# Tagged Questions

**2**

votes

**2**answers

190 views

### Gauss Codes that produce classical knots as opposed to virtual knots

I have been doing some research in Gauss codes and have been reading Kauffman's paper Virtual Knot Theory. In section 3.3, Theorem 2, he states that
If $K$ is a virtual knot whose underlying Gauss ...

**6**

votes

**6**answers

286 views

### Reference on representations of knot groups

Recently, I was studying the knot group and I want to learn some more material about it (e.g. its representations).
"Knots" by Burde and Zieschang discusses some material but it is not entirely ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

464 views

### Is this knot invariant already treated somewhere in the literature?

Fix a knot type $K \subset S^3$, and consider the set $$Y_K = \{ \mbox{Diagrams of }K \} / \mbox{planar isotopy}.$$
We can turn $Y_K$ into a metric space by considering the distance induced by ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Is there a combinatorial version of PL ambient isotopy in dimension $>3$?

The classical PL Reidemeister Theorem reads:
Reidemeister Theorem: Two knots in $S^3$ are PL ambient isotopic if and only if any diagram of one can be transformed into a diagram of the other by ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

610 views

### Kontsevich integral : state of the art

The Kontsevich integral is known to be a universal Vassiliev invariant.
It is still an open question whether it is a complete knot invariant, i.e. whether it distinguishes a given knot from all other ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

570 views

### What is the state of the art for algorithmic knot simplification?

Question: Given a `hard' diagram of a knot, with over a hundred crossings, what is the best algorithm and software tool to simplify it? Will it also simplify virtual knot diagrams, tangle diagrams, ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

287 views

### Commutativity in the Fundamental Group and Knot Theory

Let $M$ be a connected $3$-manifold and let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ be elements in $\pi_1(M)$. Then $\alpha$ and $\beta$ can be represented by two knots $a$ and $b$ in $M$. We may further require that ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Reference for a theorem on crossing changes of links

I've recently stumbled upon a paper of Scharlemann on crossing changes:
link text
In particular I am interested in understanding Theorem 2.2 (page 6):
"Theorem: If links A and B
are related by a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### Is every quasipositive knot strongly quasipositive?

A link is called quasipositive if it has a special braid diagram, namely a product of conjugates of the positive standard generators of the braid group. If this product only contains words of the form ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

199 views

### Measures of entangledness of an open curve

Let $\gamma$ be a simple (non-self-intersecting) open curve in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
I am seeking a measure of its degree of "entangledness," some measure that accords
with the intuition one senses with a ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Links which HOMFLY homology distinguish but the HOMFLY polynomial does not.

Does anyone know of a pair of different links which the HOMFLY polynomial does not distinguish, but HOMFLY homology does? Or does there exist such a pair of links?
I'm assuming there does exist ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

92 views

### Categorification of WRT invariants of integral homology spheres

First, I would like to know how many definitions are there for categorification of WRT invariants. In addition, I wonder if the categorified version of WRT invariants have been explicitly computed for ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

197 views

### Reference for a proof of the Dehn presentation

I would like a reference for a proof that the Dehn presentation is a presentation of the fundamental group of the knot complement in $\mathbb{S}^{3} $.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### Can we get the HOMFLY polynomial for a torus knot from the Kauffman Polynomial?

This is essentially a yes/no/reference request question. I posted it on math.se and left it there for 5 days before posting here.
Let me first just ask my question: Is there a known relationship ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

607 views

### What is knot contact homology?

Recently, it was conjectured by the paper of Aganagic and Vafa that the $Q$-deformed $A$-polynomials can be identified with the augmentation polynomials of the knot contact homology. The $Q$-deformed ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### $6j$-symbols for $U_q({\mathfrak{sl}}_n)$ and colored HOMFLY polynomials

Explicit expression of quantum $6j$-symbolos for $U_q({\mathfrak{sl}_2})$ have been known due to the work of Kirillov and Reshitikhin.
My Question:
How much are known about quantum $6j$-symbolos ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

333 views

### Infinite knot composed of parallel helices

I am wondering if there is a developed theory of "infinite knots" that could capture
this object, and tell me something of its knot properties.
Imagine vertical helices in $\mathbb{R}^3$, each ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

450 views

### Circle-arc number of a knot

I would like to build knots in $\mathbb{R}^3$ from arcs
of unit-radius (planar) circles, joined together at points where
the tangents match. Thus the knot will have
curvature $1$ at all but the ...

**5**

votes

**6**answers

789 views

### Knot theory without planar diagrams?

I remember reading somewhere that there are just a few contributions to knot theory which do not involve knot diagrams. Hence my question:
Does anybody know about papers concerning knot theory which ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### On expressions of colored Jones polynomials

In the paper by Masbaum, it was shown that the colored Jones polynomials for a twist knot $K_p$ can be written as
\begin{eqnarray}
J_{n}(K_p;q)&=&\sum_{k=0}^{\infty} {\cal C}_{K_p}(k)
...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

622 views

### AJ conjecture for links

Garoufalidis proposed a conjecture on $q$-difference equations for the colored Jones polynomials of knots.
\begin{equation}
\hat{A}_K(\hat{l},\hat{m};q)J_n(K;q)=0
\end{equation}
where the actions of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Min Bend Orthogonal Knots

I am seeking literature on 3D orthogonal drawings of knots,
especially minimum bend drawings.
An orthogonal drawing employs segments parallel to the axes of
a Cartesian coordinate system.
A bend is a ...

**10**

votes

**5**answers

824 views

### Best Computational Knot Invariants

My apologies if this is too closely related to this closed post.
I have been collaborating with a physicist looking at long polymer chains. These chains form knots with 2D projections having on the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

534 views

### Closed formula for colored Jones polynomial of the trefoil? (reference request)

(EDIT: Powers of $q$ in the formula corrected.)
I've been doing some computations with skein modules, and I found the following formula for the N-th colored Jones polynomial of the trefoil:
...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

485 views

### Knot Invariants from Twisted Quantum Doubles

In "Topological Gauge Theories and Group Cohomology", Dijkgraaf and Witten construct a 3-manifold invariant from a finite group $G$ and 3-cocycle $\omega$. I would think there is also an associated ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Knot symmetries and the Alexander polynomial

Let $K\subset S^3$ be a knot. Suppose there is an involution, $f$, of $S^3$ such that $f(K)=K$, and the fixed points of $f$ do not lie on $K$ itself. Furthermore assume that the orientations of $f(K)$ ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

350 views

### Is there a known method for finding the minimum bridge index of a knot?

It is easy to establish an upper bound $n$ for the bridge index of a knot by producing a diagram with the knot in $n$-bridge position.
Is there a known method to produce a reasonable lower bound ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

642 views

### Random Reidemeister moves to unknot

Suppose one has a link diagram of the unknot, and applies random Reidemeister moves
until the unknot is reached.
Surely it requires an exponential number of moves, exponential in, say, the crossing ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

256 views

### What is the complex structure on the boundary torus of a hyperbolic knot complement?

Let $K$ be a hyperbolic knot in $\mathbb S^3$. Restrict the corresponding representation $\pi_1(\mathbb S^3\setminus K)\to\operatorname{PSL}(2,\mathbb C)$ to the fundamental group of the boundary ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

876 views

### Is there a table of (fibred knot) monodromies?

Background/motivation
I'm working on contact topology (in dimension three): a fundamental theorem of Giroux gives us a bijection between contact structures (up to isotopy) and open books (up to ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

925 views

### Complexity of random knot with vertices on sphere

Connect $n$ random points on a sphere in a cycle of
segments between succesive points:
I would like to know the growth rate, with respect to $n$, of the crossing ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### What's about “quantum modular forms”?

Do you know where one could read on "Modular Forms, K-theory and Knots"? The combination of themes sounds thrilling!
Edit: Zagier's paper on "quantum modular forms" will be published in Clay's ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

350 views

### Unknotting tunnels in surface bundles

Given a once-punctured surface $F$ and an orientation preserving self homeomorphism $\phi$, let $M_\phi$ be the bundle over $S^1$ with fiber $F$ and monodromy $\phi$.
In Sakuma's survey article The ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

549 views

### Which knots' stick numbers are twice their crossing numbers?

Looking at a table of minimum stick numbers for knots (table here),
it seems the known upper bound of $2 c(K)$ in terms of the knot crossing number $c(K)$
is realized by the trefoil $3_1$—it ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

691 views

### A Reference for Schubert's Theorem

Schubert's Theorem in Knot Theory says that any knot can be uniquely decomposed as the connected sum of prime knots.
Unfortunately the original paper is in German.
Does anyone know a good english ...

**17**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Proof of the Reidemeister theorem

While preparing for my introduction to topology course, I've realized that I don't know where to find a detailed proof of the Reidemeister theorem (two link diagrams give isotopic links, iff they can ...