The laplacian tag has no wiki summary.

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### Are these three different notions of a graph Laplacian?

I seem to see three different things that are being called the Laplacian of a graph,
One is the matrix $L_1 = D - A$ where $D$ is a diagonal matrix consisting of degrees of all the vertices and $A$ ...

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**0**answers

54 views

### Obstructions for existence of a Riemannian metric such that a given function is harmonic

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^{n}\to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function. What type of obstructions exist for existence of a Riemannian metric $g$ on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ such that $f$ is a harmonic ...

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90 views

### Worst-Case Solution to (Stochastic) Matrix Inequality

EDIT: Some specific conjectures added.
This problem comes with an associated stochastic process, but I phrase everything as linear algebra in case somebody from a non-probability community has seen ...

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**2**answers

99 views

### Does the Laplacian commutes with the indicator function [closed]

We define the laplacian operator $\Delta$ with the Neumann boundary conditions on the space $H^2(\Omega)$, where $\Omega$ is an open set of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with a smooth boundary $\partial\Omega$, and ...

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71 views

### What is the significance of the median eigenvalue?

When I look at the spectral density plots of my (usual) laplacian graphs, they spike at the median eigenvalue. But what significance for the graph/matrix (which originates from a network) does the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### The complex heat kernel on a Riemann manifold

There is a vast literature available for the heat kernel. Nevertheless, I haven't been able to find almost anything useful about the kernel of the equation $\frac{1}{\mathbb{i}} \frac{\partial ...

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votes

**1**answer

359 views

### About the quantum spectrum of a certain potential.

Intuitively one understands that if one is solving the Schroedinger's equation for energies $E$ such that $\{ x \vert U(x)\leq E \}$ is compact (..is there a weaker criteria?..) then the spectrum ...

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votes

**1**answer

294 views

### Paper by Mumford

In the paper of "The spectrum of difference operators and algebraic curves",
by P. van Moerbeke and D. Mumford, Acta Mathematics, vol.143, 1979,
(link: ...

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289 views

### Behavior of the spectrum of the Laplacian under pointed smooth convergence

The Laplacian on a compact Riemannian manifold has a discrete spectrum. For example on a circle of perimeter $L$ the $n$-th eigenvalue starting at $0$ is $-\lambda_n = -(2\pi/L)^2 n^2$.
On the other ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Laplace-Beltrami operator on a Lie group

For an arbitrary Lie group, is it always possible to chose a left-invariant Riemannian metric such that the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ is given by
$$\Delta f = \delta^{i j} X_i X_j f$$
for ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### heat kernel on n-sphere

I'm interested in diffusion, a.k.a. the heat kernel driven by the Laplace-Beltrami operator, on the $n$-dimensional sphere. There are lots of bounds showing that, for small times, it behaves in a way ...

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278 views

### Avoiding integers in the spectrum of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface

Let $\Sigma^2$ be an orientable compact surface of genus $gen(\Sigma)\geq2$, and denote by $\mathcal M(\Sigma)$ the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma$, i.e., Riemannian metrics of constant ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

104 views

### How to model a time-discrete heat equation on a graph?

I would like to know how one can set up a time-discrete model for the heat equation on a graph?
Is this problem using the heat kernel equation on a graph?

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**0**answers

81 views

### Heat equation with graph laplacian

I would like to start with considering the time-dependent heat equation on a connected graph and consider its Laplacian matrix.
Suppose we have a connected graph with unknown temperature on vertices. ...

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votes

**2**answers

195 views

### Probabilistic Interpretation of First Dirichlet Eigenvalue?

The first Dirichlet eigenvalue of a compact domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary is the smallest positive number for which there exists a non-trivial solution to
$$
-\Delta\psi = ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Calculating a generalized inverse (Moore–Penrose pseudoinverse)

I am considering a graph with $n$ edges with the following nicely structured adjacency matrix:
\begin{equation}
A_n=
\begin{pmatrix}
0 & 0 & 0 &\cdots & 0 & 0 & 1\\
0 & 0 ...

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**3**answers

1k views

### Eigenvectors and partitions of graphs

Let G be an undirected graph with the node set $V$ and the Laplacian matrix $L$. Let $N(v)$ denote the neighbors of a node $v$ and $|N(v)|$ its degree. Then a partition $\pi=(V_1, V_2, \ldots, V_k)$ ...

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228 views

### Spectrum of Dirichlet Laplacian on a Parallelogram

Let $ M \subset \mathbb{R}^2 $ be parallelogram constructed by putting together two equilateral triangles (so that all sides of the parallelogram have length 1, and the internal angles are 60 and ...

**0**

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**1**answer

471 views

### Existence of Green's function and the Dirichlet problem

Let $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a bounded domain, and consider the following problem :
$$\left\{ \begin{array}{lcr} -\Delta u = 0 & & \text{in } U, \\ u = g & & \text{on } \partial U, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### positive semidefinite matrix condition

There is a great work of Alizadeh that in section 4 speaks about Minimizing sum of the first few(k-largest) eigenvalues of a symmetric matrix. Instead of a symmetric model we use the weighted ...

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300 views

### Criteria for Positivity of Pseudoddifferential Operators on Manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian Manifold and $L^2$ the Hilbert space given by the volume form associated to the metric. Let $L_0^2$ be the subspace which is orthogonal to the constant functions. When is ...

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### Eigenvalues of Laplacian

What's the most natural way to establish the asymptotics of $\Delta$ on a compact Riemannian manifold $M$ of dimension $N$? The asymptotics should be
$$ \#\{v < A^2\} = ...

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**1**answer

199 views

### Graph Laplacian simple eigenvalues

Is there a class of graphs (besides the path graphs) for which we know that the Laplacian L = D - A (where D is the degree matrix and A is the adjacency matrix) has simple spectrum, i.e. all Laplacian ...

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68 views

### Effect of removing a Hamiltonian cycle on the Laplacian spectrum

Notation: $\lambda_{\max}(G)$ is the largest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of the graph $G$ (aka the Laplacian index of $G$).
Now suppose $G$ is a Hamiltonian graph with Hamiltonian cycle $C$.
...

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148 views

### Boundedness of Solutions to $\Delta u = f u$ on $R^2$

Consider the Laplacian $\Delta = d/dx^2 + d/dy^2$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$.
This is true: Let $f$ be a nonnegative function, not identically zero. Then any positive solution of $\Delta u = f u$ is ...

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**1**answer

174 views

### Divisibility Relation for Spanning Trees of a Graph

Let $A = \big[{1\ 1\atop 1\ 0}\big]$, and let $G_n$ be the graph whose adjacency matrix is
$A^{\otimes n}$. Also let $\kappa(G)$ denote the number of spanning trees of $G$. From a significant amount ...

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votes

**2**answers

206 views

### The Periodic Schrödinger Group

I've been working on Bourgain's paper 'Moment inequalities for trigonometric polynomials with spectrum in curved hypersurfaces' for my Master's thesis and everything was going great until I reached ...

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132 views

### Laplacian of a hypersurface

I am probably making some very annoying mistake but for whatever it is worth let me ask it here.
Consider a hypersurface $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Let $\nu$ be the unit outward normal. Let ...

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**1**answer

503 views

### Courant nodal domain Theorem for sums of eigenfunctions?

Courant's nodal domain theorem gives a bound on the number of nodal domains for an eigenfunction of the Laplacian. Namely, if $M$ is a smooth compact Riemannian manifold, and $f$ is an eigenfunction ...

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375 views

### What is the Weitzenböck formula for the $\bar\partial$-Laplacian

It is well-known that the Weitzenböck formula for the real Laplacian is
$$\frac12 Δ|∇f|2=|Hessf|2+⟨∇f,∇Δf⟩+Ricci(∇f,∇f)$$
where $Hess$ denotes the Hessian tensor of $f$. and $\nabla f$ denotes the ...

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654 views

### How to define Laplacian on $L_2$

This might be a dumb question, but I thought the Laplacian (classical) is defined for $C^2$ functions. How do we extend that to be a self-adjoint operator on all of $L_2$?
Is it the so called ...

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**1**answer

238 views

### Eigenfunctions restricted on closed geodesics

Consider the flat torus $T^2=\frac{\mathbb{R}^2}{l_1\mathbb{Z}\oplus l_2\mathbb{Z}}$. It is easy to see that the eigenvalues of the Laplacian on torus, $-\frac{\partial^2}{\partial ...

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### Integral kernel for the resolvent of the laplace operator

Consider the Laplace operator defined in the biggest possible subset of $L^2(\mathbb{R}^2)$ and let $z \in \mathbb{C}\backslash\mathbb{R}$. Therefore $z \notin \sigma (\Delta)$ the spectrum of ...

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391 views

### Closed formula for heat kernel

Is there, similar to the Mehler kernel, a closed formula for the heat kernel of the heat equation associated to the Laplacian
$$ -\sum_j \frac{d^2}{dx_j^2} + 2\sqrt{-1} \sum_j \lambda_j \frac{d}{dx_j} ...

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**1**answer

129 views

### What is the limit of the derivative of the harmonic extension/Dirichlet solution in $C^{1,\alpha}$ cases ?

Let $f:\mathbb{S}^1 \to \mathbb{S}^1$ be an oreintation-preserving homeomorphism. Denote by $H(f)$ the complex harmonic extension/solution in $\mathbb{D}$ to the Dirichlet problem with boundary data ...

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292 views

### How does a quasi-isometry affect Poisson or Martin boundaries?

Take two graphs (of bounded valency) or manifolds (f bounded geometry) $G$ and $G'$. Assume there is a quasi-isometry $f:G \to G'$, and assume the Poisson or Martin boundary of $G$ is known, what may ...

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543 views

### Adjoint of a Connection Using the Hodge Map?

For a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ with exterior derivative d, the codifferential d$^\ast$ is defined to be the unique map for which
$$
g(\omega,d\omega') = g(d^* \omega,\omega'), ~~~ \omega,\omega' ...

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155 views

### When does the effective concentration of measure does not occour on a Riemmanian manifold?

Introduction
Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a compact $m$ - dimensional Riemmanian manifold with normalized measure $\mu$ (derived from the metric). It is know that in this setting we have concentration ...

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**1**answer

379 views

### First nonzero eigenvalue of the Laplacian on the submanifold

Consider a compact, connected $n$ dimensional Riemmanian manifold $\mathcal{N}$ and its $m$ dimensional closed submanifold $\mathcal{M}$ (with the metric coming from from the one defined on ...

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424 views

### selberg trace from classical physics

considering the Hamitlonian for the Selberg Operator $ y^{2} ( \partial _{x}^{2}+ \partial _{y}^{2}) $ given in the Hamiltonian form
$ H=g_{ab}p^{a}p^{b} $ with $ ds^{2} = ...

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557 views

### Exotic spectrum of Laplace operator

Given a closed Riemannian manifold and a generalized Laplace $\Delta$ operator,
it is well known that $\Delta$ has discrete spectrum $(\lambda_n)_n$ (arranged in a increasing way, not counting ...

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### High multiplicity eigenvalue implies symmetry?

It is well known that on any compact Riemannian symmetric space $X$, the eigenvalues of the Laplacian have very high multiplicity (comparable with the Weyl bound), and the resulting actions ...

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1k views

### The first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space

What is the exact value of the first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space viewed as $SU(n+1)/S(U(1)\times U(n))$?

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473 views

### Global Lichnerowicz Formula Proof (in the Kahler case)?

For a Kahler manifold $M$, let us denote its Dirac operator $\overline{\partial} + \overline{\partial}^\ast$, with respect to a metric $g$, by $D$. Moreover, let us dentoe the Levi-Civita connection ...

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406 views

### laplace equation on manifolds with boundary

in aubin's book on page 104 theorem 4.7 there is the theorem: Let $(M,g)$ be a compact $C^{\infty}$ Riemannian manifold. There exists a weak solution $\varphi \in H_{1}$ of $\Delta \varphi = f $ if ...

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354 views

### Weyl's law on asymptotic of Laplacian vs Hilbert's theorem on degree of a projective variety

Hi,
Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. Define
the integer-valued function $N(k)$ to be the number of eigenvalues of the Laplacian on $M$
which are less than or equal to $k$. ...

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450 views

### Poisson Equation:Why the boundary regularity of the domain is important for the regularity of the solution?

Dear all,
giving a support class for PDE lecture i am wondering is there an easy argument for :
Why the boundary regularity of the domain important for the regularity of the solution of the weak form ...

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279 views

### Sequence of graphs with small $\lambda_1$ (the smallest nonzero eigenvalue of a regular finite graph)

The combinatorial laplacian on a finite graph $G$ can be defined as $ \Delta: \mathbb{C}^G \to \mathbb{C}^G$ sending the function $f:G \to \mathbb{C}$ to $(\Delta f)(v) = \sum_{v' \sim v} \big( ...

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554 views

### Multiplicity of eigenvalues of the Laplacian on quaternionic projective space

Using the classic spherical harmonics theory, one obtains the $k$-th eigenvalue of the $n$-dimensional round sphere $S^n$ to be $k(k+n-1)$, and its multiplicity is $\binom{n+k}{k}-\binom{n+k-1}{k-1}$, ...

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794 views

### How to construct a scalar differential operator having the same spectrum as a non-scalar differential operator exploiting symmetries?

I am interested in eigenvalue problems for differential operators acting on one forms on closed two-dimensional manifolds and how they relate to eigenvalue problems of associated operators acting on ...