ is regular, and $\forall\lambda<\kappa(\lambda^+<\kappa)$
(here $\lambda^+$ is the successor cardinal)
A cardinal $...

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**1**answer

240 views

### Extending complete filters

Suppose $\kappa$ is a measurable cardinal and let $\mathcal{F}\subset\wp(\kappa)$ be a $\kappa$-complete non-principal filter. Can we extend $\mathcal{F}$ to a $\kappa$-complete ultrafilter?
My ...

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### $\Delta^1_2$-well ordering vs $\Delta^1_3$

It is a classical result that if $0^{\sharp}$ exists, then there is a model of $ZFC$ in which there is a $\Delta^1_3$ well ordering of reals but no $\Delta^1_2$-well ordering.
My question is: Is $0^{\...

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178 views

### Two complementing consequences of supercompactness

I would like to know if the following two consequences of having a supercompact cardinal are orthogonal:
1) On one hand being supercompact is equivalent to being "A ineffable for all A" (...

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### Relation between $\neg \square(\kappa)$ and the tree property at $\kappa$.

If $\kappa$ is an inaccessible cardinal then the tree property at $\kappa$ is equivalent to weak compactness of $\kappa$, which implies that $\square(\kappa)$ fails---that is, that every coherent ...

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748 views

### Can measures be added by forcing?

The Lévy-Solovay theorem says that small forcings do not create measures. J.D. Hamkins has generalized this to a larger class of forcings called gap forcings. I would assume this cannot be ...

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369 views

### A question about the comparability of large cardinals.

Are there any examples of two large cardinal axioms $AX$ and $AY$, in the language of first order $ZFC$, which satisfy the following conditions.
Each of them defines a unique cardinal number - $C(AX)...

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382 views

### large cardinal tree properties as properties of sheaves

As follows from this talk Large Properties for Small Cardinals, p.7,p.4 http://www2.dm.unito.it/paginepersonali/viale/SEMINARS-TORINO/Fontanella-Torino-19.1.2012.pdf, the definitions of weakly compact ...

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267 views

### Internal large cardinal embeddings. How deep can we go?

Suppose, in V, that $\kappa$ is a large cardinal, say $\kappa$ is supercompact, and $j:V \to M$ is an ultrapower embedding witnessing the large cardinal properties of $\kappa$. From here, we can take ...

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437 views

### Generic Extensions and $L(V_{\lambda+1})$

Suppose $\lambda$ is a strong limit cardinal of cofinality $\omega$ and for $A$ a transitive set, define $L(A)$ in the usual fashion by setting
$$L_0(A)=A;$$
$$L_{\alpha+1}(A) = L_\alpha (A)\cup \...

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206 views

### a partial order not dense iff a measurable exists

For $\kappa>0$ a regular cardinal, let $Ht_\kappa$ denote the following partial quasi-order:
(i) elements(objects) of $Ht_\kappa$ are classes X of sets of size $\kappa$
with the property that,
($&...

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424 views

### Can $\omega_1$ be supercompact?

Is "ZF + $\omega_1$ is supercompact" consistent relative to "ZFC + there is a supercompact cardinal"?
In particular, if $\delta$ is supercompact, does it remain so in $V(\mathbb{R} \cap V[G])$ where $...

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1k views

### What's the difference between ZFC+Grothendieck, ZFC+inaccessible cardinals and Tarski-Grothendieck set theory?

Say that "U" is the axiom that "For each set x, there exists a Grothendieck universe U such that x $\in$ U", where Grothendieck universes are defined in the usual way (or, if that's unclear, in this ...

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### Measures that are not OD

Is anything known about the consistency strength of the statement:
"There is a normal measure (on a cardinal) that is not ordinal-definable"?
In particular, is it consistent relative to the ...

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### Can there be an embedding j:V to L, from the set-theoretic universe V to the constructible universe L, when V not= L?

Main Question. Can there be an embedding $j:V\to L$ of the
set-theoretic universe $V$ to the constructible universe $L$, if
$V\neq L$?
By embedding here, I mean merely a proper class isomorphism from
...

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### Large cardinals without the ambient set theory?

In an attempt to understand a bit better large cardinals, I have been thinking along the following lines, which could be summarized under the slogan
Talk about cardinals without the
(ambient) ...

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### ULTRAINFINITISM, or a step beyond the transfinite

Cantor has, in the immortal words of D. Hilbert, given all of us a paradise (or perhaps, I would rather say, a great vacation spot), the TRANSFINITE.
$\aleph_0, \aleph_1,\aleph_2\dots$
the lists ...

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### Large cardinal axioms and total recursive functions

Are there known relationships between large cardinal axioms (say Mahlo or Woodin cardinals)
and total recursive functions (over the natural numbers) of the type:
$ZFC$ + large cardinal axiom $\vdash$ ...

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### An Extender is a Generalization of an Ultrafilter?

I'm not sure whether this belongs here or on math stackexchange, but I'll give a try here.
I've heard that an extender is a generalization of an ultrafilter. This is not to say that an ultrafilter ...