13
votes
2answers
460 views

Are there any simple, interesting consequences to motivate the local Langlands correspondence?

Let's pretend that we know local Langlands at a fairly high level of generality... i.e. we know something along the lines of: Let $G=\mathbf{G}(F)$ be the group of $F$-points of a connected ...
2
votes
2answers
388 views

GL(2) Local Langlands and Artin's L-function

The context I am thinking of mainly is GL(2), and accordingly, the degree 2 Artin L-function. But comments about GL(n) in general are also welcome. In light the local Langlands correspondence, what ...
19
votes
1answer
504 views

Décomposition des nombres premiers dans des extensions non abéliennes

Gauß famously determined the cubic character of $2$ in his Disquisitiones : $2$ is a cube modulo a prime number $p\equiv1\mod3$ if and only if $p=x^2+27y^2$ for some $x,y\in\mathbf{Z}$. This implies ...
28
votes
1answer
1k views

How would Hilbert and Weber think about the Langlands programme?

Explanations to a general mathematical audience about the Langlands programme often advertise it as "non-abelian class field theory". They usually begin as follows: a modern style formulation of ...
11
votes
2answers
606 views

Insolvable number fields ramified only at one (small) prime

In his first Eilenberg Lecture at Columbia, Benedict Gross says that only recently have we been able to give examples of finite galoisian extensions $K$ of ${\bf Q}$ which are ramified only at $2$ ...