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1
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0answers
147 views

a good introduction to Laplace Beltrami operator over differential manifolds? [migrated]

I'd like to have a good reference to understand how the Laplacian operator get generalized over differential manifolds. More concretely, I want to understand and prove the equation : $$\Delta ...
5
votes
2answers
181 views

Probabilistic Interpretation of First Dirichlet Eigenvalue?

The first Dirichlet eigenvalue of a compact domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary is the smallest positive number for which there exists a non-trivial solution to $$ -\Delta\psi = ...
3
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1answer
145 views

Calculating a generalized inverse (Moore–Penrose pseudoinverse)

I am considering a graph with $n$ edges with the following nicely structured adjacency matrix: \begin{equation} A_n= \begin{pmatrix} 0 & 0 & 0 &\cdots & 0 & 0 & 1\\ 0 & 0 ...
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0answers
137 views

Avoiding integers in the spectrum of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface

Let $\Sigma^2$ be an orientable compact surface of genus $gen(\Sigma)\geq2$, and denote by $\mathcal M(\Sigma)$ the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma$, i.e., Riemannian metrics of constant ...
0
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1answer
306 views

Existence of Green's function and the Dirichlet problem

Let $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a bounded domain, and consider the following problem : $$\left\{ \begin{array}{lcr} -\Delta u = 0 & & \text{in } U, \\ u = g & & \text{on } \partial U, ...
2
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1answer
155 views

positive semidefinite matrix condition

There is a great work of Alizadeh that in section 4 speaks about Minimizing sum of the first few(k-largest) eigenvalues of a symmetric matrix. Instead of a symmetric model we use the weighted ...
7
votes
3answers
191 views

Spectrum of Dirichlet Laplacian on a Parallelogram

Let $ M \subset \mathbb{R}^2 $ be parallelogram constructed by putting together two equilateral triangles (so that all sides of the parallelogram have length 1, and the internal angles are 60 and ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Graph Laplacian simple eigenvalues

Is there a class of graphs (besides the path graphs) for which we know that the Laplacian L = D - A (where D is the degree matrix and A is the adjacency matrix) has simple spectrum, i.e. all Laplacian ...
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0answers
63 views

Effect of removing a Hamiltonian cycle on the Laplacian spectrum

Notation: $\lambda_{\max}(G)$ is the largest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of the graph $G$ (aka the Laplacian index of $G$). Now suppose $G$ is a Hamiltonian graph with Hamiltonian cycle $C$. ...
3
votes
2answers
144 views

Boundedness of Solutions to $\Delta u = f u$ on $R^2$

Consider the Laplacian $\Delta = d/dx^2 + d/dy^2$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$. This is true: Let $f$ be a nonnegative function, not identically zero. Then any positive solution of $\Delta u = f u$ is ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Divisibility Relation for Spanning Trees of a Graph

Let $A = \big[{1\ 1\atop 1\ 0}\big]$, and let $G_n$ be the graph whose adjacency matrix is $A^{\otimes n}$. Also let $\kappa(G)$ denote the number of spanning trees of $G$. From a significant amount ...
2
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2answers
202 views

The Periodic Schrödinger Group

I've been working on Bourgain's paper 'Moment inequalities for trigonometric polynomials with spectrum in curved hypersurfaces' for my Master's thesis and everything was going great until I reached ...
1
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0answers
113 views

Laplacian of a hypersurface

I am probably making some very annoying mistake but for whatever it is worth let me ask it here. Consider a hypersurface $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Let $\nu$ be the unit outward normal. Let ...
4
votes
2answers
320 views

What is the Weitzenböck formula for the $\bar\partial$-Laplacian

It is well-known that the Weitzenböck formula for the real Laplacian is $$\frac12 Δ|∇f|2=|Hessf|2+⟨∇f,∇Δf⟩+Ricci(∇f,∇f)$$ where $Hess$ denotes the Hessian tensor of $f$. and $\nabla f$ denotes the ...
1
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3answers
473 views

How to define Laplacian on $L_2$

This might be a dumb question, but I thought the Laplacian (classical) is defined for $C^2$ functions. How do we extend that to be a self-adjoint operator on all of $L_2$? Is it the so called ...
5
votes
1answer
402 views

Courant nodal domain Theorem for sums of eigenfunctions?

Courant's nodal domain theorem gives a bound on the number of nodal domains for an eigenfunction of the Laplacian. Namely, if $M$ is a smooth compact Riemannian manifold, and $f$ is an eigenfunction ...
7
votes
1answer
219 views

Eigenfunctions restricted on closed geodesics

Consider the flat torus $T^2=\frac{\mathbb{R}^2}{l_1\mathbb{Z}\oplus l_2\mathbb{Z}}$. It is easy to see that the eigenvalues of the Laplacian on torus, $-\frac{\partial^2}{\partial ...
3
votes
3answers
755 views

Integral kernel for the resolvent of the laplace operator

Consider the Laplace operator defined in the biggest possible subset of $L^2(\mathbb{R}^2)$ and let $z \in \mathbb{C}\backslash\mathbb{R}$. Therefore $z \notin \sigma (\Delta)$ the spectrum of ...
4
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2answers
352 views

Closed formula for heat kernel

Is there, similar to the Mehler kernel, a closed formula for the heat kernel of the heat equation associated to the Laplacian $$ -\sum_j \frac{d^2}{dx_j^2} + 2\sqrt{-1} \sum_j \lambda_j \frac{d}{dx_j} ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

What is the limit of the derivative of the harmonic extension/Dirichlet solution in $C^{1,\alpha}$ cases ?

Let $f:\mathbb{S}^1 \to \mathbb{S}^1$ be an oreintation-preserving homeomorphism. Denote by $H(f)$ the complex harmonic extension/solution in $\mathbb{D}$ to the Dirichlet problem with boundary data ...
4
votes
2answers
256 views

How does a quasi-isometry affect Poisson or Martin boundaries?

Take two graphs (of bounded valency) or manifolds (f bounded geometry) $G$ and $G'$. Assume there is a quasi-isometry $f:G \to G'$, and assume the Poisson or Martin boundary of $G$ is known, what may ...
5
votes
3answers
274 views

Criteria for Positivity of Pseudoddifferential Operators on Manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian Manifold and $L^2$ the Hilbert space given by the volume form associated to the metric. Let $L_0^2$ be the subspace which is orthogonal to the constant functions. When is ...
1
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0answers
152 views

When does the effective concentration of measure does not occour on a Riemmanian manifold?

Introduction Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a compact $m$ - dimensional Riemmanian manifold with normalized measure $\mu$ (derived from the metric). It is know that in this setting we have concentration ...
6
votes
1answer
347 views

First nonzero eigenvalue of the Laplacian on the submanifold

Consider a compact, connected $n$ dimensional Riemmanian manifold $\mathcal{N}$ and its $m$ dimensional closed submanifold $\mathcal{M}$ (with the metric coming from from the one defined on ...
7
votes
2answers
461 views

Adjoint of a Connection Using the Hodge Map?

For a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ with exterior derivative d, the codifferential d$^\ast$ is defined to be the unique map for which $$ g(\omega,d\omega') = g(d^* \omega,\omega'), ~~~ \omega,\omega' ...
2
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0answers
296 views

About the quantum spectrum of a certain potential.

Intuitively one understands that if one is solving the Schroedinger's equation for energies $E$ such that $\{ x \vert U(x)\leq E \}$ is compact (..is there a weaker criteria?..) then the spectrum ...
2
votes
2answers
400 views

selberg trace from classical physics

considering the Hamitlonian for the Selberg Operator $ y^{2} ( \partial _{x}^{2}+ \partial _{y}^{2}) $ given in the Hamiltonian form $ H=g_{ab}p^{a}p^{b} $ with $ ds^{2} = ...
1
vote
2answers
522 views

Exotic spectrum of Laplace operator

Given a closed Riemannian manifold and a generalized Laplace $\Delta$ operator, it is well known that $\Delta$ has discrete spectrum $(\lambda_n)_n$ (arranged in a increasing way, not counting ...
5
votes
1answer
352 views

laplace equation on manifolds with boundary

in aubin's book on page 104 theorem 4.7 there is the theorem: Let $(M,g)$ be a compact $C^{\infty}$ Riemannian manifold. There exists a weak solution $\varphi \in H_{1}$ of $\Delta \varphi = f $ if ...
2
votes
1answer
395 views

Global Lichnerowicz Formula Proof (in the Kahler case)?

For a Kahler manifold $M$, let us denote its Dirac operator $\overline{\partial} + \overline{\partial}^\ast$, with respect to a metric $g$, by $D$. Moreover, let us dentoe the Levi-Civita connection ...
13
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1answer
331 views

Weyl's law on asymptotic of Laplacian vs Hilbert's theorem on degree of a projective variety

Hi, Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. Define the integer-valued function $N(k)$ to be the number of eigenvalues of the Laplacian on $M$ which are less than or equal to $k$. ...
9
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3answers
1k views

The first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space

What is the exact value of the first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space viewed as $SU(n+1)/S(U(1)\times U(n))$?
1
vote
2answers
372 views

Poisson Equation:Why the boundary regularity of the domain is important for the regularity of the solution?

Dear all, giving a support class for PDE lecture i am wondering is there an easy argument for : Why the boundary regularity of the domain important for the regularity of the solution of the weak form ...
5
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0answers
269 views

Sequence of graphs with small $\lambda_1$ (the smallest nonzero eigenvalue of a regular finite graph)

The combinatorial laplacian on a finite graph $G$ can be defined as $ \Delta: \mathbb{C}^G \to \mathbb{C}^G$ sending the function $f:G \to \mathbb{C}$ to $(\Delta f)(v) = \sum_{v' \sim v} \big( ...
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votes
3answers
1k views

Eigenvectors and partitions of graphs

Let G be an undirected graph with the node set $V$ and the Laplacian matrix $L$. Let $N(v)$ denote the neighbors of a node $v$ and $|N(v)|$ its degree. Then a partition $\pi=(V_1, V_2, \ldots, V_k)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
363 views

The smallest positive eigenvalue and the length of the shortest geodesic

I'm confused about some things concerning lengths of geodesics on Riemann surfaces and positive eigenvalues of the Laplacian. Moreover, I'm also interested in the relation between these two. Let $X$ ...
5
votes
1answer
741 views

How to construct a scalar differential operator having the same spectrum as a non-scalar differential operator exploiting symmetries?

I am interested in eigenvalue problems for differential operators acting on one forms on closed two-dimensional manifolds and how they relate to eigenvalue problems of associated operators acting on ...
0
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0answers
182 views

Graph Laplacian to Continuous version

Has there been a study of vector laplacian that is a continuous version of a graph laplacian? Is there a good introduction to the topic?
4
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1answer
522 views

Multiplicity of eigenvalues of the Laplacian on quaternionic projective space

Using the classic spherical harmonics theory, one obtains the $k$-th eigenvalue of the $n$-dimensional round sphere $S^n$ to be $k(k+n-1)$, and its multiplicity is $\binom{n+k}{k}-\binom{n+k-1}{k-1}$, ...
4
votes
1answer
654 views

Growth of Laplacian eigenvalues on a compact domain?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $\Delta$ be the (scalar) Laplace-Beltrami operator on $\\mathcal{M}$. Then $\Delta$ has a discrete spectrum and if we order its distinct ...
7
votes
1answer
748 views

First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on Berger spheres

Consider the Hopf fibrations $S^1\to S^{2n+1}\to CP^n$ and $S^3\to S^{4n+3}\to HP^n$. These are Riemannian submersions with totally geodesic fibers. Consider now their canonical variations (the ...
6
votes
2answers
691 views

Characterize where the Dirichlet Problem for the Laplacian is always solvable

Conway's 1978 textbook Functions of One Complex Variable I gives an unsatisfying characterization of the regions for which the Dirichlet Problem can always be solved, and then comments no cleaner ...
12
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4answers
1k views

High multiplicity eigenvalue implies symmetry?

It is well known that on any compact Riemannian symmetric space $X$, the eigenvalues of the Laplacian have very high multiplicity (comparable with the Weyl bound), and the resulting actions ...
1
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1answer
441 views

Harmonic forms for Complex Projective Space.

For complex projective space with the Fubini-Study metric and associated Laplace-de Rham operator $dd^\ast+d^\ast d$. How does one find a concrete description of the space of harmonic forms? That is, ...
3
votes
1answer
434 views

Relation between the de Rham and Hodge Laplacians on the Exterior Algebra

For a Kahler manifold $M$ we have two well-known Laplacians: the de Rham Laplacian $\Delta_{\text{d}} = ($d$ + $d$^\ast)^2$, and the Dolbeault Laplacian $\Delta_{\overline{\partial}} = ...
3
votes
4answers
905 views

Boundaries of the eigenvalues of a symmetric matrix (or of its Lapacian)

Given the adjacency matrix $A_{ij}$ of a graph with $N$ vertices and $M$ links (or any binary symmetric matrix of size $N \times N$), is it possible to establish lower and upper boundaries of its ...
3
votes
2answers
572 views

Lower bound on the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface with constant negative scalar curvature

A friend in physics asked this question, and I didn't know the answer. Are there lower bounds on the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface equipped with a metric of constant negative ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Eigenvalues of Laplacian

What's the most natural way to establish the asymptotics of $\Delta$ on a compact Riemannian manifold $M$ of dimension $N$? The asymptotics should be $$ \#\{v < A^2\} = ...