The laplacian tag has no usage guidance.

**16**

votes

**1**answer

403 views

### Avoiding integers in the spectrum of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface

Let $\Sigma^2$ be an orientable compact surface of genus $gen(\Sigma)\geq2$, and denote by $\mathcal M(\Sigma)$ the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma$, i.e., Riemannian metrics of constant ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### High multiplicity eigenvalue implies symmetry?

It is well known that on any compact Riemannian symmetric space $X$, the eigenvalues of the Laplacian have very high multiplicity (comparable with the Weyl bound), and the resulting actions ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

616 views

### Can the Laplace operator on $n-$ manifolds be represented as a sum of $n$ second order derivational operators

EDIT: According to some comments on this post I revise the title to remove the misunderestanding.
Assume that $M$ is a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. The natural Laplace operator associated ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

398 views

### Weyl's law on asymptotic of Laplacian vs Hilbert's theorem on degree of a projective variety

Hi,
Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. Define
the integer-valued function $N(k)$ to be the number of eigenvalues of the Laplacian on $M$
which are less than or equal to $k$. ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

296 views

### First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on a regular polygon

Consider the Laplacian eigenvalue problem $-\Delta u = \lambda u$ on $\Omega$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions. Let $\lambda_1$ denote the first eigenvalue. The following theorem is well known:
...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### heat kernel on n-sphere

I'm interested in diffusion, a.k.a. the heat kernel driven by the Laplace-Beltrami operator, on the $n$-dimensional sphere. There are lots of bounds showing that, for small times, it behaves in a way ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### The first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space

What is the exact value of the first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space viewed as $SU(n+1)/S(U(1)\times U(n))$?

**9**

votes

**3**answers

426 views

### Are these three different notions of a graph Laplacian?

I seem to see three different things that are being called the Laplacian of a graph,
One is the matrix $L_1 = D - A$ where $D$ is a diagonal matrix consisting of degrees of all the vertices and $A$ ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

363 views

### Behavior of the spectrum of the Laplacian under pointed smooth convergence

The Laplacian on a compact Riemannian manifold has a discrete spectrum. For example on a circle of perimeter $L$ the $n$-th eigenvalue starting at $0$ is $-\lambda_n = -(2\pi/L)^2 n^2$.
On the other ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

361 views

### Lower bound on the first eigenvalue of the Laplace-Beltrami on a closed Riemannian manifold

It has been proved by Li-Yau and Zhong-Yang that if $M$ is a closed Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$ with nonnegative Ricci curvature, then the first nonzero eigenvalue $\lambda_1(M)$ of the ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

347 views

### Spectrum of Dirichlet Laplacian on a Parallelogram

Let $ M \subset \mathbb{R}^2 $ be parallelogram constructed by putting together two equilateral triangles (so that all sides of the parallelogram have length 1, and the internal angles are 60 and ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

833 views

### Characterize where the Dirichlet Problem for the Laplacian is always solvable

Conway's 1978 textbook Functions of One Complex Variable I gives an unsatisfying characterization of the regions for which the Dirichlet Problem can always be solved, and then comments no cleaner ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

263 views

### Eigenfunctions restricted on closed geodesics

Consider the flat torus $T^2=\frac{\mathbb{R}^2}{l_1\mathbb{Z}\oplus l_2\mathbb{Z}}$. It is easy to see that the eigenvalues of the Laplacian on torus, $-\frac{\partial^2}{\partial ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

347 views

### Criteria for Positivity of Pseudoddifferential Operators on Manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian Manifold and $L^2$ the Hilbert space given by the volume form associated to the metric. Let $L_0^2$ be the subspace which is orthogonal to the constant functions. When is ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

643 views

### Adjoint of a Connection Using the Hodge Map?

For a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ with exterior derivative d, the codifferential d$^\ast$ is defined to be the unique map for which
$$
g(\omega,d\omega') = g(d^* \omega,\omega'), ~~~ \omega,\omega' ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Eigenvectors and partitions of graphs

Let G be an undirected graph with the node set $V$ and the Laplacian matrix $L$. Let $N(v)$ denote the neighbors of a node $v$ and $|N(v)|$ its degree. Then a partition $\pi=(V_1, V_2, \ldots, V_k)$ ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

961 views

### First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on Berger spheres

Consider the Hopf fibrations $S^1\to S^{2n+1}\to CP^n$ and $S^3\to S^{4n+3}\to HP^n$. These are Riemannian submersions with totally geodesic fibers. Consider now their canonical variations (the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

444 views

### First nonzero eigenvalue of the Laplacian on the submanifold

Consider a compact, connected $n$ dimensional Riemmanian manifold $\mathcal{N}$ and its $m$ dimensional closed submanifold $\mathcal{M}$ (with the metric coming from from the one defined on ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

304 views

### Fractional Laplacian and stereographic projection

The ordinary Laplacian on $\mathbb{R}^N$ behaves nicely under a stereographic projection onto $\mathbb{S}^N\setminus\{P\}$. (Here $P$ is either the north or south pole of the unit sphere ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### Analysis of the Laplacian of a random bipartite graph

My analysis of an engineering problem reduced to analysis of the Laplacian of a (random) bipartite graph. There are a few particular questions I am interested in, but not sure which direction to take ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

295 views

### Laplace-Beltrami operator on a Lie group

For an arbitrary Lie group, is it always possible to chose a left-invariant Riemannian metric such that the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ is given by
$$\Delta f = \delta^{i j} X_i X_j f$$
for ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

818 views

### Growth of Laplacian eigenvalues on a compact domain?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $\Delta$ be the (scalar) Laplace-Beltrami operator on $\\mathcal{M}$. Then $\Delta$ has a discrete spectrum and if we order its distinct ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

315 views

### Fundamental solution of Discrete Laplace in the plane

We consider a discretization of the Laplace operator on $\mathbb Z^2$, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discrete_Laplace_operator
Then, it is natural to consider its fundamental solution $u$, i.e. ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Eigenvalues of Laplacian

What's the most natural way to establish the asymptotics of $\Delta$ on a compact Riemannian manifold $M$ of dimension $N$? The asymptotics should be
$$ \#\{v < A^2\} = ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

888 views

### How to construct a scalar differential operator having the same spectrum as a non-scalar differential operator exploiting symmetries?

I am interested in eigenvalue problems for differential operators acting on one forms on closed two-dimensional manifolds and how they relate to eigenvalue problems of associated operators acting on ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

502 views

### laplace equation on manifolds with boundary

in aubin's book on page 104 theorem 4.7 there is the theorem: Let $(M,g)$ be a compact $C^{\infty}$ Riemannian manifold. There exists a weak solution $\varphi \in H_{1}$ of $\Delta \varphi = f $ if ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

628 views

### Multiplicity of eigenvalues of the Laplacian on quaternionic projective space

Using the classic spherical harmonics theory, one obtains the $k$-th eigenvalue of the $n$-dimensional round sphere $S^n$ to be $k(k+n-1)$, and its multiplicity is $\binom{n+k}{k}-\binom{n+k-1}{k-1}$, ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

215 views

### Probabilistic Interpretation of First Dirichlet Eigenvalue?

The first Dirichlet eigenvalue of a compact domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary is the smallest positive number for which there exists a non-trivial solution to
$$
-\Delta\psi = ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

659 views

### Courant nodal domain Theorem for sums of eigenfunctions?

Courant's nodal domain theorem gives a bound on the number of nodal domains for an eigenfunction of the Laplacian. Namely, if $M$ is a smooth compact Riemannian manifold, and $f$ is an eigenfunction ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

371 views

### About the quantum spectrum of a certain potential.

Intuitively one understands that if one is solving the Schroedinger's equation for energies $E$ such that $\{ x \vert U(x)\leq E \}$ is compact (..is there a weaker criteria?..) then the spectrum ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### How to prove that the Laplace oparator of the Heisenberg group is sub-elliptic?

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law
$$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$
For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

299 views

### Sequence of graphs with small $\lambda_1$ (the smallest nonzero eigenvalue of a regular finite graph)

The combinatorial laplacian on a finite graph $G$ can be defined as $ \Delta: \mathbb{C}^G \to \mathbb{C}^G$ sending the function $f:G \to \mathbb{C}$ to $(\Delta f)(v) = \sum_{v' \sim v} \big( ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

602 views

### Exotic spectrum of Laplace operator

Given a closed Riemannian manifold and a generalized Laplace $\Delta$ operator,
it is well known that $\Delta$ has discrete spectrum $(\lambda_n)_n$ (arranged in a increasing way, not counting ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

416 views

### Closed formula for heat kernel

Is there, similar to the Mehler kernel, a closed formula for the heat kernel of the heat equation associated to the Laplacian
$$ -\sum_j \frac{d^2}{dx_j^2} + 2\sqrt{-1} \sum_j \lambda_j \frac{d}{dx_j} ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Boundaries of the eigenvalues of a symmetric matrix (or of its Lapacian)

Given the adjacency matrix $A_{ij}$ of a graph with $N$ vertices and $M$ links (or any binary symmetric matrix of size $N \times N$), is it possible to establish lower and upper boundaries of its ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

503 views

### What is the Weitzenböck formula for the $\bar\partial$-Laplacian

It is well-known that the Weitzenböck formula for the real Laplacian is
$$\frac12 Δ|∇f|2=|Hessf|2+⟨∇f,∇Δf⟩+Ricci(∇f,∇f)$$
where $Hess$ denotes the Hessian tensor of $f$. and $\nabla f$ denotes the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

347 views

### How does a quasi-isometry affect Poisson or Martin boundaries?

Take two graphs (of bounded valency) or manifolds (f bounded geometry) $G$ and $G'$. Assume there is a quasi-isometry $f:G \to G'$, and assume the Poisson or Martin boundary of $G$ is known, what may ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Divisibility Relation for Spanning Trees of a Graph

Let $A = \big[{1\ 1\atop 1\ 0}\big]$, and let $G_n$ be the graph whose adjacency matrix is
$A^{\otimes n}$. Also let $\kappa(G)$ denote the number of spanning trees of $G$. From a significant amount ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Integral kernel for the resolvent of the laplace operator

Consider the Laplace operator defined in the biggest possible subset of $L^2(\mathbb{R}^2)$ and let $z \in \mathbb{C}\backslash\mathbb{R}$. Therefore $z \notin \sigma (\Delta)$ the spectrum of ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

148 views

### Show that the Laplacian operator on the Heisenberg group is negative

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law
$$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$
For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Laplace-Beltrami and averaging

For a Riemannian manifold $M$ with metric $g$ and Laplace-Beltrami operator $-\Delta_{g}$, what conditions on $M$ guarantee that $-\Delta_{g} u(x)$ measures the difference between $u(x)$ and the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

498 views

### Relation between the de Rham and Hodge Laplacians on the Exterior Algebra

For a Kahler manifold $M$ we have two well-known Laplacians: the de Rham Laplacian $\Delta_{\text{d}} = ($d$ + $d$^\ast)^2$, and the Dolbeault Laplacian $\Delta_{\overline{\partial}} = ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

711 views

### Lower bound on the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface with constant negative scalar curvature

A friend in physics asked this question, and I didn't know the answer.
Are there lower bounds on the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface equipped with a metric of constant negative ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Gagliardo Nirenberg inequality for the laplacian

It is a classical result due to Gagliardo and Nirenberg that there exists a constant C such that it holds
$$
||\nabla \psi|| _{L ^\infty (\mathbb{R}^2)} ^2
\le ||D ^2 \psi|| _{L ^\infty ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

222 views

### The Periodic Schrödinger Group

I've been working on Bourgain's paper 'Moment inequalities for trigonometric polynomials with spectrum in curved hypersurfaces' for my Master's thesis and everything was going great until I reached ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

181 views

### Limits for eigenvalues for the Dirichlet Laplacian

If $\Omega$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $\lambda(\Omega)$ be an eigenvalue of the problem
$$
\begin{cases}
-\Delta u=\lambda u & \mbox{in }\Omega\\
u=0 & \mbox{on ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

420 views

### Calculating a generalized inverse (Moore–Penrose pseudoinverse)

I am considering a graph with $n$ edges with the following nicely structured adjacency matrix:
\begin{equation}
A_n=
\begin{pmatrix}
0 & 0 & 0 &\cdots & 0 & 0 & 1\\
0 & 0 ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Graph Laplacian simple eigenvalues

Is there a class of graphs (besides the path graphs) for which we know that the Laplacian L = D - A (where D is the degree matrix and A is the adjacency matrix) has simple spectrum, i.e. all Laplacian ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

159 views

### Boundedness of Solutions to $\Delta u = f u$ on $R^2$

Consider the Laplacian $\Delta = d/dx^2 + d/dy^2$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$.
This is true: Let $f$ be a nonnegative function, not identically zero. Then any positive solution of $\Delta u = f u$ is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Functional equations for spectral zeta function

Functional equation in the theory of zeta functions is one of the important components of this theory.
I am interested to know whether the similar property, having functional equation, for the ...