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8
votes
0answers
105 views

Reinhardt cardinals and iterability

Work in $ZF$. Let $j:V\to V$ be a non-trivial elementary embedding which is iterable, so that we can iterate it and form models $M_\alpha, \alpha\in ON,$ with $M_0=V,$ and elementary embeddings ...
7
votes
0answers
103 views

Countable choice in $L(\mathbb{R}^*_G)$

Let $\lambda$ be a singular strong limit cardinal and let $G \subset \text{Col}(\omega,\mathord{<}\lambda)$ be a $V$-generic filter. Let $\mathbb{R}^*_G = \bigcup_{\alpha < \lambda} ...
6
votes
1answer
175 views

Can the Cohen forcing collapse cardinals?

Let $\kappa$ be a regular cardinal, and let $\mathbb{P} = Add(\kappa,1)$ be the standard forcing notion for adding a new subset of $\kappa$ using partial function from $\kappa$ to $2$ with domain of ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

How to change the successor of a singular with a Woodin?

I'm looking for references on how to change the successor of a singular cardinal from "more or less" minimal assumptions. If possible, then without adding bounded subsets to the singular either. In ...
7
votes
1answer
175 views

Erdős cardinals and $0^\sharp$

It is well-known that if the Erdős cardinal $\kappa(\omega_1)$ exists, then $0^\sharp$ exists, but what if $\kappa(\lambda)$ exists for a limit ordinal $\omega_1^L\leq \lambda<\omega_1$? Does this ...
4
votes
1answer
195 views

Iterated ultrapowers of L

If there exists a measurable cardinal, we can generate a sequence of iterated ultrapowers $\{Ult_U^\alpha(V)\}_{\alpha\in ON}$. If $0^\sharp$ exists, i.e. if there exists an elementary embedding ...
10
votes
1answer
213 views

On the definition of the $\alpha$-iterable cardinals

I am reading the paper Ramsey-like cardinals II by Victoria Gitman and Philip Welch (Journal of Symbolic Logic, vol. 76, no. 2. pp. 541-560, 2011) and maybe I am missing something. According to the ...
8
votes
2answers
893 views

The impact of large cardinals in mathematics [closed]

What are the main applications of large cardinals in ordinary mathematics, and what is the philosophy behind using them. In particular: Question 1. What is the philosophy behind accepting large ...
6
votes
1answer
191 views

On a weak tree property for inaccessible cardinals

Suppose that $\kappa$ is inaccessible and consider a tree of height $\kappa$ whose levels have size strictly below some cardinal $\gamma < \kappa$. Does this type of tree always have a ...
6
votes
1answer
246 views

higher-order reflection

In the first-order context, "reflection" of a formula $\varphi(x)$ below $\kappa$ refers to the the following situation: There are many ordinals $\alpha<\kappa$ such that for all $a \in ...
10
votes
1answer
340 views

Erdős cardinals and ineffable cardinals

In Cantor's Attic it is stated that an $\omega$-Erdős cardinal is a stationary limit of ineffable cardinals, and Jech book is given as a reference, but I cannot find this result in that book. I have ...
5
votes
0answers
142 views

A variant of Chang's model with choice

Let $M_n$, $n < \omega$, be a models of $ZFC$ with the same ordinals, closed under countable sequences. Let $\alpha_n$ be an ordinal which is a regular cardinal in $M_n$. Question 1: Is it ...
10
votes
0answers
306 views

Ideas behind Gitik's solution of PCF conjecture

Recently Moti Gitik has refuted Shelah's PCF conjecture (see Short extenders forcings II ) by proving the following theorem: Theorem. Assuming the consistency of infinitely many strong cardinals, one ...
7
votes
1answer
242 views

Inaccessible becomes successor of singular

Is it possible, starting from any large cardinal assumption, to find a countably closed forcing $\mathbb{P}$ such that for some inaccessible $\kappa$, $\Vdash_\mathbb{P} "\kappa = \lambda^+$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

The word problem of the free left distributive algebra on one generator

A left distributive algebra is a set $A$ together with a binary operation, $\cdot$, satisfying $a\cdot(b\cdot c)=(a\cdot b)\cdot(a\cdot c)$. One important example of left distributive algebras arises ...
8
votes
2answers
237 views

A Weakening of the Tree Property

If $f$ and $g$ are two functions, define $f \sim g$ if they differ only finitely often on their common domain. The following property of a large cardinal arose from a problem in model theory. I am ...
7
votes
1answer
122 views

Strongly compact cardinal with bad covering properties

This is a continuation of the question covering properties of strongly compact embedding. Recall that a cardinal $\kappa$ is $\nu$-strongly compact cardinal if there is an elementary embedding ...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

A realcompact analogue of the Baire category theorem

Let $\frak{m}$ be the least measurable cardinal. A space $X$ is realcompact if it is homeomorphic to a closed subset of some product $\mathbb{R}^I$. Let $X$ be realcompact with $P_\frak{m}$ topology, ...
5
votes
1answer
152 views

Covering properties of strongly compact embedding

Let $\kappa$ be a $\mu$-strongly compact cardinal, which means that there is an elementary embedding $j:V\rightarrow M$, with critical point $\kappa$ such that $M$ is well founded (even closed under ...
11
votes
1answer
285 views

What is the large cardinal strength of the assertion that every $\kappa$-complete filter on $\kappa$ extends to a $\kappa$-complete ultrafilter?

It is well-known that an uncountable regular cardinal $\kappa$ is strongly compact if and only if every $\kappa$-complete filter on any set extends to a $\kappa$-complete ultrafilter on that set. The ...
6
votes
0answers
195 views

Does Sageev's result need an inaccessible?

In 1981, building on work by Ellentuck in 1974, Sageev showed ("A model of ZF + there exists an inaccessible, in which the Dedekind cardinals constitute a natural non-standard model of arithmetic," ...
10
votes
1answer
432 views

Does Turing determinacy imply full determinacy?

The axiom of Turing determinacy is a weakening of the full axiom of determinacy, $AD$, in which only games with payoff sets which are $\equiv_T$-invariant are demanded to be determined. In "Turing ...
3
votes
2answers
421 views

A question about “local” versus “global” large cardinal axioms

The terms "local" and "global" when applied to large cardinal axioms seem to have a well understood intuitive meaning, although a formalized definition of them in (a meta-language for)ZFC might be ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Are normal ultrafilters generated by conditional closure systems?

Suppose that $\kappa$ is a cardinal, $X$ is a set with $|X|>\kappa$, and $\mathcal{U}\subseteq P(P_{\kappa}(X))$ is a normal ultrafilter. We say that a collection $C\subseteq P_{\kappa}(X)$ is a ...
5
votes
1answer
190 views

Is there a large-cardinal completeness theorem for $L$?

I cannot currently find the original, but if memory serves, Goedel once speculated that there might be a "large-cardinal completeness theorem for $V.$" This theorem would state: *Theorem. For every ...
10
votes
0answers
185 views

Namba forcing and semiproperness

This question is the result of leaving "Proper and Improper Forcing" on my nightstand by accident. Is the statement "Namba forcing is semiproper" known to be equiconsistent with some more standard ...
4
votes
1answer
175 views

Can a Measureable Cardinal Become the Least Weakly Compact Cardinal in a Forcing Extension?

I am trying to establish whether it is consistent that some property holds at the least weakly compact cardinal. I know that the property holds at measureables. Hence (hoping everything else goes ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Do there exist projective realcompact covers?

In 1958 Gleason [1] constructed projective covers in the category of compact Hausdorff spaces. These may be characterized in many ways. One description that is most interesting to me: $p:EX\to X$ is a ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

What “forces” us to accept large cardinal axioms?

Large cardinal axioms are not provable using usual mathematical tools (developed in $\text{ZFC}$). Their non-existence is consistent with axioms of usual mathematics. It is provable that some of ...
10
votes
2answers
595 views

Questions about Prikry forcing and Cohen forcing

I have some questions. The first one is about the product of Prikry's forcing. Let $\kappa$ be a measurable cardinal, $U_1, U_2$ be normal measures on $\kappa$ and let $\mathbb{P}_{U_1}, ...
9
votes
1answer
292 views

Inner model in which every uncountable cardinal is large

The following is known: $(*)$ If $0^\sharp$ exists, then any uncountable cardinal is is an inaccessible cardinal (and even more) in $L$. My question is that: Are there any large cardinal ...
4
votes
0answers
186 views

$\infty$-Borel Determinacy?

An $\infty$-Borel set is a set $X\subseteq\mathbb{R}$ which has an $\infty$-Borel code - a set $r$ coding the construction of $X$ via open sets, complementation, and well-ordered unions (see ...
10
votes
0answers
249 views

cardinals below the critical point of a generic embedding

This may be an easy question. Are the cardinals below the critical point of a precipitous ideal embedding always absolute between the generic ultrapower and the generic extension? To focus on the ...
5
votes
1answer
215 views

$\omega$ universally Baire sets, tree representations

I've recently encountered the notion of a universally Baire set, and I've tried to look at the paper by Feng, Magidor and Woodin where this notion is studied. There are several points that confuse me. ...
6
votes
1answer
214 views

regularity of ultrafilters

An ultrafilter $U$ is $(\mu,\kappa)$-regular if there is a sequence $\langle X_\alpha : \alpha < \kappa \rangle \subseteq U$ such that for all $y \in [\kappa]^\mu$, $\bigcap_{\alpha \in y} X_\alpha ...
13
votes
0answers
566 views

Souslin trees and weakly compact cardinals

In Souslin trees on the first inaccessible cardinal it is asked if it is consistent that there are no $\kappa-$Souslin trees at the least inaccessible cardinal $\kappa$. In this question I would like ...
10
votes
2answers
426 views

Does there exist a supercompactness theorem?

Large cardinals such as weakly compact cardinals, measurable cardinals, strongly compact cardinals, and extendible cardinals all can be characterized in terms of a certain compactness theorem of ...
5
votes
0answers
114 views

A result of Steel on characterizing lightface pointclasses

In the article Projectively wellordered inner models, Steel proves the following theorem (4.12): Theorem: Let $n < \omega$ and suppose $\mathcal{M}_n^{\sharp}$ exists. Let ...
5
votes
2answers
180 views

Can we have a $\kappa$-Suslin tree where $\kappa$ is above a measurable cardinal?

Question: Can we have a set theory in which there exists a $\kappa$-Suslin tree with $\kappa$ larger than the least measurable cardinal? A $\kappa$-Suslin tree is a tree with levels indexed by ...
-2
votes
1answer
155 views

is the existence of an inaccessible cardinal stronger than just CON(ZFC)? [closed]

is it even stronger than that ZFC has a transtitive model?
-2
votes
1answer
136 views

what's the limit of cardinals can be proved to exist in ZFC

what is the smallest cardinal k can not be proved to exist in ZFC?And what is the smallest cardinal k ,that the existence of k can imply CON(ZFC)?
5
votes
1answer
246 views

Woodin Cardinals and Inner Models

I have a few questions I have been thinking about that I could definitely use some insights on: Question 1. Since a Woodin cardinal is a "local" notion, defined with respect to some rank-initial ...
2
votes
0answers
105 views

Does the Lévy collapse obey this nice characterization? [duplicate]

This question is related to an issue in my answer to Monroe Eskew's question on the failure of Cantor-Bernstein for the Lévy collapse. Question. Is the Lévy collapse $\text{Coll}(\omega,\lt\kappa)$ ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Property of $L$ Relating to Reflection

The idea of the question is whether it is ever possible that $L$ is so nice in the sense that $\{L_\alpha\}$ does not incorrectly "guess" a bigger inaccessible than $L$ really has, as long as ...
1
vote
3answers
293 views

Can the structure of an ultrafilter determine the structure of its ultrapower?

Usually we work with ultrafilters as pure sets without any structure. Q1. Is there any important notion of structure on an ultrafilter? Q2. Is there any non-trivial notion of structure on ...
7
votes
2answers
292 views

What is the shape of large cardinal tree in implication strength order?

There are two natural orders on large cardinal axioms. (a) Consistency strength order $\sigma \leq_C \theta \Longleftrightarrow ZFC\vdash Con(ZFC+\theta)\longrightarrow Con(ZFC+\sigma)$ (b) ...
6
votes
2answers
249 views

Weakly Compact Cardinal and Iterability

In $\textit{Set Theory}$ by Jech 1978 edition, in the proof of Lemma 32.5 which you can hopefully see at the Google book link. In the course of the proof using the tree property, he produces from any ...
4
votes
1answer
492 views

Origin of “Woodin cardinal”

Sorry if this is a completely stupid question (I'm a not a set-theorist, though I've been doing some reading in the subject), but I was wondering, specifically, about the exact provenance of the name. ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

What does the set of cardinals admitting a k-additive measure look like?

Consider an infinite cardinal $\kappa$. Is it the case that the existence of a $\kappa$-additive measure on some infinite set implies the existence of such a measure on every infinite set of size ...
15
votes
1answer
892 views

Gödel's Constructible Universe in Infinitary Logics (A Possible Approach to HOD Problem)

Gödel's constructible universe ($L$) is defined using definable power set operator in first order logic ($\mathcal{L}_{\omega ,\omega}$). One can produce such a universe in infinitary logics in ...