The large-cardinals tag has no wiki summary.

**7**

votes

**1**answer

429 views

### Why “adding” a single extender cannot give an L-like inner model for say, a strong cardinal?

The constructible universe $L$ is too thin for large cardinals greater than measurable. To build $L$-like inner models for large cardinal, it is natural to think about "adding" the evidences into the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

619 views

### Some questions from the paper “Forcing the failure of CH by adding a real” by Shelah and Woodin

1-Let $P=Add(\omega_1, \kappa)$, and let $D$ be a dense open subset of $P$. Then there is a dense subset $S$ of $D$ such that for every $f \in S$ and any $g \in P$, if $domf=domg$ and the set $\{ ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

953 views

### Devlin's “Constructibility” as a resource

It is fairly well-known among set-theorists that Keith Devlin's 1984 book "Constructibility" has flaws in its initial development of fine structure theory. (See Lee Stanley's review 1 of the text for ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

324 views

### Do indiscernibility embeddings exist for an initial segment of an inner model of many measurable cardinals?

Background
I am interested in elementary embeddings from a model of set theory into itself. One way of producing such elementary embeddings is when the model is generated by indiscernibles; this idea ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

368 views

### $\Pi_0^1$-weakly indescribable cardinals are exactly the regulars

Hi,
I'm not sure if I should ask here or over at math.stackexchange.com, but I think here it's a bit more fitting. This question stems from a homework problem:
Definition:
Given some class of ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

427 views

### A proposed axiom of Laver (updated)

A few months back, I posted a question asking about a proposed axiom of Laver's and I, unfortunately, left out a critical piece. Here is the full axiom:
(L) Some elementary embedding ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

568 views

### Are there large cardinals for $n$-elementarity?

In July, Asaf Karagila asked three questions about elementary substructures of the universe of sets. The latter two were answered, the upshot being that the hypothesis $V_\kappa \prec V$ doesn't alone ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

288 views

### PFA and the compactness/incompactness of $\omega_2$

There are many consequences of the Proper Forcing Axiom (PFA) which essentially say that $\omega_2$ has a lot of compactness.
For instance, Matteo Viale and Christoph Weiss have a few papers in ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

441 views

### Characterizing elementary embeddings of $L$ and $L_\alpha$ under 0#

Suppose 0# exists.
It is clear that every order preserving map from the indiscernibles to the indiscernibles gives an elementary embedding from $L$ to $L$. Furthermore, following lemmas 18.7 and 18.8 ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Recent claim that inaccessibles are inconsistent with ZF

Here it is mentioned that someone claims to have proven that there are no weakly inaccessibles in ZF.
Question 1: What reasons are there to believe that weakly inaccessibles exist?
Question(s) 2: ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

206 views

### Relation between indiscernibles for $L$ and for $L[A]$

It is known that $L\models 2^\kappa=\kappa^+$, and that for a set of ordinals $A$ we know that $L[A]\models \exists\lambda\forall\kappa>\lambda(2^\kappa=\kappa^+)$.
In this sense, there is some ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

367 views

### Ultrapowers by normalized ultrafilters

Suppose $j\colon V\to M$ is an elementary embedding and $\kappa$ is the critical point of $j$, then $\kappa$ is measurable, and we can define the ultrafilter $U$ over $\kappa$ as: $$A\in U\iff ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

252 views

### Dual covering theorem

Jensen's covering theorem states that if $0^\sharp$ doesn't exist, then every uncountable set of ordinals can be covered by a constructible set of the same cardinality.
Now consider the following ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

864 views

### How elementary can we go?

It is a theorem of A. Levy, if $\kappa$ is an inaccessible cardinal, then $V_\kappa\prec_{\Sigma_1} V$ namely $V_\kappa$ is an elementary submodel when considering only $\Sigma_1$ sentences.
One ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

383 views

### Consistency strengths related to the perfect set property

I want a model of $\mathrm{MA}_{\sigma\mathrm{-centered}}+\neg\mathrm{CH}$ in which every set of reals in $L(\mathbb{R})$ has the perfect set property. In terms of consistency strength, it is known ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

693 views

### Large cardinals and constructible universe

We know that if $V=L$ holds, then $|\cal{P}(\omega)|=|\cal{P}(\omega)\cap \textrm{L}|=\aleph_1$ whereas, in the presence of a measurable cardinal (in fact, even Ramsey) $|\cal{P}(\omega)\cap ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

625 views

### Why is this theorem (about $L(P(\omega_1))^V$ and $L(P(\omega_1))^{V[G]}$) nice?

I was recently told that the following (due to M. Viale) is a nice theorem:
Suppose there are arbitrarily large supercompacts, and $\mathrm{MM}$ holds in $V$. Let $G$ be generic for a proper ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

340 views

### Adding large sets by countable conditions preserving the GCH

Let $\kappa$ be an inaccessible cardinal. Is there any forcing notion $P$ with the following properties:
1-$P$ preserves GCH and the strong inaccessibility of $\kappa$,
2-$P$ adds a subset of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### $< \aleph_1-$support Product of Cohen forcings

Suppose $\kappa$ is an inaccessible cardinal, and let $P$ be the $< \aleph_1-$support product of $Add(\alpha^{++}, 1)$ for singular cardinals $\alpha < \kappa.$
1- Does this forcing preserve ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

764 views

### Is there a least-fixed-point formulation of inaccessible cardinals?

The infinity axiom can be formulated by defining a function $S$ as
$$S(N) = \{0\} \cup \{n+1\\ |\\ n \in N\}$$
(FWIW, I'm assuming the von Neumann ordinals.) The axiom is then
$$\exists I . I = ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

831 views

### Questions about $\aleph_1-$closed forcing notions

"Foreman`s maximality principle" states that every non-trivial forcing notion either adds a real or collapses some cardinals. This principle has many consequences including:
1) $GCH$ fails ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

441 views

### If $0^{\sharp}$ exists, then every uncountable cardinal in $V$ is as large as it can be in $L$.

According to Wikipedia, if $0^{\sharp}$ exists, then every uncountable cardinal in $V$ satisfies every large cardinal property in $L$ that can be realized in $L$, e.g. weak compactness, total ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

317 views

### Does a generic normal measure extend the club filter?

This question is related to this one. The setup is as follows:
In $V$, $\kappa$ is supercompact and $\mathbb{P} = \mathrm{Coll}(\kappa, \aleph_2)$ is the Levy collapse. $G$ is $(V,P)$-generic, and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### Normal measures on $P_{\kappa }(\lambda )$ extend the club filter

This is (a variation on) exercise 20.4 in Jech's "Set Theory." Let $j : V \to M$ witness $\lambda$-supercompactness of $\kappa$, and consider the normal measure $U$ on $P_{\kappa}(\lambda)$ ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

584 views

### What is the consistency strength of the failure of square, in terms of large cardinals

In Jech one can find a lower bound for the consistency strength of PFA in terms of large cardinals. I don't have my copy of Jech in front of me at the moment, but as I recall the presentation of this ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

577 views

### Nonstandard models of PA of large cardinal size

It is easy to overlook the fact that the existence of a given large cardinal provides us with a true arithmetical statement that would otherwise be false if the large cardinal notion were not ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Nonessential use of large cardinals

In Awfully sophisticated proof for simple facts, we are asked for examples of complex proofs of simple results. To quote from the questioner's post, we are asked for proofs that are akin to "nuking ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

730 views

### failure of $\square(\kappa)$ at an inaccessible $\kappa$

How can we force the failure of $\square(\kappa)$ at an inaccessible $\kappa$, where
$\square(\kappa)$ is defined as follows: There is a sequence $(C_i:i< \kappa)$ such that:
(1) $C_{i+1} = ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### What does the partially ordered class of cardinals look like in L(R)?

Assuming the existence of enough large cardinals (I'm not sure whether I mean in the original V or in L(R), do whatever is standard), is the partially ordered class of cardinals order-isomorphic to ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

612 views

### Can Vopenka's principle be violated definably?

One form of Vopenka's principle (a large cardinal axiom) states that no locally presentable category contains a full subcategory which is large (= a proper class) and discrete (= contains no ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Aleph 0 as a large cardinal

The first infinite cardinal, $\aleph_0$, has many large cardinal properties (or would have many large cardinal properties if not deliberately excluded). For example, if you do not impose ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

1k views

### Large Cardinals Imply a Model of ZFC

I've run across the statement, "The existence of a strongly inaccessible cardinal implies the consistency of ZFC" in several places (Cohen's Set Theory and the Continuum Hypothesis p. 80, for one). ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Should there be a true model of set theory?

As I understand it, there is a program in set theory to produce an ultimate, canonical model of set theory which, among other things, positively answers the Continuum Hypothesis and various questions ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

431 views

### Strong Cardinals and Supercompact Cardinals

This is exercise 20.5 out of Jech:
Let $\lambda \geq \kappa$ and let $U$ be a normal measure on $P_{\kappa}(\lambda)$. The ultraproduct $\mathrm{Ult} _U \{ (V _{\lambda _x},\in) : x \in P ...

**34**

votes

**7**answers

6k views

### Arguments against large cardinals

I started to learn about large cardinals a while ago, and I read that the existence, and even the consistency of the existence of an inaccessible cardinal, i.e. a limit cardinal which is additionally ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

371 views

### Normal measures and Elementary Embeddings

This is a question from Jech's Set Theory (Ex. 17.12) which I'm reading at the moment and pretty much stuck on.
If $D$ is a normal measure on $\kappa$
and $\{ \aleph_\alpha \colon
> ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

464 views

### Question about John Steel's “The derived model theorem”

In John Steel's paper "The derived model theorem",
http://math.berkeley.edu/~steel/papers/dm.ps
John Steel asserts that it is clear that $\mathrm{Hom}^{Y}_{\kappa}$ is closed downward under ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

593 views

### Vopenka's Principle at Small Cardinals

I'm trying to understand Vopěnka's Principle, which is a large cardinal axiom. One version of the principle is that there does not exist a proper class of directed graphs such that there are no ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Large cardinals

Looking at the chart of cardinals in Kanamori's book, one realizes that all large cardinals are implied by stronger ones and imply weaker ones. For instance measurable implies Jonsson which implies ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

777 views

### Measurable cardinals under Axiom of Determinacy

I seem to remember reading somewhere that ZF+AD proves that omega-1 and omega-2 are measurable cardinals.
Is that right?
If so, can someone [point me to or give here] a [sketch or proof] of these ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

856 views

### Tractability of forcing-invariant statements under large cardinals

It is usual to mention theorems of the kind:
Th. Assume there is a proper class of Woodin cardinals, $\mathbb{P} $ is a partial order and $G \subseteq \mathbb{P}$ is V-generic, then $V \models \phi ...

**19**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Reasons to believe Vopenka's principle/huge cardinals are consistent

There are a number of informal heuristic arguments for the consistency of ZFC, enough that I am happy enough to believe that ZFC is consistent. This is true for even some of the more tame large ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Any paradoxical theorems arising from large cardinal axioms?

If we accept the axiom of choice, we take the responsibility of living in a world in which, e.g., a ball in Euclidean 3-space is equiscindable to two isometric copies of itself (Banach-Tarski). So we ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

314 views

### The closure of a generic ultrapower

Let $I$ be a normal ideal on $P_{\kappa} (\lambda)$. Let $V$ denote our ground model. Now we force with the $I$-positive sets, and if $G$ is the resulting generic filter, it can be shown that $G$ is a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

490 views

### A question about supercompact cardinal numbers

Is it possible to tell if a cardinal number C is supercompact by looking only
at the properties of subsets of C and paying no attention to sets whose cardinal numbers are greater than C? This can ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

411 views

### A question on ultrapower

Suppose $\kappa_0$ is a measurable cardinal and $\mu_0$ is a normal measure on $\kappa_0$. $M_1$ is the transitive collapse of $Ult(V,\mu_0)$, $j_{0,1}:V\rightarrow{M_1}$ is the elementary embedding ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

693 views

### Model of ZF + $\neg$C in which Solovay's Theorem on stationary sets fails?

It is a theorem of Solovay that any stationary subset of a regular cardinal, $\kappa$ can be decomposed into a disjoint union of $\kappa$ many disjoint stationary sets. As far as I know, the proof ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Large cardinal axioms and Grothendieck universes

A cardinal $\lambda$ is weakly inaccessible, iff a. it is regular (i.e. a set of cardinality $\lambda$ can't be represented as a union of sets of cardinality $<\lambda$ indexed by a set of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

453 views

### What notions of universe does predicative type theory admit?

Palmgren (1997), On universes in type theory, discusses work of several theorists that provide what we might call a family of Large Universe Axioms (LUAs) for predicative type theory, culminating in ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

714 views

### Logical endofunctors of Set?

What set-theoretic assumptions are necessary and sufficient to ensure the existence of a nontrivial (i.e. not isomorphic to the identity) endofunctor of the category Set which is logical (i.e. ...