The tag has no usage guidance.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
63 views

Spectral theory of $\frac{\partial ^2}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial ^2}{\partial y^2}$ and $4 \frac{\partial ^2}{\partial z\partial \bar{z}}$ [on hold]

Since $\mathbb R^2 \simeq \mathbb C$ and $\frac{\partial ^2}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial ^2}{\partial y^2} =4 \frac{\partial ^2}{\partial z\partial \bar{z}}$, I like to know is that the spectral ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 $ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic?

I want to know why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}= X^2 + Y^2$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 = \mathbb C \times \mathbb R$ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic, where $X$ and $Y$ are the left-invariant ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Laplace eigenvalue and floer theory

I'm trying to study the spectrum operator via Floer Theory. The idea is to consider the Rayleigh quotient as an operator on the Hilbert space $W^{1,2}$ and to study it's negative gradient flow. Any ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

An H2 estimate for Helmholtz equation

How to show the following statement? Let $\Omega$ be a bounded Lipschitz convex domain. If $u$ satisfies the following equation, $$ -\Delta u - k^2 u = f \quad\mbox{ in }\Omega \\ \nabla u ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views
4
votes
1answer
126 views

Difference between the Laplacian and the sub-Laplacian of a Lie group

Given a Lie group $G$, what is the difference between the Laplacian $\Delta$ and the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}$ of $G$. And what are the properties that we lose when going from sub-Laplace to ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Zero set of eigenfunction along a sub manifold

Let $M$ be a 2-dimensional closed Riemannian manifold and let $$\phi:M\rightarrow M$$ be an isometry with $\phi^2=Id_M$. Consider the fixed point set $$F:=\lbrace x\in M: \phi(x)=x \rbrace\subset M,$$ ...
2
votes
2answers
277 views

Why decompose a function with eigenvectors of Laplace operator? [closed]

On periodic domain, people always use Fourier basis, which eigenvectors of Laplace operator. On sphere, people use spherical harmonics, which also are eigenvectors of Laplace operator. In applied ...
6
votes
0answers
96 views

How to prove that the Laplace oparator of the Heisenberg group is sub-elliptic?

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law $$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$ For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

The inverse of Laplacian operator for different orders

I post this question in MSE couple of days before and get no response. So I repost it here for better luck. Thank you! Let $u,v\in C_c^\infty(\Omega)$ and $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ is open ...
3
votes
0answers
97 views

Spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a domain of finite volume in the hyperbolic space $H^n$

What is known about the ($L^2$) spectrum of the minus Laplace-Beltrami operator ($- \Delta$) with zero boundary conditions on $B =H^n/\Gamma$, where $H^n$ is $n$-dimensional hyperbolic space ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Laplace-Beltrami of the Gauss map

Let $M$ be a surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ given by a regular chart, say $X:M \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$, with its first fundamental form $g$, Gauss map $N$, Gaussian curvature $K$ and mean curvature ...
4
votes
3answers
174 views

Show that the Laplacian operator on the Heisenberg group is negative

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law $$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$ For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...
2
votes
0answers
105 views

Estimate for the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian

I was studying the paper of S. T. Yau - Seminar on Differential Geometry - and there asks if the first eigenvalue is equal to $ n $, if we have a embedded oriented Riemannian manifold and closed ...
3
votes
0answers
89 views

Spectral theory of differential forms over a circle bundle

Here is the set up : I consider the unitary tangent bundle of a surface $(S,g)$ endowed with the Sasakian metric ; $(T^1S, g_s)$, in fact we have the following fibration : \begin{equation*} ...
3
votes
0answers
72 views

Laplace Equation with Tangential Derivative Prescribed on the Boundary [closed]

I asked this question on MSE. However, I didn't get good answers there so I am seeking for it here. :) Consider the following Laplace boundary value problem (BVP) $$\matrix{ {{\nabla ^2}\Phi ...
5
votes
3answers
330 views

Fundamental solution of Discrete Laplace in the plane

We consider a discretization of the Laplace operator on $\mathbb Z^2$, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discrete_Laplace_operator Then, it is natural to consider its fundamental solution $u$, i.e. ...
8
votes
1answer
361 views

Why should the map $-\Delta^{-1}$ be continuous?

I'm reading an article by Wei-Ming Ni about the existence of solutions for the elliptic problem $$\Delta u +|x|^\lambda |u|^\tau =0,$$ in the unit ball $\Omega$ in dimension $>2$. I'm looking for ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Connection between the p and q Laplacians

I'm just looking for some quick and dirty intuition(and/or reading material) about the following: I read that Hodge duality provides a way to interchange the p-Laplacian $ \Delta_p = \nabla\cdot( ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Lp norm estimates for the inverse of the Laplacian on a graph

I am looking at a finite connected graph and I would like to know what is the best [i.e. largest] constant $\lambda_p$ in $$ \sum_x f(x) =0 \implies \| \Delta^{-1} f\|_{\ell^p} \leq \lambda_p^{-1} ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Negativity of a quadratic form on $L^2(M)$

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and $V=L^2(M)$. Let $\Delta$ be the negative-definite Laplacian. Let $f \in V$ and $x \in M$ be arbitrary, but fixed. Is it true that ${\rm Re} \ (\Delta f) ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

The Laplacian of an expression involving the Ricci tensor

While doing some computations on a compact Riemannian manifold I have reached the following expression: $$ \Delta_y \big( Ric_y (\exp_y ^{-1} x, \exp_y ^{-1} x) \big) (x)$$ where $\Delta_y$ is the ...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

Laplace-Beltrami and averaging

For a Riemannian manifold $M$ with metric $g$ and Laplace-Beltrami operator $-\Delta_{g}$, what conditions on $M$ guarantee that $-\Delta_{g} u(x)$ measures the difference between $u(x)$ and the ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Gagliardo Nirenberg inequality for the laplacian

It is a classical result due to Gagliardo and Nirenberg that there exists a constant C such that it holds $$ ||\nabla \psi|| _{L ^\infty (\mathbb{R}^2)} ^2 \le ||D ^2 \psi|| _{L ^\infty ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Limited expansion of mean curvature of geodesic spheres

I am working with the Laplacian on a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ (compact, without boundary). In spherical geodesic coordinates $(r, \sigma)$ around some arbitrary $x \in M$ (where $\sigma$ denotes ...
14
votes
3answers
632 views

Can the Laplace operator on $n-$ manifolds be represented as a sum of $n$ second order derivational operators

EDIT: According to some comments on this post I revise the title to remove the misunderestanding. Assume that $M$ is a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. The natural Laplace operator associated ...
0
votes
2answers
170 views

Connectivity of weighted graph and zero Laplacian eigenvalues

Given an undirected graph $G$, and let $V$ denote its set of vertices and $E$ its set of edges. Suppose that there are no edges connecting the same vertex, and no more than one edge connecting any ...
6
votes
1answer
120 views

Analysis of the Laplacian of a random bipartite graph

My analysis of an engineering problem reduced to analysis of the Laplacian of a (random) bipartite graph. There are a few particular questions I am interested in, but not sure which direction to take ...
3
votes
3answers
186 views

Limits for eigenvalues for the Dirichlet Laplacian

If $\Omega$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $\lambda(\Omega)$ be an eigenvalue of the problem $$ \begin{cases} -\Delta u=\lambda u & \mbox{in }\Omega\\ u=0 & \mbox{on ...
1
vote
1answer
183 views

Does the Laplacian commutes with elements of the basis of the Lie algebra?

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. I know that if $g$ is semi-simple then the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $G$ agrees with the Casimir element and therefore commutes with ...
10
votes
2answers
347 views

First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on a regular polygon

Consider the Laplacian eigenvalue problem $-\Delta u = \lambda u$ on $\Omega$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions. Let $\lambda_1$ denote the first eigenvalue. The following theorem is well known: ...
8
votes
2answers
385 views

Lower bound on the first eigenvalue of the Laplace-Beltrami on a closed Riemannian manifold

It has been proved by Li-Yau and Zhong-Yang that if $M$ is a closed Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$ with nonnegative Ricci curvature, then the first nonzero eigenvalue $\lambda_1(M)$ of the ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

Resolvent operator of fractional Laplacian

For $0<\alpha<2$, we define the fractional Laplacian with Fourier transform \begin{align} \widehat{(-\Delta)^{\frac{\alpha}{2}} u}(\xi) = |\xi|^\alpha \widehat u(\xi). \end{align} Consider the ...
2
votes
1answer
384 views

Stochastic interpretation of heat kernel on fiber bundle

I'm looking for a stochastic interpretation of the heat equation for vector valued function. The classical set up is the following : If $(M,g)$ is a riemannian manifold then we could consider the ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

On fundamental solutions to Poisson equation on 3-dimensional manifolds

I am interesting in solutions to Poisson equation $$\triangle \varphi = 4 \pi \rho \qquad (1)$$ defined on 3-dimensional oriented Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, where $g$ is metric and ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Analytical value for the first eigenvalue of a certain spherical triangle

I am testing some numerical algorithms for computing the Laplace-Beltrami eigenvalues on the sphere. One thing that came up was computing the first eigenvalue of the "equilateral" spherical triangle ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Does the green kernel converge as a series of functions?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact rimannian manifold. It is well known that we can diagonalyse the Green kernel as a $L^2$ operator acting on functions. Moreover we have the convergence of the following ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Functional equations for spectral zeta function

Functional equation in the theory of zeta functions is one of the important components of this theory. I am interested to know whether the similar property, having functional equation, for the ...
1
vote
3answers
323 views

Decompose the Laplacian

Is there a way to write the negative Laplacian on the 2-sphere as a decomposition of an operator $A$ and its adjoint $A^*$? I am interested in finding such a decomposition, but I could not get one by ...
0
votes
0answers
148 views

Solving gradient of an especial heat equation

In my research I came up with a gradient of heat equation on a edge-weighted graph as: \begin{equation*} \nabla_w T_t(t,w) + T(t,w) . \nabla_w L_w + L_w . \nabla_w T(t,w) = 0 \end{equation*} where ...
6
votes
1answer
327 views

Fractional Laplacian and stereographic projection

The ordinary Laplacian on $\mathbb{R}^N$ behaves nicely under a stereographic projection onto $\mathbb{S}^N\setminus\{P\}$. (Here $P$ is either the north or south pole of the unit sphere ...
1
vote
0answers
190 views

Bounds on smallest Eigenvalue of the Sum of a Standard Laplacian and a Diagonal Matrix

I'm trying to find upper boundaries on the smallest Eigenvalue $\lambda_1$ of $L + E$, where $L$ is a standard Laplacian of an unweighted digraph, with $\lambda_1(L) = 0$ and $E \in \{0,1\}^{n \times ...
9
votes
3answers
445 views

Are these three different notions of a graph Laplacian?

I seem to see three different things that are being called the Laplacian of a graph, One is the matrix $L_1 = D - A$ where $D$ is a diagonal matrix consisting of degrees of all the vertices and $A$ ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Obstructions for existence of a Riemannian metric such that a given function is harmonic

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^{n}\to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function. What type of obstructions exist for existence of a Riemannian metric $g$ on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ such that $f$ is a harmonic ...
3
votes
0answers
127 views

Worst-Case Solution to (Stochastic) Matrix Inequality

EDIT: Some specific conjectures added. This problem comes with an associated stochastic process, but I phrase everything as linear algebra in case somebody from a non-probability community has seen ...
-4
votes
2answers
129 views

Does the Laplacian commutes with the indicator function [closed]

We define the laplacian operator $\Delta$ with the Neumann boundary conditions on the space $H^2(\Omega)$, where $\Omega$ is an open set of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with a smooth boundary $\partial\Omega$, and ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

What is the significance of the median eigenvalue?

When I look at the spectral density plots of my (usual) laplacian graphs, they spike at the median eigenvalue. But what significance for the graph/matrix (which originates from a network) does the ...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

The complex heat kernel on a Riemann manifold

There is a vast literature available for the heat kernel. Nevertheless, I haven't been able to find almost anything useful about the kernel of the equation $\frac{1}{\mathbb{i}} \frac{\partial ...
2
votes
1answer
304 views

Paper by Mumford

In the paper of "The spectrum of difference operators and algebraic curves", by P. van Moerbeke and D. Mumford, Acta Mathematics, vol.143, 1979, (link: ...
9
votes
2answers
366 views

Behavior of the spectrum of the Laplacian under pointed smooth convergence

The Laplacian on a compact Riemannian manifold has a discrete spectrum. For example on a circle of perimeter $L$ the $n$-th eigenvalue starting at $0$ is $-\lambda_n = -(2\pi/L)^2 n^2$. On the other ...