Questions about K3 surfaces, which are smooth complex surfaces $X$ with trivial canonical bundle and vanishing $H^1(O_X)$. They are examples of Calabi-Yau varieties of dimension $2$.

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49
votes
1answer
948 views

Is there an octonionic analog of the K3 surface, with implications for stable homotopy groups of spheres?

The infamous K3 surface has many constructions in many fields ranging from algebraic geometry to algebraic topology. Its many properties are well known. For this question I am really interested in the ...
24
votes
0answers
642 views

Enriques surfaces over $\mathbb Z$

Does there exist a smooth proper morphism $E \to \operatorname{Spec} \mathbb Z$ whose fibers are Enriques surfaces? By a theorem of, independently, Fontaine and Abrashkin, combined with the Enriques-...
21
votes
1answer
535 views

$\int_0^\infty x \, [J_0(x)]^5 \, dx$: source and context, if any?

QUESTION Numerical calculation with gp (first to the default 38-digit precision, then tripled) supports the conjecture that $$ \int_0^\infty x \, [J_0(x)]^5 \, dx = \frac{\Gamma(1/15) \, \Gamma(2/15) ...
21
votes
1answer
996 views

Monstrous moonshine for $M_{24}$ and K3?

An important piece of Monstrous moonshine is the j-function, $$j(\tau) = \frac{1}{q}+744+196884q+21493760q^2+\dots\tag{1}$$ In the paper "Umbral Moonshine" (2013), page 5, authors Cheng, Duncan, and ...
19
votes
4answers
1k views

Does $(x^2 - 1)(y^2 - 1) = c z^4$ have a rational point, with z non-zero, for any given rational c?

I need this result for something else. It seems fairly hard, but I may be missing something obvious. Just one non-trivial solution for any given $c$ would be fine (for my application).
17
votes
1answer
389 views

Vector field on a K3 surface with 24 zeroes

In http://mathoverflow.net/a/44885/4177, Tilman points out that one can use a $K3$ surface minus the zeroes of a generic vector field to build a nullcobordism for $24[SU(2)]$. Given that a) this is a ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

M24 moonshine for K3

There are recent papers suggesting that the elliptic genus of K3 exhibits moonshine for the Mathieu group $M_{24}$ (http://arXiv.org/pdf/1004.0956). Does anyone know of constructions of $M_{24}$ ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views

K3 surfaces with good reduction away from finitely many places

Let S be a finite set of primes in Q. What, if anything, do we know about K3 surfaces over Q with good reduction away from S? (To be more precise, I suppose I mean schemes over Spec Z[1/S] whose ...
12
votes
1answer
671 views

Curves on K3 and modular forms

The paper of Bryan and Leung "The enumerative geometry of $K3$ surfaces and modular forms" provides the following formula. Let $S$ be a $K3$ surface and $C$ be a holomorphic curve in $S$ representing ...
12
votes
1answer
315 views

Rational curves on the Fermat quartic surface

Let $X$ be the Fermat quartic $x^4+y^4+z^4+w^4=0$ in $\mathbb P^3$. It is known that $X$ contains infinitely many $(-2)$-curves, that is, smooth rational curves. (One way to obtain in infinitely many ...
12
votes
0answers
569 views

Why are solutions to $\sqrt[k]{x_1^k+x_2^k+x_3^k+x_4^k}$ for $k=2,3$ curiously smooth?

Given an integer solution $s_m$ to the system, $$x_1^2+x_2^2+\dots+x_n^2 = y^2$$ $$x_1^3+x_2^3+\dots+x_n^3 = z^3$$ and define the function, $$F(s_m) = x_1+x_2+\dots+x_n$$ For $n\geq3$, using an ...
11
votes
1answer
358 views

Symmetric functions on three parameters being perfect squares

Is it possible for $x+y+z, xy+yz+zx$, and $xyz$ to be perfect squares at the same time for positive integer values of $x,y,z$?
11
votes
2answers
983 views

How to compute the Picard rank of a K3 surface?

I'm curious about the following question: Given a K3 surface, how does one proceed to compute its rank? Of course the answer may depend on the form of the input, i.e. how the K3 is "given". So ...
11
votes
0answers
297 views

Am I missing something about this notion of Mirror Symmetry for abelian varieties?

This is a continuation of my recent question: Mirror symmetry for polarized abelian surfaces and Shioda-Inose K3s. In the comments of the question, I was directed to the paper http://arxiv.org/abs/...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

construct the elliptic fibration of elliptic k3 surface

Hi all, As we know, every elliptic k3 surface admits an elliptic fibration over $P^1$, but generally how do we construct this fibration? For example, how to get such a fibration for Fermat quartic? ...
10
votes
3answers
932 views

A K3 over $P^1$ with six singular $A_1$- fibers?

Hirzebruch, in the paper 'Arrangements of Lines and Algebraic Surfaces' constructs a special $K3$ surface out of a 'complete quadrilateral' in $CP^2$. A complete quadritlateral consists of 4 ...
10
votes
1answer
408 views

K3 surfaces that correspond to rational points of elliptic curves

In his work on mirror symmetry (http://arxiv.org/pdf/alg-geom/9502005v2.pdf) Igor Dolgachev has considered families of K3 surfaces of Picard rank at least 19 with the base given by $X_0(n)^+$, the ...
10
votes
0answers
488 views

Torelli-like theorem for K3 surfaces on terms of its étale cohomology

Is there a proof of a Torelli-like Theorem for a K3-surface over any field (non complex) in terms of its etale or crystalline cohomology? For example: If $K\ne \mathbb{C} $ and $X\rightarrow \...
9
votes
2answers
906 views

What classes am I missing in the Picard lattice of a Kummer K3 surface?

Constructing the Kummer K3 of an Abelian surface $A$, we have an obvious 22-dimensional collection of classes in $H^2(K3, \mathbb{Z})$ given by the 16 (-2)-curves (which by construction do not ...
9
votes
1answer
422 views

Non-algebraic K3 surfaces in characteristic $p$

I have a very naive question. Recall that over the field of complex numbers, there exist non-algebraic K3 surfaces. Namely, smooth non-projective simply connected compact complex surfaces with ...
9
votes
1answer
510 views

Dodecahedral K3?

In pondering this MO question and in particularly its 1st answer, and answers to this one recently posed, I realized there ought to be a dodecahedral K3 surface $X$. This $X$ would fiber as an ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Sums of four fourth powers

Apologies in advance if this is a naive question. If I understand correctly, it's well-known that the Fermat quartic surface $X = \lbrace w^4 +x^4+y^4+z^4 =0 \rbrace \subset \mathbf{P}^3$ has ...
7
votes
2answers
674 views

Polarizations of K3 surfaces over finite fields

Suppose that $X$ is a (projective) K3 surface over a field $k$. A polarization of $X$ is an element $\lambda\in Pic_X(k)$ that is represented over an algebraic closure $\overline{k}$ by an ample line ...
7
votes
2answers
337 views

Necessary condition on Calabi-Yau manfiold to be a hypersurface in a Fano manifold

Let $X$ be a smooth projective Calabi-Yau threefold. Are there any known obstructions to it being a member of a base-point-free linear system in a nef-Fano fourfold? What, in anything, is known ...
7
votes
1answer
510 views

To what extent does Poincare duality hold on moduli stacks?

Poincare duality gives us, for a smooth orientable $n$-manifold, an isomorphism $H^k(M) \to H_{n-k}(M)$ given by $\gamma \mapsto \gamma \frown [M]$ where $[M]$ is the fundamental class of the manifold,...
7
votes
1answer
277 views

A question on an elliptic fibration of the Enriques surface

Let $S$ be an Enriques surface over complex numbers. It is known that $S$ admits an elliptic fibration over $\mathbb{P}^1$ with $12$ nodal singular fibers and $2$ double fibers. How can I see this ...
7
votes
0answers
283 views

Mirror symmetry for polarized abelian surfaces and Shioda-Inose K3s

It is well known (cf. Dolgachev) that there is a beautiful notion of mirror symmetry for lattice-polarized K3 surfaces. That is, if we are given a rank $r$ lattice $M$ of signature $(1, r - 1)$ and a ...
6
votes
3answers
662 views

2-cycle of K3 surface

Hi there, I want to ask about the 2-cycle of K3 surface. As we know, its betti number $b_2$=22, so there will be 22 2-cycle generators. Is there any topological way to figure out such cycles direct?...
6
votes
2answers
275 views

adjacency matrix of a graph and lines on quartic surfaces

Suppose you are given a smooth quartic surface $X$ in $\mathbb P^3$. I would like to find an upper bound for the number of lines on $X$ in the case that there is no plane intersecting the curves in ...
6
votes
1answer
221 views

$K3$ surfaces admitting finite non-symplectic group actions are projective

I have read somewhere that "$K3$ surfaces admitting finite non-symplectic group actions are projective". Could someone remind me of a proof?
6
votes
1answer
177 views

Loci in the moduli space of K3 surfaces associated to lattices

The moduli space of K3 surfaces forms a 20-dimensional family with countably many 19-dimensional components $M_d$ corresponding to the polarized K3s $(X,L)$ with $L^2=d$. The moduli space $M_d$ has a ...
6
votes
0answers
523 views

Possible automorphism groups of a K3 surface

Which finite groups are automorphism groups of polarized K3 surfaces (let's say over ℂ)? ...and does the answer change is I remove "polarized"? (polarized = equipped with an ample line bundle)
5
votes
2answers
408 views

Action of automorphisms of a $K3$ surface on its $(-2)$-curves

Consider a complex $K3$ surface $X$ and take its group of automorphisms $Aut(X)$. It is a known fact that the action of $Aut(X)$ on the set of rational $-2$ curves of $X$ has only finite number of ...
5
votes
1answer
529 views

Complex structures on a K3 surface as a hyperkähler manifold

A hyperkähler manifold is a Riemannian manifold of real dimension $4k$ and holonomy group contained in $Sp(k)$. It is known that every hyperkähler manifold has a $2$-sphere $S^{2}$ of complex ...
5
votes
1answer
283 views

Is the automorphism group of a Calabi-Yau variety an arithmetic group

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over the complex numbers with trivial canonical bundle. Suppose that $X$ is Calabi-Yau. Is the automorphism group of $X$ an arithmetic group? What if $X$ is a ...
5
votes
1answer
393 views

Training towards research on k3 surfaces

I am a graduate student learning basic algebraic geometry (from Hartshorne, Shafarevich). I'm planning to work in k3 surfaces (arithmetic and geometric properties, in my guide's words). I came to know ...
5
votes
1answer
254 views

Does $h^1(D)=0$ imply numerical connectedness on K3 surfaces?

Let $X$ be a complex K3 surface and $D$ an effective divisor on $X$. We shall say: $D$ is connected if its support is connected. $D$ is numerically connected if for any non-trivial effective ...
5
votes
2answers
831 views

Singular K3 — mathematical meaning?

There's a very interesting text by Cumrun Vafa called Geometric Physics. Here I'm particularly interested in Chapter 4, where we take a Calabi-Yau manifold presented as a degenerating fibration: ...
5
votes
1answer
245 views

Positivity question on K3 surfaces

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex K3 surface and $L, D$ two effective divisors, $L^2\geq0$ and $D^2\geq0$. (Q1). do we have $L\cdot D\geq0$ ? If either one has positive self-intersection, the ...
5
votes
1answer
298 views

On the cohomology ring of the Hilbert scheme of points on k3 or abelian surfaces

There are many results on the cohomology of the Hilbert scheme of points of a surface. Gottsche calcaluted the Betti numbers and Nakajima got the generators of the cohomology. Also there are results ...
5
votes
0answers
97 views

Is a Kummer surface over an finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ supersingular iff $\mathbb{F}_q$-unirational?

Let $A$ be an abelian surface over an finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. In particular, I am interested in the case when $A$ is a Jacobian variety. Is the Kummer surface $K_A/\mathbb{F}_q$ Shioda-...
5
votes
0answers
149 views

Are all these K3 surfaces supersingular?

Consider all the smooth K3 surfaces given by $X^4+W^2X^2+XW^3 = f(Y,Z,W)$ or $X^4+XW^3 = g(Y,Z,W)$ over $\mathbb F_{2}$ with $f$ or $g$ homogenous of degree 4. There are a lot of choices for $f$ and $...
5
votes
0answers
160 views

on the automorphisms of the transcendental Hodge structure of a K3 surface

Let $S$ be a complex projective K3 surface and consider the sub-Hodge structure $$ T(S) \subset H^2(S, \mathbb{Q}) $$ consisting of transcendental cycles. Let $\varphi$ be an automorphism of Hodge ...
5
votes
0answers
198 views

Non minimal K3 surfaces as hypersurfaces of weighted projective spaces

I recently learnt that the hypersurface $$ S:=(x^2+y^3+z^{11}+w^{66}=0) \subset \mathbb{P}(33,22,6,1) $$ is birational to a K3 surface. This is surprising because the surface is quasi-smooth, well-...
4
votes
2answers
635 views

Are any two K3 surfaces over C diffeomorphic?

Let $S$ be a K3 surface over $\mathbb{C}$, that is, $S$ is a simply connected compact smooth complex surface whose canonical bundle is trivial. I recall reading somewhere that any two such surfaces ...
4
votes
2answers
356 views

Reference for Automorphisms of K3 surfaces

I am looking for some introductory reference concerning Automorphisms (of finite order) on K3 surfaces. Any suggestion?
4
votes
1answer
441 views

Is any K3 surface of degree 8 in P^5 the complete intersection of quadrics?

Here the base field is the field of complex numbers.
4
votes
1answer
320 views

Singular models of K3 surfaces

Let us work over a ground field of characteristic zero. As is well-known, a K3 surface is a smooth projective geometrically integral surface $X$ whose canonical class $\omega_X$ is trivial and for ...
4
votes
1answer
362 views

(3,3) abelian surface and k3 surfaces

SOrry for the very specific question, but curiosity bites.... So here's the story: an idecomposable principally polarized abelian surface is embedded in $P^8=|3\Theta |^* $ as a deg 18 surface A. ...
4
votes
1answer
467 views

Involution of the Fermat quartic

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^{3}$ be the Fermat quartic surface given by $$x^4-y^4-z^4+w^4 = 0$$ and consider the involution $$i:X\rightarrow X,\: (x,y,z,w)\mapsto (y,x,w,z).$$ The surface $X$ can be seen ...