The laplacian tag has no usage guidance.

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### Ellipticity of Bott-Chern Laplacian

I want to prove that Bott-Chern Laplacian
$$\tilde{\Delta}_{BC}^{p,q}=(\partial\bar\partial)(\partial\bar\partial)^*+(\partial\bar\partial)^*(\partial\bar\partial)+(\bar\partial^*\partial)(\bar\...

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212 views

### Hodge decomposition for Bott-Chern cohomology

$\DeclareMathOperator{im}{im}$
I want to prove that Bott-Chern cohomology group $H^{p,q}_{BC}=\frac{\ker\partial\cap \ker\bar{\partial}}{\im\partial\bar{\partial}}$ has finite dimension via Hodge ...

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271 views

### Create a graph with a specified number of spanning trees

I read that one of the current challenging problems in mathematics is constructing a minimal graph with a specified number of spanning trees (say, $k$).
However, is there a quick way to create some ...

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58 views

### Eigenspaces of the Laplace operator on a unit ball

I am interested in structures of the eigenspaces of the Laplace operator on the $n$-dimensional unit ball with Neumann or Dirichlet boundary conditions as representations of the special orthogonal ...

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109 views

### The square root of Laplacian with nonconstant coefficent

I am still a newbie to $\Psi$DO-Operators. As far as i understood, one can easily compute the square root of the Laplace operator $\Delta$ by
$$(-\Delta)^{1/2} \ u=\mathcal{F}^{-1}(\|\xi\| \widehat{u}...

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### non-symmetric weak diagonal-dominant matrix, no decoupling: (a) is positive semi-definite? (b) has dim(ker)=1?

We are considering a matrix $A=(a_{ij})_{i,j=1,\ldots,d}\in\mathbb{R}^{d\times d}$ with the following property: $a_{ii}=-\sum_{j\neq i}a_{ij}$, i.e. the matrix is not only weak diagonal-dominant, but ...

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### Why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 $ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic?

I want to know why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}= X^2 + Y^2$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 = \mathbb C \times \mathbb R$ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic, where $X$ and $Y$ are the left-invariant ...

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### Laplace eigenvalue and floer theory

I'm trying to study the spectrum operator via Floer Theory. The idea is to consider the Rayleigh quotient as an operator on the Hilbert space $W^{1,2}$ and to study it's negative gradient flow.
Any ...

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68 views

### An H2 estimate for Helmholtz equation

How to show the following statement?
Let $\Omega$ be a bounded Lipschitz convex domain. If $u$ satisfies the following equation,
$$
-\Delta u - k^2 u = f \quad\mbox{ in }\Omega \\ \nabla u \...

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76 views

### If the two smallest eigenvalues of the Laplacian matrix of a network are equal to zero, then does it mean that the network is not connected? [closed]

What does it mean if the two smallest eigenvalues of the Laplacian matrix of a graph are equal to zero?

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170 views

### Difference between the Laplacian and the sub-Laplacian of a Lie group

Given a Lie group $G$, what is the difference between the Laplacian $\Delta$ and the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}$ of $G$. And what are the properties that we lose when going from sub-Laplace to ...

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127 views

### Zero set of eigenfunction along a sub manifold

Let $M$ be a 2-dimensional closed Riemannian manifold and let $$\phi:M\rightarrow M$$ be an isometry with $\phi^2=Id_M$. Consider the fixed point set $$F:=\lbrace x\in M: \phi(x)=x \rbrace\subset M,$$ ...

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300 views

### Why decompose a function with eigenvectors of Laplace operator? [closed]

On periodic domain, people always use Fourier basis, which eigenvectors of Laplace operator. On sphere, people use spherical harmonics, which also are eigenvectors of Laplace operator. In applied ...

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### How to prove that the Laplace oparator of the Heisenberg group is sub-elliptic?

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law
$$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$
For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...

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125 views

### The inverse of Laplacian operator for different orders

I post this question in MSE couple of days before and get no response. So I repost it here for better luck. Thank you!
Let $u,v\in C_c^\infty(\Omega)$ and $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ is open ...

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### Spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a domain of finite volume in the hyperbolic space $H^n$

What is known about the ($L^2$) spectrum of the minus Laplace-Beltrami operator ($- \Delta$) with zero boundary conditions on $B =H^n/\Gamma$, where $H^n$ is $n$-dimensional hyperbolic space ($n>1$...

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### Laplace-Beltrami of the Gauss map

Let $M$ be a surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ given by a regular chart, say $X:M \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$, with its first fundamental form $g$, Gauss map $N$, Gaussian curvature $K$ and mean curvature $...

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192 views

### Show that the Laplacian operator on the Heisenberg group is negative

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law
$$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$
For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...

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### Estimate for the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian

I was studying the paper of S. T. Yau - Seminar on Differential Geometry - and there asks if the first eigenvalue is equal to $ n $, if we have a embedded oriented Riemannian manifold and closed ...

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### Spectral theory of differential forms over a circle bundle

Here is the set up : I consider the unitary tangent bundle of a surface $(S,g)$ endowed with the Sasakian metric ; $(T^1S, g_s)$, in fact we have the following fibration :
\begin{equation*}
\mathbb{...

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### Laplace Equation with Tangential Derivative Prescribed on the Boundary [closed]

I asked this question on MSE. However, I didn't get good answers there so I am seeking for it here. :)
Consider the following Laplace boundary value problem (BVP)
$$\matrix{
{{\nabla ^2}\Phi (x,y)...

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332 views

### Fundamental solution of Discrete Laplace in the plane

We consider a discretization of the Laplace operator on $\mathbb Z^2$, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discrete_Laplace_operator
Then, it is natural to consider its fundamental solution $u$, i.e. $|u(x)...

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363 views

### Why should the map $-\Delta^{-1}$ be continuous?

I'm reading an article by Wei-Ming Ni about the existence of solutions for the elliptic problem $$\Delta u +|x|^\lambda |u|^\tau =0,$$
in the unit ball $\Omega$ in dimension $>2$. I'm looking for ...

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### Connection between the p and q Laplacians

I'm just looking for some quick and dirty intuition(and/or reading material) about the following:
I read that Hodge duality provides a way to interchange the p-Laplacian $ \Delta_p = \nabla\cdot( |\...

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### Lp norm estimates for the inverse of the Laplacian on a graph

I am looking at a finite connected graph and I would like to know what is the best [i.e. largest] constant $\lambda_p$ in
$$
\sum_x f(x) =0 \implies \| \Delta^{-1} f\|_{\ell^p} \leq \lambda_p^{-1} \|...

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### Negativity of a quadratic form on $L^2(M)$

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and $V=L^2(M)$. Let $\Delta$ be the negative-definite Laplacian. Let $f \in V$ and $x \in M$ be arbitrary, but fixed.
Is it true that ${\rm Re} \ (\Delta f) (...

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### The Laplacian of an expression involving the Ricci tensor

While doing some computations on a compact Riemannian manifold I have reached the following expression:
$$ \Delta_y \big( Ric_y (\exp_y ^{-1} x, \exp_y ^{-1} x) \big) (x)$$
where $\Delta_y$ is the ...

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178 views

### Laplace-Beltrami and averaging

For a Riemannian manifold $M$ with metric $g$ and Laplace-Beltrami operator $-\Delta_{g}$, what conditions on $M$ guarantee that $-\Delta_{g} u(x)$ measures the difference between $u(x)$ and the ...

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186 views

### Gagliardo Nirenberg inequality for the laplacian

It is a classical result due to Gagliardo and Nirenberg that there exists a constant C such that it holds
$$
||\nabla \psi|| _{L ^\infty (\mathbb{R}^2)} ^2
\le ||D ^2 \psi|| _{L ^\infty (\mathbb{R}^2)}...

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### Limited expansion of mean curvature of geodesic spheres

I am working with the Laplacian on a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ (compact, without boundary). In spherical geodesic coordinates $(r, \sigma)$ around some arbitrary $x \in M$ (where $\sigma$ denotes ...

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### Can the Laplace operator on $n-$ manifolds be represented as a sum of $n$ second order derivational operators

EDIT: According to some comments on this post I revise the title to remove the misunderestanding.
Assume that $M$ is a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. The natural Laplace operator associated ...

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### Connectivity of weighted graph and zero Laplacian eigenvalues

Given an undirected graph $G$, and let $V$ denote its set of vertices and $E$ its set of edges. Suppose that there are no edges connecting the same vertex, and no more than one edge connecting any ...

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### Analysis of the Laplacian of a random bipartite graph

My analysis of an engineering problem reduced to analysis of the Laplacian of a (random) bipartite graph. There are a few particular questions I am interested in, but not sure which direction to take ...

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### Limits for eigenvalues for the Dirichlet Laplacian

If $\Omega$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $\lambda(\Omega)$ be an eigenvalue of the problem
$$
\begin{cases}
-\Delta u=\lambda u & \mbox{in }\Omega\\
u=0 & \mbox{on }\partial\...

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188 views

### Does the Laplacian commutes with elements of the basis of the Lie algebra?

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. I know that if $g$ is semi-simple then the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $G$ agrees with the Casimir element and therefore commutes with ...

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### First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on a regular polygon

Consider the Laplacian eigenvalue problem $-\Delta u = \lambda u$ on $\Omega$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions. Let $\lambda_1$ denote the first eigenvalue. The following theorem is well known:
(...

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### Lower bound on the first eigenvalue of the Laplace-Beltrami on a closed Riemannian manifold

It has been proved by Li-Yau and Zhong-Yang that if $M$ is a closed Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$ with nonnegative Ricci curvature, then the first nonzero eigenvalue $\lambda_1(M)$ of the (...

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108 views

### Resolvent operator of fractional Laplacian

For $0<\alpha<2$, we define the fractional Laplacian with Fourier transform
\begin{align}
\widehat{(-\Delta)^{\frac{\alpha}{2}} u}(\xi) = |\xi|^\alpha \widehat u(\xi).
\end{align}
Consider the ...

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### Stochastic interpretation of heat kernel on fiber bundle

I'm looking for a stochastic interpretation of the heat equation for vector valued function.
The classical set up is the following :
If $(M,g)$ is a riemannian manifold then we could consider the ...

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171 views

### On fundamental solutions to Poisson equation on 3-dimensional manifolds

I am interesting in solutions to Poisson equation
$$\triangle \varphi = 4 \pi \rho \qquad (1)$$
defined on 3-dimensional oriented Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$,
where $g$ is metric and $\...

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### Analytical value for the first eigenvalue of a certain spherical triangle

I am testing some numerical algorithms for computing the Laplace-Beltrami eigenvalues on the sphere. One thing that came up was computing the first eigenvalue of the "equilateral" spherical triangle ...

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### Does the green kernel converge as a series of functions?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact rimannian manifold. It is well known that we can diagonalyse the Green kernel as a $L^2$ operator acting on functions. Moreover we have the convergence of the following series,...

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### Functional equations for spectral zeta function

Functional equation in the theory of zeta functions is one of the important components of this theory.
I am interested to know whether the similar property, having functional equation, for the ...

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324 views

### Decompose the Laplacian

Is there a way to write the negative Laplacian on the 2-sphere as a decomposition of an operator $A$ and its adjoint $A^*$? I am interested in finding such a decomposition, but I could not get one by ...

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### Solving gradient of an especial heat equation

In my research I came up with a gradient of heat equation on a edge-weighted graph as:
\begin{equation*}
\nabla_w T_t(t,w) + T(t,w) . \nabla_w L_w + L_w . \nabla_w T(t,w) = 0
\end{equation*}
where ...

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342 views

### Fractional Laplacian and stereographic projection

The ordinary Laplacian on $\mathbb{R}^N$ behaves nicely under a stereographic projection onto $\mathbb{S}^N\setminus\{P\}$. (Here $P$ is either the north or south pole of the unit sphere $\mathbb{S}^N$...

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### Bounds on smallest Eigenvalue of the Sum of a Standard Laplacian and a Diagonal Matrix

I'm trying to find upper boundaries on the smallest Eigenvalue $\lambda_1$ of $L + E$, where $L$ is a standard Laplacian of an unweighted digraph, with $\lambda_1(L) = 0$ and $E \in \{0,1\}^{n \times ...

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### Are these three different notions of a graph Laplacian?

I seem to see three different things that are being called the Laplacian of a graph,
One is the matrix $L_1 = D - A$ where $D$ is a diagonal matrix consisting of degrees of all the vertices and $A$ ...

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### Obstructions for existence of a Riemannian metric such that a given function is harmonic

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^{n}\to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function. What type of obstructions exist for existence of a Riemannian metric $g$ on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ such that $f$ is a harmonic ...

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### Worst-Case Solution to (Stochastic) Matrix Inequality

EDIT: Some specific conjectures added.
This problem comes with an associated stochastic process, but I phrase everything as linear algebra in case somebody from a non-probability community has seen ...