Knot theory is dealing with embedding of curves in manifolds of dimension 3. A knot is a single circle embedded in the affine space of dimension 3 as a smooth curve not crossing itself. Many knot invariants are known and can be used to distinguish knots.

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Knot polynomials of non-crystallographic Coxeter groups?

I learnt that the Coxeter groups have a few members more than the classic simple Lie groups: $H_3, H_4$ and $I_2(p)$. Is there a Reshetikhin-Turaev invariant for those, too? If not, where does the ...
2
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1answer
266 views

First cohomology of the space of long knots in R^4

Let's consider the space of long knots in $\mathbb R^n, n>3$. I know that there are many results (Vassiliev, Turchin, Sinha, Kontsevich) about different expressions of cohomology of this space. I ...
10
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1answer
456 views

Traces on Hecke algebras and the Jones polynomial

In his famous paper "Hecke algebra representations of braid groups and link polynomials," (Annals 1987), Jones uses a compatible family of traces $tr_z$ on the Iwahori-Hecke algebras $H(q,n)$ of type ...
12
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1answer
701 views

Fox differential calculus and the Alexander invariant of a link

I am teaching a course in knot theory, and I would like to describe the presentation of the Alexander module of a link obtained via Fox differential calculus. In doing this, I should prove the ...
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7answers
2k views

Is there a “knot theory” for graphs?

I think knot theory has been studied for quite a while (like a century or so), so I'm just wondering whether there is a "knot theory" for graphs, i.e. the study of (topological properties of) ...
4
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239 views

Reshetikhin-Turaev and links with a distinguished component

Hi, This question came up to me when reading the paper of Cartier on Vassiliev invariants, but it can probably be turned into a more general question. Let $T$ be the category whose objects are ...
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196 views

A knot complexity measure

Construct a knot/link by fusing two n-tangles together. (A tangle matrix shows how this might look for tangles with 6 legs. But lets use 4 legs for a start as this is far simpler.) Now, any rational ...
5
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1answer
668 views

Kontsevich Integral without associators?

Recall the fact that the representations of a quantum group form a braided tensor category, and this corresponds to the fact that $U_q(\mathfrak g)$ is a quasi-triangular Hopf algebra. The braiding ...
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330 views

A Category of Knot Diagrams

A brief explanation of my motivation before I ask my question. I am trying to understand Skein relations, the Jones polynomial, and their relations to Khovanov homology. To me, the natural setting to ...
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115 views

Spectral decomposition of R matrix -> Wenzl projectors?

Just curious: if you take a R matrix from knot theory and apply a spectral decomposition (see. e.g. my following post Matrix decomposition the other way) you'll get projectors: ...
8
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2answers
384 views

Number of the Reidemeister moves needed to transform one diagram into another one

A recent question Random Reidemeister moves to unknot contains a link to the paper http://www.ams.org/journals/jams/2001-14-02/S0894-0347-01-00358-7/S0894-0347-01-00358-7.pdf, in which J. Hass and J. ...
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146 views

Around the Montesino-Nakanishi 3-move

I have a few questions around the 3-move. I know it's NOT an unknotting move (but who needs knots with 20+ crossings anyway :-) by the recent proof of Przytycki. 1. In another paper about the third ...
6
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2answers
655 views

Random Reidemeister moves to unknot

Suppose one has a link diagram of the unknot, and applies random Reidemeister moves until the unknot is reached. Surely it requires an exponential number of moves, exponential in, say, the crossing ...
1
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1answer
496 views

Recovering the Alexander Polynomial from Ocneanu's HOMFLYPT

Let $H_q(n)$ denote the Hecke algebra associated to the symmetric group $S(n)$: this is the $\mathbb{Z}[q^{\pm 1/2}]$ algebra generated by $T_1, \ldots, T_{n-1}$ satisfying the braid relations along ...
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2answers
348 views

Untangling a graph

Assume you have a 4-valent graph (i.e., a knot universe, i.e. a collection of self-intersecting curves). Your allowed moves are the equivalents of Reidemeister 1, 2, 3, just with 4-nodes instead of ...
2
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2answers
388 views

Is it possible to reliably generate a particular approximation of an ideal knot via a simulated annealing approach?

Say I take a cord, tie a loose knot in three-dimensional space, and pull tightly on the ends to generate an approximation of an ideal knot. If the cord has a fixed knot topology and a random initial ...
4
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1answer
736 views

Understanding Penrose diagrammatical notation

I arrived to Penrose's paper Applications of negative dimensional Tensors after reading some bits of Baez's Prehistory (link) and the first two chapters of Turaev's Quantum invariants of knots and ...
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1answer
325 views

Knot polynomials: Skein>Matrix>Group?

OK, the heading was a bit tersely formulated... If you have a quantum group and an irrep, you theoretically know the R matrix (mathematicians are a notoriously idle lot, they give the general formula ...
6
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2answers
621 views

Examples of Non-algebraic Fibered Knots?

I am currently reading a monograph by Jose Seade, " On the topology of isolated singularities in analytic spaces". I have following questions but before asking questions I recall the definition of ...
4
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1answer
377 views

How does one relate the monodromy of the KZ equations with the WRT representation of the braid group?

The KZ equations on the configuration space of $n$ distinct points in $\mathbb C$ give rise to a representation of $B_n$ on $V^{\otimes n}$, where $V$ is any given representation of $SL(2)$ (we'll ...
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1answer
554 views

What are the statistics of prime knots in 3d Random walk?

This question on physics stackexchange http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/12973/the-entropic-cost-of-tying-knots-in-polymers has a formulation which is perhaps more appropriate for this forum. ...
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2answers
640 views

Torus knots in Euclidean space — a symmetry argument

Consider a $(p,q)$ torus knot $K$ in 3-dimensional Euclidean space $\mathbb R^3$ where $p,q \geq 2$ and $\operatorname{GCD}(p,q)=1$. Let $\operatorname{Isom}(\mathbb R^3,K)$ be the isometries of ...
6
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1answer
258 views

What is the complex structure on the boundary torus of a hyperbolic knot complement?

Let $K$ be a hyperbolic knot in $\mathbb S^3$. Restrict the corresponding representation $\pi_1(\mathbb S^3\setminus K)\to\operatorname{PSL}(2,\mathbb C)$ to the fundamental group of the boundary ...
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252 views

Is the category of tangles that includes, X, Y, and Lambda a free Frobenius braided category?

Consider the category whose objects are non-negative integers that are represented as dots along a line, and whose morphisms are generated by $X$---positive crossing, $\bar{X}$ --- negative crossing, ...
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1answer
508 views

Is the complete functorial structure for Khovanov--Lee homology known?

I'm interested in Lee's modification of Khovanov homology, which I'll denote $\operatorname{Kh}_{\operatorname{Lee}}^\ast$. Below $L$ is a link in $\mathbb R^3$. The groups ...
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221 views

subset embedding gives trefoil knot [closed]

Let $X$ be a topological space and $E_n(X)$ the space of finite sets of cardinality $\leq n$. It is a theorem of Bott that $E_3(S^1)=S^3$. What is the idea to show that the embedding ...
27
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961 views

What is the three-dimensional hyperbolic volume of a four-manifold?

Every smooth closed orientable 4-manifold may be constructed via a handle decomposition. Before asking a couple of questions, I recall some well-known facts about handle-decompositions of 4-manifolds. ...
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455 views

Knot Numerology

EDIT: Ok, I condense it to only that what is needed. Assume it's possible to use the method described here Matrix decomposition the other way to decompose a $S$ matrix from knot theory. Then each ...
5
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1answer
546 views

Trace identities and the Kauffman Bracket skein module

Let's consider $K_t(M)$, the Kauffman bracket skein module (see this and this papers) of a three-manifold $M$. When $t=-1$, $K_t(M)$ is easily seen to be isomorphic to the ring of functions on the ...
2
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1answer
187 views

Invariants of unframed, oriented links from Reshetikhin Turaev construction

Hello! I have a few questions on Reshetikhin Turaev invariants. By RT any ribbon category ${\mathcal C}$ yields an invariant of oriented, framed links labelled with objects of ${\mathcal C}$. Is ...
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2answers
627 views

Are there any very hard unlinks?

This question is closely related to a question of Gowers: Are there any very hard unknots? . I'm thinking about how to create interesting knots from small numbers of local moves on unlinks. The ...
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2k views

How many definitions are there of the Jones polynomial?

Even with the connection to quantum groups being made clearer (I believe it was not known when the Jones polynomial was first introduced), it seems to me that still we don't have the "right" ...
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239 views

A tangle matrix

The image should already say everything. But in case it is mute... :-) List tangles with 2n legs downward as column header, and with 2n legs upward as row header. (n=3 here.) In the crossing point ...
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2answers
482 views

is twisted torus knot T(7,2;4,1) prime?

what kind of twisted torus knot is prime? even more , is twisted torus knot T(7,2;4,1) prime?
3
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1answer
303 views

A question about Dehn filling in the unknot.

Hello, If you have a link of 2 components $U$ and $V$ in $S^3$. $U$ is the unknot, and you make $1/q$ dehn filling in $U$, you can visualize the resulting knot $V'$ from $V$, by twisting it $q$ ...
2
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1answer
451 views

Now that I got a mutant-discriminating invariant…

...what can I do with the darn thing? Background: I read that still no Vassiliev Invariant with mutant-discriminating power is known (correct me if this is outdated). Now, my research lead to a whole ...
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1answer
330 views

Some Vassiliev Invariant Questions

The V.I. definition goes doublepoint=overpass-underpass (or was it the other way around? If it's 50:50, I score 0 always :-). Would it lead anywhere to define doublepoint=overpass+underpass? (Even if ...
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2answers
552 views

Does every knot contain all four vertices of an isosceles trapezoid?

I ask this question with some trepidation, because it may be trivial and/or of entirely recreational interest. Erika Pannwitz proved in 1933 that every non-trivial knot contains a quadrisecant (four ...
3
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342 views

Positivity of braid monodromy of curve singularities

I recall the notion of braid monodromy. Let $C \subset \mathbb{C}^2$ be an algebraic curve, and choose a projection $\pi: \mathbb{C}^2 \to \mathbb{C}$ such that the restriction $\pi: C \to ...
3
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2answers
383 views

Construction of Kirby-diagram for slice-complement

Let $(S^3,K)=\partial (D^4,D)$ be a slice knot. (i.e. a knot in $S^3$ bounds a disk in $D^4$.) Are there any relation between the knot diagram of $K$ and the kirby diagram for $(D^4-D,M_K)$, where ...
5
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1answer
872 views

smooth proof of reidemeister theorem

Hello! In another post Ryan Budney has mentioned a "smooth proof" of the theorem of Reidemeister... (@Ryan Budney:) Do You know if there is a book (or paper) containing such a proof? I am interrested ...
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3answers
1k views

Is anything known about this braid group quotient?

Let $B_n$ be the braid group on $n$ strands. As is well known, if $\sigma_i$ is the operation of crossing the string in position $i$ over the string in position $i+1$, then the elements ...
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1answer
231 views

“Skein” equations sets that can reduce any graph

Consider for example the approach to the Kuperberg G2 or the Yamada polynomial. I don't know whether relations of graph (in contrast to knot) theory are also usually called "skein" but I simply carry ...
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2answers
431 views

Which knots can appear as a space-time cut/slice of an open trefoil?

An open trefoil is a trefoil tied in an infinitely long line. An open trefoil that is at rest in (flat) space is a surface in space-time. Now, other observers in space-time have other time ...
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1answer
266 views

Can a closed trefoil appear as a space-time “cut” of an open trefoil?

An open trefoil is a trefoil tied in an infinitely long line. An open trefoil that is at rest in (flat) space, in space-time is a knotted hypersurface. Different observers in space-time have ...
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2answers
998 views

How many lanes has a freeway? (Crossing free Kuperberg G2, that is.) EDITED

For referencing, I keep the original title and post and ask only about the simplest case (and forget the freeway with crossings for now). Consider a trivalent graph, e.g. the dodecahedron or cube ...
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1answer
385 views

What is the shape of a tight open trefoil?

Take an infinitely long rope of diameter 1, ideally flexible and ideally slippery. Tie a trefoil knot into it and pull it tight. Describe the resulting rope shape analytically. The problem is ...
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9answers
2k views

In knot theory: Benefits of working in $S^3$ instead of $\mathbb{R}^3$?

In several textbooks on knot theory (e.g. Lickorish's, Rolfsen's) knots are considered in $\mathbb{R}^3$ or $S^3$. The reason for working in $S^3$ is sometimes given at the beginning of a text as that ...
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308 views

A knot theory form of the carpenter's ruler question

Hey, The carpenter's ruler problem is about polygons you can make with planar joints. You can formulate a similar question for knots when you introduce ball joints: Given m ball joints connected by ...
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131 views

Simple terminology question about the Dubrovnik (Kauffman) polynomial

In my S matrix classification attempts I encounter a lot of Dubrovnik polynomials of the form D(z-1/z,z^n) and D(-z+1/z,z^n). [Second variable is for writhe, n is an integer; for the first I don't ...