Questions about generalizations of the Riemann Zeta function of arithmetic interest whose definition relies on meromorphic continuation of special kinds of Dirichlet series, such as Dirichlet L-functions, Artin L-functions, elements of the Selberg class, automorphic L-functions, Shimizu L-functions, ...

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46
votes
2answers
2k views

“Gross-Zagier” formulae outside of number theory

The Gross-Zagier formula and various variations of it form the starting point in most of the existing results towards the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture. It relates the value at $1$ of the ...
42
votes
15answers
6k views

Shortest/Most elegant proof for $L(1,\chi)\neq 0$

Let $\chi$ be a Dirichlet character and $L(1,\chi)$ the associated L-function evaluated at $s=1$. What would be the 'shortest' proof of the non-vanishing of $L(1,\chi)$? Background: The non-vanishing ...
30
votes
3answers
1k views

Underlying idea for (automorphic) L-function?

Edit: So with a few more months of math under my belt, I recognize some of the issues with this question. I still hope for an answer, so let me say a few things. Within the Langlands philosophy, ...
26
votes
1answer
2k views

Special values of L-functions as periods

If $M$ is a pure motive over $\mathbb{Q}$, one cas define its $L$-function $L(M,s)$ which conjecturaly is a meromorphic function over $\mathbb{C}$ with finitely many poles. For example, when ...
24
votes
3answers
811 views

Intuition for Zagier's theorem for $\zeta_K(2)$

In 1986, Don Zagier generalized Euler's theorem ($\zeta_\mathbb{Q}(2)=\pi ^2 /6$) to an arbitrary number field $K$: $$\zeta_K(2)=\frac{\pi^{2r+2s}}{\sqrt{|D|}}\times \sum_v c_v ...
23
votes
4answers
3k views

Modular forms and the Riemann Hypothesis

Is there any statement directly about modular forms that is equivalent to the Riemann Hypothesis for L-functions? What I'm thinking of is this: under the Mellin transform, the Riemann zeta function ...
23
votes
1answer
2k views

Iwasawa main conjectures vs Bloch-Kato conjectures

Let $p$ be a prime, $K$ be a number field, $S$ a finite set of finite places of $K$ containing the set $S_p$ of places above $p$ and the places at infinity, $G:=G_{K,S}$ the Galois group of the ...
22
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are Tamagawa numbers equal to Pic/Sha?

For a connected algebraic group $G$ over a global field $K$ with adeles $A$, the Tamagawa number of $G$ is the volume of $G(A)/G(K)$. It is conjectured (and often known) to be rational, namely the ...
21
votes
3answers
1k views

Universality of zeta- and L-functions

Voronin´s Universality Theorem (for the Riemann zeta-Function) according to Wikipedia: Let $U$ be a compact subset of the "critical half-strip" $\{s\in\mathbb{C}:\frac{1}{2}<Re(s)<1\}$ with ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

What is a path in K-theory space?

In a comment on Tom Goodwillie's question about relating the Alexander polynomial and the Iwasawa polynomial, Minhyong Kim makes the cryptic but tantalizing statement: In brief, the current view is ...
17
votes
0answers
314 views

What should motives for $L(E,n)$ look like?

Goncharov and Manin showed in this paper that the zeta values $\zeta(n)$ can be realized as periods of framed mixed Tate motives constructed from moduli spaces $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n+3}$ of ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Special values of $p$-adic $L$-functions.

This is a very naive question really, and perhaps the answer is well-known. In other words, WARNING: a non-expert writes. My understanding is that nowadays there are conjectures which essentially ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

Computing (on a computer) the first few (non-trivial) zeros of the zeta function of a number field.

Let $M$ be the splitting field of x^8 + 3*x^7 + 13*x^6 + 17*x^5 + 45*x^4 + 37*x^3 + 11*x^2 + 112*x + 108 over the rationals. If I've understood some tables ...
16
votes
1answer
767 views

Distinct simple zeros of Dirichlet L-functions

Given a finite set of distinct primitive Dirichlet characters, $\chi_1, \dots, \chi_r$, is it known that the product of the L-functions, $$L(s):=\prod_{i=1}^r L(s,\chi_i),$$ has a simple zero? It's ...
16
votes
1answer
944 views

constants in Gamma factors in functional equation for zeta functions.

Usually the Riemann zeta function $\zeta(s)$ gets multiplied by a "gamma factor" to give a function $\xi(s)$ satisfying a functional equation $\xi(s)=\xi(1-s)$. If I changed this gamma factor by a ...
16
votes
0answers
895 views

Special values of Artin L-functions

This question might be naive and might carry the heuristic that we are living in the best possible world a little too far. If so, I appreciate being told so. Background: Stark's conjecture interprets ...
15
votes
1answer
2k views

Two-variable p-adic L-functions of elliptic curves

Suppose $K$ is an imaginary quadratic field (with class number 1, for simplicity), $p \ne 2$ a prime split in $K$, and $K_\infty$ the $\mathbb{Z}_p^2$-extension of $K$. If $E / \mathbb{Q}$ is an ...
14
votes
1answer
3k views

Beilinson conjectures

Continuing an amazingly interesting chain of answers about motivic cohomology, I thought I should learn about the Beilinson conjectures, referred there. I have found some references, and they seem to ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

Nonvanishing of central L-values of quadratic twists?

Let $\pi$ be a cuspidal automorphic representation of GL(2) over a number field (if you want, assume it's $\mathbb Q$ and $\pi$ comes from a holomorphic modular form). In the case $\pi$ has trivial ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Stark's conjecture and p-adic L-functions

Not long back I asked a question about the existence of p-adic L-functions for number fields that are not totally real; and I was told that when the number field concerned has a nontrivial totally ...
14
votes
1answer
235 views

Is special value of Epstein zeta function in 3 variables a period?

Kontsevich-Zagier's article "Periods" contains the following question Is $\displaystyle \sum_{x,y,z \in \mathbb{Z}}' \frac{1}{(x^2+y^2+z^2)^2}$ an extended period? ($\sum'$ means we do not sum ...
12
votes
2answers
585 views

First formulation of the Dedekind and Hasse-Weil conjectures

I'm looking for the original statement of two important conjectures in number theory concerning L-functions. I'm particularly interested in pinning down the year in which they were first formulated: ...
12
votes
1answer
753 views

P-adic L-functions of nonabelian twists of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve and $\rho$ an Artin representation of $\operatorname{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}} / \mathbb{Q})$. Then there is a "twisted L-function" $L(E, \rho, s)$, corresponding to the ...
12
votes
0answers
283 views

No Siegel-Landau zeros for $\mathrm{GL}(n)$

The problem of non-existance of Siegel-Landau zeros seems to be uncharacteristically easier for cuspidal automorphic representations $\pi$ on $\mathrm{GL}(n)$ if $n\geq2$. We have in fact: There ...
11
votes
2answers
564 views

Easiest way to see that $\zeta_{\mathbb{Z}[i]}(s) = \zeta(s) L(s, \chi)$?

As the question suggests, what is the easiest way to see that$$\zeta_{\mathbb{Z}[i]}(s) = \zeta(s)L(s, \chi)?$$Here, $\chi$ is the homomorphism $(\mathbb{Z}/4\mathbb{Z})^\times \to \mathbb{C}^\times$ ...
11
votes
3answers
624 views

Decomposition of Tate-Shafarevich groups in field extensions

Suppose $E/\mathbb{Q}$ is an elliptic curve with rank zero. According to the conjecture of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer, the special value $L(1,E_{/\mathbb{Q}})$ should be equal (up to some harmless ...
11
votes
0answers
552 views

On the relation of special values of motivic L functions and partial zetas

Let $K$ be a number field, $L$ a finite abelian extension and $\chi \in \widehat{Gal(L/K)}$ a (non-trivial) character. If we multiply out the associated Artin L-function $L(\chi,s)$ we can write this ...
11
votes
0answers
989 views

Are there analogues of Beilinson's conjectures for motives with coefficients?

There's a body of wisdom (following Beilinson, Bloch, Deligne, ...) relating mixed Tate motives, motivic cohomology, algebraic K-theory, special values of L-functions, and polylogarithms. My ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

p-adic L-functions

For modular forms, it is known that you can construct p-adic L-functions by interpolating (p-power conductor) twists of their associated L-functions at special values. Similarly, Kubota-Leopoldt's ...
10
votes
1answer
660 views

Montgomery's pair correlation function without RH?

In the theory of the Riemann zeta function, Montgomery's Pair correlation function is defined as $$ F(\alpha) = \frac{1}{N(T)} \sum_{T < \gamma, \gamma' < 2T} T^{i \alpha (\gamma - \gamma')} ...
10
votes
1answer
560 views

Primer on Eisenstein series

My apologies if this question is a duplicate. I seached, and the closest I could locate is this question, which has very intriguing and intractable (for me) responses. In my continuing journey of ...
10
votes
2answers
317 views

reference help needed on a fact about poles of L-functions

Suppose $\pi$ and $\rho$ are cuspidal automorphic representations on $GL(n)$ and $GL(m)$ respectively. Then the L-function $L(s,\pi \times \rho)$ has a pole iff and $m=n$ and $\pi$ is isomorphic to ...
10
votes
1answer
647 views

Relation between Weil Conjecture and Langlands Program

Recently I read Gelbart's An Elementary Introduction To The Langlands Program, which explained the origin of the program, and this question came to me. For an elliptic curve over finite field, the ...
10
votes
1answer
276 views

Jacquet's approach to Rankin--Selberg L-functions

In his book "Automorphic Forms on GL(2), II", Springer Lecture Notes vol. 278, Jacquet defines the Rankin--Selberg L-function of $\pi_1 \times \pi_2$, where $\pi_i$ are automorphic representations of ...
10
votes
0answers
181 views

Propagation of modularity and the Artin conjecture

The (still incomplete) solution of the Artin conjecture on dimension $\leq2$ has been a massive research effort that has spanned (knowingly or not) around a century. A very natural question is, what ...
10
votes
0answers
185 views

Hodge Decompositions and Gamma Factors of Hasse--Weil L-Functions

Let $X$ be a projective variety over a number field $K$. If $\mathfrak{p}\unlhd\mathcal{O}_K$ is a prime ideal we can regard the Euler factor of its $m$th Hasse-Weil $L$-Function at $\mathfrak{p}$ as ...
10
votes
0answers
317 views

L-Functions of Varieties, Zeta Functions of Their Models

Let $k$ denote a number field, with algebraic closure $\bar{k}$. Take a smooth, projective variety $X$ over $k$. If $\mathfrak{p}$ is a prime of $k$, and $l$ is a rational prime different to the ...
10
votes
0answers
405 views

Is the Gouvea-Mazur problem related to symmetric square $L$-functions?

Here's an idea that I've found appealing but have never been able to get anywhere with. One way to frame the Gouvea-Mazur question (for lack of a better term, since the original conjecture by the ...
9
votes
2answers
539 views

central/critical/special values of L-functions terminology

I have a question about the terminology for special values of L-functions. Is the following a correct description of standard usage: Suppose L(s) is an L-function which satisfies a functional ...
9
votes
1answer
329 views

Is the adjoint L-function on GL(m) holomorphic?

Let $\pi$ be an automorphic representation on GL($m$)/$\mathbb{Q}$. Define $$L(s,\pi,Ad):=\frac{L(s,\pi\times\overline{\pi})}{\zeta(s)}.$$ This is an L-function with euler products of degree $m^2-1$. ...
9
votes
0answers
275 views

Automorphic factorization of Dedekind zeta functions

It is well known that for abelian number fields, the factorization of its Dedekind zeta function goes like this: $$\zeta_K(s)=\zeta(s)\prod_{\chi \neq 1} L(s,\chi)$$ with the Dirichlet characters ...
9
votes
0answers
457 views

Applications of Artin L-functions

Does anybody know a good reference which gives examples of applications of Artin L-functions to "elementary" number theory? Many thanks!
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Why are they called L-functions?

I was hoping to see this pop up on the recent big list question about etymology or terms and symbols. Since it has not, and I can't find an answer, I will ask: What is the reason for the $L$ in ...
8
votes
2answers
425 views

Averages over integer points of the sphere

A paper of William Duke proves that integer points on the sphere are equidistributed: $$ V_n = \{ (x,y,z) \in \mathbb{Z}^2 : x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = n \}. $$ Up to reflections across the $x$, $y$ and $z$ ...
8
votes
3answers
648 views

How many L-values determine a modular form?

Suppose $f$ and $g$ are two newforms of certain levels, weights etc. If we know that L(f,n)=L(g,n) for all sufficiently large $n$, can we conclude that $f=g$? Same question when the forms have the ...
8
votes
1answer
430 views

Is this theorem on $L$-functions known?

Notations For $f$ a meromorphic function on a domain $\Omega\subseteq \textbf{C}$, we shall say for convenience that $f$ is represented by an Ordinary Dirichlet Series (ODS) if $f$ can be written ...
8
votes
1answer
542 views

Would Elliott-Halberstam conjecture follow from GRH?

The Wikipedia article about Elliott-Halberstam (EH for short) conjecture says that the so-called Bombieri-Vinogradov theorem, which is a weaker form of EH conjecture, is in some sense an averaged form ...
8
votes
1answer
481 views

Zeroes of complete L-functions

Hello, Let $F$ and $G$ be two functions belonging in the Selberg class, $\Lambda_{F}$ and $\Lambda_{G}$ the complete L-functions associated to $F$ and $G$. I would like to know whether this assertion ...
8
votes
2answers
268 views

Is the following the right definition of $L$-functions (on the Galois side)?

This question may be too elementary for this forum, but I have asked it on math stackexchange and didn't get an answer. I have now deleted it so there wouldn't be duplicates... Here is the question as ...
8
votes
0answers
257 views

Symmetric Fifth Power Lift of GL(2) Automorphic Form

Let $\pi$ be an automorphic representation of $GL(2)/\mathbb{Q}$. For simplicity, you can take it to be a Maass form for $SL(2,\mathbb Z)$. Kim, Shahidi, Gelbart-Jacquet prove that $$L(s, \pi, ...