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18
votes
1answer
446 views

Avoiding integers in the spectrum of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface

Let $\Sigma^2$ be an orientable compact surface of genus $gen(\Sigma)\geq2$, and denote by $\mathcal M(\Sigma)$ the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma$, i.e., Riemannian metrics of constant ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

High multiplicity eigenvalue implies symmetry?

It is well known that on any compact Riemannian symmetric space $X$, the eigenvalues of the Laplacian have very high multiplicity (comparable with the Weyl bound), and the resulting actions $\...
14
votes
3answers
659 views

Can the Laplace operator on $n-$ manifolds be represented as a sum of $n$ second order derivational operators

EDIT: According to some comments on this post I revise the title to remove the misunderestanding. Assume that $M$ is a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. The natural Laplace operator associated ...
14
votes
1answer
428 views

Weyl's law on asymptotic of Laplacian vs Hilbert's theorem on degree of a projective variety

Hi, Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. Define the integer-valued function $N(k)$ to be the number of eigenvalues of the Laplacian on $M$ which are less than or equal to $k$. ...
10
votes
2answers
375 views

First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on a regular polygon

Consider the Laplacian eigenvalue problem $-\Delta u = \lambda u$ on $\Omega$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions. Let $\lambda_1$ denote the first eigenvalue. The following theorem is well known: (...
10
votes
1answer
377 views

heat kernel on n-sphere

I'm interested in diffusion, a.k.a. the heat kernel driven by the Laplace-Beltrami operator, on the $n$-dimensional sphere. There are lots of bounds showing that, for small times, it behaves in a way ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

The first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space

What is the exact value of the first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space viewed as $SU(n+1)/S(U(1)\times U(n))$?
9
votes
3answers
462 views

Are these three different notions of a graph Laplacian?

I seem to see three different things that are being called the Laplacian of a graph, One is the matrix $L_1 = D - A$ where $D$ is a diagonal matrix consisting of degrees of all the vertices and $A$ ...
9
votes
2answers
377 views

Behavior of the spectrum of the Laplacian under pointed smooth convergence

The Laplacian on a compact Riemannian manifold has a discrete spectrum. For example on a circle of perimeter $L$ the $n$-th eigenvalue starting at $0$ is $-\lambda_n = -(2\pi/L)^2 n^2$. On the other ...
9
votes
3answers
411 views

Spectrum of Dirichlet Laplacian on a Parallelogram

Let $ M \subset \mathbb{R}^2 $ be parallelogram constructed by putting together two equilateral triangles (so that all sides of the parallelogram have length 1, and the internal angles are 60 and 120)....
9
votes
2answers
885 views

Characterize where the Dirichlet Problem for the Laplacian is always solvable

Conway's 1978 textbook Functions of One Complex Variable I gives an unsatisfying characterization of the regions for which the Dirichlet Problem can always be solved, and then comments no cleaner ...
8
votes
2answers
412 views

Lower bound on the first eigenvalue of the Laplace-Beltrami on a closed Riemannian manifold

It has been proved by Li-Yau and Zhong-Yang that if $M$ is a closed Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$ with nonnegative Ricci curvature, then the first nonzero eigenvalue $\lambda_1(M)$ of the (...
8
votes
1answer
363 views

Why should the map $-\Delta^{-1}$ be continuous?

I'm reading an article by Wei-Ming Ni about the existence of solutions for the elliptic problem $$\Delta u +|x|^\lambda |u|^\tau =0,$$ in the unit ball $\Omega$ in dimension $>2$. I'm looking for ...
7
votes
1answer
278 views

Eigenfunctions restricted on closed geodesics

Consider the flat torus $T^2=\frac{\mathbb{R}^2}{l_1\mathbb{Z}\oplus l_2\mathbb{Z}}$. It is easy to see that the eigenvalues of the Laplacian on torus, $-\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2}-\frac{\partial^...
7
votes
3answers
369 views

Criteria for Positivity of Pseudoddifferential Operators on Manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian Manifold and $L^2$ the Hilbert space given by the volume form associated to the metric. Let $L_0^2$ be the subspace which is orthogonal to the constant functions. When is ...
7
votes
2answers
691 views

Adjoint of a Connection Using the Hodge Map?

For a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ with exterior derivative d, the codifferential d$^\ast$ is defined to be the unique map for which $$ g(\omega,d\omega') = g(d^* \omega,\omega'), ~~~ \omega,\omega' \...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Eigenvectors and partitions of graphs

Let G be an undirected graph with the node set $V$ and the Laplacian matrix $L$. Let $N(v)$ denote the neighbors of a node $v$ and $|N(v)|$ its degree. Then a partition $\pi=(V_1, V_2, \ldots, V_k)$ ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on Berger spheres

Consider the Hopf fibrations $S^1\to S^{2n+1}\to CP^n$ and $S^3\to S^{4n+3}\to HP^n$. These are Riemannian submersions with totally geodesic fibers. Consider now their canonical variations (the so-...
6
votes
1answer
454 views

First nonzero eigenvalue of the Laplacian on the submanifold

Consider a compact, connected $n$ dimensional Riemmanian manifold $\mathcal{N}$ and its $m$ dimensional closed submanifold $\mathcal{M}$ (with the metric coming from from the one defined on $\mathcal{...
6
votes
1answer
349 views

Fractional Laplacian and stereographic projection

The ordinary Laplacian on $\mathbb{R}^N$ behaves nicely under a stereographic projection onto $\mathbb{S}^N\setminus\{P\}$. (Here $P$ is either the north or south pole of the unit sphere $\mathbb{S}^N$...
6
votes
1answer
135 views

Analysis of the Laplacian of a random bipartite graph

My analysis of an engineering problem reduced to analysis of the Laplacian of a (random) bipartite graph. There are a few particular questions I am interested in, but not sure which direction to take ...
6
votes
1answer
395 views

Laplace-Beltrami operator on a Lie group

For an arbitrary Lie group, is it always possible to chose a left-invariant Riemannian metric such that the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ is given by $$\Delta f = \delta^{i j} X_i X_j f$$ for ...
6
votes
0answers
104 views

How to prove that the Laplace oparator of the Heisenberg group is sub-elliptic?

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law $$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$ For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...
5
votes
1answer
880 views

Growth of Laplacian eigenvalues on a compact domain?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $\Delta$ be the (scalar) Laplace-Beltrami operator on $\\mathcal{M}$. Then $\Delta$ has a discrete spectrum and if we order its distinct ...
5
votes
3answers
332 views

Fundamental solution of Discrete Laplace in the plane

We consider a discretization of the Laplace operator on $\mathbb Z^2$, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discrete_Laplace_operator Then, it is natural to consider its fundamental solution $u$, i.e. $|u(x)...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Eigenvalues of Laplacian

What's the most natural way to establish the asymptotics of $\Delta$ on a compact Riemannian manifold $M$ of dimension $N$? The asymptotics should be $$ \#\{v < A^2\} = \mathrm{const}\ast\mathrm{...
5
votes
1answer
550 views

laplace equation on manifolds with boundary

in aubin's book on page 104 theorem 4.7 there is the theorem: Let $(M,g)$ be a compact $C^{\infty}$ Riemannian manifold. There exists a weak solution $\varphi \in H_{1}$ of $\Delta \varphi = f $ if ...
5
votes
1answer
910 views

How to construct a scalar differential operator having the same spectrum as a non-scalar differential operator exploiting symmetries?

I am interested in eigenvalue problems for differential operators acting on one forms on closed two-dimensional manifolds and how they relate to eigenvalue problems of associated operators acting on ...
5
votes
1answer
665 views

Multiplicity of eigenvalues of the Laplacian on quaternionic projective space

Using the classic spherical harmonics theory, one obtains the $k$-th eigenvalue of the $n$-dimensional round sphere $S^n$ to be $k(k+n-1)$, and its multiplicity is $\binom{n+k}{k}-\binom{n+k-1}{k-1}$, ...
5
votes
2answers
224 views

Probabilistic Interpretation of First Dirichlet Eigenvalue?

The first Dirichlet eigenvalue of a compact domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary is the smallest positive number for which there exists a non-trivial solution to $$ -\Delta\psi = \...
5
votes
1answer
741 views

Courant nodal domain Theorem for sums of eigenfunctions?

Courant's nodal domain theorem gives a bound on the number of nodal domains for an eigenfunction of the Laplacian. Namely, if $M$ is a smooth compact Riemannian manifold, and $f$ is an eigenfunction ...
5
votes
1answer
373 views

About the quantum spectrum of a certain potential.

Intuitively one understands that if one is solving the Schroedinger's equation for energies $E$ such that $\{ x \vert U(x)\leq E \}$ is compact (..is there a weaker criteria?..) then the spectrum ...
5
votes
0answers
304 views

Sequence of graphs with small $\lambda_1$ (the smallest nonzero eigenvalue of a regular finite graph)

The combinatorial laplacian on a finite graph $G$ can be defined as $ \Delta: \mathbb{C}^G \to \mathbb{C}^G$ sending the function $f:G \to \mathbb{C}$ to $(\Delta f)(v) = \sum_{v' \sim v} \big( f(v)-f(...
4
votes
2answers
286 views

Create a graph with a specified number of spanning trees

I read that one of the current challenging problems in mathematics is constructing a minimal graph with a specified number of spanning trees (say, $k$). However, is there a quick way to create some ...
4
votes
2answers
619 views

Exotic spectrum of Laplace operator

Given a closed Riemannian manifold and a generalized Laplace $\Delta$ operator, it is well known that $\Delta$ has discrete spectrum $(\lambda_n)_n$ (arranged in a increasing way, not counting ...
4
votes
2answers
425 views

Closed formula for heat kernel

Is there, similar to the Mehler kernel, a closed formula for the heat kernel of the heat equation associated to the Laplacian $$ -\sum_j \frac{d^2}{dx_j^2} + 2\sqrt{-1} \sum_j \lambda_j \frac{d}{dx_j} ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Boundaries of the eigenvalues of a symmetric matrix (or of its Lapacian)

Given the adjacency matrix $A_{ij}$ of a graph with $N$ vertices and $M$ links (or any binary symmetric matrix of size $N \times N$), is it possible to establish lower and upper boundaries of its ...
4
votes
2answers
371 views

How does a quasi-isometry affect Poisson or Martin boundaries?

Take two graphs (of bounded valency) or manifolds (f bounded geometry) $G$ and $G'$. Assume there is a quasi-isometry $f:G \to G'$, and assume the Poisson or Martin boundary of $G$ is known, what may ...
4
votes
2answers
536 views

What is the Weitzenböck formula for the $\bar\partial$-Laplacian

It is well-known that the Weitzenböck formula for the real Laplacian is $$\frac12 Δ|∇f|2=|Hessf|2+⟨∇f,∇Δf⟩+Ricci(∇f,∇f)$$ where $Hess$ denotes the Hessian tensor of $f$. and $\nabla f$ denotes the ...
4
votes
1answer
184 views

Divisibility Relation for Spanning Trees of a Graph

Let $A = \big[{1\ 1\atop 1\ 0}\big]$, and let $G_n$ be the graph whose adjacency matrix is $A^{\otimes n}$. Also let $\kappa(G)$ denote the number of spanning trees of $G$. From a significant amount ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Integral kernel for the resolvent of the laplace operator

Consider the Laplace operator defined in the biggest possible subset of $L^2(\mathbb{R}^2)$ and let $z \in \mathbb{C}\backslash\mathbb{R}$. Therefore $z \notin \sigma (\Delta)$ the spectrum of $\Delta$...
4
votes
2answers
111 views

The square root of Laplacian with nonconstant coefficent

I am still a newbie to $\Psi$DO-Operators. As far as i understood, one can easily compute the square root of the Laplace operator $\Delta$ by $$(-\Delta)^{1/2} \ u=\mathcal{F}^{-1}(\|\xi\| \widehat{u}...
4
votes
3answers
201 views

Show that the Laplacian operator on the Heisenberg group is negative

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law $$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$ For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...
4
votes
1answer
179 views

Laplace-Beltrami and averaging

For a Riemannian manifold $M$ with metric $g$ and Laplace-Beltrami operator $-\Delta_{g}$, what conditions on $M$ guarantee that $-\Delta_{g} u(x)$ measures the difference between $u(x)$ and the ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

Difference between the Laplacian and the sub-Laplacian of a Lie group

Given a Lie group $G$, what is the difference between the Laplacian $\Delta$ and the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}$ of $G$. And what are the properties that we lose when going from sub-Laplace to ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

Functional equations for spectral zeta function

Functional equation in the theory of zeta functions is one of the important components of this theory. I am interested to know whether the similar property, having functional equation, for the ...
4
votes
1answer
211 views

The complex heat kernel on a Riemann manifold

There is a vast literature available for the heat kernel. Nevertheless, I haven't been able to find almost anything useful about the kernel of the equation $\frac{1}{\mathbb{i}} \frac{\partial u}{\...
4
votes
1answer
216 views

Hodge decomposition for Bott-Chern cohomology

$\DeclareMathOperator{im}{im}$ I want to prove that Bott-Chern cohomology group $H^{p,q}_{BC}=\frac{\ker\partial\cap \ker\bar{\partial}}{\im\partial\bar{\partial}}$ has finite dimension via Hodge ...
3
votes
1answer
525 views

Relation between the de Rham and Hodge Laplacians on the Exterior Algebra

For a Kahler manifold $M$ we have two well-known Laplacians: the de Rham Laplacian $\Delta_{\text{d}} = ($d$ + $d$^\ast)^2$, and the Dolbeault Laplacian $\Delta_{\overline{\partial}} = (\overline{\...
3
votes
2answers
761 views

Lower bound on the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface with constant negative scalar curvature

A friend in physics asked this question, and I didn't know the answer. Are there lower bounds on the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface equipped with a metric of constant negative ...