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6
votes
0answers
98 views

How to prove that the Laplace oparator of the Heisenberg group is sub-elliptic?

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law $$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$ For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...
5
votes
0answers
303 views

Sequence of graphs with small $\lambda_1$ (the smallest nonzero eigenvalue of a regular finite graph)

The combinatorial laplacian on a finite graph $G$ can be defined as $ \Delta: \mathbb{C}^G \to \mathbb{C}^G$ sending the function $f:G \to \mathbb{C}$ to $(\Delta f)(v) = \sum_{v' \sim v} \big( ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Eigenspaces of the Laplace operator on a unit ball

I am interested in structures of the eigenspaces of the Laplace operator on the $n$-dimensional unit ball with Neumann or Dirichlet boundary conditions as representations of the special orthogonal ...
3
votes
0answers
106 views

Spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a domain of finite volume in the hyperbolic space $H^n$

What is known about the ($L^2$) spectrum of the minus Laplace-Beltrami operator ($- \Delta$) with zero boundary conditions on $B =H^n/\Gamma$, where $H^n$ is $n$-dimensional hyperbolic space ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

Spectral theory of differential forms over a circle bundle

Here is the set up : I consider the unitary tangent bundle of a surface $(S,g)$ endowed with the Sasakian metric ; $(T^1S, g_s)$, in fact we have the following fibration : \begin{equation*} ...
3
votes
0answers
127 views

Worst-Case Solution to (Stochastic) Matrix Inequality

EDIT: Some specific conjectures added. This problem comes with an associated stochastic process, but I phrase everything as linear algebra in case somebody from a non-probability community has seen ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

What is the significance of the median eigenvalue?

When I look at the spectral density plots of my (usual) laplacian graphs, they spike at the median eigenvalue. But what significance for the graph/matrix (which originates from a network) does the ...
2
votes
0answers
108 views

Laplace-Beltrami of the Gauss map

Let $M$ be a surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ given by a regular chart, say $X:M \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$, with its first fundamental form $g$, Gauss map $N$, Gaussian curvature $K$ and mean curvature ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Estimate for the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian

I was studying the paper of S. T. Yau - Seminar on Differential Geometry - and there asks if the first eigenvalue is equal to $ n $, if we have a embedded oriented Riemannian manifold and closed ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Obstructions for existence of a Riemannian metric such that a given function is harmonic

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^{n}\to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function. What type of obstructions exist for existence of a Riemannian metric $g$ on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ such that $f$ is a harmonic ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Effect of removing a Hamiltonian cycle on the Laplacian spectrum

Notation: $\lambda_{\max}(G)$ is the largest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of the graph $G$ (aka the Laplacian index of $G$). Now suppose $G$ is a Hamiltonian graph with Hamiltonian cycle $C$. ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

non-symmetric weak diagonal-dominant matrix, no decoupling: (a) is positive semi-definite? (b) has dim(ker)=1?

We are considering a matrix $A=(a_{ij})_{i,j=1,\ldots,d}\in\mathbb{R}^{d\times d}$ with the following property: $a_{ii}=-\sum_{j\neq i}a_{ij}$, i.e. the matrix is not only weak diagonal-dominant, but ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 $ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic?

I want to know why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}= X^2 + Y^2$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 = \mathbb C \times \mathbb R$ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic, where $X$ and $Y$ are the left-invariant ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Laplace eigenvalue and floer theory

I'm trying to study the spectrum operator via Floer Theory. The idea is to consider the Rayleigh quotient as an operator on the Hilbert space $W^{1,2}$ and to study it's negative gradient flow. Any ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

An H2 estimate for Helmholtz equation

How to show the following statement? Let $\Omega$ be a bounded Lipschitz convex domain. If $u$ satisfies the following equation, $$ -\Delta u - k^2 u = f \quad\mbox{ in }\Omega \\ \nabla u ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Lp norm estimates for the inverse of the Laplacian on a graph

I am looking at a finite connected graph and I would like to know what is the best [i.e. largest] constant $\lambda_p$ in $$ \sum_x f(x) =0 \implies \| \Delta^{-1} f\|_{\ell^p} \leq \lambda_p^{-1} ...
1
vote
0answers
193 views

Bounds on smallest Eigenvalue of the Sum of a Standard Laplacian and a Diagonal Matrix

I'm trying to find upper boundaries on the smallest Eigenvalue $\lambda_1$ of $L + E$, where $L$ is a standard Laplacian of an unweighted digraph, with $\lambda_1(L) = 0$ and $E \in \{0,1\}^{n \times ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Basic doubt in a free boundary problem for the Laplacian

I am studying the following article : http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/12/87/60/PDF/fbpLaplacian.pdf In this article the authors considers $K \subset \{ x \in R^n ; x_1 = 0 \}$ a smooth, ...
1
vote
0answers
184 views

Laplacian of a hypersurface

I am probably making some very annoying mistake but for whatever it is worth let me ask it here. Consider a hypersurface $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Let $\nu$ be the unit outward normal. Let ...
1
vote
0answers
164 views

When does the effective concentration of measure does not occour on a Riemmanian manifold?

Introduction Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a compact $m$ - dimensional Riemmanian manifold with normalized measure $\mu$ (derived from the metric). It is know that in this setting we have concentration ...
1
vote
0answers
208 views

Graph Laplacian to Continuous version

Has there been a study of vector laplacian that is a continuous version of a graph laplacian? Is there a good introduction to the topic?
0
votes
0answers
154 views

Solving gradient of an especial heat equation

In my research I came up with a gradient of heat equation on a edge-weighted graph as: \begin{equation*} \nabla_w T_t(t,w) + T(t,w) . \nabla_w L_w + L_w . \nabla_w T(t,w) = 0 \end{equation*} where ...
0
votes
0answers
251 views

Heat equation with graph laplacian

I would like to start with considering the time-dependent heat equation on a connected graph and consider its Laplacian matrix. Suppose we have a connected graph with unknown temperature on vertices. ...